Патент USA US2119019код для вставки
May 31, 1938. J. W. MARTIN 2,119,019 VENDING PACKET Original Filed Dec. 26, 1930 20/ 2 Sheets-Sheet l ' INVENTOR. (72707557724 4 FORm/W/K BY ATTORNEY. May 31, 1938. J. w. MARTIN 2,119,019 VENDING PACKET Original Filed Dec. 26, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 .BY (14am ATTORNEY. Patented May 31, 1938 2,119,019 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,119,019 VENDING PACKET James Wellford Martin, Yonkers, N. Y. Re?led for abandoned application Serial No. 504,706, December 26, 1930. This application April 27, 1937, Serial No. 139,155 '7 Claims. (Cl. 312—91) The present invention relates to vending pack ets and more particularly to sheet material vend ing packets and to a method of making the same. It is an object of the invention to provide a vending packet which can be made from one E) continuous piece of sheet material in such ,a manner that it can be shipped in a flat knocked down condition to the point of use or ?lling where the sheet material can be folded in position to 10 form a packet with projecting shelves for sup porting articles of merchandise. It is another object of the invention to pro vide a vending packet which can be ?lled with articles of merchandise at a factory or distribu tion station and then shipped in a box to users who» will only have to remove the packet as an entity and insert the same in a vending cabinet. It is a further object of the invention to pro vide a unitary vending packet of cardboard which is formed and cut in such a manner that when folded a multiplicity of superimposed units are cabinet. 7 Referring more particularly to Fig. 1 the refer— ence character 23 designates the wall members or portions of my improved vending packet. Pro jecting from the wall 23 are a plurality of shelves it. These shelves are constituted of an upper and lower ?oor 6 and-6a respectively which are separated by an air space I. In the present in stance, this air space has a triangular cross sec- 10 tion due to the fact that the upper and lower floors are joined at the outermost edges in prac tically a straight line. Of course, the air space may be rectangular in cross section and the front made from one blank. edges of the upper and lower floors may be joined 15 or united with a piece of sheet material. The shelves are held in their projecting posi tion by the provision of a pair of bands 2 which are located at each side of the vending packet. In the present embodiment, the bands are formed 20 from and are integral with wall 23 and upper and lower floors 6 and 6a of shelves l9. These bands It is a further object of the invention to pro vide a vending packet constituted of sheet mate rial and formed into a multiplicity of units with may or may not be glued to each other and to wall 23 by means of any suitable adhesive such as glue, para?in, paste or the like at joints I0. 25 projecting shelves which project from the back Instead of cementing the bands to each other and to wall 23, a strip of paper or tape can be a?ixed to the front face of the bands or to the front face of the packet and which are constructed of two floors separated from each other by an air space. It is a further object of the invention to pro vide a method of making vending packets of the type herein described which can cut and form the vending packets from one continuous strip or sheet of cardboard or other sheet material. Other objects and advantages will become ap parent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in of the bands and the marginal edge portion of the rear of Wall 23. As one skilled in the art "3 will readily understand the use and construction of these binding strips or tapes, they have not been illustrated in the drawings. The improved vending packet depicted in Fig. 1 can be made from a single sheet of material . such as cardboard. A portion of a blank from which the vending packet is made is shown in which: Fig. 1 is a somewhat fragmentary View of a Fig. 2. It will be clearly observed that score lines preferred vending packet embodying the principle 22 which extend across the entire width of the blank define the upper and lower boundaries of to of the present invention; Fig. 2 is a view of a blank from which the vend ing packet is made; Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 of a modi?ed 45 the invention, into a weight actuated vending embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 4 is a view of a blank from which the vend ing packet shown in Fig. 3 is made; Fig. 5 is a cross section view of a container such as, a vending cabinet, in which an improved vend 5 O ing packet is mounted; Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view showing a longi tudinal section of the lower portion of the vend ing cabinet shown in Fig. 5. Fig. '7 is a longitudinal sectional view, some 55 what fragmentary, of a modi?ed embodiment of each of the walls 23. Between score lines I? a slit or out 3 is provided which extends from the lower boundary of one wall to the upper boundary of an adjacent wall. Extending outwardly from edge of cut 3 is a score line or perforation I6. 45 This score line formsthe strip of sheet material between the side of the blank and the cut and between adjacent score lines l2 into bands 2. Set back or staggered from score lines It is a score line 5 which forms the area between adjacent 50 cuts 3 and adjacent score lines l2 into the upper and lower floors of 6 and 5a. In this manner a strip of sheet material such as cardboard can be cut and formed into a blank from which the im proved vending packet can be made. It is clear 55 2 2,119,019 that the present method provides a procedure for The modi?ed vending packet may be made from manufacturing vending packets embodying the one piece of sheet material as indicated in Fig. 4. At each end of wall 22 a score or perforated line I5 is provided. This score line is set back from the outermost edge wall 2 so that a folding portion shoulder 26 will be formed. At an intermediate portion of the strip of material between walls 22 a score line or perforation 2| is provided to divide the said strip into the upper and lower principles of the present invention from a con tinuous strip of cardboard or other sheet material. When the blank is formed into a vending packet sufficient material can be taken so as to produce a unit with about 10 or 12 shelves. Of course, the number of shelves will depend upon the size of the articles to be supported therein. In some in stances, a greater number of shelves can be used in a unit vending packet when only small articles are to be handled. One skilled in the art can readily determine the number of shelves to be included in one unit by taking the size of the article to be merchandised into consideration. In Figs. 5 and 6, the improved vending packet ?oors 25 and 25a of shelves 24. When this blank is folded the upper and lower floors are joined at their outermost edges and are spaced apart at their innermost edges. This formation is due to the setting back of score line Hi from the outer most edges of walls 22 and by the provision of 15 shoulder 26. Referring now more particularly to Fig. 7, a is illustrated as being mounted in a vending cabinet. This cabinet may have any appropriate construction and it is herein shown as having a rear wall I8, side walls 4 and a front wall 1 con vending machine is illustrated.- In this modi?ed taining a glass window 8. charge port 28, through which the articles to be dispensed are discharged. A partition wall 29 Secured to the inner face of rear wall 18 is a holding member l3 which has turned edges at each side thereof to form grooves ll capable of engaging the bands and the edges of the vending packet. By the use of modi?ed embodiment of my invention into a embodiment a cabinet 21 is provided having a dis and a pair of guide rails 39 are arranged within the cabinet and co-operate with the marginal portions 32 of the vending packet to retain same in grooves ll’ a unit vending packet can be slid or the desired vertical position and at the same inserted within the vending cabinet. When the packet is mounted in groove I1, inturned edges M contact with bands 2 and form a frictional joint 30 therewith. This frictional joint maintains the vending packet in a given position in the vending time permitting frictional displacement of the vending packet in the vertical and upward direc tion. The vending packet proper comprises the cabinet. When it is desired to remove an article shelves 3| which are of a construction similar to 30 the shelves illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3 and are adapted to carry the articles to be dispensed (not of merchandise II from the vending cabinet the lowermost edge of the vending packet 28 may be grasped and drawn downwardly. As the motion progresses bands 2 are separated from each other shown). The upper and pulled out portion 33 of the vending packet is carried over the circum and from the rear wall and assume a position provided with a series of pins 36 uniformly spaced somewhat like that shown in Fig. 6. When the ference of a small roller 34 and over the circum 35 ference of drive roller 35. Drive roller 35 is around the circumference thereof, which are bands and the upper and lower floors assume the adapted to position illustrated in Fig. 6, article I | slides from spaced perforations in the cardboard or the like 40 band forming the vending packet, so that the the shelf and may be caught in a receptacle or in the hand of the operator. The articles of mer chandise I I, of course, may be regular or irregu lar in shape and may Vary from candies to toys or any other product to be ?lled or distributed. In Fig. 3 I have illustrated a modi?ed embodi ment of the improved vending packet. This vending packet has rear walls 22 from which a plurality of shelves 24 project. Shelves 24 are constituted of an upper and lower ?oor 25 and 25a respectively. As described hereinabove a tri angular air space la is provided between the upper and lower ?oors. Instead of using bands 2 to hold the vending 55 packet and shelves thereon in position, shoul ders 26 are provided at the edge of the packet. These shoulders abut against each other and form a solid joint. If desired a strip of tape or the like can be glued to the edges so as to hold the adja 60 cent walls in position with respect to each other. When the modi?ed vending packet is to be in serted in the vending cabinet and the articles then placed on the shelves it is not necessary to use a tape because edges M in the vending cabinet will press against the side edges of the vending packet and will hold the packet as a‘ whole together. In some instances the modi?ed vending packet is placed in a box or carton which has a strip of cardboard or the like crimped over the side edges 70 of the vending packet or otherwise suitably affixed thereto. When this construction is used the car ton has a similar construction to the vending cabinet shown in Figs. 5 and 6 except that card— board walls are used in place of wood, metal, or 75 the like. co-operate with correspondingly vending packet may be vertically displaced by the rotation of drive roller 35. The motive power for rotating the drive roller is supplied by means of a weight 38 suspended from a string or wire 3'! 45 which is wound around shaft 39 of the drive roller. Under the influence of weight 38, the drive roller 35 is rotated in clockwise direction the uppermost vending shelf is drawn apart and the article on the shelf is dispensed and will slide 50 down guard plate 48 to be discharged through dis charge opening 28. Of course, suitable locking means adapted to be actuated manually or auto matically are preferably provided which normally prevent rotation of drive roller 35 and discharge 55 of the articles until a coin or otherwise con trolled release mechanism is actuated. In view of the fact that such locking and releasing mech anisms are well known by those skilled in the art and do not form part of my invention no descrip 60 tion of these auxiliary devices will be necessary. Although I have illustrated and described cer tain preferred embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that variations and modi?ca tions may be made without departing from the 65 scope and spirit of the invention, as de?ned in the appended claims. For instance, the term vend ing packet and vending cabinet is intended to apply to any type of dispensing apparatus whether manually or automatically operated or coin operated. The present invention is a re?le of my appli cation bearing Ser. No. 504,706, ?led on Dec. 26, 1930 and entitled Vending packets and the 2,119,019 method of making the same, abandoned June 28, 1933. I claim: 1. A vending packet comprising a wall portion of sheet material adapted to be mounted verti~ cally in a vending cabinet, and a plurality of shelves of sheet material for supporting arti cles projecting transversely from said wall por tion at spaced intervals and constituted of a top 10 floor and bottom floor which are joined together at the outermost free end and secured to the wall at the innermost end and separated by an appreciable air space, said wall portion and shelves being arranged in such a manner as to 15 be capable of being withdrawn from the cabinet. 2. A vending packet comprising a wall portion of sheet material adapted to be mounted verti cally and held at the sides thereof in a vending cabinet and a plurality of shelves of sheet ma 20 terial for supporting articles projecting trans versely from said wall portion at substantially regularly spaced intervals, each of said shelves consisting of a top and a bottom ?oor having their outermost ends joined together and their 25 innermost ends joined to the wall portions in such a manner that the said shelves and wall portion can be withdrawn from a cabinet as a continuous strip, said top and bottom ?oors be ing separated by an appreciable air space. 3. A vending packet constituted of sheet mate 30 rial comprising a plurality of wall portions con stituting the back of the packet and adapted to be mounted vertically in a vending cabinet, a plurality of side portions arranged laterally of 35 the wall portions and adapted to cooperate with each other to hold the Wall portions in position, and a plurality of shelves projecting from said wall portions in a direction approximately trans verse thereto and adapted to support articles, each of said shelves consisting of a top ?oor and a bottom floor joined to each other at their outer most edges and to the wall portions at their innermost edges in such a manner that the packet may be withdrawn from a vending cabi net as a continuous strip, said top and bottom 45 floors being separated by an appreciable air space. 4. A vending packet constituted of sheet mate rial comprising a plurality of wall portions hav ing their tops and bottoms parallel to each other 50 and adapted to constitute the back of the packet and to be mounted in a vending cabinet, a plu rality of bands located at each side of the packet and extending from the bottom of one wall por tion to the top of the other, each of said bands 55 being capable of being folded at an intermediate region thereof and being adapted to hold said wall portions in position, and a shelf interposed between adjacent wall portions and consisting of a top ?oor and a bottom floor joined together at 60 their outermost ends and joined at their inner most ends to the bottom of one wall portion and the top of an adjacent lower wall portion respec tively whereby an article may be mounted on 3 each shelf and the packet may be withdrawn from a vending cabinet as a continuous strip, said top and bottom ?oors being separated by an appreciable air space. ‘ 5. An integral vending packet constituted of cardboard comprising a plurality of rectangu larly shaped Wall portions spaced from each other and having their tops and bottoms par allel to each other, said wall portions being adapted to constitute the back of the packet and 10 to be mounted in a vending cabinet, a band lo cated at each side of the packet and extending between and secured to adjacent wall portions, each band being adapted to fold at an inter mediate region thereof and to hold the wall por 15 tions in spaced position with respect to each other, said bands in their folded position occupy ing the side regions of the wall portions, and a shelf projecting in a direction substantially trans verse to said wall portions and adapted to support 20 articles when mounted in a vending cabinet, said shelf consisting of a top floor and a bottom floor joined together at their outermost ends and joined to the bottom of a wall portion and to the top of an adjacent portion respectively and spaced from 25 each other to form a substantial triangularly shaped air recess therebetween. 6. A vending packet blank of sheet material comprising a plurality of spaced wall portions having tops and bottoms parallel to each other, means located at the sides of the packet to hold said wall portions in spaced relation with re spect to each other, and a shelf interposed be tween adjacent wall portions and consisting of a top floor and a bottom floor joined together at their outermost ends and to the bottom of a wall portion and the top of an adjacent one respec tively, each shelf being secured to the wall por tions in such a manner as to be capable of being folded in a direction substantially transverse to 40 said packet, and said top and bottom floors being separated by an appreciable air space. '7. An integral vending ‘packet blank of card board comprising a plurality of regularly spaced wall portions having substantially rectangular 45 shapes and having their tops and bottoms parallel to each other, a narrow band located at each side of the packet and interposed between and secured to adjacent wall portions, a scored line at an in termediate region of said band to permit folding thereof, and a shelf extending between adjacent wall portions and consisting of a top ?oor and a bottom ?oor joined together at their outermost ends and to the bottom of a wall portion and the top of an adjacent lower one, said top and bottom 55 ?oors being separated by an appreciable air space, the aforesaid elements being secured to and ar ranged with respect to each other in such a man ner that each shelf projects in a direction sub stantially transverse to the wall portions and band 60 folds adjacent to the sides of the wall portions to hold them in position. JAMES WELLFORD MARTIN.