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Патент USA US2116334

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May 3, 1938.
E. E. woLLER ET AL
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GLIDER
Filed July 5, 1934
2,116,334
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May 3, 1938.
E. E. woLLER ET Au, '
` 2,116,334
GLIDER
Filed July 5, 1954
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4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Patented May 3, 1938
2,116,334
oNiTED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,116,334
GLIDÉR
I
l
Edward E. Woller, Don Carlos Travis and Mat
thew F. Bayer, Kenosha, Wis., assignors to
Simmons Company, New York, N. Y., a cor
poration of Delaware
Application July 5, 1934, Serial No. 733,748
9 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in the
construction of an article of furniture such as
commonly called a “glider”, and it has for `its
principal objects the provision of an improved
construction which may be quickly and easily
"collapsed and set up to facilitate shipment and
storage when not in use; the provision of such a
structure which may be assembled or disassem
bled without the use of tools; the provision of a
(Cl. 5-126)
tie bar or membervIZ. The end members Ill and
I I are of substantially like construction and each
embodies a base or foot member I3 of angle iron
construction, upwardly extending angle iron
’posts I4 and I5 disposed in spaced relation, and
a top member ‘ I6 which extends transversely of
the posts I4 and I5 and is also formed of angle
iron. 'I'he end member parts I3 to I6 vinclusive
are suitably secured together in relatively ñxed
relation by riveting or otherwise and braces such
as indicated at I1 may be provided for strength
1.0 glider having swinging seat and back rest sec
tions which are effectively held against endwise
swaying by an exceptionally simple device which ening the structure.
will not noticeably restrict the desired swinging
The end members I0 and II are each provided
movement; the provision of an improved and with a bracket I8 welded or riveted thereto in
simplified seat and back rest arrangement which ñxed relation and each bracket I8 is pivoted to
may be adjusted from normal angular> relation the adjacent end of the tie bar I2 by means of
to coplanar bed position; the provision of means a rivet or the like indicated at I9. It will be
for effectively locking the seat and back rest sec
seen that the end members I0 and II are thus
tions against swinging movement when in bed pivotally or foldably connected to the tie member
I2 so that they may be folded from normal or
“20 position; the provision of automatically actu
operative upright position, as shown in Figs. 1,
ated leg means for supporting the back rest sec
tion when in bed position; and in general, it is 2, 3 and 4, to the collapsed position illustrated in
` Fig. 5.
>the object of this invention to provide an im
proved glider of the type referred to.
For supporting the end members in their up
Gther objects and advantages of the invention ` right position, there are provided two, more or
will be understood by reference to the following less Y-shaped, braces designated 20, 20. Each
speciñcation and accompanying drawings (4 Y-brace 20 includes forked arms 2I and 22 which
sheets) in which there is illustrated a glider have their ¿free ends pivoted respectively to the
embodying a selected form of the invention.
upright posts I4 and I5 of the respective end
in the drawings
members. The end of the other arm 23 of the Y
brace `is provided with a disengageable pin and
Fig. '1 is an end elevation;
`
Fig. 2 is a rear elevation of the end portion of slot connection with the tie bar I2. The pin and
the glider illustrated in Fig. 1;‘
slot connection referred to includes, in this in
Fig. 3 is a front elevation;
stance, a pin 24 secured to the tie bar I2 and an
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section on the line 4-'4 inverted keyhole opening 25 in the end of the`
01”' Fig. 1;
`
said arm 23. The pin 24 is provided with a head
Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the main or sup
of larger diameter than the shank of. the pin,
porting’frame of the glider when in vfolded or the head> of the pin being of such size that it will
collapsed condition for shipping or storage pur
ñt‘ through the enlarged part of the keyhole open
poses;
I
ing `25 but not through the smaller portion.
Fig. 6 is an end elevation of the seat and back Thus the braces 20 `may be engaged with the tie
rest sections when in folded or collapsed condi
bar I2 by a slight lateral movement of the brace
tion for shipping or storage purposes;
‘
Ll., the back rest section being shown turned down
f
Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8-8 of Fig. '7; v
Fig. 9 is a plan of an end portion of the struc
tur-e when in bed position; and
0
35
40
relative to the tie bar so a-s to cause the head of
Fig. 7 is a section on the line ‘I-l of Figs. 3 and
to form a bed;
25
`~
Fig. 10 is a perspective illustrating a detail of
construction of the spring fabric of the seat and
back rest sections.
Referring now to` the drawings, the improved
glider embodies a pair of end members IIJ `and
“ ` Il which are connected together by means of a
the pin 24 to extend through the enlarged part
of theV opening 25 and a subsequent swinging
movement of the brace about its pivotal connec
tions with the posts I4 and I5 of the end member.
This engagement of the braces and tie bar is of
course accomplished by reverse movement of the
parts. It may be observed that the various part-s 50
are `sul’iiciently flexible to permit the necessary
amount of lateral movement to engage or dis
engage the braces from the pins 24.
The seat'and back rest sections 26 and 21 each
>include iron border frames which are pivoted, 55
2
2,116,334
operative or upright position and also in further
unfolded bed position, as illustrated in Fig. _7,
or hinged together through the agency of brack
ets 28 and 29 respectively secured to the seat and
back rest sections and pivoted together as indi
cated at 30. Such hinged connections are pro
through the agency of a leg structure which em
bodies legs such as indicated at 49 respectively
connected to the ends of the back rest section by
means of a pivot connection such as indicated at
50. Such legs are connected for rigidity and for
simultaneous movement through the agency of
a longitudinally extending angle iron bar 5|
vided at each end of the seat and back rest sec
tions.
Front and rear legs 3| and 32 respectively de
pend from the border frame of thejseat section
in fixed relation thereto and these legs are con
nected by means of transversely extending angle.; ,which is offset rearwardly intermediate its ends 10
iron members such as indicated at 12. Corner so as to avoid interference with the yielding bed
braces such as indicated at 33 may be provided-V vspring fabric carried by the back rest frame, as
for further reinforcing the structure.vv
_Y Y*
j ¿
`
j
Awill presently be described.
The lower end of
each leg 49 is connected by means of a strut 52
tions in the main supportingframe, there arev to a normally fixed pivot designated 53. The 15
provided front and rear hangers 34 and 35 which -pivot 53 comprises a headed pin carried by the
depend from the front and rear, ends respectively lower end of the link 52, the said pin being
of the top cross members I6 of the respective end ' adapted to fit in a slot 54 provided in a bracket 55
which is secured to and extends rearwardly from
members. The hangers 34 and 35 may be con
the adjacent rear legs 32 of the seat section. A 20
20 nected to the top member I6 in any.y suitable
Swingably mounting the `-seat and back rest sec
manner, for example, by means of links such'as
indicated
at
36.
'
'
"
"
,_
'
'
5
The front hangers 34’ are connected to the _front
portion of the seat section 26‘ through the agency
' hookelement 56 pivoted at one end to the bracket
55,"is provided for also engaging the headed pin
to lock the same in the slot 54, as will be readily
lunderstood by inspection of Fig. 1. The upper
-end of the strut 52 is pivoted to the lowerI end 25
of bars 31, 431 whichfhave' -'their -outer 'ends
‘anchored tothe lower vends" of the hangers34 ‘ portion, of the leg 49, as indicated at 51.
It will be seen that when the back rest section
21 is in the position illustrated in Fig. l, the strut
52 and `leg 49 will support the back rest section
because the leg rests against the inwardly pro 30
jecting front flange of the back rest frame and
The inner end portions of the bars _31, 31 are the pivot 51 is in an over-the-center position with
adapted to be positioned in slots such as> indicated -respect to the pivots 50 and 53. To eifect unfold
at 4I (Fig. 6) in the lower ends of the kfront legs 3l `ing of the back rest section to bed position, it is
of the seat section, the keyhole openings 4U of the >necessary to swing the back rest section slightly 35
said bars being adapted to engage headedpins y"forwardly on its pivot connection 30 with the seat
through the agency'of links such as 'indicated
4at 38, 38. Intermediate theirfle‘ngths, the bars
31 are provided with transversely extending stop
pins 39 and at their inner ends', the bars 31 have
inverted keyhole openings designated 40.
‘section so as to permit the legs 49 and struts 52
designated 42 carried by corner braces 43 ex
tending between the >'front legs 37| and the border __tofbe swung rearwardly about their respective
frame of the seat section. The pin and -slot con ' pivots 50 and 53. As soon as the over-the-center
nections 40, 42 are similary to the pin and slot relationship illustrated in Fig. 1 is overcome and 40
connections 24, 25 >previously described and are reversed, the weight of the back rest section will
40
engageable and disengageable in the same man
ner. The stop pins 39 serve to facilitate engage
ment of the pin and slot connections 40, 42 by
properly positioning the bar 31 with respect to
the leg 3| and corner brace 43- and the said stop
45
pin also relieves the headedrpin 42 >of some of the
" strain incidentto the supporting of the seat sec
_tion.
of course tend to effect unfolding to bed position
illustrated in Fig. '7.
For the purpose of elevating the rearward por
tion of the seat section and the adjacent portion 45
of 'the back rest section from the lowered seat
position illustrated in Fig. 1, to the elevated posi
tion illustrated in Fig. '7, which is substantially in
a horizontal plane with the normal elevation of
the front portion of the seat section, the follow 50
; >The rear hangers 35,735 are ~eachcpnnected to
arrangernent is provided. A link or strut ele
e rear leg 32 by meanscf.. _a Similar-arrangement,
which is best shown in Figs.` >1 and_2. 4,'I‘hese con "ment 58 is pivoted at its upper end as indicated
through an opening 45 in one vofthe depending
at 59 to the hingedbracket 69 of the back rest
section.4 As indicated, the pivot 59 is spaced rear
by another pin and keyhole opening connection
seen that the pivot 59 approaches a position of
nections each include a bar 44 whichrlts s_lidably
55
rear legs32 of the seat; section. The outer end ‘ wardly or downwardly from the hinged pivot 30.
of the bar 44 is connectedthrough, the agency The` lower end ofthe strut 58 is pivoted as indi
of a link 46 to the lower end ofthe hanger 35 and . cated at 6I to the arm 44. When the back rest
the innerendV of the bar is detachably connected A_section yis unfolded to bed position, it will be
60
65
with the lower end of aacorner brace member 41 alignment with the pivots 39 and 6I. In so do
which extends between the upper end of the rear Y ing, the distance between the pivots 35i and 6| is
leg 32 and a longitudinally extending tie bar 48 of course necessarily increased to accommodate
which connectsvthe rear legs 32 at the opposite .the‘combined distances between the pivots 6|
ends of the seat ata distance below the surface
of the seat. YFor purposes which will presently
_ appear, the connectionrbetween thev front end’of
the bar 44 and the link 46,1naybe. readily dis
j engageable by leaving the link46open sufficient]
70
to disengage the link=from1thevba1z
. 1
60
n and 59 and between the pivots 59 and 30.
Thus 65
the rearward portion of the seat section 25 and
adjacent portion of the back rest section is ele
Y vated to bed position illustrated in Fig. 7.
cVlhen the back rest and seat sections are in
-bed position illustrated in Fig. '7, the inner side 70
.portions thereof adjacent the pivot connection
The back rest section 21 is adapted to be un.
folded from collapsed position illustrated inFig. 6 30 therebetween, are supported
to operative position in angular relation' to. the l'zontal bed- position at a greater
seat section, substantially as'illustrated in Fig. 1. y»'to» the lower end of the hanger 35
The back restsection is supported in thefsaid «parts‘are in glider position, by
in their hori
height relative
than when the
means of the 75
2,116,334
strut 58, the bar 44 being swung downwardly
at its outer end on its pivot connection with the
brace 41. The brace 4l and the strutv 58 coop
erate in transmitting the load from theadjacent
portions of the seat and back rest sections to
the bar 44 from which the load is transmitted to
the hanger 35 and to the end frame. The slot
45 in the leg 32, through which slot the bar 44
passes, permits said pivotal movement of the
10 bar
while
thereof.
preventing sidewise
displacement
.
When the seat and back rests are in folded
position as shown in Fig. 1, the weight of the
rear portion of the seat section is transmitted
15 directly to the bar fili by engagement between
the edge of the leg 32 at the upper end of the
slot 45 and said bar, the brace Liii then serving to
prevent upward rocking of the outer end of the
bar 44 about said point of engagement as a ful
20
crum.
-
The pivots 55 and 5l are made a very loose ñt,
so that when the glider structure is to be assem»
bled‘or disassembled, the .link ¿it may be disen
gaged fromthe outer end of the arm 44, the
inner end of the arm ¿it disengaged from the
brace 4l and the arm then drawn outwardly
through the slot 45. In so withdrawing the arm
44, the strut 58 is of course causedto swing
laterally outwardly about its upper pivot 59,
30 substantially as indicated in broken lines in Fig.
2. By thus withdrawing the arm M from the leg
slot 45, it is possible to fold the arm 44 into sub
stantial alignment with the strut 58, and to fold
the arm 44 and strut 5S about the pivot 59 to
35 overlapping position on the back of the back
rest section when in collapsed condition, as il
lustrated in Fig. 6. This arrangement is desir
able for shipping and storing purposes, and it
will be seen that it eliminates an element which
40 projects from the ends of the seat section> and
which would be objectionable in shipment and
storage.
.
.
.
ï3
This member may be in the form of an angle
iron which is turned to the inverted V-shaped
position best shown in Fig. l. The Opposite ends
of the member 68 are provided with apertures
\ and one end of the member is engaged `with a “
pin 69 carried by a bracket 'lli which extends up
wardly from the tie bar I2. The other end of the
stabilizer tit is engaged with a pin ll which ex
tends upwardly from the angle iron cross member
l2 which extends between the front .and rear 10
legs 3i and 32 of the seat section. A reinforcing
angle iron member 'l2 is provided on both ends
of the seat section and a bracket element ’I3 se
cured to the member 'l2 is provided with oppo
sitely inclined upper edges 14 and l5 and an 15
intermediate notch 16. The inclined edges "I4
and ‘i5 and the notch 16 are adapted to cooperate
with a stop member 'il carried by and projecting
inwardly from the upright post I5 on each of
the end frames l0 and ll. When the glider is.; -20
adjusted to bed position, the inclined edges 14
and 'E5 have the effect of engaging the bottom of
the stop member 'lï to guide the seat section to
predetermined position transversely of the main
supporting frame and in that position, the; 25
notches lâ receive the lower portion of the stop
member ‘il’ to lock the seat section against fur
ther swinging movement.
Changes in the described structure may be
made without departing from the spirit of the in-. V30
vention, the scope of which should be deter
mined by reference to the following claims, the
same being construed as broadly as possible con
sistont with the state of the art.
We claim:
.35
l. In a glider of the class described, the coin
bination of hingedly connected seat and back
rest sections which are adjustable from angu
larly related glider position to substantially cc
pianar bed position, an arm extending endwisen
from said seat section andadapted to engage
means for supporting `said seat and back rest
sections, said arm being connected to the seat
section so as to be fixed transverselyofthe sec
The spring fabric of the seat and back rest
sections is shown in this instance as being of
45 wire or link type. It is resiliently supported
tionv and verticaliy adjustable relative thereto,¿within the frames ci the respective sections by and means for effecting upward adjustment of 45
means of hanger springs t2.
the hinged side of the seat section to bed posi
The back rest portion of the spring fabric is tion as an incident to the adjustment of the back
connected to the seat portion thereof by means
rest section to said bed position, said means com50 of special links t3 each of which has arms et
prising a strut pivoted at its ends respectively
.
and 65 extending through the loops te in the to said vertically adjustable
arm and to said back:[150
adjacent edges of the back rest and seat `sec
‘rest section in spaced relation to the axis of the
tion spring fabric portions. The free ends of hinged connection between the seat and back
the arms 54 and t5 are hooked as indicated at
rest sections.
_
55 61 to the adjacent loops Gti so as to prevent dis
2. In a glider of the class described, the com
placement of the links $3. The arms t4 and 65
bination of hingedly connected seat and back"¿55
of the links are freely slidable through the
rest sections which are adjustable from angu
loops 66 in the edge of the other spring fabric llarly related glider position to substantially co
portion.
planar bed position, a main frame for supporting
60
The described connection between the spring said sections, a hanger depending from said sup-1i`
fabrics of the two sections is such that the back porting frame for swingably supporting said seat 60
rest and seat sections may readily be folded as
and back rest sections, an arm extending be
previously explained, the spring fab-ric portions tween said seat section and hanger for con
being readily foldable with the respective sec
necting the same, said arm being connected to
tions. The connections between the respective the seat section so as to be fixed transversely of,
portions of the spring fabric serve to prevent dis
the section but vertically adjustable relative
placement of cushions or bedding between the thereto, means for effecting upward adjustment
respective fabric sections and they serve to unite of the hinged side of the seat section to bed po
the same into a continuous, in eifect, a single bed sition as an vincident to the adjustment of the
spring fabric extending across the entire width back rest sectionto said bed position, said means,
of the combined seat and back rest sections when comprising a strut pivoted at its ends respective
in bed position.
.
`
ly to said vertically adjustable arm and to said
To prevent the .seat and back rest sections back rest section in spaced relation to the axis
from swaying in an endwise direction, there is
of the hinged connection between the seat and
75 provided a stabilizing rod or bar designated 68. » back rest sections, and cooperating means car
75
4
2,116,334
ried by said seat section and supporting frame
for locking the seat sectionV against swinging
movement when said section is elevated to said
bed position.
3. In a glider of the class described, the com
bination of hingedly connected seat and back
rest sections which are adjustable from angularly
related glider position to substantially coplanar
bed position, a main frame for supporting said
10 sections, a hanger depending from said support
ing frame for swingably supporting said seat
and back rest sections, an arm extending be
tween said seat section and hanger for connect
ing the same, said arm being connected to the
15 seat section so as to be ñxed transversely of the
section but vertically adjustable relative thereto,
means for effecting upward adjustment of the
hinged side of the seat section to bed position as
an incident to the adjustment of the back rest
20 section to said bed position, said means compris
ing a strut pivoted at its ends respectively to
said vertically adjustable arm and to said back
rest section in spaced relation to the axis of the
hinged connections between the seat and back
25 rest sections, and cooperating means carried
by said seat section and supporting frame for
locking the seat section against swinging move
ment when said section` is elevated to said bed
position, said cooperating means including a part
30 carried by the main frame and another part car
ried by said seat section, one of said parts hav
ing cam surfaces for acting on the other part to
effect transverse movement of the seat section to
predetermined position transversely of the main
35 frame preliminarily to said locking action.
4. In a glider of the class described, the com
bination of hingedly connected seat and back
rest sections which are adjustable from an angu
larly related glider position to a substantially co
40 planar bed position, means for supporting said
seat and back rest portions for swingable move
ment, means for effecting upward movement of
at least the hinged end of sai-d seat section from
glider position to bed position as an incident to
45 the lowering of said back rest section to bed posi
tion, and means carried by said seat section
which is moved into interlocking engagement with
cooperating means forming a part of said sup
porting means by the upward movement of said
seat section consequent to the lowering of said
50
back rest section, said interlocking means serv
ing to positively lock said seat and back rest sec
tions from swingable movement when said glider
is in bed position.
5. In a glider of the class described, the com
55 bination
of hingedly connected seat and back
rest sections which are adjustable from an angu
larly related glider position to a substantially
co-planar bed position, means for supporting said
60 seat and back rest sections for swingable move
ment, means for effecting upward movement of at
least the hinged end of said seat section from
glider position to bed position as an incident to
the lowering of the back rest section to bed
position, and means carried by said seat Asection
65 which is moved into interlocking engagement
with cooperating means forming a part of the
support for the glider by the upward movement
of said seat section consequent to the lowering
of said back rest section, said interlocking means
70 serving to positively lock said glider from swing
able movement with respect to the supporting
frame therefor when said glider is in bed position
and including a plate member having a generally
V-shaped notch formed therein and a suitable
cooperating member for engaging sai-d notch.
6. In a glider of the class described, a seat sec
tion and a back rest section hingedly connect
ed together so as to permit said back rest section
to be lowered from an upright glider position to
a horizontal bed position, means including a sta
tionary structure for supporting said seat and
said back rest sections for swingable movement
when those sections are in the glider position,~Y
and means actuable by the lowering of said back
rest section to bed position to interlock said
supporting means and said hingedly connected
seat and back rest sections.
'7. In a glider of the class described, a seat sec
tion and a back rest section hingedly connected
together so as to permit said back rest section
to be lowered from an upright glider position
to a horizontal bed position, means actuable
when said back rest section is lowered to glideny
position to raise at least a portion of said seat sec
tion, means for supporting said seat section and
said back rest section for swingable movement,
and means carried by said seat section which is
movable into interlocking engagement with co-'
operating means forming a part of said support
ingl means by the upward movement of said seat
section incident to the lowering oí said back rest
section.
8. In a glider of the class described, a mov V30
able structure including a seat section and a back
rest section hingedly connected together so as
to permit said back rest section to be lowered
from an upright glider position to a horizontal
bed position, «a stationary structure, and means 35
for supporting said movable structure upon said
stationary structure in such manner that said
movable structure is swingably movable relative
thereto when said seat and back rest sections are
in the glider position, said supporting meansf 40
including a lever pivotally supported at one
of its ends upon said movable structure, the other
end of said lever being mechanically connected
to said stationary structure, and means actuable
by they movement of said back rest section when 45
that section is lowered from the glider to the
bed position to move said lever about its pivot and
thereby vary the relative positions of said mov
able structure and said stationary structure.
9. In a glider of the class described, a mov 50
able structure including a seat section and a back
rest section hingedly connected together so as
to permit said back rest section to be lowered
from an upright glider position to a horizontal
bed position, a stationary structure, and means' 55
for supporting said movable structure upon said
stationary structure in such manner that said
movable structure is swingably movable rela
tive thereto, said means including a lever pivot
ally supported at one of its ends upon said sta 60
tionary structure and slidably engaging a slot
formed in said stationary structure intermediate
its ends, the other end of said lever being me
chanically connected to said stationary structure,
and means including a toggle linkage actuable
by the movement of said back rest section when
that section is lowered from the glider to the
bed position to move said lever about its pivot
point and thereby raise one end of said seat sec
tion.
EDWARD E. WOLLER.
DON CARLOS TRAVIS.
MATTHEW F. BAYER.
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