Патент USA US2115949код для вставки
May 3, 1938. s GURBER 2,115,949 CONCRETE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 4, 1956' 2' ' 5 Sheets-Sheet l -. May 3, 193%. S. GURBER 2,1 159% CONCRETE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 4, 195” ‘ 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 s. GURBER ' ' 2,1 1,%9 CONCRETE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 4, 1936 5 Sheets-Shee’b 3 $4 415 Eh Km M4115 may 3, 193% GURBER 2,115,949 CONCRETE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 4, 1936 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Mi Wm’. ?. W9. $4 is 321cm W15 May- 3, 1938. s, GURBER ~ 2,115,949 ' CONCRETE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 4, 1936 [Ff/g’. 7O 5 Sheets-Sheet 5' 2,115,94 Patented May 3, 1938 UNITED STATES ‘PATENT, OFFICE 2,115,949 CONCRETE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Samuel Gurber, West Tulsa, Okla. Application September 4, 1936,. Serial No. 99,470 10 Claims. (Cl. 72—1) This invention relates to improvements in con crete building structures and particularly to a novel form of concrete column for buildings of diiferent types. 5 One object of the invention is to provide a column construction which will facilitate the placement of‘ ?oor or partition members. Another object is to provide a column construc tion wherein the floor, girder or cross-beam sup 10 porting portions of the column can be incorpor ated in the building either at the time the building is erected or subsequently. Expressed in detail, the present column might be said to be of a composite nature in that there and combinations and arrangements of parts, all as will hereinafter be more fully described and the novel features thereof particularly pointed out in the appended claims. In the accompanying drawings-— Figure l is an elevational view, illustrating dia grammatically a corner portion of a building erected according to the present invention; Fig. 2 is a horizontal section on the line 2-2 10 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional View on the line 3—3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a vertical, detail section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3; - 15 is a main column and a supplemental column Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional view illustrating each composed of vertically disposed reinforced a column in the exterior wall intermediate the corner columns and a, so-called, interior column concrete units with the units of each column spaced one from the other. - The units of each column are secured together by bolts or other 2 fastening members which project through the spaces thus provided without interfering with the metal reinforce bars, such fastening elements protruding into recesses at opposite sides of the columns to permit the attachment of nuts or the like. Some of the bolts project through both the main and supplemental columns and thus secure the two columns together into the so-called com posite structure. The main columns extend the entire height of the building but the units of the 3 O supplemental columns terminate at the proper elevations to support the girders or joists for the ?oors. By reason of the supplemental columns being secured in place by bolts extending through 3 spaces in the main columns, such spaces being formed at the time the main column is erected, the supplemental columns can be installed at any time subsequent to the erection of the main column. Another object is to- provide novel means for 40 tying the cross-beams or other horizontal struc tural elements of the building into the columns. A still further object is to erect a building of multiple stories or floors in which the transverse members or beams are offset laterally with respect to one another toward the outer walls of the structure with the beams of the upper ?oors or stories located nearest said outer walls. Another object is the provision of a novel con— struction of interlocking means for superposed 50 sections of vertical sectional columns which will permit transverse members such as girders to be formed with a portion of said interlocking means embedded therein. With these and other objects in view, the in vention consists in certain details of construction for supporting a partition. beam; Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional view onv the line 6-—6 of Fig. 1; Fig. 7 is a vertical view, illustrating diagram matically the type of main column used in com paratively high structures; Figs. 8 and 9 are horizontal views illustrating diagrammatically the cross-section of a corner column and the disposition of the cross-beams at two alternate floors of the structure illustrated in Fig. 7 ; , Fig. 10 is a similar view illustrating the cross section of the column and the disposition of the 3O cross-beams at the ?oor intermediate the floors illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9; Fig. 11 is a diagrammatical illustration of the cross-section of ‘an intermediate outer wall column used in combination with the structures 35 of Figs. '7 to 10; and Fig. 12' is a detail, longitudinal section of an end portion of one of the column units. The present column is of a composite nature in that it is composed of one or more, so-called, 40 main columns and ‘one or more supplemental columns. Both the main columns and the sup plemental columns are formed of reinforced con crete units, usually pre-cast, and secured together during the erection of the building by suitable 45 ties or fastening members. For instance, as shown in Fig. 2, a corner column comprises main column units A, A’, B, B’, and the supplemental columns S, S’, this being the preferred arrange ment for buildings only a few stories high. Fig. 5 illustrates the construction of exterior columns intermediate the corner of the building and in terior columns used in partitions. The exterior intermediate column, as shown, comprises main column units A, A’, B, B’, and supplemental units 55 2 2,115,949 S, S’, at three sides thereof. Similarly, the in terior column may consist of main column units A, A’, B, B’, and supplemental units S, S’, at opposite sides thereof for the purpose of support ing cross-beams. Each column unit is cut away at certain of its corners, forming recesses 20 when the several units are assembled in the column, and the sev eral units of the column are spaced apart trans versely to accommodate tie rods of fastening members which pass through metal plates 2| in said recess and securely hold the units together in the column. Certain tie rods 22 (Fig. 3) ex tend through only the main column composed of 15 units A, A’, B and B’, while other rods 23 are longer and extend between the supplemental units S, S’. Plates 2! extend the full height of the column, and, if desired, individual plates 2|a may also be provided at opposite ends of each rod. 20 By taking up on the nuts 24 on the various tie rods, the various units of each column can be securely fastened together. Preferably, tie rods 22 are also placed in the spaces between the supplemental units and those of the main column. 25 With this arrangement, it is a very easy matter to install additional supplemental column units after the erection of the building. The spaces between the main column units are, of course, permanent, so that any time it is desired to in 30 stall additional units, either for new partitions or otherwise, additional tie rods can be inserted through the already erected columns to embrace such new units. In order to securely interlock cross-beams such 35 as illustrated at 25, in Figs. 1 and 5, with the units of the main columns, and at the same time provide reinforcing means for said cross-beams, elongated tie rods or reinforce bars 26 are em bedded in the cross-beam, but with their ends exposed for anchoring attachment to said col umns. Referring particularly to Figs. 2 to 5, this attachment consists of plates 21 threaded on the ends of bar 26 against a nut 28 and said plates are provided with apertures for reception of the protruding ends of rods 22. If desired, washers 29 may be provided on each of the rods between plates 2i’ and 2| and plates 27 are secured on rods 22 by nuts 24. In erecting the building, the nuts 28 are ?rst threaded on rod 26, followed by placement of plates 21 and washers 29 thereon. The ends of rod 26 are then placed in openings in plate 2! with rods 22 inserted in openings in plate 2?, after which nuts 24 are threaded on the rods 22. Rod 26 can then, if necessary, be properly tensioned by means of the turnbuckle 25’ (Fig. 1). With the rod 26 thus securely held in position, the cross-beam is poured in a suit able form so arranged that the beam will be sup ported on the upper surfaces of the supplemental 60 column units S, S’. A modi?ed cross-section for the column units is illustrated in Fig. 6. In this instance, the units are formed with longitudinally extending ribs 3| having undercut side faces. The units are as (i5 sembled in the usual spaced relation with ribs 3! opposed and V-shaped plates 32 placed to engage the undercut side faces of the opposed ribs. Tie bolts 22a are then inserted through openings in the plates and nuts applied to both ends of said bolts at opposite sides of the op posed ribs. If desired, additional plates 33 can be provided between plates 32 and the undercut surfaces of the ribs. For the purpose of securing superimposed units 75 in a column, said units may each be provided with a socket 34 at one end and with an em bedded, longitudinally extending bar 35 of su?i cient length to project beyond the opposite end of the unit. When one unit is placed endwise upon another, the lower unit has the projecting rod 35 at its upper extremity and said rod is positioned in the socket of the other or upper unit. Thus, transverse displacement of the su perimposed units is prevented. Preferably, the sockets 34 are lined with a short length of pipe. 10 It will be understood that the so-called main columns composed of superimposed units A, A’, B, B’ extend the full height of the building, but the supplemental column units S, S’ terminate at each floor level or any other point at which 15 some horizontal structural element of the build ing is .to be supported. It will also be appreci ated that any number of reinforce elements or rods may be incorporated in the individual units and their presence will not interfere with the tie 20 bolts 22, 23, because of the transverse spacing of the units in the column. In erecting a multi-storied structure of any appreciable height, the arrangement of corner columns and cross-beams shown more or less 25 diagrammatically in Figs. 7 to 11, may be used. This arrangement consists in assembling a plu rality of the multi-unit columns at each corner of the building and at suitable points intermediate the corners, the several units of each column be 30 ing tied together as previously described. A corner column is shown in Fig. 8 and an inter mediate column in Fig. 11. The pre-cast beams 25 are secured in place as described, but at each of two opposite sides of each floor, two beams are 35 used as shown, one beam being located ?ush with the outer faces of the columns and the other s'paced "inwardly therefrom. However, as the height of the building increases, the inner beams are located comparatively close to the outer 40 beams. For instance, Fig. 8 represents the loca tion of the beams at one side of the building at the ?fth ?ooor of the structure illustrated in Fig. '7, and Fig. 9 illustrates the beams at the sixth floor of the building. Fig. 10 indicates the beams 45 as placed in the walls for the seventh ?oor, that is, the double beam arrangement is used at two opposite sides on one ?oor and at the other two opposite sides on the next succeeding ?oor. It is, of course, not necessary that the inner beams 50 of each two alternate floors be offset with respect to each other. For instance, as indicated by the thickness of the corner column in Fig, 7, the inner beams of the third and ?fth ?oors may be in the same vertical plane, as would also be those of the 65 second and fourth, the initial offsetting taking place at the sixth floor. What I claim is: 1. A concrete column construction composed of vertically disposed units, each unit being spaced 60 from the other, the contiguous corners of each pair of juxtaposed units being cut away and forming vertically extending recesses in the sides of said column, plates in said recesses, and trans verse fastening members located in and extending 65 through the spaces between said units and through said plates for securing said units to gether. 2. A concrete column construction for build ings comprising a main column composed of ver tically disposed units extending the height of the 70 building, means for securing said units together, and a supplemental column composed of verti cally disposed units terminating substantially at adjacent ?oor levels, said supplemental column 75 3 2,115,949 being secured to the main column, and means for securing the supplemental column units together. 3. A concrete column construction for buildings composed of vertically disposed units extending substantially the height of the building, a sup plemental column composed of vertically disposed units terminating substantially at the floors- of the building, the units of said main and supple mental columns being spaced one from the others, 10 and transversely extending bolts: in the spaces between the units for securing the units. of the individual columns together, a portion of said bolts extending through both columns to secure the main and supplemental columns together. 4. A concrete column construction for buildings 15 comprising a main column composed of verti cally disposed units each spaced from the other, a supplemental column composed of vertically dis posed units spaced from each other, said main and supplemental columns having alined spaces, reinforce elements extending longitudinally with in each unit, and fastening elements extending transversely through said spaces for securing the units of the individual columns together and for 25 securing the two columns to each other. 5. In a concrete structure, the combination of a plurality of concrete columns at each corner of said structure, cross~beams for each story of said structure supported on at least one column at 30 each of two of said corners, each beam supporting column terminating at the level of the beam sup ported thereon, the beams of the several stories at each side of said structure being oifset in a horizontal plane relatively to one another, the beams of the upper stories being o?set outwardly of the structure relatively to» the beams of the lower floors. 6. In a concrete structure, the combination of a plurality of concrete columns each composed of 40 a plurality of vertically disposed, laterally spaced units, tie rods extending through said spaces se curing the units of each column together, a por tion of said tie rods extending through a plu rality of said columns to secure the same together, 45 cross-beams for each story of the structure sup ported on at least one column at each of two corners of the structure, the beams of the several stories being o?‘set laterally of one another toward the outer Walls of the structure with the beams of the upper story located nearer said outer walls than the beams of the lower stories. 7. In concrete building construction, the com bination of two main columns spaced longitudi nally of the building wall, a supplemental column associated with each main column, a cross beam supported on said supplemental columns, metal rods extending transversely of each of said main 10 columns, plates secured to the rods of each of said main columns, and a metallic reinforce member extending longitudinally of said beam and secured adjacent its ends in said plates. 8. In concrete building construction, the com 15 bination of two main columns spaced longitudi nally of the building wall, each column being com posed of a plurality of transversely spaced units, tie rods extending through the spaces of each column for securing the units thereof together, 20 plates secured to the tie rods of each column, a supplemental column associated with each of said main columns, a cross-beam supported on said supplemental columns, and a reinforce member extending through said beam. and having its 25 opposite ends secured to the plates on said main columns. , 9. A concrete column construction composed of vertically disposed preformed units spaced laterally from one another, opposed ribs on juxta 30 posed faces of said units, the side vertical edges of said ribs being undercut, a V-shaped plate engaging the corresponding side edges of said opposed ribs at each side of said ribs, and a tie rod positioned in the space between said units 35 and secured in the plates at both sides of said ribs. 10. A concrete column. construction composed of a plurality of vertically disposed units, said column having openings extending transversely therethrough, said openings ' being formed by 40 spacing the units laterally from each other, fastening elements positioned in the openings and between the units with their ends projecting at opposite sides of the units, and means on said elements at opposite sides of the column for se 45 curing the said units together. SAMUEL GURBER.