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Патент USA US2117909

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May 17, 1938.
-
A J‘ OWLER
2,111,909
HOOK LEASE REED
Filed Dec. 14, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet l
1/97/70]???
May 17, 1938.
AN}, OWLER' ,
HOOK LEASE
REED‘
Filed Dec. 14, 1936
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2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Patented May 17, 1938
2,117,909
UNITED STATES PATENT oFncE
2,117,909
HOOK LEASE REED
Albert J. Owler, Northbridge, Mass., assignor to
American Supply Company, Central Falls,
It. 1., a corporation of Rhode Island
Application December 14, 1936, Serial No. 115,667
17 Claims.
My invention relates to improvements in hook
lease reeds.
While I am aware that others have
provided lease reeds having sets of solder blocks
joining alternate dents together near the upper
and lower portions thereof to permit the taking
of two half leases in theloom beam with a remov
able top for raising or dropping the yarn into the
dent spaces, as shown in Patent No. 495,435 to
uSimoneau issued April 11, 1893, and others have
‘lopr‘ovided hook lease reeds with open tops but
without the solder blocks joining alternate dents
together near the lower portions thereof, as
shown in British Patent No. 17,023 of 1902 to
Eugene Bonnard for taking one and one end
15 leases between the different beams on the creel
making up the loom beam, and that it has been
standard practice in the trade for many years to
provide a hook lease reed embodying both of
these leasing features but with the upper por
tions of the dents rigidly joined together as well
as the lower portions thereof, requiring the ne
cessity of twisting in or drawing-in each indi
vidual end through the reed, so far as I am aware
I am the ?rst to provide a hook lease reed having
a removable top to provide a structure having all
the advantages of a solid hook lease reed yet per
mitting the laying-in or dropping-in of the indi
vidual ends between the dents and permitting
the taking of all types of full or half leases there
30 in regardless of the number of yarn beams em
ployed in making up one loom beam. In the
prior art it has been necessary to employ one lease
reed to each yarn beam or use the old method of
drawing-in or twisting-in through a single hook
30 LT lease reed, both expensive and laborious methods.
In the provision of a hook lease reed of this de
scription it is necessary not'only to retain the
upper extremities of the dents in longitudinal
alignment but it is highly desirable to apply lon
40 gitudinal compression to the ends of a row of
aligned dents to make the upper portions of the
dents as rigid as formerly employed‘in former
types of rigid hook lease reeds. To keep the
dents in longitudinal alignment, I preferably pro
; vide a removable upper cap or rod member hav
ing a longitudinal slot therein of substantially
the thickness of the dents, and to apply com—
pression to the ends of the row of aligned dents,
I preferably provide wedge plates detachably in~
;) 0 sertable between the usual end plates of the hook
(Cl. 28-40)
blocks of equal length soldered to similar end
walls thereof to equally space the upper extremi
ties of said dents, said blocks preferably also hav
ing upper walls inclined downwardly from said
dents to permit the ready laying-in of an end of
yarn between each dent.
In order to provide a
positively rigid structure, I preferably provide
means preferably comprising cap members
threadedly adjustable on the ends of said rod to
compress the upper extremities of said longitu
dinally aligned plates, wedges and dents to pro
vide a hook lease reed having as rigid an upper
portion as the former types of hook lease reeds
not provided with removable tops.
A further object of my invention is to provide‘
on removal of said wedges and-the longitudinally
aligning and compressing cap and compressing
means a ready longitudinal flexibility of the indi
vidual dents to permit the easy laying-in or
dropping-in of the requisite number of ends, and
during this operation, I preferably provide means
tive capacity of the slasher 30% and permitting
the use of less skilled and fewer operators than
are required to accurately twist-in or draw-in the
ends.
dents into accurate longitudinal alignment, pref
erably also employing a type of spacing solder
5
a A further object of my invention is to provide
a construction capable of providing a more per
fect warp than hitherto possible insuring that all
ends be parallel as more accurate control of yarn
ends is possible.
A further object of my invention is to provide
a construction permitting the more ready detec
tion of any end or ends that may be missing on
the section beam during the creeling-in opera
tion and a construction which will positively
‘avoid any possibility of crossing ends.
Further objects of my invention are to provide
l
lease reed and the ends of the row of longitudi
nally aligned dents to compress the upper ex
tremities of the longitudinally aligned ?exible
0
or bars for retaining the upper portions of said
dents in longitudinal alignment during the re
moval of said rod or cap for threading in the ends
between said dents. Employing my improved
type of rigid hook lease reed as against the well 25
known type of rigid hook lease reed permitting
the laying or dropping-in of the ends instead of
the'twisting-in or drawing-in of the ends, I am
enabled to save 50-70% of the time and labor
required in setting up a new loom beam from a 30
set of yarn beams based on the total time it is
necessary to shut the slasher down in changing
over and thereby increasing the total produc
a construction permitting more ready access to
the warp in case of trouble from piling up which
occurs when yarn ends become crossed or due
to breakage and one which is easier to ?x when
the yarn breaks near the reed. In comparison
with the new types of double creel systems for
5
2,117,909
in said systems without the necessity of the large
inner ends of said socket plates 26 and the outer
ends of said row E2 of dents Hi. If the socket
plates 28 be employed, the lower extremities of
the flat socket plates 26 and the lower extremi
ties of the ?at end plates i 5 are suitably soldered
capital investment or large ?oor areas required
within said split tube byvthe solder 24.
changing sets of yarn beams to make up a loom
beam, it is apparent that employing my im
proved reed the loom’beam may be set up to op
erate at substantially the same speed as required
Cl
by said systems.
These and such other objects of my invention
as may hereinafter appear will be best understood
10 from a description of an embodiment thereof
such as shown in the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a front elevation of
a hook lease reed with a removable top construct
ed in accordance with my invention with the
angle bars removed and showing the reed with
parts assembled for actual leasing.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken aloner
the line 2—2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a disassembled front elevation of my
20 improved hook lease reed with the compression
means, wedges and removable top removed but
With the aligning bars inserted in position for the
laying or dropping in of the ends in the spaces
between the individual dents, parts of the cap
members and rods being shown in section.
Fig. 4 is a detailed sectional view taken along
the line 4—4 of Fig. 3.
In the drawings, wherein like characters of
reference indicate like parts throughout, Ill gen
30 erally indicates a hook lease reedhaving a remov
able top constructed in accordance with my in
vention. Said reed includes a row i2 of longi
tudinally aligned dents Hi and ?at end plates iii
of substantially the thickness of said dents and
means to join the lower extremities of said row l2
of longitudinally aligned dents and end plates in
longitudinal alignment, in my preferred embodi
ment comprising a longitudinally split tube l9,
into the longitudinal split i‘! of which the lower
It is thus obvious that with this construction
a certain amount of longitudinal ?exibility of the
upper extremities of the aligned row of dents
is permitted and to equally space the upper ex 10
tremities of said dents and to provide means to
permit the relative longitudinal tilting of said
dent upper extremities, said dents have the blocks
42 of equal length soldered to similar end walls 44
thereof, said blocks 42 having upper Walls 46 15
inclined downwardly from said dents.
Said dents H! are also provided with a hook 48
projecting downwardly at a spaced distance from
each dent. While said hooks may be constructed
in any convenient manner, in my preferred em
20
bodiment the blocks 6.2 are preferably provided
with recesses 59 in the lower walls thereof adja
cent said dents and the hooks 48 comp-rise the
strips 52 having the upper extremities 54 thereof
soldered within said recesses 50 and the lower 25
hock forming tips 58 thereof projecting down
wardly at spaced distances from each dent and
to accurately space said tips 48 substantially mid
way of adjacent dents, the solder blocks 55 are
provided vertically spaced from the lower tips 48 30
of said hooks to join the lower portions of said
strips 52 to said similar dent surfaces. It is ob
vious that with this construction a hook lease reed
is provided capable of taking a full one to one
lease. If it be also desired to provide a hook
lease reed capable of taking half leases, solder
blocks 60 are preferably provided joining opposite
secured preferably by solder at equally spaced
alternate dents together near the lower portions
thereof and if desired similar staggered alternate
supplemental hooks and solder blocks may be pro 40
vided to join opposite alternate dents together
longitudinal distances by means preferably com
prising a lower helical spring l8 and an upper
near the upper portions thereof to facilitate
manufacture of some special warps.
helical spring 28, each having the winds thereof
As stated hitherto, in order to rigidly compress
the upper extremities of said dents together in
40 extremities of the longitudinally aligned dents are
45 interposed between adjacent dents and suitably
soldered thereto by the solder 22, the lower ex
tremities of said flat end plates being also soldered
within said split tube l9 by the solder 2d exterior
of the ends of said row of aligned dents. In my
50 preferred embodiment, to provide a more desir
able construction I provide the intermediate flat
socket plates 26 also substantially the thickness
of said dents and also having the lower extremi
ties thereof soldered within said split tube ill at
spaced longitudinal distances from opposite ends
of said row of aligned dents. In the preferred
embodiment said socket plates 26 are provided
with aligned bar receiving studs 3!] projecting
longitudinal alignment, I provide the longitudinal
wedge plates 40, also of substantially the thickness
of said dents adapted to be interposed between
said row of longitudinally aligned dents and
socket plates 26, if employed, or end plates I6 50
if said socket plates 25 be not employed, having
outer end walls 515 adapted to abut the inner end
walls of said socket plates ‘25 or end plates i5
and terminating in inner end walls having lower
upwardly inclined cam portions 66 and substan
tially vertical upper locking portions 68 adapted
to abut the outer ends of said aligned row of
dents and compress them into substantially ver
from each side thereof near the upper end there
of and receiving sockets 32 near the upper inner
tical alignment.
ends thereof, in the preferred embodiment said
of said socket plates for receiving projections 65
from the outer ends of said wedge plates 40, each
projection 65 being formed by providing a vertical
notch 10 in the lower wall thereof spaced from the
outer end wall thereof to provide the downward 65
projection 65 to compactly ?t within each
socket 32.
sockets 32 being provided by having the upper
ends of said plates 29 cut away as at 34, at each
inner end thereof, with the upper end of each
socket plate below said cut-away portion having
a vertical notch 36 therein and guideway forming
plates 38 secured to each side wall of each plate
on opposite sides of said notch 36, forming the
vertical socket 32 with said vertical notch 36. In
the event that the socket plates 26 be omitted, the
end plates l6 are similarly spaced from each end
of the row of aligned dents for the insertion of
the-wedge means ill], to be described between the
inner ends thereof and the outer ends of the
aligned row of dents, instead of between the
As stated hitherto, the sockets
32 are preferably provided
the inner walls
As stated hitherto, I also provide a removable
cap member 62 provided with a longitudinal slot
12 therein of substantially the thickness of said 70
dents l4, wedges 4D and plates I6 and/or 26 for
receiving the upper extremities of said dents,
wedges and plates and supplementally retaining
them in longitudinal alignment. For a purpose
to be described, said rod 62 is preferably provided 75
2,117,909
with the externally threaded ends 14. As also
stated hitherto, I provide means to longitudinally
dependent on the type of cloth to be woven. In
so combining a large number of ends of yarn to
compress the upper extremities of. said aligned '
dents, wedges and plates to provide a hook lease
reed having a rigid upper portion and in my pre
ferred embodiment said means comprises the
hollow cap members 16 internally threaded as at
18 for receiving each externally threaded end
of said rod cap member 62 having inwardly pro
10 jecting circular inner annular lips 80 adapted to
rotate Within and abut the inner surfaces of
notches 82 cut in the outer end walls of the end
plates l6 near the upper extremities thereof to
longitudinally compress the upper extremities
of said aligned plates, wedges and dents between
said opposite cap members 16 to- provide a hook
lease reed having a rigid upper portion. The
annular projections 80‘ and notches 82 are pro
vided to prevent the cap members 16 from riding
20 upwards on the end plates as compression is ex
erted thereon.
In order to lay in or drop in the ends of yarn
in the spaces between the dents I4, the slotted
cap member or rod 62 is removed after releasing
25 compression from or total removal of the cap
nut members 16 therefrom and the wedges 40
are removed from their sockets to permit longi—
tudinal ?exibility of the upper ends of said dents
so that they may conveniently receive the ends
of yarn between them, and in order to retain the
row of dents in substantially longitudinal align
ment, I provide suitable bars 86 in the preferred
embodiment the L-bars shown having notches
84 therein for receiving the aligning studs 30
35 therein so that said bars may abut the side walls
of the aligned dents for retaining the upper por
tions of said dents in longitudinal alignment
while laying-in the ends of yarn between said
dents.
It is thus obvious that after the ends of yarn
40
. are laid between said dents, the wedges 40 are
_ re-inserted to compress the dents into substan~
tially vertical alignment, the outer ends 64 of
said wedges bearing against the inner ends of
said ?at plates for this purpose and the upper
extremities of said dents being equally spaced
by the flat free end walls 45 of said blocks 42
abutting adjacent dent end wall portions after
which the cap member 62 may be inserted over
the upper extremities of said aligned dents,
wedges and plates, the upper extremities of said
aligned dents, wedges, and plates compactly ?t
ting within the longitudinal slot 12 therein and
the end cap members 16 screwed on to the ex
tremities of said rod 62 to longitudinally com
press the upper extremities of said thus aligned
upper extremities of said dents, wedges and
plates to provide a hook lease reed having a posi
tively rigid upper portion.
Then the bars 86
C O being no longer necessary, may be removed and
the desired half leases or full leases taken as is
customary in the trade for hook lease reeds,
otherwise known as Scotch hook reeds in the fol
lowing manner,
,
In the making up of a warp for the ultimate
weaving of cloth it is necessary to combine a
multitude of separate ends of yarn onto one large
beam or spool. This spool is then placed in the
loom, woven together with the ?lling to produce
70 a strong interwoven web or fabric.
The large spool or beam of warp yarn is made
up by combining the yarn from several other
large spools, each containing a given number of
ends of yarn. The number of ends of yarn to
-75 be combined together in forming one warp are
3
gether, di?iculty is experienced in keeping each
piece of yarn in proper relation to its neighbors
especially in the cotton process of warping where
the separate sheets of yarn from several smaller
spools or beams are passed through a slasher
which impregnates the yarn with a sizing ben
e?cial to the yarn in the weaving process. Size
is an organic material in liquid form and a sub 10
stance which has some adhesive qualities. If the
mass of yarn ends were allowed to pass through
the slasher without being separated one from the
other, several ends could. become crossed thereby
causing trouble in the weaving operation. To
keep the yarn straight and parallel in this opera
tion a device called a hook reed is used. In the
use of this reed the yarn from each separate
beam to be combined together to make the whole
warp, is introduced into the reed by placing one 20
end of yarn into» each dent space. The beam is
made up to conform to the number of dents in
the reed. Any number of beams may be used
but it is necessary that an even number of ends
be introduced into each dent space.
25
The hook reed itself is composed of a number
of parallel vertical dents. Every other dent at
the bottom side of the reed is joined together
with a block of solder. Each dent on the top
side of the reed has a thin flat dent wire at 30
tached to it but separated in such a manner as
to form a short hook. The yarn may be passed
into the space between the hook and the dent,
bottoming against the block which fastens the
hook onto the dent wire. Again by pressing the
yarn to the opposite side of the dent space, the
yarn is free to pass into the space between the
hook and the next dent and pass freely to the
top of the reed. Means therefore are presented
which enables an operator to split the combined v.40
spools which form the warp into separate sheets
of yarn and by splitting these, as will be. de
scribed, to keep the yarn in its proper relation
one end to the other. In operation the reed is
drawn-in, twisted-in or layed-in. These terms 45
simply mean that the separate yarn ends are
separately introduced into the proper dent space
in the reed. As each complete beam is intro
duced to the reed in its entirety a rod is so ar
ranged between the beam and the reed as to have
the yarn pass over it forming a separate sheet
of yarn. Each beam is so treated. After all
beams are thus introduced to the reed the
combined ends of yarn are split half and half.
This is done by pressing the ends of yarn to the
bottom. of the reed. Half the ends go no further
than the blocks at the bottom of the reed and
the other half pass down to the rib or bottom
of the reed. On the. side of the reed towards
the slasher a small tunnel or space is thus formed
through which a rod may be passed and followed
through by a string. This process is called taking
a half lease. The ends of yarn are again moved
into the center of the reed and the yarn moved
into the machine a short Way to provide equal
tension on all ends. The operator then stops the
movement of the yarn and proceeds to take a full
lease in the warp. He does this as follows. The
sheet formed by the beam furthest away from
the reed is separated from its fellows by the rod
50
60
65
70
previously inserted. The rod is grasped by the
operators and brought toward the reed being
thrust slightly to the hook side of the dents. This
pushes the yarn against the side of the dents in
the reed. When all ends are in contact with the 75
2,117,909
4
reed a slight upward movement is made and the
yarn end brought up against the block which fas
tens the hook wire. The rod is then placed in a
‘bracket in such a manner as to produce a strain
on the yarn suf?cient to hold it in place. rThe
next sheet of yarn is treated in a like manner,
but the thrust movement is to the opposite side.
and end plates in longitudinal alignment, the
upper extremities of said dents having blocks of
equal lengthsoldered to similar end walls there
of, said blocks having upper walls inclined down
wardly from said dents and hooks projecting
downwardly from said similar end surfaces of
The upward movement this time allows the yarn
to pass the hook and rest against the top of the
reed. Alternate succeeding beams are treated
, likewise. At the conclusion of this operation half
the ends of yarn are resting in the hook space
and the other half are at the top of the reed.
Each individual yarn end is in correct relation to
the other yarn ends. Again a tunnel of triangu
lar space is formed at the machine side of the
reed. The rod and string are introduced. The
rod is removed leaving the string in place. This
gives a (one and one) half lease. The lease is
11;) completed by reversing the process, i. e., the ?rst
beam or beam furthest away from the reed is
passed by the hooks to the top of the reed, the
second is passed into the hooks, etc.
Through
the tunnel or space formed by thus splitting the
warp a rod and string are passed. The rod is
said dents having lower hook forming tips pro
jecting downwardly at spaced longitudinal dis
tances from each of said dents, longitudinal
wedge plates also of substantially the thickness 10
of said dents adapted to be longitudinally inter
posed between said row of longitudinally aligned
dents and end plates having outer end walls
adapted to abut the inner end walls of said end
plates and inner end walls adapted to abut the 15
outer ends of said aligned row of dents and com
press them into substantially vertical alignment,
and a rod having a longitudinal slot therein of
substantially the thickness of said dents, wedges
and plates for receiving the upper extremities of 20
said dents, wedges and plates and retaining them
in longitudinal alignment.
3. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of ion
gitudinally aligned dents, ?at end plates of sub
again removed leaving the string in place. Thus
stantially the thickness of said dents and means
to join the lower extremities of said row of longi
we have taken two half leases (one and one).
Two adjacent ends of yarn in cross section would
appear as shown below. The formation of the
web or double X is kept intact by the two in
serted strings and the whole warp may now be
tudinal alignment, the upper extremities of said
dents having blocks of equal length soldered to
similar end walls thereof, said blocks having upper 30
walls inclined downwardly from said dents and
tudinally aligned dents and end plates in longi
passed all the way through the slasher without
hooks projecting downwardly from said similar
the relation of one end of yarn to another being
disturbed. In other words, the 55th end on each
: beam and all ends will be parallel throughout
forming tips projecting downwardly at spaced
passage through the machine.
To remove the ends from the lease-reed it is
obvious that it is merely necessary to unscrew
the cap members '56, remove the rod 62 and
wedges Ml, and by bearing the ends of yarn
40
against the free dent end surfaces, they may be
raised upwards past the hook tips 48 by the flex
ing of the individual dents past the blocks 112.
It is understood that my invention is not lim
ited to the speci?c embodiment shown and that
45
various deviations may be made therefrom with
out departing from the spirit and scope of the
appended claims.
What I claim is:
.
1. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of
longitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of
substantially the thickness of said dents and
means to joint the lower extremities of said row
of longitudinally aligned dents and end plates
in longitudinal alignment, the upper extremities
of said dents having blocks of equal length sol
dered to similar end walls thereof, said blocks
having upper walls inclined downwardly from
said dents and hooks projecting. downwardly
from said similar end surfaces of said dents hav
(in ing lower hook forming tips projecting down
wardly at spaced longitudinal distances from
each of said dents, a rod having a longitudinal
slot therein of substantially the thickness of said
- dents and plates for receiving the upper extremi
ties of said dents and plates and retaining them
in longitudinal alignment and having externally
threaded ends and internally threaded cap mem—
bers for each end of said rod having inner ends
adapted to abut the outer ends of said end plates.
2. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of
longitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of
substantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith, and means to join the lower extremi
ties of said row of longitudinally aligned dents
end surfaces of said dents, having lower hook
longitudinal distances from each of said dents, ‘ -
and means to longitudinally compress the upper
extremities of said aligned plates and dents to
gether to provide a hook lease reed having a
rigid upper portion.
4. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of sub
stantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith and means to join the lower extremities
of said row of longitudinally aligned dents and
end plates in longitudinal alignment, the upper
extremities of said dents having blocks of equal
length soldered to similar end walls thereof, said
blocks havingupper walls inclined downwardly
from said dents and hooks projecting downward
ly from said similar end surfaces of said dents,
having lower hook forming tips projecting down
wardly at spaced distances from each dent and
longitudinal wedge plates also of substantially
the thickness of said dents adapted to be longi
tudinally interposed between said row of longi
tudinally aligned dents and end plates having
outer end walls adapted to abut the inner end
Walls of said end plates and terminating in inner
end walls having lower upwardly inclined cam
portions and substantially vertical upper locking 60
portions adapted to abut the outer ends of said
aligned row of dents and compress them into sub
stantially vertical alignment.
5. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents, ?at end plates of sub
stantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith and means to join the lower extremi
ties of said row of longitudinally aligned dents and
end plates in longitudinal alignment, the upper
extremities of said dents having blocks of equal
length soldered to similar end walls thereof, said
blocks having upper walls inclined downwardly
from said dents and hooks projecting downward
ly from said similar end surfaces of said dents,
having lower hook forming tips projecting down
2,117,909
wardly at spaced distances from each dent and
longitudinal wedge plates also of substantially the
thickness of said dents adapted to be longitudi
nally interposed between said row of longitudi
nally aligned dents and end plates having outer
end walls adapted to abut the inner end walls
of said end plates and terminating in the inner
end walls adapted to abut the outer ends of‘ said
aligned row of dents and compress them into sub
10 stantially vertical alignment.
6. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of longi
tudinally aligned dents, ?at socket plates of sub
stantially the thickness of said dents, means to
secure the lower extremities of said dents and
15 plates in longitudinal alignment with said socket
plates at spaced longitudinal distances from op
posite ends of said row of aligned dents, said sock
et plates having the upper ends thereof cut away
at each inner end thereof with the upper end of
20 each socket plate below said cut away portion
having a vertical notch therein and guideway
forming plates secured to the side wall of each
plate on opposite sides of said notch forming a
vertical socket with said vertical notch, flat end
25 plates of substantially the thicknessof said dents
and means to join the lower extremities of said
end plates in longitudinal alignment with said
row of longitudinally aligned dents, the upper ex
tremities of said dents having blocks of equal
length soldered to similar end walls thereof, said
blocks having upper walls inclined downwardly
from said dents and hooks projecting downward
ly from said similar end surfaces of said dents,
35
having lower hook forming tips projecting down
wardly at spaced longitudinal distances from
5,
outer end walls adapted to abut the inner end
walls of said end plates and inner end walls
adapted to abut the outer ends of said aligned
row of dents and compress them into substan
tially vertical alignment and means to longitudi
nally compress the upper extremities of said
aligned plates, wedges, and dents, to provide a
hook lease reed having a rigid upper portion.
8. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of sub 10
stantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith and means to join the lower extrem
ities of said row of longitudinally aligned dents
and end plates in longitudinal alignment, the
upper extremities of said dents having blocks of
equal length soldered to similar end walls thereof,
said blocks having upper walls inclined down
wardly from said dents and hooks projecting
downwardly from said similar end surfaces of
said dents, having lower hook forming tips pro 20
jecting downwardly at spaced longitudinal dis
tances from each of said dents, longitudinal
wedge plates also of substantially the thickness
of said dents adapted to be longitudinally inter
posed between said row of longitudinally aligned 25
dents and end plates having outer end walls
adapted to abut the inner end walls of said end
plates and adapted to abut the outer ends of
said aligned row of dents and compress them
into substantially vertical alignment, a rod hav 30:
ing a longitudinal slot therein of substantially
the thickness of said dents, wedges and plates
for receiving the upper extremities of said dents,
wedges and plates and retaining them in longi
tudinal alignment and having externally thread_ 35
each of said dents, longitudinal wedge plates also , ed ends and internally threaded cap members for
of substantially the thickness of said dents hav
each end of said rod having inwardly projecting
ing vertical notches in the lower wall thereof annular inner ends adapted to abut the-outer
spaced from the outer end walls thereof to pro
ends of said end plates to longitudinally compress
40 vide downward projections to compactly lit with
the upper extremities of said aligned plates,
in each socket, and having inner walls adapted wedges and dents to provide a hook lease reed
to abut the outer ends of said aligned row of dents
and compress them into substantially vertical
alignment, a rod having a longitudinal slot there
45 in of substantially the thickness of said dents,
wedges and. plates for‘ receiving the upper ex
tremities of said dents, wedges and plates and
retaining them in longitudinal alignment and hav
ing externally threaded ends, and internally
50' threaded
cap members for each end of saidrod
having inwardly projecting annular inner ends
adapted to abut the outer ends of said end plates
to longitudinal]? compress the upper extremities
of said aligned plates, wedges and dents to pro
55 vide a hook lease reed having a rigid upper por
tion.
'
‘7. A hook lease reed comprising, a longitudi
nally split tube, a row of longitudinally aligned
dents having the lower extremities thereof sol
60 dered at equally spaced longitudinal distances
having a rigid upper portion.
9. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents, flat socket plates of
substantially the thickness of said dents, means 45
to secure the lower extremities of said dents and
plates in longitudinal alignment with said socket
plates at spaced longitudinal distances from oppo
site ends of said row of aligned dents, said socket
plates having the upper ends thereof cut away 50
at each inner end thereof with the inner end of
each socket plate below said cut away portion
having a vertical notch therein and guideway
forming plates secured to the side wall of each
plate on opposite sides of said notch forming a 55
vertical socket with said vertical notch, the upper
extremities of said dents having blocks of equal
length soldered to similar end walls thereof, said
blocks having upper walls inclined downwardly
from said dents and hooks projecting downwardly 60
Within said split tube, ?at end plates of substan
tially the thickness of said dents having the low
er extremities thereof soldered within said split
tube exterior of said dents, the upper extremities
of said dents having blocks of equal length sol
dered to similar end walls thereof, said blocks hav
ing upper walls inclined downwardly from said
ing lower hook forming tips projecting down
wardly at spaced’ longitudinal distances from
each of said dents, longitudinal wedge plates
also of substantially the thickness of said dents 65
having vertical notches in the lower walls there
dents and hooks projecting downwardly from said
provide downward projections to compactly ?t
similar end surfaces of said dents, having lower
from said similar end surfaces of said dents, hav
of spaced from the outer end walls thereof to
within each of said sockets, adapted to abut the
hook forming tips projecting downwardly at
outer ends of said aligned row of dents and com
spaced longitudinal distances from each of said
press them into substantially vertical alignment,
dents, longitudinal wedge plates also of substan
tially the thickness of said dents adapted to be
longitudinally interposed between said row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents and end plates having
70
and means to longitudinally compress the upper
extremities of said aligned plates, wedges and
dents to provide a hook lease reed having a rigid
upper portion.
75
6
2,1 17,909
10. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents, ‘flat end plates of sub
stantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith and means to join’ the lower extrem
‘ itiesof said row of longitudinally aligned dents
and end plates in longitudinal alignment, the
upper extremities of said dents having blocks
of equal length soldered to similar end walls
thereof, said blocks having upper walls inclined
10 downwardly from said dents and hooks pro
jecting downwardly from said similar end sur—
faces of said dents, having lower hook forming
tips projecting downwardly at spaced longitudinal
distances from each of said dents, longitudinal
15 wedge plates also of substantially the thickness
of said dents adapted to be longitudinally inter
posed between said row of longitudinally aligned
dents and end plates having outer end Walls
adapted to abut the inner end walls of said end
20 plates and inner end walls adapted to abut the
outer ends of said aligned row of dents and com
press them into substantially vertical alignment,
means to longitudinally compress the upper ex
tremities of said alignedplates, wedges and dents
25 to provide a hook lease reed having a rigid upper
portion and means for retaining the upper por
tions of said dents in longitudinal alignment'dur
ing removal of said compressing means and
wedges for laying-in the ends between said dents.
30,
1l.'A hook lease reed comprising, a row of
longitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of
substantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith and means to join the lower extrem
ities of said row of longitudinally aligned dents
and end plates in longitudinal alignment, the
upper extremities of said dents having blocks of
equal length soldered to similar end walls there
of, said blocks having upper walls inclined down:
wardly from said dents and hooks projecting
downwardly from said similar end surfaces of
said dents, having lower hook forming tips pro
jecting downwardly at spaced longitudinal dis
tances from each of said dents, longitudinal wedge
plates also of substantially the thickness of said
45 dents adapted to be longitudinally interposed be
tween said row of longitudinally aligned dents
and end plates having outer end walls adapted
to abut the inner end walls of said end plates
and terminating in inner end walls adapted to
50
abut the outer ends :of said aligned row (of dents
‘and compress them into substantially vertical
alignment, means to ‘longitudinally compress the
upper extremities of said aligned plates, wedges
at longitudinally spaced distances from each of
said dents and solder blocks spaced from .the
lower tips of said hooks joining the lower portions
of said strips to said similar dent end surfaces,
longitudinal wedge plates also of substantially the
thickness of said dents adapted to be longitudi
nally interposed between said row of longitudi
nally aligned dents and end plates having outer
end walls adapted to abut the inner end walls of
said end plates and inner end walls adapted to
abut the outer ends of said aligned row of dents
and compress them into substantially vertical
alignment, and means to longitudinally compress
the , upper extremities of said aligned plates,
Wedges and dents to provide a hook lease reed
having a rigid upper portion.
13. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of
longitudinally aligned dents, ?at end plates of
substantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith and means to join the lower extremities 20,
of said row of longitudinally aligned dents and
end plates in. longitudinal alignment, the upper
extremities of said dents having blocks of equal
length soldered to similar end walls thereof, said
blocks ‘having upper walls inclined downwardly
from said dents and hooks projecting downwardly
from said similar end surfaces of said dents hav
ing lower hook forming tips projecting down
wardly at longitudinally spaced distances from
each of said dents, longitudinal wedge plates also 30.
of substantially the thickness of said dents adapt
ed to be longitudinally interposed between said
row of longitudinally aligned dents and end plates
having outer end walls adapted to abut the inner'
end walls of said endplates and inner end walls 3-5
adapted to abut the outer ends of said aligned
row of dents and compress them into substan
tially vertical alignment, and means to longitudi
nally compress the upper extremities of said
aligned plates, wedges and dents to provide 'a 40
hook lease reed having a rigid upper portion.
14. A hook'lease reed comprising, a longitudi
nally split tube, .a row of longitudinally aligned
dents having the lower extremities thereof sol
dered at equally spaced longitudinal distances 4.5
within said split'tube, ?at socket plates of sub
stantially'the thickness of said dents having the
lower extremities thereof soldered within said
split tube at spaced longitudinal distances from
opposite ends of said row of aligned dents having 5,0
aligned studs projecting laterally from each side
thereof near the upper ends thereof and the up
per ends thereof cut' away at each inner end
thereof with the outer end of each guide plate
below said cut away portion having a vertical 55
notch therein and guideway forming plates se
cured to the side wall of each plate on opposite
longitudinal alignment during removal of said sides of said notch forming vertical sockets with
said vertical notch, flat end plates of substan
compressing means for laying-in the ends be
tially the’ thickness of said dents’ having the 60
60 tween said dents.
lower extremities thereof also soldered Within
12. A vhook lease reed comprising, a row of
longitudinally aligned dents, ?at end plates of said split tube exterior of said ?at socket plates,
substantially the thickness of said dents aligned and notches in the upper portions of ‘the outer
therewith and means to join the lower extremities ends thereof, the upper extremities of said dents
of said row of longitudinally aligned dents and, having blocks of equal length soldered to similar 65
end plates in longitudinal alignment, the upper end walls thereof, said blocks having upper walls
extremities of said dents having blocks of equal inclined downwardly from the upper ends of said
length soldered to similar end walls thereof, said dents and recesses" in the lower walls thereof adja
blocks having upper walls inclined downwardly cent said dents,hooks projecting downwardly from
said similar end surfaces of said dents, comprising
70 from said dents and recesses in the lower walls
thereof adjacent said dents, hooks projecting strips having the upper extremities thereof sol
downwardly from said similar end surfaces of said dered within said recesses and lower hook form
ing tips projecting downwardly at spaced dis
dents, comprising strips having the upper ex
tremities thereof soldered within said recesses and tances from each of said dents and solder blocks
lower hook forming tips projecting downwardly spaced from the lower tips of said hooks joining
and dents to provide a hook lease reed having
55 a rigid upper portion and ‘bars adapted to be
attached to opposite sides of said row ‘of dents
for retaining the upper portions of said dents in
2,117,909
the lower portions of said strips to said similar
dent end surfaces and solder blocks joining alter
nate dents together near the lower portions there
7
and internally threaded cap members for each
end of said rod having inner ends adapted to abut
the outer ends of said end plates.
of, longitudinal wedge plates also of substantially
16. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of
the thickness of said dents having vertical notches
in the lower walls thereof spaced from the outer
longitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of 5
substantially the thickness of said dents aligned
therewith, and means to join the lower extremi
end walls thereof to provide downward projec
tions to compactly ?t within each socket, and
inner end walls having lower upwardly inclined
10 cam portions and substantially vertical upper
locking portions adapted to abut the outer ends
of said aligned row of dents and compress them
into substantially vertical alignment, a rod having
a longitudinal slot therein of substantially the
15 thickness of said dents, wedges and plates for re
ceiving the upper extremities of said dents,
wedges and plates and retaining them in longi
tudinal alignment and having externally thread
ed ends, internally threaded cap members for
20 each end of said rod having inwardly projecting
annular inner ends adapted to abut the notches
in the outer ends of said end plates to longitudi
nally compress the upper extremities of said
aligned plates, wedges and dents to provide a
25 hook lease reed having a rigid upper portion and
bars having notches therein for hooking on said
aligned studs for retaining the upper portions of
said dents in longitudinal alignment during re
moval of said rod for laying-in the ends between
30 said dents.
15. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of lon
gitudinally aligned dents, flat end plates of sub
stantially the thickness of said dents and means
to join the lower extremities of said row of longi
35 tudinally aligned dents and end plates in longi
tudinal alignment, the upper extremities of said
dents having spacing means of equal length pro
jecting from end walls thereof, said means hav
ing upper walls inclined downwardly from said
40 dents and hooks projecting downwardly from
said end walls of said dents having lower hook
forming tips projecting downwardly at spaced
longitudinal distances from each of said dents,
a rod having a longitudinal slot therein of sub
stantially the thickness of said dents and plates
for receiving the upper extremities of said dents
and plates and retaining them in longitudinal
alignment and having externally threaded ends
ties of said row of longitudinally aligned dents
and end plates in longitudinal alignment, the
upper extremities of said dents having spacing 10
means of equal length projecting from end walls
thereof, said means having upper walls inclined
downwardly from said dents and hooks pro
jecting downwardly from said end walls of said
dents having lower hook’ forming tips projecting
downwardly at spaced longitudinal distances
from each of said dents, longitudinal wedge
plates also of substantially the thickness of said
dents adapted to be longitudinally interposed
between said row of longitudinally aligned dents 20
and end plates having outer end walls adapted to
abut the inner end walls of said end plates and
inner end walls adapted to abut the outer ends
of said aligned row of dents and compress them
into substantially vertical alignment, and a rod 25
having a longitudinal slot therein of substantial
ly the thickness of said dents, wedges and plates
for receiving the upper extremities of said dents,
wedges and plates and retaining them in longi
tudinal alignment.
30
1'7. A hook lease reed comprising, a row of
longitudinally aligned dents, ?at end plates of
substantially the thickness of said dents and
means to join the lower extremities of said row
of longitudinally aligned dents and end plates 35
in longitudinal alignment, the upper extremities
of said dents having spacing means of equal
length projecting from end walls thereof, said
means having upper walls inclined downwardly
from said dents and hooks projecting down~ 40
wardly from said end walls of said dents, having
lower hook forming tips projecting downwardly
at spaced longitudinal distances from each of
said dents, and means to longitudinally compress
the upper extremities of said aligned plates and 45
dents together to provide a hook lease reed hav
ing a rigid upper portion.
ALBERT J. OWLER.
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