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Патент USA US2116577

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May 10, 1938.
E. M. ILSEMANN
2,116,577
MACHINE FOR MAKING DECORATIVE MATERIAL
Filed Dec. 2, 1956
4 Sheets-Sheet l
‘Ht
BY 2
ATTORNEY.
May 10, 1938.
E. M. ILSEMANN
2,116,577
MACHINE FOR MAKING DECORATIVE MATERIAL
Filed Dec. 2, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
@
“v.
BY
ATTORNEY.
May 10, 1938.
2,116,577
E. M. ILSEMANN
MACHINE FOR MAKING DECORATIVE MATERIAL
Filed Dec. 2, 1936
‘A
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
Q
1 1|“.&1.7
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.Q.
WW
IW
74%.
INVENTOR.
7.77
MM
7
ATTORNEY.
May 10, 1938.
2,116,577
E. M. lLsEMAN'N
MACHINE FOR MAKING DECORATIVE MATERIAL
Filed Dec. 2, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
mm“Q
BY
‘
'
‘
ATTORNEY.
-
Patented May 10, 1938
2,116,577
UNlTED STATES PATENT QFFlCE
2,116,577
MACHINE FOR MAKING DECORATIVE
‘
MATERIAL
Eric M. lilsernann, Newark, N. J., assignor to in
ternationa-l Decorative Novelty Company, New
ark, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey
Application December 2, 1936, Serial No. 113,882
16 Claims.
This invention relates to automatic mechanism
for producing running lengths of decorative ma
terial. Such material, in one form thereof, com
prises lead or tin foil out in such manner as‘to
5 provide a fringe pendant from a marginal por
(Cl. 41—1)
mentary transverse section, taken on line 5-5
in Fig. 2, also drawn on an enlarged scale; Fig. 6
is a fragmentary transverse section, taken on
line 6—5 in Fig. 2, drawn on an enlarged scale;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary transverse section, taken 5
tion thereof, said marginal portion being pro
on line 'l—'l in Fig. 2, and also drawn on an en
vided with a reenforcing binding which, in most
larged scale; and Fig. 8 is a fragmentary hori
zontal section, taken on line 8——-8 in Fig. 6.
cases, includes a ?exible cord or strand extending
through the bight thereof. The machine is also
10 operative to produce a crinkling or crimping of
the individual fringe forming appendages or
elements, whereby. in the ?nished material, the
fringe is furnished with a multiplicity of light
re?ecting facets so that a brilliant scintillating
effect is attained by the re?ection of light there
from when the material is employed in use as an
ornamental trimming or for other decorative
purposes.
7
The invention has for its general object to pro
vide a simple, cf?cient and compact machine
adapted to automatically and rapidly fabricate
the elements making up decorative material of
the type above referred to, and to produce the
crinkled or crimped fringe structure of said ma
terial.
The invention has for an object to provide, in
a machine of the kind above referred to, means
for automatically and continuously withdrawing
from a source of supply the various elements
30 entering into the construction of said decorative
material and thereupon bringing said» elements
together in proper assembled relation, and then
advancing the assembled structure to and through
a novel cutting or shearing mechanism adapted
to produce in the lead or tin foil element a pend
ant fringe structure.
The invention has for a further object to pro
vide, in such machine, means to crimp the fringe
forming members whereby the fringe is corru
gately crinkled to provide the same with angular
light re?ecting facets to thus render the fringe
of sparkling effect in use.
Other objects of this invention not at this
time more particularly enumerated will be un
derstood from the following detailed description
of the same.
An illustrative embodiment of the invention is
shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a view of the machine, according to
50 this invention, in side elevation; Fig. 2 is a top
plan View of the machine; Fig. 3 is a horizontal
section through the machine, taken on line 3-3
in Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertical longi
tudinal section, taken on line ll—4 in Fig. 2,
drawn on an enlarged scale; Fig. 5 is a frag ,
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary sectional view of a
modi?ed form of foil guide rod means.
10
Similar ‘characters of reference are employed
in the above described views, to indicate corre
sponding parts.
Referring to the drawings, the reference char
acter l0 indicates a bottom frame plate and II a
top frame plate, said plates being secured to
gether in vertically spaced relation by inter
mediate vertical frame bars l2 extending between
the respective corner portions thereof.
At its left hand end portion, as viewed in the 20
drawings, the top frame plate H is cut away to
provide an opening l3 therethrough. This. open
ing I3 is bridged over by a bridge plate M
which is suitably secured to said top frame plate
II by bolts and nuts 15. At its inner lateral
marginal portion said bridge plate I4 is cut away
to provide a hatchway or passage 16 leading to
the space beneath said top frame plate I l.
A?ixed to said bridge plate It is a bearing hous
ing IT in which is mounted a suitable anti-fric- 0
tion bearing l8. Journaled in said bearing I8
is a rotatable upper spindle [9, which is retained
in operative relation to the bearing I8 and its
housing H by a keeper collar 26 suitably secured
to its exteriorly and upwardly projecting free 35
end portion. Threaded to and extending axially
through. said spindle I9 is an adjusting member
2!, to the lower end of which is attached _a coni
cal hub member 22. Said hub member 22 is
disposed beneath the top frame plate ll. Con
40
nected with the bottom frame plate In is a bear
ing housing and bearing 23 similar in kind to
the housing I1 and its antifriction bearing I8,
and journaled therein is an upstanding rotatable
lower spindle 24 which is disposed in vertical or
axial alignment with the upper spindle I9. En
gaged on and carried by said lower spindle 24,
so as to be vertically adjustable thereon, is a
foil roll supporting sleeve 25 having at its upper
end a conical hub member 26. A supply of lead
or tin foil F, in the form of a roll 21 thereof
wound upon a hub sleeve 28, is provided to sup
ply this material subject to the operation of the
machine. This roll is mounted over the lower
spindle 24 so that the hub member 2'6 of the sup 55
2
2,116,577
porting sleeve 25 engages wedgingly in the lower
end of its hub sleeve 28, while the hub member
22 of the upper spindle i9 engages wedgingly in
the upper end of said hub sleeve 28, thus rotat
ably mounting the foil supply roll so that the
clearance for said bearing sleeve 44 which ex
tends therethrough. The means for adjusting
said bearing carrier 155 comprises a stationary
bracket 48 which is secured to the top frame
foil may be drawn from the same.
Said sup
plate H.
Threaded through the upstanding lug
porting sleeve 25 is provided with a manipulata
149 of said bracket 48 is an adjusting screw 50,
the shank 5| of which has a swivel connection
ble-thumb-screw 2% whereby the sleeve may be
a?ixed to the lower spindle 24 in desired adjusted
with the upstanding lug 52 of said bearing car
rier 45. Said shaft 43 of the adjustable roll if!
10 position according to the height of the particular
is provided at its upper end with a driving
foil supply roll to be used. The hub member 22
of the upper spindle I9 is vertically adjustable
so as to dispose the upper marginal portion of
the foil material in proper alignment and registry
15 with the operative mechanisms of the machine
through which the foil material is to be passed.
Secured to and extending between the bottom
sprocket 53.
and top frame plates H3 and H are one or more
foil guide rods 36, at least one of which is dis
20 posed to direct the leading end of the foil into
the proper path of movement to be traversed by
the same when subjected to the action of the
operative mechanisms of the machine.
Fixed upon the bridge plate I4 is an upstanding
25 bracket 3! which supports a transversely dis
posed spindle 32. A supply of binder tape T, in
the form of a roll 33 thereof, is rotatably mounted
upon said spindle 32, so that said binder tape
may be drawn from said roll and supplied subject
30 to the operation of the machine.
top frame plate H, in advance of said pressure
rolls 39~—§9, is a folder member 54, the con
verging sides of which extend toward and ad
jacent to the nip of the pressure rolls 39—£i0, so
that as the horizontally entering tape T passes
into and through said folder member, accom
panied by the underlying cord C and the upper
marginal portion of the foil F, the side marginal
portions of the tape, oppositely extending from
its longitudinal medial line, will be‘ gradually
downturned and folded respectively over opposite
faces of the upper marginal portion of the foil
F, thus forming the tape into a binding which
spool and fed with the foil F and binder tape T
into the machine.
The binder tape T extends from the roll 33
thereof downwardly through the hatchway or
embraces the foil material, while at the same 30
time enclosing the cord C in longitudinal exten
sion through the bight or fold of the binding
thus formed. The under surface of the tape is
provided with a suitable adhesive which will
adhere the fold thereof to the surfaces of the
foil F under the pressure applied to the folds by
the action of the pressure rolls 39-440. The pres
sure rolls 39-40 not only aid in drawing the
materials from the respective supplies thereof, but
also, while creasing and ironing down the folds 40
of the binder tape into smooth adhering rela
tion to the foil F, also assist in advancing the
thus assembled materials onwardly through the
passage “5 provided in the bridge plate it, while
machine subject to subsequent operations.
at the same time cord C extends from spool 373'
to pass through a guide opening 38 provided in
the bridge plate M behind the hatchway or pas
sage !6, so that the cord is fed with and beneath
Beyond said pressure rolls 39—-!l0 is arranged a
pair of rotatable feed rolls which extend verti
the binder tape T.
feed roll 55 and an opposed adjustable feed roll
56. At its upper end, the stationary feed roll is I
provided with a journal 57 extending upwardly
through a bearing sleeve 58 which is ?xed in said
top frame plate ll. Af?xed to the upper free
end of said journal 5'? is a driving sprocket 59.
Mounted in connection with the bottom frame
plate i6 is a journal stud 60 to rotatably support
the lower end of said stationary feed roll 55 in
connection with a suitable anti-friction bearing
M with which said lower end portion of the latter
is provided. At its upper end, said adjustable 60
feed roll 56 is provided with a journal 62 extend
ing upwardly through a bearing supported by an
adjustable bearing carrier 63, and at its lower
end, said adjustable feed roll 56 is rotatably sup
ported by a journal stud and anti-friction bear 65
Suitably affixed to the top frame plate H, in
upstanding relation thereto, is a post 31! having
af?xed thereto a supporting ?ange 35 above which
projects a vertical spindle 35. A supply of flexible
cord or like material C, wound e. g. upon a spool
31, is provided to supply this material subject to
the operation of the machine. The spool 3‘! is
rotatably supported by the ?ange 35 and spindle
3% so that the cord C may be drawn from the
Mounted on the underside of the top frame
50
plate H beyond the hatchway or passage IE is a
tape folding and applying means adapted to fold
the tape along its longitudinal axis so as to both
envelop the cord C in the bight of such fold and
55 embrace within the fold of the tape the upper
longitudinal marginal portion of the foil, thus
assembling these materials together in the desired
manner subject to progressive movement through
the machine for subsequent fringing and crimping
60
By adjustably moving the bearing
carrier 45, the roll 40 may be moved toward or
from the stationary roll 39 so as to adjust the
nip of the rolls for the proper reception, passage
and treatment of the materials passed to and be 15
tween said rolls. A?ixed to the underside of said
operations.
The tape folding and creasing means comprises
a pair of rotatable pressure rolls including a sta
tionary roll 39 and an opposed adjustable roll 46.
These rolls rotate about vertical axes adjacent
65 to the underside of said top frame plate I l. The
shaft ill of the stationary roll (-29 is journaled in
a bearing sleeve 4!’ ?xed in said top frame plate
I I, and said shaft 4! is provided at its upper end
with a driving sprocket 42. The shaft 43 of the
70 adjustable roll [it is journaled in a bearing sleeve
44 ?xed in a transversely disposed bearing car
rier 45, the latter being slidably disposed between
guide pieces d6 upon the upper surface of said
top frame plate ll. Said top frame plate H is
75 provided with an opening 15'! to provide adjusting
cally between the bottom and top feed plates
l0—l|. Said feed rolls comprise a stationary
ing, similar to those serving the stationary feed
roll 55, and carried by a corresponding adjust
able bearing carrier 63. Said bearing carriers 63
are
similar
in
construction
to
that
above
described as supporting the adjustable creasing
roll til, being slidable between guide~pieces 64,
and being subject to adjusting movement by
means of adjusting screws 65 which are threaded
through bracket pieces 66 affixed to the frame
plates. By adjustably moving the bearing car 75
2.11am?
3 .
riers 63, the feed roll 56 may be moved toward
or from the stationary feed roll 55 so as to adjust
elements 11. A drive sprocket 81 is affixed to the
upper journal 19 of said backing roll. At its up
the nip of these rolls properly to the assembled
materials passing therebetween. A drive sprocket
with an annular clearance groove or‘ channel 88
61 is a?ixed to the upper journal 62 of the ad
justable feed roll 56. To e?ect a positive grip
and feed of the materials through and by said
provided,
feed rolls adjacent
55—56, the
to‘its
adjustable
upper end,
feedwitha
roll 56plu»
rality of circumferentially spaced radially pro~
jecting drive pins 68, and the stationary feed roll
55 is provided with a cooperating annular clear
ance groove or channel 69 to- receive and pass said
pins.
Said drive pins 68 are sharply pointed, and,
r consequently, as the tape bound margin of the
foil F passes between the feed rolls 55-56, said
pins will laterally pierce the same, thus positively
engaging and propelling forward the material,
since these pins enter the material as it ap
20 proaches the nip of said feed rolls and withdraw
therefrom as the material leaves the nip of and
rolls.
Beyond said feed rolls 55—56 is arranged foil
slitting or shearing means whereby the body of
the foil material extending below the tape bound
marginal portion thereof may be cut to provide a
dependant fringe. This slitting or shearing
means comprises a rotatable vertically disposed
cutter roll 10 having at its upper end a journal
3 l. ‘H which extends upwardly through a bearing
sleeve 12 mounted in the top frame plate ll.
A?ixed to the upper free end of said journal TI
is a driving sprocket l3. Mounted in connection
with the bottom frame plate 10 is a journal stud
14‘ to rotatably support the lower end of "said
cutter roll 10 in connection with a suitable anti
friction bearing 15 with which said lower end
portion of the cutter roll is provided. At its up
per end portion the cutter roll 10 is provided with
a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially
projecting drive pins 16 to engage and propel the
tape bound marginal portion of the foil through
the slitting or shearing means of which the cut
ter roll is a part. The cutter roll is provided,
around its cylindrical surface, with a plurality of ‘
radial cutting elements 11, which extend longi
tudinally of the roll. These cutting elements are
somewhat obliquely inclined to the axis of the
roll, for purposes presently to be explained. Co
50 operative with said cutter roll is a rotatable ver
tically disposed backing roll 18 against the cylin
drical surface of which the sharp knife-like edges
of the cutting elements impinge, so as to shear
through the foil material as the latter is backed
or supported by the backing roll when passing
between the same and said cutter roll. At its
upper end, said backing roll 18 is provided with a
journal ‘H! which extends upwardly through a
bearing sleeve 80 supported by an adjustable
60 bearing carrier 8|, and, at its lower end, said
backing roll is provided with an anti-friction
bearing 82 in connection with which it is rotat—
ably supported by a journal stud 83 carried by a
corresponding adjustable bearing carrier 84.
65 The bearing carriers 8| and 84 are respectively
slidably mounted upon the top and bottom frame
plates for movement between guide-pieces 64, and
the adjusting movements of said carriers are con
trolled by adjusting screws 85 which are threaded
through stationary brackets 86 respectively af
?xed to said top and bottom frame plates. By
adjustably moving the bearing carriers 8l—-B4,
said backing roll 18 may be positioned relative
to the cutter roll ‘H1 in such manner as to assure
.a proper impingement thereupon of the cutting
per end portion, the‘backing roll 18 is provided
to receive and pass the drive pins “with which
said cutter roll is provided.
‘
l
‘
In the operation of the machine, as the foil F
is advanced to and passes between said cutter
roll 10 and backing roll 18, that portion of the
foil body dependant from. its tape bound upper
marginal portion is engaged between the knife
like edges of the cutting elements 11 and the
surface of the backing roll 18. Owing to the
oblique disposition or inclination of the cutting
elements 1'! relative to the vertical axis of the
backing roll 18, the point of impingement of each
cutting element edge shifts longitudinally along
the backing roll surface as the rolls rotate. The
result of this mode of operation is to cause the
cutting elements to progressively cut through the
foil material with .a shearing action as distin
guished from a chopping cut involving the simul
taneous action of ‘the entire length of a cutting
edge at the instant of impingement upon the
backing roll as would be the case if the cutting
elements Tl were arrangedparallel to the axis
of the backing roll. Preferably the inclination
of the cutting elements 71 is from left to right
leading from the upper end of the cutter roll 10,
which, as shown, rotates in a clockwise direction, 3
since by such disposition the cutting elements are
caused to shear downwardly through the foil
body from. a selected point adjacent to its upper
bound marginal portion. The described ar
rangement of the foil slitting or shearing means
assures a clean cut with minimum risk of tearing‘
or undesirably mutilating the foil, and conse
quently a clean cut fringing of the foil body to a
desired depth or extent is easily attained with
out risk of the fringe elements failing to be re
leased from between the cutting elements or
teeth; the width of the fringe elements being de
termined by the spacing of the cutting elements
Tl around the cutter roll circumference.
.
Beyond the foil slitting or shearing means, the
machine is provided with means for crimping the
cut fringe, to thereby corrugately crinkle the
fringeelements transversely, whereby light re
?ection from the fringe produces a sparkling or
scintillating effect. This crimping means com
prises a pair of rotatable vertically disposed
crimping rolls. These crimping rolls comprise a
stationary female crimping roll 89 and an op
posed adjustable male crimping roll 90. The sur
faces of said rolls are provided with annular cor
rugations; those of the male crimping roll 90
mating or dove-tailing with those of the female
crimping roll 89. One of the rolls, as e. g. the
female crimping roll 89, is provided at its upper
end with a journal 9i which extends upwardly to»
through a bearing sleeve 82 mounted in the top
frame plate ll. A?ixed to the upper free end
of said journal 9! is‘ a driving sprocket 93.
Mounted in connection with the bottom frame
plate H1 is a journal stud 94 to rotatably support
the lower end of said female crimping roll 89 in
connection with a suitable anti-friction bearing
95 with which the latter is provided. At the up
per end of the other roll, e. g. the male crimping
roll 96, is a journal 96 which extends upwardly To ;
through a bearing sleeve 8'! supported by an ad
justable bearing carrier 98, and, at its lower end,
said roll is provided with an anti-friction bearing
99 in connection with which it is rotatably sup
ported by a journal stud I00 carried by a corre
.
4
2,116,577
sponding adjustable ‘bearing carrier IOI. The
bearing carriers 38 and IIJI are respectively slid
ably mounted upon the top and bottom frame
plates for movement between guide-pieces 64, and
; the adjusting movements of said carriers are
controlled by adjusting screws I02 which are
threaded through stationary brackets I03 respec
tively affixed to said top and bottom frame plates.
By adjustably moving the bearing carriers 98 and
10 IBI, the adjustable crimping roll may be moved
toward and fromv the stationary crimping roll so
as to ‘properly relate the same in spaced opposi
tion to pass the foil fringe therebetween in such
manner as to effect the desired crinkling of the
15 individual fringe elements by pressing the latter
between the mating male and female annular
corrugations with which the crimping rolls are
provided. ' A drive sprocket I04 is af?xed to the
upper journal 96 of said adjustable crimping
20 roll 90.
At its upper end portion said male
crimping roll 90 is provided with a plurality of
2 of the drawings. It will be obvious that the co
operating rolls of each set of roll devices will
be rotated in opposite directions by the above
described drive chain arrangement, whereby the
various roll sets will function to advance the ma 5
terials operated upon from one roll set to another
while subject to the functional effects of the
respective roll sets.
While the above described chain and sprocket
drive means provides a satisfactory power trans
mission means for actuating the several roll sets
of the machine, it will nevertheless be understood
that such form of transmission means is illus
trative of but one of many other forms of power
transmission which might be employed. For
example, instead of the chain and sprocket drive,
a system of gearing could be employed, as will
be readily understood by the skilled mechanic.
The transmission is located above the top
frame plate as will be seen, and it is desirable to g,
guard the same, both to protect it and to safe-
circumferentially spaced radially projecting drive
guard the operator of the machine from possible
pins I05 to engage and propel the tape bound
marginal portion of the foil through the crimp
25 ling rolls. The crimping roll 89 is provided at its
injurious accidental contact therewith. To this
end a covering guard plate III may be provided
upper end portion with an annular clearance
groove or channel I06 to receive and pass the
drive pins I05 of crimping roll 90.
After passing through the fringe ‘crimping
30 \means, the decorative material is completed and
to extend thereover; said guard plate being sup
ported upon carrying posts H2 secured to and
upstanding from said top frame plate II.
The functioning of the several roll sets and the
operation of the machine as a whole in carrying
out its intended purposes will be understood, it 1‘
is passed to any suitable mechanism (not shown)
is believed, without need for further ampli?ca
for winding or folding up the same or otherwise
tion. It will be obvious, however, that the ma
chine may be used for the intended purposes in
connection with various kinds of sheet material
in addition to the foil material above mentioned.
It will also be understood that, if desired, the in
corporation of a reenforcing cord with the bound
margin of the ?nished material may be omitted
when its presence in the ?nished material is not
desired.
40
Referring to Fig. 9, there is shown therein a
modi?ed form of foil guide rod which may be
arranging it for packaging ready for commercial
distribution.
It will'be understood that in cases Where it- is
desired to furnish the decorative material with
straight and smooth or uncrinkled fringe, the
crimping rolls may be withdrawn from service
position or omitted.
Illustrative of one form of driving means for
40
35
transmitting operative movement to the several
sets of rolls, included in the functional mecha
nisms of the machine, there is shown a chain
drive IB'I which engages the several sprockets
45 with which the various roll devices are provided.
A selected journal of one of the roll devices may
be utilized as a drive shaft. For example, the
employed in place of the solid guide rod 30 which
separates the unwinding course of the foil from
the supply roll. This modi?ed foil guide rod 45
comprises a hollow or tubular rod II3 provided
in its side walls with a series of discharge open
upper journal 9i of the crimping roll is provided
ings H4.
with a shaft extension I33 to which an electric
plied to the interior of said rod H3 for discharge
50 motor (not shown) may be connected in driving
relation thereto, or, in fact, any other means for
transmitting operating power to said shaft ex
tension may be employed. "I'he drive chain It'll
is driven in a clockwise direction, i. e. in the di
55 rection of the arrow :0 appearing in Fig. 2. The
chain is run exteriorly around the drive sprocket
93 of the female crimping roll 8Q and then back
and exteriorly around the drive sprocket I04 of
the male crimping roll; thence the chain runs
.60 exteriorly around the sprocket 81 of the backing
roll ‘I8 and then back and exteriorly around the
sprocket T3 of the cutter roll lil; thence the chain
runs exteriorly around the sprocket 59 of feed
roll 55 and then back and exteriorly around the
65 drive sprocket Bl of the feed roll 55; thence the
chain runs eXteriorly around the sprocket 53 of
the pressure roll 40 and then back and exteriorly
around the sprocket 42 of the other pressure roll
39; and ?nally the chain runs around a tension
70 ing sprocket I99, which is mounted in connection
with the top frame plate ii, and then to and
Air under some pressure may be sup
from the openings H4 toward the periphery of _
the foil roll adjacent to the point of separation
of the run of foil being drawn therefrom. Such
discharge of air tends to aid the separation of the
foil run from the roll so as to assure against im
pedance of the proper movement of the foil from 1
the supply roll from any cause.
It will be obvious that many changes, in addi
tion to those hereinabove referred to, could be
made in the above described construction, and
that many apparently widely different embodi
ments of the invention could be made without
departing from the scope of the same as de?ned
by the following claims. It is therefore intended
that all matter contained in the above descrip—
tion or shown in the accompanying drawings
shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a
limiting sense.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. In a machine for the purposes described.
means for progressively slitting sheet material
throughout a portion of its width to provide the
around an idler sprocket Hi3, also mounted on
same with a fringe pendant from a marginal
the top frame plate It, thence returning to
portion thereof, means to apply a binding to said
marginal portion of the sheet material as it
sprocket 93 aforesaid. All this will be under
75 stood to best advantage from an inspection of Fig.
moves to said slitting means, and means for feed
0
2,116,577
knife-like cutting elements extending length
a source of supply thereof and for simultaneously
feeding the binding material from a source of
supply to said applying means.
2. In a machine for the purposes described,‘
means for progressively slitting sheet material
wise from said end means, a rotatable backing
throughout a portion of its width to provide the
same with a fringe pendant from a marginal
portion thereof, means to apply a binding to
said marginal portion of the sheet material as it
moves to said slitting means, means for feeding
the sheet material to said slitting means from
a source of supply thereof and for simultaneously
feeding the binding material from .a source of
15 supply to said applying means, and means beyond
the slitting means for crimping the fringe ele
merits prior to discharge of the ?nished material
from the machine.
3. In a machine for the purposes described,
means for progressively slitting sheet material
throughout a portion of its width to provide the
same with a fringe pendant from a marginal
portion thereof, means to apply a binding to
said marginal portion of the sheet material as it
moves to said slitting means, means for feeding
the sheet material to said slitting means from a
source of supply thereof and for simultaneously
feeding the binding material from a source of
supply to said applying means, and means for
30 supplying a run of flexible cord for envelopment
in the bight of the binding material as the latter
is applied to said sheet material.
4. In a machine for the purposes described,
means for progressively slitting sheet material
35 throughout a portion of its width to provide the
same with a fringe pendant from a marginal por
tion thereof, means to apply a binding to said
marginal portion of the sheet material as it
moves to said slitting means, means for feeding
the sheet material to said slitting means from a
source of supply thereof and for simultaneously
feeding the binding material from a source of
supply to said applying means, means for sup
plying a run of ?exible cord for envelopment in
the bight of the binding material as the latter is
applied to said sheet material, and means beyond
the slitting means for crimping the fringe ele—
ments prior to discharge of the ?nished material
from the machine.
50
5
ing the sheet material to said slitting means from
5. In a machine for the purposes described, a
cutter roll having means at an end thereof to
engage a marginal portion of sheet material with
propulsive effect and spaced radially projecting
knife-like cutting elements extending lengthwise
55 from said end means, a rotatable backing roll to
receive impingement of said cutting elements
and to support sheet material subject to theslit
ting action of the latter thereby to form the ma
terial with a fringe pendant from said marginal
60 portion thereof, a pair of rotatable feed rolls in
advance of said cutter and backing rolls, means
to fold and apply a binding about said marginal
portion of the sheet material. said feed rolls op
erating to withdraw sheet material from a source
of supply thereof and to vsimultaneously with
draw binding material from a source of supply
thereof for movement through said applying
means and thereupon to advance the bound ma
terial for movement between said cutter and
backing rolls, and means for driving said cutter
and backing rolls and said feed rolls.
6. In a machine for the purposes described, a
cutter roll having means at an end thereof to
' engage a marginal portion of sheet material with
propulsive effect and spaced radially projecting
roll to receive impingement of said cutting ele
ments and to support sheet material subject to
the slitting action of the latter thereby to form
the material with a fringe pendant from said
marginal portion thereof, a pair of rotatable feed
rolls in advance of said cutter and backing rolls,
means to fold and apply a binding about said
marginal portion of the sheet material, said feed 10
rolls operating to withdraw sheet material from
a source of supply thereof and to simultaneously
withdraw binding material from a source of sup
ply thereof for movement through said applying
means and thereupon to advance the boundmate
rial for movement between said cutter and back
15
ing rolls, a pair of cooperative rotatable crimping
rolls between which the fringed material is passed
to transversely crinkle the fringe elements, and
means for driving said cutter and backing rolls,
feed rolls and crimping rolls.
'7. In a machine for the purposes described, a
cutter roll having means at an end thereof to
engage a marginal portion of sheet material with
propulsive effect and spaced‘ radially projecting
knife-like cutting elements extending lengthwise
from said end means, a rotatable backing roll to
receive impingement of said cutting elements and
to support sheet material subject to the slitting
action of the latter thereby to form the material 30
with a fringe pendant from said marginal portion
thereof, a pair of rotatable feed rolls in advance
of said cutter and backing rolls, means to fold
and apply a binding about said marginal portion
of the sheet material. said feed rolls operating to withdraw sheet material from a source of sup
ply thereof and to simultaneously withdraw bind
ing material from a source of supply thereof‘ for
movement through said applying means and
thereupon to advance the bound material for 40
movement between said cutter and backing rolls,
a pair of cooperative rotatable crimping rolls be
tween which the fringed material is passed to
transversely crinkle the fringe elements, means
for driving said cutter and backing rolls, feed 45
rolls and crimping rolls, and said feed rolls, out
ter and backing rolls and crimping rolls having
means to positively engage the bound marginal
portion of said sheet material with forwardly
50
propelling effect upon the material.
8. In a machine for the purposes described, a
cutter roll having means at an end thereof to
engage a marginal portion of sheet material with
propulsive effect and spaced radially projecting
knife-like cutting elements extending lengthwise 55
from said end means, a rotatable backing roll to
receive impingement of said cutting elements and
to support sheet material subject to the slitting
action of the latter thereby to form the material
with a fringe pendant from said marginal portion
thereof, a pair of rotatable feed rolls in advance
of said cutter and backing rolls, means to feed
and apply a binding about said marginal portion
of the sheet material, said feed rolls operating to
withdraw sheet material from a source of supply 65
thereof and to simultaneously withdraw binding
material from a source of supply thereof for
movement through said applying means and
thereupon to advance the bound material for
movement between said cutter and backing rolls, 70
means for driving said cutter and backing rolls
and said feed rolls, and means for supplying a
run of ?exible cord for extension through and
envelopment in the bight of the binding mate
rial as the latter is applied to said sheet material. 75
6
2,116,577
9. In a machine for the purposes described, a
cutter roll having means at an end thereof to
engage a marginal portion of sheet material with
propulsive effect and spaced radially projecting
knife-like cutting elements extending lengthwise
from said end means, a rotatable backing roll to
receive impingement of said cutting elements
and to support sheet material subject to the
slitting action of the latter thereby to form the
material with a fringe pendant from said mar
ginal portion thereof, a pair of rotatable feed
rolls in advance of said cutter and backing rolls,
means to fold and apply a binding about said
marginal portion of the sheet material, said feed
15 rolls operating to withdraw sheet material from a
ment to the other feed roll, means to fold and
apply a binding strip about the upper longitu
dinal marginal portion of sheet material to be
fed to said cutter and backing rolls, means for
rotatably mounting a roll of sheet material from
which the supply thereof to be fed to said cutter
and backing roll is withdrawn, means for rotat 10
ably mounting a roll of binding strip material
from which the supply thereof to be applied to
said sheet material is withdrawn, said fe'ed rolls
operating to withdraw said sheet and binding
materials from the supply rolls thereof and 15
source of supply thereof and to simultaneously
thence pass the same through said binding cut
withdraw binding material from a source of sup
ter and backing rolls, said feed rolls and said out
ter and backing rolls having means at their upper
ply thereof for movement through said applying
means and thereupon to advance the bound ma
terial for movement between said cutter and
backing rolls, a pair of cooperative rotatable
crimping rolls between which the fringed mate—
rial is passed to transversely crinkle the fringe
elements, means for driving said cutter and back
25 ing rolls, feed rolls and crimping rolls, said feed
end portions to positively engage the bound mar
ginal portions of the sheet material with for 20
wardly propelling effect upon the material, and
means for rotating said cutter and backing rolls
and said feed rolls.
12. In a machine for the purposes described
and as de?ned in claim 10, a pair of vertically 25
rolls, cutter and backing rolls and crimping rolls
disposed cooperating crimping rolls beyond said
having means to positively engage the bound
marginal portion of said sheet material with for
wardly propelling effect upon the material, and
cutter and backing rolls, one of said crimping
rolls being journaled in adjustable bearing means
mounted on said frame plates subject to adjust
ment to the other crimping roll, and means for
rotating said crimping rolls.
30 means for supplying a run of flexible cord for
extension through and envelopment in the bight
of the binding material as the latter is applied to
said sheet material.
10. In a machine for the purposes described, a
35 frame including bottom and top plates, a verti
cally disposed cutter roll journaled in and be
tween said frame plates,
backing roll cooper
ative with said cutter roll, adjustable bearing
40
cutter and backing rolls, one of said feed rolls
being journaled in adjustable bearing means
mounted on said frame plates subject to adjust
13. In a machine for the purposes described
and as de?ned in claim 11, a pair of vertically
disposed cooperating crimping rolls beyond said
cutter and backing rolls, one of said crimping
rolls being journaled in adjustable bearing means
mounted on said frame plates subject to adjust
ment to the other crimping roll, said crimping
means mounted on said frame plates for jour
rolls also having means at their upper end por
naling said backing roll subject to adjustment to
said cutter roll, said cutter roll having spaced
radially projecting knifedike cutting elements
extending lengthwise thereof, a pair of vertically
disposed cooperating feed rolls in advance of said
tions to positively engage the bound marginal
portions of the sheet material with forwardly
propelling effect upon the material, and means
cutter and backing rolls, one of said feed rolls
being journaled in adjustable bearing means
mounted on said frame plates subject to adjust
ment to the other feed roll, means to fold and
apply a binding strip about the upper longitudi
nal marginal portion of sheet material to be fed
tosaid cutter and backing rolls, means for ro
tatably mounting a roll of sheet material from
which the supply thereof to be fed to said cutter
and backing roll is withdrawn, means for ro
tatably mounting a roll of binding strip material
from which the supply thereof to be applied to
said sheet material is withdrawn, said feed rolls
for rotating said crimping rolls.
ii. In a machine for the purposes described
and as defined in claim 10, means for rotatably
mounting a spool of ?exible cord from which a
run thereof may be withdrawn, and means to
guide said run of cord beneath and in alignment
with the inwardly moving binding material for
extension through and envelopment in the bight
of the binding material as the latter is applied
to said sheet material.
15. In a machine for the purposes described, a
rame including bottom and top plates, a verti
cally disposed cutter roll journaled in and be—
tween said frame plates, a backing roll cooper
ative with said cutter roll, adjustable bearing
operating to withdraw said sheet and binding
materials from the supply rolls thereof and
means mounted on said frame plates for journal
thence to pass the same through said binding
applying means and thereupon to feed the same
between said cutter and backing rolls, and means
for rotating said cutter and backing rolls and
said feed rolls.
said cutter roll, said cutter roll having spaced ra
dially projecting knife-like cutting elements ex
11. In a machine for the purposes described, a
frame including bottom and top plates, a verti
cally disposed cutter roll journaled in and be
tween said frame plates, a backing roll cooper—
ative with said cutter roll, adjustable bearing
70 means mounted on said frame plates for jour
naling said backing roll subject to adjustment to
said cutter roll, said cutter roll having spaced ra
dially projecting knife-like cutting elements ex
tending lengthwise thereof, a pair of vertically
disposed cooperating feed rolls in advance of said
ing said backing roll subject to adjustment to
tending somewhat obliquely lengthwise thereof,
a pair of vertically disposed cooperating feed rolls
in advance of said cutter and backing rolls, one of
said feed rolls being journaled in adjustable bear
ing means mounted on said frame plates subject
to adjustment to the other feed roll, means to
fold and apply a binding strip about the upper
longitudinal marginal portion of sheet material
to be fed to said cutter and backing rolls, means 70
for rotatably mounting a roll of sheet material
from which the supply thereof to be fed to said
cutter and backing rolls is withdrawn, means for
rotatably mounting a roll of binding strip mate
rial from which the supply thereof to be applied
2,116,577
to said sheet material is withdrawn, means for
rotatably mounting a spool of ?exible cord from
which a run thereof may be withdrawn, means
to guide said run of cord beneath and in align
ment with the inwardly moving binding mate
rial for extension through and envelopment in
the bight of the binding material as the latter
is applied to the‘ sheet material, said feed rolls op
erating to withdraw the materials from the sup
l0. plies thereof and thence to pass the same through
said binding applying means and thereupon to
feed the same between said cutter and backing
rolls, a pair of vertically disposed cooperating
crimping ro1ls beyond said cutter and backing
15 rolls, one of said crimping rolls being journaled
7
means to fold and apply a binding strip about
the upper longitudinal marginal portion of sheet
material to be fed to said cutter and backing
rolls, means for rotatably mounting a roll of
sheet material from which the supply thereof to
be fed to said cutter and backing rolls is with
drawn, means for rotatably mounting a roll of
binding strip material from which the supply
thereof to be applied to said sheet material is
withdrawn, means for rotatably mounting a spool 10
of ?exible cord from which a run thereof may be
withdrawn, means to guide said run of cord be
neath and in alignment with the inwardly mov-
ing binding material for extension through and
envelopment in the bight of the binding material 15
as the latter is applied‘to the sheet material,
,said
rolls operating to withdraw the mate
frame plates subject to adjustment to the other rials feed
from the supplies thereof and thence to pass
crimping roll, and means for rotating said out
the same through said binding applying means
ter and backing rolls, said feed rolls and crimp
and thereupon to feed the same between said 20
ing rolls.
16. In a machine for the purposes described, a cutter and backing rolls, a pair of vertically dis
posed cooperating crimping rolls beyond said out
frame including bottom and top plates, a verti
ter and backing rolls, one of said crimping rolls
cally disposed cutter roll journaled in and be
being‘ journaled in adjustable bearing means
tween said frame plates, a backing roll cooper
25
ative with said cutter r011, adjustable bearing mounted on said frame plates subject to adjust
ment to the other crimping roll, and means for
means mounted on said frame plates for jour
naling said backing roll subject to adjustment to rotating said cutter and backing rolls, said feed
said cutter roll, said cutter roll having spaced ra
rolls and crimping rolls, said feed rolls, cutter
dially projecting knife-like cutting elements ex
and backing rolls and crimping rolls having 30
tending somewhat obliquely lengthwise thereof, means at their upper end portions to positively
a pair of vertically disposed cooperating feed rolls engage the bound marginal portions of the sheet
in advance of said cutter and backing rolls, one material with forwardly propelling effect upon
of said feed rolls being journaled in adjustable
‘
bearing means mounted on said frame plates the material.
ERIC M. ILSEMANN.
subject
to
adjustment
to
the
other
feed
roll,
35
in adjustable bearing means mounted on said
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