Патент USA US2116171код для вставки
May 3, 1938. S. HARRIS ` MATTRESS Filed Aug. ll, 1937 2,116,171 Patented May 3, 1938 2,116,171 fAMuNITED >STATES PATENT oFFlcE MATTRESS Siam> Harris, Chicago, Ill., assignor of one-half to Esther S. Kraus, Chicago, Ill. Application August 11, 1937, Serial No. 158,555 ` 2 Claims. My invention relates to the combination of a mattress having a slidable portion and a recess of the recess I4 adjacent their upper portions, and adapted to removably hold a bed pan inserted resting on said shoulders to form a surface sub therein. stantially flush and level with the body portion of the mattress Ill. This leaves the recess I4 under the slidable member I I otherwise unñlled and free to form passageway I6 leading to the outside. As Among the objects of my invention is to create a construction eliminating the necessity of lifting the patient so that the patient may have complete and easy evacuation without embarrassment. To supply a construction for relieving pressure on 10 ulcers and bed sores so as to permit the offending area to heal more rapidly; to provide a construc~ tion to accommodate an incontinent patient who may be placed directly over the opening for un controlled evacuation; to create a construction whereby the pan is always available upon the mere lateral movement of the covering and slidable section of the mattress, To provide a construc tion whereby the pan may be removed, cleaned and replaced at any time without disturbing the pa tient, and such other objects, advantages and 20 capabilities as will later more fully appear and which are inherently possessed by my invention. While I have shown in the accompanying draw ing a preferred embodiment of my invention, yet the slidable member I I is just thick enough when a guide within said passageway I may provide an incline 29 of metal, wood, plastic or the like with its front end bent downwardly and attached to the base 23 and its rear end supported by the top of an upright member 30 the lower portion of which rests on base 23. Regardless of whether slidable member II is in the normally closed or in withdrawn and open position, passageway I6 is free and of sufficient dimensions in cross section so that a bed pan may be inserted and/ or withdrawn at any time. In use let us assume that the patient is lying on the mattress and desires to use the bed pan. All he need do is to move to one side while the nurse pulls handle I2 and moves slidable portion l l out wardly enough on shoulders I3 to expose recess ld. The pan I5 being already in position in recess Ill, I wish it understood that the same is susceptible the patient may proceed with the evacuation. Upon the patient completing the evacuation he from the spirit of my invention. Referring to the drawing, Fig. l is a plan and Fig. 2 a perspective View partly broken away show ing my construction and Fig. 3 is a sectional ele 3 o vatìonal view showing the details of my invention. Referring more particularly to the embodiment selected to illustrate my invention, it comprises a mattress I0 having a soft top covering 20 over a tufted padding 2|, side walls 22 and a base 23 3 Ul need only move slightly to one side, the nurse 2 Ul of modiñcation and change without departing of substantial material such as metal, wood or the like. Under the padding 2l and resting on the base 23 are a plurality of spaced compression springs 24. 40 The mattress IU has a transverse cut out or re cess portion I4 extending from substantially the center of said mattress to and through one of the sides thereof. Suitably attached to the side walls of said recess are; shoulders I3 of metal, wood, 45 plastic or other suitable material. A slidable member II has a soft top covering 25 over pad ding 26 and walls 21 and base 28 of metal, plastic, wood or the like. Said slidable member II rests normally on shoulders I3 and forms with the body 50 portion of the mattress I0 a substantially level reclining surface for the body of a patient. The slidable member I I has a handle I2, and is adapt ed to slide outwardly on shoulders I3 to expose the portion of said recess I4 directly thereunder. The shoulders I3 are attached to the side walls 55 pushes slidable portion I l back to normal position and the patient may recline as desired. No lifting of the patient has been necessary. The patient 30 has not been required to assume an unnatural po sition on a vessel. Lifting, irritation and em barrassment have all been eliminated. The. bed pan may be removed, cleaned and re turned to position at any time without disturbing the patient and even without his knowledge. With an incontinent patient the recess may be left exposed so that the patient by his own move ment may accommodate himself without calling the nurse. 40 Having thus described my invention, I claim: l. A mattress comprising a body portion, said body portion having a recess, and a passageway leading from said recess to the outer side of said mattress, shoulders attached to the inner walls of 45 said recess and passageway, a slidable portion po~ sitioned on said shoulders, said slidable portion when in normal closed position forming with said body portion a substantially level reclining surface for a patient, said slidable portion adapted upon 50 movement to slide outwardly on said shoulders to expose said recess, said recess and saldpassageway both being of sufficient size below said shoulders to permit the entry and'withdrawal of a bed pan without movement of said slidable portion or the 55 2 2,116,171 knowledge of the patient, and a ñoor positioned Within said passageway, said floor having an in clined front for easy access to the pan and a raised inner portion to support the pan in elevated posi tion. 2. A mattress comprising a body portion, said body portion having a recess and a passageway leading from said recess to the outer side of said mattress, shoulders attached to the inner walls of 10 said recess and passageway, a slidable portion positioned on said shoulders, said slidable portion when in normal closed position forming with said body portion a substantially level reclining sur face for a patient, said slidable portion adapted upon movement to slide outwardly on said- shoul ders to expose said recess, said recess and said passageway both being of suñîcient size below said shoulders to permit the entry and withdrawal o1' a bed pan Without movement of said slidable por tion or Without the knowledge of the patient, and a ñoor positioned within said passageway, said floor having its front end bent downwardly and attached to the base of said mattress and forming a wide opening to said passageway for easy access to the pan, said floor inclined inwardly and up wardly from said frontend and levelling at sub stantially its central portion to form a level raised 10 inner portion to support the pan in elevated posi tion, and a support extending between the base of the mattress and the inner end of said ñoor for supporting said ñoor. 15 SAM HARRIS.