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Патент USA US2116076

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May 3, 19358.
.
"
R LIPTON
_
2,116,076
HEAD COVERING
Filed March 24, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR
8/5)’ A/Pm/v
MQZM
ATTORNEYS
May 3, 1938.
‘
R. LIPTON '
HEAD
COVERING
Filed March 24, 1957
2,116,076
‘
2 Sheetsi-Sheét 2
INVENTOR
Paar L/PTOA/
ATTORNEYS
Patented May 3, 1938
2,116,076
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,116,076
HEAD COVERING
Ruby Lipton, New York, N. Y.
Application March 24, 1937, Serial No. 132,671
4 Claims.
(01. 2-498)
.
This invention relates to wearing apparel,
especially to headwear and more particularly to
Figure 2 is a view in front elevation showing
the head covering as worn similarly closed;
a head covering of the nature of a toque.
It is an object of this invention to provide a
?ap closure means and the preferred position of .
5 ‘ snug ?tting article of the‘ above class which may
be made of any suitable material which possesses
little inherent structural rigidity, having an open
able crown which is adapted to be worn in a
closed position with a foldable member disposed
10* over an otherwise uncovered portion of the crown
of the head; the foldable member also being
adapted to fold back and lie over part of the
stationary portion of the crown leaving a sub
stantial portion of the head exposed.
15
Another object of this invention is to provide
readily operable ‘means to fasten the foldable
member or adjustable flap either in a closed or
open position as suits the needs of the wearer.
20
25
Another object of this invention is to- provide
a snug ?tting toque with the characteristic of
self conforming to the contour of the head of the
Figure 3 is a fragmentary View illustrating the
the invisible size adjusting means;
Figure 4 is a view in side elevation similar to
Figure 1 showing the head covering applied to
the head of the wearer with the foldable member
open;
Figure 5 is a view in rear elevation showing the 10.,
head covering as Worn with the members open
and also showing the inner conforming band
which engages the head of the wearer;
Figure 6 is a View in front elevation similar to
15
Figure 2 but with the flap open;
Figure '7 is a view in ‘cross section through the
two fasteners and the peak of the crown with
the flap open, showing the manner in which the
foldable member lies against the crown in the
open position, and showing the supplemental 20
conforming band;
wearer in which an elastic adjuster is invisibly
Figure 8 is a view in cross section on line 8—8
incorporated in the material of the band so that
the hat will be drawn snugly about the head of
of Figure 7 illustrating the self conforming strips
and folded ?ange of the edge of the aperture;
the wearer.
Figure 9 is a view in side elevation of another
embodiment of my invention as applied to head
‘
Still another object of this invention is to pro
vide supplemental bands at the margin of the
opening in the crown which will conform to and
cooperate with the head of the wearer to hold the
30 hat securely in place by preventing slipping after
the wearer has once adjusted the hat in a desired
position.
Another object is to provide a toque which
presents in one arrangement of ' its parts a novel
35 appearance as an article of head apparel, suit
gear.
In a now preferred embodiment of the inven
tion selected for illustration and description, the
part designated generally by the reference char
covering which conforms closely to the head of
the wearer over a substantial area of the scalp.
able for street wear, and which can be‘ converted
The exact nature of the material or the shape
into a ‘snug ?tting skull cap with a ventilating
crown so that it is capable of con?ning the hair
of the wearer conveniently while engaged in
40 athletic games, and at the same time permit
adequate access of air to the scalp for ventila
tion.
Other objects and features of the invention
will appear as the description of the particular
4 physical embodiment selected to illustrate the
invention progresses.
of the toque are not essential, it being merely
preferable that they be adapted to ?t snugly
about the head of the wearer, especially for con
?ning the hair during participation in athletic
In the accompanying drawings, like characters
of reference have been applied to corresponding
50 parts throughout the several views which make
up the drawings, in which:
Figure l is a view in side elevation showing the
head covering which comprises this invention as
applied to the human head with the fo-ldable
55.‘ member in the closed position;
30
acter l is the body of an article of headwear
which may be called a toque for purposes of
brevity, the term meaning to describe a head
sports.
In pursuance of an object of the invention a
triangular or other shaped flap 2 is adapted to
fold back over the non-movable portion of the
crown leaving a substantial portion of the head
exposed, or to cover the exposed portion of the
5
crown completely, as suits the needs of the wearer.
This flap is provided with suitable means for
retaining 'it in closed position and preferably 50
means are also provided to hold the flap in folded
back position. For this purpose the flap may be
provided with a loop 3 at its apex which is
adapted to engage one or the other of the buttons
4 and 4' and thus hold the movable portion in 55
2
2,116,076
relatively stable position when fastened on either
side of the toque.
The button or similar fastening device 4 on the
opening side of the hat is preferably attached to
the lowermost portion of a reinforcing band or
molding ?ange 5 which folds out from the margin
complemental hookless fastener elements
l2
mounted on the marginal edges of the band 5
and the ?ap 2 and a running slide l3 adapted to
effect the union of said elements or their dis
connection. In this embodiment of my invention
the band 5 and the flap 2 when the hookless fas
of the opening of the crown 6 as shown in Fig. 4.
tener elements are engaged may be fastened to
The free edge of the ?ange 5 is detachably se
the body of the hat by means of the loop 3 en
gaging the button 4 under the loop 1 as previously
described, and in this position the hat hasa novel 10
and stylish appearance making it suitable for
street wear; this variation may also be worn in
cured to the side of the hat by means of a fas
10 tener which may be in the form of a small band
or strip 7 suitably secured at its ends to the body
of the hat, as shown in Fig. 3, and adapted to
engage the button 4.
The button 4, when engaged by the strip, has
15 the additional purpose as hereinbefore described
of detachably securing the ?ap 2 in the closed
position by means of the loop 3.
In the open position of the foldable member
the loop 3 is disposed around the button 4', or
attached to the stationary part of the hat by any
20
other suitable means.
To achieve the object of a quickly convertible
head covering, it is necessary and desirable that
there be a small amount of fullness in the ?t of
25 the flap portion to the head of the wearer. This
fullness is taken up in the top of the crown when
the flap is in the closed position by the forma
tion of “dog’s ears” 8 where the movable flap
2 meets the overhanging ?ange or supplemental
band 5 thus adding to the stylish and ornamental
appearance of the hat. In the open position, the
fullness forms a stylish and ornamental peak II
in the top of the crown as shown in Fig. 6.
The reinforcing band 5, which has previously
been described, and the reinforcing band 9 which
lies along the margin of the opening 2 in the
crown of the hat I and bears directly upon the
head of the wearer, have the important function
both in the open and closed position of molding
or shaping the hat to the head of the wearer
and holding it at the desired position on the head
inde?nitely whether the ?ap be open or closed.
These bands therefore make the hat conform
snugly to the head of the wearer despite any
fullness in the crown which may be desirable
from a standpoint of style or appearance.
The reinforcing band 5, aside from this func
tion, has an additional use in that it renders the
hat or head covering more ornamental, particu
larly since it is adapted in the preferred embodi
ment of my invention, to lie over and substan
tially conceal the elastic size adjuster Ill.
The size adjuster l0 may be composed of any
suitable elastic material.
It is preferably se
, cured to the inner band of the hat and is adapt
ed to draw up any looseness of the band about
the head of the wearer into folds which are sub
the open position by adjustment of the hookless
slide fastener and engagement of the loop 3
on the flap 2 with the button 4' as heretofore de 15
scribed.
While I have described herein the best physical
embodiment of the invention known to me at the
present time, I wish it to be understood that this
is of an illustrative character only and I there 20
fore do not wish to limit myself to the embodi
ment described herein but wish to cover my in
vention broadly in any form in which its prin
ciple is embodied.
I claim:
25.
1. A new article of headwear having a close
?tting crown, means in the form of a ?ap, for
opening the crown while on the head of the
wearer, a supplemental band on the edge of the
opening engaging the head of the wearer directly, 30
a supplemental band on the edge of the opening
folded away from the opening and lying against
the outside of the crown, means for detachably
securing the outside supplemental band to the
stationary portion of the crown.
35
2. A new article of headwear having a close
?tting crown, means in the form of a flap, for
opening the crown while on the head of the
wearer, a supplemental band on the edge of the
opening engaging the head of the wearer directly,
a supplemental band on the edge of the opening
folded away from the opening and lying against
the outside of the crown, means for detachably
securing the outside supplemental band to the
stationary portion of the crown, and a circum 45
ferentially extending elastic size adjuster incor
porated into the crown substantially concealed
beneath the outside supplemental band.
3. A new article of headwear having a closely
?tting crown, means in the form of a triangularly 50
shaped flap or the like for opening the crown
while on the head of the wearer, a loop secured
to the apex of the triangular ?ap, buttoning
means for detachably securing the loop of the
?ap to- the stationary portion of the crown when 55
the flap is in open position, and the crease be
tween the stationary portion of the crown and the
stantially concealed by the flange 5. The combi
nation of the elastic adjuster II] with the supple
movable ?ap forming a common base of the tri
mental bands 5 and 9 assures a snug ?tting head
mental band on the arms of the triangular open
covering which will remain adjusted in the posi
ing which bears against the head of the wearer,
tion desired by the wearer.
It is a feature of my invention that the snug
?tting character of the head covering is achieved
without the usual disadvantage of the elastic
angular opening in the crown folded away from
the opening and lying against the outside of the
crown, and buttoning means attached to the out 65
or other adjusting agent being visible when the
hat is worn.
This is accomplished by the cov
ering of the adjuster means In with the ?ange
portion 5 as shown in Figs. 3 and 7.
In Fig. 9 an optional form of my invention is
shown incorporating a brimmed head covering,
the brim being of any desirable form, material,
size or stiffness. Also embodied in this optional
angular opening and triangular ?ap, a supple
a supplemental band on the arms of the tri
side supplemental band adapted to be detachably
secured to a suitable engaging means on the sta
tionary portion of the crown and when so secured
to detachably engage the loop of the flap when
the flap is in closed position.
'
form with or without a brim is a fastener which
4. A new article of headwear having a closely
?tting crown, an openable ?ap in the crown
adapted to be worn in open or closed position,
a supplemental band attached to the margin of
is preferably a hookless slide fastener including
the opening engaging the head of the wearer di
70
75
2,116,076
reetly, a supplemental band attached to the mar
gin of and folded away from the opening and lying
against the outside of the crown, means for de
taphably securing the outside supplemental band
to the stationary portion of the crown, slide
fastener elements mounted on the edge of the flap
3
in the crown and on the edge of the outer supr
plemental band, and a running operator adapted
to- effect the union of said elements and their dis
connection at the will of the user.
RUBY LIPTON.
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