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Патент USA US2115951

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May 3, 1938.
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‘
E, c, HAZEL Er AL
2,115,951
BOOKBINDI-NG
‘ Filed April 5, 1937
INVENTOR5
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ERNEST c. HAZEL
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ERNEST HAZEL JA’,
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BY
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ATTORNEYS
Patented May 3, 1938
2,115,651
UNITED ‘ STATES“
PATENT OFFICE _
' 2,115,951
. BOOKBINDING
Ernest 0. Hazel and Ernest Hazel, Jr.,
Atchison, Kans.
Application April 5, 1937, Serial No. 135,024.
'
5 Claims.
This invention relates to books and particu
larly to record books provided with a plurality of
folded signatures.
.
The primary object of the instant invention is
or any other number of signatures I2 are posi
tioned, the ends of thread 60 may be knotted to
usage cannot adequately be repaired without the
use of reenforcing elements, and in most in
stances new backs and covers must be provided
‘ to hold the signatures.
With the foregoing problem’ and objects. in
view, the invention may be made clear by.refer
ring to the accompanying drawing, wherein:
25
extended from one signature to another to hold
them against relative displacement. After two
to rebind book signatures in a structure which
10 have practically fallen apart. because of hard
20
cessively placed upon cover 56, threads 60 are
passed through holes 34, around posts 36 and
will securely hold the same in place and protect
them against destructive forces.
Many ways to rebind record books have‘ been
tried and found inadequate. vBound books that
15
(Cl. 281-27)
gether as at 62.
Threads 66 are passed through holes 34 while
signatures l2 are slightly opened, and when they
are refolded and pressed together, the edges of
the signatures around holes 34 will grip threads
66. One of the steps in the rebinding is to press
together all of the signatures in the book after
they have been stitched to posts 36. Thus a
sharp bend is created at the bight and signatures
l2 are compacted.
‘
‘ Reference to Fig. 4 will indicate the manner
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary, end elevational view
in which rigid posts 36 are covered with a fabric
of a portion of a binder, with a few signatures
sleeve 64, which is compressed by threads 60
that de?nitely preclude slippage of the threads
along posts 36. This covering 64 also protects
thread 6!! against any rough edge that might be
placed in accordance with this invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary, plan view of the por
tion of the binder shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an edge elevation of the signatures
shown in Fig. 1, and,
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary, sectional view through
one of the posts of the binder, showing a fabric
cover thereon.
-
Signatures l2 of the well known bound record
book are folded to present bights l4, and in the
original state, the bound book is provided with
30
reenforcing tapes, stitching, and other parts
known to one skilled in the art. When the glue
holding together the parts of the bound book be
comes hard and brittle, the component parts of
35 the book separate and signatures 12 fall out.
After signatures l2 have been removed from
association with the parts of the old book being
rebound and provided with holes 34, they are
moved into association with a structure, having
40 the characteristics of a loose leaf binder in so far
as posts 36, back'member 48 and covers 50 are
concerned. Longitudinal edges of back member
48 are provided with hinge barrels 52 and plates
54, carried by each cover 50 respectively, are like~
45 wise provided with hinge barrels 56 so that back
and covers 48 and 50 respectively may be swing
ably interconnected by hinge rod 58 in the usual
manner.
Signatures 12 are placed flat upon the inner
50 face of one cover 50, with the bights thereof abut
ting posts 36. In the instance illustrated, three
posts are employed, but a larger number may be
used if desired. Holes 34 will be on each side of
posts 36 and adjacent the edges of signatures I2,
55 as indicated in Fig. 3.
As signatures 12 are suc
present on posts 36. Posts 36 are provided with
transverse openings 66 so that they may be in
corporated in the hinge structures which con
nect together back member 48 and covers 50. 25
The hinge rod 58 passes through opening 66 and
thus the posts are held in place and in spaced
relation to the arcuate inner face of back mem
ber 48.
It is desirable in most instances to supply a ?y 30
or protector leaf 68 between covers 50 and the
signatures l2 of the book next to said covers. In
providing such a protector 68, the same is ex
tended around the bight of the outermost sig- 35
nature and then around to a point between the
outer and next adjoining signatures. Thread 6|]
passes through the curved margin of protector
leaf 68 to secure the same in place.
In so producing a rebound book, metal hinges
are provided, rigid signature supports are af
forded, and the parts may be made at the factory,
and assembled on location.
The advantages of the invention, and manner
of combining the parts, have all been made clear 45
during the foregoing speci?cation, and since it is
known that many changes and modi?cations fall
within the spirit of the invention, it is desired to
be limited only by the scope of the appended
claims.
Having thus described the invention, what is
claimed as new and desired to be secured by Let-1
ters Patent is:
1. The combination with a binder of the char- 55
2
2,115,951
acter described having a pair of covers, a back
member, hinge elements joining each longitudinal
edge of the back member to one of the covers
respectively, and rigid posts supported by the
hinge elements and extending between the covers
in spaced relation to the back member, of a plu
rality of folded signatures between the covers
with the bights thereof abutting the posts; and
?exible threads extending around said posts and
10 through the bight portion of the signatures to
hold the same in position.
signatures together and against relative move
ment along the posts.
4. The combination with a binder of the char
acter described having a pair of covers, a back
member, hinge elements joining each longitudinal
edge of the back member to one of the covers
respectively, and rigid posts supported by the
hinge elements and extending between the covers
in spaced relation to the back member with the
ends thereof incorporated in the hinges, of a plu 10
rality of folded signatures between the covers with
2. The combination with a binder of the char; 7' the bights thereof abutting the posts; fabric cov
acter described having a, pair of covers, a back
member, hinge elements joining each longitudinal
ers over the posts; and fabric threads extending
around said posts and through the bight portion
of the signatures to hold the same in position, 15
each of the signatures of the book next to the
hinge elements and extending between the covers , covers of the book being provided with a pro
in spaced relation to the back member with the tector leaf disposed between the covers and sig
natures" and around the bights of the outer sig
ends thereof incorporated in the hinges, of a'plu
rality of folded signatures between the covers natures to points between the router and next 20
.
with the bights thereof abutting the posts; fabric adjoining signatures. . ,
5.‘ The combination with a'binder of the char
covers over the posts; and fabric threads extend
acter describedhaving a pair of covers, a back
ing around said posts and through the bight por
tion of the signatures to hold the same inposition. member, hinge elements joining each longitudinal
edge of the back member to one of the covers re 25
25 3. Thepcombination with, a binder of the char
acter described having a pair ‘of covers, aback spectively, and rigid posts supported by the hinge
15 edge of the back member to one of the covers
respectively, and rigid posts supported by the
member, hinge elementsljoining each longitudi
nal edge of the ‘back member to one of the covers,
respectively, and rigid posts supported by the
30 hinge elements and extending between the covers
in spaced relation ,to ‘the backmember with the
ends thereof incorporated in therhinges, of arplu
rality of folded signatures between the covers with
the bights thereof abutting theposts; fabric cov
35 ers over the posts; and fabric threads extending
aroundsaid posts and through the bight portion
of the signatures to hold the same in position, said
fabric threads being‘continuous and extending
from one signature to another to hold adjoining
elements and extending'between the covers in
spaced relation to the back member with the ends
thereof incorporated’ in the hinges, of a plurality
of folded signatures between the covers with the 30
bights thereof ‘abutting the posts; fabric covers"
over the posts; and fabric threads extending
around said posts and through the bight portion
of, the signatures to hold the same in position,
said ‘fabric threads being taut enough to compress 35
the fabric covers of the vposts to prevent slipping
longitudinally along the said posts.
HERNEST C.VHAZEL.
ERNEST HAZEL, JR.
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