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Патент USA US2117678

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May 17, 1938. "
‘
‘
|_.,w. REAUME
.
CARTON
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2,117,678
'
Filed No‘). 11, 1957
.
E; .
.
INVENTOR
BY Jan/ravine [44 723941176.
A TTORNE Y5.
Patented May 17, 1938
‘
2,117,678
UNITED ~ STATES PATENT OFFICE
2.1mm: ’
5
CARTON
Lawrence W. Beaume, Monroe, Mich, assignor to
River Raisin Paper Company, Monroe, Micln,
a corporation of Michigan
' Application November 11, 1937, Serial No. 173,967
10 Claims. (Cl. 229-27)
The present invention relates to cartons of the
type which are formed from cardboard or other
'10
Another object of the present invention is to
provide a carton of the type mentioned which has
closing the top thereof.
,
‘
Another object of the invention is to provide a
novel means for providing the top of the carton
in which the edges of the top adjacent the sides
also serve to reinforce the carton longitudinally
thereof when the top is closed.
Another object of the invention is to provide
_ a carton having a special hand hole positioned
30 centrally of the members forming the top of the
carton for lifting the carton when the cover
‘members are open.
Another object of the invention is to provide
an improved carton of the type mentioned which
is simple in construction, light in weight, and
rugged, so that it will withstand rough usage.
Other objects of the invention will become ap
. parent from the following speci?cation, the draw
ing relating thereto, and from the claims herein
In the drawing, in which like numerals are used
to designate like parts in the several views
throughout:
two ?lled cartons, one in each hand, by engaging 10
with each hand ahhand hole in one end of a
carton. Cartons of this type are also subjected
to hard usage as the cartons are constantly being
shifted from one position to another during their
lives. Because of the nature of the use to which
the cartons are put in which frequent handling is
necessary, the cartons are so constructed as to
facilitate ease and speed in handling.
According to the present invention, a carton
is provided which may be readily handled both 20
when full and when empty, or when full with the
top members opened. Also according to the pres
ent invention, a simpli?ed structure is provided
in which a longitudinally extending center rein
forcing member is provided which is of such a
construction that the ends‘and the hand holes
in the ends are strengthened and in which the
top members for closing the top are formed in
tegral with the reinforcing member. Also ac
cording to one of the embodiments of the present
invention, the center reinforcing member also 30
forms the end walls of the. container as well as
thetop opening and closing members.
Referring to the drawing and referring par
ticularly to Figs. 1 to 3 in which one embodiment
of the present invention is illustrated, the main
body portion of the carton is preferably formed
of a single sheet of laminated paper or card'
board, provided with a plurality of parallel crease
lines which divide the sheet into a side wall ill, a
40 after set forth.
‘
.
Figure l is a perspective view of a carton,
showng one half of the carton top opened and
the other half closed, embodying features of the
present invention ;'
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken substan
tially along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
50
usage and are returned to the bottler and re¢
laminated paper material, and particularly to peatedly used. When ?lled with bottles contain
cartons of the type mentioned which are adapted ing a ?uid, the contents of the carton are quite
to hold beverage bottles and the like.
heavy and it is essential that the carton have
One of the primary objects of the present in
sufficient strength to sustain the load even when
vention is to provide a carton of the type men
the entire carton is lifted by means of a hand
tioned which may be conveniently and speedily hole in one end wall thereof. This is necessary
handled both when full and when empty.
in view of the practice of truckers of picking up
half top members, for closing the top of the car
ton, disposed centrally of the carton and extend
ing in opposite directions to opposite carton walls.
A further object of the present invention is to
'15
provide a simpli?ed carton structure of the type
mentioned‘which has a longitudinally extending
reinforcing member disposed centrally of‘ the
carton in which the tops of the reinforcing mem
ber extend sidewardly in opposite directions from
each other and form the top of the carton for
2
used for beverage bottles are subjected to rough
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken substan
, tially along ‘the line 3--3 of Fig. 2; ,
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 illustrating a
modi?ed form of the present invention;
_
Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken substan
bottom wall i2, and a side wall H.
40
The sides In v
and I4 are provided, respectively, with end ?aps
I5 and I6; and the bottom wall i2 is provided
with corresponding flaps i1. When the sheet or.
material is folded in the form shown, end walls
III are secured to the ?aps l5, l6 and i‘! by any
suitable means, such as staples l9, thus complet
ing the main body portion of the carton. As
best shown inFig. 3, the side walls l0 and H are
provided with ?aps 20 and 2| respectively, which
are bent downwardly within the box and secured
against their respective side walls so as to re
, inforce the upper longitudinal edges of the car
ton. As shown in Fig. 2, the end walls l8 are
tially along the line 5-5 of Fig. 4; and
also provided at their upper edges with a pair of
Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken substan-V flaps 22, for a purpose to be described herein‘
tialy along the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.
Cartons of the type to which the present in
The cartonhmay be provided with the usual
vention is directed are particularly adapted to interlocking cross-partitioning members 24 and
60 hold beverage bottles and ‘the like. The cartons longitudinal partition members 25, which divide
after.-
7
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»
I
a
2
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2,117,678
the box into a plurality of compartments, each
adapted to receive a single bottle or receptacle.
According to the present invention a longitudi~
nal partition member, generally indicated at 38,
is provided which extends longitudinally of the
carton midway of the sides In and 14. This par
tition member is preferably formed of a single
sheet of laminated paper material and is folded
along its lower edge to provide a pair of upstand
10 ing partition members 3! and 32. These up
standing partition members are preferably se
cured together by any suitable means such as
members partially connected to the members,
thus providing ?aps 52 for the hand holes 39
and ?aps 54 for the hand holes. 58. These ?aps
normally serve to close the hand holes and pre
vent the admission of light to the contents of
the carton. This is particularly desirable when
the carton is to he used for transporting beer bot
tles, inasmuch as beer can only be kept properly
in the dark. The material which forms the flaps
is made of su?lcient stiffness and resiliency to
cause the flaps to swing back into closed position
after they have been displaced therefrom.
The ends of the partition member
Referring to Figs. 4 to 6 of the drawing, a
3| are provided with a pair of ?aps 35; and the
15 ends of the partition member 32 are provided with
similar flaps 36. These ?aps are bent at right
modified embodiment of the present invention is
staples 33.
22 on the top edges of the end walls are folded
20 over the ?aps 35 and 36 and secured by means of
illustrated in which the usual end pieces are elim 15
inated and the ?aps on the ends of the central
longitudinal partition form the ends of the car
ton. As shown in these ?gures, the central lon
gitudinal partition generally indicated at 88 ex
tends from the top edge to the bottom of the car 20
staples 38 to the flaps 35 and 36 and the end
walls 18. The ?aps 22 are each provided with
slots substantially at their transverse centers so
that the partitioning members 3| and 32 are re
25 ceived within the slots and the flaps 22 may be
bent downwardly against the end wall. By this
means, the partition 30 is ?xedly secured to the
end walls of the carton. The partition has sub
ton and is folded double along its lower edge with
the folded edge substantially flush with the bot
tom of the carton. The partition 88 thus pro
vides upstanding partitioning members 8! and 84
having their facing surfaces ?ush against each 25
other. The layer 8! is bent at its end to form
end ?aps 82 and 83; while the layer 84 has corre
sponding ?aps 85 and 86. The ?aps 82, 83, 85
angles to the partition members 3| and 32 into
the plane of the end walls l8, whereby the ?aps
stantial stiffness and strength and thus forms a
30 strong reinforcement for the entire box and par
ticularly for the end walls.
The reinforcing action of the partition 38 is
' important in view of the fact that the end walls
are provided with the usual hand holes 39,_by
35 means of which the carton may be grasped and
lifted.
The hand hole is preferably so arranged
that it is located entirely within the area covered
by the flaps 35 and 36 which have complementary
openings therethrough so that the hand hole is
40 formed in a double thickness of material. In
' addition, the ?aps 22 on the top edges of the end
walls are of such length that, when bent over the
flaps 35 and 36, their extremities lie along the
top edges of the hand hole 39, thus additionally
_45 reinforcing the end wall at this point. This ar
rangement gives a triple thickness of relatively
still, strong material above the hand hole, at
which point the greatest load is applied. Accord
ingly, it is possible to lift a fully loaded carton
50 with one hand by means of the hand hole pro
vided at one end wall without injuring or unduly
straining the carton in any way.
Also, according to the present invention, the
sheet of material forming the partitioning mem
55 ber 38 has oppositely and sidewardly extending
half top portions 48 and 42 formed integral there
with. The half top portions 48 and 42 have their
outer ends bent to provide flaps 44 and 46, respec
tively, which are adapted to ?t' within and bear
60
against the ?aps 2i] and 2|, respectively, of the
side walls I0 and 14, respectively, when the top
members are closed.
and 86 are of the full height of the carton and
of substantially one-half the width of the carton, 30
with the result that. the ?aps 82 and 85 together
form one end of the carton while the ?aps 83
and 86 together form the opposite end of the
carton. These end flaps 82, 83, 85 and 86 are
secured in any suitable manner as by staples 81 to ?aps 88 on the side walls of the carton, and
?aps 89 on the bottom wall in a manner similar
to that in which the end walls l8 of the carton
shown in Figs. 1 to 3 are secured in position. The
upper edges of the ?aps 82, 83, 85 and 86 may be
bent inwardly at 8'!’ to provide a double thickness
along the upper edge and be secured by sta
ples 88'.
The flaps 89 on the bottom walls prevent sepa
ration of the lower ends of the flaps 82 and 85, as
well as separation of the bottom of flaps 83 and
86. Additional staples 89' suitably located, also
secure the members 8| and 84 of the partitioning
member 88 together at their upper and side
edges so that these members and the end ?aps
cannot separate.
The upper edges of the members 8| and 84
are bent sidewardly in opposite direction from
each other to provide half top members 48 and
42, which are similar to those in the embodiments
described above. These half top members 40 and
42_ also have edge ?aps 44 and 46 which are
adapted to be received within and bear against
the side walls 84 and 95 respectively as in the
embodiment described above. Hand holes 50
with their corresponding‘ ?aps 54 are also pro
40
45
50
55
60
vided in the half top members 48 and 42 as in
Each of the half top members 40 and 42 is pro
vided with a hand hole 50 at substantially the
65 longitudinal center of the top members and adja
the embodiment described above.
Partitioning members 98 are also provided
cent the ?aps 44 and 46, respectively. The hand
carton for forming separate compartments for
which are adapted to be positioned within the 65
holes 58 are aligned when the top members are
the bottles or receptacles contained within the
in their open and upwardly extended positions so
carton.
Formal changes may be made in the speci?c
embodiment of the invention described without 70
departing from the spirit and substance of the
invention, the scope of which is commensurate
with the appended claims.
that a single hand hole of double thickness is pro
vided for conveniently transporting the carton
when the tops are open.
In forming the hand holes 39 and 58, it is possi
ble to entirely remove the material of the mem
bers through which the hand holes are formed;
75 but it is preferable to leave the material of the
What is claimed is:
>
1. A cardboard carton having side walls, end 75
3
sanatnf”. ‘
walls, and a bottom wall animal together to " forcing member oppositely and sidewardly di
‘form a box'structure. said end walls being pro- ~ rected, ?aps on said half top members adapted
vided ‘with hand holds for lifting the carton, a re
to engage the inner surfaces of said side mem
infording member extending longitudinally of ‘bers of said side walls when said top members
the carton intermediate the side walls. and being
are closed. said end portions of said reinforcing
secured to the end walls to reinforce the same,
member, said half top portions and said ?aps be
said reinforcing member having sidewardly di
ing formed of a single sheet of cardboard.
7. A cardboard carton having side walls and a
bottom wall connected together, a reinforcing
member of double thickness extending vertically
and longitudinally of the carton intermediate the
side walls, said member having its ends bent into
the planes ‘of the ends of the carton respectively
to form the end walls of the carton, one of said
end walls being provided with a hand engaging 15
rected top portions formed integral therewith.
2. A cardboard carton having side walls, end
10 walls, and a bottom wall connected together to
form a box structure, said end walls being pro
vided with hand holds for lifting the carton, a
reinforcing member extending longitudinally of
the carton intermediate the side walls and being
15 secured to the end walls to reinforce the same,
said reinforcing member having oppositely and
sidewardly directed half top portions formed in
tegral therewith, and ?apsion'said half top por
tions adapted to engage the side walls when the
20 half top portions are closed.
3. A cardboard carton having side walls, end
walls, and a bottom wall connected together to
form a box structure, said end walls beingv pro
vided with hand holds for lifting, the carton, a
25 reinforcing member extending longitudinally of
the carton intermediate the side walls and being
secured to the end walls to reinforce the same,
said reinforcing member having» sidewardly di
rected half top portions formed integral there
30 with, flaps on said half top portions adapted to
engage said side walls when the half top portions
are closed, and aligned hand holds formed in said
half top portions adjacent said ?aps at substan
tially the longitudinal center of said box struc
35
ture.
'
4. A cardboard carton having side walls, end
walls, and a bottom wall connected together to
form a box structure, said end walls being pro
vided with hand holds for lifting the carton, a
reinforcing member extending longitudinally of
the carton intermediate the side walls and being
secured to the end walls to reinforce the same,
said reinforcing member having oppositely and
sidewardly directed half to'p portions formed in
45 tegral therewith, and handy holds formed in said
half top portions, said hand holds being aligned
when said top portions are directed upwardly.
5. A cardboard carton having side walls, end
walls, and a bottom wall connected together to
40
form a box structure, said end walls being pro
vided with hand holds for lifting the carton, a
cardboard reinforcing member extending longi
device for lifting the carton, said reinforcing
member having sidewardly and oppositely direct
ed top portions formed integral therewith.
8. A cardboard carton having side walls and a
bottom wall connected together, a ‘reinforcing 20
member extending vertically and longitudinally
of the carton intermediate the side walls. said
member having its ends bent into the planes of
the ends of the carton respectively, means coop
erating with said bent ends to secure the bent 25
ends in said planes and complete the end walls
of said carton, one of said end walls being pro
vided with a hand engaging device for lifting
the carton, said reinforcing member having oppo
sitely and sidewardly directed half top portions 30
formed integral therewith, and flaps on said half
top portions adapted to engage the side walls when
the half‘ top portions are closed.
,
9. A cardboard carton having side walls and a
bottom wall connected together, a reinforcing 35
member formed of sheet material and extending
vertically and longitudinally of the carton inter
mediate the side walls for substantially the depth
and height of the carton, said member having its
ends bent into the planes of the ends of the carton 40
respectively to, provide the end walls, means con
necting the bent ends to the side walls, one of
said end walls being provided with a hand engag
ing device for lifting the carton, said reinforcing
member having oppositely and sidewardly direct 45
ed half top portions formed integral therewith,
and ?aps on said half top portions adapted to
engage the inner surfaces of said side walls, said
reinforcing .member, the bent ends of said rein
forcing member, the half top portions, and the
flaps being formed of a single sheet of cardboard. 60
10. A cardboard carton having side walls and
tudinally of the carton intermediate the side
a bottom wall; connected together, a reinforcing
walls, said cardboard reinforcing member having
end portions bent into the plane of the end walls
member formed of sheet material and extending
vertically and longitudinally of the carton inter
mediate the side walls, said member having its
ends bent into the planes of the ends of the car
tons respectively to provide the end walls, means
connecting the bent ends to the side walls, said
end walls being provided with hand holds for
lifting the carton, said reinforcing member hav
and secured thereto to reinforce the latter, said
reinforcing member also having oppositely and
sidewardly ‘directed half top portions formed in
tegral therewith, and ?aps on said half top por
60 tions adapted to engage the inner surfaces of
the side walls when the half top portions are
closed.
6. A cardboard carton having side walls, end
walls, and a bottom wall connected together to
05 form a box structure, said end walls being pro
vided with hand holds for lifting the carton, a re
inforcing member extending longitudinally of the
carton intermediate the side walls, said reinforc
ing member having end portions bent into the
plane of the end wall and secured thereto to rein
‘ force-the latter, half top members on said rein
ing oppositely and sidewardly directed half top
portions formed integral therewith longitudinally
thereof, and flaps on said half top portions adapt
ed to engage said side walls when the half top 65
portions are closed, said half top portions being
provided with hand holds adjacent said ?aps
which are aligned when the half top portions are
directed upwardly and open.
LAWRENCE W. REAUME.
70,
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