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Патент USA US2115229

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April 26, 1938.
A. MAZZOLA
HAIR CURLING CLAMP
Filed July 10, 71954
2,115,229
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
s "
UNITED STATE
l
1
ATENT OFFICE
2,115,229
HAIR CURLING CLAMP
Antonino Mazzola, Beaumont, Tex.
Application July 10, 1934,‘ Serial No. 734,502
2 Claims.
(01. 132-33)
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in hair curling clamps.
The invention has to do with clamps used in
vice is set forth as having a forward end and a
rear end. The bar H is formed with an offset
connecting arm l3 at its rear end. > The other '
Waving or curling hair upon a roller carried by clamping bar 12 has its rear end pivotally mount
5 saidclamp, whereby the hair may be engaged by ed on the outer end of this arm by means of. a 5
the clamps and the roller thus held in place.
screw M, as is shown in Figures 1 and 3.
'
One object of the invention is to provide an imAn open-ended jacket or sleeve !5 of rubber
proved device having air channels or passages, compound or any cushioning and insulating ma
whereby the natural flow of air through said pas- ' terial suitable for the purpose, is slid over each
10 sages Will carry off the heat incident to the curling bar I! and I2 which, too, are open-ended. These‘ 1i’? .
operation, thereby preventing injury to the scalp
and eliminating the necessity of an auxiliary
sleeves extend substantially the entire length of
the bars. It is pointed out (Figures 2, 6 and '7)
cooling means.
that the bars, being channel shaped and covered
'
Another object of the invention is to provide a
15 self cooling clamp which dissipates the steam
generated from the curling medium to prevent
burning of the scalp; thus, permitting said clamp
to be positioned closer to the head, whereby the
9
by the sleeves 15, provide air passages 16-
S0,
too, it is noted that the channels are relatively 15.5 '
curl may be set closer to the scalp to curl a great-
deep as compared to width thereof and that, be
ing inverted, there is no metal except the two
spaced edges of the channeled bars H and I2
overlying the part of the cushioning sleeve l5
er vportion of the hair and form a larger wave.
that Comes in Contact With the Scalp-
A further object of the invention is to provide
an improved hair curling clamp having clamping
sleeves constituting conduits for air currents, arranged to be readily replaced upon becoming soil25 ed, torn, or otherwise unusable.
A construction designed to carry out the invention will be hereinafter described, together‘
with- other features of the invention,
The invention will be more readily understood
30 from a reading of the following speci?cation and
by reference to the accompanying drawing, in
which an examplev of the invention is shown, and
wherein;
Figure 1 is a perspective View of a, clamp con-
Thus, it 20
will be seen that with this structure the air is
caused to circulate through‘ the Passages and
carry off from the bottom of the clamp the heat
which is used in curling the heir, thus preventing
Said heat from reaching the scalp and injuring 25
the Same‘
Furthermore, it is obvious that a softer cushion
ing effect is had because of the space between the
Side walls Of the bars which allows more yield
ability of the material of the Sleeve 15 Where the 30 .
Contact With the Scalp Occurs
The natural flow 0f ail“ through the passages "5
makes unnecessary the use of any complicated or
auxiliary cooling system
or
heat
insulating
35 structed in accordance with the invention, '
Figure 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view
means, as is required with the usual hair curling 35
Clamps- In placing a Wave in the hair, the hair
taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is a plan View of the form Shown in
Figure 1,
40
Figure 4 is a side elevation of a clamp having
a curling roller mounted thereon and showing
Strands 0f hair wound thereon,
Figure 5 is a perspective View Showing another
form of the clamp,
45
Figure 6 is a transverse vertical sectional view
taken on. the line 8-6 of Figure 5,
Figure '7 is a transverse vertical sectional view
taken on the line 'l—'! of Figure 5, and
Figure 3 is a, plan view of the form shown in
5o Flgure 5.
is dampened, wound upon a curler roller, and
heat is applied to the hair On the roller. Care has
to be taken to prevent the heat from injuring
the Scalp and particularly to prevent the Steam, 4"
Which is generated from the heating of the damp
ened hair, contacting the scalp. As the bottoms
of the sleeves will be close to the head (Figure 4),
the air circulating through the passages will cool
the bOttOm 0f the Ola-mp and Gerry Off the heat 45
and steam, While at the same time, there being
Only edge Contact Of the Side Walls of the chan
neled bars H and I2 with that portion of the
sleeves l5 that comes in contact with the scalp,
there is no uncomfortable or injurious heat trans- 50‘
In the drawing the numeral l0 designates the
frame of a hair curling clamp, which includes a
pair of inverted channel shaped parallel clamping members or bars H and 12. For the purpose
55 of more clearly describing the invention, the de-
mission through said scalp contacting portions of
the sleeve.
The sleeves, when made of a yieldable material,
form a flexible covering for the bars; and the
channels opening on the bottoms of the bars, soft 55
2,
’ 2,115,229
V pads for the head are thus provided. The h'airis
In the form shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, the
?rmly gripped between the bars, "so thatp'the screw“! and the latch H! are removed tore-I
steam resulting from heating the dampened hair
place the sleeves. The sleeve on the bar I2 may
will not pass down between the sleeves and come t then be slipped off the rear .end and the sleeve
"into contact with‘ the scalp._‘ It is'pointed out that on the bar H may be slipped off the front-end.
the clamp’ is so constructed that'not only may it , The'sleeves have to be replaced as theybecome'
f be positioned closer to the scalp without injury
thereto; but also more of the hair may be curled,
thereby setting the wave in the hair closer to the
which forms a longer wave.
10 scalp,‘
Anupright br'acketlT having 'are'ctangular re
cessed upper portion'is. mountedon the forward
end of ‘the bar l2 and has’ a pin or ‘keeper l8
thereon. The forward end of the bar H is pro
vided with’ a swinging latch [9, which is pivoted
thereto and is provided with a downwardly ex
torn, soiled and otherwise unuseable.
In theform shown in Figures 5, 6, '7 andYB, it’
is only necessary to swing the bar l2’ to its outer
most position and disengage the hook 29 from the I
stud 28, whereby the sleeves may be easily slippedi ‘
oil" or on the bars.
The description‘ which ‘has been‘given recites‘
' more or less detail of a particular embodiment
of the invention, which is set forth as‘ new and 15
useful; however, I’ desire it understoodlthat the
tending bill 20 for'engaging the keeper 18. The invention is not limited to such exact details of '
' bill is, provided with a plurality of notches 2! on ‘ construction, because it is manifest that changes
s
its underside for engagement with the keeper, and modi?cations may be made, within the scope : ‘. ‘
whereby the bars willbe held in closevproximity" of the appended claims, without departing’ from
2n‘
G and will be substantially parallel with each other. ' ' the spirit 'ofYthe invention.
'
fThus, variations in;th'e;pressure exerted "on the
It‘ isoperators
pointed out
maythat‘in'operating
use it as‘described;
the device;
while '
'hair byithe bars “and I2 .will be obtained and some
this variation in" pressure is provided 'forthe ' others may position the clamp on the‘ hair ?rst,
' to oi "clamping of different thicknesses of hair between‘
then secure the ends of the hair underthe tongue
7 said bars. 2
and wind the same on the roller in the‘ usual]
An' upright bracket 22 is mountedron the rear
of the connecting armpit’; A swinging hook 23
is pivoted tothe upper end of the bracket. ~ As is
30 shown in Figure 4, a hair curling roller 24 time '
type now in common use is provided with‘ the
usual hinged tongue 25, a's‘quar‘ed; shaft exten
sion 26 of an internal ratchet (notshown) on
one, end,v and a trunnion 23' on the other end.
35 Theends of the'hair are clamped beneath the
manner.
5 'What I claim and desire'to secure by Letters
'Patent is:
'
'
"
-
‘
1. Allan curling clamp comprising; a pair or
elongated hair clamping bars, each of said bars‘ '
having an ail‘ passage-extending therethrough; ‘
7
said bars being hingedat one end,-a swinging‘
latch for fastening said barsina' clamping relaé
tion; and ?e>db1e sleeves surrounding said bars‘
'tongueand the hair is then wound on the roller’ intermediate. their ends, said bars being‘so con
in the usual manner." The clamp isnthen posi-' structed 'thatthey maybe readily’ disengaged, ‘i
' ' ¢ tioned- and fastened; as shown in Figure 4, to en- ‘7
gage ‘the hairunder the roller. The ratchet shaft‘
extensionr'2r6 is next set into the bracket I'i_ and
‘the trunnion‘v 21 is engaged in the bracket 22
fwhere it is con?ned by the hook 23. ,The- hair
on the roller is then tightened in the usual manl
InFigures5, 6, 7 and 8, I have shown a slightly
whereby said sleeves maybe removed; said latch ' '
having, means, ‘whereby vdifferent thicknesses of
hair‘ may be clamped, and upright brackets ion in
the bars for supporting a curl roller thereover.
2. A hair curling ‘clamp includingra coopera-v
v tive pair o-fgrigid open-ended channel bars have
ing their open sides directed “towards the scalpf V
and closed adjacent sides between which the hair
different form; .In place of the screw M; I pro
is clamped,v ?exible tubesof'cushioning and in-‘ r vide' a stud-28 on the rear’ end of the bar H’
air-backed.sulating
material
cushionsenclosing
are provided‘
V. the for
bars,
contact‘
whereby
with 1:'
and Ya hook 29gon the rear’ ends of thegbar 12!. a
The stud‘is'so constructed that the hook 29 can
the scalp and rigidlysupported flexible surfaces
50 not be disengaged therefromexcept whenthe bar . are providedfo-r clamping’ thehair, the tubes’
l2’ is‘swung‘ outwardly to its'furthermost posi Ibeing; open. at their ends and unobstructed ,7
' ; tion. Ahook 23’ is mounted- on the upper pore rythroughout'their length‘ to’pe‘rmit-a free natural '
_ ; tion eta bracket 22"and swings to’ engage over ' flowof air" curentsthrough said channels and
'1 the‘. trunnion 2‘! of thegroller 24; On the 'for- 1 tubes, and means for vfast'ening‘the bars together’ 7
,_Ward' end ofthe bars‘aiswinginglatch i9" simi
in their clamping relationi
lar to the latch 19 ispivoted to a bracket .l‘l'on
the bar [2’.
V
‘ ANTONINO :MAzzonA; V
1
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