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Патент USA US2117204

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` May 10, 193g.
FiledMày 1, 1957
5 sheets-sheet 2
May 10, 1938.
3 shee’ßs-sneet a
Filed May 1, 1937
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Patented May 10, 1938
John F. Mui-phy, Middleboro, Mass.
Application May 1, 1937, Serial No. 140,204
2 Claims. (Cl. 273-46)
In the pocket cover member 3 are secured, Figs. E,"
This invention relates to pin spotting means for
use in` the usual bowling alley, and in other like
games, for >prop‘erly‘positioning pins, where pins
or the like are used, and aims to provide a novel,
simple and improved means for the above pur
5. pose, having, among others, the advantages and
l, 6, 9, at proper points, as the pin seats, the nec
essary number of sockets or stud bearings 4a, for
the proper number and arrangement oi the pin
spotting studs 5, and the bearing may be con-
novel features hereinafter described and illus
veniently secured in position by threading one `
end and screwing it into a plate S, secured as
by screws or pins 1 to the under face of the cover
In the drawings of one embodiment of my in
vention selected for illustration and description
member 3.
The alley end, Figs. 3, 6, is` provided with usual _
suitable cross supports 8, 9, I0, II, I2, and the
members 9, III, Figs. 3, 6, are cutaway to provide
Fig. 1 is a plan of the pin carrying end or foot
of the conventional alley, as it appears with my
clearance for the outer ends of levers I3, pivoted
in brackets I4, Figs. 3, 5, 6, the inner ends I5
novel pin-setting mechanism installed;
of the brackets being turned downwardly and `
Fig. 2 is a plan of the alley end broken away, as outwardly, and secured to the member Ill.
the mechanism appears installed therein, with
The outer ends of the levers I3, Fig. '7, are pro
the mechanism covering element of the alley re
vided with links or other suitable elements I6, for
attachment to a foot treadle I1.
Fig. 3, a Vertical, longitudinal section on the
The inner ends of the levers I3 are connected
line 3-3 of Fig. 1, looking to the left, and partly as by pins I8 with stud-raising elements such as
broken away, showing one of the levers in its channel bars, or links, I9 of suitable length to
operate the appropriate number, either one or
Fig. 4, an end view of the structure of Fig. 2, more, Aof pin receiving studs 5. In Figs. 5, 6,
showing the foot treadle for raising the pin-spot
broken out for convenience, the bar I9 is shown
with a shallow shoe 2D, which carries the lower
ting levers;
Fig. 5, a partial plan of a section of an alley end of the stud 5 slidable vertically in the bear
with its top removed, on an enlarged scale, show
ing 4, within the pin seat on the playing surface,
ing a stud-raising lever, as the one on the left of
and the stud carrying a helical spring 2 I , the up«
Fig. 2, in its pocket in the alley, and which lever
raises only a single stud;
Fig. 6, a side elevation of the center stud rais
ing lever, Fig. 2, partly broken away at the cen
ter for convenience, and showing the alley struc
per end of which seats against the plate E, while
ture in section;
Fig. '7, a vertical section on the line 1-,-"I, Fig.
6, showing the pivot joint of the stud raising le
Fig. 8, a vertical cross section on the line 8-»8
oi Fig. 6, looking to the right; and
Fig. 9, a vertical section of a portion of the
structure shown in Fig. 6, but showing the base
of a pin broken away, as it is spoted by the stud.
Referring first to Fig. 2, the conventional bowling alley I, at its pin-carrying end or foot, is con
structed oi somewhat less thickness than the rest
of the alley, and I provide it beneath the surface
with a plurality of properly positioned, longitudi
nally extended channels or pockets 2 to receive
the pin-spotting elements, and these pockets, Fig.
1, are subsequently covered with a sheet of suit
the lower end enters an aperture 2 Ia., in the lower
end of the stud. The spring, of course, acts auto
matically if strong enough, otherwise it helps, to
return the stud 5 and bar I9 to normal position
when the latter is relieved of pressure.
The inner end of each bar I9, Fig. 6, is pivotally
supported by a link 22, connected thereto and
to a bracket 23 mounted on the cross support I2
on the alley I, to cause the bar to rise substan
tially horizontally with a short longitudinal mo
tion, when actuated by the lever I3, so as to act
properly, Fig. 2, upon all the studs 5 in the same
Vertical plane, when the bar acts on more than
one stud. By placing one foot upon the treadle
I'I to depress it and raise the bar I9 and studs 5,
the pins 24, which have stud receiving sockets 25
in the lower ends, may be quickly and accurately
spotted and set up, without danger of any of. them
being out of position or falling down, with con
sequent loss of time and extra work.
I believe my pin-spotting mechanism to be the
able material, as wood or ñbre~board, or the like,
simplest and most convenient and practicable,
3, known as a pin plate, secured by any suitable
means, as screws 4. This pocket covering sheet
3 is, of course, of a thickness to complete prop
erly the level playing surface of the alley.
as well as least expensive, device of its kind that
Iknow of, for use with the usual alley; and modl
iied within the spirit of my invention for any 55
2,1 17,204
game, where pins or the like are used in a similar
manner. It costs little to build it into a new
alley, and it may be readily installed in an old
alley, without destroying the alley end, and with
out substantially disturbing the floor of the build
Heretofore, it has been, the practice to use a
frame of triangular, rectangular or other shape,
to carry and raise the pin-setting studs, or the
10 like. This requires a clumsy, heavy and expen
sive structure, and extensive cutting of floor
beams, particularly if of metal or concrete, for
installation. I have very much simpliñed the
problem by the use of my several long stud-rais
same may be made, all within the spirit and
scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. Pin spotting means for bowling alleys having
stud openings therein, said means comprising a
plurality of stud raising bars longitudinally ex
tended beneath the alley in parallel arrangement.
studs loosely positioned on the bars and adapted,
when projected through the stud openings in the
alley, to spot the pins, the bars operative indi 10
vidually on the studs for the pins normally
grouped in the same vertical planes with the re
spective bars, a lever and a link respectively se
Where formerly it was necessary to cured to opposite bar ends with supports for said
remove, usually, the obstructive cross beams lll,r levers and links, and a foot treadle with means 15
or their equivalents, or other supports of the alley connected thereto and separately to each bar
whereby each bar is separately adjustable and re
floor, in order to introduce the frames for rais
movable While preserving the assembly as a
ing the pins, I can now avoid this work and ex
20 pense to a great degree by the use of individual
2. Pin spotting means for bowling alleys and 20
)ars I9, or the like, which are accommodated by
the like with stud receiving passages therein, said
the few channels in the floor structure inexpen
means comprising a plurality of stud raising,
sively made.
Furthermore, my construction provides another parallelly extended bars beneath the alley, and
25 important advantage, namely:-if. any trouble is studs loosely resting on the bars and adapted to
had with any particular pin stud, it may readily be projected through the said passages in the alley 25
be attended to Without disengaging or añ'ecting iloor to engage and spot the pins, said bars oper
the remainder of the mechanism. In the usual ative individually only on the studs grouped in
instance, trouble with one stud affects the Whole the same vertical planes with the respective bars,
so stud-raising structure. My structure, with its levers and links for the opposite bar ends and
relatively few elements, is much more simple to supports for said> links and bars, the bars con 30
operate and easier than any of the conventional nected operatively only at their rear ends, and a
15 ing bars I9.
ones that I know of.
My invention is not restricted to the particular
35 embodiment thereof illustrated and described
-treadle with means for connecting it to and for
operating the bars, each bar being free of any
lateral frictional drag from the other bars.
herein, as obviously many modiñcations of the
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