Патент USA US2116336код для вставки
May 3, 1938. P. F. BOEYE 2,1 16,336 BOX Filed July 22, 1936 PAUL F BOEYE 2,116,336 Patented May 3, 1938 UNITED STATES, PATENT OFFICE. 2,116,336 / Box Paul F. Boeye, St. Paul, Minn, assignor to Wal ' dorf Paper Products Company, St. Paul, Minn, a corporation of Minnesota ' Application July 22, 1936, Serial No. 91,903 7 p‘laims. My invention relates to boxes and has for an ing an embodiment of my invention. and substantial in construction and which can be Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View of a‘por tion of the box shown in Fig. 1, with the cover flaps in closing position and drawn to a somewhat larger scale. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional Another object of the invention resides in pro viding a box having a cover adapted to be fre quently opened and reclosed. A still further object of the invention resides in providing a box capable of sustaining appreciable . view taken on line 3—3 of Fig. 2. ‘ at the center of the box when in a closed posi My invention as best shown in Fig. 1 is con structed from ?bre board or any suitable material 10 and is formed from a body blank A and two end blanks B. These blanks being of ordinary con struction have not been shown in their developed tion. form although their construction will be readily 10 weight applied upon the cover thereof. An object of the invention resides in construct ing the cover with two ?aps adapted to be joined > ‘ A feature of the invention resides in the con struction by means of which the two ?aps of the ‘ cover are held together. Another object of the invention resides in pro . viding locking means for holding the adjacent w portions of the ?aps in proper relation with re spect to one another. A still further object of the invention resides in hinglng the cover ?aps to two of the opposite walls oi’ the box and in attaching cleats to the 35 intermediate walls adapted to support the cover ps. ‘ Another object of the invention resides in con structing said cleats with locking means for bold ing the cover ?aps in closing position. A feature of the invention resides in construct ing the cover ?aps at their meeting edges with ?anges and in providing seats on said cleats upon which the free edges of said ?anges rest. Another object of the invention resides in con structing said cleats with notches extending com pletely through the same and in which the cor ners of they ?anges are received. A speci?c _feature of the invention resides in constructing said notches in a manner to prevent unintentional disengagement of the ?anges from said notches. ‘ Another object of the invention resides in con structing the walls having the cleats with hand holes and in arranging said cleats at the upper most edges of said hand holes to provide grips . by means of which the box may be readily moved about. . apparent from the drawing. The blank A consists of a single sheet of ?bre board of a width substantially equal to the length of the box, which is scored transversely along spaced lines, ii, i2, i3, M, i5, i6, H, and I8. By means of the various score lines the blank is di vided into a bottom 2 i, two side walls 22 and 23 and two cover ?aps 24 and 25. The score lines ii, l2, ii, and [18 form two doubled-over flanges _ 2B and 217, ?ange 26 having two overlying sections 23 and 29 and the ?ange 21 having two overlying 25 sections it and 32., The blanks B are both constructed identically and are provided with body portions 33 which form the end walls 34 and 35 of the box and with ?anges 36 extending inwardly therefrom. These 30 ?anges are notched at the corners to permit a folding as shown in Fig. 1 and end walls 34 and 35 are secured to the side walls 22 and 23 and the bottom 2| by means of staples 3'! which ex tend jointly through the walls of the blank A and through the ?anges 36. The two ?anges 26 and 21 are constructed by stitching the sections 28 and 29 together and the sections 3| and 32 together, by means of staples 38 and 39 which are disposed inwardly of the ends of said ?anges to permit the corners 4| of said ?anges to spring outwardly as shown in Fig. 2. ' The flaps 24 and 25 are of such Width that the two flanges 26 and‘ 21 meet one another when folded together as shown in Fig. 2. ing the notches in said cleats with diverging walls. Other objects of'the'invention‘reside in the ‘ novel combination and arrangement of parts and ' V 45 For supporting the ?aps 24 and 25 along the‘ walls 34 and 35, two cleats 42 and- 43 are em ployed. l A feature of the invention resides in construct to Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the box illustrat object to provide-a box which is extremely rigid repeatedly shipped and handled. M (01. 229-44) These cleats are constructed of wood and are secured to the end walls 34 and 35 by ‘ means of staples or nails 64. Inasmuch as both " 50 of the cleats A2 and 43 are identical in construc tion and operate in the same manner, only‘ the l " - . in the details of construction hereinafter illus cleat 42 will be described. This cleat is shown in trated and/or described. detail in Fig. 2 and isconstructed with a'sl'ot 45 " ‘ ' disposed medially of’ theend thereof. This .slot' . In ‘the drawing: » ' ‘ - ' 55 ‘ 2 2,116,386 extends through the upper edge 46 of said cleat and terminates short of the lower edge 41 of said cleat to form a seat 48. The walls 5| and 52 of said slot are arranged to diverge with respect to one another and give the slot a dovetailed cross-4 section. The upper edges 46 of the cleats 42 and 43 are’ arranged at the uppermost edges of the walls 34 and 35 of the box and form supports for the ?aps 10 24 and 25. The slots 45 are of such depth that the free edges 49 of the ?anges 26 and 21 rest upon the seats 45 when the parts are in closed posi tion as shown in Fig. 2. This assists in preventing shearing of the ?aps along the edges of the cleats ll 42 and‘ 43 when pressure is applied to the cover proper. ple support is provided for the cover of the in vention so that ?lled boxes may be piled one upon the other without danger of crushing. By means of the particular construction of the notches with which the sections of the cover ?aps cooperate, the ?anges are securely locked in position and the cover held properly closed. A box construct ed in accord with my invention can be manufac tured at very little additional cost over and above thegcost of similar types of boxes. as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is: As will be noted in Fig. 2, the'free edges 53 of 1. A box open at the top comprising side and ' the sections 29 and 3| normally spring outwardly. These edges engage the walls 5| and 52 of the end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a slots 45 and hold the ?aps 24 and 25 in position. At the same time the edges 49 of the ?anges 25 and 21 engage the seat 48 and assist in supporting the ?anges 24 and 25. 10 Changes in the speci?c form of my invention as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention. Having described my invention, what I claim 15 ‘ ~ cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged to two opposite walls of the box and extending 20 substantially in a common plane when in closing position to effect a closure for the box, cleats se cured to the other walls of the box, said cleats having openings therein formed with diverging To assist in carrying the box two hand holes 55 and 56 are provided which are disposed in the end walls 34 and 35. These hand holes are dis posed so that the upper edges 55 thereof lie ?ush with the lower edges 41 of the cleats 42 and 43. The lower edges of these cleats, hence form in conjunction with the holes 55 and 56 grips which may be readily engaged by the ?ngers of the user, thus, when the box is being carried the load is supported by the cleats 42 and 43 and the box is lifted bythe most rigid portions of the same. end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged Where the box is to be used for beer bottles to two opposite walls of the box and extending walls and ?anges issuing from said cover ?aps and extending into said openings, said ?anges " being constructed with doubled-over sections one of said sections of each ?ange having a free edge normally swinging away from the complemental section and engaging one of said diverging walls to hold the cover ?aps in closing position. 2. A box open at the top comprising side and or similar purposes a ?ller such as indicated substantially in a common plane when in closing ‘ in its entirety by the reference numeral 51 may be employed. This ?ller consists of a» number position to effect a closure for the box, cleats se cured to the other Walls of the box said cleats of longitudinal dividers 58 and a number of trans verse dividers 59 which are locked together in the customary manner. The intermediate cli having openings therein formed with diverging vider 59 is preferably constructed of full height ' and is formed with a notch 5i similar to the notch 45 of cleats 42 and 43 whereby the inter mediate portions of the ?anges 26 and 21 are held in position in identically the same manner as the ends thereof. The other divider may be con structed considerably shorter if desired. To facilitate the opening of the cover, two ?n ger holes 62 and 52 are employed which are formed in the two ?aps 24 and 25 near the ?anges walls and members on said cover ?aps received within said openings‘ and yieldingly urged toward said diverging walls to hold the cover ?aps in closed position. 3. A box open at the top comprising side and end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a. cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged ~ to two opposite walls of the box and extending substantially in a common plane when in closing position to effect a closure for the box, cleats secured to the other walls of the box said cleats 60 having dovetailed slots therein and means on said ' 26 and 21. When the cover ?aps are to be raised cover ?aps for engagement with the walls of said the fore?nger may be inserted in said holes and slots to hold the cover ?aps in closed position. ,7 engaged beneath the ?anges 26 and 21. Suitable 4. A box open at the top comprising side and pressure may be thus applied to withdraw the - end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a said ?anges from the various notches in which .cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged' they are lodged. . totwo opposite walls of the box and extending sub In my invention the cleats utilized serve sev stantially in a common plane when in closing posi eral purposes. These cleats ?rst reinforce the tion to effect a closure for the box, cleats secured upper edges oi the end walls of the box which to the other walls of the box and having their‘ have no other wall structure attached, to the upper edges substantially in said plane for sup- ‘ same. Secondly these cleats provide locking porting said cover ?aps, said cleats having dove means for securing the cover flaps together. In tailed slots therein extending through the upper addition thereto the said cleats‘ support the cover most edge of the cleat and falling short of the ?aps throughout the free lateral. edges thereof lowermost edge thereof to form seats, said end .65 as well as through the ?anges depending there walls having hand holes therein disposed with' ‘ from. The cleats of my invention also form in the upper edges thereof, at the lower edges of conjunction with suitable holes in the end walls said cleats ?anges on said cover ?aps said ?anges grips by means of which the box may be readily being formed with doubled-over sections ar 70 carried. My invention provides an extremely neat ranged to be received within said slots the outer and rigid construction and may be repeatedly most of said sections being yieldingly urged used for the shipment of beer bottles and similar against the walls of said slotsto hold the clo articles or commodities. 'In my invention access sure ?aps in closed position. ' to the interior of the box can be readily had and 5. A box open at the top comprising‘ side and the cover repeatedly opened and reclosed. Am end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a I g cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged to two opposite walls of the box and extending substantially in a common plane when in closing position to effect a closure for the box, cleats se— cured to the ‘other walls of the box upon the in terior thereof and having their upper edges sub stantially in said plane for supporting said cover ?aps, said cleats having notches therein falling short of the lower edges thereof to form seats, 10 said walls covering said notches, and ?anges issuing downwardly from said cover ?aps, said ?anges being received within said notches and resting upon said seats, the _ends of said flanges being adapted to engage the walls to which the is cleats are attached. 6. A. box open at the top comprising side and end walls and. a bottom connected therewith, a cover for the box comprising cover flaps hinged to two opposite ‘walls of the box and extending 20 substantially in a common plane when in closing position to eifect a. closure for the box, cleats secured to the other walls of the box upon the interior thereof and having their upper edges substantially in said plane for supporting said cover ?aps, said cleats having notches therein, extending completely through said cleats from side to side and falling short of the lower edge thereoi, said walls to which the cleats are at tached extending across and covering said notches, and ?anges issuing downwardly from said cover ?aps, said ?anges being received with in said notches, the ends of said flanges when dis posed within said notches being covered by the walls to which said cleats are attached. '7. A box open at the top comprising side and end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a cover for the box hinged to one of the walls, cleats secured to the two adjacent walls of the box at the upper edge thereof, said cleats having shoulders extending downwardly from the upper edges of the cleats and forming acute angles 15 therewith, a ?ange issuing from said cover and adapted to be positioned adjacent said shoulder, said ?ange being constructed with two sections, one of said sections being doubled back upon the other section and having a free edge normally 20 swinging away from the complemental section and engaging said shoulder, and means for en gaging the other section to maintain ,said free edge in engagement with said shoulder. PAUL F. BOEYE.