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Патент USA US2116336

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May 3, 1938.
P. F. BOEYE
2,1 16,336
BOX
Filed July 22, 1936
PAUL F BOEYE
2,116,336
Patented May 3, 1938
UNITED STATES,
PATENT OFFICE.
2,116,336
/
Box
Paul F. Boeye, St. Paul, Minn, assignor to Wal
'
dorf Paper Products Company, St. Paul, Minn,
a corporation of Minnesota
'
Application July 22, 1936, Serial No. 91,903
7 p‘laims.
My invention relates to boxes and has for an
ing an embodiment of my invention.
and substantial in construction and which can be
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View of a‘por
tion of the box shown in Fig. 1, with the cover
flaps in closing position and drawn to a somewhat
larger scale.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional
Another object of the invention resides in pro
viding a box having a cover adapted to be fre
quently opened and reclosed.
A still further object of the invention resides in
providing a box capable of sustaining appreciable
.
view taken on line 3—3 of Fig. 2.
‘
at the center of the box when in a closed posi
My invention as best shown in Fig. 1 is con
structed from ?bre board or any suitable material 10
and is formed from a body blank A and two end
blanks B. These blanks being of ordinary con
struction have not been shown in their developed
tion.
form although their construction will be readily
10 weight applied upon the cover thereof.
An object of the invention resides in construct
ing the cover with two ?aps adapted to be joined
>
‘
A feature of the invention resides in the con
struction by means of which the two ?aps of the
‘ cover are held together.
Another object of the invention resides in pro
. viding locking means for holding the adjacent
w portions of the ?aps in proper relation with re
spect to one another.
A still further object of the invention resides
in hinglng the cover ?aps to two of the opposite
walls oi’ the box and in attaching cleats to the
35 intermediate walls adapted to support the cover
ps.
‘
Another object of the invention resides in con
structing said cleats with locking means for bold
ing the cover ?aps in closing position.
A feature of the invention resides in construct
ing the cover ?aps at their meeting edges with
?anges and in providing seats on said cleats upon
which the free edges of said ?anges rest.
Another object of the invention resides in con
structing said cleats with notches extending com
pletely through the same and in which the cor
ners of they ?anges are received.
A speci?c _feature of the invention resides in
constructing said notches in a manner to prevent
unintentional disengagement of the ?anges from
said notches.
‘
Another object of the invention resides in con
structing the walls having the cleats with hand
holes and in arranging said cleats at the upper
most edges of said hand holes to provide grips
. by means of which the box may be readily moved
about.
.
apparent from the drawing.
The blank A consists of a single sheet of ?bre
board of a width substantially equal to the length
of the box, which is scored transversely along
spaced lines, ii, i2, i3, M, i5, i6, H, and I8. By
means of the various score lines the blank is di
vided into a bottom 2 i, two side walls 22 and 23
and two cover ?aps 24 and 25. The score lines
ii, l2, ii, and [18 form two doubled-over flanges _
2B and 217, ?ange 26 having two overlying sections
23 and 29 and the ?ange 21 having two overlying 25
sections it and 32.,
The blanks B are both constructed identically
and are provided with body portions 33 which
form the end walls 34 and 35 of the box and with
?anges 36 extending inwardly therefrom. These 30
?anges are notched at the corners to permit a
folding as shown in Fig. 1 and end walls 34 and
35 are secured to the side walls 22 and 23 and
the bottom 2| by means of staples 3'! which ex
tend jointly through the walls of the blank A
and through the ?anges 36.
The two ?anges 26 and 21 are constructed by
stitching the sections 28 and 29 together and the
sections 3| and 32 together, by means of staples
38 and 39 which are disposed inwardly of the
ends of said ?anges to permit the corners 4| of
said ?anges to spring outwardly as shown in Fig.
2. ' The flaps 24 and 25 are of such Width that
the two flanges 26 and‘ 21 meet one another when
folded together as shown in Fig. 2.
ing the notches in said cleats with diverging walls.
Other objects of'the'invention‘reside in the
‘ novel combination and arrangement of parts and
'
V
45
For supporting the ?aps 24 and 25 along the‘
walls 34 and 35, two cleats 42 and- 43 are em
ployed.
l
A feature of the invention resides in construct
to
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the box illustrat
object to provide-a box which is extremely rigid
repeatedly shipped and handled.
M
(01. 229-44)
These cleats are constructed of wood
and are secured to the end walls 34 and 35 by ‘
means of staples or nails 64. Inasmuch as both " 50
of the cleats A2 and 43 are identical in construc
tion and operate in the same manner, only‘ the l " - .
in the details of construction hereinafter illus
cleat 42 will be described. This cleat is shown in
trated and/or described.
detail in Fig. 2 and isconstructed with a'sl'ot 45 " ‘
'
disposed medially of’ theend thereof. This .slot'
.
In ‘the drawing:
»
'
‘
-
'
55 ‘
2
2,116,386
extends through the upper edge 46 of said cleat
and terminates short of the lower edge 41 of said
cleat to form a seat 48. The walls 5| and 52 of
said slot are arranged to diverge with respect to
one another and give the slot a dovetailed cross-4
section.
The upper edges 46 of the cleats 42 and 43 are’
arranged at the uppermost edges of the walls 34
and 35 of the box and form supports for the ?aps
10 24 and 25. The slots 45 are of such depth that the
free edges 49 of the ?anges 26 and 21 rest upon
the seats 45 when the parts are in closed posi
tion as shown in Fig. 2. This assists in preventing
shearing of the ?aps along the edges of the cleats
ll 42 and‘ 43 when pressure is applied to the cover
proper.
ple support is provided for the cover of the in
vention so that ?lled boxes may be piled one upon
the other without danger of crushing. By means
of the particular construction of the notches with
which the sections of the cover ?aps cooperate,
the ?anges are securely locked in position and
the cover held properly closed. A box construct
ed in accord with my invention can be manufac
tured at very little additional cost over and above
thegcost of similar types of boxes.
as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
As will be noted in Fig. 2, the'free edges 53 of
1. A box open at the top comprising side and
' the sections 29 and 3| normally spring outwardly.
These edges engage the walls 5| and 52 of the
end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a
slots 45 and hold the ?aps 24 and 25 in position.
At the same time the edges 49 of the ?anges 25
and 21 engage the seat 48 and assist in supporting
the ?anges 24 and 25.
10
Changes in the speci?c form of my invention
as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope
of what is claimed without departing from the
spirit of my invention.
Having described my invention, what I claim 15
‘
~
cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged
to two opposite walls of the box and extending 20
substantially in a common plane when in closing
position to effect a closure for the box, cleats se
cured to the other walls of the box, said cleats
having openings therein formed with diverging
To assist in carrying the box two hand holes
55 and 56 are provided which are disposed in the
end walls 34 and 35. These hand holes are dis
posed so that the upper edges 55 thereof lie ?ush
with the lower edges 41 of the cleats 42 and 43.
The lower edges of these cleats, hence form in
conjunction with the holes 55 and 56 grips which
may be readily engaged by the ?ngers of the user,
thus, when the box is being carried the load is
supported by the cleats 42 and 43 and the box
is lifted bythe most rigid portions of the same.
end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a
cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged
Where the box is to be used for beer bottles
to two opposite walls of the box and extending
walls and ?anges issuing from said cover ?aps
and extending into said openings, said ?anges "
being constructed with doubled-over sections one
of said sections of each ?ange having a free edge
normally swinging away from the complemental
section and engaging one of said diverging walls
to hold the cover ?aps in closing position.
2. A box open at the top comprising side and
or similar purposes a ?ller such as indicated
substantially in a common plane when in closing ‘
in its entirety by the reference numeral 51 may
be employed. This ?ller consists of a» number
position to effect a closure for the box, cleats se
cured to the other Walls of the box said cleats
of longitudinal dividers 58 and a number of trans
verse dividers 59 which are locked together in
the customary manner. The intermediate cli
having openings therein formed with diverging
vider 59 is preferably constructed of full height
' and is formed with a notch 5i similar to the
notch 45 of cleats 42 and 43 whereby the inter
mediate portions of the ?anges 26 and 21 are
held in position in identically the same manner as
the ends thereof. The other divider may be con
structed considerably shorter if desired.
To facilitate the opening of the cover, two ?n
ger holes 62 and 52 are employed which are
formed in the two ?aps 24 and 25 near the ?anges
walls and members on said cover ?aps received
within said openings‘ and yieldingly urged toward
said diverging walls to hold the cover ?aps in
closed position.
3. A box open at the top comprising side and
end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a.
cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged ~
to two opposite walls of the box and extending
substantially in a common plane when in closing
position to effect a closure for the box, cleats
secured to the other walls of the box said cleats 60
having dovetailed slots therein and means on said '
26 and 21. When the cover ?aps are to be raised
cover ?aps for engagement with the walls of said
the fore?nger may be inserted in said holes and slots to hold the cover ?aps in closed position. ,7
engaged beneath the ?anges 26 and 21. Suitable
4. A box open at the top comprising side and
pressure may be thus applied to withdraw the - end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a
said ?anges from the various notches in which .cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged'
they are lodged.
.
totwo opposite walls of the box and extending sub
In my invention the cleats utilized serve sev
stantially in a common plane when in closing posi
eral purposes. These cleats ?rst reinforce the tion to effect a closure for the box, cleats secured
upper edges oi the end walls of the box which to the other walls of the box and having their‘
have no other wall structure attached, to the upper edges substantially in said plane for sup- ‘
same. Secondly these cleats provide locking porting said cover ?aps, said cleats having dove
means for securing the cover flaps together. In tailed slots therein extending through the upper
addition thereto the said cleats‘ support the cover most edge of the cleat and falling short of the
?aps throughout the free lateral. edges thereof lowermost edge thereof to form seats, said end
.65
as well as through the ?anges depending there
walls having hand holes therein disposed with' ‘
from. The cleats of my invention also form in the upper edges thereof, at the lower edges of
conjunction with suitable holes in the end walls said cleats ?anges on said cover ?aps said ?anges
grips by means of which the box may be readily being formed with doubled-over sections ar
70 carried. My invention provides an extremely neat ranged to be received within said slots the outer
and rigid construction and may be repeatedly most of said sections being yieldingly urged
used for the shipment of beer bottles and similar against the walls of said slotsto hold the clo
articles or commodities. 'In my invention access sure ?aps in closed position.
'
to the interior of the box can be readily had and
5. A box open at the top comprising‘ side and
the cover repeatedly opened and reclosed. Am
end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a
I
g
cover for the box comprising cover ?aps hinged
to two opposite walls of the box and extending
substantially in a common plane when in closing
position to effect a closure for the box, cleats se—
cured to the ‘other walls of the box upon the in
terior thereof and having their upper edges sub
stantially in said plane for supporting said cover
?aps, said cleats having notches therein falling
short of the lower edges thereof to form seats,
10 said walls covering said notches, and ?anges
issuing downwardly from said cover ?aps, said
?anges being received within said notches and
resting upon said seats, the _ends of said flanges
being adapted to engage the walls to which the
is
cleats are attached.
6. A. box open at the top comprising side and
end walls and. a bottom connected therewith,
a cover for the box comprising cover flaps hinged
to two opposite ‘walls of the box and extending
20 substantially in a common plane when in closing
position to eifect a. closure for the box, cleats
secured to the other walls of the box upon the
interior thereof and having their upper edges
substantially in said plane for supporting said
cover ?aps, said cleats having notches therein,
extending completely through said cleats from
side to side and falling short of the lower edge
thereoi, said walls to which the cleats are at
tached extending across and covering said
notches, and ?anges issuing downwardly from
said cover ?aps, said ?anges being received with
in said notches, the ends of said flanges when dis
posed within said notches being covered by the
walls to which said cleats are attached.
'7. A box open at the top comprising side and
end walls and a bottom connected therewith, a
cover for the box hinged to one of the walls,
cleats secured to the two adjacent walls of the box
at the upper edge thereof, said cleats having
shoulders extending downwardly from the upper
edges of the cleats and forming acute angles 15
therewith, a ?ange issuing from said cover and
adapted to be positioned adjacent said shoulder,
said ?ange being constructed with two sections,
one of said sections being doubled back upon the
other section and having a free edge normally 20
swinging away from the complemental section
and engaging said shoulder, and means for en
gaging the other section to maintain ,said free
edge in engagement with said shoulder.
PAUL F. BOEYE.
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