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Патент USA US2118868

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ay 3l, 193.
H. s. scHoLL
GASKET
Filed April 24, 195e -
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Patented May 3i, 1938
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UNITE@ STATES PATENT QFFECE
2,118,868
GASKET
Harry S. Scholl, Chicago, Ill., assìgnor to F. H.
Hill Company, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, a corpora
tion of Ohio
Application April 24, 1936, Serial No. ’76,176
11 Claims. (Cl. 27-19)
My invention belongs to the general class of veniently lifted in or out of the casket and which
burial caskets and relates more particularly to a
casket constructed of metal, wood, or other suit
able material provided with a lining which may be
r
D
draped over the top front edge of an occupied
casket and overlie a portion of the front wall
thereof.
Heretofore caskets have been constructed with
an entire iront wall which may be drop-pcd to
afford a couch eifect, the same being known in
the trade as a “full couch”. Likewise, caskets
have been constructed in which the front wall
has been formed in a plurality of sections with an
upper portion or section hinged at its lower edge
to the adjacent lower section, which type of cas
ket, is generally designated in the trade as a
“quarter couch” or like designation. However,
with the full or quarter couch constructions the
body of the casket itself is materially and often
20 seriously weakened and loses the strength and
thereof.
Among its further objects is the production of
a casket of the kind described which is simple,
strong, rigid and attractive in appearance and
which may be manufactured at less cost than the'
ordinary full or quarter drop couch, but which
will have the advantages in appearance oi the 10
said quarter or full dropv couch.
Many other objects and advantages of the con
struction herein shown and described will be ob
vious to those skilled in the art from the disclos
ure herein given.
15
To this end my invention consists in the novel
construction, arrangement and combination of
parts herein shown and described, and more par
ticularly pointed out in the claims.
'
In the drawing, wherein like reference charac
rigidity of an immovable or one section wall.
ters indicate like or corresponding parts:
Also the lining, as far example in the quarter
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a casket with the
cover in open position and the lining draped over
drop couch, when the top drop section is down
the lining tends to sag throughout the length of
2
device will in no way interfere with the closing of
the casket nor require any increase in size
the drop since there is a gap at the top edge of
the wall and there is nothing to support the lin
ing and instead of there being a straight line
across the front of the casket, the lining dips
from each end toward. the center. This detracts
30 from the appearance. The quarter drop con
struction also requires that the handles be placed
rather low and even be specially designed, since
they must not interfere with the dropping of the
section, and in general the appearance of the
35 casket is not satisfactory and pleasing.
With my improved construction the couch
effect is attractively secured without in any way
weakening the casket or requiring the making
of the side wall in sections. My invenion has
40 particularly as an object the construction of a
casket of the kind described which will secure
a couch effect without in any way weakening the
casket and in which the overdraped lining will
extend in substantially a straight line from end
45 to end.
Obviously, the manufacturing cost of
constructing thel casket is reduced by not cutting
away the side wall or making it in sections or
movable.
My invention has as a further object the pro
50 duction of a lining-carrying member mounted on
J:he front wall to which the edge of the lining
may be secured and which, when the casket is
open, will carry and support the lining as it is
draped in front of the open casket. The device
55 is so constructed that the lining may be very con
the front to give a couch effect;
20
`
Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the same with the 25
front wall portion shown in section; and
ì
Fig. 3 is an enlarged section of the iront wall
showing the lining draped back to the inside of
the casket.
Referring to the drawing, in which only one
embodiment of my invention is shown, there is
shown a casket, the body of which is generally
designated by the reference character i, which is
provided with a top or cover 2 suitably hinged as
at 3 along the back side wall. The particular
casket shown is constructed of metal, it being
understood, however, that the particular material
employed and the general design or style is im
material as my improvement may be embodied in
all types of caskets. Caskets of this type are us 40
ually provided with a suitable mattress, lining,
padding, pillows, etc. The particular casket
illustrated is made up with the usual bottom,
front and back walls and end walls, the front wall
being of full width, rigid from end to end and
permanently secured tothe end walls rather than
a sectional drop or quarter drop wall as previous
ly set forth. In the particular casket illustrated
â represents the front wall which is inwardly
flanged over at the top as indicated at 5 to pro- "
vide a top edge or face, the extreme inner edge
portion being bent downwardly as indicated at 5'.
Obviously, a wall so formed in one piece and sub
stantially channel shaped and secured to the end
walls is extremely rigid and will not readily flex
2
2,118,868
or bend.
This one part side wall is not weakened
in any way, as is the case in the full or quarter
drop couch construction, and the entire body of
the casket is, therefore, extremely rigid.
Arranged within the casket is a lining 'I and,
if desired, suitable light packing material 8 which
will maintain the lining fluffed out and substan
tially support it. The lining at the ends is indi
cated by the numeral 1', the entire lining being
10 of a size that it may be draped over the ends and
front wall of the casket as indicated in Fig. 2.
Arranged along the front wall of the casket for
a desired portion of its length, preferably sub
stantially from end to end, is a lining carrying
15 member or plate I I which is movably, as shown,
pivotally or hingedly, secured at the outer edge
portion as indicated at I2, to the top flange 5 of
the wall of the casket. As shown, the same is
pivotally secured to a plurality of hinge member
parts I3 which may project through the wall 4
adjacent or below the flange 5 at spaced inter
vals so the top face of the wall is unobstructed,
there being as many hinge member parts I3 as
desired. The members I3 are shown secured to
25 the flange 5 by rivets I4. While the member II
The linings 'I' at the ends of the casket are merely
lifted out and draped over the ends. It will be
obvious that while the lining carrier I I is shown
in the present instance as applied to a metal cas
ket, it may likewise be applied to a wooden casket
with the same effect. In either instance a quar
ter drop couch effect, and to a certain extent a
full couch effect, is obtained without in any way
weakening the casket and aifecting its strength
and rigidity. Of course, it is much more inex 10
pensive than the cutting down of a side wall and
applying hinges to the section and this construc
tion has a further advantage that it does not re
quire special handles or hardware as in the case of
a quarter drop couch. In opening or closing the
casket it is also obvious that the lining may be
lifted in or out along the front edge as a unit
rather than to lift it out by taking hold of an
intermediate portion pufñng it back to secure
(unsuccessfully) as. much of a straight line effect 20
at the top as possible. In this case the top edge
of the front wall provides a support for the lin
ing and the straight edge effect is retained.
Having thus described my invention, it is obvi
ous that various immaterial modifications may 25
may be otherwise secured by a suitable connec
be made in the same without departing from the
tion to the front wall, the construction shown is - spirit of my invention; hence I do not wish to
-desirable inasmuch as it permits the member or
be understood as limiting myself to the exact
plate II to lie flat and flush on the flange 5, so
form, construction, arrangement and combina
30 that when the same is folded inwardly, as shown
tion of parts herein shown and described, or uses 30
in Fig. 3, the free edge of the casket cover may mentioned.
be folded down upon the same. The member I I
What I claim as new and desire to secure by
is preferably offset intermediate its edges as indi
Letters Patent is:
cated at I5 and extended laterally as shown at
1. In a casket of the kind described, a plate
35 I6, the offset portion I5 being arranged to lie
member pivotally connected to the front side 35
substantially close to the ñange 5', as shown in
wall at the top edge thereof adjacent the outer
Fig. 3 when in closed position. Arranged on the
portion I5 adjacent the offset I5 is a tacking or
securing strip I'I preferably of wood or equivalent
face of the wall of the casket and arranged to
normally rest on the top edge of the casket side
wall and extend inwardly therefrom, and a lin
40 material to which the edge portion 9 of the lining'I
may be suitably secured, either by tacking, gluing
or the like.
When the casket is closedthe member
I I and lining is positioned inwardly substantially
as shown in Fig. 3. When the casket is opened
45 the cover is raised and the member II raised,
swung outwardly and dropped substantially to
the position shown in Fig. 3, carrying with it the
lining 1. The casket when then viewed from the
front appears substantially as shown in Fig. 1 giv
As shown in Figs. 2
and 3, an inner lining III may be provided hav
50 ing a quarter couch effect.
ing the top edge connected to the block or strip
I'I, the lower edge being dropped in the casket.
'This inner lining forms a reenforcement for the
55 lining of the casket and keeps the ñlling from
being pinched at the time the lining is folded
back into the casket. As will be obvious by re
ferring to Fig. 2, if this inner lining is made of
material of sufficient body it does have a tend
60 ency to support the lining and maintain it ?luffed
out when the casket is opened and the plate II
turned outwardly.
In this couch eifect the lining extends along
above the top edge of the front wall in a sub
65 stantially straight line and does not sag between
the ends of the casket as it does in the case of a
quarter drop couch. In a quarter drop couch
the front wall is severed or cut substantially at
the point indicated as 6 in Fig. 3 and when the
lining, which is ordinarily in that oase secured
adjacent to the top of the front wall at the inner
side, for example directly to a ñange correspond
ing to 5, the intermediate portion of the lining
between the two ends of the casket sags or drops
75 as indicated by the dotted line S shown in Fig. 1.
ing attached to, and carried by the plate member 40
as the latter is rotated outwardly.
2. In a burial casket of the kind described, a
plate member hingedly connected to the front
sidewall of the casket at the top thereof, said plate
arranged to normally rest on and parallel to the
face of the top edge of the casket sidewall and
extend inwardly therefrom when the casket is
closed, and a lining attached to the portion of
the plate member extending inside the casket, the
inner edge of the plate member and lining being 50
rotatable outwardly over the casket wall to a
position in front of the casket.
3. In a casket of the kind described, a plate
member pivotally connected to the front side-Wall
of the casket adjacent the outer edge of top
edge face thereof and normally supported on the
top edge of the casket side-wall and extending
inwardly therefrom when the casket is closed,
the portion extending inside the casket being off
set below that of the portion resting on the top 60
edge face of the side-wall, and a lining attached
to the off-set portion, said lining being carried
outwardly by the plate member as the latter is
swung on its pivot to the outside of the casket.
4. In a casket of the kind described, a plate
member pivotally connected to the front side-wall
of the casket and movable inwardly or outwardly
of the casket, said plate normally seated on and
parallel to the top edge face of the casket side
wall and extending inwardly therefrom when
moved inwardly, the plate portion extending in
side the casket having an off-set below that of
the portion seated on the top edge of the side
wall, a securing strip mounted on the upper face
of the olf-set portion, and a lining permanently
2,118,868
attached to the strip, said plate and lining car
ried thereby rotatable to a position in front of
the casket below the top edge thereof.
5. A burial casket consisting of bottom, side
and end walls, a cover secured to the rear side
wall and a movable lining carrying member ex
tending throughout a portion of the length of
the casket and pivotally secured at an edge to
the front side wall adjacent the outer face of
10 the wall on the top edge face thereof, said mem
ber outwardly rotatable to drop and depend from
the top of the wall at the outside of the casket,
and a casket lining having one of its edges at
tached to said member at a point spaced back
15 from the pivoted edge thereof.
6. In a burial casket of the kind described and
in combination, a front casket wall >provided with
a face at the top edge thereof, a plate mounted
on and overlying said top edge face and hinged
20 to the outer edge of the same, said plate extend
ing inwardly of the casket with an oiîset formed
intermediate the ends and adjacent the inner
edge of said top face of the casket wall, a securing
strip arranged on said top face of said plate, and
25 a lining extending from within the casket over
the inner edge of said plate and secured proxi
mate its free edge to said securing strip, said plate
movable to swing upwardly and outwardly and
carry the said lining over and downwardly at
30 the outer side of the casket, whereby the upper
portion of the front wall of the casket is con
cealed by said lining.
'7. A casket having an inwardly and -downward
ly turned iiange at its front wall top edge, a
plate pivotally secured proximate the outer edge
of said ñange and extending inwardly beyond
the inner edge of the flange and thence offset
downwardly and thence laterally inwardly, a se
curing block arranged on the top face of the plate
40 adjacent said oifset, and a casket lining secured
to said block, the said plate movable about its
pivotal connection to swing outwardly and down
wardly in front of the outer face of the front wall
of the casket.
8. A burial casket provided with a suitable lin
ing, a member pivotally secured to the upper edge
of the casket front wall adjacent its front face
and movable both inwardly of the casket and
3
outwardly and downwardly therefrom to overlie
the outside front wall thereof, one edge of said
lining attached to said member at the face upper
most when the said member is positioned in
wardly the casket and intermediate the side
edges thereof.
9. The combination in a burial casket having
a front wall provided with an inwardly extending
flange, of a member hinged at its outer side edge
to the top edge of the said front wall adjacent 10
the outer edge of said ñange, the inner edge of
said member movable to swing upwardly, out
wardly and thence downwardly from said top
edge of the casket, and a casket lining having an
edge portion secured to said member at a point 15
spaced back from the edge of the casket a dis
tance slightly greater than the width of said wall
flange.
10. A burial casket consisting of a bottom,
front and back side walls and end walls, a cover 20
secured to the rear side wall, said front wall
permanently united to the bottom and end walls
and having an unbroken top edge between the
end walls substantially corresponding to the
height of the rear and end walls and a movable 25
lining carrying member hingedly secured at an
edge to the front side wall adjacent the front
face at the top edge thereof and extending sub
stantially throughout the full‘ length of the
casket, the inner edge of said member normally 30
projecting over said top edge inwardly of the
casket and outwardly, rotatable to drop and de
pend from and below the top of the wall at the
outside thereof, and a casket lining having an
edge attached to said member and movable there 35
with.
'
11. In a casket of the kind described, a plate
member pivotally connected to the front side wall
of the casket at the top edge thereof and ar
ranged to normally rest on the top edge of the 40
casket side wall and extend inwardly thereof
when the casket is closed, a lining and an inner
lining attached to and carried by the plate mem
ber as the same is rotated outwardly to a posi
tion at the front of the casket or inwardly to 45
extend interiorly of the casket.
HARRY S. SCI-IOLL.
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