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Патент USA US2115721

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Mayß, 1938-
l.
G. JACKSON Er AL
2,115,721
NONREFILLABLE CLOSURE FOR B_OTTLES‘ AND OTHER' CONTAINERS
Filed 0017. 3, 1936
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Patented May 3, 1938
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NETED STATES
2,115,721
NONREFILLABLE VCLOSURE IK‘OR. BOTTLES
`AND OTHER CONTAINERS
Gilbert Jackson, New York, N. Y., and Joseph
F. Maher, Ridgefield Park, N. J.
Application October 3, 1936, serial No. 103,810
1 Claim. (c1. 2154-22)
This invention relates to closures and it par
ticularly relates to nonreñllable closures for bot
tles and similar liquid containing receptacles.
In Patent No. 1,348,116, dated July 27, 1920
and in the co-pending applications, Serial No.
697,892, ñled November 1, 1933, and Serial No.
742,696, ñled September 4, 1934, there are dis
closed nonreñllable bottle closures or caps, which
have ior their objects, the prevention of the re
ñlling of bottles after they had been emptied.
In said patent and applications, there are dis
closed hollow valve members,which are enclosed
in and cooperate with a valve seat casing member
inserted into the mouths of bottles. Above the
1. : C: valves are positioned locking balls, the balls being
conñned between the valve members on one side,
and concave contact members at the other.
In these closures, as well as other types of
closures, with change in temperature, as when
the bottles provided with the closures are taken
2
from indoors to outdoors in winter, or are moved
from a warm place to a cool place, either indoors
or outdoors, there are times when the vapors or
air above the liquid in the bottle will tend to
condense or contract resulting in the creation of
a partial vacuum.
This makes pouring rather difficult, as such a
vacuum will tend to hold the valve closed, even
against the weight of the liquid in the inverted
bottle.
80
An object of the present invention is to pro
vide a nonreñllable bottle closure oi the type
above described, in which the valve member and
its associated parts may be 'most inexpensively
and easily constructed from readily available ma
C43 CII
terials, as for example, ceramic materials, and
which will be readily operated to permit pouring,
even when cooling of the bottle results in a par
tial vacuum.
40
ther objects will appear during the course of
the iollowing specification.
The essential feature of the present invention
resides in the provision of breathing openings in
the closure structure, permitting passage of va
45 pors to the interior of the bottle from the at-v
mosphere when partial vacuums are created, but
preventing passage of liquid.
These passageways may be most conveniently
formed in a ceramic valve material, by inserting
thin flexible wires or needles into the ceramic
material when molded or formed and still soft,
and before firing and vitriiicatlon.
The needles or wires should preferably be of
such resiliency as to be deflected by harder par
ticles in the ceramic and follow an irregular path
through such ceramic. VThis sort of a passage
will more readily tend to block liquid passage,
while permitting gaseous flow.
It has been found most suitable in one em
bodiment to provide a valve casing having an up
per portion, exteriorly exposed, and a lower por
tion to communicate with the interior of the con
5.»
tainer or bottle.
The lower portion of the valve casing may be
of a decreased diameter so as to ñt conveniently
into the n_eck of the bottle, a shoulder being pref
erably provided on the casing to limit insertion
thereof.
Interiorly positioned in the lower portion of the
valve casing is a valve member, the lower end of
which valve member is conformed so as to co
operate with a valve seat interiorly formed in
the bottom of the casing adjacent the interior
opening thereof above described.
The lower portion of the casing is preferably
provided with the breathing openings in the side
walls thereof above the valve seat.
In the accompanying drawing in which are
shown one or more of various possible embodi
ments of the several featuresoi the invention,
Fig. 1 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of
the nonreñllable valve device of the invention on
a bottle top;
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View upon the
30
line 2--2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 31s a transverse sectional view upon the
line 3-3 of Fig. 1;
.
Fig. 4 is _a top view of the conical portion at
the top _of the movable valve;
Fig.V 5 is a bottom view of the valve structure;
Fig. 6 is a top perspective view of the hollow
valve member with its cover portion removed;
Fig. ’l is a diagrammatic sectional view upon
an enlarged scale showing one of the bleeder or
breathing passageways;
n
40
Figs. 8 and 9 are side sectional and elevational
views respectively illustrating how the valve cas
ing and the valve structure are handled and sup
ported during firing.
Referring to Fig. 1, the bottle or other con
tainer B is provided with a cylindrical mouth I0.
The bottle is adapted to receive alcoholic -bev
erages or any other liquid to be dispensed. The
upper exposed cylindrical valve casing member
I2 is provided with a lower cylindrical insert por
tion I3 of reduced diameter, which is inserted in
the opening I0 in the mouth or neck of the bottle
B, preferably with a slight clearance. ,
«'¿I/'he lower insert portion I`3 is provided with a
flange -`_8 at vits upper end, which _lits _into lthe 5,5
2
2,115,721
shoulder 9 on the interior of the upper casing
section I2. The upper section I2 and the lower
section I3 are held together by sealing wax 'I,
which is preferably of a material not aiîected by
alcoholic beverages or other liquids which may
be contained in the bottle B.
It is noted that the shoulder 9 is enlarged at
6 to receive the sealing wax body 'I. The upper
casing I2 is provided with an exterior ñange or
10 peripheral extension I4 which cooperates with a
corresponding projection I5 on the bottle. The
flange I4 and the ñange I5 are held together by
the aluminum ferrule I6, said aluminum ferrule
compressing the cork gasket 52 between the
flanges I4 and I5 to form a liquid-tight connec
tion.
The casing I3 is provided with a lower open
ing Il, the upper part of which is provided with
the spherical depression I9 above the groove I8,
20 said depression iS serving as a valve seat to co
operate with the spherical surface 20 on the
valve member V.
The valve member V, as indicated at 25, pro
jects downwardly past the conical valve seat I9
25 into the opening I'I and is slightly flattened dur
ing the course of manufacture (see Fig. 9). The
lower portions of the fins are cut off substantially
above the bottom 26, as indicated at 2l (see Figs.
1 and 6), so that they will clear the valve
30 seat I9.
As shown in Fig. 3, the fins 23 form the flow
passages 28, which permit ready egress of liquid
from the mouth IE of the bottle B past the valve
body V, when the valve is lifted from its seat I9.
35
The upper portions of the iins 23 of the valve
body 22, are also cut off below the top of the
valve body 22, as shown at 23 in Figs. 1 and 6.
Onto the upper portion of the cup 22 is placed
the lower contact element 38 for locking ball 3|.
40
The contact element 3B is glazed to the top of
the valve member V. The sides or edges of the
disk member 38 extend beyond the body 22 as
shown in Figs. l and 9.
The ball contact member 33 is suitably shaped
45 to cause the ball 3i, as shown in Fig. 1, to roll
to th-e outside of the casing I2 against the lin
terior wall of the middleor intermediate cham
ber 35 when the bottle is upright.
`
Although a curved conical surface 35 is shown,
50 it is understood that other similar types of sur
faces may be employed for causing the ball to
roll toward the wall of the middle chamber 35 of
the casing I2.
As shown in Figs. l and 2 in the upper cham
55 ber 37 of the casing l2 is positioned the concave
upper ball contact member 38 with the cavity 48
having the radial ribs 45, which contact member
is preferably ceramically united with the sym
metrically positioned angular fins 39 of the cas
60
ing I2.
The concavity or depression 48 of the element
33 is adapted to receive the ball 3I when the cas
ing I2 is inverted with the bottle B.
When the bottle is in normal upright position,
65
as shown in Fig. l, the ball 3i will be diverted to>
the outside of the chamber 35 by the cone peak
3’6 so that the ball 3i will fall or roll along the
slope of the upper contact member of the cone
.70 peak 35 of the lower contact member 38 to below
the lower- portion 4I of the member 38.
As indicated in Fig. 2, the fins 39 will form
the ñow passages 42, symmetrically positioned
around the periphery of the chamber 3'I. These
iiow passages 42 will cooperate with >the flow pas
sages 28 of Fig. 3 to permit liquid to ñow past
the valve 2l and the contact member 38.
The casing element I 2 is provided with a center
opening 50 which cooperates with the passages
42 past the member 38 and the passages 28 past
the valve member V and with the opening I‘I
in the lower part of the casing I2, whereby liquid
may be poured out of the inverted bottle B, when
the valve V is lifted from its seat I 9.
In operation, when the bottle is in upright 10
position or is in horizontal position, the ball 3l
will fall from the cone peak 36 to the side of the
chamber 35, contacting with the interior wall
thereof, as indicated at Fig. 1.
When the ball 3| moves to- the side of the
chamber 35, it will position itself between the
lower portion 4i of the upper contact member
38 and the outside of the lower contact member
38 and will force the valve 22 against its seat I9,
preventing i'low of liquid reversely from the open 20
ing 58 and through the opening I -I into the bottle
I0, so that the bottle cannot be refilled.
When the bottle has been turned so that its
mouth is inclined downwardly with an inclina
tion substantially below horizontal, approaching
the vertical, the ball 3l will roll or slide into the
concavity 4B. This will permit the Valve 22 to
move from its seat I9 under the pressure of liq
uid in the bottleB, whereby a ready exit of liquor
may take place through the opening I1, the pas 30
sages 28 and 42 and the opening 50.
The upper face of the lower ball contact mem
ber 3G may also be shaped in other manners than
shown to cooperate with the ball 3| and the con
cavity of the depression 40.
In any case, at the axis 5I, therel would be a
vertical spacing between the uppermost portion
of the peak 36 and the uppermost portion of the
depression 4€?, greater than the maximum diame
ter of the ball. Toward the walls of the chamber ‘
35 this spacing should decrease so that the ball
will have substantially no clearance as it moves
under the influence of gravity along the peaked
surface 36 toward the exterior of the chamber 35
and away from the axis 5I.
'I'he present construction is particularly ad
vantageous inasmuch as it is possible to make the
valve member V of a ceramic material. «By firing
the elements I2, 38 and I3 assembled as shown
in Fig. 8, with a glaze at 65 and without a glaze '
at 6E, the expense of construction is materially
decreased. The valve member V is ñred as shown
in Fig. 9 with a glaze at 61, the bottom 26 becom
ing flattened during the firing period.
The recesses |30, shown in Figs. l and 4, co- v‘
operate with the recesses I 3|, shown in Figs. 1
and 5, to permit suitable tools to be applied to
the casing member I3 and to the valve member
V, whereby the seats I9 and 20 may be ground
together.
(il)
The outer surface of the casing I2 is prefer
ably glazed, but the other surfaces are preferably
unglazed.
After the lower ball Contact element 3l! has
>been substantially integrally united with the valve
body 22 by the firing operation, the valve will be
slightly porous.
y To prevent any air from escaping from the in
terior of the valve body, and also to prevent any
liquid from entering the valve body, maintaining 70
its buoyancy, it is desirable to impregnate the
Valve body 22 after the firing operation with a
suitable other water-proofing material, which
will not be soluble or affected by any liquids
which may be received in the bottle I0.
75
3
2,115,721
Referring to the upper valve contact element
4I, the button |34 serves as a convenient means
of centering the element 4| upon the ribs 39, and
the ribs 45 in the cavity 40 prevent the ball from
being adhesively connected to the cavity 40 when
it is Wet. The fact that the ball is not wedged,
shown in Fig. 1, may be readily demonstrated by
the fact that the ball can freely move around the
peak of the lower contact element 30, without,
10 however, permitting the valve 2| to be moved
from its seat.
As indicated in Figs. l and 2 at 135, the exte
rior of the valve body I2 is preferably provided
with a series of indentations or protrusions which
15 enable the body to be conveniently gripped by a
tool when the aluminum ierrule I6 is put into
position.
l20
The above construction is generally described
in the copending application Ser. No. 742,692,
iiled September 4, 1934.
The present invention is particularly directed
to the modification of the construction of said
copending application so as to relieve internal
vacuums, which may draw the valve V so tightly
25 against the seat I3 as to prevent pouring when
the bottle B is inverted.
'I'he vent or leak openings 200 (see Fig. 7) are
provided in the lower nipple member I3 to per
mit air to enter the bottle B when a vacuum is
30 formed therein due to condensation, contraction
or cooling of the vapors above the liquid level.
The breathing openings 200 as shown in Figs.
.1 and 7 may be formed in the plastic ceramic ma
terial, before ñring, by inserting thin flexible
35 needles having diameters of less than 0.01 and
preferably about 0.006, 0.0065, 0.007 and 0.0075
inch, the openings being of jagged formation as
shown in Fig. 7 due to bending or turning of the
very thin needles when they encounter hard par
ticles in the plastic molded material.
After ñring, the holes will shrink, slightly re
stricting the opening therethrough and the final
channel of the opening 200 will be o_f such a na
ture as to permit the vacuum to suck in air but
'_ as to prevent the liquid passing therethrough
with suiiicient force as to enable any substantial
entrance of liquid into the bottle past the valve.
In. any case, an attempt to introduce spirituous
liquors would result in the clogging of such pas
sageway by the various materials in colloidal sus
pension in such spirituous liquors.
It is thus seen that the applicant has provided
an improved nonreñllable bottle closure which,
While it prevents creation of a vacuum by by
passage of air around the valve, nevertheless
prevents introduction of liquid by such by-pas
sage.
It will thus be seen that there is herein de
10
scribed an apparatus in which the several fea- .
tures of this invention are embodied, and which
apparatus in its action attains the various ob-`
jects of the invention and is well suited to meet 15
the requirements of practical use.
As many changes could bemade in the above
construction, and many apparently widely dif
ferent embodiments of this invention could be
made Without departing from the scope thereof, 20
it is intended that all matter contained in the
above descrip-tion or shown in the accompanying
drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and
not in a limiting sense.
What is claimed is:
A non-reñllable closure for bottles and con
tainers to receive alcoholic beverages and spirit
uous liquors, said closure consisting of a substan
tially cylindrical ceramic casing having a nipple
portion projecting inside of the bottle or con 30
tainer and having openings at the ends thereof to
permit dispensing of liquid from the container,
said casing including a valve torpermit flow of
liquid from the bottle when the bottle is inverted
and to prevent flow when the bottle is upright,
said valve being provided with a valve seat which
is formed in said casing and with a locking device
included in_said casing, and said nipple of said
casing being provided with a plurality of capil
lary passages extending in curved lines through 40
the sides of said nipple and beyond said valve seat
to permit venting of the atmosphere within said
bottle or container, but to prevent substantial
passage of liquid.
45
GILBERT JACKSON.
JOSEPH F. MAI-IER,
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