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Патент USA US2117150

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May 1o, 193s.
H_ A, COCK
»
RAIL ANCHOR AND TIE PLATE
Filed NOV. 30, 1936
Il
‘
2,117,150
Patented May 10, 1938
2,117,150
A UNITED sTATEs
rATENT OFFICE
2,117,150
RAIL ANCHOR AND TIE` PLATE
Harry A. Cook, Winnebago. Nebr.
, Application November 30, 1936, SerìalNo. 113,521
2 claims.
The invention relates to tie plates and more
especially to combined rail anchors and tie plates.
One of the numerous troubles confronting rail
roads is the prevention ofthe runningor creep
Qi ing of the rails‘of a track whichcauses too much
expansion in some places and joints becoming too
tight in other places, even becoming so tight that
a rail Will .buckle in hot weather throwing the
track out of alignment and thus making it dan
gerous for the passage of trains and frequently
becoming tight enough on bridges to throw the
framework out of line.
The primary object of the present invention is
the provision of a plate of this character, Where
in the difiiculties above expressed will be relieved
in that the rails of a track will be successfully an
chored against running in either direction or
creeping and thereby eliminate kinks in the rails
where the spikes are loose and thus assuring
alignment irrespective of the size of the rails of
the track.
Another object of the invention is the provi
sion of a plate of this character, wherein the same
will be firmly held in place and the rail an
25 chored to avoid the creeping of the latter and
also the shifting of the plate when upon the tie
thereby giving greater life to the track and avoid
ing liability of the spreading of the rails and acci
dents incident thereto.
A further object of the invention is the provi
30
sion of a plate of this character, which is sim
ple in construction, thoroughly reliable and ef
fective in its operation, durable„and inexpensive
to manufacture and install.
With these and other objects in view, the in
vention consists in the features of construction,
combination and arrangement of parts as will be
hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in
the accompanying drawing, which discloses the
40 prefered embodiment of the invention and point
ed out in the claims hereunto appended.
In the accompanying drawing:
Figure l is a fragmentary top plan view of a
track rail and cross tie showing the combined rail
anchor and tie plate constructed in accordance
with the invention applied.
, Figure 2 is a sectional view on the line 2-2 of
Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 3 is a perspective view of the tie plate.
Figure 4 is a perspective View of one of the
wedge keys for use with the tie plate.
Similar reference characters indicate corre
sponding parts throughout the several Views in
the drawing.
Referring to the drawing in detail, A designates
(c1. 23a-_364) “ `
generally a portion .of a track rail and B .a por
tion of a tie, these bein-g conventional and as
usual the said rail fis made. fast to the tie by
spikes :I0 which in this instance ,are in associa
tion with a combined anchor and tie plate con- 5
stituting the present invention and hereinafter
fully described.
,
.
The plate constituting >the present invention
comprises a body section II having a flat bottom
face I2 while intermediate the opposite ends of 10
this plate at the top thereof is a rail base bear
ing I3 while upstanding from this body section
at opposite sides of the bearing I3 rise shoulders
I 4 and I5, respectively.
Formed between the bearing I3 and the shoul- 15
der I5 is a channel-like keyway I6 which has its
side walls I'I parallel with each other and uni
formly spaced with relation to one another
throughout the extent thereof. This keyway
opens through opposite edges of the body I I while 20
provided in the said body and intersecting the
shoulder I4 and the keyway I6 are spike holes
I8 and I 9, respectively, for accommodating the
spikes I 0 in fastening the plate body II super
imposed upon the tie B. These spikes when 2
driven through the holes I8 and I9 into the tie
B engage with the base 20 of the rail A for the
fastening of said rail in place and attached to the
tie B, the base 20 of the rail being seated upon
the bearing I3 of the plate body II as is clearly 30
shown in Figure 2 of the drawing.
Insertable in the keyway I 6 through opposite
ends thereof are reversely arranged wedge
shaped keys 2|, these having outer driving heads
22 and each is formed with a reduced ledge or 35
rib 23 at one longer side edge thereof to under
lie the base 20 of the rail A so that this base will
`have contact with the key at the shouldered side
24 thereof when driven into the way I6 thus
making secure the rail on the plate body II. 40
This rail at the edge opposite to that engaged by
the keys 2l will abut the shoulder I4, these keys
2l become wedged in the keyway I 6 when driv
en thereinto by wedging action against the
shoulder I5 and the base 20 of the rail next 45
thereto. The ledge 23 of the keys 2| prevents
the working upwardly of the said keys out of the
keyway I6 in the use thereof.
Each key 2I has formed therein a notch 25
opening through the other longer edge of the key 50
opposite the ledge 23 and this notch accommo
dates a spike Il! passed through the hole or open
ing I9 intersecting the keyway I6 and thus such
key will be held secure and fast by the said spike.
The plate body II with the use of the keys 2I 55
2
2,117,150
will anchor the rail A and the manner of attach
ment of the plate body I l to the tie B avoids any
possible creeping of the said rail and the kinking
of the rail with the result that the said rails will
5 be out of alignment or spread from each other.
By the use of the two keys 2| with the plate body
l I the rail can not creep in either direction longi
tudinally of the trackage.
Each key 2l from the opening 25 to the smaller
end thereof may be of a thickness corresponding
to the thickness of the ledge 23 whereas the said
key at the other end portion or at the opposite side
next to the inner ends of said keys and having
heads overhanging the rail base for the fastening
thereof upon the bearing, said keys and plate
body having openings for said spikes adapted to
register when the keys are in their driven posi Ul
tions.
2. A combined anchor and tie plate comprising
a body having an inset rail bearing in its top face,
said body at one side of the longitudinal center
line of said bearing having a longitudinally ex
tending groove provided with vertical side Walls
parallel with each other and to the longitudinal
of the opening 25 may be materially thickened center line of said bearing, the outermost side
`Wall of the groove being extended upwardly for
with respect to the ledge 23.
effecting a shoulder, spike-like wedging keys in 15
What is claimed is:
15
1. A combined anchor and tie plate comprising serted reversely to each other in opposite ends
a body having an inset rail bearing in its top face,
said body at one side of the longitudinal center
line of said bearing having a longitudinally ex
20 tending groove provided With vertical side walls
parallel with each other and to the longitudinal
center line of said bearing, the outermost side
wall of the groove being extended upwardly for
effecting a shoulder, spike-like Wedging keys in
serted reversely to .each other in opposite ends of
the groove for engaging a rail base and the edge
of the outermost side Wall of the groove,l and
spikes passed through the keys and plate body
of the groove for engaging a rail base and the
edge of the outermost side Wall of the groove,
spikes passed through the keys and plate body
next to the inner ends of said keys and having 20
heads overhanging the rail base for the fasten
ing thereof upon the bearing, said keys and plate
body having openings for said spikes adapted to
register when the keys are in their driven posi
tions, and shallow flanges formed at the inner 25
sides of the wedging keys for underlying the rail
base.
HARRY A. COOK.
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