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Патент USA US2115241

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ì April 26, 1938,
F. E. ToMLlNso‘N
Filed Aug. 3, 1956
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Patented Apr. 26, 1938
Fred Everet Tomlinson, Grove, Okla., assigner of
one-half to Harlan Link Kelley, Grove, Okla.
Application August 3, 1936, Serial No. 93,924
5 Claims.
e The _present invention relates generally to fas
teningdevices, and more particularly to an end
gate> fastening device, which includesa remov
able over-center closure assemblage.
lAn object of the present invention‘is to provid
aefastening device for end gates of trucks, and
designated 33, a straight member or link 34 hav
AAnther object is to providean end gate fas
tener which includes spring-influenced corner
'f post grasping units, and a removable unitary
over-center lever assemblage.
VAnother object is to provide an vover-center
lever vassemblage which includes a resilient por
tion adaptedvto compensate for 4and eliminate
15; that small amount of slack which conventional
devicesfnow in .use leave.
Another object' is to provide an end gate fas
tener which is economical to manufacture, simple
inV operation, and suitable for al wide range of in
Other objects and advantage-s will be appar
ent vfrom the following description, taken in con
junction with the accompanying drawing, in
Fig. l is a rear viewv of a portion of a truck
'vz' showing a preferred embodiment of the present
invention installed upon one type of end gate and
securing it in operative position at the back of
the' truck.
Fig. 2 is a’section on the linefZ-Z of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a section on theline 3_3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a view of the removable lever assem
blage and associated parts showing the relation
of the elements when the device is partially
Fig. 5 is another view of the lever assemblage
and associated'parts showing the relation of the
elements when the device is in closed position.
Fig. 6 is a perspective of the lever assemblage
showing the details of its elements.
Fig. 7 is a section on the line 'l-l of Fig. 4.
Referring to the drawing more particularly by
reference numerals, there are shown in Fig. 1
(Cl. 292-26)
In a preferred embodiment, the present end
gate fastener includes a centrally located lever
assemblage generally designated 30 and end a_s-_l
semblages generally designated 3|. The leverV
assemblage includes a U-shaped lever generally
designated 32, a U-shaped member generally
certain .elements of a truck including chassis
channels ID having a transverse brace ll ex
ing a hook 35 at one end and an eye 35 at the
other end, and a pivot pin 37. The pin 3l has
a head 39 at one end and `is apertured at the 10
other end to receive a cotter pin 38. The lever
32 includes a handle portion 46 which is curved
towards the extreme end to oiiset the bight 4i of
the U from the general plane of the member, ras
can be readily seen from an inspection of Fig. 4.
The leverV 32 further includes theV curved leg
portions 42, each of which terminates in an eye
43. The handle portion 40 and the leg» por
tions 42 are constructed of a continuous piece of
resilient steel, or other suitable material, the legs 20'
42 being joined to they handle 49 by the coiled
portions 44, each of which defines an aperture
45.> The U-shaped member 33 includes legs 46,
each of which terminates at the free end in a
right angular extension 4l', and a bightY 48 having
a central depression 49 therein. The lever 32 is 25
of a length in the curved portions- 42 and the
handle 40 to provide, respectively, sufficient spring
and an operating arm long enough to insure easyv
operation of an instant assemblage.
Theassemblying of the above described ele 30
ments of the lever assemblage 3i) is evident from
an inspection of Fig. 6. AThe pin 31 is inserted
through one aperture 45, the eye 36, and the
other aperture 45. The longitudinal dimension
of the pin 31 is just sufficient to vaccommodate 35
the coiled portions 44 and the eye 33 without
binding, yet without looseness of the link 34 be-`
tween the lever 32 to prevent side play of the device. The extensions 4l are inserted through
the eyes 43 by the usual method of springing the
legs 46 of the U-member 33 outwardly, the re
turn spring being sufficient to maintain the ex
tensions in place in the eyes43.
tending therebetween, vertically disposed sup
Referring nowl to the end assemblages, one only
will be described, inasmuch as the two are iden 45
ports '|2, a transverse floor support
i3, floor
tical, except for one feature', which will be point-`
boards I4, rear corner posts l5, and reinforcing
ed out. There is provided a bracket generally
designated 55 having two sides 55 and 51 which
plates l5secured by bolts Il, or the like, to the
. posts l5 and floor boards I4.
' A skeleton end gate generally designated 2U
isl provided and includesv horizontal members 2|,
22 and 23 and Vertical members 24, 25, 26 and 21.
The horizontal and vertical members are secure
'jlyv connected together in any desired manner.
The particular type of truck and end gate con
struction forms no part of the present invention
and it is, of course, obvious that any type is
adapted to receive the end gate fastener which is
described below.
terminate in right angular extensions 58 and 59,
respectively. The side 56 and the extension 59` 50
have apertures 6B and Blfrespectively, there
through. An elongated rod 62 extends through
the apertures SD and 6l and is maintained in av
selected position relative to the bracket 55 by 55
nuts 63 and 54 which engage threads 65 of _the
rod 62 and‘abut against the side 56 and the ex
tension 59, respectively. 'I'he rod 62 is threaded
throughout a substantial portion of its length in
order to allow for a wide range of adjustment. 60
' An'attaching clip 66 is disposed around the rod
member upon the Y_release of the vlever assemblage,
"said lever assemblage including a vU'-shaped leverV Y
having two legs, a U-shaped member having two f
~ 62“between the side 56 and the extension 5,9. ' As
disclosed, the'clip 66 includes an aperturedcen
tra] portion 26'!> and Yattaching wings 68»which
have holes therethrough >for the reception of
legsfpivotally connected -to the lever >at the. ex->
c, :screws '69, or thef like. „Arco-nventionalï type ofY
tremities of the. four legs, a pivotA pin connected
to the legs of V.said leverv intermediate the bight '
` Y clip constructed of strapmetal may be employed,"-
and the extremitiesof the legs, and alink having
if desired. A helical spring `'lil surrounds?therod
a hook at the free end thereof pivotally connected ._ ’
5 62> and abuts the ‘innerV face of the side 56 atgthe
to said'pin between the legs of the lever, the por-~
onerend and the clip 66 at the other end. Oneof _, tions >of the legs of the'lever between the pin~and 710]',
thev rods 62 terminates in anjeye 1|, while the
other rod 62 terminates in a hookflZ, this being-
the extremities being curved to añord a spring. Y
2. An end'gate fastening device comprising end Y
the only difference between the end assemblages.
In Figs. 1 andV 2, the assembled end gate fas
tener .isshown in position on an end gate. The
each of said assemblages including a bracket of a
assemblagesjdisposed for longitudinal movement,
configuration toY grasp a iixed member when inv
clips 66 are fastened by lthe screws 69, or the» like,
one position, locking means connecting'fthe endA
assemblages adapted to'hold the brackets in posi- '
Vto'lthe verticalY members 24 and ,21.Y Additional
tion grasping the fixed members, and». spring
" ¿ clips 66 embrace the rods 62 near their free ends
means? associated [with each end assemblage"
¿adapted to movethe bracket outwardly from en 20 s
f f ~ ` Y' and are fastenedl to the vertical'members 2.5 >and
" ~ gagement with its respectivefixed memberîupon
therelease of Ythe'locking means, said `lockingrj->
e ' rIlhe operation of the present invention is readily 'meanscomprisingan over-center lever assem
’ apparent from'the foregoing, «read in conjunc
blage, the actuating lever thereof includingV a, l '
25 tion withY an inspection ofithe'drawing. VIn Fig. 2, ' Y curved resilient'portio-n adapted to compensatey 25
the present end gatejfastener isl shownfas main- r
taining theend gate` 2U in position Vat the rear of
Yfor over-center slack. ~ y
3.> An end gate fastening device comprising end ~
-the truck. The elements of the lever assemblage ' assemblages disposed for longitudinal movement, f 30 are maintainedV in closed relationrthroughV an and a lever assemblage connecting said end assernl `
" Y
additional' fastening means; ` To remove the gate j in one position'and an elongated rod adjustablyl.
' '
over-centerposition of the 4freel ends ofthe lever-î blages and being removable 'therefrornas a unit, ,3.0!
v 32. `This laction is so Astrong that4 chance of acci-j Veach of said end assemblages including Va bracketV
dental release isvery remote, 'obviating the-use of ' of a configuration vto grasp> a flxed'member when
Y '
20, Athe?handle 40 of theflever assemblage' 301 is -ñxed to said >bracket and extending towards saidv 35 i;
grasped and rotated clockwise'about the pivot pin»V lever assemblage, said lever assemblage compris->
31 as a movable axis (Fig. 4). Clockwisefmove
ing a U-shaped lever having two legs, va` U'-shaped
~ Y ment of the handle 40 _moves the extensions 41
member having two legs pivotally connected to
Y through a'longitudinal distance‘equal to twice the ï the lever at'the extremities .of the four legs,`a>
length of the leg portions 42 of the lever 32, which, ' Y pivot pin connected to the legs of said lever inter
mediate the Vbight and the extremities of the legs,
allows the rods 62 to bewithdrawn out
.740;" obviously,
Wardly under the action of the springs ‘10.V Each
Vspring 10 Vwill move its associated rod'62 and
Äbracket`55 outwardly until the inner' Yface Vof the*
extension 59 contacts the clip 66. This amountof
movementis adjusted topermit> the extension 58
and a link having a hookrat the free end thereof ' `
pivotally connected to said pin between the „legs
ofthe lever, the portions of the legs of the lever '
Vbetween the pin and _the extremities being curved '
Yto afford a spring, one of Said rods being connected
Y. to be movedbutwardly a suflicient distance to ' ftovsaid hook vand the other to the 'bight of the VU
clear the postV I 5, or other structure. The gate20, VVshaped, member, kwhereby the lever is adaptedk to>
Vwith'its associated fastener, may then ,be> removed
»as an entirety from .the'backofftlre truck» g. Obvi
move the' brackets into engagementrwith the ñxed
f 501 ously,Y the rein'stallation of .thegatej 2liy upon the
4; Av'fastening rdevice including an end assem- '
back iof theftruck comprises the Vabove removal . blage,` said endassemblage including an L-shaped
Ybracket the long leg of which has an >inwardly `
turned flange disposed to parallelV .thevshort leg, ’
order. Y ' ' .
. V
an, end gate fastener which isfadarpted to achieveY ' Í an elongated rod extending through aligned aperall of the Yobjects and advantages> sought. "It is
1» further apparent that there has been provided aj
Y tures
in the ñange
and thereto,
in the short
a helical
leg and
>ad- Y
' lever assemblage which is capable »ofavariety of
about said rod kbetween said flange and short leg,
and a mounting clip disposed about said rod be
tween the flange and the spring.
uses. It is to berunderstood that >the'abo'vejde
Y scriptionv andraccompanyinggdrawing have been
R01:given by way of illustration and example,` and
not by Y Way of limitation, the Y invention
limitedfonly by the following claims, Y What Vis claimed isgf>
V5*. Ahrend` gate fastener comprising a central w . V
VleverY assemblage and end assemblages, each of
' said» Vend assemblages including an.V L-Vshaped „
17.» A fastening Vdevice comprising _rend assem-V
-` f- blages anda connecting lever assemblage adapted Y
bracket the long vleg of which hasan inwardly '
Vturnedñange disposed to parallel the shortr¿lfeg,¿¿65
to draw the endVK assemblages simultaneously'tov-V
an elongated rod extending through aligned aperlY
tures in the flange `and in the short leg ‘and ad
wards eachother, each.o_fésaidz end assemblages
'Y havingaîbracketofëa configuration tograsp Ya
’about said‘ rod between said flange and short leg,
Vjustably ñxed relative thereto, ahelical spring "
' A Y
-iixed member, eachof said endfassemblages fur V and va mounting clip disposed-about said rod hej »
ther Yhaving >meansffor movingthe- assemblage
outwardly to releasethe bracketriroml'the iixe'd "
tween the ñange and the spring.
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