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Патент USA US2115218

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ADI‘? 26, 1938~
Filed Dec. 20. 1933
N111] I
Patented ‘Apr. 26, 1938
' 2,115,213
‘Hughes L. Siever, Keyser, W. Va.
I Application December 20, 1933, Serial No. 703,241
'9 Claims (01. 19-66)
ditions. Since this invention primarily concerns
cotton,‘ this ?ber will serve to illustrate the point
The invention relates to the application of liq
uids to textile ?bers and particularly cotton in
in view. Normally, cotton ?ber contains ap
the course of its manufacture into yarn, either
for conditioning it for such manufacture or for
5 imparting color or some other property thereto.
proximately 8%, of water. When in this ap-'
proximate condition, it is considered ideal for 5
manufacturing purposes. Due to its hygroscopic
nature it is difficult to maintain this'moisture.
Current methods of applying liquids to textile
?bers involve the use‘ of spraying devices and the
Just as the ?ber will absorb moisture under nor- .
like, and are subject to the objection that the
surfaces of the apparatus wherein the textile is
10 being worked or being handled, become wetted'
mal conditions, so will it give it up under ab
normal conditions.
For the purpose of manufacturing the raw cot
ton into spun yarn through all the processes in
a. cot n manufacturing plant, it: is ‘desirable to
keep t e ?bers at or near the normal contentof
by'the liquid and this not only interferes with
the manufacture process, slowing down produc
tion, but also represents'a waste of the liquid
amounting in some cases to a substantial loss. >
moisture, because in this, state the staple is soft, 15
pliable, and'the minimum friction results. If
it becomes dry the ?bres become brittle, break,
?are out and are uncontrollable. .In dry'cli
This invention provides a practical way to ap
ply the treating liquid so that there is no con
tactthereof with the textile apparatus and vso
that the waste referred to is avoided and better
and closer regulation made possible and other . mates nature does not provide a constant humid
'. condition and arti?cial means must be used to 20
advantages also obtained as will presently be
come apparent.‘
. humidity the plants. The variations in climatic
changes are so pronounced from day to day, that
According to this invention the treating liq
uid, which is by preference a light mineral oil of even' the best arti?cial systems of humidifying
lubricating property or a liquid not too quickly are not capable or dependable to assure thebest
25 drying, is delivered to an applicator device ‘of manufacturing conditions. Therefore, from a 25.
suitable form and transferred therefrom to the manufacturing standpoint, humidi?cation may be
cotton by the wiping action ‘of the latter thereé. considered nothing more or less than lubrication,
inasmuch as it provides a; condition of working
on as it advances into, through or from a tex
tile machine. Preferably the oil or liquid is the ?bers into yarn and since the object of this
30 wiped off by the advancing cotton as the latter invention is to-facilitate the machining of these 30
converges into a trumpet or other condensing
instrument and by that part only of the cotton
which is presently-to form the interior part or
core of the resultant delivery. Thus disposed
35 the liquid is immediately enveloped or wrapped
up in the- larger mass of unwetted ?bers where
it ‘remains until by further workings or other-'
wise it has become'spread out in andv taken up
by them, imparting to them‘ the desired prop
40 ertie's. .The amount thus applied is gauged ac
cording to the amount of stock and the ultimate
liquid percentage desired for each ?ber, and in
consequence‘ there is_no_ excess or external wet
‘delicate ?bers, the problem of lubrication falls
within this scope.
Humidity refers to the amount of water vapor
in the atmosphere.- Absolute humidity. means
the actual density of water vapor regardless of 35
its temperature'or whether or not the air is sat
‘urated. ' Relative humidity is_ the ratio of the
weight of vapor actually existing at the same ‘
temperature. Saturated air has a relative hu
midity of 100%.
To maintain a‘ relative humidity in rooms and
large cotton mills, and particularly at, the point’
the ?ber is actually throwing oil! its moisture,
ness, to wet the machinery at any stage of man'- ' as .in the drawing, intermediate roving frames,
45 ufacture and hence no difliculty in maintain
spinning frames,'is almost impossible and ?uc- ' 45
ing an [exactly constant percentage of. liquid in
the pr, uct. Though not limited to oil the in
tuations in ‘the moisture content- are constant
as I am aware in no other way can slowly or non
of this invention to displace the necessity and _
and will vary throughout the mill in spite of- all
vention is peculiarly related thereto, since so far' natural and arti?cial humidity. _ It is an object
50 vaporizing liquids 'be so ef?cientlyv applied to‘ expense of humidi?cation, by a satisfactory and 60
~ permeate textile fabrics.
‘ '
Practically all animal and vegetable ?bers are
hygroscopic and according to' their own indie
viduai characteristics 'will absorb their normal’
I 55 amounifof moisture, under'certain humid con
suitable ?xed lubricant, capable of remaining
with the ?ber throughout all the manufacturing
‘pirocesses, thus eliminating arti?cial humidi?cae"
I am awareqthat certain methods are in
2,115,218 ‘
‘for oiling the stock prior to the carding process,
but the carding process being such a close, ef
fective combing system composed'of approxi
mately 500 square feet of metallic wire,'will not
permit sui?cient amounts of a ?xed lubricant
to ‘be applied until the stock has passed the cards.
‘ Cotton manufacturers claim little or no humid
regulator and in virtue of the constant
for‘ded thereto by the ?oat-controlled supply, the
liquid ?ow into the tube can bev nicely regulated
to any predetermined number of drops per min
ute, observable in the sight tube. .“Thus a'con
stant. supply is maintained in and at. the end of -
the tube which'is constantly being wiped off by
ity is required up to the point of converting the
stock into the ?rst sli'ver, because prior to this
point manufacturing is a matter of cleaning the
?bers which immediately contact with the wetted
?ber, by, rough shaking, tumbling, beating and
loaded with the oil, but the immediate squeezirxi'h l
the ?bers as they move into the trumpet.\\, Those
end of the tube are more or less soaked and ove _ 10'
picking, whereas, the drier the stock the better
it cleans, therefore, humidity or lubrication is not
is followed also by vthat of the coiler-head rolls
considered essential and is avoided more or less.
tends to distribute such'oil, thus immediately
e?ect of the trumpet and calender rolls 3. which '
15 Up to the ?rst sliver the ?bers are more or less , starting its ‘outward permeation into the sur
in a criss-eross formation, but from the sliver
on the manufacturing is a problem of parallel
ism of individual ?bers, while thereafter, the
- processes of drawing the fibers parallel causes
20 friction to set up, as the drawing ‘proceeds until
spun into the ?nest of yarns. Friction creates
static electricity, the stock becomes dry, the ?bers
?are out and become unruly and manufacturing
rounding ?bers.
The progress or rate of perme
ation thereafter depends to some extent on the
nature of the treating liquid, but with the per
centage needed for normal working requirements
with any liquid, there is no danger that the sur 20
faces of the textile machine or of the sliver cans
or other holders will become wetted or‘ appreci
‘ably soiled with the liquid. Final distribution of -'
becomes di?icult unless lubrication is provided.
It is another object of my invention to apply
a suitable ?xed lubricant in the central portion
of the original or card sliver or subsequent slivers
capable of conditioning the ?bers to meet all the
drawing, or evening, processes which normally 25‘
follow the card, as will be understood and which
uniformly distribute the liquid to all the ?bers.
With non-vaporizing liquid the process is_ not or
requirements of humidity.
dinarily complete until the subsequent worldn'gs
the liquid is accomplished by the doubling and
By a ?xed lubricant is meant a nonoxidizable, have distributed the liquid; ‘with 'vaporizi‘ng liq 30
non-conducting oil -or liquid unaffected by at
uids such as water, ether, alcohol the mere lapse
mospheric variations of climate, capable of of time may, su?ice to complete it. ‘
spreading by permeation,.throughout the mass.
The invention further consists in and‘ compre-'
of cotton‘, by contact in drawing the ?bers par ' hends the principle of internally applying treat- . '
allel to each other through successive steps until ' ing liquids, in the manner described or otherwise, 35
7 spun into yarn. ‘The object of placing the liq
when such liquids are dyeing or coloring media,
uid in the center of the ?rst sliver is necessary because the internal application of a dye to a
to insure permeation to start equally‘ in all di j sliver, as ,I have discovered, ‘is an excellent way ..
rections and to enclose the liquid constantly or of coloring a. yarn during its manufacture and
40 alternately but centrally to e?ect the best dis- ‘ affords a notable saving ofllabor, dye and apl 40'
tribution in subsequent drawing processes. I paratus as compared to existing practice. When
have found that by this method static electricity the treating liquid is a dye, it is best if it is oily
is‘practically eliminated and proper lubrication or s1ow—drying, because it is thus best distributed >
is provided, thus the expense of arti?cial humidi- . to the rest of the ?bers, for the production of a
45 ?cation-is not'- essential.
uniform color. When applied at the card, the 45
While the effect above described can be brought ultimate shade or color is achieved when com
. about in various kinds of textile machines, it is
illustrated for the purpose of this disclosure as
produced by treatment of cotton in an ordinary
50 cotton card.
In the accompanying drawing, Fig. ,1 is a gen
‘ eral elevation, partly sectioned.
Fig. 2 a larger section of the trumpet and ap
plete distribution of the liquid, has occurred as
the result of the evening processes carried out
as usual in the drawing frames, 61' in the‘ slub
Fig. 3 a section on line III-Ill of Fig. 2.
The card ?eece delivered by the doffer combl
is gathered‘ into a trumpet 2‘and- drawn there
_ through bythe calender-rolls 3 from whence it
is taken upwards by the coiler head 4, as a card
silver 5, and coiled into the sliver can 6, all in
the ‘usual manner. The applicator in this case
is a slender tube'l the delivery end of which is
bent .or directed inwards ‘parallel to the path of
the fiber and towards or into the mouth or en
trance of the trumpet 2' and about on its cen-‘
tral axis or so as to have contact only with that
The treating liquid whether a dye or not, can
be applied at other stages of manufacture than
the card and at successive stages if desired and
if more liquid is required than can be delivered
in one point. Obviously it can be applied'in any
textile-working machine where ?bers converge in
a-?eece, lap, sliver ‘or rovi’ng form into a con
densing or gathering instrument and emerge
therefrom as a compound delivery or in a com
pound ,state; In all such cases whether it be
comber, draw or roving frame an applicator tubev .
similar to that shown herein can-be availed of - -'
for locally'wetting those ?bers which make the .
center of thecompound delivery and this will in
general be found to be the most practical form of 65
part of the gathering'?eece whichforms the ‘
When many machines are at work it is'desir- '
‘ center of the sliver. Preferably the open end
able that each .of them be equipped with its own
of the tube is well within the trumpet as indi _‘drip regulator device suchas the needle valve in 70 cated. so that the ?bers wipe it with some pres
the present case or its equivalent'and also with
sure. It is supplied with the liquid through ,a."‘ the sight tube or its equivalent, totlie, end that 70
glass sight tube 8 from a constant level recep- Y ' exactv regulation of supply may thus be made 'at . 'v
tacle or ?oat chamber 9, the latter being con - each machine affording maximum economy and
nected to a larger supply source‘. By means of
the. needle valve III, which constitutes a drip
‘I claim- of."'. product.
v 41. The method of treating textile ?bers which
comprises delivering liquid constantly to an ap
plicator, conducting a ?eece or band of the ?bers
over such applicator in wiping contact therewith
and folding such band so that the wetted portion
is in the interior.
comprises delivering a liquid to an applicator and
conducting said mass of ?bers past said appli
cator in wiping contact therewith and folding said
mass of ?bers so that the applied ?uid is on the
interior of the mass.
7. The method of applying a treating ?uid to
2. The method of applying a treating ?uid to
textile ?bers whichcomprises moving the ?bers
‘ ‘through a condensing instrument, depressing the
10 central portion of the ?bers by means of a ?xed
applicator through which the ?uid ?ows and
whereby the ?uid is wiped from the applicator by
‘ the moving ?bers and deposited in the‘central
portion of the ?bers.
3. The method of applying a coloring ?uid to
textile ?bers which comprises delivering the ?uid '
to an applicator, conducting a ?eece or band of
the ?bers past such applicator in wiping contact
therewith and folding such ?eece or band so that
20 the colored portion is on the interior.
4. In apparatus for treating textile ?bers, the
combination of a ?ber conducting trumpet, means
for passing the ?bers through the trumpet, an
applicator tube extending into the ?bers and
wiped thereby and having its outlet inside the
a web of textile ?bers as it emerges from a card
ing machine which comprises forming the web
into a sliver and causing the treating ?uid to drip
onto the mass from above the mass as it is being
condensed and before it reaches sliver stage.
8. In a machine for treating textile ?bers hav
ing means for advancing the ?bers in mass forma
tion, the combination with a tubular applicator
having its discharge outlet located so as to be
embedded within and substantially surrounded by
the advancing mass of ?bers, a liquid supply
source adapted to deliver liquid through said
outlet in- solid as distinguished from atomized
form and means for regulatingsuch delivery rela 20
tive to the speed of the advancing ?bers to con
?ne the immediate moistening action to the in
of the mass.
9., In a machine for processing textile ?bers
having means for advancing the ?bers in mass 25
trumpet entrance, andcmeans for supplying liquid formation as distinguished from sliver or strand
to said tube.
form, the combination with ‘an applicator having
5. In apparatus for treating textile ?bers, the' its discharge outlet located substantially in the
combinationof a ?ber condensing instrument, an path of and wiped by the advancing mass of
applicator tube having an open delivery end ex
‘?bers, a liquid supply source adapted to deliver 30
tending into the ?bers and wiped thereby, said liquid through said applicator, and means for reg
delivery end being disposed within the condensing ulating such delivery relative to the speed of the .
§.- That method of treatingtextile ?bers which
advancing ?bers.
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