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Патент USA US2116171

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May 3, 1938.
S. HARRIS
`
MATTRESS
Filed Aug. ll, 1937
2,116,171
Patented May 3, 1938
2,116,171
fAMuNITED >STATES PATENT oFFlcE
MATTRESS
Siam> Harris, Chicago, Ill., assignor of one-half
to Esther S. Kraus, Chicago, Ill.
Application August 11, 1937, Serial No. 158,555 `
2 Claims.
My invention relates to the combination of a
mattress having a slidable portion and a recess
of the recess I4 adjacent their upper portions, and
adapted to removably hold a bed pan inserted
resting on said shoulders to form a surface sub
therein.
stantially flush and level with the body portion of
the mattress Ill. This leaves the recess I4 under
the slidable member I I otherwise unñlled and free
to form passageway I6 leading to the outside. As
Among the objects of my invention is to create
a construction eliminating the necessity of lifting
the patient so that the patient may have complete
and easy evacuation without embarrassment. To
supply a construction for relieving pressure on
10 ulcers and bed sores so as to permit the offending
area to heal more rapidly; to provide a construc~
tion to accommodate an incontinent patient who
may be placed directly over the opening for un
controlled evacuation; to create a construction
whereby the pan is always available upon the mere
lateral movement of the covering and slidable
section of the mattress,
To provide a construc
tion whereby the pan may be removed, cleaned and
replaced at any time without disturbing the pa
tient, and such other objects, advantages and
20 capabilities as will later more fully appear and
which are inherently possessed by my invention.
While I have shown in the accompanying draw
ing a preferred embodiment of my invention, yet
the slidable member I I is just thick enough when
a guide within said passageway I may provide an
incline 29 of metal, wood, plastic or the like with
its front end bent downwardly and attached to
the base 23 and its rear end supported by the top
of an upright member 30 the lower portion of
which rests on base 23.
Regardless of whether slidable member II is in
the normally closed or in withdrawn and open
position, passageway I6 is free and of sufficient
dimensions in cross section so that a bed pan may
be inserted and/ or withdrawn at any time.
In use let us assume that the patient is lying on
the mattress and desires to use the bed pan. All
he need do is to move to one side while the nurse
pulls handle I2 and moves slidable portion l l out
wardly enough on shoulders I3 to expose recess ld.
The pan I5 being already in position in recess Ill,
I wish it understood that the same is susceptible
the patient may proceed with the evacuation.
Upon the patient completing the evacuation he
from the spirit of my invention.
Referring to the drawing, Fig. l is a plan and
Fig. 2 a perspective View partly broken away show
ing my construction and Fig. 3 is a sectional ele
3 o vatìonal view showing the details of my invention.
Referring more particularly to the embodiment
selected to illustrate my invention, it comprises
a mattress I0 having a soft top covering 20 over
a tufted padding 2|, side walls 22 and a base 23
3 Ul
need only move slightly to one side, the nurse
2 Ul of modiñcation and change without departing
of substantial material such as metal, wood or
the like. Under the padding 2l and resting on the
base 23 are a plurality of spaced compression
springs 24.
40
The mattress IU has a transverse cut out or re
cess portion I4 extending from substantially the
center of said mattress to and through one of the
sides thereof. Suitably attached to the side walls
of said recess are; shoulders I3 of metal, wood,
45 plastic or other suitable material. A slidable
member II has a soft top covering 25 over pad
ding 26 and walls 21 and base 28 of metal, plastic,
wood or the like. Said slidable member II rests
normally on shoulders I3 and forms with the body
50 portion of the mattress I0 a substantially level
reclining surface for the body of a patient. The
slidable member I I has a handle I2, and is adapt
ed to slide outwardly on shoulders I3 to expose the
portion of said recess I4 directly thereunder.
The shoulders I3 are attached to the side walls
55
pushes slidable portion I l back to normal position
and the patient may recline as desired. No lifting
of the patient has been necessary. The patient 30
has not been required to assume an unnatural po
sition on a vessel. Lifting, irritation and em
barrassment have all been eliminated.
The. bed pan may be removed, cleaned and re
turned to position at any time without disturbing
the patient and even without his knowledge.
With an incontinent patient the recess may be
left exposed so that the patient by his own move
ment may accommodate himself without calling
the nurse.
40
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
l. A mattress comprising a body portion, said
body portion having a recess, and a passageway
leading from said recess to the outer side of said
mattress, shoulders attached to the inner walls of 45
said recess and passageway, a slidable portion po~
sitioned on said shoulders, said slidable portion
when in normal closed position forming with said
body portion a substantially level reclining surface
for a patient, said slidable portion adapted upon 50
movement to slide outwardly on said shoulders to
expose said recess, said recess and saldpassageway
both being of sufficient size below said shoulders
to permit the entry and'withdrawal of a bed pan
without movement of said slidable portion or the 55
2
2,116,171
knowledge of the patient, and a ñoor positioned
Within said passageway, said floor having an in
clined front for easy access to the pan and a raised
inner portion to support the pan in elevated posi
tion.
2. A mattress comprising a body portion, said
body portion having a recess and a passageway
leading from said recess to the outer side of said
mattress, shoulders attached to the inner walls of
10 said recess and passageway, a slidable portion
positioned on said shoulders, said slidable portion
when in normal closed position forming with said
body portion a substantially level reclining sur
face for a patient, said slidable portion adapted
upon movement to slide outwardly on said- shoul
ders to expose said recess, said recess and said
passageway both being of suñîcient size below said
shoulders to permit the entry and withdrawal o1'
a bed pan Without movement of said slidable por
tion or Without the knowledge of the patient, and
a ñoor positioned within said passageway, said
floor having its front end bent downwardly and
attached to the base of said mattress and forming
a wide opening to said passageway for easy access
to the pan, said floor inclined inwardly and up
wardly from said frontend and levelling at sub
stantially its central portion to form a level raised
10
inner portion to support the pan in elevated posi
tion, and a support extending between the base
of the mattress and the inner end of said ñoor
for supporting said ñoor.
15
SAM HARRIS.
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