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Патент USA US2116938

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May 10, 1938.
w. P. wHvn-E
2,1 16,938
‘Filed Jan. 2. 195e
Patented Mayl 1o, 1938
' William P. White, Glencoe, Ill., assignor to White
Cap Company, Chicago, lll., a corporation of'
Application January 2, 1936, Serial No. 57,119
6 Claims. _ (Cl. 215-7)
'This invention relates generally to packaging,
and pertains particularly to an improved package
and closure therefor, adapted for the packaging
of liquids and other commodities.
A primary object of_ the invention is the pro
a closure of the construction illustrated in Fig. 1
secured thereto;
Fig. 6 is a sectional elevation corresponding to
Fig. 5 and showing the relationship of the closure
and container after the former has been detached 5
'from the latter as in process of being removed
or stopper, of tamper-proof character, in that the from or replaced on the container; and
Fig. '1 is a sectional elevation of a modified form
stopper or closure cannot be removed without
vision of a package having a removable closure
showing plainly that it has been, and certain fea
i) tures of the closure are permanently destroyed
incident to lts'remeval, thereby preventing its
re-use in the original condition, although per
mitting the continued use of the closure as an
effective stopper for the container.
Another object is the provision of such a closure
which will form an hermetic seal on an appro
priate container, and which is not subject to
of closure embodying the invention.
For the packaging of liquors or other commod- 10
ities it is frequently desirable to employ a pack
age of such character that it may be immediately
ascertained whether or not it has been opened.
It is quite desirable that the closure or stopper
for the container be of such character that it may 15
be continued in use, after its initial removal, to
form an eiîective closure for the container, and
deterioration with age or from contact with the
that it be susceptible of subsequent re-application
packaged material.
and removal to permit dispensing of portions of
Yet another object is the provision of such a
closure which may be manufactured economi
cally, applied to the container with facility, and
removedv without requiring the use of a special
the packaged contents from time to time. Here
tofore various devices _intended to serve this pur
pose have been provided, same including a stop
velops the cork and is secured to the container,
lYet another object is the provision of such a
closure which is neat and ornamental in appear
ance and which may bemanipulated with facility
such sheath being severable more or less readily 25
' in removing it from and re-applying it to the
Other and further objects will be pointedV out
or indicated hereinafter, or will be apparent upon
an understanding _of the invention òr its employ
ment in use.
per, of cork or the like, and a sheath which en
to permit access to the stopper for removal there
Such devices do not adequately fulfill their `~
purpose due to the fact that the sheaths are of '
relatively simple character and separable from
the stopper, thus permitting the package to be 30
restored to its original and unopened appearance
simply by the application of a new sheath to the
container and the original stopper.
The present invention provides a closure in
which the sealing element is of distinctive char- 35
acter and is permanently a part of the sheath
For the purpose of making clear the nature of
the invention, I showin the accompanying draw
ing forming a part of this specification, and here
inafter describe, one form of closure cap embody , which has to be mutilated in the opening of_ the
ing the invention, but it is to be understood,`how- package in the first instance. Thus the closure
ever. that this is presented merely for purpose is entirely incapacitated for re-application to the
container in simulation of the original unopened 40
40 of illustration and that the invention may be
availed of in other and modified forms Without condition of the package, although it may be con
departing from the scope of the appended claims. tinued in use as an effective closure Afor the con
In said drawing
Fig. l is an elevational view, partly in section, The nature of the invention will be more fully
illustrating a closure cap adapted for use on a. ascertained from a. detailed understanding of the 45
bottle or the like;
Fig. 2 is a bottom view of same;
Fig. 3 is anA elevational view, partly in section,
of la sealing cap'constituting an element of the
structure illustrated inFig. l;
Fig. 4 is a bottom view of a, holding member
constituting'an element of the structure illus
trated in Fig. l;
Fig. 5 is a sectional elevation of the upper por
tion of a package comprising a container with
embodiment illustrated in the drawing,4 which
will lnow be described.
As seen in Fig. 1, the closure comprises a
sheath member l0, a sealing closure I|._having a
sleeve gasket I2 therein, and a holding member 50
i4. The sealing closure, which is illustrated in
Fig. 3, comprises a cap or shell formedof a suit
ably strong resilient sheet metal having an inte
rior coating of a suitable lacquer or other mate
rial -which will effectively resist the action of the 56
2,1 16,935
material which is to be packaged. This shell has
a top pmel I5, which is domed upwardly in its
central part, and a peripheral skirt or flange por
tion depending from the top panel, the lower
portion I6 of said skirt or ñange ñaring outwardly
and the upper portion I1 belngsubstantially cy
tion to an appropriate container, to form the
lindrical or otherwise formed on a smaller diam
a diameter somewhat smaller than the internal'
diameter of the holding portion I1 and the flange
eter than the flaring portion I6. The lower mar
glnal portion of the skirt is turned inwardly to
10 form a, flange I8 which covers the lower edge of
the gasket I2.
The gasket I2 is of sleeve form and is made of
a suitable soft but strongly elastic material, such
as rubber. It is held under circumferential con
striction or compression by the skirt of the shell,
so that it conforms to the contour thereof in the
The container 29, which may be a bottle or
other suitable vessel, has at its mouth a rigid
annular wall formed with a substantially cylin
drical peripheral sealing surface 30 which is ofV
I8 of the sealing closure and the lower margin
of the gasket I2, but substantially larger than the 10
internal diameter of the balance of the constrict
’ed gasket I2. The container is also provided
with a peripheral ledge 3| which is of a diameter
such-as to ñt within the lower cylindrical portion
23 of the closure sheath. This ledge 3| is spaced 15
from the mouth rim of the container by a dis
flaring portion IB, extending somewhat above the
tance which slightly exceeds the depth of the seal
lower limit ofthe holding portion I1 but having
ing closure skirt.
lts upper margin spaced from .the top panel I5.
'I'he sheath I0 is formed of a softer or more
readily severable material such as light sheet
aluminum. vIt is considerably deeper than the
complete' package.
shell of the sealing closure I I and is of internal
diameter such as to receive the same sn'ugly. It
has a top portion 20 from which depends an an
nular skirt, said skirt being formed with -flutes
2| which extend for theÍ greater portion of its
depth from-the top portion, leaving the lower
portion 23 in cylindrical form. The inwardly
30 offset portions of said flutes terminate at sloping
surfaces 22'which are inclined inwardly and up
wardly at the same angle as the flaring portion
IG of the sealing closure.
After the container has received its contents
the-closure is placed upon its mouth, the mouth 20
rim entering slightly within the lowermost flaring
portion of the gasket I2.
Downward pressure is ,
then applied to the top of the closure, forcing it
to seated positionl on the container, in which
position the lower limit of thc sealing closure 25
shell is slightly above the ledge 3| and the top
panel I5 is in contact with the mouth rim of
the container, as seen in Fig. 5. In this forcing
of the closure to seated position, the- pressure ap
plied to the top of the sheath is transmitted di 30
rectly to the top of the sealing closure shell, and
also, through the medium of the flutes 2|, to the
flaring portion I 6 of the sealing closure shell.
size such as to be received within the sheath I0,
The downward movement of the closure relative
to the container causes a wedging action to be 35
exerted upon the elastic gasket, causing it to be
and is provided with projections 24 adapted to
interengage with portions of the ñutes 2|, where
by the member I4 is held against rotation within
the sheath. Preliminary to insertion of the hold
elongated upwardly along the holding portion
I1 and placing it under high compression be
tween said portion and the sealing surface 3l
of the container. Thus a strong hermetic seal is 40
lng member into the sheath, a drop of solder 25
is applied to the central portion of its under
In assembling the closure from the parts above
formed between the container and the closure.
Such seating of the closure upon the container
brings the lower margin of the sheath skirt to a
described, the sheath is placed in >inverted posi
and the lower portion of the sheath skirt is then 45
spun or flanged inwardly under the ledge, thus
The holding member I4 is in the form of a ñat
metal plate of generally circular outline and of
tion, the holding member I4 is inserted into the
sheath so that it comes to rest against the inner
surface of the sheath top, and the sealing closure
II is then inserted into the sheath until its domed
top portion comes into contact with the drop of
solder 25. Heat is then applied to the domed
portion over the drop of solder, fusing the latter
and soldering the sealing closure shell to the
holding member I4.
The sheath is then subjected to a punching or
slotting operation by which portions of its skirt
adjacent the marginal flange I8 of the. sealing
position somewhat 'below the peripheral ledge 3|,
locking the closure to the container. The pack
age is thus hermetically sealed and cannot be
opened without obvious mutilation.
In order to open the package,. the narrow
strands 28 are severed, as with a knife or other
thin object, Since these strands occupy a posi
tion between flange I8 and the ledge 3|, the sev
ering of them is easily accomplished by inward
pressure, and the severed margins are bent in
wardly against the upper surface of the ledge 3| _
and the lower surface of the ñange I8, as seen
closure shell are partially severed and bent in lin Fig. 6. After the strands 28 are severed, the
wardly against and across said ñange I8, form
package may be opened by giving the closure a
(Ei) ing retaining elements 26 which serve to clamp
rotary and upward movement. The removal
the sealing closure securely and permanently in may be assisted, if need be, by prying upwardly
‘ the sheathing member, with the flaring portion on the flange I8, using the ledge 3| as a fulcrum
I8 ln abutment with the sloping portions 22 and for the prying object.
the holding member I4 in abutment with the
sheath top 20.
After having been thus removed, the sealing
'I‘his forms in the skirt of the sheath a series4 'closure remains permanently'connected with the
of apertures 21 running circumferentially thereof sheath, and may be re-applied by pressing it down
at an appropriate distance above its lower mar
gin. Said apertures are separated by narrow
strands 28 of the sheath metal, which strands con
stitute the sole remaining connection between the
cylindrical lower portion of the sheath skirt and
the ñuted upper portion in which the sealing
closure is ipermanently secured.
The closure is thus in condition for applica
' onto the mouth of the container, where the com
pression of the gasket holds it securely in place.
Re-application and subsequent removal of the
closure are facilitated by giving it a rotary move
ment, and this manipulation is facilitated by the
depth and iluting of the sheath. In such opera
tion the sealing closure is positively held against
rotation in the sheath due to the interengagement
of the holding member I 4 with the flutes of the
In the modiñed form of closure shown in Fig. 7
the sheath is designated generally by the refer
ence numeral I0'. The sheath skirt is originally
formed with two outside diameters, the upper
portion of the sheath skirt being formed with the
inwardly oifset ilutings 2l' as above described,
and the lower portion originally being on a
K10 larger radius as shown in dotted lines at 23' and
being united with the upper portion by an annu
engaging the skirt of the sealing cap to retain
the latter permanently in the sheath, said sheath
skirt also being formed with inwardly oiïset flut
ings extending from its top portion downwardly
into overlying engagement with the outwardly
extending portion of the cap skirt, the .lower
portion of the sheath skirt being adapted to be
telescoped onto and bent into retentive engage
ment with a container, said lower portion of the
sheath skirt being connected with the balance 10
thereof by narrow readily severable portions
lar oiîset portion 3|. At its lower margin the
skirt of thesealing cap is formed with an‘out
wardly extending fold 32 of a diameter such as to
15 be received within the lower portion 23' of the
spaced from one another circumferentially of the
Ill aligns with the upper skirt portion Ila of the
sealing cap, forming a strut through which down
Ward pressure may be transmitted from the top
of the sheath to the sealing cap.v The iiange l0
is provided with the outwardly extending pro
jections 24' which engage between the flutingsv 2|
of the sheath, for the purpose above described,
narrow severable portions spaced from one an
other circumferentially of the sheath, and a hold
ing member iixedly connected with the sealing
2. A closure for packing containers comprising,
in combination, a sealing closure having a top 15
skirt and bear upon the oiïset portion 3| when _ portion and a downwardly extending sealing ele
the top of the sealing cap isy in abutment with ment of elastic sealing material, a sheath hous
the holding member I4'.
ing said sealing closure, said sheath including a
In the form shown in this figure, the top of the depending peripheral skirt having inwardly ex
20 sealing cap is iiat, not domed as in the form above tending portions engaging the sealing closure to
described, and the holding member is dished so retain it in the sheath, a lower portion of said
that the central portion will abut the ilat top of sheath skirt being adapted to be telescoped onto
the sealing cap when the upper margin of the and bent into retentive engagement with a pack
peripheral ñang'e 40 of the holding member is in ing container, said lower portion of the sheath
25 abutment with the top of the sheath. Thus ñange skirt being connected to‘the balance thereof by. 254
' and the holding member is iixedly secured to the
sealing cap as above described; It will be ap
35 parent that this dat-topped form of sealing cap
and dished holding member may be used in the
form of sheath illustrated in Fig. 1.
After the sealing cap has thus been positioned
in the sheath, the lower portion 23' of the latter
is bent inwardly under the outwardly extending
fold 32 of the sealing cap to clamp the foldv against
the offset portion 3i. The lower portion 23' of
the sheath is retained in cylindrical form, as
shown in the full line position in Fig. 7, and is
a. punched at intervals, as above described, to form
the retaining elements 26' which are bent inward
ly into contact with the marginal flange I8’ of
the sealing cap. Such punching forms the nar
row severable elements as above described. This
0 modi?ed form of closure .is applied and añixed to
the container as above described, and is operable
for removal and re-application in the manner
above described.
What I claim js:
1. A closure for packing containers comprising,
in combination, a sheath having a top portion
and depending peripheral skirt, a sealln‘g cap
housed in the sheath and having a top portion
and aperlpheral skirt depending therefrom, which
60 cap skirt has an outwardly projecting portion,
said sheath having inwardly projecting portions
closure and having engagement with the sheath '
effective to prevent rotation of the sheath rela 30
tive to the sealing closure.
3. A closure as speciñed in claim 2 and wherein
the sheath skirt has inwardly oiîset portions and
said holding member‘has interfitting engagement
with said olîset portions.
4. A closure for packing containers compris
ing, in combination, a sealing cap having a top
portion and depending peripheral skirt, a sheath
housing said sealing cap and including a periph
eral skirt having inwardly bent portions engaging
under the lower margin of said cap skirt to re 40
tain said sealing cap permanently in the sheath,
said sheath having inwardly offset portions above
said inwardly bent portions, and a holding mem
ber iixedly connected with the sealing cap and
engaging said inwardly offset portions of the
sheath to hold the sheath against rotation relative
to the sealing cap.
5. A closure as specified in claim 4 and wherein
the holding member is of dished form and is in- r
terposed between the top of the sealing cap and
the top of the sheath and includes an annular
flange extending from the top of the sheath to
the top of the sealing cap for transmitting pres
sure from the former to the latter.
6. A closure as speciñed in claim 4 and wherein ` ‘
the holding member comprises a plate disposed"
in abutment with the top of the sheath, and the
top of the sealing cap is domed upwardly into
abutment with the holding member.
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