Патент USA US2116334код для вставки
May 3, 1938. E. E. woLLER ET AL ì GLIDER Filed July 5, 1934 2,116,334 ' 4 Sheets-Sheet I24 mm 38 l? @mh/@W4 @a May 3, 1938. E. E. woLLER ET Au, ' ` 2,116,334 GLIDER Filed July 5, 1954 ì . "mill I | 4 SheetS--She‘et> 5 „Mmmm un er» l 5 May 3, 1938. E. E. woLlfER ETlAL \ f 2,116,334 @LIDER Ffiled July 5, 1934 l/K‘ @7 3@ Q4y i H61.29 I ÍHW? ~ se 62 „765 n _TSI2U6l/CiIT":wl' 62 i 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Patented May 3, 1938 2,116,334 oNiTED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,116,334 GLIDÉR I l Edward E. Woller, Don Carlos Travis and Mat thew F. Bayer, Kenosha, Wis., assignors to Simmons Company, New York, N. Y., a cor poration of Delaware Application July 5, 1934, Serial No. 733,748 9 Claims. This invention relates to improvements in the construction of an article of furniture such as commonly called a “glider”, and it has for `its principal objects the provision of an improved construction which may be quickly and easily "collapsed and set up to facilitate shipment and storage when not in use; the provision of such a structure which may be assembled or disassem bled without the use of tools; the provision of a (Cl. 5-126) tie bar or membervIZ. The end members Ill and I I are of substantially like construction and each embodies a base or foot member I3 of angle iron construction, upwardly extending angle iron ’posts I4 and I5 disposed in spaced relation, and a top member ‘ I6 which extends transversely of the posts I4 and I5 and is also formed of angle iron. 'I'he end member parts I3 to I6 vinclusive are suitably secured together in relatively ñxed relation by riveting or otherwise and braces such as indicated at I1 may be provided for strength 1.0 glider having swinging seat and back rest sec tions which are effectively held against endwise swaying by an exceptionally simple device which ening the structure. will not noticeably restrict the desired swinging The end members I0 and II are each provided movement; the provision of an improved and with a bracket I8 welded or riveted thereto in simplified seat and back rest arrangement which ñxed relation and each bracket I8 is pivoted to may be adjusted from normal angular> relation the adjacent end of the tie bar I2 by means of to coplanar bed position; the provision of means a rivet or the like indicated at I9. It will be for effectively locking the seat and back rest sec seen that the end members I0 and II are thus tions against swinging movement when in bed pivotally or foldably connected to the tie member I2 so that they may be folded from normal or “20 position; the provision of automatically actu operative upright position, as shown in Figs. 1, ated leg means for supporting the back rest sec tion when in bed position; and in general, it is 2, 3 and 4, to the collapsed position illustrated in ` Fig. 5. >the object of this invention to provide an im proved glider of the type referred to. For supporting the end members in their up Gther objects and advantages of the invention ` right position, there are provided two, more or will be understood by reference to the following less Y-shaped, braces designated 20, 20. Each speciñcation and accompanying drawings (4 Y-brace 20 includes forked arms 2I and 22 which sheets) in which there is illustrated a glider have their ¿free ends pivoted respectively to the embodying a selected form of the invention. upright posts I4 and I5 of the respective end in the drawings members. The end of the other arm 23 of the Y brace `is provided with a disengageable pin and Fig. '1 is an end elevation; ` Fig. 2 is a rear elevation of the end portion of slot connection with the tie bar I2. The pin and the glider illustrated in Fig. 1;‘ slot connection referred to includes, in this in Fig. 3 is a front elevation; stance, a pin 24 secured to the tie bar I2 and an Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section on the line 4-'4 inverted keyhole opening 25 in the end of the` 01”' Fig. 1; ` said arm 23. The pin 24 is provided with a head Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the main or sup of larger diameter than the shank of. the pin, porting’frame of the glider when in vfolded or the head> of the pin being of such size that it will collapsed condition for shipping or storage pur ñt‘ through the enlarged part of the keyhole open poses; I ing `25 but not through the smaller portion. Fig. 6 is an end elevation of the seat and back Thus the braces 20 `may be engaged with the tie rest sections when in folded or collapsed condi bar I2 by a slight lateral movement of the brace tion for shipping or storage purposes; ‘ Ll., the back rest section being shown turned down f Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8-8 of Fig. '7; v Fig. 9 is a plan of an end portion of the struc tur-e when in bed position; and 0 35 40 relative to the tie bar so a-s to cause the head of Fig. 7 is a section on the line ‘I-l of Figs. 3 and to form a bed; 25 `~ Fig. 10 is a perspective illustrating a detail of construction of the spring fabric of the seat and back rest sections. Referring now to` the drawings, the improved glider embodies a pair of end members IIJ `and “ ` Il which are connected together by means of a the pin 24 to extend through the enlarged part of theV opening 25 and a subsequent swinging movement of the brace about its pivotal connec tions with the posts I4 and I5 of the end member. This engagement of the braces and tie bar is of course accomplished by reverse movement of the parts. It may be observed that the various part-s 50 are `sul’iiciently flexible to permit the necessary amount of lateral movement to engage or dis engage the braces from the pins 24. The seat'and back rest sections 26 and 21 each >include iron border frames which are pivoted, 55 2 2,116,334 operative or upright position and also in further unfolded bed position, as illustrated in Fig. _7, or hinged together through the agency of brack ets 28 and 29 respectively secured to the seat and back rest sections and pivoted together as indi cated at 30. Such hinged connections are pro through the agency of a leg structure which em bodies legs such as indicated at 49 respectively connected to the ends of the back rest section by means of a pivot connection such as indicated at 50. Such legs are connected for rigidity and for simultaneous movement through the agency of a longitudinally extending angle iron bar 5| vided at each end of the seat and back rest sec tions. Front and rear legs 3| and 32 respectively de pend from the border frame of thejseat section in fixed relation thereto and these legs are con nected by means of transversely extending angle.; ,which is offset rearwardly intermediate its ends 10 iron members such as indicated at 12. Corner so as to avoid interference with the yielding bed braces such as indicated at 33 may be provided-V vspring fabric carried by the back rest frame, as for further reinforcing the structure.vv _Y Y* j ¿ ` j Awill presently be described. The lower end of each leg 49 is connected by means of a strut 52 tions in the main supportingframe, there arev to a normally fixed pivot designated 53. The 15 provided front and rear hangers 34 and 35 which -pivot 53 comprises a headed pin carried by the depend from the front and rear, ends respectively lower end of the link 52, the said pin being of the top cross members I6 of the respective end ' adapted to fit in a slot 54 provided in a bracket 55 which is secured to and extends rearwardly from members. The hangers 34 and 35 may be con the adjacent rear legs 32 of the seat section. A 20 20 nected to the top member I6 in any.y suitable Swingably mounting the `-seat and back rest sec manner, for example, by means of links such'as indicated at 36. ' ' " " ,_ ' ' 5 The front hangers 34’ are connected to the _front portion of the seat section 26‘ through the agency ' hookelement 56 pivoted at one end to the bracket 55,"is provided for also engaging the headed pin to lock the same in the slot 54, as will be readily lunderstood by inspection of Fig. 1. The upper -end of the strut 52 is pivoted to the lowerI end 25 of bars 31, 431 whichfhave' -'their -outer 'ends ‘anchored tothe lower vends" of the hangers34 ‘ portion, of the leg 49, as indicated at 51. It will be seen that when the back rest section 21 is in the position illustrated in Fig. l, the strut 52 and `leg 49 will support the back rest section because the leg rests against the inwardly pro 30 jecting front flange of the back rest frame and The inner end portions of the bars _31, 31 are the pivot 51 is in an over-the-center position with adapted to be positioned in slots such as> indicated -respect to the pivots 50 and 53. To eifect unfold at 4I (Fig. 6) in the lower ends of the kfront legs 3l `ing of the back rest section to bed position, it is of the seat section, the keyhole openings 4U of the >necessary to swing the back rest section slightly 35 said bars being adapted to engage headedpins y"forwardly on its pivot connection 30 with the seat through the agency'of links such as 'indicated 4at 38, 38. Intermediate theirfle‘ngths, the bars 31 are provided with transversely extending stop pins 39 and at their inner ends', the bars 31 have inverted keyhole openings designated 40. ‘section so as to permit the legs 49 and struts 52 designated 42 carried by corner braces 43 ex tending between the >'front legs 37| and the border __tofbe swung rearwardly about their respective frame of the seat section. The pin and -slot con ' pivots 50 and 53. As soon as the over-the-center nections 40, 42 are similary to the pin and slot relationship illustrated in Fig. 1 is overcome and 40 connections 24, 25 >previously described and are reversed, the weight of the back rest section will 40 engageable and disengageable in the same man ner. The stop pins 39 serve to facilitate engage ment of the pin and slot connections 40, 42 by properly positioning the bar 31 with respect to the leg 3| and corner brace 43- and the said stop 45 pin also relieves the headedrpin 42 >of some of the " strain incidentto the supporting of the seat sec _tion. of course tend to effect unfolding to bed position illustrated in Fig. '7. For the purpose of elevating the rearward por tion of the seat section and the adjacent portion 45 of 'the back rest section from the lowered seat position illustrated in Fig. 1, to the elevated posi tion illustrated in Fig. '7, which is substantially in a horizontal plane with the normal elevation of the front portion of the seat section, the follow 50 ; >The rear hangers 35,735 are ~eachcpnnected to arrangernent is provided. A link or strut ele e rear leg 32 by meanscf.. _a Similar-arrangement, which is best shown in Figs.` >1 and_2. 4,'I‘hese con "ment 58 is pivoted at its upper end as indicated through an opening 45 in one vofthe depending at 59 to the hingedbracket 69 of the back rest section.4 As indicated, the pivot 59 is spaced rear by another pin and keyhole opening connection seen that the pivot 59 approaches a position of nections each include a bar 44 whichrlts s_lidably 55 rear legs32 of the seat; section. The outer end ‘ wardly or downwardly from the hinged pivot 30. of the bar 44 is connectedthrough, the agency The` lower end ofthe strut 58 is pivoted as indi of a link 46 to the lower end ofthe hanger 35 and . cated at 6I to the arm 44. When the back rest the innerendV of the bar is detachably connected A_section yis unfolded to bed position, it will be 60 65 with the lower end of aacorner brace member 41 alignment with the pivots 39 and 6I. In so do which extends between the upper end of the rear Y ing, the distance between the pivots 35i and 6| is leg 32 and a longitudinally extending tie bar 48 of course necessarily increased to accommodate which connectsvthe rear legs 32 at the opposite .the‘combined distances between the pivots 6| ends of the seat ata distance below the surface of the seat. YFor purposes which will presently _ appear, the connectionrbetween thev front end’of the bar 44 and the link 46,1naybe. readily dis j engageable by leaving the link46open sufficient] 70 to disengage the link=from1thevba1z . 1 60 n and 59 and between the pivots 59 and 30. Thus 65 the rearward portion of the seat section 25 and adjacent portion of the back rest section is ele Y vated to bed position illustrated in Fig. 7. cVlhen the back rest and seat sections are in -bed position illustrated in Fig. '7, the inner side 70 .portions thereof adjacent the pivot connection The back rest section 21 is adapted to be un. folded from collapsed position illustrated inFig. 6 30 therebetween, are supported to operative position in angular relation' to. the l'zontal bed- position at a greater seat section, substantially as'illustrated in Fig. 1. y»'to» the lower end of the hanger 35 The back restsection is supported in thefsaid «parts‘are in glider position, by in their hori height relative than when the means of the 75 2,116,334 strut 58, the bar 44 being swung downwardly at its outer end on its pivot connection with the brace 41. The brace 4l and the strutv 58 coop erate in transmitting the load from theadjacent portions of the seat and back rest sections to the bar 44 from which the load is transmitted to the hanger 35 and to the end frame. The slot 45 in the leg 32, through which slot the bar 44 passes, permits said pivotal movement of the 10 bar while thereof. preventing sidewise displacement . When the seat and back rests are in folded position as shown in Fig. 1, the weight of the rear portion of the seat section is transmitted 15 directly to the bar fili by engagement between the edge of the leg 32 at the upper end of the slot 45 and said bar, the brace Liii then serving to prevent upward rocking of the outer end of the bar 44 about said point of engagement as a ful 20 crum. - The pivots 55 and 5l are made a very loose ñt, so that when the glider structure is to be assem» bled‘or disassembled, the .link ¿it may be disen gaged fromthe outer end of the arm 44, the inner end of the arm ¿it disengaged from the brace 4l and the arm then drawn outwardly through the slot 45. In so withdrawing the arm 44, the strut 58 is of course causedto swing laterally outwardly about its upper pivot 59, 30 substantially as indicated in broken lines in Fig. 2. By thus withdrawing the arm M from the leg slot 45, it is possible to fold the arm 44 into sub stantial alignment with the strut 58, and to fold the arm 44 and strut 5S about the pivot 59 to 35 overlapping position on the back of the back rest section when in collapsed condition, as il lustrated in Fig. 6. This arrangement is desir able for shipping and storing purposes, and it will be seen that it eliminates an element which 40 projects from the ends of the seat section> and which would be objectionable in shipment and storage. . . . ï3 This member may be in the form of an angle iron which is turned to the inverted V-shaped position best shown in Fig. l. The Opposite ends of the member 68 are provided with apertures \ and one end of the member is engaged `with a “ pin 69 carried by a bracket 'lli which extends up wardly from the tie bar I2. The other end of the stabilizer tit is engaged with a pin ll which ex tends upwardly from the angle iron cross member l2 which extends between the front .and rear 10 legs 3i and 32 of the seat section. A reinforcing angle iron member 'l2 is provided on both ends of the seat section and a bracket element ’I3 se cured to the member 'l2 is provided with oppo sitely inclined upper edges 14 and l5 and an 15 intermediate notch 16. The inclined edges "I4 and ‘i5 and the notch 16 are adapted to cooperate with a stop member 'il carried by and projecting inwardly from the upright post I5 on each of the end frames l0 and ll. When the glider is.; -20 adjusted to bed position, the inclined edges 14 and 'E5 have the effect of engaging the bottom of the stop member 'lï to guide the seat section to predetermined position transversely of the main supporting frame and in that position, the; 25 notches lâ receive the lower portion of the stop member ‘il’ to lock the seat section against fur ther swinging movement. Changes in the described structure may be made without departing from the spirit of the in-. V30 vention, the scope of which should be deter mined by reference to the following claims, the same being construed as broadly as possible con sistont with the state of the art. We claim: .35 l. In a glider of the class described, the coin bination of hingedly connected seat and back rest sections which are adjustable from angu larly related glider position to substantially cc pianar bed position, an arm extending endwisen from said seat section andadapted to engage means for supporting `said seat and back rest sections, said arm being connected to the seat section so as to be fixed transverselyofthe sec The spring fabric of the seat and back rest sections is shown in this instance as being of 45 wire or link type. It is resiliently supported tionv and verticaliy adjustable relative thereto,¿within the frames ci the respective sections by and means for effecting upward adjustment of 45 means of hanger springs t2. the hinged side of the seat section to bed posi The back rest portion of the spring fabric is tion as an incident to the adjustment of the back connected to the seat portion thereof by means rest section to said bed position, said means com50 of special links t3 each of which has arms et prising a strut pivoted at its ends respectively . and 65 extending through the loops te in the to said vertically adjustable arm and to said back:[150 adjacent edges of the back rest and seat `sec ‘rest section in spaced relation to the axis of the tion spring fabric portions. The free ends of hinged connection between the seat and back the arms 54 and t5 are hooked as indicated at rest sections. _ 55 61 to the adjacent loops Gti so as to prevent dis 2. In a glider of the class described, the com placement of the links $3. The arms t4 and 65 bination of hingedly connected seat and back"¿55 of the links are freely slidable through the rest sections which are adjustable from angu loops 66 in the edge of the other spring fabric llarly related glider position to substantially co portion. planar bed position, a main frame for supporting 60 The described connection between the spring said sections, a hanger depending from said sup-1i` fabrics of the two sections is such that the back porting frame for swingably supporting said seat 60 rest and seat sections may readily be folded as and back rest sections, an arm extending be previously explained, the spring fab-ric portions tween said seat section and hanger for con being readily foldable with the respective sec necting the same, said arm being connected to tions. The connections between the respective the seat section so as to be fixed transversely of, portions of the spring fabric serve to prevent dis the section but vertically adjustable relative placement of cushions or bedding between the thereto, means for effecting upward adjustment respective fabric sections and they serve to unite of the hinged side of the seat section to bed po the same into a continuous, in eifect, a single bed sition as an vincident to the adjustment of the spring fabric extending across the entire width back rest sectionto said bed position, said means, of the combined seat and back rest sections when comprising a strut pivoted at its ends respective in bed position. . ` ly to said vertically adjustable arm and to said To prevent the .seat and back rest sections back rest section in spaced relation to the axis from swaying in an endwise direction, there is of the hinged connection between the seat and 75 provided a stabilizing rod or bar designated 68. » back rest sections, and cooperating means car 75 4 2,116,334 ried by said seat section and supporting frame for locking the seat sectionV against swinging movement when said section is elevated to said bed position. 3. In a glider of the class described, the com bination of hingedly connected seat and back rest sections which are adjustable from angularly related glider position to substantially coplanar bed position, a main frame for supporting said 10 sections, a hanger depending from said support ing frame for swingably supporting said seat and back rest sections, an arm extending be tween said seat section and hanger for connect ing the same, said arm being connected to the 15 seat section so as to be ñxed transversely of the section but vertically adjustable relative thereto, means for effecting upward adjustment of the hinged side of the seat section to bed position as an incident to the adjustment of the back rest 20 section to said bed position, said means compris ing a strut pivoted at its ends respectively to said vertically adjustable arm and to said back rest section in spaced relation to the axis of the hinged connections between the seat and back 25 rest sections, and cooperating means carried by said seat section and supporting frame for locking the seat section against swinging move ment when said section` is elevated to said bed position, said cooperating means including a part 30 carried by the main frame and another part car ried by said seat section, one of said parts hav ing cam surfaces for acting on the other part to effect transverse movement of the seat section to predetermined position transversely of the main 35 frame preliminarily to said locking action. 4. In a glider of the class described, the com bination of hingedly connected seat and back rest sections which are adjustable from an angu larly related glider position to a substantially co 40 planar bed position, means for supporting said seat and back rest portions for swingable move ment, means for effecting upward movement of at least the hinged end of sai-d seat section from glider position to bed position as an incident to 45 the lowering of said back rest section to bed posi tion, and means carried by said seat section which is moved into interlocking engagement with cooperating means forming a part of said sup porting means by the upward movement of said seat section consequent to the lowering of said 50 back rest section, said interlocking means serv ing to positively lock said seat and back rest sec tions from swingable movement when said glider is in bed position. 5. In a glider of the class described, the com 55 bination of hingedly connected seat and back rest sections which are adjustable from an angu larly related glider position to a substantially co-planar bed position, means for supporting said 60 seat and back rest sections for swingable move ment, means for effecting upward movement of at least the hinged end of said seat section from glider position to bed position as an incident to the lowering of the back rest section to bed position, and means carried by said seat Asection 65 which is moved into interlocking engagement with cooperating means forming a part of the support for the glider by the upward movement of said seat section consequent to the lowering of said back rest section, said interlocking means 70 serving to positively lock said glider from swing able movement with respect to the supporting frame therefor when said glider is in bed position and including a plate member having a generally V-shaped notch formed therein and a suitable cooperating member for engaging sai-d notch. 6. In a glider of the class described, a seat sec tion and a back rest section hingedly connect ed together so as to permit said back rest section to be lowered from an upright glider position to a horizontal bed position, means including a sta tionary structure for supporting said seat and said back rest sections for swingable movement when those sections are in the glider position,~Y and means actuable by the lowering of said back rest section to bed position to interlock said supporting means and said hingedly connected seat and back rest sections. '7. In a glider of the class described, a seat sec tion and a back rest section hingedly connected together so as to permit said back rest section to be lowered from an upright glider position to a horizontal bed position, means actuable when said back rest section is lowered to glideny position to raise at least a portion of said seat sec tion, means for supporting said seat section and said back rest section for swingable movement, and means carried by said seat section which is movable into interlocking engagement with co-' operating means forming a part of said support ingl means by the upward movement of said seat section incident to the lowering oí said back rest section. 8. In a glider of the class described, a mov V30 able structure including a seat section and a back rest section hingedly connected together so as to permit said back rest section to be lowered from an upright glider position to a horizontal bed position, «a stationary structure, and means 35 for supporting said movable structure upon said stationary structure in such manner that said movable structure is swingably movable relative thereto when said seat and back rest sections are in the glider position, said supporting meansf 40 including a lever pivotally supported at one of its ends upon said movable structure, the other end of said lever being mechanically connected to said stationary structure, and means actuable by they movement of said back rest section when 45 that section is lowered from the glider to the bed position to move said lever about its pivot and thereby vary the relative positions of said mov able structure and said stationary structure. 9. In a glider of the class described, a mov 50 able structure including a seat section and a back rest section hingedly connected together so as to permit said back rest section to be lowered from an upright glider position to a horizontal bed position, a stationary structure, and means' 55 for supporting said movable structure upon said stationary structure in such manner that said movable structure is swingably movable rela tive thereto, said means including a lever pivot ally supported at one of its ends upon said sta 60 tionary structure and slidably engaging a slot formed in said stationary structure intermediate its ends, the other end of said lever being me chanically connected to said stationary structure, and means including a toggle linkage actuable by the movement of said back rest section when that section is lowered from the glider to the bed position to move said lever about its pivot point and thereby raise one end of said seat sec tion. EDWARD E. WOLLER. DON CARLOS TRAVIS. MATTHEW F. BAYER.