Патент USA US2116076код для вставки
May 3, 19358. . " R LIPTON _ 2,116,076 HEAD COVERING Filed March 24, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR 8/5)’ A/Pm/v MQZM ATTORNEYS May 3, 1938. ‘ R. LIPTON ' HEAD COVERING Filed March 24, 1957 2,116,076 ‘ 2 Sheetsi-Sheét 2 INVENTOR Paar L/PTOA/ ATTORNEYS Patented May 3, 1938 2,116,076 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,116,076 HEAD COVERING Ruby Lipton, New York, N. Y. Application March 24, 1937, Serial No. 132,671 4 Claims. (01. 2-498) . This invention relates to wearing apparel, especially to headwear and more particularly to Figure 2 is a view in front elevation showing the head covering as worn similarly closed; a head covering of the nature of a toque. It is an object of this invention to provide a ?ap closure means and the preferred position of . 5 ‘ snug ?tting article of the‘ above class which may be made of any suitable material which possesses little inherent structural rigidity, having an open able crown which is adapted to be worn in a closed position with a foldable member disposed 10* over an otherwise uncovered portion of the crown of the head; the foldable member also being adapted to fold back and lie over part of the stationary portion of the crown leaving a sub stantial portion of the head exposed. 15 Another object of this invention is to provide readily operable ‘means to fasten the foldable member or adjustable flap either in a closed or open position as suits the needs of the wearer. 20 25 Another object of this invention is to- provide a snug ?tting toque with the characteristic of self conforming to the contour of the head of the Figure 3 is a fragmentary View illustrating the the invisible size adjusting means; Figure 4 is a view in side elevation similar to Figure 1 showing the head covering applied to the head of the wearer with the foldable member open; Figure 5 is a view in rear elevation showing the 10., head covering as Worn with the members open and also showing the inner conforming band which engages the head of the wearer; Figure 6 is a View in front elevation similar to 15 Figure 2 but with the flap open; Figure '7 is a view in ‘cross section through the two fasteners and the peak of the crown with the flap open, showing the manner in which the foldable member lies against the crown in the open position, and showing the supplemental 20 conforming band; wearer in which an elastic adjuster is invisibly Figure 8 is a view in cross section on line 8—8 incorporated in the material of the band so that the hat will be drawn snugly about the head of of Figure 7 illustrating the self conforming strips and folded ?ange of the edge of the aperture; the wearer. Figure 9 is a view in side elevation of another embodiment of my invention as applied to head ‘ Still another object of this invention is to pro vide supplemental bands at the margin of the opening in the crown which will conform to and cooperate with the head of the wearer to hold the 30 hat securely in place by preventing slipping after the wearer has once adjusted the hat in a desired position. Another object is to provide a toque which presents in one arrangement of ' its parts a novel 35 appearance as an article of head apparel, suit gear. In a now preferred embodiment of the inven tion selected for illustration and description, the part designated generally by the reference char covering which conforms closely to the head of the wearer over a substantial area of the scalp. able for street wear, and which can be‘ converted The exact nature of the material or the shape into a ‘snug ?tting skull cap with a ventilating crown so that it is capable of con?ning the hair of the wearer conveniently while engaged in 40 athletic games, and at the same time permit adequate access of air to the scalp for ventila tion. Other objects and features of the invention will appear as the description of the particular 4 physical embodiment selected to illustrate the invention progresses. of the toque are not essential, it being merely preferable that they be adapted to ?t snugly about the head of the wearer, especially for con ?ning the hair during participation in athletic In the accompanying drawings, like characters of reference have been applied to corresponding 50 parts throughout the several views which make up the drawings, in which: Figure l is a view in side elevation showing the head covering which comprises this invention as applied to the human head with the fo-ldable 55.‘ member in the closed position; 30 acter l is the body of an article of headwear which may be called a toque for purposes of brevity, the term meaning to describe a head sports. In pursuance of an object of the invention a triangular or other shaped flap 2 is adapted to fold back over the non-movable portion of the crown leaving a substantial portion of the head exposed, or to cover the exposed portion of the 5 crown completely, as suits the needs of the wearer. This flap is provided with suitable means for retaining 'it in closed position and preferably 50 means are also provided to hold the flap in folded back position. For this purpose the flap may be provided with a loop 3 at its apex which is adapted to engage one or the other of the buttons 4 and 4' and thus hold the movable portion in 55 2 2,116,076 relatively stable position when fastened on either side of the toque. The button or similar fastening device 4 on the opening side of the hat is preferably attached to the lowermost portion of a reinforcing band or molding ?ange 5 which folds out from the margin complemental hookless fastener elements l2 mounted on the marginal edges of the band 5 and the ?ap 2 and a running slide l3 adapted to effect the union of said elements or their dis connection. In this embodiment of my invention the band 5 and the flap 2 when the hookless fas of the opening of the crown 6 as shown in Fig. 4. tener elements are engaged may be fastened to The free edge of the ?ange 5 is detachably se the body of the hat by means of the loop 3 en gaging the button 4 under the loop 1 as previously described, and in this position the hat hasa novel 10 and stylish appearance making it suitable for street wear; this variation may also be worn in cured to the side of the hat by means of a fas 10 tener which may be in the form of a small band or strip 7 suitably secured at its ends to the body of the hat, as shown in Fig. 3, and adapted to engage the button 4. The button 4, when engaged by the strip, has 15 the additional purpose as hereinbefore described of detachably securing the ?ap 2 in the closed position by means of the loop 3. In the open position of the foldable member the loop 3 is disposed around the button 4', or attached to the stationary part of the hat by any 20 other suitable means. To achieve the object of a quickly convertible head covering, it is necessary and desirable that there be a small amount of fullness in the ?t of 25 the flap portion to the head of the wearer. This fullness is taken up in the top of the crown when the flap is in the closed position by the forma tion of “dog’s ears” 8 where the movable flap 2 meets the overhanging ?ange or supplemental band 5 thus adding to the stylish and ornamental appearance of the hat. In the open position, the fullness forms a stylish and ornamental peak II in the top of the crown as shown in Fig. 6. The reinforcing band 5, which has previously been described, and the reinforcing band 9 which lies along the margin of the opening 2 in the crown of the hat I and bears directly upon the head of the wearer, have the important function both in the open and closed position of molding or shaping the hat to the head of the wearer and holding it at the desired position on the head inde?nitely whether the ?ap be open or closed. These bands therefore make the hat conform snugly to the head of the wearer despite any fullness in the crown which may be desirable from a standpoint of style or appearance. The reinforcing band 5, aside from this func tion, has an additional use in that it renders the hat or head covering more ornamental, particu larly since it is adapted in the preferred embodi ment of my invention, to lie over and substan tially conceal the elastic size adjuster Ill. The size adjuster l0 may be composed of any suitable elastic material. It is preferably se , cured to the inner band of the hat and is adapt ed to draw up any looseness of the band about the head of the wearer into folds which are sub the open position by adjustment of the hookless slide fastener and engagement of the loop 3 on the flap 2 with the button 4' as heretofore de 15 scribed. While I have described herein the best physical embodiment of the invention known to me at the present time, I wish it to be understood that this is of an illustrative character only and I there 20 fore do not wish to limit myself to the embodi ment described herein but wish to cover my in vention broadly in any form in which its prin ciple is embodied. I claim: 25. 1. A new article of headwear having a close ?tting crown, means in the form of a ?ap, for opening the crown while on the head of the wearer, a supplemental band on the edge of the opening engaging the head of the wearer directly, 30 a supplemental band on the edge of the opening folded away from the opening and lying against the outside of the crown, means for detachably securing the outside supplemental band to the stationary portion of the crown. 35 2. A new article of headwear having a close ?tting crown, means in the form of a flap, for opening the crown while on the head of the wearer, a supplemental band on the edge of the opening engaging the head of the wearer directly, a supplemental band on the edge of the opening folded away from the opening and lying against the outside of the crown, means for detachably securing the outside supplemental band to the stationary portion of the crown, and a circum 45 ferentially extending elastic size adjuster incor porated into the crown substantially concealed beneath the outside supplemental band. 3. A new article of headwear having a closely ?tting crown, means in the form of a triangularly 50 shaped flap or the like for opening the crown while on the head of the wearer, a loop secured to the apex of the triangular ?ap, buttoning means for detachably securing the loop of the ?ap to- the stationary portion of the crown when 55 the flap is in open position, and the crease be tween the stationary portion of the crown and the stantially concealed by the flange 5. The combi nation of the elastic adjuster II] with the supple movable ?ap forming a common base of the tri mental bands 5 and 9 assures a snug ?tting head mental band on the arms of the triangular open covering which will remain adjusted in the posi ing which bears against the head of the wearer, tion desired by the wearer. It is a feature of my invention that the snug ?tting character of the head covering is achieved without the usual disadvantage of the elastic angular opening in the crown folded away from the opening and lying against the outside of the crown, and buttoning means attached to the out 65 or other adjusting agent being visible when the hat is worn. This is accomplished by the cov ering of the adjuster means In with the ?ange portion 5 as shown in Figs. 3 and 7. In Fig. 9 an optional form of my invention is shown incorporating a brimmed head covering, the brim being of any desirable form, material, size or stiffness. Also embodied in this optional angular opening and triangular ?ap, a supple a supplemental band on the arms of the tri side supplemental band adapted to be detachably secured to a suitable engaging means on the sta tionary portion of the crown and when so secured to detachably engage the loop of the flap when the flap is in closed position. ' form with or without a brim is a fastener which 4. A new article of headwear having a closely ?tting crown, an openable ?ap in the crown adapted to be worn in open or closed position, a supplemental band attached to the margin of is preferably a hookless slide fastener including the opening engaging the head of the wearer di 70 75 2,116,076 reetly, a supplemental band attached to the mar gin of and folded away from the opening and lying against the outside of the crown, means for de taphably securing the outside supplemental band to the stationary portion of the crown, slide fastener elements mounted on the edge of the flap 3 in the crown and on the edge of the outer supr plemental band, and a running operator adapted to- effect the union of said elements and their dis connection at the will of the user. RUBY LIPTON.