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Патент USA US2115118

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April 26, 1938.
H. NEUREITER ET AL
2,115,118
CASH REGISTER, ACCOUNTING, AND THE LIKE MACHINE
Filed Sept. 18, 1936
3 Sheets—$heet 1
3nnentor
Hubert Neureiter and
Helhmt Berning
nyléwe/ M
Their (lttorneg
April 26, 1938.
_
H.’ NEUREITER ET AL
2,115,118
CASH REGISTER, ACCOUNTING, AND THE LIKE MACHINE
Filed Sept. 18, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Emaentor
Hubert Neureiter and
Helmut Berning
B
Their‘ (Ittorneg
> April 26, 1938.
H. NEUREITER ET AL
'
2,115,118
CASH REGISTER, ACCOUNTING, vAND THE LIKE MACHINE
Filed Sept. 18, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
FIG. 11
70
Enneutor
Hubert Neureiter and
Helmut Berning
By
Their (Ittorneg
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
2,115,118
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,115,118
CASH REGISTER, ACCOUNTING, AND THE
LIKE MACHINE
Hubert Neureiter and Helmut Berning, Essen On
the-Ruhr, Germany, assignors to The National
Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio, a cor
poration of Maryland
Application September 18, 1936, Serial No. 101,458
In Germany December 19, 1931
15 Claims.
The invention relates to cash registers, ac
counting and the like machines having at least
one row of interspersed totalizers cooperating
with a common differential mechanism, of which
5 totalizers preferably one is a multiple item total
izer, and another a grand totalizer, and more par
ticularly to the selection and the engagement of
several totalizers, including the multiple item
totalizer and the grand totalizer, during the same
10 amount entering machine operation.
Thus the main object of the invention is to
enable simultaneous engagement of several to
talizers of the same row during a machine oper
15
ation.
Another object of the invention is to adapt the
differential mechanism for such simultaneous en
gagement of several totalizers.
Still another object of the invention is to adapt
the totalizer selection and engagement control
Fig. 13 shows the same device after tens carry
ing is performed.
Fig. 14 shows a portion of the tens carrying 5
device after being restored.
The illustrative machine is equipped with the
invented device and has two totalizers, viz: a
grand totalizer accumulating all amounts entered
into the machine and a sub-totalizer, or multiple
totalizers were mounted on different shafts due
to the fact that, in case of necessity, they had to
be operated commonly, but according to the pres
Another object of the invention is to adapt a
tens carrying device to cooperate as well with one
to a gear II’ of same diameter by means of a
hub (Fig. 2) . At each side of each pair of gears
selection of one or several totalizers of a row at
a time for and during a machine operation.
Another object of the invention is to provide
for tens carrying in a machine operation with
10
item accumulator, which, upon depression of a
multiple-item key, can optionally be brought into
engagement for accumulating any series of items
of a multiple-item transaction. Heretofore, such
one or several totalizers of a row engaged.
eral totalizers during amount entering.
Another object of the invention is to provide
totalizer selecting means which enable optional
as with several totalizers of a row engaged.
II, II’, there are provided angular levers I2, I2’
Further objects of the invention will be pointed
out in the following detailed description with
reference to the annexed drawings.
pivotally mounted on shaft I3. The levers are
fast on hubs supported on shaft I3, said hubs
extending into the hub of the pairs of gears II,
II’. The levers are normally held in a set posi- 35
tion by a mechanism to be described hereinafter.
A preferred form of an embodiment of the in
vention is shown in the annexed drawings.
Of said drawings:
Fig. l is a side View of a totalizer row with one
totalizer engaged and another one not engaged.
Fig. la is a view of a portion of Fig. 1 to a
larger scale.
Fig. 2 is a section along line- II-—II of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a front View of the totalizer selecting
r device.
Fig. 4 is a transverse section through the select
ing device.
_ '
Fig. 5 is a side view of the motor key bank.
Fig. 6 is a side view of the multiple-item key
50 bank.
Figs. 7, 8, and 9 show the selecting and engag
ing means in different positions.
Fig. 10 is a side view of the motor key bank
‘ with the mode of operation control means.
55
Fig. 12 is a side View of the tens carrying device
ready for carrying.
ent invention, they are located in one and the
same totalizer row, the adding wheels thereof
being mounted one close to another by denomi
national orders.
The amount differentials I 0, of each denomi
national order, are moved during each operation
of the machine, ?rst in counter-clockwise direc
tion and then in clockwise direction a distance
depending on the amount being entered. Each
differential I0 is permanently engaged with a gear
II (Fig. 1). Each gear II is rigidly connected
20 means for such simultaneous engagement of sev
40
(Cl. 235-6)
Fig. 11 is a section along line XI—XI of Fig. l0.
Intermediate wheels I5, I5’ are supported by pins
I4, I4’ of the angular levers I2, I2’ respectively
(Figs. 1 and 2). The intermediate wheels I5, I5’
are constantly in mesh with gears I I, I I’ respec
tively, so that the movements of the di?erential
member ID of any denominational order are uni~
formly transmitted to the appropriate intermedi
ate wheels I5, I5’. Further, the intermediate
wheels I5, I5’, with the di?erential members I0,
and II, II’ remaining stationary, are capable of
performing a movement the same as planetary
wheels, the said movement being transmitted to
shafts I4, I4’ by means of tens carrying levers
and intermediate levers I2, I2’ as will be de 50
scribed later on. If tens carrying is done directly
on the adding wheels, instead of through the
wheels I5, I5’, the sets of wheels I5, I5’ may be
omitted and a roll extending through the width
of the adding wheels may be provided. This roll 55
2,115,118
2
is an expedient means for use between overflow
wheels of the totalizers. Adding wheels l6 and
I6’ of the grand totalizer and the multiple-item
totalizer, respectively, are mounted opposite the
intermediate wheels l5 and I5’, each adding wheel
l6 facing an intermediate wheel 85 and each wheel
l5’ a wheel 55’. The adding wheels l6, l5’ are
pivotally carried by studs I? and ll’ of rock levers.
I8 and H3’ respectively. All the rock levers l8,
10 l8’ are alternately mounted on .a common shaft
20. The said levers are pivotally mounted on
shaft 25 (Figs. 1, 3) and are retained against lat
eral shifting movement thereon. The levers are
normally held, in a manner described hereinafter
15 in detail, so positioned that the adding wheels
it, it’ are out of mesh with the intermediate
wheels l5, l5’.
Shaft 2| slidably mounted in the side frames
of the machine has fastened thereto coupling arms
22 (Figs. 1, 3) in number one more than denomi
national orders are provided. Interspersed with
these coupling arms 22, there is provided, loosely
mounted on shaft 2 I, a series of locking levers 23,
no space being left between the said levers and
25 the arms. The levers 23 have downwardly ex
tending arms straddling a stationary shaft 24.
The locking levers are, accordingly, shifted to
gether with the shaft 2| and locking arms 22,
but are locked by shaft 24 against rotation about
30 shaft 2|.
The other arms of the locking levers
23 lie, with the machine in rest, flush in the same
plane as the coupling arms 22, so that the forked
ends of the coupling and locking arms 22, 23
form an uninterrupted straight guiding groove.
35 The latter is engaged by the rounded off ends of
the arms of the rock levers l8, l3’ whereby the
adding wheels l5, l6’ are prevented from mesh
ing with the intermediate wheels |5,. Hi’. The
shaft 20 carries locking pawls 25, 96’, each thereof
located aside of one of the rock levers l8, l8’, the
said locking pawls having noses entering the op
posed gaps between the teeth of the adding wheels
H5, H5’ to lock the said wheels. Upon rocking the
rock levers l8, H3’ in counter-clockwise direction,
45 in a manner described hereinafter in detail, a
stop bar 98 carried by the framework of the ma
chine prevents the locking pawls 95, 95’ from
taking part in this rocking movement so that their
locking noses release the adding wheels I6, l6’
50 after they have been engaged with the interme
diate wheels l5, if)’.
The shaft 2| carries a sleeve 28 unshiftably
mounted between two spacing collars (Figs. 3
and 4), the said sleeve having secured thereto
55 an arm 29 with a forked end straddling across
shaft 30, whereby said sleeve is prevented from
rotation. The sleeve 23 has fastened thereto a
roller 3| traveling in the circumferential cam
groove 32a, of a drum 32 which is pivotally but
60 unshiftably mounted on shaft 30. The said drum
has ?xed thereto a bevel gear 33 meshing with
a rotating bevel gear 34 on a pivot 35 fast to
shaft 30. The rotating bevel gear 34 meshes also
with a bevel gear 35 loosely mounted on shaft 3|)
65 and rigidly connected to a gear sector 31. The
latter meshes with the internal gear of a gear
element 33 fast to shaft 39 (Figs. 4 and 5). The
shaft 39 carries also an arm 4|a, connected by
means of a link 4|! to a moving slide 4! pivoted
70 on the motor key bank. The motor key bank
comprises three keys £52, 43, 44 for “Adding”,
“Read” and “Reset”, the said keys having pins
cooperating with slide 45 in such a manner that
. the latter is not moved when the “Add” key is
75 depressed, but shifted downward to an equal
extent when either total-taking key 43, 44 is de
pressed and the bevel gear 35 is rotated by the
gear sector 31, both of said elements being moved
through equal angles in both cases. If at this
time the bevel gear 34 is prevented from rotating
about shaft 30, the drum 32 is rotated through
an angle of the same degree as gear 35. Further,
the shaft 30 carries a gear sector 46 meshing with
the gear sector 41 loosely mounted on shaft 39
(Figs. 4 and 6) . Sector 41 is connected by means 10
of a link 48 to a. slide 49 associated with the key
bank comprising the multiple-item key to serving
as a means for engaging the multiple-item total
izer. The pin of the multiple-item key cooper
ates with an inclined surface of the slide 49 in 15
such a manner that the latter is moved down~
ward upon depressing the multiple-item. key, at
which time the sector 41 is rocked in counter
clockwise dire'ction. The sector 45 transmits this
motion of the sector 4'! to the shaft 35 whereby 20
the bevel wheel 34 is given a rotating movement
through a certain angle. With the bevel wheel
35 remaining stationary this rotating motion
causes the drum 32 to rotate in the same direc
tion of rotation but through an angle twice as 25
great as that of ‘bevel wheel 34. Depression of
either total-taking motor key 43 or 44, as well
as the multiple-item key 53, through gears 33,
34, and 35, rotates the drum 32 three steps.
The cam groove 32a, is so shaped that, with
the machine in rest, that is, if either total key
43, 44 or the multiple-item key 56 have not been
depressed, the coupling arms 22 fast on shaft 26
embrace the rock levers l8 carrying the adding
Wheels I6 of the grand totalizer, while the rock
levers l8’, carrying the adding wheels I6’ of the
multiple-item totalizer, are held by the stationary
locking arms 23 as shown in Fig. 3.
The shaft 2| carries an arm 54 (Fig. 10) rigid
ly mounted thereon, but in such a way it is not
compelled to take part in the lateral movements
of the shaft 2|, the said arm 54 being connected
to» one arm of a coupling lever 51. The coupling
lever 51 is pivoted on the middle shaft 58 of the
machine and carries three coupling pawls 6|}, 6|, 45
62, each one thereof being connected by means
of a slot and pin connection to a motor key 43,
42, 44 in such a way that upon depressing the
respective motor key, the respective pawl is rocked
inwardly. A stud 63 of the motor key bank 50
(Figs. 10, 11) supports a mode of operation cam
disk 61 with a cam groove 61a», and a stud 64 sup
ports a twin mode of operation cam disk 65, 66
with a cam groove 65a on the right-hand side,
and a cam groove 66a on the left hand side. Each
mode of operation control cam disk 55, 56, 8'5 is
provided with teeth to mesh with a gear‘ 68
whereby the said disk is given a full revolution
during a machine operation. The cam grooves 55a,
66a, 67a of these disks‘ are each engaged by a roller
10a.‘ of a pitman if). The pitmans are bifurcated
at one end to straddle and be guided by the re
spective studs 63, 64, and have their other ends
linked to the arms of the related angular levers
1| , ‘I2, 13.
The latter are pivoted on studs T4
of the motor key bank and are provided with
pins ‘Hal, 12a, and 13a respectively, normally op
posite the recesses of the appropriate coupling
pawls 60, 6|, 62 respectively. The cam grooves
65a, 66a, 61a are so shaped that upon rotation 70
of the cam groove disks, said grooves cause their
respective angular levers ‘l I, 72, ‘£3 to rock first in
clockwise direction and then in counter-clockwise
direction.
The cam grooves of the individual
disks 65, 66, 61, however, are arranged relatively 75
2,115,118
to one another, so that rocking the angular levers
is timed in accordance with the operations of
the machine.
By depressing any motor key 42, 43, 44 the re
spe'ctive pawl 60, 6|, or 62 is engaged with the
pin ‘Ha, 12a, 13w of the respective angular lever
'll, 12, or 13 respectively, whereby the coupling
lever 51 is coupled with the respective mode of
operation disk 85, 66, or 61 and is rocked ?rst in
10 clockwise and then in counter-clockwise direc
tion upon operation of the machine at the times
determined thereby.
The rocking movement of the coupling lever
51 is transmitted to_ the coupling shaft 2| by
15 means of the pulling rod 55 and the arm 54 where
by the coupling arms 22 of the said shaft swing
the rock arms I8, l8’, engaged with said arms
at the time, in such a way that the selected add
ing wheels l6, l6’ are moved into engagement
20 with the intermediate wheels l5, l5’. According
to Whether the coupling arms 22 embrace the one
only, or both the groups of rock arms I 8, l 8’, the
one totalizer only, or both totalizers are coupled
with the intermediate wheels I5, l5’ and with the
differential members 10 respectively.
As the two totalizers of this row contain differ
ent totals, it may occur, when both the totalizers
are operated simultaneously, that in some do
. nominationai orders the adding Wheel of the one
30 totalizer passes from "9” to "0”, while the adding
wheel of the other totalizer does not do so. For
this reason, two tens transfer mechanisms, oper
ating simnultaneously, are provided, as will now
35
be described.
Each adding wheel N5 of the grand totalizer
has closely arranged thereto a disk with a tens
carrying tooth 75 (Figs. 1 and 2) capable of co
operating with tooth 16 of a tens carrying pinion
11' when the adding wheel passes from “9” to “0”.
40 The tens carrying pinion 11 is pivoted on a sta
tionary shaft 18 and is provided with a laterally
extending pin 19 engaging a recess 8| of a rock
lever 82. The bail shaped rock lever 82 is mount—
ed on shaft 88 and its other arm 84 carries a pin
45 85' engaging the forked end of the angular lever
12 of the next higher denominational order. The
opening 8|, cooperating with the shaft 18 and the
pin ‘I9 of the tens carrying pinion, is so shaped
that the lever 82 cannot be rocked with the pinion
50 T! in rest position shown in Figs. 1 and 1a. There
by also the angular lever 12 carrying the inter
mediate wheel 15 of the next higher denomina
tional order, is held in its rest position. Now it,
while an amount is entered, an adding wheel l6
55 of the engaged totalizer passes from “9” to “0”,
the tens carrying tooth 15 rotates the tens carry
ing pinion 11 in counter-clockwise direction (Fig.
12) by 45 degrees, during which rotation the pin
19 is sweeping along a surface, concentric with
60 shaft 18, of the opening 8| without rocking out
the lever 82. At this time the tooth 92 of the
tens carrying pinion comes into the path of the
teeth 88, 89 of a stepped disk 81 secured to a
shaft 85 which is oscillatorily driven. After the
65 tens carrying has been prepared, the shaft 86 is
given a part rotation in clockwise direction, at
which time the two teeth 88, 89 of the stepped
disk 81, secured to this shaft, rotate the pinion
Ti in counter-clockwise direction by 90 degrees.
70 At this time the pin 19 rocks the lever 82 in clock
wise direction, the latter rocking, in its turn, the
angular‘ lever l2 in counter-clockwise direction
whereby the intermediate wheel l5, like a plane
tary wheel rolls down the gear II, which is held
75 stationary at this time, and advances by one unit
3
the adding wheel l6 of next higher denomina
tional order (Fig. 13). Thereupon the locking
disk 94 passes beneath the wide tooth 85 of the
tens carrying pinion locking it against rotation in
clockwise direction. After the tens carrying has
been completed, the totalizer becomes disengaged
and the shaft 86 is turned back in counter-clock
wise direction beyond its initial position (Fig. 14).
At this time the teeth 88, 89 of the stepped disk
81 turn back the tens carrying pinion 11 by 90 10
degrees, and the tooth 90 of a reversing disk 9|
causes a further back rotation by 45 degrees, so
that the tens carrying pinion ‘l1 regains its ini
tial position. At this time the pin 18 rocks the
lever 82 back, whereby also the planetary wheel
carrier I2 with the planetary wheel I5 is restored.
Thereupon the shaft 86 is turned back in clock
wise direction to initial position, so that the parts
are positioned as shown in Fig. 1, however, both
totalizers being disengaged.
The other totalizer 16' of this row is provided
with like tens carrying elements referred to by
the same reference numerals with prime marks
(’) added thereto. In order to effect tens carry
ing from any denominational order of the one 25
totalizer to the next higher order of the same
totalizer, in spite of the fact that an order of the
other totalizer is lying in between two denomina
tional orders of the other totalizers, the bails 83
and 83’ of the rock levers 82 and 82' are alter 30
nated, so that none thereof hampers the move
ment of the other lever (Figs. 1 and 2).
The operation of the device described is as fol
lows:-—
(1) During an adding operation of the machine
for entering a single item, the adding motor key
n.
42 is depressed, but not the multiple-item key 50.
Due thereto, the cam groove drum 32 is not ro
tated and, in connection therewith, the coupling
shaft 2| is not shifted laterally from its rest posi 40
tion (Fig. 3). At this time the coupling arms 22
engage the rock arms 18 carrying the adding
wheels I6 of the grand totalizer, while the rock
arms 18’ of the multiple-item totalizer 16’ remain
connected to the locking arms 23, and the locking
pawls 85, 96’ hold the adding wheels l6, l6’
against unintentional rotation. Upon depression
of the adding motor key 42, by engaging the cou
pling pawl 60 (Fig. 10) the coupling lever 5'! is
connected with the cam groove disk 65 for “add
ing” which, now, rocks clockwisely the shaft 2|
before the amount differential elements 10 are
restored, and thereby rocks the swing levers l8
embraced by the coupling arms 22, so that the
adding wheels [6 of the grand totalizer are en~
gaged with the pertinent intermediate wheels 15
during the restoration of the amount differential
means 18 (Fig. 1). If, during the entry of an
amount, some adding wheels l6 pass from “9” to
“0”, the tens carrying pinion T7 is rocked 45
degrees in counter-clockwise direction (Fig. 12).
Thereby the ?rst tooth 82 of the tens carrying
pinion comes into the path of the teeth 88, 89
of the stepped disk 8?, so that upon the subse
quent clockwise rotation of shaft 86, the pinion
TI is rotated further in counter-clockwise direc
tion by 90 degrees by means of these teeth (Fig.
13). When this occurs, the lateral extending pin
19 of the pinion 'l'! rocks the bail-shaped lever
82 in clockwise direction and thereby the plane
tary wheel carrier l2 of next higher denomina
tional order in counter-clockwise direction. Dur
ing this movement, the intermediate wheel I5,
acting as a planetary wheel, rolls down the gear
H, the latter being stationary at this time, and
(if)
2,115,118
4
causes thereby the respective adding wheel Hi to
be advanced by one unit. The rotation of the
shaft 2| by the cam groove 65a (Figs. 10, 11)
causes the grand totalizer to be disengaged. It is
not necessary to restore shaft 2| since it was not
moved out of its normal position during this ma
chine operation. After the tens carrying elements
have been restored to normal positions when the
multiple-item totalizer, after being reset, is dis
engaged by the shaft 21 when being turned back.
teeth 88, 89, and 9!! become operative while the
10 shaft 86 is turned back by the disks 81 and 9!
(Fig. 14), all the parts are again in normal posi
tions.
(2) For entering an amount of a multiple
item transaction, the grand totalizer as well as
15 the multiple-item totalizer 16' has to be operated
and, therefore, the multiple-item key 50 and the
adding key 42 are depressed. By depressing the
multiple-item key 5!] the cam groove drum 32
(Fig. 3) is turned two steps and the shaft 2! is
moved accordingly two steps to the left, which
causes the coupling arms E2 to embrace the
swing arms l8, l8’ of both totalizers (Fig. 8).
Depressing the adding motor key 42 causes the
coupling lever 51 to be connected with the mode
of operation disk 65, so that the adding wheels
l6, l6’ of the two selected totalizers are dis
engaged from the intermediate Wheels i5, i5’
during the restoration of the amount differential
elements If). If, during entry of an amount one
30 adding wheel IE, it’ of each totalizer passes from
“9” to “0”, each of the tens carrying actions
prepared thereby is transferred to the adding
wheels l6, iii’ of next higher denominational
order of the respective totalizer by means of
either tens carrying mechanism operating sepa
rately from the other. After the two totalizers
have again been disengaged by shaft 2!, the said
shaft and the tens carrying elements are re
stored to normal.
40
(3) To take a sub-total, or total from the grand
totalizer IE, only the respective total taking key
43 or 44 has to be depressed, whereby the shaft
2| is shifted by one unit to the left, in which
position its coupling arms 22 embrace the rock
45 levers l8 (Fig. '7). Upon depression of either
total-taking key 43 or 44, the coupling lever 5'?
is coupled with the respective mode of operation
cam disk 66 or 6'! (Fig. 10), so that the shaft 2!
with its coupling arms 22 is rocked out before
50 the differential elements iii are set, and the
adding wheels E6 of the grand totalizer are
brought into mesh with the intermediate wheels
15 (Fig. 1). The adding wheels l6 are rotated
in a direction reverse to the additive direction
55 by the differentials l0 until the tens teeth 15,
engaging the tens teeth ‘iii of the pinions 11, ar
rest the adding wheels IS in their zero positions.
In connection therewith, the grand totalizer is
disengaged after the differential elements have
60 either been set or restored to normal positions
according to whether key 43 or key 44 has been
depressed.
(4) To reset the multiple-item totalizer It’, the
motor key 44, and in addition, the multiple-item
key 50 have to be depressed, whereby the cam
groove 32 is caused to rotate and, in connection
therewith, the coupling shaft 2! is shifted three
steps (Fig. 9). At this time the coupling arms
22 engage only the rock arms l8’ e?ecting, when
70 the shaft H is rotated, the engagement between
the adding wheels it" of the multiple-item total
izer and the intermediate wheels l5’ and the
differential elements Ill respectively. As, upon
depressing the motor key 44, the lever 51 is con
nected
with the mode of operation disk 61, the
75
While the form of mechanism herein shown
and described is admirably adapted to ful?ll the
object primarily stated, it is to be understood
that it is not intended to con?ne the invention
to the one form or embodiment herein disclosed,
for it is susceptible of embodiment in various
forms, all coming within the scope of the claims
10
which follow:—
What is claimed is:
1. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of interspersed total
izers, a single set of actuators for the totalizers
non-shiftable in a lateral direction, a pivoted
member to carry each digit wheel of the total
izers, said pivoted members being movable about
their pivots only, the digit wheels being non
shiftable in a lateral direction in relation to the
actuators, and means to rock the members about 20
their pivot points to connect all of the inter
spersed totalizers with the actuators for an adding
operation of the machine.
2. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of interspersed total 25
izers, a single set of actuators for the totalizers,
a pivoted member to carry each digit wheel of
the totalizers, means coacting with the pivoted
members to move the pivoted members about
their pivot points, and means to laterally shift 30,
said means to select the pivoted members of
one or more of the totalizers, whereby one or
more of the totalizers are connected with the
single set of actuators for an adding operation of
35
the machine.
3. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a multiple item totaiizer and a
grand totalizer interspersedly arranged in a
single row; actuating mechanism constructed
for simultaneous cooperation with both total
izers; means for shiftably mounting the total
izers for simultaneous or individual engagement
with the actuating mechanism; and variably
shiftable means selectively cooperable with the
totalizer mountings to determine which of the 45
totalizers shall engage the actuating mechanism.
4. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a row of interspersed totalizers;
differential mechanism constructed for simul
taneous cooperation with every one of said total
izers; means for mounting said totalizers for in»
dividual movement to engage the differential
mechanism; means selectively engageable with
one or more of said totalizer mountings; means
to adjust the selectively engageable means to 55
cause its selective engagement with one or more
of said totalizer mountings; and means to operate
the selectively engageable means to cause it to
move the totalizer or totalizers whose mountings
are engaged by the selective means, into engage 60
ment with the differential means.
5. In a machine operable to perform a plu
rality of types of machine operations, the com
bination of a row of interspersed. totalizers; dif~
ferential mechanism constructed for simultaneous 65
cooperation with said totalizers; means for
mounting the totalizers for individual engage~
ment with the differential mechanism; means
selectively cooperable with the totalizer mount
ings for selecting one or more of the totalizers
for engagement with the differential mechanism;
means to adjust the selective means so that it
cooperates with the mountings for one or more
of the totalizers; a ?rst means to operate the
adjusting means in a certain type of operation
2,115,118
to cause the selective means to cooperate with
the mountings for a plurality of the totalizers;
and a second means to operate the adjusting
means in certain other types of operation to
cause the selective means to cooperate with the
mounting of only one of said totalizers.
6. In a machine, adapted to perform a plurality
of types of operations, the combination of a row
of interspersed totalizers; ‘differential mechanism
10 cooperable with said totalizers; means for sup
porting said totalizers for individual movement to
engage the differential mechanism; laterally
shiftable means selectively cooperable with the
both of the manipulative devices are operated
vtogether.
10. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a row of interspersed totalizers in
cluding a multiple item totalizer and a grand to
talizer; differential mechanism including a
toothed setting member for each order of the to
talizers, means driven by said setting member and
10
associated with each of the totalizers, and a plu
rality of pinions meshing with said driven means;
means for mounting the totalizers to enable the
totalizers to be separately shifted into engage~
totalizer supporting means to select the totalizers
for engagement with the differential mechanism;
a plurality of manipulative control devices; and
ment with the pinions; means selectively engage
means operated by one of said manipulative con
totalizers; means for adjusting the selective
trol devices to shift the laterally shiftable means
to select a plurality of the totalizers for engage
20 ment with the differential mechanism in one type
of operation and said means also being operated
by other of said manipulative devices to select
one of the totalizers for engagement with the
differential mechanism in other types of opera
25 tions.
7 . In a machine of the class described, the com
bination of a row of interspersed totalizers in
cluding a multiple item totalizer and a grand to
talizer; actuating mechanism constructed for
30 simultaneous engagement by said totalizers;
means so supporting the totalizers as to enable
them to be separately moved into engagement
with the actuating mechanism; adjustable means
simultaneously cooperable with the supporting
means for the multiple item totalizer and the
grand totalizer to select these totalizers for en
gagement with the actuating mechanism; means
to adjust the adjustable means so that it selects
both totalizers; and means to operate the ad
'40 justed means to simultaneously move the selected
totalizers into engagement with the actuating
mechanism during a multiple item entering oper
ation.
8. In a machine of the class described, the com
bination of a multiple item totalizer and a grand
totalizer interspersedly arranged in a single row;
differential mechanism formed for simultaneous
cooperation with both of said totalizers; means
for supporting the totalizers for individual move
50 ment toward said differential mechanism; means
shiftable to a plurality of positions to selectively cooperate with one or both of said totalizer
supporting means; a multiple item key; means
operated by the key to shift the shiftable means
to a position in which it cooperates with both to
talizer supports; and means to thereafter operate
the shiftable means to move both totalizers simul
taneously into engagement with the differential
mechanism.
60
5
0nd device is operated alone and cooperates with
the multiple item totalizer support alone when
9. In a machine of the class speci?ed, the com
bination of a row of interspersed totalizers in
cluding a multiple item totalizer and a grand
totalizer; differential mechanism formed for
simultaneous cooperation with said totalizers;
' means for supporting said totalizers for individual
engagement with the differential mechanism; a
shiftable means selectively cooperable with the
supporting means for either or both of said total
izers; a ?rst manipulative device; a second manip
70 ulative device; and means operated by either or
both of said devices to variously shift the shift
able means so that it cooperates with both total
izer supporting means when the first manipulative
device is operated alone and cooperates with the
grand totalizer supporting means when the sec
able with the mounting means for each of said
15
means to engage either or both of the means for
mounting said totalizers to select the totalizers
for engagement with the pinions; and means for
operating the selective means, after it has been
adjusted, to shift the selected totalizers into en
gagement with the pinions.
11. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of interspersed total 25
izers; a plurality of pivoted members, one to carry
each digit wheel of the totalizers; a single sup
port upon which the members are pivoted; a sin
gle set of actuators common to said totalizers;
means selectively engageable with the pivoted 30
members; means to engage the last-mentioned
means with the pivoted members for one or more
of the totalizers; and means to operate the said
last-mentioned means, after it has engaged the
members, to rock the engaged members to move 35
the digit wheels carried by the members into en
gagement with the actuators.
12. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of interspersed total
izers; a plurality of pivoted members, one to
carry each digit wheel of the totalizers; a single
support upon which the members are pivoted; a
projection on each of the members; a single set of
actuators for said totalizers; means shiftable to a
plurality of positions to selectively engage the pro
jections on the members for one or more of the
totalizers,; means to shift the last-mentioned
means to a position to engage the projections for
more than one of the totalizers; and means to
operate the shiftable means to cause the members
whose projections are engaged by the shiftable
means, to pivot about their support and carry the
digit wheels into engagement with the set of actu
ators.
13. In a machine of the class described, the 55
combination of a row of interspersed totalizers;
differential mechanism formed for simultaneous‘
engagement by the totalizers of said row; totalizer
supporting means individual to each totalizer to
enable the totalizers to be shifted individually to
engage the differential mechanism; means shift
able different extents and selectively cooperable
with the supporting means for the totalizers to
select one or more of the totalizers for engage
ment with the differential mechanism; a plurality 65
of manipulative control devices; shifting means
for said shiftable means operated different extents
‘by certain of said devices when they are operated
alone and also operable another extent by a joint
operation of said devices; and means for operating
the shiftable means, after it has been shifted by
the devices, to move the selected totalizers into
engagement with the differential mechanism.
14. In a machine operable to perform amount
entering and total taking machine operations, the
6
‘2,115,118
combination of a multiple item totalizer and a
grand totalizer interspersedly arranged in a single
row; differential mechanism including a plurality
of toothed setting members, one common to each
order of the totalizers, toothed wheels equal in
number to the number of totalizers driven by
each settable member, and pinions meshing with
said toothed wheels; means for individually sup
porting the totalizers for separate movement into‘
engagement with the pinions; laterally shiftable
means to selectively engage one or both of the
totalizer supporting means to select the totalizers
for engagement with the pinions; means to shift
the laterally shiftable means to cause it to selec
15 tively engage both of the totalizer supporting
means in certain amount entering operations and
either of the totalizer supporting means in cer
tain total taking operations; and means to rock
the laterally shiftable engaging means to thereby
20 move the selected totalizer or totalizers into en
gagement with the pinions.
15. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a row of interspersed totalizers in
cluding a multiple item totalizer and a
25 grand totalizer; differential mechanism includ
ing toothed setting members associated with the
totalizers of said row, toothed Wheels driven by
said setting members, and pinions meshing with
the toothed wheels; individual means for mount
ing said multiple item totalizer and said grand
totalizer for separate engagement with the
pinions; a member settable to three positions and
having means thereon selectively engageable with
the totalizer mountings so that in one position of
the member the means thereon will engage the
mounting for the multiple item totalizer, in
another position the means thereon will engage
the mounting for the grand totalizer, and in 1O
another position the means thereon will engage
both totalizer mountings; an add key; a total
key; a multiple item key; means operated by the
multiple item key to move the member so that the
means thereon engages both mountings and oper
ated by the total key to move the member so that
the means thereon engages the mounting for the
grand totalizer and operated by the joint opera
tion of the multiple item key and the total key to
move the member so‘ that the means thereon en
gages the mounting for the, multiple item totalizer;
and means for rocking the member to move the
totalizers, whose mountings are engaged by the
means on the member, into engagement with the
pinions.
HUBERT NEUREITER.
HELMUT BERNING.
20
25
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