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May 24,1938. J. W. GILES ' 2,1 18,505 TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 11, 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 ' INVENTOR w * WW' MEL)’ 24, 1938. J. w. GILES TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 11, INVENTOR BY 7' , 1 a‘? 1/4 ATTORNEY May 24, W38. J. w. GiL 18,505 TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 11: 1936 4 Sheets~Shee1t 5 / Pin ATTORN EY May 24, 1938. J. ‘N. GILES _ 2,118,505 TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS Filed. Nov. 11, 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR. ATTORNEY. Patented May 24, 1938 2,118,505‘ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE" 2,118,505], ' ‘ TOBACCO FEEDING APPARATUS Joseph W. Giles, Philadelphia, .Pas. assignor to J. W. Giles, Inc., Philadelphia, Pa... ‘a corpora tion of Pennsylvania Application Novemberv 11, 1936, SerialNo. 110,249 15 Claims. (Cl. 131-39) The object‘of this invention is to devise a novel to a shaft 6 suitably journalled in the container I. and simpli?ed apparatus for feeding measured quantities of scrap tobacco to a bunching ma chine. ‘ ‘ ' PI Further objects of the invention‘ are to devise novel means for raising tobacco from the bottom of its container and discharging it into a novel measuring device, novel means for actuating the measuring device, and novel means for moving 10' the'oharge of tobacco delivered from the measur ‘ ing device into the pocket of the rolling apron of a - cigar bunching machine. iWith the above and other objects in view as will» hereinafter clearly appear, my invention 15 comprehends a novel and simpli?ed apparatus for feeding measured quantities of scrap tobacco. Other novel features of construction and ad vantage will hereinafter appear in the detailed description and the appended claims. of the shaft 6, the scoop 8 removes a quantity of tobacco from the container. The arm 1 is made in sections. " One section has slots 9, see Figure 3, and the other section has screws III which provide means to effect the longitudinal adjustment of 10 the arm ‘I. The construction of the scoop 8 is ' best seen in- Figure 8 from which it will be seen ' that the scoop-has a rear member II from which an- inner side member l2 ?ares forwardly, side flanges‘ I3 and a bottom ?ange M. The tobacco is discharged from the scoop 8‘ into a novel chute l5 having spaced bottom plates l6 which form a slot l1 and adjustable side plates l8. “I'he side Walls are pivotally connected at 19 to the bottom plates, and at their forward 20 typical‘embodiment of it, which, in practice’, will give satisfactory‘ and reliable results. It is, how ?xed in their adjusted position by fastening de 25 mentalities of which my invention consists- can be variously arranged and organized, and my invention is not limited to the exact arrangement and organization of these instrumentalities‘ as herein set forth. ‘ ‘ Figure 1 is a top plan view of a tobacco feed ing apparatusembodying my invention. Figure 2 is a side elevation. Figure 3 is a side elevation similar to Figure 2 but partly broken away and showing certain of 35. the parts in a different position. Figure 4 is a side elevation showing more par ticularly the measuring device, funnel, shutter and their adjuncts. Figure 5 is a side elevation of the cam in a posi 40 tion it assumes during the operation. Figure 6 is a detail of a frame. Figure '7 is a detail of a shutter operating means. ‘ Figure 8 is. a perspective view of a scoop. 45 shaft so that it travels in proximity to the inner wall‘ of the container I. During each revolution ‘ For: the purpose of illustrating the invention I have ‘ shown in ‘the accompanying drawings a ever, to be understood that the various instru so, An arm leis ?xed at one end to the shaft 5 and ‘ a scoop‘ 8 is ?xed to the offset freeend of the Figure 9 is a perspective view, partly broken away, of the measuring device. Similar numerals indicate corresponding parts. Referring to the drawings: I designates a tobacco container of circular formation, and open at its top to receive the scrap tobacco. The apparatus is driven in any desired man her, for example by an electric motor 2 having a sprocket wheel 3 around which passes a chain 55 4 which also passes around a sprocket wheel 5 ends are provided with brackets 21!] which are‘ vices 2| passing through slots 22 in the'bottom plates. ' The bottom plates have arms 23 ?xed to a rock shaft 24 journalled in- the tobacco con 25 tainer. This rock shaft is rocked by an arm 25 ?xed'thereto and-pivotally connected with a link 26 piv'otally connected to a lever 21 fulcrumed at 28 and having'a roller 29 which cooperates with a cam 30 on the shaft 6. The’ tobacco discharges from the chute into a measuring device 3| in the form of a bucket hav ing a bottom wall, side walls, end walls and an open‘top. This bucket is ?xed in any desired manner to a rock shaft 32. An arm 33 is piv otally connected with a link 34 pivotally con nected to a lever 35, fulcrumed at 36 on the con tainer I and having a roller 31. This roller 31 travels in a cam groove 38 of a cam 39 ?xed on the shaft 6. A spring 40 has one end connected to the pivotal connection of the link 34 and the lever 35, and its opposite end is connected to a ?xed point on the apparatus, see Figure 4. A cam member 4|, see Figures 1 and 4, is ?xed to the rock shaft 32 and has a cam face 42 cooper 4,5. ating with a roller 43 on an arm 44 ?xed to a rock shaft 45 which also carries a battle 46 which has its movement in an outward direction limited by a stop rod 4-1. The bucket 3| is between side plates 48, which contribute to form a funnel, the bottom of which is closed by an inclined shut. ter 49. The upper end of the shutter normally rests against a stop 50, and its lower end portion is ?xed to a rock shaft 5|. An arm 52 ?xed to the rock shaft 5] has one end of a spring .53 con 2 2,118,505 , the high point of the cam groove 38 causing the nected to it, the other end of such spring being frame 54 to move downwardly. This frame 54 includes a plate 8| which closes the front end of the funnel. The bar 62 on the frame 54 engag ing the roller 65 rocks the arm 66 and rock shaft secured to a ?xed point of the apparatus. The front of the funnel is formed by a recipro catory frame 54 having rollers 55 travelling in guide slots 56 in side frame members 51, see Fig ure 1. 5| thereby moving the shutter 49 from the posi A link 58 is connected with the frame and tion seen in Figure 2 into that seen in Figure 3 with a lever 59 fulcrumed at 60 and having a and the measured charge of tobacco for making roller 6|‘ which travels in the cam groove 38 of the cam 39. The gate 54 has ?xed to it a bar 62, by fasten ing devices 63 passing through a slot 64 in a side member of the ?xed frame. The bar 62 is posi tioned so that during the downward movement of the reciprocatory frame 54 it contacts a roller 65 on an arm 66 ?xed to. the rock shaft 5| to cause the shutter 49 to move from the position seen in Figure 2 to that seen in Figure 3. A plunger 61 is provided to press the tobacco into the pocket of the apron of the rolling or 20 bunch forming machine. _ The plunger 61 is connected by a longitudinally adjustable-link 68 with a lever 69 fulcrumed at 19 and providedhwith a roller 1| which travels in the cam groove 38 of the cam39. A lever 12 controlled bythe cam 3|! controls in the conven tional manner the apron of the rolling or bunch forming mechanism 13. The operation of my novel tobacco feeding apparatus will now be apparent to those skilled 30 in this art and is as follows: Assuming now that the scrap tobacco has been placed in'the tobacco container | and the motor started, the shaft 6 will be revolved in the direc tion of thearrow seen in Figure 2 thereby caus ing the scoop 8 carried by its arm 1 to pass into the container as shown in Figure 3 in proximity to the bottom of the container and remove a quantity of tobacco and discharge it into the chute |5, and therefrom into the measuring de 40 vice -3|. The arm 1 of the scoop 8 passes through the slot H in the chute l5, and the chute is rocked from the position seen in Figure 2 to that seen in Figure 3 to permit the scoop’ 8 to pass beyond it. 'I‘hisis-causedby the roller 29 of cam lever- 28 45 passing down the cam face 14 to the dwell por tion 15. , V . "The roller 29 next engages the cam face 16 to return the chute to the position seen in Figure 2, in which it isretained by the face 11 of the 50 cam 30. ‘ The charge of tobacco is now in the measuring device or» bucket 3|. The inner wall of the cam groove 38 of the cam 39 has a depression 18 so that when the cam 39 reaches the position seen in Figure 5 the roller 55 31 'will pass into such depression and through its cam lever 35, the link 34 and cam 33 rocks the rock‘ shaft 32 and thereby imparts a shaking movement to the measuring device 3| to effect 60 the removal of any excess tobacco contained therein. - - . The next operation is to discharge the meas ured charge of tobacco from the measuring device 3| into the funnel. 65 ' The cam 39 now moves into the position seen in Figure 4 causing the cam lever 35, link 34 and cam 35 to rock the-rock shaft 32 to which the measuring device 3|. is ?xed discharging the measured charge'of tobacco into the funnel where 70 it rests on the shutter 49. As the roller 43 leaves the cam face 42 the arm 44, rocks shaft 45 and baffle 46 moves from the position seen in Figure 3 to that seen in Figure 4, the baffle resting against the stop rod 41. 75 s v The roller 6| of cam lever 59 now reaches a bunch of the predetermined size is discharged 10 into the pocket of the rolling apron. The plunger 61 now moves downwardly to press the tobacco into the pocket of the apron. This is effected by the cam 39 rocking the lever 59 and causing the link 68 to move downwardly 15 the plunger 61. As the cam 39 revolves the shutter 39 is re turned to its normal position and the measuring device 3| is returned to its receiving position, and the cycle of the operation is repeated. The cam 4| returns to its initial position and 20 the roller 43 engaging the cam returns the baffle 46 toits initial position seen in Figure 3. The roller 43 cooperates with the cam face 42 to re tain the measuring device 3| stationary when in 25 position to receive tobacco from the chute I5. In accordance with this invention, I eliminate the necessity of employing a knife to cut off the surplus tobacco and also the formation of a hard bunch. The tobacco in the measuring device is not sub 30 jected to pressure and a loose ?uify bunch is formed which provides for a free smoking cigar. The measuring vdevice may have an adjustable false bottom 19 which can be raised or lowered by a screw 80 and which may have any desired contour depending on the shape of the ?nished cigar. In Figure 9 I have shown this bottom curved so that the bunch will be thicker at its central portion than it is at its end portions. It will now be apparent that I have devised a new and useful tobacco feeding apparatus which embodies the features of advantage enumerated as desirable in the statement of the invention and the above description, and while I have, in the present instance, shown and described a pre ferred embodiment thereof which will give in practice satisfactory and reliable results, it is to be understood that this embodiment is susceptible of modi?cation in various particulars without de parting from the spirit or scope of the invention 50 or sacri?cing any of its advantages. Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: .1. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco 55 container, means to scoop tobacco from said con tainer, a chute receiving tobacco from said means, a tobacco measuring device pivotally sup ported and into which tobacco is discharged from said chute, a cam on said container, means co operating with said cam to agitate said measur ing'device to cause it to contain a predetermined charge, and means to actuate said measuring device to empty it. 2. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco 65 container, means to scoop tobacco from said con tainer, a chute receiving tobacco from said means, a tobacco measuring device into which tobacco is discharged from said chute, means to agitate said measuring device to cause it to con 70 tain a predetermined charge, a cam on said containen'means cooperating with said cam to actuate said measuring device to empty it, a funnel to receive the charge from said device and having a movable bottom, a member clos- 75 3 2,118,505 ing the front end of said funnel, means to move said bottom to form a charge receiving space between it and said member, and means to move the measured charge from said space. 3. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a meas uring device, means to feed tobacco thereto, means to impart a shaping movement to said measuring device while in its tobacco receiving cause it to retain a determined charge, and means to deliver said charge in a loose, fluffy, condition to a bunching machine. 9. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a container, a scoop having substantially the shape of a dust 5 pan With the open side of the pan presented to the periphery of the container, means to revolve said scoop in said container to remove tobacco position to remove excess tobacco over a prede and means to deliver said therefrom in a loose, fluffy, condition. 10 termined charge, charge to a desired point of utilization. 4. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rockable measuring device, means to feed tobacco thereto, means to impart a shaking movement to said device while in its. tobacco receiving position to remove excess tobacco and to thereafter rock said device to discharge tobacco therefrom, and means to retain said device in its tobacco re ceiving position. . 5. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock shaft, a measuring device ?xed thereto, a cam on said shaft, means cooperating with said cam to nor mally hold said device stationary, and a cam 10. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a container, 10 a driven shaft mounted therein, a scoop actuated by said shaft, a pivoted chute having a slot there through and receiving tobacco from said scoop, a cam on said shaft operatively connected with said chute to actuate it, and means to measure 15 the tobacco passing from said chute into pre determined uniform charges, each of the proper amount to form a bunch of predetermined size. 11. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco container of circular formation and open at its top, a driven shaft, an arm thereon longitudi~ nally adjustable, a pan shaped scoop on said arm, a sectional chute through which said arm passes, controlling the rocking of said shaft and having and cam means on said shaft to rock said chute a cam face to rock said shaft to agitate said device to remove excess tobacco prior to dis to permit the scoop to pass by it. 25 12. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco container, a scoop to travel through said con tainer and having an outer wall and an inner wall, the outer wall being of less depth than the inner wall, and means to actuate said scoop. 30 charge of tobacco therefrom. 6. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock shaft, a measuring bucket ?xed thereto, a cam on said shaft, a pivoted de?ector, means connected there with and cooperating with said cam to hold said device stationary, means to rock said shaft to agitate said device to remove excess tobacco therefrom, and to thereafter effect the delivery 35 of a measured charge from said measuring de vice. 7. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a measuring bucket pivotally supported, a funnel having a pivoted shutter at its bottom, a reciprocatory 40 frame in front of said shutter, means to empty said bucket into said funnel, means to recipro 13. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a con tainer, a scoop within the container, an arm car rying said scoop, a chute having a slot to permit said arm to pass through it, means to revolve said arm, in the container, and means to rock 35 said chute to permit said scoop to pass“ between it and the container. 14. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock shaft, a measuring bucket carried by said rock shaft, a cam ?xed to said rock shaft and pro 40 vided with a cam face, a baille above the bucket cate said frame, means on said shutter in the controlled by said cam face, and cam means to path of the downward movement of the frame and contacted by the frame to move said shutter 45 to form with the frame a delivery space, and plunger means movable in said space to feed the tobacco therefrom. 8. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a tobacco turn said shaft and during such turning impart container, means to scoop tobacco therefrom, a 50 chute through which said means passes, means to move said chute to permit the passage of said means, a measuring device receiving tobacco from said chute, means to actuate said device to to it a shaking movement to remove excess to bacco from the bucket. 15. In a tobacco feeding apparatus, a rock 45 shaft, a measuring bucket ?xed to said shaft, cam means, and means to turn said shaft to move the bucket into discharging position and to shake the shaft during the ?rst part of its turning movement to remove excess tobacco from 50 the bucket. JOSEPH W. GILES.