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Патент USA US2116676

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May 10, .1938.
- w. H. FRANK Er' AL?
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
Filed Dec._ 4,. 1936
2,116,676
2. Sheeté-Sheeft. -1
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' May 10, 1938.
2,1 16,576
W. H. FRANK ET AL
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
Filed Dec. 4, 1936
2 shag-sheet 2
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4-4"
2,116,676
Patented May 10, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENTIIOFFICE.
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
William R. Frank and Lawrence E. Fisher,
Detroit, Mich.
'
-
Application December 4, 1936, Serial No. 114,261
' 4 Claims.
This application relates to electrical distribu
tion systems of the bus duct typei comprising
duct or casing in which are disposedand suit
ably supported electrical conductors such as bus
5 bars.
In a prior patent, No. 2,041,675 of May 19, 1936,’
thereisdisclosed a bus duct distribution sys
tem similar'to the one hereof and similarly pro
vided wittsopenings in the duct through which
(01. sir-s)
and consequently cause arcs to stop at the in
sulators, resulting in burning at such insulators,
and in some cases causing arcs to be formed in ,
neighboring cells due to the fact that gases aris
ing on arcing in a cell would flow past the sup- 5
port into the next, cell and create new arcs in
' such other cell.
In this application there is disclosed bus sup
porting means designed to permit free coursing
of arcs along the duct. Further, there is here 10
shown a dissipating center for arcs coursing in
duct.
lishing connections\between them and the ter
In‘ this application there is also shown a bus
minals of the branch \circuit take-01f devices.
In that patent there is shown as an arrangement supporting arrangement so designed as not to
15 for supporting the bus bars within the duct in minify the conductive or exposed surface area of 15
an insulated manner, transverse\ plates 26 of - the bus bars, which is of importance in consider
insulation which are so. proportioned as to divide ing factors like expansion and contraction of
the duct into cells, and a substantially close fit bus bars, heat dissipation by bus bars, etc.
In this application there is also shown a bus
was provided between the bus bars and the
,0 slots of the plates through which these passed,‘ a supporting construction which functions to help 20
and a similar close ?t was provided to insure the inextinguishing arcs that might arise in the duct.
For an understanding of the supporting means
cells being sealed from one another to a substan
l0 may be inserted prongs of branch circuit take
off devices for engaging the bus bars and estab
tial
degree.
'
'
.
» Now, it has been discovered that in the use of
25 the duct illustrated in Patent No. 2,041,675 there
occurred some few instances of burning'of duct
due to arcs formed incident to electrical surges,
leakage, loose connections. insulation break
downs, and other causes and it was further dis
30 covered that this burning of duct was due to
the fact that the barriers 28 operated to prevent
thelfree. travel of arcs along the bus bars and
that the thus con?ned arcs burned the duct or
casing at points near where the arcs were formed.
,35 After considerable study, it was discovered that
'burning of duct due to arcs could be eliminated
here shown, and the dissipating center here
shown, reference should be had to the appended
drawings. In these drawings,
Fig. 1 shows a ‘duct in cross section provided
with an arrangement ‘for supporting bus bars;
Figs. 2 and 2a are sections on lines 2-2 and
211-211, Figs. 1 and 2. ,
'
Fig. 3 shows a dissipating center for bus duct; 30
Fig. 4 is a section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
-
In the arrangement of Figs. 1-2a, metal plates
20 are shown as welded to the duct?“ at-Jongi-g I
‘
tudinallyspaced intervals not too close to the_
openings, not shown, through which prongs may 35
‘be inserted into the duct for engagement with
the bus bars 22 which are apertured to permit
and prevented by so designing thebus bar sup
ports that they permitted the arcs formed to’ an insulation tube 22 to be passed therethrough
~
run the full length of the duct freely and ‘quickly and have its ends received between the outward40 and without interference to a point where they ly bent lugs 24 of the metal plates 20 whereby the in
could be dissipated safely, reliance being placed tubes will be supported from the duct and will
upon magnetic force created by the current in be prevented from shifting up and down in the ‘
the bus bars to cause the arc to travel 'quickly duct, it being observed that longitudinal shift
ing of the tubes and the bus bars, to compensate
along the duct to the dissipating center.
46
It was discovered‘ihat as long as the arc was for misalignment, manufacturing tolerance, and 45
permitted to travel freely and rapidly along the expansion due to temperature rises is permitted
bus bars, no damage to the duct would occur, to some extent, with the parts restrained against
excessive shifting by lugs. 23 bent outwardly from
provided a suitable dissipating center was pro
the metal plates 20. The edges of the holes of
vided for the arcs which course the duct. How
80 ever, as stated above, when an obstruction to the bus bars through which pass the tubes 28 are 60,
the coursing of the. arc existed, suil’icientv to stop extruded or ?anged as shown at 28 to provide
the arc, the are burned the ductand in some the bus bars with their original or full cross sec
tions for current carrying purposes and to form
instances the bus bars as well.
,
~
For example, the insulators shown at 26 of suitable bearings for the bus bars and tubes, and’
Patent ‘No. 2,041,675 provide such obstructions
between the busgbars and telescoped around the
2
2,110,076
tubes 23 there are spacer tubes 21 arranged as
shown.
The arrangement here shown has been found
satisfactory for supporting bus bars in duct and
5 has also‘ been found to permit free coursing of
arcs in duct;
I
Fig. 3 shows a dissipating center which com
prises a sheet metal cap 60 formed to cap the
open end of a duct run GI. and lined with insula
10 tion 62 and having its end wall, closing the duct,
of foraminous material such as the screen .63
indicated. Arcs coursing along the duct reach
the ?ared terminals 64 of the bus bars 65 and are
there dissipated within the cap, and venting of
15 the gases due to dissipating of such arcs is pro
vided ‘through the screen, which acts as a ?ame
arrester and prevents the arcs from shooting
?ames out of the duct, while at the same time
extinguishing such ?ames.
20
,
To enhance the dissipating characteristics of
the dissipating center the cap might be stuffed
with ?nely ‘divided insulation such as rock wool,
glass wool, etc.
-
Other arrangements differing in detail from
25 those here shown might well be designed and
these are considered within the purview of this
application, the scope of whose protection is in
dicated by the appended claims.
We claim:
3o
2. In combination, sheet metal bus duct, bus
bars therein, and means for insulatedly support
ing the bus bars, said means being so constructed
and arranged as not to prevent arcs within the
duct from coursing freely therethrough along the 5
bus bars, and an arc dissipating center for the
duct comprising a duct portion in which the bus
bars terminate in ?ared portions, like horn gaps,
the duct portion portion having a foraminous
?ame arresting and venting wall.
in
3. In combination, sheet metal bus duct, bus
bars therein, and means for insulatedly support
ing the bus bars, said means being so constructed
and arranged as not to prevent arcs within the
duct from coursing freely therethrough along the
resting and venting wall, the duct portion being 20
?lled with ?nely divided insulating material.
4. In combination, sheet metal bus duct, bus
bars therein, means for insulatedly supporting
the bus bars, said means being so constructed
and arranged as not to prevent arcs within the 9:,
duct from coursing freely therethrough along the
bus bars, and means formed as part of the duct‘
and providing an arc dissipating center therein,
_
.
-5
bus bars, and an arc dissipating center for the
duct comprising‘ a duct portion in which the bus
bars terminate in ?ared portions, like horn gaps,
the duct portion having a foraminous ?ame ar
_/ '
1. In combination, sheet metal bus duct, bus
bars therein, means for insulatedly supporting the
the arc dissipating center being so formed tha,t/"
arcs existing therein are dissipated withoutcx‘e- 3n
ating damage or injury to the duct or any/parts
bus bars, said means being so constructed and
arranged as not to prevent arcs within the duct
therein or associated therewith.
from coursing freely therethrough along the bus
35 bars, and means formed as part of the duct and
providing an arc dissipating center therein.
"
'
WILLA_M~H‘.I'FRANK.
LAW/RENCE E. FISHER.
35
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