close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2115067

код для вставки
April 26, 1938.
2,115,067
G. FlNK
FLASHING BRICK OR TILE
Filed April 1, 1937
2 sheet's-sheet 1
k
m
24'
//7V6/1f0r:
Z5
6760,76 {Ch/r
BY Zzwfw
///6 ATTORNEY
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
2,115,067
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFiCE
2,115,067
7
,
FLASHING BRICK on TILE ‘
George Fink, Yonkers, N. Y.
Application April 1, 1937, Serial No; 134,207
9 Claims. (Cl. 108—-26)
My present invention relates to roo?ng mate
rial, and more particularly to an improved ?ash
ing brick, tile and/or coping for roofs and the
like.
5
ways.
Other objects and novel features of the con
My invention is adapted to be'incorporated in» struction and arrangement of parts comprising
a parapet wall adjacent to the roof and to house
the edges of the roo?ng material. When thus
situated it extends preferably through the wall
and the elements or units are arranged in over
10 lapping relation along the length of the, wall.
the device will appear as the description of the
invention progresses.
'
In the accompanying drawings:
The underlying portion of each wall element or
unit is provided with a portion'to receive'and
Fig. 1 is a view, in perspective, of a parapet
wall and roof structure showing a ?ashing brick
or tile embodying my invention incorporated
therein, and also showing a modi?ed form of my
bind the overlap-ping portion of the adjacent ele
invention.
ment or unit, and each underlying portion is pro
,,
proved ?ashing brick or tile having incorporated
therein transversely extending water seepage’
’
Fig. 2 is a view, in perspective, of my improved
vided with a channel or seepage way which ex
?ashing brick or tile.
tends transversely of the element or unit-and
also of the wall-and the construction is such
that water ?nding its way into the channel or
seepage way is conducted to the inside face of
Fig. 3 is a view, in perspective, of a through
wall brick or tile embodying-my invention.
the wall and thence onto the roo?ng. The over
lapping portion of' the elements or units forms a
cover or housing for the channel or seepage way
in the adjacent element or unit. '
. The elements or units are ordinarily larger
than the usual brick, being usually two bricks
thick and two or more bricks wide, the width de
pending on the desired thickness of the wall.
For appearance sake in the ?nished wall, the ele
’
Fig. 4 is an end view of a portion of a parapet
wall,~showing an element or unit, as illustrated in
Fig. 3, incorporated therein.
'
"Fig. 5 is a view, in perspective, of two ?ashing
bricks or tile in operative‘relation to each other,
the overlapping portion of one brick being bro
ken away to illustrate the manner in which it co
operates with the underlying portion of the ad 25
jac'ent brick or tile.
Referring to the drawings, i0 designates a
?ashing brick or tile of my present invention,
ments or units are grooved or scored to similate
having a main body portion ll extended at one
ordinary building brick. The elements or units end to form an underlying portion l2, and ex
may be made of the usual brick clay, or other tending outwardly from the top thereof, in a di
ceramic material, and burnt, as is usual, or may rection opposite to the underlying portion I2 is
be made of any suitable, moldable, and prefer
an overlapping portion‘it. Formed in the body
ably water proof material.
H and underlying portion l2, and extending up
The elements or units may be made without wardly at an angle into the. material of the body
the means for housing the edges of the roo?ng ' H and underlying portion i2 is a slot or groove
material if desired, and where it- is desired to
54, which may be supplied with a plurality of
utilize the elements or units in the building of a serrations l5 to assist in more ?rmly attaching
parapet wall. When thus employed the elements the roo?ng material therein.
40 or units are built into the wall at a point above
At the intersection of the body H and over
the roof and act as a protecting dam to prevent lapping portion !3' is formed a groove or score 16
seepage of water downwardly through the wall.
which gives to the element or unit'the appear
The present invention may also be embodied ance of two bricks.
'
in a coping structure, in which event the shape,
Formed integral with the overlapping portion
45 in end elevation, is similar to the usual coping
l3 and underlying portion I2 is a rearward ex
block- Naturally the elements or units are wider tension iGa, which provides an overhang which
than the wall structure and have incorporated rests on the top of a brick or bricks forming part
therein the channel or seepage way to conduct
of a parapet wall when the element or unit is in
water to the inside face of the parapet wall.
The principal object of my invention therefore,
corporated in such wall.
is an improved ?ashing brick or tile.
incident with the underlying portion I2, is a bev
elled wall member IT, with its top edge lying in
the same plane as the, top surface of the overlap
ping portion l3. Attached to the end of the
member I‘! and extending along the end‘ of the
Another object is an improved ?ashing brick
or‘ tile for receiving and housing the edges of
roo?ng material.v
55
>
A further object of my invention is an im—
16
At the rear of the rearward extension 16a, 00- ~
2; "
'1
I
7
2,115,067
rearwardly extending member I64; and underly
ing portion I2 is a bevelled wall member I8 which
slopes downwardly to follow the bevelled upper
surface I9 of the underlying portion I2, as shown.
The members I‘! and I8,'together with, the ad
jacent end of the overlapping portion I3, form a
receptacle on the top surface of the underlying
portion I2 for the reception of cement or mortar,
or other binding material to bind the underlying
10 portion |2 to the overlapping portion I3 of the
adjacent element or unit.
7
'
Intermediate the wall I8 and adjacent end .of
;the overlapping portion I3 and extending from
the wall member I‘! to the visible ‘face of the
15 underlying portion I2, is a raised rib 20. The
, space between the raised rib 20 and. the adja—
or units 26 are built into, a wall, as the wall 36
illustrated in Fig. 4, is shown clearly in Fig. 5,
and is also illustrated in Fig. 1. The end of an
element or unit is positioned adjacent and par-V
allel to the end of the underlying portion 3601?
an adjacent unit, being united thereto by cement,
mortar or other binder, with the overlapping
portionof the ?rst said unit resting on top of
the Walls 3| and 32, and raised rib 33, formed on
the upper surface of the underlying portion 30 10
of the adjacent unit, the end of the overlapping
portion 28 of the ?rst said unit lying parallel to
and adjacent the end of the body 26 of the ad
jacent element or unit, and being united thereto
15
by cement, mortar, or other suitable binder. '
‘It will be understood that the channel 35 is
cent end of the overlapping portion I3 constitutes ?lled with mortar or cement, as are also the
a water seepage way which will conduct water I spaces between the body 26 and ends of the un
transversely of the structure anddown the visible
derlying portion 30 and overlapping portion 28
face of the underlying portion ‘the wall member
I ‘I. preventing any water from ?owing rearwardly
of adjoining blocks in the same course;
of the structure, as shown in Fig. 2.
The structure above described and as illus
trated in Fig.2 may be built'into the parapet
wall 2| shown in Fig. '1, where it will be noted
that the elements or units are built into a course
adjacent to the roof structure 22. In such Fig.
1, the edge of the roo?ng material 23 is positioned
in the slot or groove I4, pitch, tar, or other suit
able material being utilized to make. a water
tight joint between the roo?ng material 23' and
the elements or units. 'I'he'serrations I5 mate
,rially assist in binding the roo?ng material in
position.
'It will be noted from an inspection of Fig. 1,
that the elements or units extend throughout
35
- the width of the parapet wall 2| and therefore,
49 ‘
shown in Fig. 4, to permit bricks of the usual 25
type to appear on the outside face of the wall.
Where my invention is embodied in a coping,
it will be similar to therforms shown in Figs. 3
and 5, but the grooves or, scores 21 may be omit
ted and the top surface of the body 26 and in 30
tegral overlapping portion 28 may be bevelled
laterally outward from the longitudinal ridge.
While I have described the preferred embodi
ments of my invention in detail, it is to be under
stood that the showing is illustrative only, and 35
I am not to be limited, other than as pointed out
in the appended claims.
.
‘
‘
any water that seeps downwardly through the
wall 2| will encounter the course of elements .or
units and the water will ?nd its way into the
body, an overlapping member extending out
water seepage ways above described and will be
wardly therefrom at one end "thereof, an under
led to the inside face of the wall 2| and thence
onto the roof structure 22, from which it will flow
to the usual gutters.
j 45 In Fig. 1, the ordinary brick under the rear
ward extensions |6a of the overlapping portions
I3 and the underlying portions I2 is designated
by the reference character 24. When built into
the parapet wall 2|, the elements or units of my
present
invention are indistinguishable from the
50
' ordinary brick of the'wall.
In Fig. 3 is illustrated a ?ashing brick or tile
of my present inventionadapted for use in con
structing a parapet wall. In this ?gure, 26 ‘desig
hates the body of approximately two bricks thick
and provided with the groove or score 21 to give
the element or unit the appearance of twoordi
nary bricks. Formed integral with the body and
extending outwardly therefrom is an overlapping
Also formed integral with
the body 26 and extending outwardly therefrom
in a direction oppositeto the overlapping portion
60 portion 28, as shown.
28, is an underlying portion 3|]. ' On the top sur
face of the underlying portion 30 and at the rear.
thereof, as shown in Fig. 3, isa bevelled upstand
7'65. ing
wall 3|. Attached to the wall 3| and located
at the end-‘face of the underlying portions 3|], is
a wall 32; On the upper face of the underlying
portion 30' is a raised rib 33 which lies parallel to
7:0
'
Ordinarily the elements or, units shown in Figs.
3, 4 and 5 are built as wide as the wall 36, but
where the wall 36 is extra wide, if desired, the ~
elements or units may be built with a step 39, as
but ‘spaced apart from the wall 32 and adjacent
face. of the‘ element or unit. 26.
There is thus
j formed on the upper face of the underlying por
I claim:
'
>
' 1. An improved ?ashing brickcomprising, a
.40.
lying member extending outwardly therefrom at
the opposite end, and a water seepage way formed
on the upper surface of the underljn'ng member.
2. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a 45
body, an overlapping member extending outward
ly therefrom at one end thereof, an underlying
member extending outwardly therefrom at the
opposite end, and a seepage way formed on the
upper surface of the underlying member and
extending transversely of'the body.
3. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a’
body, an overlapping memberv extending out
wardly, therefrom at one end thereof, an under
lying. member extendingoutwardly therefrom at 55
the opposite end, a‘ water seepage way formed on
the upper surface of the underlying member,
and extending transversely of' the body, and a
damrat one side of the underlying member for
preventing movement of water in the 1water
seepage way onto said side.
60 ..
.
.4. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, ‘a ‘
body, an overlapping member‘ extending out->
wardly therefrom at one end thereof, anunder:
lying member extending outwardly therefrom at 65
the opposite end, a dam'at one side of the under- ‘
lying member, a damrat the end of theunder
lying member remote from the body and of less
height than the ?rst said dam, and a dam on
the upper surface of the?underlying' member
spaced from the second said dam and the adja
cent end of the body dividing'the upperwsurface
tion 30 a water seepage channelor way34, and a . of the underlying member into a‘bonding mate
rial receiving bed and a Water seepage way ex-f
' cement receivingchannel'35.
The manner in which a plurality of elements
tending'transversely of the underlying member.
3
2,115,067
5. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a
body, an overlapping member extending out
wardly therefrom at one end thereof, an under
lying member extending outwardly therefrom at
the opposite end, a dam at one side of the under
lying member, a dam at the end of the under
lying member remote from the body and of less
height than the ?rst said dam, a dam on the
upper surface of the underlying member spaced
10 from the second said dam and the adjacent end
of the body and dividing the upper surface of the
underlying member into a bonding material re
ceiving bed and a water seepage way extending
transversely of the underlying member, and a
15 roo?ng material receiving recess formed in the
body and underlying member.
6. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a
body, an overlapping member extending out
wardly therefrom at one end thereof, an under
20
lying member extending outwardly therefrom at
the opposite end, a dam at one side of the under
lying member, a dam at the end of the under
lying member remote from the body and of less
height than the ?rst said dam, a dam on the
25 upper surface of, the underlying member spaced
from the‘ second said dam and the adjacent end
of the body and dividing the upper surface of the
underlying member into a bonding material re
ceiving bed and a water seepage way extending
30 transversely of the underlying member, and a
roo?ng material receiving recess formed in the
body and underlying member and extending up
wardly and inwardly of the said body and under
lying member from the lower edges thereof.
35
7. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a
body of substantially twice the height of an ordi
nary brick, a dividing groove formed therein to
similate the bond between two superposed bricks
and dividing the body into an upper and lower
40 part, an overlying member formed integral with
the upper part of the body and extending out
wardly from one end thereof, an underlying
member formed integral with the lower part of
the body and at the end thereof remote from the
overlying member, and a Water seepage way
formed on the upper surface of the underlying
member and extending transversely thereof.
8. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a
body of substantially twice the height of an ordi
nary brick, a dividing groove formed therein to 10
similate the bond between two superposed bricks
and dividing the body into an upper and a lower
part, on overlying member formed integral with
the upper part of the body and extending out
wardly from one end thereof, an underlying
member formed integral with the lower part of _
the body and at the end thereof remote from the
overlying member, a water seepage way formed
on the upper surface of the underlying member
and extending transversely thereof, and‘ means 20
for permitting flow of water in said seepage way
in one direction only.
9. An improved ?ashing brick comprising, a
body of substantially twice the height of an ordi
nary brick, a dividing groove formed therein to 25
similate the bond between two superposed bricks
and dividing the body into an upper and a lower
part, an overlying member formed integral with
the upper part of the body and extending out
wardly from one end thereof, an underlying 30
member formed integral with the lower part of
the body and at the end thereof remote from the
overlying member, a water seepage way formed
on the upper surface of the underlying member
and extending transversely thereof, means for 35
permitting flow of water in said seepage way in
one direction only, and a top for, said seepage
way formed of the overlying member of the next
adjacent ?ashing brick.
GEORGE FINK.
40
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
545 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа