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Патент USA US2118372

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May 24, 1938.
Filed-Aug. 19, 1956
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2,1 18,372
Patented May 24, 1938
Ray Brown, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Application August 19, 1936, Serial No. 96,832
4 Claims. (Cl. 240—128)
This invention relates to securing means by luminated, light coming from the bulb directly
which two articles may be readily and detachably to the eye of the observer subjects his eye to a
considerable strain.
secured together.
An object of the invention is to provide an
improved securing means.
Another object is to provide an improved se
curing means which will be simple in construction
and application.
Another object is to provide an improved se
screen or de?ector which may be applied to a
curing means which will be economical to manu
Another object is to provide an improved se
portion of the periphery of the shade and which 10
will prevent any direct rays from the incandescent
light source within the shade reaching the eye
curing means which will effectively hold parts
of an observer.
This screen or shield is shown as an arcuate
Another object is to provide an improved means
of de?ecting light which will be simple and ef
Another object is to provide an improved means
of de?ecting light which may be readily ad
Other objects will hereinafter appear.
The invention will be better understood from
the description of one practical embodiment
thereof, illustrated in the accompanying draw
If rays reach his eye only after being re?ected
by the object which it is desired shall be il UK
luminated, not only is this strain reduced, but
the object can more clearly be perceived.
To obtain this advantage, I have provided a
ing, in which;
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a lamp shade
or re?ector having a light de?ecting extension
secured to it, the extension and securing means
constituting one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of the
parts illustrated in Figure 1, showing the man
ner in which the de?ector is applied and secured.
A more or less conventional lamp socket is il
35 lustrated at I, it being provided with an incan—
descent electric light bulb 2. Carried by the
socket is a shade consisting of a neck 3 and an
outwardly ?aring portion 4 which terminates in
a peripheral annular bead 5. This re?ector may
40 be of any desired material, as glass, porcelain,
metal, or metal coated with enamel, such as the
shades or re?ectors in more or less common use
at the present time.
Ordinarily, such re?ectors are of insu?lcient
45 depth to completely conceal the incandescent
bulb, but while they re?ect considerable light
emanating from the upper portion of the bulb,
they permit rays to emanate directly from the
?lament thereof past the shade, illuminating a
zone substantially greater than a hemisphere.
Thus, when a shade is arranged with its mar
gin in horizontal position at eye level, or even
somewhat below this level, rays passing directly
from the bulb reach the eye. When the shade
55 and bulb are arranged over an article to be il
cylindrical plate 6, having a beaded upper edge 1 15
capable of overlying the peripheral bead 5 of the
Through the plate are provided a series of per
forations 8 adjacent this upper edge, and for each
perforation is supplied a clip conveniently made
of resilient material such as metal wire, having
an offset upper end as indicated at 9 terminating
in a hook Ill, an intermediate substantially
straight shank H‘, and a lower end or detent l2.
The clip is inserted in the position indicated 25
in dotted lines in Figure 2, and then is swung
downwardly into the position shown in full lines
in this figure,‘ where its lower end I2 is snapped
under the lower edge of the de?ector. Due to the
resiliency of the wire, it maintains pressure upon
the lower edge of the plate and also upon the
inside of the bead of the shade, effectively se—
curing the de?ector plate thereto.
Obviously, several of the clips may be used on
each de?ector plate, two or three generally being 35
su?icient to securely hold the plate in place.
While I have described the illustrated embodi
ment of my invention in some particularity, ob
viously others will readily occur to those skilled
in this art, and I do not therefore limit myself to 40
the precise details shown and described, but
claim as my invention all embodiments, variations
and modi?cations coming within the scope of the
appended claims.
I claim:
1. A light shield comprising an arcuate metal
plate adapted to be secured to the margin of a
shade, the plate having a curved channel-shaped
shaped to embrace the edge of said shade,
means engaging opposite surfaces of the 50
of said shade holding said edges in contact.
A light shield comprising an arcuate metal
plate adapted to be secured to the margin of a
shade, the plate having a curved channel-shaped
edge shaped to embrace the edge of said shade, 55
and a plurality of clips detachably engaging said
plate and arranged to contact the opposite side of
the marginal portion of said shade in alignment
with said edge.
4. In combination, a lamp shape having a chan
nel-shaped edge, a shield having a channel
shaped edge overlying the edge of the shade, the
3. An arcuate cylindrical plate having a chan
nel-shaped recessed edge, a plurality of holes
shield being provided with a plurality of aper
tures closely adjacent said edge, a clip extending
through each aperture and having a hook-shaped
through said plate adjacent said edge, a clip
extending through each of said holes, each clip
shaped edge of the shade, the clip extending
comprising a resilient member having a hook
10 shaped end projecting into the open side of said
channel-shaped edge, a straight intermediate
part lying closely adjacent the surface of said
plate, and a detent engaging the edge of said
plate remote from said ?rst mentioned edge.
end bearing upon the interior of the channel
downwardly below the remote edge of the plate,
and resiliently engaging this last mentioned edge 10
of the plate.
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