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Патент USA US2116349

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May 3, 11938.
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c. F. HARRIS ET A1.
HAIR WAVING -DEVÍCE
Filed March 15, 1957
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2,116,349
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Patented May 3, 1938
2,116,349
N UNiTED STATES
rßrrlazn'rv OFFICE
2,116,349
HAIR WAVING DEVICE
Clara F. Harris and Willard A. Tripp, Kansas
City, Mo.
Application March 15, 1937, serial No. 120,974>
9 Claims. (Cl. 132-36)
, >This invention relates to hair waving devices
andlparticularly to the -type wherein the hair is
waved when in substantially the same position it
is‘to maintain on the scalp, and also contem
5_ plates the use of the well known exothermic ma
terial containing pad such as disclosed in United
10
provided with spaced-apart, upwardly extending
States‘Letters Patent No. 1,875,228, issued August
lugs 30. A slide bar 32, having a flanged edge 34
30, 1932,
positioned in groove 36 formed on the rear side
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`The principal object of this invention is the
provision cfa hair waving device having a series
cfl‘interconnected curling sections, each adapted
tohreceive and clamp a tress of hair adjacentv the
baseV thereof, and having connnon means for pro
ducing similar Waves in the several tresses.
Afurther„object` of „the invention is to produce
an `apparatus for the wavingwof hair which will
berelativelysimple in its construction and appli
cation, and which will insure uniformly good re
`Sults in_successive waving operations.
,
20 n‘lc‘lurtlfier objects of the‘invention will appear
from the` following descriptiomin which preferred
embodiments of the invention have been set forth
inldetail in‘conjunctionwith the drawing.
„Referring to the drawing:
25
I2. A resilient pad 24 is provided on the edge 22
to `cci-,operate with tongue I8 to clamp the tress
of hair 26 adjacent its base. This clamping jaw
20 rests at its one end against the guide flange
28 formed >upwardly `from base plate I0, and is UAI,
.
Figure `1 is a plan View of a hair waving device,
with; certain parts removed for »clearness, em
bodying this invention.
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„Fig 2„is ,a cross sectional view taken on line
vII`-§AIlI1 of Fig. 1, with all the parts in position to
30 wave -the hair,V
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Fig.` 4 is a fragmentary view of the device,
_showing the reverse side to that `shown in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view, taken online V-V
35
of Fig. 1, and,
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Fig. 6 is a reduced plan View of the hair spac
ing pad.
. Throughout the several views like reference
40 characters refer to similar parts; and the nu
meral I8 designates a base plate, arcuate in one di
rection, tov substantially‘conform to the curvature
of the head and having a‘series of substantially
parallel, elongated slots I2 and upstanding walls
” I4 at similar sides respectively of said slots.
A
resilient pad I6, made of- a suitable material such
as rubber, is shaped to conform to the general
contour of the base plate„with tongues I8 formed
therefrom `to rest against the inner surfaceof
walls, I4 to `produce a resilient clamping jaw.
padjlö is cemented or otherwise secured in
position as shown in‘Fig. 2.
of, is provided with diagonally disposed slots 38 10
through which the vlugs 38 extend.y The outer end
of slide bar 32 is provided with an upturned ledge
48, by means of whichit maybe moved longi
tudinally to cause clamping jaw 20 to‘move trans
versely across slot I2 and cause a pinching of the 15
tress> of hair between the members I8 and 24.
When slide bar 32has been moved to the end of
its travel, the 1ugs30 will rest in respective re
cesses 42 formed at the outer end of slots 38 to
prevent accidental movement of slide bar 32.
The conventional hair clamping spool 44 which
jaw46 is rotatably mounted in bearing members
4l at» one end of base I0 in parallel relation with
slots I2. The‘spool 44 is provided with a haiii‘dle
48, by means of whichit Vmay be operated to wind 25
and tension the tresses of hair. To prevent acci
dental unwinding of the tresses during the Wav
ing and curling operation, a ratchet 50 is formed
on spool 44 and a resilient paw1`52 co-operates
with the teeth thereof to preclude reverse move
,
Fig. „3ds a fragmentary side elevation of the
device.
of wall I4 to prevent, transverse movement there
.
ment of thespool. Bail 45, pivoted at its opposite
ends 49 Yto bearing members 41,'secures the spool
in position and also serves to position the outer
pad as hereinafter set forth; ‘
_ For producing the proper curvature of the hair, 35
segmental cylindrical, perforated, members 54,
hinged at their one end as at> 56 `to base I0, are
adapted to be moved between adjacent walls I4.
A hinged latch 58, provided with notch 60, is
adapted to receive the free end of 54 to» hold it in 40
the operative position.
‘
An exothermic material containing' pad 62 is
now placed over the device and secured in posi
tion by hinged bars 64, which are secured in the
operative position by means of yoke 66 carried by 45
latch 58. For convenience of operation, bar 64 is
provided with an operating knob 68.
‘ The outer wall I4farthest removed from spool44
is curved inwardly at 'I8 to receive the end portion
of pad 62 to hold it in position. The end portion
of pad V62 adjacent the spool passes beneath bail
45 and is turned downwardly to partially sur
f" Slidablymounted on the upper side of base II)
round spool 44.
is a clamping ljaw 20, with its clamping edge 22 in
To facilitate proper division, shaping and spac
ing of the tresses of hair, the base pad ‘I2 is pro
alignment and associated with the adjacent slot
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2,116,349
2
vided. This pad 'l2 consists of a flexible, soft
material such as felt or the like, and is provided
with slits 14 which are respectively positioned in
hair; and means for heating said tresses of hair
while in the waved position.
register with slots I2 .
apart, substantially parallel clamping means,
In the operation of the device a tress of hair 26
through corresponding slots I2 in base I0. The
each adapted to grip a tress of hair adjacent the Ur
base thereof; a rotatable spool at one end of the
series of clamping means adapted to receive the
slide bars 32 are now moved inwardly until the
end portions of certain of said tresses; means in
is drawn through each of the slits 14, then
separate tresses are securely clamped between
their respective jaws. The free ends of the tresses
are then positioned in the direction of the spool 44
and with the tresses laying one on top of the other
and above walls I4, the members 54 are then
placed in the operative position above the tresses
to press them downwardly between the Walls I4
so that they will take on a waved shape in the
general position they will assume on the scalp
after being curled. The tresses farthest from the
spool 44 may be too short to reach the spool, how
20 ever, this will not be objectionable since a suiii
cient amount of hair will be engaged by the spool
to permit the desired amount of tightening of the
tresses. In certain instances Where the hair is
suñiciently long, the ends of all the tresses will
be Wound on the spool. While it is possible to lay
one tress of air on the preceding tress to prevent
entanglement of the strands, yet it is common
practice for the operator to use a comb to main
tain the hair of the various tresses in proper rela
30 tion. It is apparent thatcertain of the waves
produced will consist kof hairfrom several of the
tresses, and that each tress does not produce 'a
separate and distinct wave.>
The ends of. thosetresses that are -long enough
85 are now inserted beneath the jaw 46 of spool 44,
and the end portions of the tresses areV wound
about the spool 44 until a proper tension is exert
ed on the hair to facilitate the best waving of the
hair. Pad 62 is now positioned as shown in Fig.
40 2, with the swinging bars 64 in the operative po
sition to secure the pad in position. The pad 62
being moistened, produces suñ‘icient heat to cause
a xäîrmanent waving of the tresses, and when
re ` ved from the waving device, will require very
45 little arranging on the scalp, due to the fact that
they will maintain substantially the same posi
tion relative to the scalp as they had during the
waving operation.
.
It is suggested that more spools might be added
50 to form more end curls in certain cases, however,
this would only require duplicating the spool
structure as shown.
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The similarity of the waves inl the various
tresses will naturally be very much alike, since
55 they are made by the same means as correspond
ing sections of the tresses.
It is apparent that the present invention will
produce a new and novel eiTect in the permanent
waving of the hair.
60
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What we claim is:
1. In a hair waving device, a plurality of
spaced-apart clamping means, each adapted to
grip a separate tress of hair adjacent the base
thereof; waving means associated with each of
65 said clamping means whereby said tresses are se
cured in substantially a common undulated path
from their respective clamping means; and means
for heating said tresses of hair while in the waved
position.
70
3. In a hair waving device, a series of spaced
2. In a hair waving device, a plurality of
spaced-apart, elongated clamping means, each
adapted to grip a tress of hair adjacent the base
thereof; a spool adapted to receive the end por
tions of each of said tresses; means between ad
75 jacent clampíng means to wave said tresses of
termediate adjacent clamping means whereby
said tresses are held in an undulated form; and 10
means for heating said hair tresses.
4. In a hair waving device, a series of spaced
apart, substantially parallel clamping means ar
ranged in arcuate relation, each clamping means
adapted to grip a tress of hair adjacent the base
thereof; a rotatable spool, positioned at one end
of said Series of clamping means, adapted to re
ceive the end portions of some of said tresses;
means intermediate adjacent clamping means
whereby the tresses of hair are secured in an un
20
dulated path from their respective clamping
means toward said spool; and means for heating
said tresses.
5. In a hair waving device, a series of spaced
apart, clamping means, each adapted to grip a 25
tress of hair adjacent the base thereof; a rotat
able spool adapted to receive the end portions of
some of said tresses and tension said tresses be
tween said spool and said clamping means; means
intermediate adjacent clamping means whereby 30
said tresses are secured in an undulated path
from their respective clamping means toward
said spool; and means for heating said tresses of
hair.
6. In a hair waving device, an arcuate base 35
plate having a series of axially disposed slots
formed therethrough, and an upturned wall ad
jacent eaclr slot; a clamping means associated
with each slot to clamp a tress of hair adjacent
the base thereof; a rotatably mounted spool car 40
ried by said base at one end of said series of slots
to receive the end portions of certain of said
tresses, and to tension the tresses over said walls;
a transversely arcuate member adjustable to be
positioned between adjacent walls to cause said 45
tresses to assume an undulated form; and means
for heating said tresses.
7. In a hair waving device, an arcuate base
plate having a series of axially disposed slots
formed therethrough and an upturned wall ad 50
jacent each slot; a clamping means associated
with each slot to clamp a tress of hair adjacent
the base thereof; a iìexible pad at the under side
of said base plate having slits formed therein to
register with said slots, and adapted to receive 55
said hair tresses below said base plate; a rotat
ably mounted spool carried by said base at one
end of said series of slots to receive the end por
tions of some of said stresses, and to tension the
tresses over said walls; a transversely arcuate 60
member adjustable to be positioned between ad
jacent walls to cause said tresses to assume an
undulated form; and means for heating said
tresses.
8. In a hair waving device, an arcuate base 65
plate having a series of axially disposed slots
formed therethrough, and an upturned wall ad
jacent each slot; a clamping means associated
with each slot to clamp a tress of hair adjacent
the base thereof; a rotatably mounted spool car 70
ried by said base at one end of said series of slots
to receive the end portions of some of said tresses,
and to tension the tresses over said Walls; a
hinged member adapted to be positioned to offset
said tresses between adjacent walls; a heating 75
2,116,349
pad adapted to be positioned on top of said hinged
member; and adjustable bars to secure said heat
ing pad in the operative position.
9. In a hair waving device, a series of spaced
apart, substantially parallel clamping means
each adapted to grip a tress of hair adjacent the
base thereof, said clamping means having means
for securing it in the operative position; a ro
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tatable spool at one end of the series of clamping
means adapted to receive the end portions of a
plurality of said tresses; means intermediate ad
jacent clamping means whereby said tresses are
held in an undulated form; and means for heat
ing said hair tresses.
CLARA F. HARRIS.
WILLARD A. TRIPP.
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