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Патент USA US2116014

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May 3,. 1938.
l¿1115,014 Í
musmaßnr AfjPAR/n‘us
Filed Feb. 24, 1936
4 Sheets-»Sonet 3
= Mays, 193511 -~
' i. DE MAR@ "
'2,115,014 -
Araussumxr APPÀRATUS
Filed Feb. 24, 1936~
' ’I
¿I V"i SheetsÀStgeet 4 ._
BY Í@ ,fel C75-Tür
rennrad. May 3, 193sv
Unirse* STATES PATENT orgies
Louis De Marco, Cleveland. Ohio
Application FebruaryZi, 1936, Serial N0. 65,235' Y
6 Clainns.
(CL 273-1022)
a trigger. The bow cord extends through alined V
slots in thc lateral walls of the barrel 4b and slides
One object ofthe invention is- to construct an therein _when being engaged with the trigger or
improved apparatus of this character wherein> when acting to impel a ball 3. With the bow in
`amusement is created by testing one‘s skill in set position. as shown in Fig. 2 and with a. ball 3 5
. in position. operation oi' the trigger will release
shooting at a target.
Another object of the invention is to construct the cord and permit the latter to lmpel the bell
-an apparatus of this type having an improved tries)substantially on the
’ ì by the` arrows
invention relates‘to an amusement ap
target mechanism providing means wherebyeach
10. hit on any portion of the target is indicated by
a signal and such hit is recorded by the gravita
tion of the impelled missile into a valuated pocket
or collector.
Another object of the invention is to provide
15, an apparatus of this type which is relatively simple
and economical in construction. comprises few
operating‘parts and operable in a ready manner.
. Other objects of the invention will be apparent
to those skilled in the art to which my inven
.tion relates from the following description taken
in connection with the accompanying drawings,
Fig. 1 is a plan view of an apparatus embodying
my invention.
Fig. 2 is a. side
resilient material; for example,- the bowl arms
may be connected by a coiled spring.
The target mechanism consists of a bull’s-eye S
and concentric> openings- 6 formed in transverse 2u
walls l which _are disposed in spaced relation i'or
ward _of the bull’s-eye.- said walls l 'and side walls
ia of the casing i forming receiving compart
_ ments 8 into which the balls fall, as later set forth,
Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5_5 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary section on the line
65-6 of Fig. 5.
vided by'a spring operated plunger or by means of such a plunger' adapted to compress air in the
barrel to force the ball toward the target mecha
nism. Where the gun is o1’ the bow type. as shown. 15
either' the bow or the cord may be formed oi’
>vieri'r'showi'ng the lmissile im-'Y whereby the skill and accuracy of the contestant 25
peiling mechanism and a contestant holding the
latter ready to make a shot.
Fig.,3 is a section on thev line 3-3- of Figi.
Fig. 4 is a section 'on the line 4~-4 of-Fìg. 3.
The gun may-beconstructed in any desired 10
manner; that is, the impelling' force may be pro
using the lmpelling mechanism 4 may be deter‘
mined. By preference, the rearmost transverse
wail lis provided with the bull's-eye 5 centrally. o!
the-opening 6 therein. All oi theopeningsi
forward of the bull’s-eye may be of successively 30 y
larger diameter, but in the preferred arrangement
the outer openings 6 are of difrerentdiameter and-
the inner openings 6 have a diameter equal to
that of the openings 6 around the buil’s-eye 5.
Due to the fact that the impelled ball traverses a 35
Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8_8 ci Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary section showings. , trajectory curve, this arrangement of the open
ings Bai'îects the ease o_i making a bull’s-eye hlt
target memberv in operated position.
Fig. l0 is a. fragmentary section, similar to and hence calls upon the contestant to exert
greater skill in hitting the bull’s-eye 5 or shoot
parts shown in Fig. 3 slightly enlarged.
ing the bali Sinto one of the rearmost compart~ 40 _
Fig. l1 is a view on the line H-Il of Fig. 10.
' ments to secure` ahigher score.
Fig-i215 a- diagrammatic view».~
' Fig. 7 is a fragmentary elevation oi one of
the target members, parts being broken away.
In the drawings, i indicates as an entirety a cas
'ing constructed to provide a target mechanism 2
toward and into- which suitable missiles, preier-
ably ‘calls 3, are lmpelled by an impelling mech
The casing i may be mounted on any
desired supporting means, for example, front and
rear legs irc, ix', the latter boing adjustable for a
purpose later set forth. The impeliing mecha
nism ¿i preferably consists of a gun having a stock
fio adapted to be placed against the contestant's
shoulder and a barrel 4b which gives direction to
cach ball when impelled. The impelling means
embodied in the gun is shown as consisting of a
¿bow 4c, the cord of which is adapted to engage
The bull’s-eye 5 consists of a convened member
mounted on an arm 5a which is plvotally mount
ed on the rear side of the rearmost transverse Wall
l. The bull’s-eye is of convexed shape so that if 45
hit by a ball, the latter will be deflected rear
wardly into the compartment S rearward of the
bull’s-eye and thus be guided into the highest
valuated pocket, as laterA set forth. A spring 5b
normally acts on the arm 5a to maintain the 5o
bull’s-eye in position. The bull’s-eye is provided
with a striker 5c which is arranged tol strike a
gong B mounted on the rear wall ic of the casing i.
The marginal edge oi’ eachwail ï and ib sur- on
rounding the opening E, on its outward face or example. it the missile lands in the first corn
side is provided with a circumferential member .portment 8, the missile will roll through the tube
l0 similar in shape to the opening and serving _ i8 to the pocket valued iii, cach succeeding com
as a guard for such edge to protect it against partment having a higher Scoring value: .the
the impact o! the missiles and also as a derîector _ _
for the latter. That is, the bali 3 may hit the
thus l0
be arrested
the compartment
in its projected
8 in*
front of the member or it may be deñected by
10 the member lil into some other pocket. Por this
latter purpose the inner edge oi the member lli
is curved inwardly and rearwardly which. to
_ form a deilecting suriace. when hit by a missie.
deilects itat an angle rearwardly into a rear
ward compartment. whereby the contestant wins
a. higher score.
By preference. each member l0 is loosely
mounted on guides carried by the iront face of
the adjacent partition wall 1 so that the portion
hit vby a missie or _the entire member may be
moved toward the wall to effect the operation of
a signaling device. such as' a bell. The guides
for each member IU may consist of screws il, the
heads o! which limit the outward movement of
the member. The screws II- are uniformly po
sitioned around the' adjacent opening G. Be
tween the screws H I provide coiled springs i2
highest _score being for the missile shot rast the
bull‘s-eye 5 into the last compartment 8. which
corresponds to the pocket valued >100. The ex
>tension 20 leads to a point in iront ot the shoot
ing position (see Fig. 2) so that the contestant
may readily reload the gun. The extention 20 un. 0
consists ot an inclined chute extending fcrward~
lyïoi and inline with the casing I. the outer end
.of the chute being closed to Zorm a. receiving
chamber 22. The extension 20 at its outer .end
inwardly of the chamber 22 ls provided with a
cross member 23 on which the collectors: 2l are
mounted. The guide tubes i8 extend longitudi- -
nally of the chute 20 and extend through the
member 23 so as to discharge the missiles into
thepockets 2|. "I‘he pockets are connected to~
gether as a unit and consist of a curved bottom
wall 2d having division walls 25. The inner edge
of the wall 2d is `rolled around a rod 2S'the ends
of which are `rotatably mounted in brackets l!
fixed to the wall 23. One cnd o! the rod 28 is 25
provided with a handle 28 which is adopted to
swing the pockets away from the wall 23 (sec
` which _normally tend to maintain the member l0
dotted 'lines in Fig. 6) to discharge the balls into
spaced from the adjacent wall l and in engage
the chamber 22. A spring 29 serves to maintain .
30 nient with thescrew heads. The signalingmeans‘ th pockets in position against the wall 23. The
actuated by each member lû preferably consists bottom wail of the chamber 22 is inclined> toward
of an electric bell i3, the circuit "ior'which is one side (see Fig. 5) so that the balls will gravi
closed by the movement of each member Ylil tate' to onepoint. By providing a chute, as shown
against the tension of the spring or springs-'I2 at 20 and arranging it ln line with the casing
when hit by' a missie. For thisl purpose, >the -Many balls', when shot, fall short of the Iorward~ 35
member IU is formed o! suitable conducting ma-k most compartment 8, and they will drop into the
terial and when any portion of it engages a. con
tact i4 ñxed to the adjacent wall l, a circuit l5
connected to the terminals of the bell i3. is closed
40 to ring thelatter. Each contact it preferably
»consists of a ring of »suitable conducting ma
terial countersunk in the adjacent wail l and
connected to a terminal i6 for a lead iSa. Bach
member I0 is provided with a terminal for a lead
chute and roll through the opening 23a into the
chamber 22.
I provide a suitable lightl 29 for the buil’s-eye.
The light is preferably Varranged on the outer 40
side ofthe rear wall ic in _operative relation to an
opening 30 formed therein and on the inner sida-
of _the _wall ic, over the opening 30, I provide a
plate 3l formed with- a multiplicity oiopenings
~ |5b. As will be apparent from Fig. 12,each pair _through which the light rays project. The open-of leads |511, lib, is connected to the electric ing 30 is of the some diameter as the opening 3 45
mains, so that the movement of_ any member il! in which the bull’s-eye is mounted and. permita
will effect the closing of the circuit for the sig
the contestant to see the bull's~eye as the latter ,
naling device i3 to indicate a hit. As- the device Yisdirectly interposed' in the line ol.' vision.
50 >9 is'capable of producing a sound different from '
To'permlt access to the interior-_ot the casing,
' the bell I3, the contestant can tell when the one side wall is hinged along its upper edge, as
bull’s-eye or one of the target members l0 has illustrated in Fig. 4, but may be locked in closed
il indicates av trough located in each compart»
ment and arranged to collect the missiles failing
thereînto and discharge them into guide means
indicated as an entirety at i8. Each trough I1
' ‘is substantially U~shape in cross section and ot
a width to engage the opposed faces of the trans
60 ve:se walls 'l forming the adjacent compartment.
Each trough is of Acurvilinear shape longirudinally vso as to extend around the adjacent opening S
' and upwardly at either side thereof the ends of
` the trough engaging the side walls la. Tae bot
65 tom portion of each trough Il is formed with an
position by a, lock 32.
. i
The' target mechanism is shown disposed in a
horizontal position; that ls. the axis common 'to 55
the openings 6 extends horizontally substantially
in line with the eyes of the average contestant,
but where the latter is _tall or short in- stature.
the target mechanism may be actiusted to dispose
the axis o1’ the openings according to the height w
of thecontestant. For this purpose, the rear
lei'lr’ is adjustable in length and when adius'ted '
the axis ofthe openings will be inclined to bring
it into coincidence with the line of vision between
opening through which the missiles graviîaîe into _ the contestant’s eyes and the bull’s-eye. In the
the adjacent guide or‘runway i8. preferably a illustrated construction for maklng’this adjust
ment, Figure 4, I make the rear leg lx1-sections
tube. The tubes I8 extend in an inclined direc
tion and pas: through the front wall lb, and for`4
70 ward of the casing i, in line' therewith, along an
extension 2D. their ‘outer ends terminating in
pockets or collectors 2i, into which the misiles
giavitate and come to rest.
The pockets 2l are
given desired values, such as i0, 2D, 39, etc., so
‘ that ‘a score ot 'the hits may be computed; for
and provide on each a bracket 32 having a. thread
ed boss 33, one boss having a right-hand thread
and the other boss having a leít~hand thread.
The bosses 33 are connected by a'screw 3‘1 having
threaded portions at its ends which extend
through the bosses. so that by turning the screw
by means oí the' hand-wheel 35 attached thereto. 75
the rear end -oi' the casing i is raised or lowered..
to effect the required adjustment.
To those skilled in the art to which my inven
tion relates. many changesjin construction and
widely differing embodiments. and applications of
_ thc invention will suggest themselves without de
parting from the spirit and scope of the inven
tion. My disclosures and the description herein
are purely illustrative and are not intended to be
l0 in any sense limiting.
What I claim is:
l. In an amusement apparatus. atarget com~
prlslng a casing having a plurality of transverse
partitions spaced apart throughout the length
of the casing and having central openings there
through of diilerent diameters. a. btill`s~cye
-mounted on the innermost partition within the
opening thereof.V a ring mounted- on the forward
side of each of said partitions to _move substan
tially axially of the opening therein. the inner
marginal portion of cach of said rings being
. shaped in cross section to form a defiect'ing wall ,
and having a‘diameter less than that of the ad`¢
jacent. opening. springs normally vtending to'mo've
25 cach said ringaway from the adjacent partition.
' _
jectiles for civishioning the impact und for moving
the rings. electric circuits connected to said cori
tacts and rings'for a signaling means arranged
upon the movement oi“ each of the rings to close
a circuit to operate the signal means. collecting
troughs disposed between the lower portions o!
tlie partitions to collect projectiles deflected there
in by said rings. an independent.` tu'ne leading
from each trough to carry ott’ the projectiles
therefrom." an independent receptacle disposed at
vthe outer end of each tube for'receiving the
projectiles therefrom. means Afor contradistin->
guisliing said receptacles to designa-te the recep-v
tacles relatively to the respective troughs. 'between
tiie partitions. means forv dumping said- recep
tacles. and collecting means disposed ‘ieneath the
receptacles for receiving the projectiles therefrom
when the receptacles are. dumped and for main~
taining the projectiles in position for subsequent
' 4. ln a game apparatus. the combination of a
casing provided interiorly with a bull's-eyeand
a plurality ot spaced partitions forward thereof.:
said partitions being formed with valined openings increasing in diameter forwardly from said.
a signal device connected to said deflcctor rings buil's-eye. an annular contact mountrd- on the
for actuation upon the movement thereof under forward side of each said partition concentric to
impact of a projectile. troughs disposed between l the~ opening therein. a signaling device.- a ring
the lower portions of said partitions for collecting
30 projectiles deflectedv into the spaces provided be~
tween thep partitions. and independent collecting
devices leading from sold troughs for carrying
of! projectiles settling in the troughs.
2. In an amusement apparatus. a target com
35 pricing a casing having spliced transverse parti
concenlrically relatedv to cach openingen thev
forward side o! the adjacent partition. cushioning
means for yieldably supporting cach o! said rings
on the forward sides ofsaid partitions. and' nor~
vniaily tendini;` to move the ring away therefrom.
electric circuits between said signal device and
cach said contact and the adjacent ring'. the y
inner marginal portion of each said ring being
compartmentmsald partitions having substan shaped to form a wail for deileetlng project-iles
v tially alincd openings therethrough ofdiil‘crent ' into onewof the spaces between _sold partitions and
>Vdian'ie'te'rswiind each provided on its forward side the outeredge ol' each said ring. being arranged to
tions therein provlding a series of independent
engage the adjacent annular contact due to im~ |
pact oi’ u. projectile on said ring to close one of
the innermost partition in the opening thereof. `said circuits. and means for discharging _ the
I --a ring mounted-on the forward side of each -ot Y projectiles from-the spaces between said. parti
40 with an annular contact in concentiic relation to
the adjacent opening. n. buii's-eye mounted on
said partitions to move substantially axially of
45 the opening therein.. the inner marginal portion
of each of said rings being shaped'in cross scc
5. An apparatus as claimed in claim 4 wherein
means are provided for adjusting verticallyrona.'
- tion to form u. -deilecting wall Vand havlnga di~-4 end of said casing to dispose the axis of said opcn~
ameter less than that of the adjacent opening.
springs normally tending to move each said ring
away from the adjacent partition. electric cir
cuits connected to said contacts and rings and
including a signaling device. the outer’marginal
edge of each said ring being arranged to engage '
partitions providing a series of independent com
partmems and formed above the bottoms thereof
the adjacent contact to close i: 'circuit when the
with aiined openings of diiierent diameters, the
ring is depressed by impact. independent tubes
UI,(A leading
from the bottoms of said compartments
for receiving projectiles settling therein. and in
dependent receptacles at the outer ends of the
ings at an inclination to the horizontal.
6. In un amusement apparatus. a target com
prising a. horizontally disposed easing having be~
tween its front and rear ends Yspliced transverse
larger opening being at the front and each rear~
ward opening being smaller than the adjacent r.
forward opening. a buil‘s-eye mounted on the in'
nermost partition in the opening therein. a ring
tubes for receiving the projectiles from _the'tubess mounted on the front side of each partition for
and adapted to be .contradis'inguished from one
ward of said bull’s-'eye and in concentric relation »
another for determining the particular compart
to the opening therein and arranged to yield due
to impact of a projectile. the inner marginal por
tion of each of said rings being shaped in cross
section to form a curvilinear deflectìng wall and
ments from which the projectiles are collected.
3. In an vamusement'. apparatus. a target com
prising a casing open at ils forward end and pro
vided with a plurality of spaced apart transverse
partitions having alined openings ol’ diñerent
sizes therethrough and each provided on its for
ward side with an annular contact. a bull's-eye
mounted in the inner end of the casing lo line
with said openings, deîlector rings disposed con
70 centrically to said openings at the forward sides
of the partitions and the front of the casing,
resilient supporting means for said deñector rings
to admit movement thereof under impact of pro~ -
havin'g a diameter less than that oí the adjacent
opening“, independent tubes leading from the
bottoms of said compartments for receiving pro- '
jectiles settling therein. .and independent rccep«
tacles at the cuter ends of the tubes-for receiving '
the projectiles from the tubes and adapted to be
contradistinguished from one another for deter
mining the particular ,compartments from which
the projectiles are collected._
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