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Патент USA US2115249

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April 26, 1938.
J. c. BOWMAN
.
2,115,249 '
PROCESS OF FORMING COMMERCIAL ARTICLES
Filed April 8, 1956
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By
más Äífîqrney
Patented Apr. 26,V 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENTl oFFlcEj
2,115,249
PROCESS 0F FORMING COMMERCIAL
ARTIcLEs
John C. Bowman, Ocean Park, Calif., assigner to
William C. Bowman, Ocean Park, Calif., and
Ernest Roy, Los Angeles,
Calif.
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Application April 8, 1936, Serial No. 73,383
s claims. (c1. ¿i1-'31)
This invention relates to a new and useful
process and product thereof, and the principal
into an ornamental coil.
relatively inexpensive process for forming com
as tiling, tops, sides, doors,
Fig. 8 _is a side view of the fiexible strip or bar
andshowing the prongs on its bottom edge that
are -driven into the perforated side of the backing.
Fig. 9 is a side view of one of the thin spacing
bars or strips used in forming ornamental de
“ mercial articles, such
panels, borders, moldings, pedestals, and sup
ports for use in manufacturing furniture, build
ings and for ornamenting houses and the like.
With the foregoing objects in view, I form a
wooden backing for each article that is faced
with lacquer or self-hardening plastic or semi
plastic material that may be colored, tinted and
16
clouded with variegated colors and which, when
dried and hardened, may be polished to a finish,
resembling the smooth glaze of porcelain.
signs.
Fig. 10 is a cross section through one of the
table legs as viewed from the line I0-I0, Fig. 2.
ingV the articles with ornamental designs, that
appear in the polished surfaces, that are formed
of metal bars, fixtures and the like that are first
secured in the backings so they form cavities and
and around them, that are
will be rectangular in form and preferably made
of three-ply veneer.
The edges of this
or self-hardening plastic or
io
Fig. 11 is a sectional view of a modified form of
channel iron frame used for protecting the cor
ner edges of panels, table-tops, doors and the`
like.
In detail, my process consists of forming back
ings 0f Wood, in proper sizes and shapes for the
articles that are to be produced. For illustration,
. VA feature of the invention consists in provid
lao
flexible strips or bars with the end portion bent
object of my invention is, to provide a simple and
if one of the articles is a table top, the backing
a0
semi-plastic material, so the top surface islevel
.at
with the tops and edges of the metal parts, so
the Ametal exposed, will be polished when the
surface of the material is polished.
« A feature of invention resides in the construc
tion and ornamentation of thermargínal edges
which, in addition to strengthening‘them so they
30 cannot be easily injured, are greatly enhanced in
appearance.
t
VOther objects, advantages and features of in
vention may appear in the accompanying draw
ing and detailed description thereof.
In the accompanying drawing which illustrates
40
as designated by` I4, such perforations made by a
spined pressure roller I5 which, by means not
shown but well understood, is actuated to force ~
the spines I6 through the top ply of the back
ing I0.
v The frame II issecured to the backing so it
formsja trough like cavity that is
filled with
lacquer or a self-hardening plasticthen
or plastic ma
the invention, Fig. 1 is a plan view of a table con
I4, that it will not crack or
structed in accordance with my invention, a table
being one of the numerous commercial things
and articles that can be constructed by my
the frame when dried. Also,
process.
`
terial I'I that is forced so compactly in the cavity
Y
Fig. 2 is a side view of the table shown in Fig. 1
with one of the legs broken away.
Fig. 3 is a central cross section taken on line l
3_3, Fig. 1.
45
to a level With the top edge of
,fianges of the angle iron.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective View of a
table-top showing how the various parts are con
structed and assembled and the -edges protected
by a channel iron frame.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional View, illustrat
50 ing how a spined roller is utilized to perforate
ground down until they are substantially smooth
and level with the metal edges, after which the
top and edges, together with the exposed metal
edges of the channel irons, are highly polished.
As shown in Figs. 1, 4 and 7 to 9, thin flexible
strips I9 of metal, or material such as celluloid,
one side of a Wooden backing.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a modiñed form
to form ornamental designs in the articles; and
of mounting the flexible strips on the backing
member.
55
Fig. 7 is a fragmental plan view of one of the
40
After the material has thoroughly dried, the ,
top surface and side edges of the table topA I8 are
45
bakelite or pyrolin with fixtures 20, can be used 50
when so used the strips are first bent, curved or
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2,115,249
„Vn
I0 and secured thereto by driving the teeth into
the back, after which theY fixtures 20 are arranged
in their proper places and' secured by their in
tegral nail-like r»extensions 22 to the backing.
on its recessed side and a channel formed around
the edges. of said backing, then placing self-hard
ening plastic material into thetrough and press
ing it into the recesses in the face of said backing
and also filling the channel around the edges of
said backing with said material, then removing
When so arranged, they form channels between
and around them within the trough formed by
the edge frame.
Y
n
It is obvious that the space in the channels
and around the fixtures _may be filled with a lac
quer or self-hardening plastic or semi-plastic ma
terial which, when dry may be polished, together
with the exposed edges of the Ybars and ends of
the excess material so ` Y is level with the edge of
said frame and flanges of said channel, then dry
lng the material and then polishing the exposed
_surfaces of said dried material together with
the exposed edges of said frame.
2. The herein described process of forming
commercial articles consisting of first making a .
wooden backing and forming recesses in one of
1 ~ In additionto the table top I8 being formedV its faces, thenv securing a channel iron frame to 15V
23' and legs 24jmay also the edges of said backing, so that a shallow trough
15 by my process, its sides
be so formed. The sides 23 are enclosed` by a is formed on its recessed side and so the flanges
the fixtures.
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channel iron frame 25 that has its» channel Vfilled , of. said iron extend> outwardly to form a channel i
with lacqueror a self-hardening plastic or semi
aroundv said frame, then forming a design in said
troughby securing straight, curved and coiled 20
'flexible'strips andñxtures >to said backing -in a
their surface by securing „flexible strips i9 to pre-arranged order >to delineate the design and
them and then filling thespace between them form spaces between and around said strips and
plastic material which, when dry may be polished.
Y The legs 24 may have design figures formed on
with material I1 which, when; in plastic Vor semi
fixtures, then impressing self-hardening plastic
plastic condition may be rounded, as shown in‘ material into the trough to fill the spaces between
Y
said strips and around said fixtures and also flll
25 the drawing, and polished when dry.
¿ Instead of forming the flexible strips with ing the channel in- the channel frame with the
prongs on their lower edges fand driving said plastic material, then removingv the excess ma
prongs into the backing member, the latter may
be provided with grooves, as designated by Illa,
'30 Fig. 6, and the lower portions of flexible strips
ma devoid-of the prongs 2l, are inserted in said
grooves with the upperportions of said strips
, projecting a short distance labovethe surface of
’ the backing.
Y
VIt is obvious that practically all exposed parts
of a piece of furniture'or other structure may be
formed by my improved process.
'
» The plastic compound or material used in my
improved process, is compounded so it may be
colored and clouded in delicate tints and tones
40
suitable for obtaining >highly artistic effects when
used in vfurnishing bathrooms, kitchen cabinets,
ì sinks and the like.
Vïhile I have shown and described one practi
cal way of practicing my» improved method, it
45 will be understood that said method may be varied
slightly in details, Without departing from the
spirit of my invention, the scope Yof which is set
forth in thc appended claims.V
'
I claim as my invention:
' 1. The herein described process. of forming
¿commercial articles, consistingV of ñrstrmaking
55
a wooden backing and forming recesses in one
facethereof, then securing a channel frame to
the edges of said backing so a trough is formed
terial to level it down to the edges of the frame 80
and flanges of thefchannel iron,"then drying Ythe
material and then polishing the exposed surfaces
thereof.
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3. The herein described process of forming col
ored commercial articles consisting of iirst mak
ing a wooden backing and forming recesses inY
one face thereof, then >securing a channelk iron
frame to the edges of said backing, so a shallow
trough is formed on its: recessed side and also so
that the flanges of said iron are extended out
Wardly to form a channelaround said frame, then
forming a design in said trough by securing
straight, curved and coiled stripsand .fixtures to
said backing in a pre-arranged order to delineate
the design and form spaces between and around
said strips. and fixtures, then delivering and Vpress
ing a self-hardening plastic or semi-plastic ma
terial into the trough to ñll the spaces between
said strips and »around said fixtures and also ñll
ing the channel in the frame'with said material,
then striking off the 'excess material to level it
down to the edges' of the frame and flanges of
and j
the channel iron, then drying the material
Y
then polishing the exposed surfaces thereof.’>
Jorn; oeßowMAN.
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