Патент USA US2116253код для вставки
May 3, 1938. E. VAN BUREN 2,1 16,253 TOILET Filed Feb. 20, 1957 @� %!.` ?y l INV EN TOR fel/mund Van �/"en_ BY TO NEY 2,116,253 Patented May 3, 1938 STATES PATENT NorrieE lTE 2,116,253` TOILET> p Edmund Van Buren, Kansas City, M0. _ Y - Application February 20, 1937, serial No. 126,828 14 Claims. (Cl. 4-124) The invention consists of a conventional trailer toilet compartment I having a floor 2 apertured This invention relates to toilets and more par ticularly to a toilet adapted for use in trailers, summer cottages and other housing facilities 5. as at 3 to receive a conventional hollow support or stool 4 for a toilet seat 5 provided with the usual hinged cover 6, mounted `in sealing engage- i lacking the customary 'sewerage and plumbing systems employed in connection?with a conven~ tional toilet. In providing toilet facilities in trailers, difli culty has been encountered in preventing ema nation of gases throughout the living quarters ment with the stool by the provision of sponge rubber, for example, between?the stool, seat and cover." A conventional gas absorber is also pro vided in the capped conduit l for preventing ernanation of gases from the stool to the other 10 thereof, as well as splashing of chemicals con compartments of the trailer, it being apparent tainedin the toilet receptacle proper. Another that the conduit may be extended to the exterior of the trailer for conducting the gases to atmos disadvantage inherent in the conventional trailer toilet is that the containers or receptacles must be removed manually and carried through the phere. tional trailer toilet is that rattling is dimcult to The principal object of the present invention is, therefore, to overcome the above mentioned 2O defects, and to provide a facilely operated, effi cient and economical toilet of this character. A further object of the invention is to lower the center of gravity of the trailer by positioningr the 25 chemical containing receptacle under the floor of the trailer. ' A further object of the invention is to provide for dumping the toilet receptacle without the necessity of the user leaving the trailer, and re 30 turning the receptacle to usable position. l In accomplishing these and other objects of the present invention, I have >provided improved de~ tails of structure, the preferred forms. of vwhich are illustrated in the accompanying drawing, where 1n: , f - Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a trailer toilet Y embodying the features of the present invention, parts thereof being?broken away to better illus trate its construction. , Fig. 2 is a fragmentary vertical cross-section 40 on the line 2_2, Fig. l, the operating arm of the toilet receptacle being shown in dotted lines when the receptacle is in position for emptying same. Fig. 3 is a plan View of my improved toilet, the fixed and extreme swivelled positions thereof be ing shown in dotted lines. Fig. 4 is a vertical cross-section through the toilet receptacle showing its Contact with a dump-V ing device for emptying the receptacle. i Fig. 5 is a horizontal cross-section on the line 5_5, Fig. 6. Fig. 6 is a vertical cross-section through a mod ` ifled form of toilet receptacle embodying the fea tures of the present invention. ? 55 ` " Referring more in detail to the drawing: ` suitable fastening devices also being provided for overcome while the trailer is in motion. ' ? y The stool 4 is provided with an annular flange 15 8 spacedffrom the lower?end 9 thereof for seat ing on the floor 2 to support the stool in position, living quarters to the outside for suitable disposal. A further disadvantage common inthe conven i securing the 馻nge to the floor. ?Thel lower end 9 of the stool forms a skirt portion extending 20 below the 駉or and cooperates with the floor in mounting an upwardly extending flange IB of a container centering device II therebetween, suit able fastenin-g devices I2 being provided for se curing the flange relative to the iioor. The centering device Il includes, with the flange I0, a substantially?horizontally disposed ring portion I3 having its upper face seating against the lower face ofthe iioor and an angu larly extending skirt portion Iii having a wider 30 periphery at its lower edge than at its upper edge for a purpose presently described, which is pref erably joined to the ring portion. suitably ?mounted on the underface of the ring I3 be~ tween the skirts 9 and It is an annular gasket I5. f' 35 ` A substantially cylindrical receptacle I6 havin-g a bottom I?I and side walls IS is provided for telescopingly surrounding the stool skirt portion 9 and engaging the gasket within the ring skirt I4, the side walls I8 cooperating with the skirt? 40 9 to provide splash plates to prevent the deodor izing and disinfecting chemical solution I9 with which the receptacle Iii preferably is provided from splashing up into the stool when the trailer is in motion. It is apparent from the construction thus far described that I have provided a toilet stool hav ing a receptacle which with the stool prevents rat tling of the device while the trainer?is in motion due to the engagement of the receptacle with the 50 gasket I5. Further, since the receptacle is of con siderable size, positioning the receptacle under the floor of the trailer materially lowers the cen ter of gravity of the trailer. In order to prevent emptying of the receptacle 55 2 2,116,253 without the necessity of manually removing the receptacle and carrying it through the trailer to condition and concentric alignment with the stool when the arm 20 and receptacle are raised by a suitable place of disposal, YI mount the recep tacle on an operating arm 20, the connection be tween the receptacle and arm preferably being in the form of a bearing member 2| having the lever mechanism. In Figs. 5 and 6 I have provided a modified form of my invention wherein the construction 5 hinged connection 22 with the receptacle, the hinge being provided with a spring 22? for` re taining the receptacle in position on the arm, and tr'ailer and the flanged skirt 44 is similar to the corresponding parts described in connection with my preferred form of invention. The receptacle 10 sleeved connection 23 with the arm. rically spaced ears 46 which have bores for slid ably mounting the receptacle on the arms 41. 24 slidably and swivelly mounted in a casing 25 which extends above the floor 2 into the toilet ably 駒ed to the under face of the trailer floor further provided at its upper end with an annu lar 馻nge 21 to form a bearing support for a lever 20 mechanism 28.y The lever mechanism 28 preferably includes a l threaded pin 29 mounted in the threaded bore 3U of the stem. The upper end of the pin is pro vided with a toggle lever including a handle por tion 3| and forked arms 32, the lever being pivot ally mounted on the pin 29, as at 33, in such a manner that when in raised position, as shown 130 in full lines in Fig. 2, the 馻red ends 34 thereof seat on and bear against the 馻nge 21 to main tain the receptacle` I6 in engagement with the gasket l5. It will be noted that with the arm in raised condition the toggle lever is in slightly an gled position relative to the casing which is caused by slightly bevelling the ends of the 馻red ends 34 of the forked arms to prevent the danger of accidentally releasing the lever and lowering the receptacle. In order to empty the receptacle I provide an arm'36 having a lateral flange 31 (Fig. 4) fixed as at 38 to the trailer iioor 2 and side wall 39 within the turning radius of the arm 20 and fur ther positioned in such a manner that as the arm is turned to move the receptacle, a rounded lower corner of the receptacle contacts the curved end 40 of the arm for tilting the receptacle rela' tive to the arm to empty it of its contents. ` In operating a device constructed as described and assuming the toilet to be in condition to be used. the chemicals in the container deodorize and disinfect any deposits in the receptacle. The content of the receptacle normally agitated due to motion of the trailer is prevented from enter k55 45, however, is provided with preferably diamet- 10 The end of the arm opposite its connection with the recep tacle is preferably threadedly mounted on a stem compartment adjacent the stool 4, the casing having an annular 馻nge 26 for supporting the casing, stem and arm from the floor and being 25 of the stool 42 mounted in the floor 43 of the ing the interior of the stool by the splash plates at the outer upper edges of the receptacle and it is also apparent that the elements are eX cluded from entering the toilet compartment by the snug engagement of the edge of the receptacle with the fixed gasket which also prevents rattling. When the receptacle is to be emptied, the han dle 3| of the lever mechanism is moved to the right, Fig. 2, in such a manner that the edges 4| of the forked arms seat on the upper flange of the stem casing. Such action lowers the stem, 65 the arm and the receptacle and the handle is then turned clockwise in a horizontal plane to pivot the receptacle into engagement with the curved arm 36 for tilting the receptacle and emptying it of its contents. v To return the receptacle to usable condition, the handle is turned in an anti-clockwise direc The arms 41 are pivoted, as at 48, on ears 49 suit and projecting downwardly therefrom. Stops 50 i5 are mounted on the arms in spaced relation to the ends thereof in such a position as to center the receptacle in axial alignment with the stool when the ears 46 and stops 53 are in engaged re lation. The arms 41 are preferably spaced apart ? a slightly less distance than the diameter of the receptacle and must be bowed for mounting the outer free ends 5| of the arms in suitable pref erably hook-shaped mountings 52 provided on the wall 53 of the trailer adjacent the toilet. In operating a device constructed in accord� v ance with my modified form of invention, and assuming the receptacle to be in usable position, the same advantages obtain as those described in connection with the 駒ed condition of my pre- 20 ferred form of invention. When the receptacle is to be emptied, the arms 41 are sprung from ' their mountings 52, the arms pivoted downwardly to remove the receptacle from contact with the stool and the receptacle is then slid from the arms CO Ul for suitably emptying same. To return the re ceptacle to render the device operable, therecep tacle ears are sleeved on the arms substantially to a point limited by the stops 50, whereupon the arms are lifted and sprung back into their 4o mountings on the trailer, the 馻red skirt cooper ating with the arm stops to position the receptacle in axial alignment with the stool. The principal advantages of a device construct ed in accordance with my present forms of in- 45 vention over devices heretofore available for the same purpose are that gases are prevented from emanating throughout the trailer; the device will not rattle while the trailer is in motion; the re ceptacle may be automatically emptied when de- 50 sired; splashing of chemical solutions in the re� ceptacle is limited. by the splash plates to the re ceptacle proper; and the toilet is effectively sealed from exterior iniiuences. What I claim and desire to secure by Letters 55 Patent is: 1. In a device of the character described, a hollow stool, a removable receptacle normally mounted in sealing engagement with and below said stool, and a lever mechanism for removing 60 said receptacle from engagement with said stool, said lever mechanism having a portion thereof engaged with the receptacle and adapted to move the same laterally to one side of the stool when the lever mechanism is actuated. l (35 2. In combination with a toilet stool mounted on a support, a receptacle mounted in sealing engagement relative to and below said stool and support, and a lever mechanism mounted on the support and engageable with the receptacle for 70 selectively removing said receptacle from en gagement with said stool and. laterally to one tion to substantially its former position and then raised. The position of the receptacle below the Aside thereof in substantially its original plane. stool need not be exact for the .reason Vthat the 3. In combination with a toilet stool mounted ..75 flared skirt guides the receptacle 縤nto centered on a support, a receptacle mounted in sealing .75 >2,116,253 3 engagement relative to and below said stool, means for removing said receptacle from engage ment with said stool, and means mounted on said support at a point spaced from said recep tacle removing means engageable with said re~ ceptacle upon disengagement thereof from the 10. In a device of the character described, a support, a toilet stool mounted on said support having a skirt extending below said support, seal ing and centering means mounted below said support about said skirt, a lever mechanism piv stool for tilting and emp-tying said receptacle. normally extending below said skirt, a receptacle 4. In a device of the character described, a toilet stool, a support for said toilet stool, an arm pivotally mounted on said support belo-W said stool, and a receptacle sleeved on said arm in axial alignment with said stool. pivotally mounted on said arm in concentric alignment with said skirt, and means on said support engageable with said receptacle in re sponse to movement oi the receptacle by the lever mechanism for pivoting the receptacle on the arm to empty the receptacle. ll. In a deviceoi the character described, a supp-ort, a toilet stool mounted on said support, a receptacle having ears, and means. hingedly 5. In a device of the character described, a toilet stool, a support for said toilet stool, an 15 arm pivotally mounted on said support below said stool, a receptacle pivotally mounted on said arm in axial alignment with said stool, and means on said arm for raising and lowering said receptacle relative to said stool. 6. In a device of the character described, a 20 toilet stool, a support for said toilet stool, an arm pivotally mounted on said support below said stool, a receptacle pivotally mounted on said ann in axial alignment with said stool, 25 means on said arm for raising and lowering said receptacle relative to said stool, and means on said support engageable with said receptacle upon pivoting said arm for pivoting said recep tacle on said arm to empty said receptacle. 7. In a device of the character described, a 30 support, a toilet stool mounted on said support having a skirt extending below the support, and a receptacle mounted on said support in remov able telescoping relation with and below said 35 stool. 8. In a device of the character described, a support, a toilet stool mounted on said support having a skirt extending below the support, a receptacle mounted on said support in removable 40 telescoping relation with and below said stool, and means for removing said receptacle `from telescoping relation with said skirt. 9. In a device of the character described, a support, a toilet stool mounted on said support having a skirt extending below the support, a receptacle mounted on said support in removable telescoping relation with and below said stool, means for removing said receptacle from tele scoping relation with said skirt, and means for centering said receptacle relative to said stool 50 skirt when the receptacle is returned to said telescoping relation. otally mounted on said support having an arm mounted on said support slidably engageable with said ears for mounting said receptacle in removable engagement with and below said stool.? 12. In a device of the character described, a 20 support, a toilet stool mounted on said support, a receptacle having ears, means pivotally mount ed on said support engageable with said ears for mounting said receptacle in removable engage ment with and below said stool, and means on 25 said receptacle mounting means engageable with said ears for centering said receptacle relative to said stool. ` 13. In a device of the character described, a support, a toilet stool mounted on said support, 30 a receptacle having ears, means pivotally mount ed on said support engageable with said ears for mounting said receptacle in engagement with and below said > stool, means on said receptacle mounting means for centering said receptacle 35 relative to said stool, and means on said support for maintaining said pivotally mounted means in 駒ed position. ? 14. In combination with a toilet compartment having a floor, a toilet stool mounted on the 40 iioor, a receptacle normally mounted in sealing engagement with the stool below the door, means connected with the receptacle and controlled from within the compartment adapted for se lectively removing the receptacle from sealing engagement with the stool and for emptying the receptacle, in response to actuation of the con trolled means, and means for removably mount ing the receptacle on the controlled means. EDMUN'D VAN BUREN.