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Патент USA US2115967

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May 3, 1938.
Filed Nov. 8, 1937
il):1,50 [/f
Patented May 3, 193s
comosr'rr. FABRIC
Moses J. Schilrin, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application November 8, 1937, Serial No. 173,351
z claims.
(ci. z-z'zs)
therefore, the sewing operation `not only serves
This application is-a continuation in part of
my application Serial No. 127,830, filed February
26, 1937.
as a securing means, but also serves to closely
reproduce the aforementioned natural furs in
appearance. The reason for this is that the fibres
ofthe chenille or other material employed to pro
duce the fur-like surface are pulled down in many
The present invention relates in general to ar
5 tificial or synthetic fur fabric, and more par
ticularly to fabric resembling in appearance such
natural furs as Persian lamb, astrakhan. caracul,
places by the stitches, thereby producing irregu
larities in the surface closely imitating those
present in such natural furs. As the full equiv
and galyak.
These natural furs are all characterized by an
10» irregular curly surface, it being one of the im
alent of a chenille inprcducing the fur-like sur
po-rtant objects ofthe invention to closely repro
face, any long-fibered or furry yarn may be used,
duce this `type of natural fur in an artificial or
such as a yarn of mohair. Whether a chenille or
yarn is employed as the material for producing
synthetic fur fabric.
Another important object
of the invention is to provide for easy making of l >the fur-like surface, 1t should be round, by which
term is meant that its libres should extend out-A 15
15 an artificial or synthetic fur fabric,-together with
low manufacturing cost thereof. Still another
'important object of the invention is to provide
wardly in all directions.
In producing the fabric of the present inven
tion, it> is essetial that the chenille or furry '
for durability of an artificial or synthetic fur
fabric, including its resistance to wear.
Fabrics have been produced heretofore with
yarn be made to contact >throughout its length
with the surface of the backing in adjacent, non
intersecting, irregular, sinuous, fur-like rows, on
which the realistic appearance o‘f that fabric
also depends. And it is also required that a sub
the view of imitating the aforesaid natural furs,
but have not proved to be satisfactory. In these
prior attempts, in order to produce the fur-like
stantial number of the stitches extend over and
across the core of the chenille or body of the 25
surface, a chenille or other material has been
25 employed which was either looped in various ways
through the usual backing or worked into vari
ous forms prior to its application on said back
ing. Not only have these operations been tedious
„ 35
furry yarn, thereby precluding any possibility
of the chenille or furry yarn being rippgd off the
and costly, but they in general also resulted in
PreferablyMthe backing is coated with just.
fabrics in which the effect of natural fur was
, present merely in minor degree. Moreover, where
enough adhesive to cause the interstices between
rows of the chenille or furry yarn to Abecome
- permanently hidden from view by those fibres of
the working of the material producing the fur
like surface did not in itself provide a securing
means, as by weaving through the backing or in
like fashion, it'has been usually secured to the
backing by adhesives. The‘use of adhesive in
the applied material which liel adjacent lto the
surface of the backing, the fabric during the
manufacture being pressed under conditions
such amount as to provide an adequate securing
means resulted in fabrics which became stiff
when cold and otherwise undesirable. Moreover,
40 the adhesive in time tendedto dry out, thus caus
ing the rapid disintegration of the fabrics. n
the material producing the fur-like surface
y ___cmaught on anything,v it was liable to be torn away
i " from the »backing in long strips qrnotherwise,
45 ruining the fabrics.
In accordance with the invention, a material
such as a chenille is employed which, contrary
to all prior practice, is neither looped through
the backing nor preformed in any way. 'Ifhe
.50 basis of the invention is ‘the discovery that by
.directly applying a chenille or like material to
j the surface of the backing and securing it to said
surface by sewing, the required eiïect of natural
fur canin considerable degree'be immediately
obtained. In the fabricof the present invention,
causing such fibres to adhere to the adhesive
coating._ In this way, when the ‘fabric is bent
or creased, the plain backing does not show, but
a furry under-coat is presented to view. How
ever, instead of causing some of the fibres of the
chanille or furry yarn to adhere to the- backing
to conceal it, the backing itself may be made of
a textile having a lustrous, satiny or other de
sired ñnish resembling the texture of the ap
plied furry material.
For purposes of illustration an embodiment of
the invention designedto imitate Persian lamb
will now be described in conjunction with the
drawing, in which Fig. l is a perspective view vci'
,the main backing and chenille layer thereon,
particularly illustrating the manner in which -the
chenille should be applied to said backing; Figs.
2 and 3` are enlarged sectional views schematic
ally illustrating the securing of thekchenille core;
Figs. 4 and 5 are enlarged plan views schematic
ally illustrating the pulling down of chenille
fibres; and Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the
ñnished fabric as seen from the back with a cor
ner portion curled up and the additional backing
layer separated.
Referringto Fig. 1, a main supporting fabric
2 is shown which is entirely covered on one side
with a layer of suitably curled round chenille 3.
Any known "swirling” process may be used to
produce the curl in the chenille 3, which can,
for example, be made of silk or rayon, colored
either black, gray or brown according to the fur
to be simulated. I have found that round chenille
which has been swirled in accordance with the
15 Benowitz Patent No. 1,934,398 is particularly suit
ed for use in imitating Persian lamb and similar
furs. The backing 2 may be a textile having a
surface resembling the chenille 3 in texture and
appearance. On the other hand, it may be a fab
20 ric coated on one side with adhesive. It has been
found that ordinary backing-cloth or staying
cloth, an adhesive clothwell known in the fur
riers’ trade for reinforcing animal skins, is par
ticularly well suited for use as the backing 2.
25 When such an adhesive cloth is used, however,
it is not in any way intended to serve as a means
to secure the chenille layer thereto, but its es
sential purpose is to produce a furry under-sur
face below the mainbody of the chenille 3. It is»
strands of thread to thus catch the chenille core
6 at each securing point.
It will readily 'ne understood that the body of '
the round chenille 3 is so thick and furry that
all stitches sink down through it. As a result,
the iibres of the chenille 3 are lin many places
pulled down from an upper level against the
backing 2. As schematically illustrated in Figs.
4 and 5, both stitches 4’ which do not cross the
chenille core- 6 and 4stitches 4" which do cross 10
the chenille core 6 contribute to the pulling down
of chenille fibres, the lines 1 in each of these fig
fibres held
against the backing in this manner. As shown
in Fig. 6, the sewing results in irregularities or 15
discontinuities in the upper curly surface of the
chenille layer, produced by the pulling down of
chenille fibres.. These irregularities or discon
tinuities are perhaps the principal reason Why a
fabric is obtained which so closely resembles gen 20
uine Persian lamb in appearance. Not only do
the curled ends of the chenille 3 stand out ir
regularly in all directions, .but a close-matted
fabric also results inwhich the outlines of the
chenille rows have been broken .up and concealed. 25
Incidentally, the sewing also tends to soften the
backing cloth, which enables the fabric to drapey
properly in articles of clothing. Obviously. since
all stitches sink down through the chenille 3,
30 positively required .that the round chenille be ~ the stitching is absolutely invisible from the out
secured to the backing 2 by sewing,I as illustrated
by the stitches 4 appearing‘on 4the rear of said
backing in Fig. 6.
, l
The ñrst step in the manufacture of the fabric
er side of .the fabric,- although it is preferable
to sew the chenille with thread .of the same color
as itself.
_ The second step in the manufacture of the fab
35 with either of the above-mentioned types of back- Y ric is to place the-material chenille-side down 35
ing is to apply the chenille on the backing 2 and and press it on the back with a hot iron or like
secure it thereto by sewing. For example, the heatepressing device. Whether a plain backing
chenille 3 maybe fed continuously under the v or an adhesive backing is employed, this opera
needle or needles of a >sewing machine, it being tion crushes the more or less cylindrical chenille
desirable in any case that the chenille be soap
3 and increasesits resemblance to Persian lamb 40
plied to the backing 2 as to cause it to follow by causingy a more irregular positioning of the
throughout its length a sinuous, irregular path . curled ends of the chenille 3. In the case of an
completely. covering the ¿backing without inter
adhesive backing, the heat and pressure also
section of,r the chenille at anyplace. >In Fig. 1 cause close adherence to the adhesive coating of
45 the effect of the sewingoperation has purposely l those ñbres ofl the chenille 3 which are situated
been omitted with a view to more clearly illustrat
in4 its proximity, the aforesaid furry under-sur
ing the adjacent, non-intersecting, irregular, sin- » face being produced in this manner.
uous, fur-like character of the rows in which the
_'I'o. finish the product, a second layer 8 of back
chenille 3 should be caused- to contact with the ing cloth may be applied by adhesive or other
surface of the backing l2. Underthese conditions . wise tolthe main backing 2. This gives somewhat
the sewing operation results in. a yfabric which is more body to the finished fabric and closes the
most remarkable in its resemblance to Persian multitude of holes which are left in the backing
l lamb in that the irregularcurliness peculiar to 2 by the needles of the sewing machine, a more
such a fur is very closely duplicated.
attractive article being produced in which the
In sewing the chenille to the-backing 2, any ap-v stitches on the'y back are completely concealed.
propriate type of stitch may be used, satisfactory . If softness, is particularly desired, however, the
Vresults being had with Schifiii machines, multi- , additional backing 8 may be omitted.
needle machines, blind -stitch machines, Bonnaz
The processl which has been described in con
v machines, etc. , A11 that ‘isf required 1s that the nection withthe making of a lfabric resembling
core of the chenille 3 be effectively secured against Persian lamb may obviously be applied to other
displacement on the backing2by a substantial materials adapted to-imitate other furs'. Instead
n_umber of the stitches... This requirement is ‘of rswirled chenille, fur yarns of camel’s hair,
vschematically»illustrated,in Figs. 2 and> 3, where- - Angora,.vicuna, etc., may be used. Instead of
. in the upper part of such a securing stitch is using a backing of textile material, a backing of
65 shown in the two positions'which it> occupies cor
chamois or other animal skin may be used. By
responding tothe beginning and end phases of combining a 'skin backing and a .fur yarn, it
stitch formation.` Referring to these figures, the 'may-truly -be said that the product is a synthetic
stitching thread` 5 first loosely extends over andd
across .the entire body of the chenille 3, as shown fur. According to the invention, various types
.in Fig. 2. .'I'h'ereafterythepull on the :stitch of materials may' be used to produce novel fab
, causes the thread> 5 toy sink down through the' ' rics suitable'not only for clothing, but also for
chenille 3 and ultimately bring »down .with it` the rugs, upholstery, and other purposes.
chenille c_ore .6 against the backing 2, as shown in I f It is to _be understood that the embodiment
Fig. 3. `Depending onthe nature of the stitching wherein described in detail is intended solely as
employed,- of course, there may. be one or several
an illustration and not by way loi’ limitation of 75
the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
ing having an adhesive coating, and a layer of
curled round chenille completely covering the
1. An artificial fur fabric comprising a back
ing, a -layer of curled round chenille completely'
covering the surface of said backing and secured
to said surface vby sewing, said chenille contact
ing throughout its length with said surface in ad
jacent non-intersecting irregular sinuous fur
like rows, a substantial proportion of the sewing
surface of said backing and secured to said sur
10 stitches crossing the core of the chenille“ so as
to effectively secure it against displacement on
said surface, the fibres-of said chenille being
pulled down in many places by the sewing stitches
so as to produce irregularities in the finished
face by sewing, said chenille contacting through-`
out its length with said surface in adjacent non
intersecting irregular sinuous fur-like rows, a
substantial proportion of the . sewing stitches
crossing the core of the chenille >so as to eiîec- -
tively secure it against displacement on said sur
face, the fibres of said chenille being pulled down 10
in many places bythe sewing stitches so as to
produce irregularities in the finished fabric, those
fibres adjacent said surface producing a furry
undercoat by adherence to said adhesive coating.
2. An artificial fur fabric comprising "a back
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