Патент USA US2115397код для вставки
April 26; 1938. _ W.IRO>SENTHAL‘. El‘ AL 2,115,397 ’ ,BRAssIERE: ' " Filed} May 8, 1936 ~ . OSENI'HAL SgYCHARLES m. Suns ‘THEIR TTORNEY. ' 2,115,397 Patented Apr. 26, 1938 ‘UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE 2,115,397 naassmaa William Rosenthal, New York, and Charles M. - Sachs, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignors to‘Maiden Form Brassiere Company, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application May 8, 1938, Serial No. 78,598 14 Claims. (Cl. 2-42) ' . ment and relative location of parts, all as will This invention relates broadly to a new bras appear more fully hereinafter. , siere construction. Referring to the drawing, in which the same One of the objects of this'invention is the creation of a brassiere which is adapted to sup-v reference numerals are used throughout the sev eral views to indicate the same or similar parts, port the bust in natural position. Another object of this invention is the creation it will be found that: Fig. 1 represents a rear elevational view of a of a brassiére having the constructional elements brassiere employing the novel principles of our thereof so arranged, located, associated and com bined that the breasts of the wearer thereof by construction shown as spread out and with the back straps disengaged from each other and with 10 virtue of the employment of the brassiere are up lifted to a predetermined degree and- ?rmly and the shoulder straps disengaged at their forward comfortably supported in a natural uplifted posi tion. Another object of this invention is the creation of a breast supporting garment embodying adjust able means for uplifting and supporting the wearer’s breasts. Another object of this invention is the creation of a brassiere embodying means whereby each of the wearer’s breasts is individually supported and uplifted by both of the shoulders of the wearer. Another object of this invention is the creation of a brassiere having within each breast receiv ing pocket thereof a relatively free and adjustable sling-like element adapted to under-breast con tact for the purpose of supporting and uplifting the wearer's breasts. A further object of this invention is'the creation of a brassiere including novel internal adjustable breast supporting and uplifting elements. A further object of this invention is the pro vision of a novel brassiere construction, wherein each shoulder strap may be adjusted or com pletely disengaged at one end thereof. A still further object of this invention is the creation of a brassiére providing desired breast uplift and support and which is adapted to ready manufacture in quantity, and'is of strong and durable construction although soft, comfortable and easy to wear. These and many other objects are secured by the brassiere construction herein disclosed. Var ious other objects and advantages of the inven tion than those hereinabove speci?cally men tioned will appear more fully hereinafter. It is to be understood, that the speci?c form or forms shown are merely illustrative and hence the de tailed description thereof is not to be taken as limiting the invention itself. This application is a companionto the sole ap plication of William Rosenthal, Serial No. 78,599, ?led May 8, 1936. This invention resides substantially in the parts as well as the combination, construction, arrange ends; ‘ Fig. 2 represents a front elevational view thereof : - Fig. 3 represents a rear perspective view of our 15 novel brassiére construction, shown in wearing position; and Fig. 4 represents a sectional view, taken along the section line 4-4 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows. 20 As is well known, the trend in present day women's styles is towards accentuation of the natural breast and body lines so as to emphasize the inherent beauty in the natural curves of the well developed human form, while providing. a 25 high degree of comfort and freedom of natural movement. Some women find that their bust line is not sufficiently accentuated and outstanding to accord with presentgday styles because their breasts al 30 though of ample proportions are pendulous. Other women having the desired con?gura- - tion of bust line ?nd that they are often in serious danger of losing the same for one reason or an other such, for example, as. because of lactation, 35 abnormalities and the like. Women such as these run the risk of ?nding themselves outmoded, out of step with current fashion and frequently un able to wear and make use of current styles, par ticularly of outer wearing apparel. 40 Besides the foregoing it is also readily apparent that solely as a matter of health and well being, and quite apart from all considerations of style and/or women's ?gures, it is imperative that women generally wear such‘ breast supporting 45 garments as w?l provide the uplift and support necessary to prevent undue strain (such as might be occasioned by exercise, strains or even the continual weight of the breasts themselves) which might result in a permanent stretch and distor 50 tion of the delicate breast tissues; and that proper and adequate support and uplift be employed at all times as a safeguard and means for retaining and conserving the natural and youthful con ?guration of bust lines. 2,115,397 2 are preferably formed‘ with curved upper and lower edges and taper down in width towards the mid-length of the garment where they each ter Considerable ‘difficulty has, in the past,’ been encountered in the creation of brassieres which would provide ready means whereby the desired necessary support and uplift could be adjustably arranged for by the wearer, to meet the wearer's minate in a relatively straight side edge lying to I one side of and at an angle to the garment's mid-length. requirements. _ s Se and It is the purpose of this invention, therefore, to provide a novel type of brassiere of novel con struction having the usual supporting and uplift 10 ing effect of the conventional breast receiving pockets enhanced by the embodiment of means straps 20>and 2|, respectively, which are prefer ably of elastic or like resilient material. As will appear from an inspection of the drawing these elements 20 and 2| are so arranged that they cross each other at substantially the mid-length of the garment behind the fabric element 3. It may be further noted that each of elements whereby the desired necessary support and up lift is' made available to the wearer, which bras siere is easy to wear and use as well as economical 15 to manufacture. _ ‘ red substantially in the center of the free each of elements l8 and iii are elongated , 20 and 2| after leaving the sling-like element I8, ‘ or l9 to which it is attached passes through both Referring now to the drawing, it willbe noted that we have shown at | and 2 two breast receiv tape elements 28, hereinafter more fully described ing pockets joined together by the upper‘ fabric element 3 and the lower elastic element 4, which breast receiving pockets have attached to their respective free ends the back bands 5 and 6. and explained, and thereafter through an eye 24, which is preferably rectangular, of an element 25 20 Attached to the free end of back band ‘6 is an having an integral hook portion 26, which hook portion is adapted‘to reception within and co elastic element 1 having secured at its free end the usual hook strip 3. Attached to the free sponding shoulder strap. It will be understood operation with a hook channel I ‘I in a corre that slidable adjustability of the elements 25 on 25 25 end of back band 5 is an elastic element 3 having secured at its free end an eye strip III, the eyes on ' the elements 20 and 2|, respectively, is thus pro which are adapted to engagement with the books vided. After passing through elements 25 it will be’ on hook strip 3, and the fabric of vwhich'eye strip‘ is extended to overlap and cover the hooks and noted that the free end of element 20 is at 22 se ' cured to substantially the highest point on ‘the 30 eyes when engaged and separate the same from upper edge of pocket I and that the free end of the skin of the wearer of the garment. Secured to back band 5 at its upper edge is an element 2| is at 23 secured to substantially the , elastic element II to the free end of which there highest point on the upper edge of pocket 2. A further inspection of the drawing will dis is attached a shoulder strap I2, and secured to close that the edges of the pockets and back 35 35 back band 6 at its upper edge is a similar elastic bands as shown are ?nished with tape 2'! which is element |3 attached to the free end of which is the shoulder strap I‘. As shown, the'other‘ or stitched to such edges. At each side of the fabric element 3. on the inside of the garment, however, ' . free ends of shoulder straps l2 and H are folded 30' there are provided tape elements 28 which are se cured at their upper ends to the tape 2'! on the‘ 40' back as shown at l5 and as thus folded stitched 40 along a plurality of parallel lines of stitch l6 run ning transversely of the fabric of ‘the’ respective shoulder straps. As will be observed from an inspection of the drawing, such plurality of paral lel lines of stitch I6 is effective to produce a plu 45 rality of successive parallel hook receiving chan nels H. ' Although as illustratively shown in the drawing we preferably provide ?ve of such hook receiving channels at the end of each of shoulder straps l2 and I‘, it should, however, be under stood that if desired a greater or lesser number 50 of such channels of appropriate width may be provided to yield a wider range of adjustability . upper edge of the respective garment pockets and at their lower ends by stitching 29 to the portion of the tape 21 running up from the lower edges of the respective garment pockets at the sides' of fabric element3. The tape elements 28 except 45 for attachment at their upper and lower ends are _ otherwise free and not secured to the fabric of the . pockets or element 3. These tape elements 28 are intended to con?ne and guide the elements 20 and 2| and, as will be observed, are so arranged 50 that the elements 20 and 2| each passes through both elements 28 between said elementsand the as the needs of the occasion may require by an I inner side of the fabric of the pockets | and 2 as appropriate increase or decrease in the number well as connecting element 3. It may be here of transverse lines of stitch I6 which are made again noted that the elements 20. and 2| while 55 transversely‘ of the. shoulder straps. Moreover, thus passing cross each other substantially be it will be observed that the employment of elastic tween the tape elements 28, or at substantially the mid-length of the garment. 7, , elements I | and I3 in conjunction with the chan To maintain the free endsof each ‘of the sling nels I1, is effective to provide for ?ner variation like elements i8 and IS in relatively straight con 60; 60 in effective shoulder strap length‘than might be dition at all times and to prevent crumpling of the possible by the employment of channels l1 alone. Turning now to the interior of the brassiere as fabric thereof either during use of the garment shown in Figs. 1 and 3, ‘it ‘will be noted that fabric or laundering thereof, the edges of such elements sling-like elements iii! and ‘I9 are secured in 65 breast receiving pockets | and '2, respectively, along the line of joinder of each of said pockets prior to being stitched to the elements 20' and 2|. . respectively, preferably are folded over back upon 65 ‘ themselves and stitched to enclose'in a fabric with its adjacent‘back band. In this connection channel thus created a resilient stiffening rib 300i ' whale-bone or other suitable materiaL, ' attention is directed to Fig. 4 where there is illus It should be noted that although we have tratively shown the manner in ‘which the fabric of one of the pockets, to wit: pocket 2, and the shown each of pockets | and 2 as individually 70 fabric of one of the backbands, to wit: back ‘ made of two' pieces“ of irregularly shaped fabric band 6, are joined to the fabric of one of the joined together‘by decorative open-work stitch sling-like elements,to wit: the sling-like element ing or so-called “fagoting”, that since the breast receiving pockets may be otherwise ‘satisfactorily I3. ‘ These sling-like elements l8, and I3 as shown constructed and the present invention employed 2,115,397 3 ’ with equal effect and advantage irrespective of pocket upper edge via the portion of the elethe construction of pockets to produce desired ments 2! and 20, respectively, running from the fullness, that we do not, therefore, intend that > particular pocket upper edge to the eye 24 of the present invention be taken to be in any way the particular element 25, as the case may be. Thus it will be observed that each shoulder limited in its use and application to any particular pocket construction or size.‘ Moreover, it should contributes to the support of both breasts and that each breast is supported by both shoulders. be further understood that the present inven Moreover, it will be further observed that, the tion may be employed with equal'effect and ad vantage not only in connection with brassieres degree of uplift and support‘ may be adjustably of the length illustratively shown in the drawing, determined to meet the convenience and -re 10 quirements of the wearer of the garment and but also in connection with brassieres of the so called “longer-length” type or those provided that if required, the wearer can arrange for equal or unequal pull of the shoulder straps. with depending body or diaphragm bands. In deed the instant invention can be employed with In this connection it is, of course, preferable to bene?cial results whenever appropriate uplift arrange for equal support of both breasts, but, 15 of course, abnormalities and lack of v?gure sym and support of the breasts is indicated as neces sary and may even, either alone or in conjunction with other devices, ?nd invaluable application and use as a surgical appliance. 20 ' Having thus described our novel construction, we will now brie?y describe the manner in which the same is used: In this connection it will be understood that a woman desiring the advantages of proper uplift 25 and support will naturally select and purchase a proper sized brassiere which will be constructed to afford her a desired range of adjustability. As is customary, the brassiere is secured by the wearer about her body so that the left breast is 30 received in pocket I and the right breast in pocket 2. ' The sling-like elements I8 and 19 are then preferably‘ arranged so that the inner-most sides thereof, to'wit: the sides thereof not facing the 35 fabric of pockets l and 2, respectively, come under each individual breast which contacts therewith so that each of the wearer's breasts rests upon a sling-like element. The wearer hav ing secured the brassiére about her body in the 40 fashion described, will then bring shoulder strap l4 over her right shoulder and shoulder strap l2 over her left shoulder and by passing the hook portions 26 of the elements 25 through successive hook channels I‘! at the ends of the shoulder 45 straps, will adjust the garment so as to provide herself with the desired necessary breast uplift and support and will, of course, leave the hook portions 26 of elements 25 in such hook channels l‘|_as provide the desired degree of uplift and 50 support. In this connection it should be noted that the upward pull provided by each shoulder strap is at the eyes 24 of elements 25 divided into two generally upward pulls, to wit: shoulder strap 55 14 exerts an upward pull on the upper edge of pocket 2 tending to support and raise the wearer's right breast and via the portion of ele ment 2| running from sling-like element l8 to eye 24 of the right element 25 a diagonally up 60 ward pull on sling-like element l8 towards the right tending to raise and uplift the left breast carried thereon. Similarly shoulder strap l2 exerts an upward pull on the upper edge of pocket I tending to support and raise the wear 65 er’s left breast and via the portion of element 20 running from sling-like element I! to eye 24 of the left element 25 a diagonally upward pull on sling-like element l9 towards the left, tending to raise and uplift the right breast carried 70 thereon. It is, of course, to be understood that the upward pull exerted by shoulder strap M on the upper edge of pocket 2 and the upward pull exerted by shoulder strap I 2 on the upper edge of 75 pocket I is transmitted in each case to the given metry may necessitate, in an individual case, unequal support. It should further be under- stood that due to the fact that ‘shoulder straps I2 and I4 are connected to elastic elements II 20 and I3, and have the plurality of hook chan-. nels l1, and due to the further fact that ele ments 20 and 2| are preferably of elastic, a rela tively wide range of adjustability is provided for each given garment size. ~ 25 We have found that the employment of the invention herein disclosed by us, when properly adjusted, applied and used, does not result in any compression or distortion of the wearer's breasts, but rather to ‘the contrary, is effective 30 to provide the desired necessary and proper up lift and support essential to the creation and/or conservation of a pleasing bust configuration. It will be obvious from the foregoing that the invention we have herein disclosed incorporates 35 many features which are possible of general adaptation in brassieres and other breast sup porting garments or devices generally,‘ such as bandeaux, combination garments, surgical ap pliances and the like. Furthermore, it is con 40 ceivable that materials other than those we have mentioned as preferable might be employed in place of those we have mentioned with equal result. Still further, we are, of course, aware that many changes in the details of construction 45 and relative arrangements of parts will readily suggest themselves to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, we do not, therefore, desire to be limited to the exact details herein set forth by way of illustration, but ‘rather to the spirit and 50 scope of our invention as we de?ne it in the appended claims. What we seek to secure by and claim for United States Letters Patent is: 1. In a garment of the type described, a pair 55 of breast receiving pockets, means securing said pockets together, a back band secured to the free end of each of said pockets, means for securing said back bands together and the garment about the body of the wearer, a sling-like element se cured along one end to each pocket along the line where such pocket is joined to its adjacent back band, resilient means joining said sling- . like element at its free end to the shoulder strap supporting the pocket opposite to that in which said sling-like element is secured, and means for adjustabiy varying the pull of each shoulder strap on the pocket it supports and the internal pocket sling-like element to which it is secured. 2. In a garment of the type described, a pair 70 of breast receiving pockets, means securing said pockets together, a back band secured to the free end of each of said pockets, an internal sling like element secured in each of said pockets along the line where each pocket joins its adjacent 75 4 2,115,:397 back band, such sling-like elements being adapted to lie in the lower portion of each breast receiv ing pocket and tapering inwidth towards the mid-length of the garment and terminating in relatively straight edges lying to one side of the mid-length of the garment and at an angle thereto, means disposed at the mid-length of the garment for directing and con?ning the pulls exerted on said vsling-like elements at their rela '10 tively straight edges, and means for supporting "each pocket and exerting an adjustable pull on '7. The structure recited in claim 6 character ized in that means ‘are providedadjacent the mid-length of the garment for limiting, contin ing and directing the play of said joinder means, 8. The structure recited in‘ claim 6 character ized in that the joinder means are arranged to 'eachpassthrough two tape elements secured in tenor‘ of the garment adjacent‘ the mid-length thereof and between such tape elements and-the fabric of the garment. ‘ the sling-like element in the pocket other than 9._ The'structurerecited in claim 6 character ized in that the joinder means consist in elon that supported by such means. gated elastic straps. ‘ . . 3. In a garment of the type described, a pair 15 of breast receiving pockets, means secu'ringsaid pockets together, a back band secured to the free end of each of said pockets along a line of seam, an internal relatively free sling-like element se cured in the lower portion of- each of said pockets 20 along the line of seam where each pocket joins its adjacent back band, such sling-like elements extending towards the mid-length of the gar; ment and terminating a short distance there from, an elastic element secured to the free end 25 of each of said sling-like elements, said elastic elements carrying slidable thereon an element - 10. In a garment of the type described, a pal of breast receiving pockets, movable means dis po'sed'in each of said pockets and arranged to] contact the wearer’s breasts from beneath, means connecting the free end of each of said movable, means to the upper edge of the pocket other than that in which such movable means is disposed, 20v means for pulling on said connecting means at a point between the ends thereof and means for adjusting the magnitude of said pull. , 11'. In a garment of the type described a pair of breast receiving pockets, a back band secured to the free end of each o1r said pockets, a sling carrying a hook and being secured at their free like‘ element secured in each of said pockets _ ends to the upper edge of the pocket opposite to where the same is joined to its adjacent'back that in which there is secured. the sling-like ele , band, resilient means connecting the free end of 30 ment to which they are joined, a pair of shoulder each of said sling-like elements to the upper 30, ‘straps and means whereby the aforesaid hook edge of the opposite pocket and means exerting may be secured‘to said shoulder straps at vari-_ a pull of adjustable magnitude upon said con ous positions thereon to selectively enable the necting means at a point between the ends’ wearer to adjust the effective length and upward 12. In a garment of the type described a pair 35 pull of the shoulder straps. of breast receiving pockets, a back band secured ' v4. The structure recited in claim 3 character ized in .that means are provided adjacent the tolthe free end of each of said pockets, a sling like element secured in each of said pockets at mid-length of the garment for con?ning and di thereof. ' . recting the elastic elements which join the sling thefjoinder thereof with its adjacent backband, 40 like elements to the upper edges of opposed pock means joining the free end of ‘each of said mov able elements with the upper edge of the pocket ets, at the region where such elastic elements other than that in which said sling-like‘ element , cross each other. 5. The structure recited in claim 3 character ized in that the ends of the sling-like elements 45 adjacent the mid-length of the garment, are pro vided, each with a stiffening rib. ‘so ' 6. In a garment of the type described, a pair of pockets,'means secured, internally in each of said pockets, at the sides thereof foradjustably uplifting and supporting the wearer’s breasts and means joining said_ last mentioned means to the upper edges of opposite pockets, said joinder means being adapted to cross each other at sub stantially the mid-length of the garment, and a 55 shoulder strap the effective length of which may be varied to suit the wearer’s needs secured at‘ one end to the back of the garment and at the other end to said joinder means adjacent the upper edges of the pockets. . is disposed, a movable element adapted tov be car ried on and vmoved along said last mentioned joinder means, a shoulder strap secured to each backhand and means for engaging reach of said movable elements to its corresponding shoulder strap at different positions adjacent the free end of such shoulder strap. ' ~ - 13. The structure recited in claim 3 charac- 1* terized in that each shoulder strap has a resilient portion to provide for fine variation in e?ective shoulder strap length. 14. The structure recited in claim 6 character ized in that each shoulder strap has a resilient portion to provide for ?ne variation in effective shoulder strap length. ' WILLIAM ROSENTHVAL. CHARLES M. SACHS. '