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Патент USA US2117000

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May 10, 1938.
_
`
HGIDDINGS
2,117,000`
CAR VENTILATOR
Filedl Dec. 21, 193e
ATTORNEYS.
l
2,117,000
Patented May 10, 19:38
PATENT ori-fics
UNITED AsTATizls
2,117,000
_
can vEN'rrLA'ron
Y
Horace Glddings, San Francisco, Calif.
Application December s1. lssa'sernl N0. 116,858
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(o1. ss-m‘ y
'I‘he present invention relates to ventilators suitable louvres I8 in its sides to permit air to
adapted for installation in the roofs of enclosed .passlnto the interior of the car. The bOtÈQm'
vehicles, especially freight cars and refrigerator » I9 of the housing slopes downwardly toward the
end wall l and is provided with a drain pipe 2l
i
The objects of the invention are to provides. to carry oiï any rain water which may enter4
....„lentilator which can beclosed tightly to pre-ß through the hatch. Water is thus prevented
vent loss of heat from the interior of the car; from reaching the cargo space of the car, while '
which can be opened to varying degrees to per-_ air is freely admitted thereto through the
cars.
.
.
.
f
_
.Y mit the entrance of more or less outside air under
louvres
I8.
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-
`
Angle irons 2| are secured to the bottom of
0 the influence of the wind created by the car's
movement; which can be folded back upon the the plug lo along its side edges and are provided
car roof when wide open to prevent increasing with spaced loops 22 which serve as hinge sup
the total eiïective height of the car; and which - ports for side .wings or'deflectors 23 provided
10
will permit ventilation, and at the same time ' along their upper edges with holes through
5“ prevent rain water from entering the cargo space
of the car, and prevent pilfering', of the Ycargo
Ntherefrom. Other objects and advantages of the
`invention will become apparent from the follow
4 ing description which should be read with the
;0 understanding that the form„construction and
arrangement oi the several parts may be varied,
within the scope of the appendedV claims, with
:5
which said loops 22 are passed. The wings 23,
which are approximately triangular in shape,
hang vertically at the sides of the hatch i when
vthe cover is 'in Ventilating open position. as
shown in Fig.-1, and shut out ‘cross currents of'
air which would interfere with the main air cur 20
rent entering the ventilator. ‘A transverse de
ilecting plate 24, positioned betwe the wings
Aout departing from the spirit of the invention. 23, is hinged to the' upper rear edge o the nousReference will be made to the accompanying- ` ing I1, as shown at 25, and is provided at its
-upper edge with lugs adapted >to slide in chan
drawing, invwhich
»
-Fig. 1 is a longitudinal section of the ventilator nels 26 formed in the angle irons 2|. The plate
f' 2‘4 assists in deñecting the air into the housing
as installed in the roof of an insulated car.
Fig._ 2 is a transverse section taken' from the
right,'as viewed in Fig. 1 and showing the yen
10 tilator closed.
.
In the drawing, the reference numeral 3 desig-.
nates the roof of a car and 4 is one end wall
thereof. A hatch 5 is formed in the roof and'is
surrounded by the usual raised combing i. A
5 metal plate 1 is hinged at 8 to a bracket >9 se
cured to one side of the combing 6. A plug Il
I1, and prevents loss ‘of air through the space .
between the rear edge of the plug I0 and the
vcombing B.
.
When it is desired to open the ventilator wide, '
and to eliminate its wind catching features. the
cover 1 is swung back to lie ñat on the roof 3 of
the car. .In this position,” which is not shown in
the drawing, the wings 23 fold down lfiat upon 35
the plug I0, as will be readily understood from
of insulating material is secured to the under-` their -shape and hinge mountings. A chain 21
side of the plate or cover 1,'and when the latter extends across between the lower portions of said
is closed„as shown in Fig. 2, said plug III tits A Wings _and causes them automatically to fold
0 tightly within the hatch s andeljrectively seals . down when the cover 1 is thrown back ilat upon
- the opening against loss of heat from the in
terior of the car.
_
Avyoke or loop Il extends from the free edge
ofthe cover 1 and slides freely over a lever I2,4
5 the latter being hinged to the roof of the car at
I3, and provided with a plurality. of spaced holes
I4 which register with corresponding slots I5
in the sides of the loop Il. A hook I6 is adapt- '.
l) ed to engage the slots I5 and any one of the holes
I4 to hold the cover 1 in various open pomtions.
When _the cover is closed, the lever I2 lies down
closely thereover, as shown in dotted lines in
the'r‘oof, the weight of said chain pu°‘ing>said
wings inwardly. The lugs of the transverse
deiiector 24 slide out Ñfrom the open rear. ends of
the channels ,26 4when thecover is thrown back,
allowing said deflector to drop down‘and rest
within the rear portion oi.' the housing I1.
’
It will be seen from the foregoing description
that my device provides an adjustable ventilator
adapted to catch the wind caused by the motion
of the car and to conduct-the air impelled by
such wind into the interior’ of the car.
At the y
A metal box or housing~ I1 is secured inside
same time, the housing I1 prevents rain from
reaching the cargo space in the car„and prevents
pilfering of the cargo through the _hatch when
_the car under the hatch 5, and is provided with
the ventilator ls'open. Itwill also be olziserved`
Fig. l.
._
.
40
2
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f " 2,117,000
i that when the cover is thrown back filat upon the
10
being provided with openings to permit air to
car roof, the various wind'deñectors, both the . enter the vehicle, spaced wings extending down
wings 23 and the transverse plate 2G, fold down
wardly from said cover, said wings being received
wardly to retracted positions in which they are within said housing when the cover is closed and
protected from damage and do not increase the f forming side shields for thev space between said
Ktotal height of the car. Obviously,‘the cover ‘l cover and said hatch when said cover is in in
can be hinged to open either toward the end clined open position, and a movably mounted de
of the car or toward its center, the wind catch
iiector plate between said wings having its op
ing eHect being the same in either case.
posite edges positioned closely adjacent the under
I claim:
„
l. In a vehicle having a roof provided with a
hatch, a cover therefor, means for supporting
said cover in inclined open position to direct air
into said hatch, spaced wings extending from
15 said cover downwardly into‘said hatch, hinges
connecting said wings with said cover, and an
articulated connecting member extending be
tween said wings, said connecting member and
said hinges causing said wings automatically to
20 fold down> flat upon said cover when the latter
side of said cover and one side of said'housing re
spectively.
'
5. In a vehicle having a roof- provided wit
a hatch, a hinged cover therefor, means for sup- "
porting said cover in inclined open position to
direct air into said hatch, and a deiiector plate ll
movably connected with said cover and one side
of said hatch, said plate extending across said
hinge and assisting said cover to deiiect >aix'
downwardly into said hatch.
ì
6. In a vehicle having a roof provided with a
is inverted.'
hatch, a hinged cover therefor, meansv for sup
2. In a vehicle having a roof provided with a A porting said cover in inclined open position to
i hatch, a hinged cover therefor, means for sup
direct air into said hatch, a housing forming a
porting said cover in inclined open position to catch- basin for rain water entering through said
25 direct air into said hatch, a deiiector plate ex
hatch, said housing having a water drain lead
tending across the hinge of said cover within ing from its bottom and air openings in its walls, '
said hatch, a hinge connecting the lower edge of
said plate with one side oi' said hatch,- and a slid
ing connection between the upper _edge oi’ said
30 plate and said cover.
3. In a vehicle having a roof provided with a
hatch, a cover therefor, means forsupporting
said cover in inclined open position to direct air
into said hatch, spaced wings extending down
tween said wings, said connecting member caus
ing said wings to fold down fiat upon said cover
wardly from the sides of said coverinto said
hatch, and a transverse plate between said wings,
the lower edge of said plate being hinged to the
inside of said hatch and its upper edge being
slidably connected. with said cover, said wings
io and said plate- assisting said cover to direct air
rect air into said hatch, a pair of spaced wings
hinged to said cover and extending ,downwardly
into said hatch, a movably mounted deñectcr
„ into said hatch.
a pair oi’ spaced wings hinged to said cover and
extending downwardly into said housing, and an
articulated connecting member extending bei
when the latter is inverted.
`
7. In a vehicle having a roof provided with a
hatch, a hinged cover therefor, means for sup
porting said cover in inclined open position to di 35
plate extending across the hinge of said cover
and lying between said wings when the cover is 40
in inclined position, said plate 'moving out from
4. In a vehicle having a roof provided with av , between said wingswhen the cover is inverted
hatch, a cover therefor, means for supporting
said cover in an inclined open position to direct
445 air into said hatch, a housing positioned within
the vehicle, said housing forming a catch basin
for rain water entering through said hatch and
upon the roof ofthe vehicle, and means con
nected with said wings for causing them to fold
down flat upon said cover when the latter is 45
_ inverted.
lHORACE GIDDINGS.
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