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Патент USA US2116253

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May 3, 1938.
E. VAN BUREN
2,1 16,253
TOILET
Filed Feb. 20, 1957
@� %!.`
?y
l
INV EN TOR
fel/mund Van �/"en_
BY
TO NEY
2,116,253
Patented May 3, 1938
STATES PATENT NorrieE
lTE
2,116,253`
TOILET>
p Edmund Van Buren, Kansas City, M0. _ Y
- Application February 20, 1937, serial No. 126,828
14 Claims. (Cl. 4-124)
The invention consists of a conventional trailer
toilet compartment I having a floor 2 apertured
This invention relates to toilets and more par
ticularly to a toilet adapted for use in trailers,
summer cottages and other housing facilities
5.
as at 3 to receive a conventional hollow support
or stool 4 for a toilet seat 5 provided with the
usual hinged cover 6, mounted `in sealing engage- i
lacking the customary 'sewerage and plumbing
systems employed in connection?with a conven~
tional toilet.
In providing toilet facilities in trailers, difli
culty has been encountered in preventing ema
nation of gases throughout the living quarters
ment with the stool by the provision of sponge
rubber, for example, between?the stool, seat and
cover." A conventional gas absorber is also pro
vided in the capped conduit l for preventing
ernanation of gases from the stool to the other 10
thereof, as well as splashing of chemicals con
compartments of the trailer, it being apparent
tainedin the toilet receptacle proper. Another
that the conduit may be extended to the exterior
of the trailer for conducting the gases to atmos
disadvantage inherent in the conventional trailer
toilet is that the containers or receptacles must
be removed manually and carried through the
phere.
tional trailer toilet is that rattling is dimcult to
The principal object of the present invention
is, therefore, to overcome the above mentioned
2O
defects, and to provide a facilely operated, effi
cient and economical toilet of this character.
A further object of the invention is to lower the
center of gravity of the trailer by positioningr the
25 chemical containing receptacle under the floor
of the trailer.
'
A further object of the invention is to provide
for dumping the toilet receptacle without the
necessity of the user leaving the trailer, and re
30 turning the receptacle to usable position.
l
In accomplishing these and other objects of the
present invention, I have >provided improved de~
tails of structure, the preferred forms. of vwhich are
illustrated in the accompanying drawing, where
1n:
,
f
-
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a trailer toilet
Y embodying the features of the present invention,
parts thereof being?broken away to better illus
trate its construction.
,
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary vertical cross-section
40
on the line 2_2, Fig. l, the operating arm of the
toilet receptacle being shown in dotted lines when
the receptacle is in position for emptying same.
Fig. 3 is a plan View of my improved toilet, the
fixed and extreme swivelled positions thereof be
ing shown in dotted lines.
Fig. 4 is a vertical cross-section through the
toilet receptacle showing its Contact with a dump-V
ing device for emptying the receptacle.
i
Fig. 5 is a horizontal cross-section on the line
5_5, Fig. 6.
Fig. 6 is a vertical cross-section through a mod
` ifled form of toilet receptacle embodying the fea
tures of the present invention.
? 55
` "
Referring more in detail to the drawing:
`
suitable fastening devices also being provided for
overcome while the trailer is in motion. '
?
y
The stool 4 is provided with an annular flange 15
8 spacedffrom the lower?end 9 thereof for seat
ing on the floor 2 to support the stool in position,
living quarters to the outside for suitable disposal.
A further disadvantage common inthe conven
i
securing the 馻nge to the floor. ?Thel lower end
9 of the stool forms a skirt portion extending 20
below the 駉or and cooperates with the floor in
mounting an upwardly extending flange IB of a
container centering device II therebetween, suit
able fastenin-g devices I2 being provided for se
curing the flange relative to the iioor.
The centering device Il includes, with the
flange I0, a substantially?horizontally disposed
ring portion I3 having its upper face seating
against the lower face ofthe iioor and an angu
larly extending skirt portion Iii having a wider 30
periphery at its lower edge than at its upper edge
for a purpose presently described, which is pref
erably joined to the ring portion. suitably
?mounted on the underface of the ring I3 be~
tween the skirts 9 and It is an annular gasket I5. f' 35
`
A substantially cylindrical receptacle I6 havin-g
a bottom I?I and side walls IS is provided for
telescopingly surrounding the stool skirt portion
9 and engaging the gasket within the ring skirt
I4, the side walls I8 cooperating with the skirt? 40
9 to provide splash plates to prevent the deodor
izing and disinfecting chemical solution I9 with
which the receptacle Iii preferably is provided
from splashing up into the stool when the trailer
is in motion.
It is apparent from the construction thus far
described that I have provided a toilet stool hav
ing a receptacle which with the stool prevents rat
tling of the device while the trainer?is in motion
due to the engagement of the receptacle with the 50
gasket I5. Further, since the receptacle is of con
siderable size, positioning the receptacle under
the floor of the trailer materially lowers the cen
ter of gravity of the trailer.
In order to prevent emptying of the receptacle 55
2
2,116,253
without the necessity of manually removing the
receptacle and carrying it through the trailer to
condition and concentric alignment with the stool
when the arm 20 and receptacle are raised by
a suitable place of disposal, YI mount the recep
tacle on an operating arm 20, the connection be
tween the receptacle and arm preferably being
in the form of a bearing member 2| having
the lever mechanism.
In Figs. 5 and 6 I have provided a modified
form of my invention wherein the construction 5
hinged connection 22 with the receptacle, the
hinge being provided with a spring 22? for` re
taining the receptacle in position on the arm, and
tr'ailer and the flanged skirt 44 is similar to the
corresponding parts described in connection with
my preferred form of invention. The receptacle
10 sleeved connection 23 with the arm.
rically spaced ears 46 which have bores for slid
ably mounting the receptacle on the arms 41.
24 slidably and swivelly mounted in a casing 25
which extends above the floor 2 into the toilet
ably 駒ed to the under face of the trailer floor
further provided at its upper end with an annu
lar 馻nge 21 to form a bearing support for a lever
20 mechanism 28.y
The lever mechanism 28 preferably includes a
l threaded pin 29 mounted in the threaded bore 3U
of the stem. The upper end of the pin is pro
vided with a toggle lever including a handle por
tion 3| and forked arms 32, the lever being pivot
ally mounted on the pin 29, as at 33, in such a
manner that when in raised position, as shown
130
in full lines in Fig. 2, the 馻red ends 34 thereof
seat on and bear against the 馻nge 21 to main
tain the receptacle` I6 in engagement with the
gasket l5. It will be noted that with the arm in
raised condition the toggle lever is in slightly an
gled position relative to the casing which is caused
by slightly bevelling the ends of the 馻red ends
34 of the forked arms to prevent the danger of
accidentally releasing the lever and lowering the
receptacle.
In order to empty the receptacle I provide an
arm'36 having a lateral flange 31 (Fig. 4) fixed
as at 38 to the trailer iioor 2 and side wall 39
within the turning radius of the arm 20 and fur
ther positioned in such a manner that as the
arm is turned to move the receptacle, a rounded
lower corner of the receptacle contacts the curved
end 40 of the arm for tilting the receptacle rela'
tive to the arm to empty it of its contents. `
In operating a device constructed as described
and assuming the toilet to be in condition to be
used. the chemicals in the container deodorize
and disinfect any deposits in the receptacle. The
content of the receptacle normally agitated due
to motion of the trailer is prevented from enter
k55
45, however, is provided with preferably diamet- 10
The end of
the arm opposite its connection with the recep
tacle is preferably threadedly mounted on a stem
compartment adjacent the stool 4, the casing
having an annular 馻nge 26 for supporting the
casing, stem and arm from the floor and being
25
of the stool 42 mounted in the floor 43 of the
ing the interior of the stool by the splash plates
at the outer upper edges of the receptacle and
it is also apparent that the elements are eX
cluded from entering the toilet compartment by
the snug engagement of the edge of the receptacle
with the fixed gasket which also prevents rattling.
When the receptacle is to be emptied, the han
dle 3| of the lever mechanism is moved to the
right, Fig. 2, in such a manner that the edges 4|
of the forked arms seat on the upper flange of
the stem casing. Such action lowers the stem,
65 the arm and the receptacle and the handle is then
turned clockwise in a horizontal plane to pivot
the receptacle into engagement with the curved
arm 36 for tilting the receptacle and emptying it
of its contents.
v
To return the receptacle to usable condition,
the handle is turned in an anti-clockwise direc
The arms 41 are pivoted, as at 48, on ears 49 suit
and projecting downwardly therefrom. Stops 50 i5
are mounted on the arms in spaced relation to
the ends thereof in such a position as to center
the receptacle in axial alignment with the stool
when the ears 46 and stops 53 are in engaged re
lation. The arms 41 are preferably spaced apart ?
a slightly less distance than the diameter of the
receptacle and must be bowed for mounting the
outer free ends 5| of the arms in suitable pref
erably hook-shaped mountings 52 provided on the
wall 53 of the trailer adjacent the toilet.
In operating a device constructed in accord� v
ance with my modified form of invention, and
assuming the receptacle to be in usable position,
the same advantages obtain as those described in
connection with the 駒ed condition of my pre- 20
ferred form of invention. When the receptacle
is to be emptied, the arms 41 are sprung from
'
their mountings 52, the arms pivoted downwardly
to remove the receptacle from contact with the
stool and the receptacle is then slid from the arms CO Ul
for suitably emptying same. To return the re
ceptacle to render the device operable, therecep
tacle ears are sleeved on the arms substantially
to a point limited by the stops 50, whereupon
the arms are lifted and sprung back into their 4o
mountings on the trailer, the 馻red skirt cooper
ating with the arm stops to position the receptacle
in axial alignment with the stool.
The principal advantages of a device construct
ed in accordance with my present forms of in- 45
vention over devices heretofore available for the
same purpose are that gases are prevented from
emanating throughout the trailer; the device will
not rattle while the trailer is in motion; the re
ceptacle may be automatically emptied when de- 50
sired; splashing of chemical solutions in the re�
ceptacle is limited. by the splash plates to the re
ceptacle proper; and the toilet is effectively sealed
from exterior iniiuences.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters 55
Patent is:
1. In a device of the character described, a
hollow stool, a removable receptacle normally
mounted in sealing engagement with and below
said stool, and a lever mechanism for removing 60
said receptacle from engagement with said stool,
said lever mechanism having a portion thereof
engaged with the receptacle and adapted to move
the same laterally to one side of the stool when
the lever mechanism is actuated.
l
(35
2. In combination with a toilet stool mounted
on a support, a receptacle mounted in sealing
engagement relative to and below said stool and
support, and a lever mechanism mounted on the
support and engageable with the receptacle for 70
selectively removing said receptacle from en
gagement with said stool and. laterally to one
tion to substantially its former position and then
raised. The position of the receptacle below the Aside thereof in substantially its original plane.
stool need not be exact for the .reason Vthat the
3. In combination with a toilet stool mounted
..75 flared skirt guides the receptacle 縤nto centered on a support, a receptacle mounted in sealing .75
>2,116,253
3
engagement relative to and below said stool,
means for removing said receptacle from engage
ment with said stool, and means mounted on
said support at a point spaced from said recep
tacle removing means engageable with said re~
ceptacle upon disengagement thereof from the
10. In a device of the character described, a
support, a toilet stool mounted on said support
having a skirt extending below said support, seal
ing and centering means mounted below said
support about said skirt, a lever mechanism piv
stool for tilting and emp-tying said receptacle.
normally extending below said skirt, a receptacle
4. In a device of the character described, a
toilet stool, a support for said toilet stool, an
arm pivotally mounted on said support belo-W
said stool, and a receptacle sleeved on said arm
in axial alignment with said stool.
pivotally mounted on said arm in concentric
alignment with said skirt, and means on said
support engageable with said receptacle in re
sponse to movement oi the receptacle by the
lever mechanism for pivoting the receptacle on
the arm to empty the receptacle.
ll. In a deviceoi the character described, a
supp-ort, a toilet stool mounted on said support,
a receptacle having ears, and means. hingedly
5. In a device of the character described, a
toilet stool, a support for said toilet stool, an
15 arm pivotally mounted on said support below
said stool, a receptacle pivotally mounted on
said arm in axial alignment with said stool, and
means on said arm for raising and lowering said
receptacle relative to said stool.
6. In a device of the character described, a
20
toilet stool, a support for said toilet stool, an
arm pivotally mounted on said support below
said stool, a receptacle pivotally mounted on
said ann in axial alignment with said stool,
25 means on said arm for raising and lowering said
receptacle relative to said stool, and means on
said support engageable with said receptacle
upon pivoting said arm for pivoting said recep
tacle on said arm to empty said receptacle.
7. In a device of the character described, a
30
support, a toilet stool mounted on said support
having a skirt extending below the support, and
a receptacle mounted on said support in remov
able telescoping relation with and below said
35 stool.
8. In a device of the character described, a
support, a toilet stool mounted on said support
having a skirt extending below the support, a
receptacle mounted on said support in removable
40 telescoping relation with and below said stool,
and means for removing said receptacle `from
telescoping relation with said skirt.
9. In a device of the character described, a
support, a toilet stool mounted on said support
having a skirt extending below the support, a
receptacle mounted on said support in removable
telescoping relation with and below said stool,
means for removing said receptacle from tele
scoping relation with said skirt, and means for
centering said receptacle relative to said stool
50
skirt when the receptacle is returned to said
telescoping relation.
otally mounted on said support having an arm
mounted on said support slidably engageable
with said ears for mounting said receptacle in
removable engagement with and below said stool.?
12. In a device of the character described, a 20
support, a toilet stool mounted on said support,
a receptacle having ears, means pivotally mount
ed on said support engageable with said ears for
mounting said receptacle in removable engage
ment with and below said stool, and means on 25
said receptacle mounting means engageable with
said ears for centering said receptacle relative
to said stool.
`
13. In a device of the character described, a
support, a toilet stool mounted on said support, 30
a receptacle having ears, means pivotally mount
ed on said support engageable with said ears for
mounting said receptacle in engagement with and
below
said > stool,
means
on
said
receptacle
mounting means for centering said receptacle 35
relative to said stool, and means on said support
for maintaining said pivotally mounted means
in 駒ed position.
?
14. In combination with a toilet compartment
having a floor, a toilet stool mounted on the 40
iioor, a receptacle normally mounted in sealing
engagement with the stool below the door, means
connected with the receptacle and controlled
from within the compartment adapted for se
lectively removing the receptacle from sealing
engagement with the stool and for emptying the
receptacle, in response to actuation of the con
trolled means, and means for removably mount
ing the receptacle on the controlled means.
EDMUN'D VAN BUREN.
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