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M?!‘ 24, 1938. ' H. A. YEIDER 2,118,541 GRI/KRHOPHONE OR SOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT, Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 14 Sheets-Sheet 1 Q. l ‘ 3177"9</.7639 .. 73/I z 159 '73a; I I 2 :9 INVENTOR. mad/2m»? May 24, 1938- H. A. YEIDER 2,118,541 GRAPHOPHONE OR SOUND REE-‘PRODUCING INSTRUMENT Original File‘d'Sept. 18, 1930 V 14 Sheets-Sheet 2 . N “I I , ‘\\\ \ \\ ‘ IIIIIREIIIW INVENTOR. \ ATTORNEY.’ May 24, 1938. H, A. YEIDER 2,118,541 - GRAPHOPHONE OR SOUND-REPRODUCING' INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. .18, 1930 i\ § >14 sheetsfsheet 3 INVENTOR. BY _ ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938. . H. A. YEIDER 2,113,541 ‘GRAPHOPHONE 0R SOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. 18, 1950 14 sneets-shéet 4 INVENTOR. ¥Y ~ dyez'ckz' diff» ATTORNEY. May 24, ‘1938. I > 1-1. A. YEIDER 2,118,541 _ GRABHIOPHONE QR SOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT, Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 l4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Vgi i i ilIl i lil l l I I H H H IHI HI I INVENTOR. ' dya'der BY 2 4‘ f '1 ' ATTORNEY. . May 24, 1938. H. ‘A. YEIDER 2,118,541 ' GRAPHOPHONE 0R scum) REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 r 14 Sheets-Shee‘t 6 ‘ INVENTOR. ?’?zy a elder ‘BY f' ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938. 1-1. A.‘ YEIDER 2,118,541 empaornorm on scum) nsrnonucme INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 N WN Q. NM MN @ @mm. N WN M 14 Sheets-Sheet '7 $81 .WMIN U ' INVENTOR. Wdjezder v BY ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938. 2,118,541 1-1. A. YEIDER GRAPHOPHONE OR SOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT Origingl 'Fiied Sept. 18, 1930 14 Sheets-Sheet a W Z INVENTOR. _ 41elder ‘ gké, g - May 24, 1938. 2,118,541 H. A. YEIDER GRAPHOPHONE 0R SOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT; Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 ;4 Sheets-Sheet 9 Q“ 6 j/ezdzz' w“ <% INVENTOR. BY ‘ gZ/w 1 :- / ' Jh ' _ ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938. H. A. YEIDER ‘ 2,118,541‘ ' GRAPHOPHONE OR SOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT Original Filéd Sept‘. 18, 1930 , v14 Sheets-Sheet, 1o ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938. H. A. ‘YEIDER 2,1 18,541 ennnornoma 0R souND REPRODUCING msmuumur Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 l4- Sheets-Sheet 11 \ Ax.1 \/ ATTCORNEY. _ May 24, 1938. 2,118,541 H. A.‘ YEIDER GRAPHOPHONE OR scum) REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 14 Sheets-Sheet l2 will/105' “ W INVENTOR. i?’a'z'zy dialer ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938. - H. A. YEIDER 2,113,541 GRAPHOPHONE OR‘SOUND REPRODUCING ‘INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 14 Sheets-Sheet 13 INVENTOR. I‘ %z"gdéfszkler -- BY. W,- ‘74% ATTORNEY. May 24, 1938.‘ , H. A. YEIDER ' 2,118,541 GRAPHOPHONE OR VSOUND REPRODUCING INSTRUMENT Original Filed Sept. 18, 1930 ‘ 14Sheets-Sheet 14 INVENTOR. ' 5/1364 i 2,118,541 Patented ‘May 24, 1938v UNITED STATES “ PATENT OFFCE 2,118,541 , GnArnornoNs on SOUND nnrnonncma msrmmmnr Harry A. Yeider, Grand Rapids, Mich, auignor to Automatic Instrument Company, a corpora tion of’ Michigan Original application September 18, 1930, Serial No. 482,662. Patent No. 2,664,868, dated De cember 22, 1936. Divided and this application January 10, 1934, Serial No. 766,639" , _ 1 , ‘comm. This ‘application is a division of my applica tion Ber. No.:482,682, ?led Sept. 18, 1930, now Patent No. 2,064,868, dated December 22, 1936. . The present invention relates to graphophones 5 or sound-reproducing instruments; and its object. is, generally-to provide vsuch an instrument 1m 10 ' (Cl. 274-10) the same, a drivingshaft being sectioned ‘on line 2-3 of Figure 1; ' r ‘ . ' Figure 4 is a detail vertical sectional view of certain parts of the instrument taken on line 4-6 of Figure 2; , Y , > ‘_ Figure 5 is a front elevationai view (enlarged) proved in respects hereinafter appearing: and of parts shown in Figure 4 and oi other parts seen _ more particularly, to provide an instrument of that character having improved means for ini in Figure 1; L ' Figure 6 is a top plan of parts shown in Figure tiating the operation thereof; and further, to '5, partially sectioned horizontally one line 64 10 provide in such an instrument improved means of that view; ' . , Figure 7 is an inner side elevational view of disks to and-from the turntable of the instru-1 parts of the instrument partially sectioned verti cally on line 1-1 of Figures 1 and 8; a ment: and further, to provide in such an instru Figure 8 is ‘a vertical sectional view of parts -. 15 ment improved means whereby either‘ of the rec ords on the opposite sides of any record disk may shown in Figure 7 taken on line 6-.6 of that view; Figure 9 is a like view of some of' said parts ,be selected to the played;_ and further, to provide for transferring any one of a plurality ofv record in such an instrument improved means for mov shown in a different position; - Figure 10, is a vertical sectional view of parts 20 tion with the record disk‘ on the turntable; ‘and shown in Figure 8 taken on line iii-+40 thereof; » further,toprovide in such aninstrumentimproved ' I Figure 11 is a top plan view of principal parts means vwhereby record disks whose grooves have -~ of the ‘instrument, certain parts being broken spiral or undulating ends may be played; and away and the record carrying turntable being , removed; _ further, to provide in such an instrument im Figure 12 is alike view .of so :of said principal 25 25 proved means for playing record disks of different diameters; and further, to provide in such an in - parts, certain record-trensferri g parts being all- ing its tonearm into and out of operative rela strument an improved holder or rack for the disk iallysectioned on.line iz-v-iioi Figures 1 ‘and 13; Figure 13 is an outer side elevational view, of records; and further, to provide in such an in- -‘ said record-transferring parts seen at the right? strument improved means for e?ecting the opera 30 tion of the parts .of the instrument in ordered hand side of Figures '1. and 11 and shown axially 30 ' > sequence and for ‘reversing the movements'of, or sectioned in Figure 12; Figure 14 is a sectional view of said record for returning to initial positions, said parts for subsequent operations of the instrument; and transferring parts taken on line "-45- of Fig- ‘ further, to provide in such an instrument im~ ures1and15;vv 35 proved mechanical connections ' and motion ' ,I ~ . Figure 15 is a vertical ectional view‘ of said 'at transmitting mechanisms and arrangements parts and other parts taken on line li-ll of Fig thereof whereby the parts may operate in ordered. - ures 12, 13 and 14, and showing a rack or record holding device and records therein: 7 Figure 16 is a-topplan view of tone arm-mov These and any other and more speci?c objects 40 hereinafter appearing are attained by, and the ing means partially sectioned on line. It-IB of mgures'zandlmvv-‘ ' sequence. " i 1 _ - _ _‘ invention ‘finds preferable embodiment‘ in,’ the ' Figure ‘17 is a detail side ‘view of portions of said ' mechanicaland electrical organization; and de vmeans, including partsjoperated by ‘records of _-vices_ therein hereinafter particularly described > diiferent diameters; inthe body of this speci?cation and illustrated - ~ Figure 1s 1s‘ a fragmentary dean-ads view or , bygthe drawings forming apart rotatable parts'seen'in top plan in Figure 16; a . hereof, in which: 1 ‘ ' Figure 19 is aplan view of means for actuating Figure 1 vlira front elevational view of main ' .the'frecordéfransferrlng means, partially see- i tioned on line lvL-il of Figures-1 and 20;‘ parts of a graphophonic instrument: _ ' a1 view'af the reciprocat .50 , Flsuréia‘isasectio ‘ =ing “drive 8110111511! Figure 1._ ' - ' ‘Figure 20 is a vertical sectional view of parts ‘seen inFigurelQ taken on line 26-20 thereof; 21 is a sectional view of some of said " Figure 2 isan axially sectional view thereof I a vertical to line‘ - parts taken‘ on line 2|-.-2i of Figure '19; Figure 22 is a sectional, view of others of said as mm‘ s a a detail-,sideview partsaof ' parts taken on line 22-22 of Figure 19; . ' 550 2 . 2,118,541 Figure 23 is a fragmentary top plan view of spring I 5 whose inner end‘ is fastened at I‘ to certain parts shown in Figure 11 and overlying said shaft l1 and whose outer end frictionally parts shown in Figure 16 partially broken away; contacts the curved inner side 2. of the box Figure 24 is a vertical sectional view of certain which is secured at 2| to main shaft ll. Thus parts seen in Figures ‘16 and 23 taken on line the turntable is yieldingly driven by this main 24—24 of said views; . _ shaft. Figure 25 is a vertical sectional view of said parts and adjacent parts taken on line 25—25 of Figure 23; ,10 - - , Figure 26 is a vertical sectional view of other parts, shown in Figures 11,‘ 16 and 23 taken on" line 26-26 of Figure 23; Figure 27 is a sectional view of record gripping jaws and other parts of the record-transferring 15 means taken on line 2'|--21 of Figures 1 and 15; Figure 28 is a view of portions of the same The rack or record holder mounted on the top 2 of the structure and indicated gen erally 6 (to be particularly described hereinafter) is adapted to contain side by side and edge up a plurality of disk records 22, extending in the 10 turntable’s radial directions. Record-transfer ring mechanism mounted on the platform 3, and hereinafter particularly described, is broughtiby rotating the platform, into registration with the holding rack with records therein and operatin particular record (in the rack) selected for play 15 ing, the particular record side (of a double rec ord) selected for playing being governed by the rotation of the platform in one direction or the other. This platform is rotated for this purpose parts, taken on line 29-28 of Figure 15; by the following mechanism, referring now to viewed from one side of Figure 27; _ Figure 29 is a vertical sectional view of a record ' Figure 30 is a side view of a record-engaging device of the rack; and Figures 1, 2,3, 4: Figure 31 is a view, somewhat diagrammatic in character, of certain mechanical parts and its outer end meshing with a continuously toothed endless rack 24 mounted on the downwardly ex‘ tending bracket 25 which is secured to the struc ture’s top 2 and is curved in a horizontal plane devices of the organization or instrument and certain electrical operating and controlling means therefor comprising electric circuits and instru ments therein, one of said mechanical devices be ing shown in section taken on line 24—24 of Figures 16 and 23. ‘ The embodiment of the invention illustrated by these drawings is a sound-reproducing instru ment or graphophone whereby any selected one of a plurality of circular disk records of different diameters may be transferred to the grapho ,phone’s turntable and “played” thereon, or either selected side of a double record may be played, whereupon the record disk is returned to its original position in a rack or holder, such selec 40 tion being independent of the order in which the disks are arranged in the rack. The illustrated mechanical and electrical or ganization, and the operation thereof, are as follows: - Referring now particularly to Figures 1 and 2, the base or frame ii of thestructure has a‘hori zontal top 2 and a platform 3 parallel therewith and rotatable in alternately opposite directions on supporting rolls 4 about a vertical axis concentric 50 with the record-carrying turntable I. e - A shaft 23 has teeth forming a pinion ll near concentrically with the platform's axis of rota tion. The teeth of this rack extend (as seen in Fig ure 1) along its opposite (upper and lower) sides, for rotating the platform in opposite directions, and around the end portions connecting said sides. Said shaft 23 bears turnably and also lateral ly-slidably in a vertical slot 28 through the down wardly extending arm 21 of the platform 3. As shown in Figure 1 the rack 24 is centrally mount ed in an oblong recess 25a formed in the face of the stationary bracket 25; and the shaft 23 has a reduced end portion 23a which remains in con-A tact with the walls of the recess and thus holds the teeth of the pinion’ 40 in mesh with the teeth of the rack. This causes the pinion II to travel around on the rack as the shaft 23 is ro- ' . tated and move the platform back and forth through the connection of the depending arm 21, secured to the turntabledn which the shaft is vertically guided. To render. this shaft sum ciently ?exible, its inner end has a head 2| through whose angularly spaced bores 20 slidably , ‘bear the pins 30 projecting from the side of a Excepting for the driving motor and its con gear 3! meshing with and driven by a gear 32 nections and the record-holding rack designated on shaft 33 carrying the bevel gear II meshing generally 8, this platform carries the operating with and driven by the gear 3' on the main shaft mechanism and devices, some of which are sup ill. The head 28 and‘ gear 21 are pressed apart ported above/the platform and others suspended by springs coiled around the pins ll. ' _ 55 below it extending downwardly through‘a circu The clutch members 28, II on shaft 33 (see lar opening ‘I in the top 2 of the frame. The Figure 5) being engaged, the platform I is oscil side 8 of this opening forms a circular track for lated by the main shaft II in alternately oppo the platform’s rollers 9 which assist in maintain site directions (depending on whether "the gear 60 ing the platform in axially vertical rotative posi tion. ' This platform and all the parts carried thereby may be lifted and removed entirely from the base or frame of the structure (for making re pairs and replacements or other purposes), the machine's vertical main shaft Ill being remov ably seated in a socket H in the upper end of its coaxial driving shaft i2 (rotated as by an electrical motor indicated at H in Figure 31), 70 this shaft Ill being turnable in said socket against a spring-pressed member i3 engaging its ?attened side, in case a stoppage occurs in the driven mechanism. The turntable is keyed at iii to a shaft ll aligned’ with the main shaft 76 l0, and a circular box I! contains a coiledg?at . 40 of shaft 23' is meshing with the teeth 01 the upper or the lower side of the rack 24 at the time) until stopped in registration with the. par ticular record '(or the particular side thereof) in the record rack which has been selected for play ing. This stopping of the platform's turning 65 movement is effected by the following mecha nism: - » v The gear 8i (see Figure 1) meshes with and drives gear 38 on shaft a whose worm 4| meshes with a worm gear 42 on a shaft 43. This shaft 70 (see Figures '7, 8, 9) carries a cylindrical drum composed of a plurality of circular disks ll (twen ty in the shown construction, being one disk for each record side of each disk recordinthe'record rack) disposed side by side, and separated by 2,113,041‘ 3 spacer disks ‘I, having radially extending ?anges Mind portion 33 of a horizontal bar 31 (con 43. The disks 44 have radially projecting lugs. nected at 33 to this lever) from supporting en 41 respectively, angularly spaced uniformly as gagement with a pin 89 on a vertically movable indicated in Figure 8. ‘ ‘ I ‘ ~ ' bar 90 thus permitting this bar to fall to the‘posi 5 Triggers '43‘ having slots 43 through which tion seen in ‘Figure 5 wherein its fork 9| con- 5 passes a horizontal-bar II have a turning and nected to clutch member 92'causes it to engage also a vertically sliding movement thereon guided clutch member 93 of an idler‘gear 94 on the main betwen the iianges- it, said triggers being asso vshaft I0. ' ci‘ated with and-actuated‘by the disks 44 respec It will be seen that clutch members 33, 31- can 10 tively. The gear ratios between the means for ‘ rotating the platform 3 and the means for rotat not engage whilev clutch members 92, 93 are in .en- .10 gagement. The gear 94 meshes with gear 95 on a vertical shaft 96 having the gear 21 of a com ing the disks N is such that the particular trig ger is actuated at the proper time (by its disk 34) v posite element comprising cam disks shown in Figures 11, 12, 16, 19 and 23, and in assembled side which corresponds with the particular record se 15 lected for playing and ‘ into registration with - by side position in Figures 1 and 2 in which as- 15 which the platform is turned. The vselecting mechanism includes the following parts operat ing in the ‘following manner: ‘ ' ‘ The particular trigger corresponding to the 20 selected record disk (or the selected side thereof) is moved from its position shown in solid lines to sembled position they are pinned together at I03 and rotate as one element about an upstandingv hollow post 99‘on the platform 3 in which post the'turntable’s shaft I'l rotates. ‘ For the playing of each record ‘these cam disks go make one complete revolution, during a part of that seen in dotted lines (Figure 8) wherein it is -which the ‘transferring mechanism is ‘operated engaged by the lug ll of the. corresponding disk thereby to transfer a record to the turntable and, as and is thereby moved against the pressure of a ‘after an inoperative interval (while-the record is. 25 spring 38 downwardlyand outwardly (and out of being played), said mechanism is operated re- 25 such engagement) by the camming action of its _ versely'by the rotating disks to returnv the record inclined inner edge II ‘on the ‘horizontal ‘rod 32, whereupon spring ll raises the trigger to its origi nal (solid line) position. The triggers are selec from the‘ ‘turntable to its position in the rack. To accomplish these ends, the cam disks (turning in the direction indicated by curved arrows) have ‘ 30 tively moved to their dotted‘line positions (for the following’ parts operating the following con- 30 nections and in the following manner: U > engagement with the lugs 41) by suitable select The lowest (the toothed) cam disk 98 (see Fig Such‘means ‘in the illustrated construction ures 2, 19 and 20) has in its under side ‘a cam means. ' . ' . ' comprises electromagnets 53, I31 (one magnet for groove III in which travels a roller I02 pivoted on 35 each trigger) whose armature levers 34. ful _ a flat wide bar I33 slldable radially of the plat-g 35 . crumed on a horizontal rod 58, are connected by form 3 in a bearing I04, etc. On an upward ex links 53 to the triggers respectively (Figures 8 tension III! of platform 3 is mounted the record and 10) whose magnets are in‘electric circuits ' gripping jaws and certain operating parts there 53 respectively having switches or buttons II- for for. The uppermost cam disk I06 (see Figures 2, _ 40 opening and closing the same (Figure 31)i_ These _ 11 and 12) has a roller I01 which travels in a cam do ‘ triggers straddle‘ at 53 the horizontal rod 33 . groove 133 in the plate I09 fastened to the under (being held apart by spacers 8|) can-iedgby-one side of another wide ?at bar IIO (slidable rela arm 82 of a lever fulcrumed at 34, so that when tively to and parallelly with bar. I03) whose post any trigger is forced downwardly by the engaging 45» ing 41, it swings this am and the lever’s parallel other arm 63 down against thepressure of spring III bears in a slot II2 ‘of bar IIII, a screw post II3v of the-platform 3 bearing in slot I I4 of bar 45 I I0 in the relative‘sliding movement of these bars.v I 35, thus carrying the double-sided catch 31 (piv- 7 ‘ This upper‘ bar Ilil carries at its outer end a ‘oted at ll on arm 83) downwardly far enough‘ to permit spring "to turn the upper end of this 50 catch’s middle ‘portion ‘II into-a position beneath the free end of a lever .arm 12 (as seen in Fig‘ toothedrack II! vertically yieldingly mounted on a threaded pm IIS-‘surounded by a spring I" whosetensionis adjusted by the post’s nut Ill. 50 On the outer end of the upward extension I05 of the platform 3 are spaced ears I2| having aligned ure 5). whereupon spring it raises arm 33 and catch 31 and lifts arm.‘I2, thus releasing its shoul-' bearings I23 in which a hollow member II! is . der ‘I3 from'theupwardly extending part ‘ll "of a 'Ftumable through about 180 degrees. (See Fig tires 1, 11, 12; 13 14, 15, 2'7 and 28.) This hollow 55 is horizontal bar ‘I3 slidably mounted at ‘I6 on an member II! has agear I22 with which the Votherslidable horizontal bar _'I‘I. Thus released. '- toothed rack Ili meshes, to turn it, and carries bar ‘I! is slid-by its spring ‘I3 toward the right hand side‘ of'Flgures' 1,‘ 5 and-6 causing its in clined right hand e‘n‘d.'i3to cam on the under ‘ between said eats a hollow member I21 turnably? ‘ mounted at I23 about an axis transverse to the ‘ ooqedge of a lever catch 3|! whose'other end II has ‘axis of member “9; This hollow member I2'I Q has at its outer end spaced arms I23 on which the been engagingv the'lower end of a lever 32‘ ful crm‘n'ed at ‘33 ‘andhaving a fork I‘ connected ' ' record-‘gripping jaws I25 are pivotally mounted at ' with clutch member .33. * i' The spring‘ 33' instantly I20 respectively. swings lever "to the positionshown'in Figure 5_ _ do disengaging the. clutch members”, 31 and stop‘ ping the ‘rotation of the platform 3 in the tion the record-transferring mechanism‘ Arod I23 is slidable in this hollow member. I2‘I so that its conical .outer end presses between and 65 separates (against the pressure of springs I29). ' the inner arms of said jaws to press their outer thereon stops in registration with the disk record _ arms I30 into gripping engagement with arecord ‘it: the rack selected for playing. The are disk therebetween. This- rod I23‘ has diagonal ' *teeth I'3l with which mesh thediagonal teeth I32 70 ' 10 _ now in position for the record-transferring mech ‘ anism to?transfer theyselected record from ~the “of and I33 slidable in hollow member I I9, so that r > ‘the sliding movement of rod I33 moves rod I23 to playing ‘position on the turntable. is as i'ollowsand is‘ operated in the ‘ following manner’ and by the following means: ' 73 The said ‘movement of lever 32 draws the in-_ radiallylnwardlyxor outwardly._ The movement of roller‘ Il‘l~ In canr grooveql?vof bar IIIi (see Figures 11 and i2)‘ slides this bar and by‘ its.’ 1 i . I _ . _ I 4 2,118,541 rack I II (meshing with gear I22 of hollow member axis, so that this lever swings horizontally during II!) turns the said member and the separated , the playing of the record by the travel of the gripping Jaws from the position seen in Figures 1 and 11 and in solid lines in Figure 15 to the posi tion shown in dotted lines in Figure 15, wherein they straddle the selected record disk 22 in the rack. The roller I" now passes out of cam groove I" so that bar III remalnsstatlonary, and im mediately the turning of cam disk IIIG brings the rise III of its peripheral cam I40 to the inturned end “I of a lever I42 fulcrumed at I42 on.the_ upward extension I05 of platform 3 and moves the leaf spring “let the opposite end of this le— ver'lnto pressing engagement with the end of rod 15 III and yieldingly slides it against the pressure of a spring I24 thus causing rod I28 to slide out wardly and press the gripper jaws and portions III on the record disk between them. The roller I" now passing into the ‘opposite end of its cam groove I” slides bar I It inwardly so that its rack stylus in the record groove. and also may be swung vertically to a slight degree to lower the stylus into said groove at the beginning of the playing and to raise the same therefrom at the end‘ of the playing of the record. (See Figures 16 and 23.) The inner end of this lever I65 is normally held in lowered position (to raise the stylus) by the travel of its roller I89 on the 10 long dwell I10 of a cam disk I1I (see Figure 18) fastened on the under side of the cam disk I08. but is permitted to rise (to lower the stylus) by the‘passing of this roller into the dip I13 of cam disk. "I. The lever I6! is connected to arm ISI 16 of the tone arm by a bar I 14 pivoted at I15 on this bar I14 and at I18 on arm IGI, so as to have (in case a large-diameter record disk is being played as hereinafter described) a slight hori zontal movement relatively to its said connected 20 I II rotates the hollow member I I9 reversely, thus . parts. As shown in Figures 1 and 17- this bar I14 raising the record disk from the rack and moving at its outer end bears on the convex portion I18 it toward the turntable. During this movement of the vertically adjustable pivot post I16 to hold however the record’s side selected for playing is the tone arm raised. » turned upwardly in its passage from the rack to, Mechanism is provided whereby the grapho the turntable and by the following mechanism: phone is adapted to play record disks of different The hollow member I21 has a ‘gear or toothed diameters, such as the ten-inch and the twelve sector I" (see Figures 14, 27 and 3B) which is inch records seen in Figure 15, and to lower the brought into mesh with one or the other of a pair stylus into the beginning of the groove of the of inwardly-facing spaced-apart toothed sectors record disk (of whichever diameter) on the tum 80 I“, I41 on the spaced sides I48, I49 respectively table, which mechanism is described and operates of a member I" bearing slidably on the ears I2 I, so that when sector I46 is by the sliding move ment of member I" brought into mesh with sec tor I45 the hollow member I21 is turned in one direction, but when sector I41 is moved into mesh as follows: When the smaller-diameter (ten-inch) record disk is played, the lever I65 and bar I14 swing together as one; but when the larger-diameter 35 (twelve-inch) record disk is laid on the'turn with sector I4} said hollow member is turned in ' table to be played, its edge extending beyond the the opposite direction, during the transferring movement of the record disk. The sector I45 is brought into mesh with sectors I48, I41 re spectively by the following means: ' The top 2 of the structure has angularly spaced threaded stops I ‘I, I52 marking the limits of the oscillation of’the platform 2. On the upward extension I "of platform 2 is pivotally mounted at III a catch Ill whose swinging movement is limited by screw stops I". (See Figure 13.) A spring ‘II. extending between this .catch and the member I" causes said member to slide one way or-the other depending on which way the catch is turned on its pivot I58. If the platform 2 be ' turning toward stop- III or IE2 when the selection of the record-side to be played is made, one of the catch’s extensions I" will strike that stop and turn or trip catch II4 so as to slide member I“ in the direction which will turn hollow mem ber I21 in the right direction ‘to deposit the record disk on the turntable with its selected side up in position for playing. edge of the turntable (as shown in dotted lines in Figure 17) contacts the upper end of a post I18 carried by the lever arm Ill pivoted at Ill on lever It! and presses this lever arm downwardly. The leg I82 of arm I 80 thus contacts the short arm I" of a latch I84 loosely mounted at I85 on the under side of lever I" moving said short arm‘ below and out of holding abutment with a stop 45 I8! on the under side of lever I65. As a'result of this operation the lever I" is swung by thetravel of roller I84 in groove I 02 without swinging the bar I 14 with it (and without turning the tone arm from its outermost position), this bar I 14 tum 50 ing on its pivotal connections I15, I16 until the upward projection I21 of lever I65 strikes the edge III of bar I14, whereupon the lever I65 and bar I14 swing together and the tone arm is swung thereby to a position in which the stylus is over 55 the beginning of the groove of the large diameter record and ready to be lowered thereunto. It will be seen that by this mechanism the stylus is in ' lowering position at a greater radial distance immediately the record has been transferred from the turntable’s axis for a large-diameter to they turntable for playing, the tone arm I“ is record than it is for a record of small diameter moved to engage its needle or stylus I59-in the . which does not project far enough to rest on the beginning of the record's groove. (See Figures 1, 11, 18 and 23.) The tone arm is mounted on platform 3 turnably about a vertical axis con-. centric with ‘its supporting member Ill, ‘said memberhaving a radial arm IBI. _ The tone arm is also movable vertically a sumcient distance to raise the stylus from the record disk and to lower it thereto, by the following mechanism: The cam disk I82 has in its upper side a cam .groove I" ‘in which travels a roller I64 on the upper end of post I12. A spring I" mounted at I“ on lever I65 and at Ill on bar I14 urges them to parallel posi 65 tion. The stylus being now lowered into the outer end of the groove of the record disk (of either diameter) by the riding of roller I69 up into dip I12, and the rotation of the cam disks (including cam disk “2) ceasing, the record is 70 played and roller I84 'inoves inwardly (toward ' shaft I1) in the enlarged dwell I92 of cam. groove inner end of a lever I" fulcrumed on a vertical I63. ~When the cam disk "2 was rotating be pivot pin I“ carried by a member I81 pivoted at fore the playing of the record, its peripheral cam I“ on the platform I to turn about a horizontal; v22I engaged thearm 222 of a bell crank lever .75 2,118,541 5 223 fulcrumed at 224 in a block 2I9 on the plat form 3 (seeFigures 2, 16, 23, 24, and 25).' The ure 31', etc.). These rods III, 296, member 2" other arm- 225 of this lever connected at 226 to a member 2" has thus slid said ‘member down Figure 31, (thus disengaging clutch members92, wardly (against spring 232) in its bearing in said block so that the end portion 229 of a long rod 296 extending through an opening 2| 4 of a and bar 99 are raised to the position seen in 93) by the aforesaid spring 232 surrounding an adjustable screw post 233 and bearing on block ,2I9. The rotation of toothed disk 98 causes the cam 234 on its under side to engage and press vertical rod 2|5 is in position to enter a hole 2|6 - downwardly the arm 231 of a lever 235 travelling of said member, whereupon said end portion is in a groove 236, whose other arm is pivoted to a vertical bar 238 (see Figures 19,20, 21 and 1) 10 10 inserted into said hole by the pressure of a spring 2I3 whose action is hereinafter fully explained. and thus raises this bar’s lower end from the keeper notch 239 of horizontal bar 11 against the The arm 222 of lever 223 passing off of cam 22| allows spring 232 to raise member 2” and said pressure of spring 249 (see Figures 1, 5 and 6). end of rod 295 with it, thus raising rod 2I5 and Thus released, this bar 11 is slid toward the right 15 disengaging clutch ‘members 92, 93 (see Figure hand side of Figures. 1, 5 and 6'by a spring 241. 15 31, etc.) and causing the rotation of the camdisks By this action lever‘ catch 89 moves from its to cease during the playing of the record. As the position seen in Figure 5 and its end 8| moves tone arm is turned, its arm I93 (see Figures 11, 16, into engagement with the lower end of lever 82, 23 and 26) moves with it. This arm has loosely and the left hand end 248 of arm 12 falls into engagement with the middle or web portion’ 1| 20 20 mounted'at I94 thereon on arm I95 movable ver tically and guided by the upward extension I91 of catch 51, and also the shoulder 13 of arm of‘ arm‘ I93. This arm I95 has a downward 12 falls into engagement with the upright exten sion 14 of bar 15. Thereupon the arm 24| of a tongue I96 adapted to bear in the vertical move ment of said arm on the downward extension I98 vertical shaft 242 strikes the adjustable stop 243 carried by bar 11 and slides this bar toward the 25 of arm 193, and arm I93 has a downward left hand side of Figures 1, 5 and 6, thereby turn tongue I99. ' As the tone arm swings to end the playing of a ing the catch 61 and the lever 82 and moving the record whose stylus groove terminates spirally bar 15 to their positions seen in Figure 1 and in the middle of the record, the tongue I99 strikes causing the clutch member 36, 31 to engage, and the end of a screw 299 threaded for adjustment in also sliding bar 81 toward the left hand so that its 30 the arm "I of a bell crank lever 292 whose other inclined portion 89 disengages clutch member 92, arm, 293 engages between stops 294, 295 of the 93. In this left hand movement of bar 11, the hori long horizontally slidable rod 296; but if the zontal bar 15 moving with it, tensions springs 18 stylus groove of the record being played termi nates undulately in the middle of the record, the and 241, and the vertical bar 238 drops into notch 35 239 of bar 11. The vertical shaft 242 is turned‘ tongue I95 ‘of arm I95 rides up an incline 291 (raising this arm) and slips over the ratchet (to‘cause its arm 2“ to strike and slide the bar teeth 293 of a horizontal bar 299 on the arm 11) by the toothed cam disk 98 meshing with said v2I9 oi! another bell crank lever2|| whose other shaft’s. gear 244. The playing of a record. may be stopped at any a 40 arm 2|2 also engages between the stops 294, 295. In‘either case, the lever arms 29I, 2I9 are thus time by closing the'button switch 259 in the elec swung from each other against the pressure of tric circuit 25I containing a magnet 252 which, the aforesaid spring 2|3, the other lever arms when energized, swings armature lever 2“ to' 293, 2I2 being thus moved into engagement with move rod 295 toward the left hand to thus allow stop‘ 234 and causing rod_293 to slide toward the clutch members 92, 93 to engage and cause the 45 left hand side 01’ Figures 11, 16 and 23. By this cam disks to rotate and return the tone arm and movement the end portion 229 of long rod 295, the record from the turntable to the rack (Figure (which during the playing of the record has been 31). The circuit '253 to the motor I4 is opened and closed by a master switch 254. supporting the vertical rod 2|5 inv raised posi ‘ The means for selecting the record (or record 60 tion, see Figures 31, 23, 24 and 25), is withdrawn 50 from the keeper hole 2I5 and falls in a vertical ' side thereof) desired to ‘be played, may mani slot 2I3 until it rests on the bottom of this slot. i'estly be operated or controlled otherwise than Thus the vertical rod 2I5 is permitted (at the by the means shown, as by coin-operated mecha end 01' playing the record) to fall and in so doing nism and the like. The armature levers 54 may swings downwardly the connected arm 221 of be yieldingly held in swung ‘position by suitable 65 a shaft 233 (seeFlgures 31, 16, 2 and 1). and also means, as the pivoted arms 255 whose notches this shaft's‘ other drm 229 whose wrist pin 239 256 receive their pins 251 (Figure 8). Any number of records may be selected at the turns in the. upper end of the vertical bar 99 same time for playing by closing the circuits 55 which carries at its lower end the clutch mem ber 32, and thus causes this clutch member to (by their button switches 51), and the records 60 engage clutch member 93. so that the cam disks thus selected will be played in the order in which rotate again to reverse the action of the tone the lugs 41 corresponding thereto engage (by. arm-moving means and then the action oi.’ the the turning of shaft 43) the corresponding trig record-transferring means and return the record gers 48 respectively to operate the machine. As seen in Figures 1, 5, 7, 8 and 10, the means 65 to its place in the rack. '. a - , This vertical bar 93 has a slot 23| in which for thus playing such selected records successive wrist pin 239 moves, to permit the unclutching ly includes a horizortal bar 219 carried‘on the of these clutch, members 92, 93 although arm 229 arms 2" of a lever iulcrumed at 212 and having may be in the position seen in Figure 5. The bar ‘another arm 213 engaging the lower arm‘ 214 » of a lever- iulcrumed at 215 whoserupper arm 70. 39, rods 2|5, 293 and member 2" being in low ered position wherein said clutch members 92, 93 215 is connected to the pivotally mounted sup port 211 of a mercury switch or circuit opener engage to rotate the cam disk, the rod 293 rest ing on the bottom of slot 2|8 is slid (as above and closer 218 in the‘ electric circuit 253 contain described) into keeper hole 2|6 by the spring 2|3 ing the motor I4 (see Figures 1 and 31). This 5 swinging the bell crank levers 292, 2“ (see Fig switch being closed and said circuit being closed 6 2,118,541 by the master switch 264 to operate the motor, and the button switches 61 corresponding to the records selected for playing being also closed, the action of the machine as hereinbefore explained causes the energized magnet 66, or 621 (corre sponding to one of selected records) to swing its armature lever 64 to the dotted line position seen in Figure 8 whereupon the rotation oi’ shaft 42 causes the corresponding lug 41 to engage its 10 trigger 44 to initiate the playing of said record, this ?rst record to be played thus corresponding to the ?rst one of the lugs which by the turning of shaft 43 is brought into operative engage ment with its trigger. \ 15 In the armature lever’s movement to dotted line position (Figure 8) it contacts the horizontal bar 210 (which extends along all the armature levers in the same relation therewith) and thus swings arm 21! toward the dotted line position 20 seen in Figure 8 and the other arm~213 toward the right hand side of Figure 1. This action swings lever arm- 214 and thereby the mercury switch 216 to closed position, thus closing the main circuit 253 containing the motor (this cir 25 cuit's master switch 254 being already closed). The same movement of lever arm 213 carries its horizontal link 219 in the same direction, mov ing this link's stop 266 so that the lever arm 61 may turn from its position shown in Figure 1 30 to that seen in Figure 5, and so that the actions hereinbeiore described may follow in the playing of the record. , each record disk-formed by spaced upright plates 260, 26! receiving the record disk there between. . A horizontally disposed record-supporting member 262 is moved in its longitudinal direction through the hole 263 in one (266) of said plates and into the central hole 264 of the record by the inserting movement of the record into its com partment. This member 262 is formed at one end of a lever or rock member 266 pivoted at 266 10 on said plate to swing in a plane at right angles thereto, and is pressed by a spring 261 to‘ the position seen in the two right hand compartments in Figure 29; but when a record is inserted, the record engages the opposite end (which is a 15 spring 266) and presses this rock member or lever 265 to move the supporting member 262 through the holes 263 and 264 as seen in the two left hand compartments in this view, thus supporting the records with their holes 264 in a level line curved 20 concentrically about the turntable’s axis. As the. upper ., r “0 is forced radially out wardly its lug 28 ' (Figures 19, 20) engages the collar 283v’ sliding on the rod 264' and compresses a coiled spring 265’; and as said bar is forced 25 inwardly said lug engages the sliding collar 286' and compresses coiled spring 261'; so that in either case this bar when permitted to return to medial position is assisted in such movement by the compressed spring. 30 The invention being intended to be pointed out in the claims, is not to be limited to or by details The ?rst one of the series of selected records having been played, the others so selected are (as 35 above stated) played'successively and in the order in which the lugs 41 corresponding thereto are brought by the rotation of shaft 43 into engage of construction and arrangementof any particu lar embodiment thereof illustrated by the draw ings or hereinbefore described. 35 What is claimed is: ment with their triggers 46 respectively. The operating parts 61, 12, 15, etc. remain in the posi 40 tion shown in Figure 5 during the playing of all the records thus selected; and‘ when the playing of the last one of said series is completed, these table, a magazine, mechanism for transferring the Parts are moved, as hereinbefore explained, to initial position, during which movement the spring 2" draws arm 213 toward the left hand side of Figure 1 and opens the mercury switch 216, _ and also moves the horizontal bar‘ 2117 to its solid line position seen i‘n'jFigure 8 whef'ei'r'i'it engages all the armature levers 64 in their solid line posi tion shown in that view. These armature levers may be locked in that position by a‘ horizontal bar 262 engaging them and carried by the arms 2" of a lever fulcrumed at 264 whose other arm 266 maybe locked by suitable means to the part ‘266 (see Figures 1 and 10). Thismay be e?'ected manually by pressing the arm 266 against or in 1. In an automatic phonograph having a turn records from the magazine to the turntable suc-' cessively, and a plurality of individually movable 40 record selector elements for causing a selected record to be transferred to the turntable, and a motor for operating the transfer mechanisms, the combination of a switch in the motor circuit, means to open and close said switch, and means 45 common to all the selector elements and oper ated thereby when any one of the selector ele ments is moved and cooperating- withjhe switch operating means to close the motor‘ circuit. 2. In an automatic phonograph having a turn table, a magazine, mechanism for transferring the records from the magazine to the turntable successively, and a plurality of individually mov able record selector elements movable from a .normal position to an operative position for caus 55 ing a selected record to be transferred to the turn engagement with a ?xed bracket 266, or by a table, the combination of latch means cooper magnet (not shown) mounted on the bracket ating with each of said elements to hold them in which actuates the arm and its bar 262 when the ‘ operated position, and a pivotally mounted bar magnet is energized. common to and engageable with all of said eleThe record disks 22 (of larger and smaller ments when in operated position and operable to diameters) are held in'the rack designated gener return said elements from said position to nor ally 6 with their central holes in registry wtih mal position for canceling the record selections. each other. This rack, as shown in Figure 29, comprises a plurality of compartments-one for HARRY a; YEIDER.