Патент USA US2118372код для вставки
May 24, 1938. R. BROWN 2,118,372 ‘ SECURING MEANS Filed-Aug. 19, 1956 ,“QEzEZ ; 1 as w ,m, .. :B' INVENTOR. WW A4» ATTORNEYS ' 2,1 18,372 Patented May 24, 1938 ‘UNITED I STATES :PATENT oral-cs 2,118,372 SECURING MEANS Ray Brown, Pittsburgh, Pa. Application August 19, 1936, Serial No. 96,832 4 Claims. (Cl. 240—128) This invention relates to securing means by luminated, light coming from the bulb directly which two articles may be readily and detachably to the eye of the observer subjects his eye to a considerable strain. secured together. An object of the invention is to provide an improved securing means. Another object is to provide an improved se curing means which will be simple in construction and application. Another object is to provide an improved se screen or de?ector which may be applied to a curing means which will be economical to manu facture. Another object is to provide an improved se portion of the periphery of the shade and which 10 will prevent any direct rays from the incandescent light source within the shade reaching the eye curing means which will effectively hold parts together. of an observer. This screen or shield is shown as an arcuate Another object is to provide an improved means of de?ecting light which will be simple and ef fective. Another object is to provide an improved means of de?ecting light which may be readily ad justed. Other objects will hereinafter appear. The invention will be better understood from the description of one practical embodiment thereof, illustrated in the accompanying draw 25 If rays reach his eye only after being re?ected by the object which it is desired shall be il UK luminated, not only is this strain reduced, but the object can more clearly be perceived. To obtain this advantage, I have provided a ing, in which; Figure 1 is a perspective view of a lamp shade or re?ector having a light de?ecting extension secured to it, the extension and securing means constituting one embodiment of the invention; and Figure 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of the parts illustrated in Figure 1, showing the man ner in which the de?ector is applied and secured. A more or less conventional lamp socket is il 35 lustrated at I, it being provided with an incan— descent electric light bulb 2. Carried by the socket is a shade consisting of a neck 3 and an outwardly ?aring portion 4 which terminates in a peripheral annular bead 5. This re?ector may 40 be of any desired material, as glass, porcelain, metal, or metal coated with enamel, such as the shades or re?ectors in more or less common use at the present time. Ordinarily, such re?ectors are of insu?lcient 45 depth to completely conceal the incandescent bulb, but while they re?ect considerable light emanating from the upper portion of the bulb, they permit rays to emanate directly from the ?lament thereof past the shade, illuminating a zone substantially greater than a hemisphere. Thus, when a shade is arranged with its mar gin in horizontal position at eye level, or even somewhat below this level, rays passing directly from the bulb reach the eye. When the shade 55 and bulb are arranged over an article to be il cylindrical plate 6, having a beaded upper edge 1 15 capable of overlying the peripheral bead 5 of the shade. , Through the plate are provided a series of per forations 8 adjacent this upper edge, and for each perforation is supplied a clip conveniently made of resilient material such as metal wire, having an offset upper end as indicated at 9 terminating in a hook Ill, an intermediate substantially straight shank H‘, and a lower end or detent l2. The clip is inserted in the position indicated 25 in dotted lines in Figure 2, and then is swung downwardly into the position shown in full lines in this figure,‘ where its lower end I2 is snapped under the lower edge of the de?ector. Due to the resiliency of the wire, it maintains pressure upon the lower edge of the plate and also upon the inside of the bead of the shade, effectively se— curing the de?ector plate thereto. Obviously, several of the clips may be used on each de?ector plate, two or three generally being 35 su?icient to securely hold the plate in place. While I have described the illustrated embodi ment of my invention in some particularity, ob viously others will readily occur to those skilled in this art, and I do not therefore limit myself to 40 the precise details shown and described, but claim as my invention all embodiments, variations and modi?cations coming within the scope of the appended claims. 45 I claim: 1. A light shield comprising an arcuate metal plate adapted to be secured to the margin of a shade, the plate having a curved channel-shaped edge and edge 2. shaped to embrace the edge of said shade, means engaging opposite surfaces of the 50 of said shade holding said edges in contact. A light shield comprising an arcuate metal plate adapted to be secured to the margin of a shade, the plate having a curved channel-shaped edge shaped to embrace the edge of said shade, 55 2 2,118,372 and a plurality of clips detachably engaging said plate and arranged to contact the opposite side of the marginal portion of said shade in alignment with said edge. 4. In combination, a lamp shape having a chan nel-shaped edge, a shield having a channel shaped edge overlying the edge of the shade, the 3. An arcuate cylindrical plate having a chan nel-shaped recessed edge, a plurality of holes shield being provided with a plurality of aper tures closely adjacent said edge, a clip extending through each aperture and having a hook-shaped through said plate adjacent said edge, a clip extending through each of said holes, each clip shaped edge of the shade, the clip extending comprising a resilient member having a hook 10 shaped end projecting into the open side of said channel-shaped edge, a straight intermediate part lying closely adjacent the surface of said plate, and a detent engaging the edge of said plate remote from said ?rst mentioned edge. end bearing upon the interior of the channel downwardly below the remote edge of the plate, and resiliently engaging this last mentioned edge 10 of the plate. RAY BROWN.