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Патент USA US2117081

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May 10, 1938.
P. COPELAND ET AL
2,117,081
MODEL
Filed July '7, 1936
L
P‘mmENEL wePRamMmpm
BY
ATTORNEY.
Patented May 10, 1938
2,117,081
Q ;
UNITED ‘STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,117,081
MODEL
Peter 'Copeland‘and Lillian L. Greneken'New
York, N. Y.
Application July 7, 1936, :Serial No. 89,272
3 Claims.
This invention relates generally to display ?g
ures of the human body; but more speci?cally to
display heads or' dummies to exhibit articles of
dress and adornment and to exhibit qualities of
The main object of the invention resides in the
provision of a dummy-head which lends itself
to special mounting on display stands resulting
in a saving of space and facility of removal.
Another object of the invention resides in the
10
provision of a dummy-head of the above nature
which is capable of being water colored and which
at the same time produces interesting and at
tractive light and shade effects when illuminated
15 from the rear.
These objects and other incidental ends and
advantages of the invention will hereinafter be
set forth in the progress of the disclosure and as
pointed out in the appended claims.
Accompanying this speci?cation is a drawing
2O showing preferred forms of the invention and
wherein corresponding reference characters indi
cate corresponding parts throughout the several
views.
is preferably in a vertical plane, the said rear
edge “having a similar reinforcing element l2. ‘
5 make-up and head-dress.
25
edge of skull portion H in the form of a wire or
band. The rear’ edge of face portion ill] "is \dis
posed inwardly of the rear of skull portion H and
‘
In accordance with the drawing:
Figure 1 is a rear view in perspective of one type
of dummy-head being hollow and showing rein
forcing elements thereon.
Figure 2 is a forward view of Figure 1 in per
30 spective, part of the face showing patches of ma
terial adapted to receive water colors.
Figure 3 is a cross sectional view of Figure 1
along the plane 3—3 thereof.
Figure 4 is a rear View in perspective of a solid
35 or molded dummy-head partially in section show
ing a counterweight.
Figure 5 is a front view of Figure 4 in perspec
tive showing one form of a covering therefor.
Figures 6, 7 and 8 show some of the means of
4:0 mounting the dummy-head on a display plat
form.
In accordance with the invention and in ac
cordance with the preferred forms thereof shown
in the drawing, the dummy-head in Figures 1, 2,
45 and 3 is shown as being hollow and made up of
wire screening. Accordingly, the dummy-head is
comprised of a face portion l0 and a skull por
tion H suitably secured together‘. The face por
tion I9 is, provided with the usual anatomical
50 elements such as eyes, nose and mouth.
The
lower edge of the skull portion l l is above the bot
tom of face portion l0 and is preferably in the
horizontal plane in order to engage with the
upper ?at surface 2| of a display platform. A
55 reinforcing element I3 is secured to the lower
The planes of the lower edge of skull portion H
and the rear edge of face portion [0 meet at an
angle to form the engaging means for the posi
tioning thereof on the upper surface 12! ‘and the
vertical edge 22 ‘of the display platform. Rein
forcing element I2 is secured to face portion I 0 by
crimping the projecting edges of the face portion
it at the rear edges "thereof therearound, while
reinforcing element I3 is secured to skull portion
1 I at the lower edge thereof by similarly crimping
the projecting wires of skull portion ll there
around. The forward edges of skull po'rtion II
are crimped around the reinforcing element H
for securing the skull portion H to the face por
tion It]. Reinforcing element l3 at the ends
thereof is secured to reinforcing element 12 by
being hooked as shown in Figure 3.
Where the hollow durmny-head is not made up
of wire screening, but of composition, the head
10
16
and skull portion may be integrally formed or
molded so that it becomes necessary to provide a
reinforcing element for the rear edge of face
portion Ill only below the plane of the lower edge
of the skull portion I l.
The hollow dummy-head above described may 80
have its face portion covered with material which
is capable of receiving water colors for purposes
of enlivening the facial features. This covering
may assume the form of paper patches as shown
in Figure 2. It is, of course, understood that
any other substitute covering for paper patches
I5 is feasible, so long as the said covering will take
to water colors. The hollow dummy-head thus
far described is capable of producing interesting
and attractive light and shade effects when illu 40
minated from the rear, especially where the dum
my-head is made up of wire screening.
The skull portion of Figures 1, 2, and 3 may
be provided with a weight l4 preferably secured
along the surface thereof to bring the center of
gravity of the dummy-head more to the rear of
the skull region, so that when mounted, the head
will not fall off the platform.
Figures 4, 5, 6, '7, and 8 show a solid dummy~
head It molded in one piece and having a rear
angular cut-out illustrated by horizontal and
vertical ‘surfaces l8 and I9. l9’ indicates a
curved surface in place of a plane surface in order
to engage with a circular or rounded platform.
A
weight I‘! is secured within the skull portion I6
2
2,1 17,081
for counterbalancing purposes ‘so that the dum
my-head, when mounted on a platform, will not
tilt forward or lose its equilibrium. Dummy-head
I6 is provided with a similar covering, such as 20,
to permit application of water colors to the face
portion thereof. Figure 8 shows the dummy
head l6 mounted on an upright 23, the said up
right 23 engaging with a bore 24 therein.
The dummy-heads above described can be used
10 for exhibiting ladies’ and men’s hats, coiffure,
and the art of cosmeticians. The heads are
mountable on platforms of manifold shapes and
are designed to take up little space and to be easy
of removal.
15
We wish it understood that minor changes and
variations in the location and number of parts,
in the construction, integration, connection and
operation of the several parts, may all be resorted
to without departing from the spirit of the inven
20 tion and without departing from the scope of the
appended claims.
3.59
35
angle for the edge of said display platform, and
a weight member secured at the rear end of the
skull portion to serve as a counterbalance.
2. A display dummy~head adapted to be re
movably engaged with the edge of a display plat
form, comprising a skull portion and a face por
tion, the lower edges of the rear end of the skull
portion being substantially in a horizontal plane
above the bottom of the face portion, the rear
edges of the face portion being substantially in 10
a vertical plane and lying inwardly of the rear
end of the skull portion and meeting the lower
edges of the rear end of the skull portion to form
a seat portion whereby the head is supported
intermediate the top and bottom of the face por 15
tion in a substantially perpendicular engaging
angle for the edge of said display platform, and
patched covering material secured to the face
portion adapted to receive water colors thereon.
3. A display dummy-head adapted to be re 20
movably engaged with the edge of a display plat
_ We claim:
‘
form, comprising a skull portion and a face por
. 1-. A display dummy-head adapted-to be re
tion, the lower edges of the rear end of the skull
movably engaged with the edge of a display plat
portion being substantially in a horizontal plane
form, comprising a skull portion and a face por
above the bottom of the face portion, the rear 25
tion, the lower edges of the rear end of the skull edges of the face portion being substantially in
portion being substantially in a horizontal plane ' a vertical plane and lying inwardly of the rear
above the bottom of the face portion, the rear end of the skull portion and meeting the lower
edges of the face portion being substantially in edges of the rear end of the skull portion to form
a vertical plane and lying inwardly of the rear a seat portion whereby the head is supported
end of the skull portion and meeting the lower intermediate the top and bottom of the face por~
edges of the rear end of the skull portion to form tion in a substantially perpendicular engaging
a. seat portion whereby the head is supported
angle for the edge of said display platform.
intermediate the top and bottom of the face por
PETER COPELAND.
tion in a substantially perpendicular engaging
35
LILLIAN L. GRENEKER.
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