Патент USA US2115249код для вставки
April 26, 1938. J. c. BOWMAN . 2,115,249 ' PROCESS OF FORMING COMMERCIAL ARTICLES Filed April 8, 1956 l s lllll l I HU Ú ß ¿è l ` By más Äífîqrney Patented Apr. 26,V 1938 UNITED STATES PATENTl oFFlcEj 2,115,249 PROCESS 0F FORMING COMMERCIAL ARTIcLEs John C. Bowman, Ocean Park, Calif., assigner to William C. Bowman, Ocean Park, Calif., and Ernest Roy, Los Angeles, Calif. ' ` Application April 8, 1936, Serial No. 73,383 s claims. (c1. ¿i1-'31) This invention relates to a new and useful process and product thereof, and the principal into an ornamental coil. relatively inexpensive process for forming com as tiling, tops, sides, doors, Fig. 8 _is a side view of the fiexible strip or bar andshowing the prongs on its bottom edge that are -driven into the perforated side of the backing. Fig. 9 is a side view of one of the thin spacing bars or strips used in forming ornamental de “ mercial articles, such panels, borders, moldings, pedestals, and sup ports for use in manufacturing furniture, build ings and for ornamenting houses and the like. With the foregoing objects in view, I form a wooden backing for each article that is faced with lacquer or self-hardening plastic or semi plastic material that may be colored, tinted and 16 clouded with variegated colors and which, when dried and hardened, may be polished to a finish, resembling the smooth glaze of porcelain. signs. Fig. 10 is a cross section through one of the table legs as viewed from the line I0-I0, Fig. 2. ingV the articles with ornamental designs, that appear in the polished surfaces, that are formed of metal bars, fixtures and the like that are first secured in the backings so they form cavities and and around them, that are will be rectangular in form and preferably made of three-ply veneer. The edges of this or self-hardening plastic or io Fig. 11 is a sectional view of a modified form of channel iron frame used for protecting the cor ner edges of panels, table-tops, doors and the` like. In detail, my process consists of forming back ings 0f Wood, in proper sizes and shapes for the articles that are to be produced. For illustration, . VA feature of the invention consists in provid lao flexible strips or bars with the end portion bent object of my invention is, to provide a simple and if one of the articles is a table top, the backing a0 semi-plastic material, so the top surface islevel .at with the tops and edges of the metal parts, so the Ametal exposed, will be polished when the surface of the material is polished. « A feature of invention resides in the construc tion and ornamentation of thermargínal edges which, in addition to strengthening‘them so they 30 cannot be easily injured, are greatly enhanced in appearance. t VOther objects, advantages and features of in vention may appear in the accompanying draw ing and detailed description thereof. In the accompanying drawing which illustrates 40 as designated by` I4, such perforations made by a spined pressure roller I5 which, by means not shown but well understood, is actuated to force ~ the spines I6 through the top ply of the back ing I0. v The frame II issecured to the backing so it formsja trough like cavity that is filled with lacquer or a self-hardening plasticthen or plastic ma the invention, Fig. 1 is a plan view of a table con I4, that it will not crack or structed in accordance with my invention, a table being one of the numerous commercial things and articles that can be constructed by my the frame when dried. Also, process. ` terial I'I that is forced so compactly in the cavity Y Fig. 2 is a side view of the table shown in Fig. 1 with one of the legs broken away. Fig. 3 is a central cross section taken on line l 3_3, Fig. 1. 45 to a level With the top edge of ,fianges of the angle iron. Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective View of a table-top showing how the various parts are con structed and assembled and the -edges protected by a channel iron frame. Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional View, illustrat 50 ing how a spined roller is utilized to perforate ground down until they are substantially smooth and level with the metal edges, after which the top and edges, together with the exposed metal edges of the channel irons, are highly polished. As shown in Figs. 1, 4 and 7 to 9, thin flexible strips I9 of metal, or material such as celluloid, one side of a Wooden backing. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a modiñed form to form ornamental designs in the articles; and of mounting the flexible strips on the backing member. 55 Fig. 7 is a fragmental plan view of one of the 40 After the material has thoroughly dried, the , top surface and side edges of the table topA I8 are 45 bakelite or pyrolin with fixtures 20, can be used 50 when so used the strips are first bent, curved or „ 2,115,249 „Vn I0 and secured thereto by driving the teeth into the back, after which theY fixtures 20 are arranged in their proper places and' secured by their in tegral nail-like r»extensions 22 to the backing. on its recessed side and a channel formed around the edges. of said backing, then placing self-hard ening plastic material into thetrough and press ing it into the recesses in the face of said backing and also filling the channel around the edges of said backing with said material, then removing When so arranged, they form channels between and around them within the trough formed by the edge frame. Y n It is obvious that the space in the channels and around the fixtures _may be filled with a lac quer or self-hardening plastic or semi-plastic ma terial which, when dry may be polished, together with the exposed edges of the Ybars and ends of the excess material so ` Y is level with the edge of said frame and flanges of said channel, then dry lng the material and then polishing the exposed _surfaces of said dried material together with the exposed edges of said frame. 2. The herein described process of forming commercial articles consisting of first making a . wooden backing and forming recesses in one of 1 ~ In additionto the table top I8 being formedV its faces, thenv securing a channel iron frame to 15V 23' and legs 24jmay also the edges of said backing, so that a shallow trough 15 by my process, its sides be so formed. The sides 23 are enclosed` by a is formed on its recessed side and so the flanges the fixtures. ' ' channel iron frame 25 that has its» channel Vfilled , of. said iron extend> outwardly to form a channel i with lacqueror a self-hardening plastic or semi aroundv said frame, then forming a design in said troughby securing straight, curved and coiled 20 'flexible'strips andñxtures >to said backing -in a their surface by securing „flexible strips i9 to pre-arranged order >to delineate the design and them and then filling thespace between them form spaces between and around said strips and plastic material which, when dry may be polished. Y The legs 24 may have design figures formed on with material I1 which, when; in plastic Vor semi fixtures, then impressing self-hardening plastic plastic condition may be rounded, as shown in‘ material into the trough to fill the spaces between Y said strips and around said fixtures and also flll 25 the drawing, and polished when dry. ¿ Instead of forming the flexible strips with ing the channel in- the channel frame with the prongs on their lower edges fand driving said plastic material, then removingv the excess ma prongs into the backing member, the latter may be provided with grooves, as designated by Illa, '30 Fig. 6, and the lower portions of flexible strips ma devoid-of the prongs 2l, are inserted in said grooves with the upperportions of said strips , projecting a short distance labovethe surface of ’ the backing. Y VIt is obvious that practically all exposed parts of a piece of furniture'or other structure may be formed by my improved process. ' » The plastic compound or material used in my improved process, is compounded so it may be colored and clouded in delicate tints and tones 40 suitable for obtaining >highly artistic effects when used in vfurnishing bathrooms, kitchen cabinets, ì sinks and the like. Vïhile I have shown and described one practi cal way of practicing my» improved method, it 45 will be understood that said method may be varied slightly in details, Without departing from the spirit of my invention, the scope Yof which is set forth in thc appended claims.V ' I claim as my invention: ' 1. The herein described process. of forming ¿commercial articles, consistingV of ñrstrmaking 55 a wooden backing and forming recesses in one facethereof, then securing a channel frame to the edges of said backing so a trough is formed terial to level it down to the edges of the frame 80 and flanges of thefchannel iron,"then drying Ythe material and then polishing the exposed surfaces thereof. ~' „ ` 3. The herein described process of forming col ored commercial articles consisting of iirst mak ing a wooden backing and forming recesses inY one face thereof, then >securing a channelk iron frame to the edges of said backing, so a shallow trough is formed on its: recessed side and also so that the flanges of said iron are extended out Wardly to form a channelaround said frame, then forming a design in said trough by securing straight, curved and coiled stripsand .fixtures to said backing in a pre-arranged order to delineate the design and form spaces between and around said strips. and fixtures, then delivering and Vpress ing a self-hardening plastic or semi-plastic ma terial into the trough to ñll the spaces between said strips and »around said fixtures and also ñll ing the channel in the frame'with said material, then striking off the 'excess material to level it down to the edges' of the frame and flanges of and j the channel iron, then drying the material Y then polishing the exposed surfaces thereof.’> Jorn; oeßowMAN.