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Патент USA US2116955

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May 10, 1938.
2,1 16,955
‘ 1.. SPENCER
RAIL ANCHOR
Filed Oct. 5, 1937
/0
,
2 Sheets-Sheet l
’
‘Inventor
__Z; 68 ‘57a en‘eer
19m
A iiorneys
May 10, 1938.
_
|__ sPEN¢ER ~
RAIL ANCHOR
Filed Oct. 5, 1937
>
2,116,955
_
2 Sheets-Sheet 2‘
Inventor
Zeé spews” ‘
BJQMM‘L
$9M 19m
.4 iiorneys
‘ 2,116,955 5,
Patented May 10, 1938
Y .
uNiTE'osrA-Ti: s
PATENT OFFICE ‘
2,116,955
'
_
@ RAIL ANCHOR
’
Flushing, ‘N. Y.
_Lee;‘vSpenoer,
‘Application ‘October 5, 1937, Serial No. 167,449
.
‘
‘
'
'31 Claims.
(01. 233-322)
This invention ‘relates 1to an improved readily
applicable and removable‘antifcreeper rail at
tachment such as belongs ‘to‘that‘ subdivision of
rail fastenings‘ now commonly alluded ‘to as rail
anchors.
5
'
r,
l
‘
a
1"
‘
Moreover this part 9 is of a length to extend
beneath and beyond the longitudinal edges of the
base ?ange ll‘ of the rail l2. At one end it is
provided with an upstanding lug l3 engageable
with the‘adjacent edge, of, the base flange H as
shown to advantage ‘in Figure. 1. The opposite
As unmistakably implied by the‘ preceding in
end is formed into a returnbend as at M to pro
troductory statement, it is quite evident that‘ vide
a hook l5 whose bill extends well over and
many different styles and types of rail anchors
have been employed to guard against so-called
accidental longitudinal slippage of track rails
1 O on their supporting ties.
It follows, therefore,
that my primary aim is to provide a speci?cally
new anchor believed to be more aptly ?tted and
ef?cient for the purposes intended.
15
Admittedly, whatever novelty exists in anchors
of this type, is predicated primarily on the struc
tural re?nements and physical improvements.
Hence, I aim to generally improve upon those
devices known to me by providing one of unusual
simplicity and convenience, characterized by a
20 retaining element having means at opposite ends
for engagement with the base ?ange of the rail,
the means at one end being in the form of a hook,
designed to accommodate a detachable readily
2
renewable and adjustable cap constituting a re
liable detent or retaining thimble.
Other features and advantages will become
more readily apparent from the following de
scription and drawings.
In the drawings, wherein like numerals are
3 O employed to designate like parts throughout the
views:
Figure 1 is a view showing, in section, a con
ventional railway rail or track supported on a
above the adjacent surface of the base ?ange H.
Now while the part 8 could be of some other
cross sectional form than shown it is preferable
that the terminal or bill of the hook l4 should
be polygonal in cross sectional form in order
to satisfactorily accommodate the bonding cap
15
or thimble ‘I.
The retaining cap ‘I for the anchoring unit 6
is shown to advantage in Figure 5 and as here in
dicated preferably comprises a rectangular block.
Opening through one end thereof is a socket l6
of a cross-sectional dimension and design corre
sponding to the adapter shank or bill IS. The
socket, it will be observed, is off center. That
0
is to say, its longitudinal axis with respect to the
longitudinal axis of the block 1 as a single body,
is so disposed as to de?ne what may be called
four selectively usable retaining or binding sur
5
faces. These are distinguishably indicated by
the numerals l1, l8, l9, and 20. These surfaces
are progressively spaced away from the axis of
the socket, the surface I‘! being the closer one, 30
the surface 20 being the remote one, and the
other two being intermediate in proper progres
sive order. Consequently, this part 1 may be
applied to bring any one of the four surfaces into
resting or binding contact with the upper beveled 35
side of the rail ?ange II in a position seen in
Figures 1 and 2.
It is to be further observed that the anchor
Figure 2 is an end view of Figure 1, that is a
View observing same in a direction from left to retaining cap or thimble ‘l is readily detachable 40
and applicable and is also renewable. The unit
40 right.
6 is built for longevity. The part ‘I is susceptible
Figure 3 is a view detailing in section, the so
of renewal if and when unduly worn. As a gen
called detachable adjustable capping thimble. ‘
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the especially eral proposition when one surface becomes worn
it can be bodily turned in an axial direction to 45
bent and designed anchoring element.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the improved bring one of the thicker surfaces into position
45
retaining cap or thimble.
to compensate for such wear.
‘
Reference being had to Figure 4 it will be ob
There are many other commercial features and
served here that the anchor per se is denoted by advantages found to exist in this device from the
the numeral 6 while the thimble or detent cap viewpoint of those familiar with railroad appli
is diiferentiated by the numeral 1.
ances and accessories. It is unnecessary however
The part 6 comprises a bar of appropriate
to
enumerate these here.
length which is preferably rectangular in cross
It is thought that the description taken in
sectional form. The body portion 8 has a cen
connection with the drawings will enable a clear
tral depending bend as at 9 which in practice de
understanding of theinvention to be had. There 55
55 pends alongside of the conventional cross-tie l0.
conventional tie and further illustrating the im
35 proved anti-creeping anchor as perfected in ac
cordance with my improved idea.
.41
2,116,955
fore, a more lengthy description is thought un
at one end with an upstanding lug to abut one
necessary.
longitudinal edge of the base ?ange of the rail,
the opposite end of said member being provided
with a hook, the bill portion of said hook being
While the preferred embodiment of the inven
tion has been shown and described, it is to be
understood that minor changes coming Within the
?eld of invention claimed may be resorted to if
desired.
I claim:
1. A rail anchor of the class described compris
10 ing a longitudinally elongated bar provided with
an upstanding lug at one end, and an inturned
adapted to overlie said base ?ange and being
polygonal in cross sectional form, and a bodily
detachable block-like cap slidably mounted on
said bill, said cap having selectively usable ?at
sides for binding frictional contact with the ad
jacent face of the base ?ange of the rail and 10
being further provided with an off-set socket for
hook at the opposite end, the bill of said hook
reception of said bill.
overlying the body portion and being polygonal
3. A rail anchor of the class described compris
ing an attaching member adapted to underlie and
in cross sectional form, and a cap including a
15 correspondingly proportioned and shaped polyg
partially embrace the base ?ange of a conven 15
tional rail, said member being provided at one
said cap being rectangular in cross sectional form end with ?ange contacting and retention means,
and presenting a plurality of selectively usable " the opposite end thereof being formed into a
?at sides for binding frictional contact with the hook having a bill portion polygonal in cross sec
20 adjacent surface of the base ?ange of the rail, tional shape adapted to overlie the adjacent top 20
surface of said basev ?ange, and a. cap having
and the socket in said cap being off-set with re
lation to the longitudinal axis of the cap to per
selectively usable flat faces for frictional binding
mit the distances of said ?at binding surfaces contact with the adjacent face of the base ?ange,
to be varied and regulated with respect to the said cap being formed with an axially o?-set
25 longitudinal axis of the bill of the hook.
socket for slidable and non-rotatable connection 25
with said polygonal bill.
2. A rail anchor of the class described compris
ing a longitudinally elongated member provided
‘
- LEE SPENCER.
onal socket receiving the bill portion of said'hook,
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