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Патент USA US2115397

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April 26; 1938.
_
W.IRO>SENTHAL‘. El‘ AL
2,115,397
’ ,BRAssIERE: ' "
Filed} May 8, 1936
~
.
OSENI'HAL
SgYCHARLES m. Suns
‘THEIR
TTORNEY.
'
2,115,397
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
‘UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE
2,115,397
naassmaa
William Rosenthal, New York, and Charles M. -
Sachs, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignors to‘Maiden
Form Brassiere Company, Inc., New York, N. Y.,
a corporation of New York
Application May 8, 1938, Serial No. 78,598
14 Claims. (Cl. 2-42)
' .
ment and relative location of parts, all as will
This invention relates broadly to a new bras
appear more fully hereinafter.
,
siere construction.
Referring to the drawing, in which the same
One of the objects of this'invention is the
creation of a brassiere which is adapted to sup-v reference numerals are used throughout the sev
eral views to indicate the same or similar parts,
port the bust in natural position.
Another object of this invention is the creation it will be found that:
Fig. 1 represents a rear elevational view of a
of a brassiére having the constructional elements
brassiere employing the novel principles of our
thereof so arranged, located, associated and com
bined that the breasts of the wearer thereof by construction shown as spread out and with the
back straps disengaged from each other and with 10
virtue of the employment of the brassiere are up
lifted to a predetermined degree and- ?rmly and the shoulder straps disengaged at their forward
comfortably supported in a natural uplifted posi
tion.
Another object of this invention is the creation
of a breast supporting garment embodying adjust
able means for uplifting and supporting the
wearer’s breasts.
Another object of this invention is the creation
of a brassiere embodying means whereby each of
the wearer’s breasts is individually supported and
uplifted by both of the shoulders of the wearer.
Another object of this invention is the creation
of a brassiere having within each breast receiv
ing pocket thereof a relatively free and adjustable
sling-like element adapted to under-breast con
tact for the purpose of supporting and uplifting
the wearer's breasts.
A further object of this invention is'the creation
of a brassiere including novel internal adjustable
breast supporting and uplifting elements.
A further object of this invention is the pro
vision of a novel brassiere construction, wherein
each shoulder strap may be adjusted or com
pletely disengaged at one end thereof.
A still further object of this invention is the
creation of a brassiére providing desired breast
uplift and support and which is adapted to ready
manufacture in quantity, and'is of strong and
durable construction although soft, comfortable
and easy to wear.
These and many other objects are secured by
the brassiere construction herein disclosed. Var
ious other objects and advantages of the inven
tion than those hereinabove speci?cally men
tioned will appear more fully hereinafter. It is to
be understood, that the speci?c form or forms
shown are merely illustrative and hence the de
tailed description thereof is not to be taken as
limiting the invention itself.
This application is a companionto the sole ap
plication of William Rosenthal, Serial No. 78,599,
?led May 8, 1936.
This invention resides substantially in the parts
as well as the combination, construction, arrange
ends;
‘
Fig. 2 represents a front elevational view
thereof :
-
Fig. 3 represents a rear perspective view of our 15
novel brassiére construction, shown in wearing
position; and
Fig. 4 represents a sectional view, taken along
the section line 4-4 of Fig. 1, looking in the
direction of the arrows.
20
As is well known, the trend in present day
women's styles is towards accentuation of the
natural breast and body lines so as to emphasize
the inherent beauty in the natural curves of the
well developed human form, while providing. a 25
high degree of comfort and freedom of natural
movement.
Some women find that their bust line is not
sufficiently accentuated and outstanding to accord
with presentgday styles because their breasts al 30
though of ample proportions are pendulous.
Other women having the desired con?gura- -
tion of bust line ?nd that they are often in serious
danger of losing the same for one reason or an
other such, for example, as. because of lactation, 35
abnormalities and the like. Women such as these
run the risk of ?nding themselves outmoded, out
of step with current fashion and frequently un
able to wear and make use of current styles, par
ticularly of outer wearing apparel.
40
Besides the foregoing it is also readily apparent
that solely as a matter of health and well being,
and quite apart from all considerations of style
and/or women's ?gures, it is imperative that
women generally wear such‘ breast supporting 45
garments as w?l provide the uplift and support
necessary to prevent undue strain (such as might
be occasioned by exercise, strains or even the
continual weight of the breasts themselves) which
might result in a permanent stretch and distor 50
tion of the delicate breast tissues; and that proper
and adequate support and uplift be employed at
all times as a safeguard and means for retaining
and conserving the natural and youthful con
?guration of bust lines.
2,115,397
2
are preferably formed‘ with curved upper and
lower edges and taper down in width towards the
mid-length of the garment where they each ter
Considerable ‘difficulty has, in the past,’ been
encountered in the creation of brassieres which
would provide ready means whereby the desired
necessary support and uplift could be adjustably
arranged for by the wearer, to meet the wearer's
minate in a relatively straight side edge lying to I
one side of and at an angle to the garment's
mid-length.
requirements.
_
s
Se
and
It is the purpose of this invention, therefore,
to provide a novel type of brassiere of novel con
struction having the usual supporting and uplift
10 ing effect of the conventional breast receiving
pockets enhanced by the embodiment of means
straps 20>and 2|, respectively, which are prefer
ably of elastic or like resilient material. As will
appear from an inspection of the drawing these
elements 20 and 2| are so arranged that they
cross each other at substantially the mid-length
of the garment behind the fabric element 3.
It may be further noted that each of elements
whereby the desired necessary support and up
lift is' made available to the wearer, which bras
siere is easy to wear and use as well as economical
15
to manufacture.
_
‘
red substantially in the center of the free
each of elements l8 and iii are elongated
,
20 and 2| after leaving the sling-like element I8, ‘
or l9 to which it is attached passes through both
Referring now to the drawing, it willbe noted
that we have shown at | and 2 two breast receiv
tape elements 28, hereinafter more fully described
ing pockets joined together by the upper‘ fabric
element 3 and the lower elastic element 4, which
breast receiving pockets have attached to their
respective free ends the back bands 5 and 6.
and explained, and thereafter through an eye 24,
which is preferably rectangular, of an element 25 20
Attached to the free end of back band ‘6 is an
having an integral hook portion 26, which hook
portion is adapted‘to reception within and co
elastic element 1 having secured at its free end
the usual hook strip 3. Attached to the free
sponding shoulder strap. It will be understood
operation with a hook channel I ‘I in a corre
that slidable adjustability of the elements 25 on 25
25 end of back band 5 is an elastic element 3 having
secured at its free end an eye strip III, the eyes on ' the elements 20 and 2|, respectively, is thus pro
which are adapted to engagement with the books vided.
After passing through elements 25 it will be’
on hook strip 3, and the fabric of vwhich'eye strip‘
is extended to overlap and cover the hooks and noted that the free end of element 20 is at 22 se
' cured to substantially the highest point on ‘the
30 eyes when engaged and separate the same from upper edge of pocket I and that the free end of
the skin of the wearer of the garment.
Secured to back band 5 at its upper edge is an element 2| is at 23 secured to substantially the ,
elastic element II to the free end of which there highest point on the upper edge of pocket 2.
A further inspection of the drawing will dis
is attached a shoulder strap I2, and secured to
close
that the edges of the pockets and back 35
35 back band 6 at its upper edge is a similar elastic bands as shown are ?nished with tape 2'! which is
element |3 attached to the free end of which is
the shoulder strap I‘. As shown, the'other‘ or stitched to such edges. At each side of the fabric
element 3. on the inside of the garment, however,
' . free ends of shoulder straps l2 and H are folded
30'
there are provided tape elements 28 which are se
cured at their upper ends to the tape 2'! on the‘ 40'
back as shown at l5 and as thus folded stitched
40 along a plurality of parallel lines of stitch l6 run
ning transversely of the fabric of ‘the’ respective
shoulder straps. As will be observed from an
inspection of the drawing, such plurality of paral
lel lines of stitch I6 is effective to produce a plu
45 rality of successive parallel hook receiving chan
nels H. ' Although as illustratively shown in the
drawing we preferably provide ?ve of such hook
receiving channels at the end of each of shoulder
straps l2 and I‘, it should, however, be under
stood that if desired a greater or lesser number
50
of such channels of appropriate width may be
provided to yield a wider range of adjustability
.
upper edge of the respective garment pockets and
at their lower ends by stitching 29 to the portion
of the tape 21 running up from the lower edges of
the respective garment pockets at the sides' of
fabric element3. The tape elements 28 except 45
for attachment at their upper and lower ends are _
otherwise free and not secured to the fabric of the .
pockets or element 3. These tape elements 28 are
intended to con?ne and guide the elements 20
and 2| and, as will be observed, are so arranged 50
that the elements 20 and 2| each passes through
both elements 28 between said elementsand the
as the needs of the occasion may require by an I inner side of the fabric of the pockets | and 2 as
appropriate increase or decrease in the number well as connecting element 3. It may be here
of transverse lines of stitch I6 which are made again noted that the elements 20. and 2| while 55
transversely‘ of the. shoulder straps. Moreover, thus passing cross each other substantially be
it will be observed that the employment of elastic tween the tape elements 28, or at substantially
the mid-length of the garment. 7,
,
elements I | and I3 in conjunction with the chan
To maintain the free endsof each ‘of the sling
nels I1, is effective to provide for ?ner variation
like elements i8 and IS in relatively straight con 60;
60 in effective shoulder strap length‘than might be dition at all times and to prevent crumpling of the
possible by the employment of channels l1 alone.
Turning now to the interior of the brassiere as fabric thereof either during use of the garment
shown in Figs. 1 and 3, ‘it ‘will be noted that fabric or laundering thereof, the edges of such elements
sling-like elements iii! and ‘I9 are secured in
65 breast receiving pockets | and '2, respectively,
along the line of joinder of each of said pockets
prior to being stitched to the elements 20' and 2|. .
respectively, preferably are folded over back upon 65
‘ themselves and stitched to enclose'in a fabric
with its adjacent‘back band. In this connection channel thus created a resilient stiffening rib 300i '
whale-bone or other suitable materiaL,
'
attention is directed to Fig. 4 where there is illus
It should be noted that although we have
tratively shown the manner in ‘which the fabric
of one of the pockets, to wit: pocket 2, and the shown each of pockets | and 2 as individually 70
fabric of one of the backbands, to wit: back ‘ made of two' pieces“ of irregularly shaped fabric
band 6, are joined to the fabric of one of the joined together‘by decorative open-work stitch
sling-like elements,to wit: the sling-like element ing or so-called “fagoting”, that since the breast
receiving pockets may be otherwise ‘satisfactorily
I3.
‘
These sling-like elements l8, and I3 as shown constructed and the present invention employed
2,115,397
3 ’
with equal effect and advantage irrespective of pocket upper edge via the portion of the elethe construction of pockets to produce desired ments 2! and 20, respectively, running from the
fullness, that we do not, therefore, intend that > particular pocket upper edge to the eye 24 of
the present invention be taken to be in any way the particular element 25, as the case may be.
Thus it will be observed that each shoulder
limited in its use and application to any particular
pocket construction or size.‘ Moreover, it should contributes to the support of both breasts and
that each breast is supported by both shoulders.
be further understood that the present inven
Moreover, it will be further observed that, the
tion may be employed with equal'effect and ad
vantage not only in connection with brassieres degree of uplift and support‘ may be adjustably
of the length illustratively shown in the drawing, determined to meet the convenience and -re 10
quirements of the wearer of the garment and
but also in connection with brassieres of the so
called “longer-length” type or those provided that if required, the wearer can arrange for
equal or unequal pull of the shoulder straps.
with depending body or diaphragm bands. In
deed the instant invention can be employed with In this connection it is, of course, preferable to
bene?cial results whenever appropriate uplift arrange for equal support of both breasts, but, 15
of course, abnormalities and lack of v?gure sym
and support of the breasts is indicated as neces
sary and may even, either alone or in conjunction
with other devices, ?nd invaluable application
and use as a surgical appliance.
20
'
Having thus described our novel construction,
we will now brie?y describe the manner in which
the same is used:
In this connection it will be understood that a
woman desiring the advantages of proper uplift
25 and support will naturally select and purchase a
proper sized brassiere which will be constructed
to afford her a desired range of adjustability.
As is customary, the brassiere is secured by the
wearer about her body so that the left breast is
30 received in pocket I and the right breast in
pocket 2.
'
The sling-like elements I8 and 19 are then
preferably‘ arranged so that the inner-most sides
thereof, to'wit: the sides thereof not facing the
35 fabric of pockets l and 2, respectively, come
under each individual breast which contacts
therewith so that each of the wearer's breasts
rests upon a sling-like element. The wearer hav
ing secured the brassiére about her body in the
40 fashion described, will then bring shoulder strap
l4 over her right shoulder and shoulder strap l2
over her left shoulder and by passing the hook
portions 26 of the elements 25 through successive
hook channels I‘! at the ends of the shoulder
45 straps, will adjust the garment so as to provide
herself with the desired necessary breast uplift
and support and will, of course, leave the hook
portions 26 of elements 25 in such hook channels
l‘|_as provide the desired degree of uplift and
50
support.
In this connection it should be noted that
the upward pull provided by each shoulder strap
is at the eyes 24 of elements 25 divided into two
generally upward pulls, to wit: shoulder strap
55 14 exerts an upward pull on the upper edge of
pocket 2 tending to support and raise the
wearer's right breast and via the portion of ele
ment 2| running from sling-like element l8 to
eye 24 of the right element 25 a diagonally up
60 ward pull on sling-like element l8 towards the
right tending to raise and uplift the left breast
carried thereon. Similarly shoulder strap l2
exerts an upward pull on the upper edge of
pocket I tending to support and raise the wear
65 er’s left breast and via the portion of element 20
running from sling-like element I! to eye 24
of the left element 25 a diagonally upward pull
on sling-like element l9 towards the left, tending
to raise and uplift the right breast carried
70 thereon.
It is, of course, to be understood that the
upward pull exerted by shoulder strap M on
the upper edge of pocket 2 and the upward pull
exerted by shoulder strap I 2 on the upper edge of
75 pocket I is transmitted in each case to the given
metry may necessitate, in an individual case,
unequal support. It should further be under- stood that due to the fact that ‘shoulder straps
I2 and I4 are connected to elastic elements II 20
and I3, and have the plurality of hook chan-.
nels l1, and due to the further fact that ele
ments 20 and 2| are preferably of elastic, a rela
tively wide range of adjustability is provided for
each given garment size.
~
25
We have found that the employment of the
invention herein disclosed by us, when properly
adjusted, applied and used, does not result in
any compression or distortion of the wearer's
breasts, but rather to ‘the contrary, is effective 30
to provide the desired necessary and proper up
lift and support essential to the creation and/or
conservation of a pleasing bust configuration.
It will be obvious from the foregoing that the
invention we have herein disclosed incorporates 35
many features which are possible of general
adaptation in brassieres and other breast sup
porting garments or devices generally,‘ such as
bandeaux, combination garments, surgical ap
pliances and the like. Furthermore, it is con 40
ceivable that materials other than those we have
mentioned as preferable might be employed in
place of those we have mentioned with equal
result.
Still further, we are, of course, aware
that many changes in the details of construction 45
and relative arrangements of parts will readily
suggest themselves to those skilled in the art.
Accordingly, we do not, therefore, desire to be
limited to the exact details herein set forth by
way of illustration, but ‘rather to the spirit and 50
scope of our invention as we de?ne it in the
appended claims.
What we seek to secure by and claim for
United States Letters Patent is:
1. In a garment of the type described, a pair 55
of breast receiving pockets, means securing said
pockets together, a back band secured to the free
end of each of said pockets, means for securing
said back bands together and the garment about
the body of the wearer, a sling-like element se
cured along one end to each pocket along the
line where such pocket is joined to its adjacent
back band, resilient means joining said sling- .
like element at its free end to the shoulder strap
supporting the pocket opposite to that in which
said sling-like element is secured, and means for
adjustabiy varying the pull of each shoulder
strap on the pocket it supports and the internal
pocket sling-like element to which it is secured.
2. In a garment of the type described, a pair 70
of breast receiving pockets, means securing said
pockets together, a back band secured to the free
end of each of said pockets, an internal sling
like element secured in each of said pockets along
the line where each pocket joins its adjacent 75
4
2,115,:397
back band, such sling-like elements being adapted
to lie in the lower portion of each breast receiv
ing pocket and tapering inwidth towards the
mid-length of the garment and terminating in
relatively straight edges lying to one side of the
mid-length of the garment and at an angle
thereto, means disposed at the mid-length of the
garment for directing and con?ning the pulls
exerted on said vsling-like elements at their rela
'10 tively straight edges, and means for supporting
"each pocket and exerting an adjustable pull on
'7. The structure recited in claim 6 character
ized in that means ‘are providedadjacent the
mid-length of the garment for limiting, contin
ing and directing the play of said joinder means,
8. The structure recited in‘ claim 6 character
ized in that the joinder means are arranged to
'eachpassthrough two tape elements secured in
tenor‘ of the garment adjacent‘ the mid-length
thereof and between such tape elements and-the
fabric of the garment.
‘
the sling-like element in the pocket other than
9._ The'structurerecited in claim 6 character
ized in that the joinder means consist in elon
that supported by such means.
gated elastic straps.
‘
.
.
3. In a garment of the type described, a pair
15 of breast receiving pockets, means secu'ringsaid
pockets together, a back band secured to the free
end of each of said pockets along a line of seam,
an internal relatively free sling-like element se
cured in the lower portion of- each of said pockets
20 along the line of seam where each pocket joins
its adjacent back band, such sling-like elements
extending towards the mid-length of the gar;
ment and terminating a short distance there
from, an elastic element secured to the free end
25 of each of said sling-like elements, said elastic
elements carrying slidable thereon an element
-
10. In a garment of the type described, a pal
of breast receiving pockets, movable means dis
po'sed'in each of said pockets and arranged to]
contact the wearer’s breasts from beneath, means
connecting the free end of each of said movable,
means to the upper edge of the pocket other than
that in which such movable means is disposed, 20v
means for pulling on said connecting means at
a point between the ends thereof and means for
adjusting the magnitude of said pull.
,
11'. In a garment of the type described a pair
of breast receiving pockets, a back band secured
to the free end of each o1r said pockets, a sling
carrying a hook and being secured at their free like‘ element secured in each of said pockets _
ends to the upper edge of the pocket opposite to where the same is joined to its adjacent'back
that in which there is secured. the sling-like ele , band, resilient means connecting the free end of
30 ment to which they are joined, a pair of shoulder each of said sling-like elements to the upper 30,
‘straps and means whereby the aforesaid hook edge of the opposite pocket and means exerting
may be secured‘to said shoulder straps at vari-_ a pull of adjustable magnitude upon said con
ous positions thereon to selectively enable the necting means at a point between the ends’
wearer to adjust the effective length and upward
12. In a garment of the type described a pair
35 pull of the shoulder straps.
of breast receiving pockets, a back band secured '
v4. The structure recited in claim 3 character
ized in .that means are provided adjacent the tolthe free end of each of said pockets, a sling
like element secured in each of said pockets at
mid-length of the garment for con?ning and di
thereof.
'
.
recting the elastic elements which join the sling
thefjoinder thereof with its adjacent backband,
40 like elements to the upper edges of opposed pock
means joining the free end of ‘each of said mov
able elements with the upper edge of the pocket
ets, at the region where such elastic elements
other than that in which said sling-like‘ element ,
cross each other.
5. The structure recited in claim 3 character
ized in that the ends of the sling-like elements
45 adjacent the mid-length of the garment, are pro
vided, each with a stiffening rib.
‘so
'
6. In a garment of the type described, a pair
of pockets,'means secured, internally in each of
said pockets, at the sides thereof foradjustably
uplifting and supporting the wearer’s breasts and
means joining said_ last mentioned means to the
upper edges of opposite pockets, said joinder
means being adapted to cross each other at sub
stantially the mid-length of the garment, and a
55 shoulder strap the effective length of which may
be varied to suit the wearer’s needs secured at‘
one end to the back of the garment and at the
other end to said joinder means adjacent the
upper edges of the pockets.
.
is disposed, a movable element adapted tov be car
ried on and vmoved along said last mentioned
joinder means, a shoulder strap secured to each
backhand and means for engaging reach of said
movable elements to its corresponding shoulder
strap at different positions adjacent the free end
of such shoulder strap.
' ~
-
13. The structure recited in claim 3 charac- 1*
terized in that each shoulder strap has a resilient
portion to provide for fine variation in e?ective
shoulder strap length.
14. The structure recited in claim 6 character
ized in that each shoulder strap has a resilient
portion to provide for ?ne variation in effective
shoulder strap length.
'
WILLIAM ROSENTHVAL.
CHARLES M. SACHS.
'
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