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Патент USA US2116348

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May 3, 1938.
C. F. HARRIS ET AL.
2,116,345”:
PERMANENT WAVING DEVICE_
" Filed July 3, 1955
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2,116,348
Patented May 3, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,116,348
PERMANENT‘ WAVING DEVICE
Clara F. Harris and Willard A. Tripp, Kansas
City, Mo.
Application July 3, 1935, Serial No. 29,662
7 Claims. (Cl. 132—32)
This invention relates to permanent waving
devices of the type employing the well known exo
thermic material containing pad such as disclosed
in United States Letters Patent No. 1,892,390 is
5 sued December 2'7, 1932, and the primary object of
this invention is to provide a tress holding and
forming clamp of a multiple unit type which is
effective in waving hair while it is in substan
tially the position assumed naturally on the
10 scalp.
Another important object of this invention is
the provision of a permanent waving device of
the aforementioned character wherein is pro
vided a pair of spaced apart tress holding mem
15 bars between which is interposed waving mem—
bers that are adapted to hold means for heating
the tress as it is clamped by said device.
'
A yet further aim of this invention is to pro
vide permanent waving equipment in the form
20 of a tress clamp which has structure for off-set
ting the tress at spaced apart points throughout
its length in directions substantially perpendic
ular to each other to the end that an effective
and desirable wave is created in the tress which
25 assumes the normal and desired position on the
scalp without the necessity of the setting oper
ation which is normally required when perma
nent waves are imparted to the hair.
In employing a permanent waving device hav
30 ing the aforementioned broad characteristics,
advantages will be present which allow an ap
preciable saving in time and which permit pre
determining the position of the separate undu
lations of the wave to the end that a better ap
pearing and more desirably balanced wave is
produced.
The illustrated embodiment of the invention is
shown in the accompanying drawing, wherein,
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a permanent
4,0 waving device made in accordance with this in
vention.
Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the same.
Fig. 3 is a vertical central cross section through
the device, and
45
'
Fig. 4 is a vertical longitudinal section taken
along‘ line IV—IV of Fig. 2.
Some of the component parts of this device
are well known in the art and in this regard
reference is had to the clamp which is formed
50 along one edge of the device and which com
prises a movable jaw 6 having a resilient mem
her 8 which is moved toward and from the up
turned wall I!) of a pad I 2 for the purpose of
clamping the tress l4 therebetween along a line
55 close to the base of the hair forming the tress.
Jaw 6 is pivotally mounted as at i6 and a lock
such as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 may be em
ployed to draw the jaw to the operative posi
tion. This lock comprises a swingable screw
threaded bar IB that enters between ears 20 on 5
jaw 6 and which carried a thumb-nut 22 for the
purpose of drawing jaw 6 against wall 10'. After
the clamp has been operated to secure the tress
between the jaws thereof, the tress is drawn or
spread over the upper edges of members 24 in the 10
form of upstanding walls, the upper edges of
which directly engage tress M which is shown
in dotted lines in Figs. 2 and 3. These members
24 have offset notches 26 formed in the upper
edges thereof so that the tress I4 is caused to 15
assume a serpentine path as it extends from the
clamp to spool 28 that is rotatably mounted upon
the device at the edge, opposite to the aforesaid
clamp. This spool 28 is provided with the reg‘
ular conventional type holder 30 and is formed 20
in a manner well known in the art.
A handle 32 is provided so that spool 28 may
be manually manipulated to tension that part
of the tress extending from jaws 6 to spool 28.
A ratchet 34 is formed upon one end of spool 25
28 and a resilient ?nger 36 engages this ratchet
34 so that as spool 28 is turned in one direction,
ratchet and ?nger structure will preclude a re
versal of the movement until the operator de
sires to release the tress.
30
In addition to walls 24 which are provided
between the spaced apart means for tensioning
a part of the tress, there is provided the arcuate
swingable members 38 which are moved down
against the tress to press the same between walls
24. These members 38 are hingedly mounted at
one end through the medium of the hinge rod‘
4!] and a bar 42 over-lies each member 38 when
the device is assembled. These bars 42 are like
wise hingedly connected to rod 4!! and one end
thereof is tapered as at 44 so that latch 46 is
automatically made effective when the bar is
moved to the position shown in Fig. 4. These
latch members 46 are in the form of resilient
tongues having a recessed portion 48 for the reception of one end of bar 42 and the upwardly
and outwardly extending ends thereof aiford a
means for quickly releasing the same.
As the drawing illustrates, bars 42 are moved
to position against a pad 50 which contains an
exothermic material and which is employed for
the purpose of imparting‘ a, su?icient amount of
heat to the hair being waved to impart the wave
thereto. This pad 56 is of the general charac
ter of the pad disclosed in the aforementioned
35
40
45
50
55
2
2,116,348
patent and heat which originates therein passes
through openings 52 in members 38 and thence
to the tress which is against these members
along the side opposite from that side thereof
contacted by pad 50. The ends of pad 50 are
held in place by such members as shields 54 and
56 and the particular construction shown, in
sures that heat from pad 50 will positively pass
to the tress M.
The operation of the permanent waving device
has been made clear during the course of the
speci?cation and it is obvious that tensioning
the tress M in the manner speci?ed, will insure
that it tightly engages all of the parts disposed
between the clamp and spool 6 and 28 respec
tively. It has been found that when a tress is
so treated and then combined with an exother
mic containing pad as this invention contem~
plates, the hair waving is accomplished in a most
20 e?icient manner.
While one particular form of the permanent
waving device has been shown and described,
it is known that modi?cations might be employed
without departing from the spirit of the inven
tion or scope of the appended. claims.
Having thus described the invention, What is
claimed as new and desired to be secured by
Letters Patent is:
1. A permanent waving device of the character
so described comprising, in combination, adjustable
means for tensioning a tress; means for offset
ting said tress at spaced-apart intervals through
out its length in two planes substantially per
pendicular to each other; and means for heating
the tress while in the oifset condition.
2. A permanent waving device of the character
described comprising, in combination, spaced
4.0
apart means, for tensioning a tress; a plurality
of spaced-apart substantially parallel ?at mem
bers between said means; a plurality of coacting
elements to offset the tress between the mem
bers; and means on the tress-engaging portions
of said members for offsetting the tress in a serpentine path at an angle to said ?rst named
offset.
3. A permanent waving device of the character
described comprising, in combination, spaced
apart means for tensioning a tress; a plurality
of spaced-apart members ?xed between said
means; a plurality of coacting elements to offset
the tress between the members; and means for
heating the tress when so held, said coacting ele
ments and heating means being arcuate in cross
section to impart a wave to the tress between the
said members.
4. A permanent waving device of the character
described comprising, in combination, spaced
apart means for tensioning a tress; a plurality of
relatively ?xed, spaced-apart parallel members
between said means; a plurality of coacting ele
ments to offset the tress between said members;
and means for heating the tress when so held,
said coacting elements being independently hing
edly mounted at their one end for movement
toward and from the tress transversely of the 1O
latter and having a latch at the other end there
of to maintain the element in operative position
against the tress between said spaced-apart
members.
5. A permanent waving device of the character
described comprising, in combination, spaced
apart means for tensioning a tress; a plurality
of relatively ?xed spaced-apart members between
said means; a plurality of coacting spaced-apart
elements to offset the tress between the mem
bers; and means for heating the tress when so
held, said coacting elements being arcuate in
cross section to impart a wave to the tress be
tween said members and provided with a plu
rality of holes therethrough, said heating means
overlying said coacting elements and conforming
to the outer surface thereof.
6. A permanent waving device of the character
described comprising, in combination, spacedapart means for tensioning a tress; a plurality of ‘
spaced-apart, substantially parallel members be
tween said means; a plurality of coacting ele
ments to offset the tress between the members;
and means for heating the tress when so held,
said coacting elements being arcuate in cross sec- '
tion to impart a wave to the tress between said
members and provided with a plurality of holes
therethrough, said heating means overlying said
coacting elements, each of said elements having
a hingedly mounted bar adjustable for holding 40
the heating means against the face thereof.
7. A permanent waving device of the character
described comprising in combination, a tress
clamp; a spool in spaced relation to the clamp;
means for offsetting the tress in planes substan
tially perpendicular to the axis of said spool to
form undulations therein; means to further oil
set the tress in planes parallel with the axis of
said spool to form ‘undulations in the tress at
substantially right angles to the said ?rst-named 50
undulations; and means for heating said tress
when so held.
' CLARA F. HARRIS.
WILLARD A. TRIPP.
55
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