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Патент USA US2117555

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May 17, 1938;A
A. s. HAYWARD
i 2,117,555
ASSEMBLER MECHANISM OF TYPPOGRAPHICAL COMPOSING MACHINES
‘
Filed Feb. 1o, 1957
4 sheets-#sheet 1
vMay 17, 193s.
A. S. HAYWARD
2,117,555
ASSEMBLEE MECHANISM OF TYPPOGRAPHICAL COMPO‘SING MACHINES
Filed Feb. VILO, 1937
I.|T
....A
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
May 17, 19.38.
`
_
A. s._ HAYWARD ,
,2,117,555
ASSEMBLER MECHANISM OF TYBPOGRAPHICAL COMPOSING MACHINES
l
l
Filed F-Sb. l0, 1937
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
May 17, 193s.
A. s. HAYWARD
2,117,555
ASSEMBLEE MECHANISM OF TYPPOGRAPHICAL COMPOSING MACHINES
Filed Feb. 1o, >195'?
4 sheets-sheet 4
Wvg/WOR
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Patented May 1 7, 1 938
l
`
2,1 17, 5
UNITED STAT-Esi l?"ÀTENTy OFFICE
2,117,555 '
AssElvrBLER‘MEoi-iANIsr/i 0F ‘ 'rini‘ocfRAPH-V
ICAL -C'oMPosING- MACHINES i
Arthur Staniland »Hayward Altrincham, Eng
land, assignor ta Linotype and Machinery Lim
ited, London, England¿ a registered company"
Application February 10, 1937,“Se?ialNo. 125,023
In Great Britain February 15, V1936 `
20 claims'.
(Cl. 19e-_21)
This invention relates-to typographical ‘com-" there are ‘provideda continuously ‘rotating roller
posing machines such as those known commerI,'fand a 'camïZ fec'cen'trically mounted in a yoke
cially under the registered trade-mark “Linotype”, 3 which is` pivote'd'atî one 'end and normally held,`
and more particularly to machines embodyingia" by` `a'tri'p‘«‘d`og~l'4 engaging ‘beneath its free end,
in laipositiorifinïwhichthel'cam 2 is above and‘out 5
5 plurality of superposed magazines and anlassem-‘ï
bler entrance adjustable to permit the assembling »
of matrices from a plurality of magazines while
the magazines remain stationary.
of'cont'a‘ct’with the roller." The roller I and cam
2 are preferably of metal, the roller having a
v-'shaped `peripheral groove‘an‘d the " cam a V
Among the objects of the invention are to pro- shaped 'periphery adapted‘td‘engase With‘the said
l0 vide an improved form of key-‘controlled power-
groove,-` as ‘shown in"l'|'ig'ure 2.> When the “ trip‘ 10
operated mechanism for effecting the adjustment i
ofthe assembler entrance: to provide such mechanism ‘in the form of a self-contained unit‘capable‘
of adjustment on the machine to an inoperative
15 position wherein‘parts‘ of the vmechanism itselfA
and of the »machine adjacent thereto‘are more
readily accessible: to adapt such'faunit for con‘-
dog 4 ‘is actuated, by lthe >depression of a‘i'lnger
key’5,` to release the yoke"3, the latter falls by
gravity and the cam '2 is rotated‘bycontact with
the roller I thus'raising the yoke 3; during which
raising,` " (the ñn'ger‘key‘ä having been released), 15
the 'do‘g‘4 returns t0 position ’G0 Support the 310k@
3 and the cam 2 is brought to‘rest` out ‘onen-`
trolling the independent ladjustment of` afplu‘rality of assembler entrances arranged side‘by‘
20 side and to facilitate the before-mentioned adL
'I'his “operation is simila’r to‘that of‘the `known 20
justment of mechanism Vthus adapted in machines
key-board' cam“m`echanism,` but in the present
having separate" keyboards ` appropriate to‘ithe
different groups of magazines'served’bylthe re-
instance 'the yoke f3 serves to raise1 a push’rod 8
Which'in‘tur‘nis adapted to eiîect a deñnite'an
spective assembler entrances.
25
sagement#withiëthewouer Tl `'by a laterallyrro
jecting"'pin 6 thereonf'coming against a stop l.
'
With these objects in view, thev invention‘consists in a device for setting an adjustable as'sem-
bier entrance in a typographical composing ma-`
chine, comprising a power-driven member and a
key ‘controlled member adapted for frictional‘en‘-30 gagement therewith to'actuate 'a‘ mechanical
gular‘ movement ` of a cam 'I3 controlling the
position ofthe assembler'entrance through a lever 25
actuated by the~ cam.`
`Ini'th'e-construction`shown, the push rod 8 ac
tuate's afspring-loa‘ded" rocker 9 carrying a pawl
I0 1‘er'iga'ginga ratchet> wheel II `operatively fast
to the' Icam I3,‘the` rocker!) being loosely mounted 30
power transmission system whereby the'assem- " orr‘the stud‘or‘shaft iI2 carrying the ‘cam’ I3 and `
bler entrance is adjusted‘to the desired‘setting.`
The invention will be clearly `understood from
the following description of >one form which it
ratchet wheel II.'
The cam I3 consists of a disc 'I4 having a cam
groove "in one‘face"Within'which‘engages a roller
35 may assume (given, however; merely by way ‘ I5 íonfa'stud projecting laterally from ailever 35
of example), and this description will be more
arm" I 6“ ’connected `-witli`the assembler entrance.
readily followed by reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:--_
The‘ disc "I ¿l isfpreferablyalso formed'withlnotches
IT 'in"'its"iperiphery ‘which are 7engaged by spring
Figures 1 and 2 represent respectively inside` pawls I8, I9 to prevent over-running or rebound
40 i view and rear view a mechanism according ’to 'the
invention;
ingl of' Ythe ‘cam'y so ‘that the latter is’ positively 40
locked fin ï‘ successive` positions’ corresponding "to
Fig. 3 is a side view'of a portion of a typo- alternating high' and low `portions "of the‘cam,
graphical composing machine embodying‘tlie in- ' theX entrancev control ïlever `Iíì thus'beirig adjusted
vention and showing the assembler entrance in and‘l‘ocked by successive depressions of the finger
45‘one position of adjustment;
key in different"positions~ controlling different 45
Fig. 3a is a side View similar'` to Fig. ‘3, showing
the assembler entrance in another positionfof
operative `positions> of the entrance. The release
of one of ithei'last-mentionedpawls maybe ef
adjustment; and
fectedl‘by' the depression >of the control >linger key «
‘
Fig. 4 is a plan view‘cf a portion of a typo50 graphical composing machine embodying the
present improvements.
In carrying the invention into effect >in one
(e.-g.fby the“ linkage 20,“2I to pawl I8),
The -whole of the mechanism according to the 50k
invention that“ is tovsay,` the key lever 5,` as
sembler-'control 1ever»I 6, the operating connec
convenient manner, as shown in Figures 1 and 2
tions fbetween = said levers and a driving wheel
herewith,A (which illustrate duplicate mechanisms
for "thecam-rollers, may be conveniently carried
55 according to the invention combined as one unit),
in “aëframe or casing pivotally supported on the 55 .
2,117,555
2
machine frame, for example as shown in Figure
4, at the side of the main keyboard, so that said
mechanism may be swung as a whole about a
pivot 22 outwardly to an inoperative position,
to give access to its parts and to permit outward
swinging of the keyboard.
Within the scope of the invention, and as
shown in the drawings, one unit may comprise
position, this latter connection being through
the medium of a relatively fixed section 30 of
the assembler entrance and located at the lower
end of the upper magazine in operative position.
As previously stated, the operation or pivoting
of the assembler entrance section 28 from the
position shown in Fig. 3 to the position shown
in Fig. 3a and vice versa is through the power
the assemblage in a common frame or casing
of two power actuated mechanisms, each a rep
lica of the other, with the pivots and axes of the
respective levers concentrically arranged, for
mounting between two groups of magazines ar
ranged side by side, so that the assembler en
trance of the respective groups of magazines may
be independently controlled from the one unit.
In such cases, when each magazine group has
its own keyboard, the outward swinging of the
unit is necessarily preceded by the outward
20 swinging of one of the keyboards, and in order
to leave a clear path for the movement of the
unit, the invention includes means for swinging
also the escapement actuating reeds which usual
ly remain in their normal vertical position when
25 vthe keyboard is moved out of operative position.
One arrangement for carrying out this modifica
tion of the invention is shown in Figures 3 and 4.
As illustrated, the keyboard adapted to be swung
outwardly to permit the swinging movement of
30 the power unit is the auxiliary keyboard 5 which
is swung from the solid line position shown in
Fig. 4 to the dotted line position shown therein
and, when this has been accomplished, the unit
itself may be swung from the solid line position
Vto the dotted line position, wherein it will pre
sent no interference to the swinging movement
of the main keyboard at the left.
Ordinarily, the reeds 24 associated with the
auxiliary keyboard are arranged in a fixed frame.
In the present machine, however, such a frame
40
would interfere with the swinging movement of
the power unit, previously alluded to, and ac
45
cordingly, the reeds 24 are carried in Va frame
25 supported on a horizontal pivot 2B near its
upper end. Near the rear> of the auxiliary key
board frame, there is located an upwardly pro
jecting lug 21 (in the form of an L-shaped
bracket adjustably mounted by a s_crew through
a slot in one arm thereof) and, as the key
board 5 is swung outwardly in the manner here
50 tofore described, the lug 21 engages the reed
frame 25 at the rear and near the lower end
thereof, so as to swing the frame from the posi
tion shown in solid lines in Figs. 3 and 4 to the
position shown in dotted lines therein and, when
55 the reed frame 25 is so located, it will clear the
unit as the latter is swung from one position
to another. The degree of clearance provided
is clearly indicated in Fig. 4.
The construction of the assembler entrance
60
section 28 is illustrated in Figs. 3 and 3a and
65
operated mechanism, previously described, and
when the control lever I6 is in the position
shown in Fig. 1, wherein the roller l5 is in the
high portion of the cam I4, the assembler en
trance section is in position to complete the
operative connection between the upper maga
zine in operative position and the fixed lower
section 29 of the assembler entrance; whereas,
when the roller I5 is at a low portion of the cam,
the assembler entrance section is in the posi
tion shown in Fig. 3, where it completes the
operative connection between the lower magazine 20
in operative position and the section 29 of the
assembler entrance.
The section 28 of the assembler entrance is
pivotally mounted on a cross shaft 3| arranged
at the front of the machine and is actuated from 25
the lever arm I6 through the medium of a link
32 and an arm 33 to which the link is connected
at one end and which at the opposite end is
ñxed to said cross shaft 3l.
It must be understood that the invention is 30
not limited solely to the details of the form de
scribed above since various modifications may
be introduced as they become desirable or neces
sary in order to carry the invention into effect
under different conditions and requirements 35
which have to be fulfilled, without departing
from the scope of the invention.
Having described my invention, I declare that
what I claim and desire to secure by Letters
40
Patent isz
1. A device for setting an adjustable section of
the assembler entrance in a. typographical com
posing machine adapted to be equipped with a
pair of superposed matrix magazines and wherein
the section is adjustable to two different positions 45
to make and break an operative connection be
tween either one of the magazines. and a fixed
section of the assembler entrance, said device
comprising a power-driven member and a key
controlled member adapted for frictional engage
ment therewith to actuate a mechanical power
transmission system for moving the adjustable
section to the desired setting.
2. A device for setting an adjustable section of
the assembler entrance in a typographical com 55
posing machine adapted to be equipped with a
pair oí superposed matrix magazines and wherein
the section is adjustable to two diiferent positions
to make and break an operative connection be
tween either one of the magazines and a ñxed 60
section of the assembler entrance, said device
is substantially the same as disclosed in the pat
comprising a power driven member and a key
ent to Gayter et al., No. 2,068,288, issued Jan
uary 19, 1937, to which reference may be had
acting V-shaped and V-grooved peripheries, and
for a more detailed description of the parts.
Suffice it to say, when the assembler entrance
section is in the position shown in Fig. 3, it com
by said key-controlling member when engaged
pletes an operative connection between the lower
magazine of a pair in operative position and the
iìxed lower section 29 of the usual assembler
70
entrance; whereas, when the assembler entrance
section 28 is moved to the position shown in
Fig. 3a, it completes an operative connection be
tween the ñxed lower section of the assembler
entrance and the upper magazine in operative
75
controlled element adapted to engage by co
a mechanical power transmission system driven 65
with said power driven member for moving the
adjustable section.
3. A device as claimed in claim 1 comprising an
eccentric cam adapted, when released by said key, -1 0
to fall into frictional engagement with a power
driven roller.
4. A device for setting an adjustable section of
the assembler entrance in a typographical com
posing machine, adapted to be equipped with a 75
i
2,117,555
pair of ‘- ‘superposed i matrix magazines »and fwhere‘
infthesection is adjustable:` to two diiîerent- po
sitions to make and break an operative connec
tion between either one offlthefmagazines and a
Ul fixed section of the assembler‘ientrance, said de
vice comprising a `power-driven member, a key
means including a‘member adapted upon move
ment »in one direction to operate said device
through said predetermined increments, and upon
movement in another direction to be restored ’to‘
normal position.
13. In=`= a typographical composing lmachine
controlled member adapted‘for frictional‘engage
adapted ’tofbel equipped with a pair of superposed
ment tlierewithïto'lactuate a mechanical power matrix magazines, `and an assembler entrance
transmission system ‘for moving» the‘iadjustable ' adjustable to permit the assembly oi‘ matrices
10 section to the desired setting,‘and means for lock
from rei-ther' magazine, the `combination ‘therewith
ing the mechanical power transmission system in of means for yadjusting »the‘assembler entrance; -lO
position after adjustment.’
5. A device as claimed in claim 4 wherein said
locking means are released by `said controlling
key upon initiation of a subsequent adjustment.
6. In a typographical composing machine a de
vice as claimed in claim 1 built as a unit, pivot
ally mounted on the machine frame to allow it to
'be swung outwards for access.
7. In a typographical composing machine a
plurality of devices as claimed in claim 1 built as
a single unit pivotally mounted upon the ma
chine frame.
8. In a typographical composing machine em
25 bodying a device as claimed in claim 1, means for
moving a set of escapement actuating reeds out of
the path of the pivotally mounted unit when
desired.
9. In a typographical composing machine em
30 bodying a device as claimed in claim 1, means for
moving a set of escapement actuating reeds out
of the path of the pivotally mounted unit when
desired, comprising a pivotally mounted frame
carrying said reeds and means on a pivoted key
board whereby the swinging of the keyboard
about its pivot effects simultaneous swinging of
said frame of reeds.
l0. In a typographical composing machine em
bodying a device as claimed in claim 1 and com
40 prising a main and an auxiliary group of maga
zines, each with its own keyboard, a pivotally
mounted frame carrying the escapement actuat
ing reeds of the auxiliary keyboard, and a pro
jection on the auxiliary keyboard frame adapted,
45 when the auxiliary keyboard is swung about its
pivot, to engage with said reed frame, and swing
it about its pivot out of the path of said device.
1l. In a typographical composing machine
adapted to be equipped with a pair of superposed
matrix magazines, and an assembler entrance ad
justable to permit the assembly of matrices from
either magazine, the combination therewith of
means for adjusting the assembler entrance in
cluding a power-driven device operable during
55 certain alternate predetermined increments of
movement to adjust the assembler entrance to
cooperate with one magazine and during other
alternate predetermined increments of movement
with the other magazine, and means including a
60 member adapted upon movement in one direction
to operate said device through said predetermined
increments, and upon movement in another di
rection to be restored to normal position.
12. In a typographical composing machine
65 adapted to be equipped with a pair of superposed
matrix magazines, and an assembler entrance ad _
justable to permit the assembly of matrices from
either magazine, the combination therewith of
means for adjusting the assembler entrance in
cluding a power-driven device operable during
certain alternate predetermined increments of
movement to adjust the assembler entrance to co
operate with one magazine, and during other al
ternate predetermined increments of movement,
75 with the other magazine, and key-controlled
includingia power-driven device having an ele
ment ifot‘a’t’ableiinione direction and y'operable dur
ing certain `»alternate predetermined increments
of movement to adjust the assembler entrance to
cooperate with one magazine and during other
alternate predetermined increments of movement,
with the other magazine, and means including a
member adapted upon movement in one direc
tion to rotate said element during said predeter
mined increments of movement and upon move
ment in another direction to be restored to nor
mal position.
14. In a typographical composing machine
adapted to be equipped with a pair of superposed
matrix magazines, and an assembler entrance ad
justable to permit the assembly of matrices from
either magazine, the combination therewith of
means for adjusting the assembler entrance in
cluding a power-driven cam rotatable in one di
rection only and intermediate connections be
tween the cam and the assembler entrance, said
cam being formed so that upon rotation it will
effect the adjustment of the assembler entrance
alternately into cooperative relation with the 35
magazines, and means for rotating said cam and
including a member adapted‘upon movement in
one direction to rotate the cam to effect said ad
justments of the assembler entrance, and upon
movement in another direction to be restored to 40
normal position.
15. In a typographical composing machine
adapted to be equipped with a pair of superposed
matrix magazines, and an assembler entrance
adjustable to permit the assembly of matrices 45
from either magazine, the combination therewith
of means for adjusting the assembler entrance
including a power-driven cam rotatable in one
direction only, intermediate connections between
the cam and assembler entrance, and means in
50
cluding a ratchet device for rotating the cam
through equal increments of movement, said cam
being formed so that upon certain alternate in
crements of movement it will adjust the assem
bler entrance into cooperative relation with one 55
magazine and during other alternate increments
of movement with the other magazine.
16. In a typographical composing machine
adapted to be equipped with a plurality of super
posed matrix magazines and with mechanism for 60
rendering one or another of the magazines oper
ative without shifting said magazines,'the com
bination with such mechanism of devices includ
ing a cam rotatable during certain alternate pre
determined increments of movement in one di
65
rection to adjust said mechanism for coopera
tion with one magazine and during other alter
nate predetermined increments of movement in
the same direction to adjust said mechanism for
cooperation with another magazine, and a power 70
means for rotating said cam including a mem
ber adapted upon movement in one direction to
rotate the cam through said increments of move
ment, and upon movement in another direction
to be restored to normal position.
75
2,117,555
4
17. A combination according to claim 14,
wherein the cam in effecting the adjustment of
the assembler entrance is rotated through equal
increments of movement, and means for prevent
ing overrunning of the cam.
18. A combination according to claim 14,
wherein the cam in eiïecting the adjustment of
the assembler entrance is rotated through equal
increments of movement, means for preventing
10 overrunning of the cam, and means for prevent
ing retrograde movement of the cam.
19. A combination according
to claim
14,
wherein the cam in effecting the adjustment of
the assembler entrance is rotated through equal
increments of movement, means including a
pawl adapted when operative to prevent advance
movement of the cam, and key means for render
ing the pawl inoperative.
20. A combination according to claim 14,
wherein the cam in eífecting the adjustment of
the assembler entrance is rotated through equal
increments of movement, means including a
pawl adapted When operative to prevent advance
movement of the cam, and key means for con
trolling the movement of the cam and for render
ing the pawl inoperative.
ARTHUR STANILAND HAYWARD.
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