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Патент USA US2118505

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May 24,1938.
J. W. GILES '
2,1 18,505
TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS
Filed Nov. 11, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
' INVENTOR
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MEL)’ 24, 1938.
J. w. GILES
TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS
Filed Nov. 11,
INVENTOR
BY
7'
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1 a‘?
1/4
ATTORNEY
May 24, W38.
J. w. GiL
18,505
TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS
Filed Nov. 11: 1936
4 Sheets~Shee1t 5
/
Pin
ATTORN EY
May 24, 1938.
J. ‘N. GILES _
2,118,505
TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS
Filed. Nov. 11, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY.
Patented May 24, 1938
2,118,505‘
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE"
2,118,505], '
‘ TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS
Joseph W. Giles, Philadelphia, .Pas. assignor to
J. W. Giles, Inc., Philadelphia, Pa... ‘a corpora
tion of Pennsylvania
Application Novemberv 11, 1936, SerialNo. 110,249
15 Claims. (Cl. 131-39)
The object‘of this invention is to devise a novel to a shaft 6 suitably journalled in the container I.
and simpli?ed apparatus for feeding measured
quantities of scrap tobacco to a bunching ma
chine.
‘
‘
'
PI
Further objects of the invention‘ are to devise
novel means for raising tobacco from the bottom
of its container and discharging it into a novel
measuring device, novel means for actuating the
measuring device, and novel means for moving
10' the'oharge of tobacco delivered from the measur
‘ ing device into the pocket of the rolling apron of
a - cigar bunching machine.
iWith the above and other objects in view as
will» hereinafter clearly appear, my invention
15 comprehends a novel and simpli?ed apparatus for
feeding measured quantities of scrap tobacco.
Other novel features of construction and ad
vantage will hereinafter appear in the detailed
description and the appended claims.
of the shaft 6, the scoop 8 removes a quantity of
tobacco from the container. The arm 1 is made
in sections. " One section has slots 9, see Figure 3,
and the other section has screws III which provide
means to effect the longitudinal adjustment of 10
the arm ‘I. The construction of the scoop 8 is '
best seen in- Figure 8 from which it will be seen '
that the scoop-has a rear member II from which
an- inner side member l2 ?ares forwardly, side
flanges‘ I3 and a bottom ?ange M.
The tobacco is discharged from the scoop 8‘
into a novel chute l5 having spaced bottom plates
l6 which form a slot l1 and adjustable side
plates l8. “I'he side Walls are pivotally connected
at 19 to the bottom plates, and at their forward 20
typical‘embodiment of it, which, in practice’, will
give satisfactory‘ and reliable results. It is, how
?xed in their adjusted position by fastening de
25 mentalities of which my invention consists- can
be variously arranged and organized, and my
invention is not limited to the exact arrangement
and organization of these instrumentalities‘ as
herein set forth.
‘
‘ Figure 1 is a top plan view of a tobacco feed
ing apparatusembodying my invention.
Figure 2 is a side elevation.
Figure 3 is a side elevation similar to Figure 2
but partly broken away and showing certain of
35. the parts in a different position.
Figure 4 is a side elevation showing more par
ticularly the measuring device, funnel, shutter
and their adjuncts.
Figure 5 is a side elevation of the cam in a posi
40 tion it assumes during the operation.
Figure 6 is a detail of a frame.
Figure '7 is a detail of a shutter operating
means.
‘
Figure 8 is. a perspective view of a scoop.
45
shaft so that it travels in proximity to the inner
wall‘ of the container I. During each revolution
‘ For: the purpose of illustrating the invention I
have ‘ shown in ‘the accompanying drawings a
ever, to be understood that the various instru
so,
An arm leis ?xed at one end to the shaft 5 and
‘ a scoop‘ 8 is ?xed to the offset freeend of the
Figure 9 is a perspective view, partly broken
away, of the measuring device.
Similar numerals indicate corresponding parts.
Referring to the drawings:
I designates a tobacco container of circular
formation, and open at its top to receive the scrap
tobacco.
The apparatus is driven in any desired man
her, for example by an electric motor 2 having
a sprocket wheel 3 around which passes a chain
55 4 which also passes around a sprocket wheel 5
ends are provided with brackets 21!] which are‘
vices 2| passing through slots 22 in the'bottom
plates. ' The bottom plates have arms 23 ?xed to
a rock shaft 24 journalled in- the tobacco con 25
tainer. This rock shaft is rocked by an arm 25
?xed'thereto and-pivotally connected with a link
26 piv'otally connected to a lever 21 fulcrumed at
28 and having'a roller 29 which cooperates with
a cam 30 on the shaft 6.
The’ tobacco discharges from the chute into a
measuring device 3| in the form of a bucket hav
ing a bottom wall, side walls, end walls and an
open‘top. This bucket is ?xed in any desired
manner to a rock shaft 32. An arm 33 is piv
otally connected with a link 34 pivotally con
nected to a lever 35, fulcrumed at 36 on the con
tainer I and having a roller 31. This roller 31
travels in a cam groove 38 of a cam 39 ?xed on
the shaft 6. A spring 40 has one end connected
to the pivotal connection of the link 34 and the
lever 35, and its opposite end is connected to a
?xed point on the apparatus, see Figure 4. A
cam member 4|, see Figures 1 and 4, is ?xed to
the rock shaft 32 and has a cam face 42 cooper 4,5.
ating with a roller 43 on an arm 44 ?xed to a
rock shaft 45 which also carries a battle 46 which
has its movement in an outward direction limited
by a stop rod 4-1. The bucket 3| is between side
plates 48, which contribute to form a funnel, the
bottom of which is closed by an inclined shut.
ter 49. The upper end of the shutter normally
rests against a stop 50, and its lower end portion
is ?xed to a rock shaft 5|. An arm 52 ?xed to
the rock shaft 5] has one end of a spring .53 con
2
2,118,505
,
the high point of the cam groove 38 causing the
nected to it, the other end of such spring being
frame 54 to move downwardly. This frame 54
includes a plate 8| which closes the front end of
the funnel. The bar 62 on the frame 54 engag
ing the roller 65 rocks the arm 66 and rock shaft
secured to a ?xed point of the apparatus.
The front of the funnel is formed by a recipro
catory frame 54 having rollers 55 travelling in
guide slots 56 in side frame members 51, see Fig
ure 1.
5| thereby moving the shutter 49 from the posi
A link 58 is connected with the frame and
tion seen in Figure 2 into that seen in Figure 3
with a lever 59 fulcrumed at 60 and having a
and the measured charge of tobacco for making
roller 6|‘ which travels in the cam groove 38 of
the cam 39.
The gate 54 has ?xed to it a bar 62, by fasten
ing devices 63 passing through a slot 64 in a side
member of the ?xed frame. The bar 62 is posi
tioned so that during the downward movement of
the reciprocatory frame 54 it contacts a roller 65
on an arm 66 ?xed to. the rock shaft 5| to cause
the shutter 49 to move from the position seen in
Figure 2 to that seen in Figure 3.
A plunger 61 is provided to press the tobacco
into the pocket of the apron of the rolling or
20 bunch forming machine.
_ The plunger 61 is connected by a longitudinally
adjustable-link 68 with a lever 69 fulcrumed at 19
and providedhwith a roller 1| which travels in
the cam groove 38 of the cam39. A lever 12
controlled bythe cam 3|! controls in the conven
tional manner the apron of the rolling or bunch
forming mechanism 13.
The operation of my novel tobacco feeding
apparatus will now be apparent to those skilled
30 in this art and is as follows:
Assuming now that the scrap tobacco has been
placed in'the tobacco container | and the motor
started, the shaft 6 will be revolved in the direc
tion of thearrow seen in Figure 2 thereby caus
ing the scoop 8 carried by its arm 1 to pass into
the container as shown in Figure 3 in proximity
to the bottom of the container and remove a
quantity of tobacco and discharge it into the
chute |5, and therefrom into the measuring de
40 vice -3|. The arm 1 of the scoop 8 passes through
the slot H in the chute l5, and the chute is rocked
from the position seen in Figure 2 to that seen in
Figure 3 to permit the scoop’ 8 to pass beyond it.
'I‘hisis-causedby the roller 29 of cam lever- 28
45 passing down the cam face 14 to the dwell por
tion 15.
,
V
.
"The roller 29 next engages the cam face 16 to
return the chute to the position seen in Figure 2,
in which it isretained by the face 11 of the
50
cam 30.
‘
The charge of tobacco is now in the measuring
device or» bucket 3|.
The inner wall of the cam groove 38 of the cam
39 has a depression 18 so that when the cam 39
reaches the position seen in Figure 5 the roller
55
31 'will pass into such depression and through its
cam lever 35, the link 34 and cam 33 rocks the
rock‘ shaft 32 and thereby imparts a shaking
movement to the measuring device 3| to effect
60 the removal of any excess tobacco contained
therein.
-
-
.
The next operation is to discharge the meas
ured charge of tobacco from the measuring device
3| into the funnel.
65
'
The cam 39 now moves into the position seen
in Figure 4 causing the cam lever 35, link 34 and
cam 35 to rock the-rock shaft 32 to which the
measuring device 3|. is ?xed discharging the
measured charge'of tobacco into the funnel where
70 it rests on the shutter 49. As the roller 43 leaves
the cam face 42 the arm 44, rocks shaft 45 and
baffle 46 moves from the position seen in Figure 3
to that seen in Figure 4, the baffle resting against
the stop rod 41.
75
s
v
The roller 6| of cam lever 59 now reaches
a bunch of the predetermined size is discharged
10
into the pocket of the rolling apron.
The plunger 61 now moves downwardly to
press the tobacco into the pocket of the apron.
This is effected by the cam 39 rocking the lever
59 and causing the link 68 to move downwardly
15
the plunger 61.
As the cam 39 revolves the shutter 39 is re
turned to its normal position and the measuring
device 3| is returned to its receiving position, and
the cycle of the operation is repeated.
The cam 4| returns to its initial position and 20
the roller 43 engaging the cam returns the baffle
46 toits initial position seen in Figure 3. The
roller 43 cooperates with the cam face 42 to re
tain the measuring device 3| stationary when in
25
position to receive tobacco from the chute I5.
In accordance with this invention, I eliminate
the necessity of employing a knife to cut off the
surplus tobacco and also the formation of a hard
bunch.
The tobacco in the measuring device is not sub 30
jected to pressure and a loose ?uify bunch is
formed which provides for a free smoking cigar.
The measuring vdevice may have an adjustable
false bottom 19 which can be raised or lowered
by a screw 80 and which may have any desired
contour depending on the shape of the ?nished
cigar. In Figure 9 I have shown this bottom
curved so that the bunch will be thicker at its
central portion than it is at its end portions.
It will now be apparent that I have devised a
new and useful tobacco feeding apparatus which
embodies the features of advantage enumerated
as desirable in the statement of the invention and
the above description, and while I have, in the
present instance, shown and described a pre
ferred embodiment thereof which will give in
practice satisfactory and reliable results, it is to
be understood that this embodiment is susceptible
of modi?cation in various particulars without de
parting from the spirit or scope of the invention 50
or sacri?cing any of its advantages.
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
.1. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco 55
container, means to scoop tobacco from said con
tainer, a chute receiving tobacco from said
means, a tobacco measuring device pivotally sup
ported and into which tobacco is discharged from
said chute, a cam on said container, means co
operating with said cam to agitate said measur
ing'device to cause it to contain a predetermined
charge, and means to actuate said measuring
device to empty it.
2. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco 65
container, means to scoop tobacco from said con
tainer, a chute receiving tobacco from said
means, a tobacco measuring device into which
tobacco is discharged from said chute, means to
agitate said measuring device to cause it to con 70
tain a predetermined charge, a cam on said
containen'means cooperating with said cam to
actuate said measuring device to empty it, a
funnel to receive the charge from said device
and having a movable bottom, a member clos- 75
3
2,118,505
ing the front end of said funnel, means to move
said bottom to form a charge receiving space
between it and said member, and means to move
the measured charge from said space.
3. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a meas
uring device, means to feed tobacco thereto,
means to impart a shaping movement to said
measuring device while in its tobacco receiving
cause it to retain a determined charge, and
means to deliver said charge in a loose, fluffy,
condition to a bunching machine.
9. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a container,
a scoop having substantially the shape of a dust 5
pan With the open side of the pan presented to
the periphery of the container, means to revolve
said scoop in said container to remove tobacco
position to remove excess tobacco over a prede
and means to deliver said
therefrom in a loose, fluffy, condition.
10 termined charge,
charge to a desired point of utilization.
4. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rockable
measuring device, means to feed tobacco thereto,
means to impart a shaking movement to said
device while in its. tobacco receiving position to
remove excess tobacco and to thereafter rock
said device to discharge tobacco therefrom, and
means to retain said device in its tobacco re
ceiving position.
.
5. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock shaft,
a measuring device ?xed thereto, a cam on said
shaft, means cooperating with said cam to nor
mally hold said device stationary, and a cam
10. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a container, 10
a driven shaft mounted therein, a scoop actuated
by said shaft, a pivoted chute having a slot there
through and receiving tobacco from said scoop,
a cam on said shaft operatively connected with
said chute to actuate it, and means to measure 15
the tobacco passing from said chute into pre
determined uniform charges, each of the proper
amount to form a bunch of predetermined size.
11. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco
container of circular formation and open at its
top, a driven shaft, an arm thereon longitudi~
nally adjustable, a pan shaped scoop on said arm,
a sectional chute through which said arm passes,
controlling the rocking of said shaft and having
and cam means on said shaft to rock said chute
a cam face to rock said shaft to agitate said
device to remove excess tobacco prior to dis
to permit the scoop to pass by it.
25
12. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco
container, a scoop to travel through said con
tainer and having an outer wall and an inner
wall, the outer wall being of less depth than the
inner wall, and means to actuate said scoop.
30
charge of tobacco therefrom.
6. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock shaft,
a measuring bucket ?xed thereto, a cam on said
shaft, a pivoted de?ector, means connected there
with and cooperating with said cam to hold said
device stationary, means to rock said shaft to
agitate said device to remove excess tobacco
therefrom, and to thereafter effect the delivery
35 of a measured charge from said measuring de
vice.
7. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a measuring
bucket pivotally supported, a funnel having a
pivoted shutter at its bottom, a reciprocatory
40 frame in front of said shutter, means to empty
said bucket into said funnel, means to recipro
13. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a con
tainer, a scoop within the container, an arm car
rying said scoop, a chute having a slot to permit
said arm to pass through it, means to revolve
said arm, in the container, and means to rock 35
said chute to permit said scoop to pass“ between
it and the container.
14. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock
shaft, a measuring bucket carried by said rock
shaft, a cam ?xed to said rock shaft and pro 40
vided with a cam face, a baille above the bucket
cate said frame, means on said shutter in the
controlled by said cam face, and cam means to
path of the downward movement of the frame
and contacted by the frame to move said shutter
45 to form with the frame a delivery space, and
plunger means movable in said space to feed the
tobacco therefrom.
8. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco
turn said shaft and during such turning impart
container, means to scoop tobacco therefrom, a
50 chute through which said means passes, means
to move said chute to permit the passage of said
means, a measuring device receiving tobacco
from said chute, means to actuate said device to
to it a shaking movement to remove excess to
bacco from the bucket.
15. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock
45
shaft, a measuring bucket ?xed to said shaft,
cam means, and means to turn said shaft to
move the bucket into discharging position and
to shake the shaft during the ?rst part of its
turning movement to remove excess tobacco from 50
the bucket.
JOSEPH W. GILES.
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