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Патент USA US2118722

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24-, 1938..
Filed March 25, ‘1937
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Filed March 25, 1957
% Hindu’
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented May. 24, 1938.
' 2,118,722
John Bock, Salem, Mo.
Application March 25, 19st“, Serial No. 133,063
4 Claims. ‘(ciao-2s) A
This invention relates to improvements in each-side of gate l l by means of brackets 24] which
swinging gates.
are secured to the opposite sides of two oi’ the sets
The object of the invention is to provide a. gate
adapted to be used across a roadway that will
members 2% have resilientlplates 23 which curve
of vertical members ill.
The free ends 22 of
7, be automatically opened by a vehicle striking inwardly and bear against gate ii, permitting the 5
the gate, and will return automatically to ‘a end 22 of guard member 26 to give; the plates 23
closed and latched position after the vehicle has acting as shock absorbers.
Bumng plates 2d are pivotally secured to the
A further object of the invention resides in the guard members W by brackets 25 which engage
in provision of guard members to protect the gate the downturned ends 2‘? of cranks 2b as best seen
structure from injury when being opened by a in Figure 3. The portions 23 of plates 2% are
vehicle driving against it.
- looped about ends 27! and secured by a/fastening
Another object of the invention is to provide 2e. Between the loop portions 28 is a cut out
means to be engaged by a vehicle to release the portion 36 to permit brackets 25 to engage over
i5 gate latch to allow the gate to swing open when ends 21. The loops 2% are secured fast to ends
pressed against.
27 while the ends 21 are adapted to revolve in
Other objects and advantages of the invention brackets 25 so that when buii‘er plates 2d are
will become apparent from the description and pressed inwardly the cranks 2% will swing rear
drawings, wherein :—_
wardly or toward post it.
Figure 1 is a view in elevation of the gate in a
A sliding bolt or latch 30 is mounted on gate
closed position,
ll by means of U-shaped brackets 32 secured to
Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view on the the members ll. The bolt is adapted to slide
horizontally in openings 33 of the U-shaped
line 2-4 of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary cross
.)5 sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 1,
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view on the line 13-4 of Figure 3,
Figure 5 is a fragmentary elevational view
partly in section on an enlarged scale showing in
0 detail one of the hinge members,
Figure 6 is a View similar to Figure 2 showing
the invention as applied to a metal gate,
Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary cross
sectional view on the line‘ 1-4 of Figure 6,
05 Cl
Figure 8 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view on the line 8-—8 of Figure 6,
Figure 9 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view
partly in section showing the modi?ed means
of mounting the hinge member, and
Figure 10 is an enlarged plan view showing the
modi?ed means of mounting the keeper, the post
being shown in section.
Referring more particularly to the drawings
brackets 32.
A gate post 3d is adapted to support a keeper
3% having a recess portion 36 to receive the end '
3i of bolt M. The keeper 3?: is provided with cam
surfaces 38 to depress bolt 3i when the gate is
being closed so that end it can engage recess 36.
A sleeve member 3% is adjustably secured to end 6
M of bolt 3i by adjustment screw til as seen in
Figures 3 and 4. The ends d2 of sleeve 3% extend
downwardly and are secured together by a nut
and bolt $3. The portions s2 are provided with
openings M, as seen in Figure 4, to receive the
cranks 26 which are adapted to be engaged by
openings M. The free ends at ‘of cranks as are
bent downwardly to prevent disengagement from
the opening M.
The bolt 3! has a coil spring tlli mounted 40
thereon which is secured between one of the
brackets 32 and a pin M which is mounted in an
opening 68 in bolt 3i. The spring Alli normally
wherein like reference characters designate like
45 or corresponding parts in the different views, a
urges the end 3'! into engagement with recess 36.
The bracket it is provided with cam surfaces
gate II is adapted to be mounted upon a gate
post l2 by means of brackets 13 and i3’ secured
M which extend upwardly on each side from
a, point opposite to where bracket i3 is secured
to the post l2 and which have studs It and it’
projecting upwardly from the brackets l3 and it’
50 to receive the looped ends l5 of hinge straps lb.
to post it. Strap is is adapted to ride up onto
The gate l l comprises the three sets of vertical
The stud M is provided with a nut Ed threaded
these cam surfaces all when the gate is swung
to an open position on either side.
members ill, the four horizontal members It. to its upper end, as seen in Figure 5,'to hold a
fastened between members l7, and the diagonal coil spring 5! which is mounted on stud it.
The lower end of spring 5! bears against a washer
braces I9.
Horizontal guard members 20 are mounted on 52 which in turn bears against the upper face as
' airman ' '
of loop‘ ll. The spring Ii is enclosed in a Car 3 I claim as
ing ll.
[ I ‘
1. An automatic gate. comprising a swinging‘
In operation, assuming the gate to be ‘closed, I gate carrying a sliding bolt, a keeper adapted to
as in Figure :1, an automobile approaching the be engaged‘by said bolt. resilient guard members
gate will strike one of the buiier plates 24 causing - mounted on either side 01' said gate. bui'ling plates
end 22 of guard member 20 to give against. the pivoted to said guard members and carrying
' action of plate 23, and at the same time buiier 24 -_ cranks, said bolt adapted to-be operated by said
will swing inwardly causing crank 28 to swing cranks. and said gate adapted to be opened when
rearwardly carrying sleeve is and bolt 3| rear
one of fsaid buiiing plates is pressed inwardly~
10 ward with it, and compressing spring 46. ‘1111s causing the crank to operate said bolt to release 10
will release end 31 from the keeper 3! so that the it from the keeper and permit the gate to swing
gate II can be pushed open by the automobile. ,open, said guard members cushioning the pivoted
When the'vehicle has‘ passed the coil spring}! end of said gate from the impact oi the vehicle._
bearing down on loops l6 will cause strap I! to
-2. A vehicle operated gate comprising a spring
<15 slide down the cam surface 49 swinging the gate actuated sliding latch, a keeper to engage said
to a closed position, In the vmeantime spring 46’ a latch, guard members resiliently mounted on each
will expand so that end 31 will engage cam sur ; side' of said gate, bu?er plates pivotally secured
face 38 causing bolt 3| to retract against spring‘ ' to said guard members and operably connected
4‘ until eiid 31 reaches the recess 36 when the
bolt 3| will be pressed out ‘by spring 46 so that
end I‘! will be held in engagement with recess 36.
It is to be understood that the action will be the
to said sliding latch, said bui‘ier plates project
ing outwardly from said guard members to be 20
engaged by a vehicle bumper to release said
latch, said guard members arranged to cushion
same when gate I I swings open in the opposite ’ the further impact of. said vehicle whereby the
direction. If it is desired to have gate remain in .' gate is swung to an open position, and means
an open position, it may be accomplished by associated with said gate to cause it to auto 25
pushing the gate to the full open position, so that matically return to a closed pbsition.
strap I! will pass beyond the cam surface 49
. 3. A vehicle operated'gate comprising a slid
and on to the upper horizontal side of bracket ing latch arranged to engage a stationary keeper,
i3 so that the spring 5| will not cause the gate guard members mounted on each side of said
to return to its closed position.
gate, bu?er plates pivotally mounted on said
Figures 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 show the invention as ~ guard'imembers and extending outwardly there
applied to a metal gate. The post 54. has a from to receive the impact of a vehicle bumper,
U-shaped bolt 55 secured to it which supports a said. bu?er plates being connected to said latch
plate 56 which carries brackets l3 and I3’. The ' to release it from said keeper, and saidguard
strap hinge i5’ is bent and fastened to the verti
members being resiliently mounted adjacent the
cal post 51 by member 58 which is bolted to pivoted end of‘ said gate to cushion said gate
strap ii’ to clamp it on post 51 as best seen in and bu?er plates.
Figure'9. The gate H comprises the three ver
4. A vehicle operated (gate comprising a'spring
tical members 51 and the two horizontal mem
pressed sliding latch, gate guards mounted" on
bers 60. The guard members 20 are secured to each side of said gate and resiliently supported
the members ,51 by the brackets 2|‘. The bolt adjacent the pivoted end of said gate, bu?er 40
Si is mounted on one side of member 51 by brack
plates pivotally connected to the resilient portion
' ets 6| which are provided with a loop portion 62
to receive bolt" 3| as best seen in Figure 'l. The
46 post '63 has a bracket 64 secured thereto which
carries keeper 35. The rest of the parts can be
used interchangeably and will not be described
The operation of the gate is of course
the same.-
It is to be understoodthat only the preferred
embodiment of the invention has been vshown the
right being reserved to make such’ changes and
. modi?cations as will not depart from the spirit
of the invention.
of said guard members, and extending outwardly
therefrom, said bu?er plates _
ng operably con
nected .to said ‘sliding latch to release said gate
when struck by a vehicle bumper, and the resil
ient ends oi’ said guard members protecting'the
pivoted end or the gate' from the‘ force of the .
"impact while said gate is swinging to an open
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