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Патент USA US2118900

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May 31, 1938.
F. s. SCHADE
2,118,900
NURSING TRAY
_
Filed Feb. 1, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR
l‘kmwr Snazzy Scmm
BY
'
-
ATFORNEYS
‘
May 31, 1938.
F‘. s. SCHADE
2,118,900
NURSING TRAY
Filed Feb. 1, 1937
2 Sheets-jSheet 2 '
INVENTOR
?aw/r Sim/my 30mm
BY
6%,‘;~ 6 77%
ATTORNEYS
.
Patented
‘h
ED ' '
atlases
Frank Stanley
‘anaemia
debacle,‘:1 Holyoke, Mi.
Application Feb
4 Clial.
1, ‘was, Serial No. 123,513
(01. 40-130);
This invention relates to a nursing tray. It is
made so as to help persuade a child to take food
feature of the invention to change the picture
from a dish. The way. this can be done, according
cut-out pictures from the children's page of a
newspaper, \although of course pictures may be
to the invention, will be explained after the
drawings and description of the tray construc
tion are given.
In the accompanying drawings-
v
‘
I
Fig. 3 is a top view‘of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a bottom view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a sectional detail view on line 5-5
15 of Fig. 1;
.
Fig. 6 is a sectional composite view of the sepa
rated parts showing a slightly modi?ed form of
the'invention;
Fig. '7 is a side view of the assembled parts of
Fig. 6;
.
Fig. 8 is a bottom view of Fig. '7; and
Fig. 9 is a side view of a form of the invention
like that in Fig. 1 but with a slightly different
arrangement of tray and dish.
The tray shell I is preferably made so that it
appears as a bowl of sturdy and plain exterior
construction.
This it is expected will all be managed
by the nurse.
in it;
Fig. 2 is a sectional composite view of the sepa
rated parts;
made up in other ways, and silhouettes may be
used.
1
Fig. 1 is a side view or the tray with the dish
10
frequently, emphasis is put on successivelyv using
It may be made to appear as a
simple dish like Fig. .1 or' as a combined tray or
dish holder as in Fig. 9. At the bottom are shown
recesses 2, Fig. 4, in which dry cells 3 may be in
serted against springy contacts 4 tending to hold
the cells 3 in position for energizing the electrical
wiring system. The wiring, except for necessary
terminals, is conveniently molded in the material
of the tray, such material being made of glass,
pottery, plastic or other composition that insu
lates, so that bare wire may be used. Centrally of
the tray bottom, on the inside, is a lamp socket 5
to receive lamp I 0, surrounded by a re?ector seat
Ii to receive re?ector ‘l. The glass cover 8 will
close the top of re?ector ‘I resting on its rim and
-
The picture element 9, as indicated, is placed
on glass cover plate 8 and conveniently held in
?at position by a retaining rim I I made of rather
stiil springy material with integral ears I2
tadapted to spring into lholding recesses I3’ in the
ray.
When the parts shown in Fig. 2, with glass eat
ing bowl iii, are telescoped together, the com W
bination will have the simple appearance of Fig.
1--just a bowl or simple tray appearance except
for a ?nger piece It for the lamp ‘switch.
‘The lamp switch is best shown in Fig. 5 and
indicated in the other ?gures. If the ?nger piece
I4 is pressed, terminals I5 and I6 contact to light
the lamp. Terminal I6 is in the form of a rather
strong leaf spring as common in electrical switch
constructions so it will open the switch when
the ?nger pressure is released. The leaf spring
as indicated in Fig. 5 is split to provide for por
tion I6’. Finger piece It may slide back and
forth like a slide switch between the two posi
tions indicated in Fig. 5. When pushed to the
dotted line position, the disk-shaped bottom of W
piece I4’ slides under 'spring end H of aterminal
in the wiring and, by having bottom disk por
tion III’ made of conductor material, while It is
otherwise a non-conductor, contact is made be
tween terminals IG’ and IT, with the same result 35
as between I5 and I6, the terminal I‘! having a
leg, indicated in Fig. 4, to connect to the same
wire W as terminal I5. Also spring terminal I‘!
will hold the disk portion III’ for switch closed
position until ?nger piece I4 is pushed back to
full line position. The wiring W to the batteries
serve as a dish supporting wall of the tray. This in the recesses of thetray I is clear from Figs.
transparent glass 8 serves as a good surface on 2 and 4 and the switch from Fig. 5. It is a nice
which a cut-out picture 9 may be laid out feature of the invention that» all this wiring W,
smoothly.
'
except the necessary terminals and switch, can
Picture 9 is contemplated as one cut from the ' be molded in the insulating material of the tray
children's page of a. newspaper or picture book.
I, making the latter of simple‘ appearance me
_A characteristic of the picture is that it be on chanically, which is an advantage from the
semi-transparent material such as the paper of
a newspaper so that the light from‘lamp I0 willv
show brightly under the picture and go through
the picture to illuminate it strongly enough to
serve the purpose of the invention.
Of course
the picture element of the combination can be
varied in a great many ways. But since it is a
standpoint of use as a tray.
-
The. mechanical and electrical constructions
of the combination are disclosed by the foregoing
description. And it will be clear that there is
provided a tray for transparent dish I3, a lamp,
a- re?ector, and a picture frame arranged in a
particular manner for the particular use of coax
2
ing and encouraging a child to eat with a strong
play factor involved. The nurse may manipu
late the lamp unobtrusively by the switch on
the side of the tray. It is contemplated that this
switch may be rather dif?cult for the child to
manipulate, so as to retain some mystery in the
combination regarding the way to work it. One
plan is to light the picture in the frame as a re
ward for eating to the bottom of the dish. Many
food in order to discover what there is in the
picture window at the bottom of the dish. There
is the light to coax, as also its ?ashing on and
01!; there is the picture-never necessarily the
same as at the time of the previous use of the
bowl; and there is the element ,of mystery and
play-all of which tend strongly and pleasantly '
to divert the child from the mere task of eating
to something else, but nevertheless holding at- '
tention to the eating act as the child's part of
10 uses will occur to the nurse that are unnecessary ' getting at the picture. These effects, managed
to specify here.
.
In Figs. 8, '7, and 8 there is shown much the
same invention in the combination of a tray or
holder for a drinking glass. In this combination
15 there are some other features ‘which I will de
scribe.
m
The principal one is the switch for turning the
light on and oil. It is arranged, as indicated in
the tray of Fig. 6, to turn the light on when the
20 tray is tipped to drink from the glass or the com
bination is tipped up for looking through the
drinking glass bottom to view the picture 28. For
this purpose a mercury switch might be used, but
there is shown the cheaper construction of a
gravity switch as an alternative.
The ball or
pendulum weight 21 is hung in recess 2|’, from
a pendulum hanger construction of any usual
kind mounted for easy turning in a socket termi
nal 20 of the lamp wiring. As the tray is tipped,
ball
or weight 2| swings over to contact the cir
30
cumference 23 of the other terminal and this con
tact lights lamp 24. When the tray is again
placed level, ball or weight 2i automatically
breaks the contact and the lamp 24 goes out.
Except for this feature the base of tray 25, its
40
by the nurse, can be graded nicely to coax the
child to do what the nurse wants, which of course
is to drink the milk and eat the food at the right
time. The tray is the means to the nurse's main 15
object.
Of course the tray is also useful as a_plaything,
even when the child's appetite is all that one
desires. In such a case the mild play element
gaming the time of eating tends to improve diges
on.
I am aware of prior art children's dishes hav
ing pictures made in the dish material. I am
claiming as my invention speci?c improvements
going to do more than that general idea will do 25
for the child. These improvements are pointed
out in the following combination claims.
I claim:
'
-
1. A nursing tray for a single dish comprising
in combination a base portion having a plain ex 30
terior, a rim to hold the dish centrally of the
tray and within the body of the tray and its
rim, a hollowed out space extending down from
the rim, an electric lamp, a reflector, and a pic
molded-in wiring, terminals, recesses to remov
ably insert batteries 3, are the same as described
ture frame within said space, the frame being
located centrally of the rim and at the top of
the re?ector, additional hollowed-out space adja
in connection with that of the other tray.
The upper recess 28 in tray 25, however, is
cent said aforementioned space, batteries and a
switch in said additional space and a transparent
shown provided as a shallow recess with an elon
gated lamp 24 to save space. - The surface of this
space may be made white or of light enough color
to act as a re?ector and dispense with a separate
re?ector element. The glass cover 21 fits on a
shelf of recess 28, to help make the frame for
45
picture element 28, which as before is held ?at on
the glass by spring rim 29, with ears29' to snap
into recesses 30. The glass 3i with its transpar
ent bottom is put in the tray or holder to rest on
of the picture.
.
50 topThe
nursing tray show
in the three forms of
Figs. 1, '7, and 9, for eating or drinking, is most
useful when a child needs to be coaxed to eat.
This is usually after weaning, while regular eat
55 ing habits are being established, and when for
one cause or another there is an apparent lack of
appetite but a real need for food.
'
As made for the purpose, the nursing tray
promptly attracts the child's attention to the
60 food container, by the light or picture or both.
The light can be ?ashed on and oi‘! or left on.
There is variety in the light. There is variety in
the change of pictures in the picture window
which can be easily managed by the nurse's cut
65 outs 'from newspapers or ‘picture books and put
successively in the tray. There is also variety
due to the different effects given by the kinds
20
,
dish for the tray adapted to rest within the rim 40
with the dish bottom above the picture frame.
2. A nursing tray comprising a body of insu
lating material having a hidden recess space for
dry batteries in its under surface, a picture frame
mounted across the walls of a dish-receiving open
ing extending downwardly in said tray from the
45
upper surface thereof and a recess for a lamp
under said frame, a support in the dish-receiving
opening for a transparent dish or glass to set
above the picture frameand wiring between the 50
battery recess and lamp recess, said wiring be
tween said recesses being molded in the tray body
of insulating material.
_
-
3. The combination of a child's nursing tray
made up of bottom and side walls, means to re
?ect light upwardly within the side walls, a lamp
in the tray to furnish such light, removable
55
means to hold a translucent picture sheet ex
tended across between the side walls of. the tray
and above said lamp, and a food dish having a 60
transparent bottom wall, the bottom portion of
saiddish and the upper portion of said tray being
made to telescope one with the other and thereby ‘
bring the bottom of‘ the dish at rest inside the
tray just above the plane of said picture sheet so 65
as to clearly show a picture‘through said bottom.
4. The structure of claim 3 and a self-con
and‘ amount of food in the dish through which tained electric circuit and batteries in said tray
the light can show more or less. The idea is to for its lamp, and a weight ‘operated switch to op
erate said lamp circuit upon tipping of the tray.
70 ?rst attract the child's attention to the dish, then
hold the attention, and use the variety of ways
FRANK STANLEY SCHADE.
to coax the child to give attention and take the
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