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Патент USA US2115623

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April 26, 1938. A '
‘Filed Feb. 17, 1936
Patented Apr. 26, 1938
Anne de Tepl‘a, New York, N. Y.
Application February 1'7, 1936, Serial No. 64,355
1 Claim.
My invention relates to rope holders.
, More particularly, my invention is directed to
holding means correlated with one or more ropes
of a Venetian blind, awning, sun-end other
.screen or like gravity operative appliance set
table by means of such rope or ropes to any de
sired position, such one or more ropes being
threaded through the holding means whereby
upon application of a pull manually upon such
10 '
one or more ropes in proper relation to the hold
ing means such one or more ropes are free to
afford the desired setting of such gravity opera~
tive appliance and upon attainment of the de
sired setting movement of such one or more
ropes transverse to their stated free movement
my holding means immediately and positively
retains such one or more ropes at the desired
An especial feature of my holding means re
sides in what may be termed a base member ar~
ranged to be secured to a frame of ‘a window,
door or like ?xed support, with which window,
door or the like, the Venetian blind or like grav
ityoperative appliance is associated, and a set
,of mutually, hingedly related members in turn
hingedly related to such base member, the one or
more ropes being threaded between such set of
mutually hingedly related members, whereby
upon manual pull upon such rope or ropes, in the
30.. direction of extension of the rope or ropes por
tions from the holding means to such gravity,
operative appliance, the rope or ropes are free
to be set at any: position either by further pull
O .
in the said freeing direction or in the reverse
direction while under such pull, and upon at
tainment of the desired setting,gmovement of
the rope or ropes in direction normal ,to the
stated freeing direction, such mutually hingedly
related members swing relative to such base
~10 member and under the stress exerted by the blind
or like gravity operative appliance positively
clamp the therebetween interposed rope or ropes.
In commercial embodiments of my invention, I
provide further sheave means about which such
;rope or ropes pass, usually in direction trans
verse to the direction of the portions of such
rope or ropes extending to the holding means,
such sheave means being unitarily mounted on
such base member. If desired and as preferred,
‘my holding means is equipped with an attach
merit carried by such base member, serving, as
in the shipment, storage, etc..of the Venetian
(Cl. 24>—-133)
will be more fully understood from the follow
ing detail description and, the accompanying
drawing, in which
Fig. 1 is a detail side elevation of a preferred
embodiment of my rope holder, shown in side
elevation in association with an appliance of the
nature of a Venetian blind. This view illustrates
the indicated ropes in free status for setting.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation, normal to that of
Fig. l, of my rope holder. This view illustrates
the indicated ropes in full outline in free status
for setting and in dot and dash outline in clamped
Fig. 3 is an exploded view in perspective of cer
tain essential parts of my rope holder.
Referring to the drawing, my rope holder com»
prises in essentials a base member ID relative to
which is hingedly mounted a set of mutually
hingedly related members I I, I2. The base mem~
ber I0 is suitably secured in ?xed position, re
ferred to more fully hereinafter.
Preferably, the hinge intermounting of the
stated members is had by pivot lugs and aper
tured ears; Illa, Illa, designate such apertured
ears of the base member I I], which are readily
produced from suitable metal by blanking and
The cooperating pivot lugs of the member II‘
are designated Ila, Ila. The pivot lugs of the
member l2 are designated I2a, I2a. Pivot bear 30
ings IIb, lib in the member II for cooperation
with the pivot lugs I 2a, I 20!. of the member I2, are
advantageously provided in the side ears I I0, I I0,
of the member II.
I3, I3, represent in this instance, two ropes of
the indicated Venetian blind, the top bar of which
is shown at I4. Such top bar I4 is stationarily
or ?xedly supported, as by bracket, hook suspen
sion or other usual means, in suitable relation to
the frame of a ‘window, door, porch standards,
etc., to afford operation under gravity of the
blind, awning or the like in desired relation to
the opening of the window, door, porch, etc.
In such or kindred association, I prefer to at
tach my holder means unitarily to the Venetian
5 ,
blind, in which unitary association, the base
member is stationarily supported, as by secure
ment to such top bar I4, as by the intermedia
tion of a bracket I5, secured by rivet or the like
at I5a to such bar I4, and by rivet or the like at 50
I5b to one pivot ear Illa of the base member ill.
Clamping relation between the clamp effective
blind or the like to retain the same in collapsed
portion lid of the member II and therewith co
operating clamp effective portion I2c of the mem
ber I2 and therope or ropes I3, interposed between 55,
Further features and objects of the invention
such clamp effective portions “(1 and I20, i. e.,
by threading such rope or ropes therebetween, is
optimally had by orienting such clamping effective
portions Md and I 20 to make a proper angle,
usually greater than forty-?ve angular degrees
zontally extending element or portion attached
to or a part of the lowermost slat or movable
part of the blind, with which slot 20 cooperates
a gravity-acting, retaining lock member 2|, piv
oted upwardly at 2Ia and provided with an open
ended slot 2Ib, such pin being mutually passed
and less than ninety angular degrees, optimally
about sixty angular degrees, with one another
when in clamping engagement with such rope or
through the stated open ends of the said slots
20, 2 la, the arcuate edge 20a upon which such pin
ropes I3, as appears from the comparative posi
rests under weight of the blind structure, but
10 tions of these parts as shown in full outline and
in dot and dash outline in Fig. 2, and also as
is shown in exploded perspective view in Fig. 3.
which may be released from looking relation by 10
manual pull to ride over such arcuate edge 20a.
the stated clamp effective portions I Id, I2c, upon
Advantageously, as shown, the member I2 has
an effective length less than that of member II,
whereby in coaction with the appreciable diame
ter and limited pliability of rope employed for 15
Venetian blinds, awnings and the like, the mutu
such rope or ropes I3.
ally angularly related portions I Id, I2c, function
In such or equivalent relationship, any increase
of stress exerted through the rope or ropes I3 in
creases the angle of bite exercised mutually by
tion reverse of that indicated by the arrow I6,
to effectively grip and clamp the rope under the
stated clamping condition. Such clamping ac
tion is facilitated by the portion of the rope ex 20
tending below the mutually angularly related por
tions IId, I 20, which rope portion under action
of its weight gives rise to an abrupt bend in the
rope about the angular portion I Id of the mem
ber II, which it will be noted, is located beyond 25
the member I 2 and the base member II]. In
while the rope or ropes I3 are held manually suf
crease of stress of the rope above my rope holder,
?ciently to keep such rope or ropes taut, and,
also, upon manually swinging the rope or ropes
in the arcuate direction indicated by the arcuate
arrow H, see Fig. 2, and release of the rope
or ropes I3, the mutual clamping relationship of
the clamping portions Nd and I20 with respect
therefore, tends to elevate the angular portions
IId, I20, and thus increase the angle of bend
referred to, resulting in increase of bite upon the 30
rope by the clamping, angular portions IId, I20.
to the therebetween interposed rope or ropes I3
respective ends of the longitudinal portions Ilc,
I I0, and extends transversely to the longitudinal
Such mutually hinged relation between the re
spective members I0, I I, I2, see Fig. 2, upon man
20 ually applied pull, indicated by the arrow I6
upon the rope or ropes I3, affords full freedom
of movement, such rope or ropes I3 either man
ually pulled in continued direction of the arrow
I6, thus elevating the Venetian blind, awning
or the like‘, or full freedom of movement in direc
35 is automatically restored and is positively effected
As appears from the herein disclosure, the por
tion IId of the member II is connected at the
and effective.
Subsequent re-setting of the Venetian blind,
awning or the like, is had by manual pull upon
portions I I0. Preferably, as also appears, the por
the rope or ropes I3 in direction reverse to that
of the member II, such angle of extension of
the portion IId relative to the direction of length 40
of the member II being selected with relation to
the position of the portion I2c of the member I2
indicated by the arrow I'I, whereupon the above
operation of setting in direction either that of
the arrow IE or reverse, is repeated.
As above indicated, I prefer to associate my
holder means unitarily with the structure of the
45 Venetian blind or the like, to which objective,
as shown in the drawing, I provide the extension
I8 of the base member ID, to mount the usual
sheave‘ I9 over which the rope or ropes I3 pass.
Advantageously, such extension I8 is further
50 extended laterally, see IBa, IBb, to form a hous
ing for such sheave I9.
It will be observed that the stated preferred
manner of hinged relationship between the mem
ber I0 and the member I I, and between the mem~
55 ber II and the member I2 obviates the presence
of any pin serving as an interconnecting hinge
element and provides unobstructed clearances
between the stated sets of hinged elements I0, I I,
I2, through which clearances the rope or ropes
60 I3 pass without friction or other obstruction.
The above or equivalent construction is ad
vantageous, in that the members II and I2, like
the member I0, may be produced economically
from suitable metal by blanking and forming.
Desirably, as for association with a Venetian
blind, I provide further means for retaining the
blind in collapsed status, as when the blind has
been installed and is raised to fully closed posi
tion, to be retained in such position, or when
being shipped or when being stored, or the like.
To such or other end, I provide the slot 20, hav
ing a slightly upwardly extending arcuate lower
edge 20a, such slot 20 being open ended, as indi
75 cated at 20b, to receive the usual pin or like hori
tion IId extends at an angle other than normal
(i. e., at a right angle) to the direction of length
and the effective diameter of the rope or ropes I3
to attain the range of angle of bite therewith,when
the stated parts are in rope clamping status, as 45
herein above more particularly set forth.
Whereas, I have described my invention by ref~
erence to speci?c forms thereof, it will be under
stood that many changes and modi?cations may
be made without departing from the spirit of 50
the invention.
I claim:
A self-contained rope holder ?xture for Vene
tian blinds and the like, comprising a stamped
sheet metal base having a U-shaped portion at
its upper part, a sheave carried by said upper
part, lugs extending parallel to the sheave axis
near the lower part of said base, a U-shaped mem
ber pivotally mounted in the lugs of said base
member below said sheave, said last member com
prising mutually spaced longitudinal portions and
an interconnecting transverse portion at their
outer ends, a second U-shaped member compris
ing two parallel longitudinal portions and a trans
verse portion connecting the outer ends thereof, 65
said transverse portion being convexly formed on
its inner face, said last member having an effective
length less than the said ?rst U-shaped member,
the inner ends of said longitudinal portions being
pivotally mounted in the longitudinal portions 70
of the ?rst U-shaped member whereby one edge
of said convexly formed interconnecting trans
verse portion of the second U-shaped member is
substantially adjacent to one edge of the inter
connecting transverse portion of the ?rst U 75
shaped member, said sheave means being dis
posed with respect to members to locate a rope
passing thereabout slightly to one side of a line
between the sheave and the pivots of said ?rst
5 mentioned U-shaped member, thence under the
convexly formed transverse portion of the second
U-shaped member and over the outer edge of the
transverse portion of the ?rst U-shaped member
whereby any pull exerted on the rope in an up
ward direction will cause the rope to be gripped
between the adjacent edges of the transverse por
tions of both of said U-shaped members.
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