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Патент USA US2118294

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May 24, 193s.
J. H. cox
Filed April 1, 1936
2 sheets-sheet 1
av 3m ‘f A! M
May 24, 1938.
J. H. cox
Filed April 1, 1936
2,118,294 '
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
B* “ïgjîp
Patented May 24, 193sI
OFFICE 2,118,294
.ïames H. Cox, Los Angeles, Calif., assìgnor'of
one-half to Daniel W. Cox, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application April l, 1936, ScrialNo. 72,096
14 Claims.
This invention relates to dispensers for ñuids;
such, for example, as are used in and about serv
ice stations for automotive vehicles. As shown
and herein described, it is used primarily for dis
CTl pensing water and air. It is to be understood,
however, that it is adaptable for dispensing other`
fluids and for use in places other than service
on or about March 4, 1935, 1 med application'
, l0 N0. 9,189 for a patent covering an apparatus for
the same general purpose.
Subsequently, I made
some changes in that >apparatus which changes
are embodied in the present invention. As re
spects the subject matter that is common to these
l5 applications, the present case may be considered
a continuation in part of the said earlier appli
cation, although the latter has now become aban-,
(Cl. 299-77) '
view on the line 2_2 of Fig. l; Fig. 3 is a similar
vview as on lthe line 3_3 of Fig. 1 but showing a
modified structure and illustrating a means for
maintaining the temperature within the well
above the freezingv point; Fig, 4 is a plan view 5
showing the upper face of the cover, the dispens
ing valves being removed;- Fig. 5 is a transverse
or horizontaly section taken on the line 5_5 of
Fig. l; Fig. 6 is a similar view on the line 6_5
of Fig. 3; Fig. 7 is a side elevation of a modiñed 10
structure embodying my invention; Fig. 8 is an
isometric view of the removable part of the cover;
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary sectional View taken dia
metrically through one of the sheaves; Fig. 10 'is
a sectional View taken centrally through yone of l5
the balls for supporting the dispensing pipes; and
Fig. 11 ls a sectional view taken longitudinally
through the outer end of one of the dispensing
The principal objects of the invention are the pipes.
20 provision of a dispensing apparatus which shall
Taking up a description of the invention by 20'
be economical in manufacture and reliable in-use; reference to the drawings, omitting for the pres'- Y
which shall not be subjected to excessive wear . ent the modification shown in Fig. ‘7, 2B is a. casing
‘ and will be durable; which will not permit abra
or well which is usually embedded in the ground,
sion of the dispensing hose against the guides or standing vertically therein with the ground level
25 the kinkingv of the hose; which is capable -of ready at 2 l. Since it is intended to form a. housing for 25
dismantling if such should become necessary or the dispensing hose when the latter is suspended
desirable; which maintains> the dispensing end of therein from its ends with but a single loop, as
each- hose in accessible' position ready to be will be shown, the casing has a length which
grasped for drawing out the hose-pipes; which approximates one-half the length of the hose;
30 keeps the hose-pipes taut and automatically re ` and the latter will be long enough to reach the 30
turns them to normal position afteruse; which radiators, tires or other devices to he served.
provides an underground guide or Well, preferably ' Transversely, the casing is preferably rectangular,
rectangular or non-circular in transverse cross‘ as shown. In its simpler form, as shown in Figs.
1 and 5, it is made up of two channel-shaped,
section into which the hose is retracted after use;
35 which provides a closure for the upper end of the side members, a and b, each of which has out- 35 . v
well or guide with anti-friction rollers associated wardly-turned ñanges 2|a on its longitudinal
therewith for guiding the hose pipes as they are v edges. When these two members are assembled,
moved in and out of the well; which maintains as- in Fig. 5, they provide a long, rectangular
the service pipes for the hose underground to chamber which is substantially closed at one .end-A
40 prevent freezing of the ñuid and provides means and open at the other en_d. For a reason here# 40
within the well or guide for maintaining a tem
inafter set forth, the casing or well is divided
perature there above the freezing point. These centrally and longitudinally by a partition plate
`and additional advantages and objects will be 22 which extends from the closed-end of the cas
more fully set _forth in the following speciñcaticn. ing to approximately the open end, as seen in
While it is necessary to show and describe a Fig. 2. 'I'his plate has its lateral edges between 45
certain specific structure which embodies my in-_ the flanges 2Ia. and the iianges and plate are l _ `
vention in its preferred form, it is to be under-. . fìxedly attached together, as by welding or -i'ivet
stood that details may be modified without de
ing or both. At and adjacent its open end the
parture from the spirit of the invention and that casing isîwidened at one side to provide a hous
50 the claims herein presented are not intended tobe ing 23. To prevent the accumulation of water 50
limited to the details shown and described any within the casing, the bottom thereof is provided
farther than is required by the termsemployed with drain apertures, as indicated at 23a.
In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional'
55 view on the line I-l of Fig. .2; Fig. 2 is a similar
Extending through and attached to the wall of
the said housingl are the supply pipes for the '
fluids which are to,be dispensed, one of said pipes 55 '
Fig. 1 and if the pipe were, for some reason, ’to
leave the channel and groove of the sheave and
.As-will befunderstood, this type of apparatus is
designed for use4 in veryI cold regions.
The types of apparatus that have been de
get caught between the latter and the casing wall,
the sheave would simply swing from that wall scribed iind their principal uses at service sta
and the pipe would be released without damage. tions' for automotive vehicles for dispensing wa
If, in pulling out a pipe 21, its sheave 40 could ter and air. They are usually placed in the so
be lifted until it contacted with the cover SII-3|, called “island” of `such stations, the casings being
the pipe would be bent so abruptly at and about substantiallyburied in the ground and the cover
the coupling with the _elbow 26 as eventually to just above the ground level as indicated. The
casings, therefore,'form not only guides for the
result in rupture or leakage of the pipe. vTo pre
vent such excessive movement of the sheave, I ' sheaves b_ut retaining walls for holding the surattach to the part 3l of the cover _a stop mem~ rounding earth. 'I‘hen when installed, they are
ber 44 which is. so positioned as- to be engaged by stationary. »In Fig. 'I I have shown a modiiied
the sheave to arrest its movement vbefore such form whichis allY above ground and capable of
15 abrupt bending of the pipe can take place. This movement from place to place. In the service
stop may be, and> preferably is, integral with the' stations referred. to, it is a common practice to
member 34, hereinbefore'described. As shown in - position containers for and dispensers of various
Fig. 2, the stop is centrally positioned over the kinds or grades of oil on a sort of carriage which
partition and projects far enough on both sides-to can be moved about. In- Fig. '1 such a carriage
arrest either or both sheaves.
The reason for placing the controlling valves
25 in the housing 23.wil1 now be explained. If
is'shown, the main body being indicated at 5l,
the housing were not provided, the valves would
any suitable material. .'At each end of _the car
the ground wheels at 52y anda plurality of oil
containers at 53. The body 5I may be made of
have to be in the well or casing proper, where ` riage is an upright pedestal or column 54, the
they would interfere with the sheaves 40 incase same being' connected by a bridge-like structure 25
lit became necessary to dismantle the apparatus, _ 55 upon'which various tools Vfor use about the
as for changing the dispensing pipes 21. With the _ ' station may be placed for convenient access.
valves set back into the housing, it is possible, Within each of the pedestals is a casing or guide
after the cover part 3i has been removed, to raise like or similar, to that shown at 29 invFigs. 1 and
the sheave by pulling on the pipe until the sheave 2, the same appearing in dotted lines at 58. 30
can be grasped by hand. Then it can be lifted Within the casings are the looped dispensing
out of the casing without interference from the , pipes 51 having the dispensing cocks 28 and the
corresponding valve, the deep groove in the
sheave permitting the latter to pass the elbow 26
35 and pipe coupling. Thereafter, the pipe can be
» uncoupled and removed.
Figs. Band 6 show a modified form of the ap
paratus. In them, the reference characters here
tofore used will be employed as far as applicable.
40 The casing membersa" and b'are the same as
the corresponding members a and b except that
the parts forming the bottom of the casing are
somewhat extended _to abut at the center. Be--
balls 29. The pipes are kept taut by the sheaves,
outlined‘at dii. In fact, the structure of the cas
ings and the dispensing elements are the saine 35
as have been described except that they are
mounted within the pedestals instead of being
beneath the ground. Therefore, further illustra
tion and description are deemed unnecessary.
The service supply pipes 58 are above ground 40
and are, of course, long enough to permit the
carriage to be moved about as may be required
when in use.
When the apparatus is not _in use, as when
the station is closed for the night, the cover 3i 45
tically from top to bottom of the casing, thereby or 3|a is moved and the outer ends of the dis
separating the sheave chambers and providing. pensing pipes with their cocks 28 are dropped
a third chamber 46. The members 45 are each 'within the casing, the sheaves then resting upon
tween the ñanges 2la of these members is a pair
45 of intermediate members 45 which extend ver
provided with edge iianges like the ñanges 21e,
50 and partition plates 41 are secured between the
opposing flanges, as shown in Fig. 6.` The plates
41 are like the partition plate 22 except that
they 4are perforated throughout substantially
their entireareas. The interposition of the space 55 46 between the sheave chambers'necessitates a
the bottoms of the casing and the pipes taking
a shape such as is indicated in dotted lines in 50
Fig. 1. The cover is then replaced and secured
in position.
` l
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
. 1. A device of the character described com
prisingan-elongated casing, s_aid casing being
more extended cover plate 31e and a pair of stop
substantially rectangular in transverse cross sec- l
44a for the respective sheaves 40.
tion and deñning an' elongated, rectangularly
shaped chamber, a flexible dispensingpipe at
tached to a source of ñuid supply adjacent the
Within .the chamber 46 is -a heater for main
taining the temperature above the freezing point.
60 Preferably, this heater is ofthe electric type and - top end of said casing and extending from its 60.
is shown as an incandescent electric lamp 48, the
current for which is supplied from some suitable
source and is led to the lamp through conductors
49 within the heating chamber 46. The warmed
65 air rises from the lamp and spreads laterally over
andthrough the perforated plates 41. and de
point of attachment downwardly approximately
to the lower end of the chamber, then doubling
back to provide a loop and then rising within'
and passing out of the chamber, a mobile weight
supported by said dispensing pipe within the 65
loop thereof, said weight-being in the form of
scends in the sheave chambers, thus surrounding , a sheave, the perimeter of the sheave having a v
the dispensing pipes 21 and preventing- the fluid ` shaped groove, the faces of the V intersecting the
therein from freezing during very cold weather. side walls of the sheave, said sheave also having
The best eiïect is secured by placing the heater a channel at the apex of the V-shaped groove,
in the lower part of the heating chamber and by said channel having a diameter approximately
introducing the fluids near the heater. The the same as the diameter of the dispensing pipe
and a depth at least as great as the diameter of
service pipes 50 are then extended upwardly with
in the said chamber where they are surrounded the said pipe, the Width of the casing being suffi
75 by the current of warm air rising from the heater. h cient to prevent binding of the sheave but insum
clent to permit turning of the latter transversely
of its side walls.
attached to the removable part of the cover and
projected downwardly into the chambers and
2. A device as set forth in claim 1 in whichthe
said channel is provided with substantially par
allel side walls against which the said pipe is
adapted to engage and be held centrally of the
sheave and out of contact with the walls ofthe
into the paths of travel of .the sheaves for en@
gagement with the sheaves to arrest their up-v
ward movement and prevent them from engage
ment with the closed cover when the respective
pipes are drawn out from the casing for dis
3. In a device of the character described, an
8. A device as set forth in claim 3 in which the
pensing a Huid.
elongated casing disposed in upright position
removable part of the cover has a member at
and, except for its upper end, buried beneath'
tached thereto. and projected at one of its ends
beyond the notched edge of said part to engage
the ground, a cover for the said upper end, said
cove'r vbeing in two parts, one of which parts is
rigidly fixed*v to the casing and the other part
removable from the casing and substantially
abutting the fixed part, both of said parts being
notched at their abutting edges and the notches
registering to provide a pair of apertures in the
beneath the ñxed part of the cover and pro
jected at its opposite end into the paths of travel
of the said sheaves to arrest their upward move 15
ment and prevent their engagement with the
closed cover when the respective pipes are drawn
out from the casing in dispensing a fluid.
9. In a device of the character described, a
cover, means for attaching the removable part
to the casing, a group of rollers spaced about rectangular casing, chamber-deñning partitions 20
each of said apertures, the axes of said rollers- in said casing, an electric heater in at least one
being obliquely disposed with respect to the abut
of said chambers, said partitions being provided
ting edges of the cover-parts, a partition plate with perforations, flexible fluid-dispensing means
secured within the casing and dividing it longi - adapted to be extended from and retracted With
tudinally into two parallel chambers, said cham
in -said casing, weighted sheave means for hold 25
bers being substantially rectangular in transverse ing said flexible means' taut as it is extended
cross-section, a duid-dispensing pipe within each
from or retracted within said casing, a closure
for said casing, and means on said closure for
at one end and looped downwardly within its . supporting said iiexible means.
3@ respective chamber, thence rising from the loopl
10. A device asset forth in claim 9 in which. 30
and passing through the respective aperture in the partitionsdivide the space within the cas
the cover, means on the outer end of each pipe ing into three chambers and in Vwhich the heater
’ of said chambers, each of said pipes being fixed
cooperating with the respective group of rollers
to hold the pipe in suspended position, and a
sheave for and supported by each of said pipes,
is in the middle’ chamber and the dispensing
said sheaves being within their respective loops
and each of the sheaves being provided with a
peripheral V-shaped groove, the V-faces of the
groove intersecting the side walls of the respec
elongated casing buried upright beneath the
ground with only its upper end above the ground
level, a perforated partition plate within the
casing dividing the space therein into chambers,
tive sheave and the side walls of the sheave con
a cover for the upper end of the casing, a flex
tacting the side walls of the respective chamber
when said sheave is turned transversely of its
side Walls, whereby the dispensing pipe is guided
away from the side Walls of the chamber, the
ible fluid-dispensing pipe looped within -one of
said chambers, and means within another cham
ber for heating the interior of the casing and`>
45 sheave being further provided with a channel at
the apex of the V-shaped groove into which
channel the said pipe is guided.
4. A device as set forth in claim 3 in which the
'removable part of the cover is provided with .a
50 downwardly-turned marginal ñange at all of its
edges except that edge which is notched and
which abuts _against the iixed cover part, said
ñange being adapted to fit the corresponding
outer faces of the casing' when the said remov- ~
55 able part is in closed position, a member at
tached to the underside of said removable part
and projected therefrom beyond the notched
edge, said member engaging beneath the ñxed
part of the cover when the removable part there
60 of is in closed position, and> cooperating means
on the casing and on the removable part of the
cover adjacent its edge which is o-pposite the said
notched edge for holding the said removable part
in closed position.
5. A device asset forth in claim 3 in which
each of the sheaves is provided with a coating
of a ,smooth non-abrasive material to prevent
wear of the pipe due to its contact with the
means are Awithin the other chambers.
1l. In an apparatus for- dispensing fluids, an 35
6. A device as set forthin claim 3 having
means projected into each of the chambers and'
into .the paths of travel ofthe sheaves for en
gagement with the sheaves to arrest their up
ward movements.
'7. A device as set forth in 'claim 3 having means
’causing the air therein to circulate about said
dispensing pipe to prevent the fluid from freez
ing therein.
. 12. In a device of the character described, a
ñexible rubber-covered dispensing pipe, means for
attaching a valve inserted into the end of said
pipe, a metallic sleeve surrounding the said end
of the pipe about the inserted means, a diame
trically-apertured rubber-ball surrounding said
pipe and bearing upon both the pipe and the
sleeve, and afñlm of rubber within the aper
ture of the ball and about the pipe and sleeve, 55
said ñlm cementing the pipe and ball together.
13. A device of the character described com
prising an elongated casing, the same being sub
stantially rectangular in transverse cross sec-l
tion and deñning an elongated, rectangularly 60
shaped chamber, a flexible dispensing pipe at
tached to a source of fluid supply adjacent the
top end of said casing and' extending from its
point of attachment downwardlyapproximately
to the lower end of the chamber, then doubling 85
back to provide a loop and then rising within andl
passing out of the chamber, a mobile weight sup
ported by said dispensing pipe within the loop
thereof, said weight being in the form of a sheave,
the perimeter of the sheave being provided with 70
a groove adapted to receive said flexible pipe,
the width of said groove near itsbottom being
slightly greater than the diameter of the4 dis
pensing pipe and the depth of said groove be
ing at least as great as the diameter of said pipe,
" the sides of said groove diverging outwardly and » and within each. of said chambers, each o! said
intersecting thewalls o! said weight to form pe
ripheral -edges, said edges being of less thickness
pipes being fixedly secured at one ol.' its ends to
the casing, thencev extending longitudinally of
' than the radius of said pipe, and the width of said
the chamber to approximately the lower end
casing being suilicient to prevent binding of the
sheave but insuilicient to permit complete turn
ing ofthe latter transversely of the side walls
thereof, then looping and again extending lon-y
gitudinally within the chamber and passing out
of the casing.
14.` In a device of the character described, an
10 elongated casing comprising a pair of channel
shaped side members having an outwardly turned
ilange' at each side of each member, the said side
members being assembled with their channels
facing to form an elongated space between the
members, the said ilanges being in pairs at each
wardly of the latter, means adapted to engage
the free end of each of `said pipes ‘for suspend
ing the looped pipes within their respective
chambers, a sheave for and supported within 10
the loop o@ each pipe. the perimeter of the sheave
being provided with a groove 'adapted to receive
the respective ñuid dispensing pipe, the width
of said groove near its bottom being slightly
greater than the diameter of the dispensing pipe
and the depth of said groove being at least as
great as the diameter o1' said pipe, the sides of
said groove diverging outwardly and intersect
a. partition plate dividing the said space lon
lng the walls of said sheave to form peripheral
gitudinally and having its marginal edges be
20 tween the respective pairs of ilanges, means for .edges, said edges being of less thickness than
side of said space andthe flanges in each pair
, being in parallel relation and slightly separated,
securing the flanges and the partition plates to
gether at various points along the length of the
ilanges to form- a rigid, box-like casing with par
allel chambers therein, the side walls of said
chambers being substantially parallel and each
chamber being substantially rectangular in trans
verse cross-section, a iluid dispensing pipe for
the radius of said. pipe, and the'width of the
chambers within the casing being suñlcient to
prevent binding of the respective sheaves there
in but insuiiicient to permit complete turning
of the sheaves transversely of the side walls of al
the chambers.
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