Патент USA US2117150код для вставки
May 1o, 193s. H_ A, COCK » RAIL ANCHOR AND TIE PLATE Filed NOV. 30, 1936 Il ‘ 2,117,150 Patented May 10, 1938 2,117,150 A UNITED sTATEs rATENT OFFICE 2,117,150 RAIL ANCHOR AND TIE` PLATE Harry A. Cook, Winnebago. Nebr. , Application November 30, 1936, SerìalNo. 113,521 2 claims. The invention relates to tie plates and more especially to combined rail anchors and tie plates. One of the numerous troubles confronting rail roads is the prevention ofthe runningor creep Qi ing of the rails‘of a track whichcauses too much expansion in some places and joints becoming too tight in other places, even becoming so tight that a rail Will .buckle in hot weather throwing the track out of alignment and thus making it dan gerous for the passage of trains and frequently becoming tight enough on bridges to throw the framework out of line. The primary object of the present invention is the provision of a plate of this character, Where in the difiiculties above expressed will be relieved in that the rails of a track will be successfully an chored against running in either direction or creeping and thereby eliminate kinks in the rails where the spikes are loose and thus assuring alignment irrespective of the size of the rails of the track. Another object of the invention is the provi sion of a plate of this character, wherein the same will be firmly held in place and the rail an 25 chored to avoid the creeping of the latter and also the shifting of the plate when upon the tie thereby giving greater life to the track and avoid ing liability of the spreading of the rails and acci dents incident thereto. A further object of the invention is the provi 30 sion of a plate of this character, which is sim ple in construction, thoroughly reliable and ef fective in its operation, durable„and inexpensive to manufacture and install. With these and other objects in view, the in vention consists in the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing, which discloses the 40 prefered embodiment of the invention and point ed out in the claims hereunto appended. In the accompanying drawing: Figure l is a fragmentary top plan view of a track rail and cross tie showing the combined rail anchor and tie plate constructed in accordance with the invention applied. , Figure 2 is a sectional view on the line 2-2 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows. Figure 3 is a perspective view of the tie plate. Figure 4 is a perspective View of one of the wedge keys for use with the tie plate. Similar reference characters indicate corre sponding parts throughout the several Views in the drawing. Referring to the drawing in detail, A designates (c1. 23a-_364) “ ` generally a portion .of a track rail and B .a por tion of a tie, these bein-g conventional and as usual the said rail fis made. fast to the tie by spikes :I0 which in this instance ,are in associa tion with a combined anchor and tie plate con- 5 stituting the present invention and hereinafter fully described. , . The plate constituting >the present invention comprises a body section II having a flat bottom face I2 while intermediate the opposite ends of 10 this plate at the top thereof is a rail base bear ing I3 while upstanding from this body section at opposite sides of the bearing I3 rise shoulders I 4 and I5, respectively. Formed between the bearing I3 and the shoul- 15 der I5 is a channel-like keyway I6 which has its side walls I'I parallel with each other and uni formly spaced with relation to one another throughout the extent thereof. This keyway opens through opposite edges of the body I I while 20 provided in the said body and intersecting the shoulder I4 and the keyway I6 are spike holes I8 and I 9, respectively, for accommodating the spikes I 0 in fastening the plate body II super imposed upon the tie B. These spikes when 2 driven through the holes I8 and I9 into the tie B engage with the base 20 of the rail A for the fastening of said rail in place and attached to the tie B, the base 20 of the rail being seated upon the bearing I3 of the plate body II as is clearly 30 shown in Figure 2 of the drawing. Insertable in the keyway I 6 through opposite ends thereof are reversely arranged wedge shaped keys 2|, these having outer driving heads 22 and each is formed with a reduced ledge or 35 rib 23 at one longer side edge thereof to under lie the base 20 of the rail A so that this base will `have contact with the key at the shouldered side 24 thereof when driven into the way I6 thus making secure the rail on the plate body II. 40 This rail at the edge opposite to that engaged by the keys 2l will abut the shoulder I4, these keys 2l become wedged in the keyway I 6 when driv en thereinto by wedging action against the shoulder I5 and the base 20 of the rail next 45 thereto. The ledge 23 of the keys 2| prevents the working upwardly of the said keys out of the keyway I6 in the use thereof. Each key 2I has formed therein a notch 25 opening through the other longer edge of the key 50 opposite the ledge 23 and this notch accommo dates a spike Il! passed through the hole or open ing I9 intersecting the keyway I6 and thus such key will be held secure and fast by the said spike. The plate body II with the use of the keys 2I 55 2 2,117,150 will anchor the rail A and the manner of attach ment of the plate body I l to the tie B avoids any possible creeping of the said rail and the kinking of the rail with the result that the said rails will 5 be out of alignment or spread from each other. By the use of the two keys 2| with the plate body l I the rail can not creep in either direction longi tudinally of the trackage. Each key 2l from the opening 25 to the smaller end thereof may be of a thickness corresponding to the thickness of the ledge 23 whereas the said key at the other end portion or at the opposite side next to the inner ends of said keys and having heads overhanging the rail base for the fastening thereof upon the bearing, said keys and plate body having openings for said spikes adapted to register when the keys are in their driven posi Ul tions. 2. A combined anchor and tie plate comprising a body having an inset rail bearing in its top face, said body at one side of the longitudinal center line of said bearing having a longitudinally ex tending groove provided with vertical side Walls parallel with each other and to the longitudinal of the opening 25 may be materially thickened center line of said bearing, the outermost side `Wall of the groove being extended upwardly for with respect to the ledge 23. effecting a shoulder, spike-like wedging keys in 15 What is claimed is: 15 1. A combined anchor and tie plate comprising serted reversely to each other in opposite ends a body having an inset rail bearing in its top face, said body at one side of the longitudinal center line of said bearing having a longitudinally ex 20 tending groove provided With vertical side walls parallel with each other and to the longitudinal center line of said bearing, the outermost side wall of the groove being extended upwardly for effecting a shoulder, spike-like Wedging keys in serted reversely to .each other in opposite ends of the groove for engaging a rail base and the edge of the outermost side Wall of the groove,l and spikes passed through the keys and plate body of the groove for engaging a rail base and the edge of the outermost side Wall of the groove, spikes passed through the keys and plate body next to the inner ends of said keys and having 20 heads overhanging the rail base for the fasten ing thereof upon the bearing, said keys and plate body having openings for said spikes adapted to register when the keys are in their driven posi tions, and shallow flanges formed at the inner 25 sides of the wedging keys for underlying the rail base. HARRY A. COOK.