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Патент USA US2119019

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May 31, 1938.
J. W. MARTIN
2,119,019
VENDING PACKET
Original Filed Dec. 26, 1930
20/
2 Sheets-Sheet l
'
INVENTOR.
(72707557724 4 FORm/W/K
BY
ATTORNEY.
May 31, 1938.
J. w. MARTIN
2,119,019
VENDING PACKET
Original Filed Dec. 26, 1930
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
.BY (14am
ATTORNEY.
Patented May 31, 1938
2,119,019
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,119,019
VENDING PACKET
James Wellford Martin, Yonkers, N. Y.
Re?led for abandoned application Serial No.
504,706, December 26, 1930. This application
April 27, 1937, Serial No. 139,155
'7 Claims. (Cl. 312—91)
The present invention relates to vending pack
ets and more particularly to sheet material vend
ing packets and to a method of making the same.
It is an object of the invention to provide a
vending packet which can be made from one
E)
continuous piece of sheet material in such ,a
manner that it can be shipped in a flat knocked
down condition to the point of use or ?lling where
the sheet material can be folded in position to
10 form a packet with projecting shelves for sup
porting articles of merchandise.
It is another object of the invention to pro
vide a vending packet which can be ?lled with
articles of merchandise at a factory or distribu
tion station and then shipped in a box to users
who» will only have to remove the packet as an
entity and insert the same in a vending cabinet.
It is a further object of the invention to pro
vide a unitary vending packet of cardboard which
is formed and cut in such a manner that when
folded a multiplicity of superimposed units are
cabinet.
7
Referring more particularly to Fig. 1 the refer—
ence character 23 designates the wall members
or portions of my improved vending packet. Pro
jecting from the wall 23 are a plurality of shelves
it. These shelves are constituted of an upper
and lower ?oor 6 and-6a respectively which are
separated by an air space I. In the present in
stance, this air space has a triangular cross sec- 10
tion due to the fact that the upper and lower
floors are joined at the outermost edges in prac
tically a straight line. Of course, the air space
may be rectangular in cross section and the front
made from one blank.
edges of the upper and lower floors may be joined 15
or united with a piece of sheet material.
The shelves are held in their projecting posi
tion by the provision of a pair of bands 2 which
are located at each side of the vending packet.
In the present embodiment, the bands are formed 20
from and are integral with wall 23 and upper and
lower floors 6 and 6a of shelves l9. These bands
It is a further object of the invention to pro
vide a vending packet constituted of sheet mate
rial and formed into a multiplicity of units with
may or may not be glued to each other and to
wall 23 by means of any suitable adhesive such
as glue, para?in, paste or the like at joints I0. 25
projecting shelves which project from the back
Instead of cementing the bands to each other and
to wall 23, a strip of paper or tape can be a?ixed
to the front face of the bands or to the front face
of the packet and which are constructed of two
floors separated from each other by an air space.
It is a further object of the invention to pro
vide a method of making vending packets of the
type herein described which can cut and form
the vending packets from one continuous strip
or sheet of cardboard or other sheet material.
Other objects and advantages will become ap
parent from the following description taken in
conjunction with the accompanying drawings in
of the bands and the marginal edge portion of
the rear of Wall 23.
As one skilled in the art "3
will readily understand the use and construction
of these binding strips or tapes, they have not
been illustrated in the drawings.
The improved vending packet depicted in Fig.
1 can be made from a single sheet of material .
such as cardboard. A portion of a blank from
which the vending packet is made is shown in
which:
Fig. 1 is a somewhat fragmentary View of a
Fig. 2. It will be clearly observed that score lines
preferred vending packet embodying the principle
22 which extend across the entire width of the
blank define the upper and lower boundaries of to
of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a view of a blank from which the vend
ing packet is made;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 of a modi?ed
45
the invention, into a weight actuated vending
embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a view of a blank from which the vend
ing packet shown in Fig. 3 is made;
Fig. 5 is a cross section view of a container such
as, a vending cabinet, in which an improved vend
5 O ing packet is mounted;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view showing a longi
tudinal section of the lower portion of the vend
ing cabinet shown in Fig. 5.
Fig. '7 is a longitudinal sectional view, some
55 what fragmentary, of a modi?ed embodiment of
each of the walls 23. Between score lines I? a
slit or out 3 is provided which extends from the
lower boundary of one wall to the upper boundary
of an adjacent wall. Extending outwardly from
edge of cut 3 is a score line or perforation I6. 45
This score line formsthe strip of sheet material
between the side of the blank and the cut and
between adjacent score lines l2 into bands 2. Set
back or staggered from score lines It is a score
line 5 which forms the area between adjacent 50
cuts 3 and adjacent score lines l2 into the upper
and lower floors of 6 and 5a. In this manner
a strip of sheet material such as cardboard can be
cut and formed into a blank from which the im
proved vending packet can be made. It is clear 55
2
2,119,019
that the present method provides a procedure for
The modi?ed vending packet may be made from
manufacturing vending packets embodying the
one piece of sheet material as indicated in Fig. 4.
At each end of wall 22 a score or perforated line
I5 is provided. This score line is set back from
the outermost edge wall 2 so that a folding portion
shoulder 26 will be formed. At an intermediate
portion of the strip of material between walls 22
a score line or perforation 2| is provided to
divide the said strip into the upper and lower
principles of the present invention from a con
tinuous strip of cardboard or other sheet material.
When the blank is formed into a vending packet
sufficient material can be taken so as to produce a
unit with about 10 or 12 shelves. Of course, the
number of shelves will depend upon the size of the
articles to be supported therein. In some in
stances, a greater number of shelves can be used
in a unit vending packet when only small articles
are to be handled.
One skilled in the art can
readily determine the number of shelves to be
included in one unit by taking the size of the
article to be merchandised into consideration.
In Figs. 5 and 6, the improved vending packet
?oors 25 and 25a of shelves 24. When this blank
is folded the upper and lower floors are joined at
their outermost edges and are spaced apart at
their innermost edges. This formation is due
to the setting back of score line Hi from the outer
most edges of walls 22 and by the provision of 15
shoulder 26.
Referring now more particularly to Fig. 7, a
is illustrated as being mounted in a vending
cabinet. This cabinet may have any appropriate
construction and it is herein shown as having a
rear wall I8, side walls 4 and a front wall 1 con
vending machine is illustrated.- In this modi?ed
taining a glass window 8.
charge port 28, through which the articles to be
dispensed are discharged. A partition wall 29
Secured to the inner
face of rear wall 18 is a holding member l3 which
has turned edges at each side thereof to form
grooves ll capable of engaging the bands and the
edges of the vending packet. By the use of
modi?ed embodiment of my invention into a
embodiment a cabinet 21 is provided having a dis
and a pair of guide rails 39 are arranged within
the cabinet and co-operate with the marginal
portions 32 of the vending packet to retain same in
grooves ll’ a unit vending packet can be slid or
the desired vertical position and at the same
inserted within the vending cabinet. When the
packet is mounted in groove I1, inturned edges M
contact with bands 2 and form a frictional joint
30 therewith. This frictional joint maintains the
vending packet in a given position in the vending
time permitting frictional displacement of the
vending packet in the vertical and upward direc
tion. The vending packet proper comprises the
cabinet.
When it is desired to remove an article
shelves 3| which are of a construction similar to 30
the shelves illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3 and are
adapted to carry the articles to be dispensed (not
of merchandise II from the vending cabinet the
lowermost edge of the vending packet 28 may be
grasped and drawn downwardly. As the motion
progresses bands 2 are separated from each other
shown). The upper and pulled out portion 33 of
the vending packet is carried over the circum
and from the rear wall and assume a position
provided with a series of pins 36 uniformly spaced
somewhat like that shown in Fig. 6.
When the
ference of a small roller 34 and over the circum 35
ference of drive roller 35. Drive roller 35 is
around the circumference thereof, which are
bands and the upper and lower floors assume the
adapted to
position illustrated in Fig. 6, article I | slides from
spaced perforations in the cardboard or the like 40
band forming the vending packet, so that the
the shelf and may be caught in a receptacle or in
the hand of the operator. The articles of mer
chandise I I, of course, may be regular or irregu
lar in shape and may Vary from candies to toys
or any other product to be ?lled or distributed.
In Fig. 3 I have illustrated a modi?ed embodi
ment of the improved vending packet. This
vending packet has rear walls 22 from which a
plurality of shelves 24 project. Shelves 24 are
constituted of an upper and lower ?oor 25 and
25a respectively. As described hereinabove a tri
angular air space la is provided between the
upper and lower ?oors.
Instead of using bands 2 to hold the vending
55 packet and shelves thereon in position, shoul
ders 26 are provided at the edge of the packet.
These shoulders abut against each other and form
a solid joint. If desired a strip of tape or the like
can be glued to the edges so as to hold the adja
60 cent walls in position with respect to each other.
When the modi?ed vending packet is to be in
serted in the vending cabinet and the articles then
placed on the shelves it is not necessary to use a
tape because edges M in the vending cabinet will
press against the side edges of the vending packet
and will hold the packet as a‘ whole together.
In some instances the modi?ed vending packet
is placed in a box or carton which has a strip of
cardboard or the like crimped over the side edges
70 of the vending packet or otherwise suitably affixed
thereto. When this construction is used the car
ton has a similar construction to the vending
cabinet shown in Figs. 5 and 6 except that card—
board walls are used in place of wood, metal, or
75 the like.
co-operate with correspondingly
vending packet may be vertically displaced by the
rotation of drive roller 35. The motive power for
rotating the drive roller is supplied by means of
a weight 38 suspended from a string or wire 3'! 45
which is wound around shaft 39 of the drive
roller. Under the influence of weight 38, the
drive roller 35 is rotated in clockwise direction
the uppermost vending shelf is drawn apart and
the article on the shelf is dispensed and will slide 50
down guard plate 48 to be discharged through dis
charge opening 28. Of course, suitable locking
means adapted to be actuated manually or auto
matically are preferably provided which normally
prevent rotation of drive roller 35 and discharge 55
of the articles until a coin or otherwise con
trolled release mechanism is actuated.
In view
of the fact that such locking and releasing mech
anisms are well known by those skilled in the art
and do not form part of my invention no descrip 60
tion of these auxiliary devices will be necessary.
Although I have illustrated and described cer
tain preferred embodiments of the invention, it is
to be understood that variations and modi?ca
tions may be made without departing from the 65
scope and spirit of the invention, as de?ned in the
appended claims. For instance, the term vend
ing packet and vending cabinet is intended to
apply to any type of dispensing apparatus
whether manually or automatically operated or
coin operated.
The present invention is a re?le of my appli
cation bearing Ser. No. 504,706, ?led on Dec. 26,
1930 and entitled Vending packets and the
2,119,019
method of making the same, abandoned June
28, 1933.
I claim:
1. A vending packet comprising a wall portion
of sheet material adapted to be mounted verti~
cally in a vending cabinet, and a plurality of
shelves of sheet material for supporting arti
cles projecting transversely from said wall por
tion at spaced intervals and constituted of a top
10 floor and bottom floor which are joined together
at the outermost free end and secured to the
wall at the innermost end and separated by an
appreciable air space, said wall portion and
shelves being arranged in such a manner as to
15 be capable of being withdrawn from the cabinet.
2. A vending packet comprising a wall portion
of sheet material adapted to be mounted verti
cally and held at the sides thereof in a vending
cabinet and a plurality of shelves of sheet ma
20 terial for supporting articles projecting trans
versely from said wall portion at substantially
regularly spaced intervals, each of said shelves
consisting of a top and a bottom ?oor having
their outermost ends joined together and their
25 innermost ends joined to the wall portions in
such a manner that the said shelves and wall
portion can be withdrawn from a cabinet as a
continuous strip, said top and bottom ?oors be
ing separated by an appreciable air space.
3. A vending packet constituted of sheet mate
30
rial comprising a plurality of wall portions con
stituting the back of the packet and adapted to
be mounted vertically in a vending cabinet, a
plurality of side portions arranged laterally of
35 the wall portions and adapted to cooperate with
each other to hold the Wall portions in position,
and a plurality of shelves projecting from said
wall portions in a direction approximately trans
verse thereto and adapted to support articles,
each of said shelves consisting of a top ?oor and
a bottom floor joined to each other at their outer
most edges and to the wall portions at their
innermost edges in such a manner that the
packet may be withdrawn from a vending cabi
net as a continuous strip, said top and bottom
45 floors being separated by an appreciable air
space.
4. A vending packet constituted of sheet mate
rial comprising a plurality of wall portions hav
ing their tops and bottoms parallel to each other
50 and adapted to constitute the back of the packet
and to be mounted in a vending cabinet, a plu
rality of bands located at each side of the packet
and extending from the bottom of one wall por
tion to the top of the other, each of said bands
55 being capable of being folded at an intermediate
region thereof and being adapted to hold said
wall portions in position, and a shelf interposed
between adjacent wall portions and consisting of
a top ?oor and a bottom floor joined together at
60 their outermost ends and joined at their inner
most ends to the bottom of one wall portion and
the top of an adjacent lower wall portion respec
tively whereby an article may be mounted on
3
each shelf and the packet may be withdrawn
from a vending cabinet as a continuous strip, said
top and bottom ?oors being separated by an
appreciable air space. ‘
5. An integral vending packet constituted of
cardboard comprising a plurality of rectangu
larly shaped Wall portions spaced from each
other and having their tops and bottoms par
allel to each other, said wall portions being
adapted to constitute the back of the packet and 10
to be mounted in a vending cabinet, a band lo
cated at each side of the packet and extending
between and secured to adjacent wall portions,
each band being adapted to fold at an inter
mediate region thereof and to hold the wall por 15
tions in spaced position with respect to each
other, said bands in their folded position occupy
ing the side regions of the wall portions, and a
shelf projecting in a direction substantially trans
verse to said wall portions and adapted to support 20
articles when mounted in a vending cabinet, said
shelf consisting of a top floor and a bottom floor
joined together at their outermost ends and joined
to the bottom of a wall portion and to the top of
an adjacent portion respectively and spaced from 25
each other to form a substantial triangularly
shaped air recess therebetween.
6. A vending packet blank of sheet material
comprising a plurality of spaced wall portions
having tops and bottoms parallel to each other,
means located at the sides of the packet to hold
said wall portions in spaced relation with re
spect to each other, and a shelf interposed be
tween adjacent wall portions and consisting of a
top floor and a bottom floor joined together at
their outermost ends and to the bottom of a wall
portion and the top of an adjacent one respec
tively, each shelf being secured to the wall por
tions in such a manner as to be capable of being
folded in a direction substantially transverse to 40
said packet, and said top and bottom floors being
separated by an appreciable air space.
'7. An integral vending ‘packet blank of card
board comprising a plurality of regularly spaced
wall portions having substantially rectangular
45
shapes and having their tops and bottoms parallel
to each other, a narrow band located at each side
of the packet and interposed between and secured
to adjacent wall portions, a scored line at an in
termediate region of said band to permit folding
thereof, and a shelf extending between adjacent
wall portions and consisting of a top ?oor and a
bottom ?oor joined together at their outermost
ends and to the bottom of a wall portion and the
top of an adjacent lower one, said top and bottom 55
?oors being separated by an appreciable air space,
the aforesaid elements being secured to and ar
ranged with respect to each other in such a man
ner that each shelf projects in a direction sub
stantially transverse to the wall portions and band 60
folds adjacent to the sides of the wall portions to
hold them in position.
JAMES WELLFORD MARTIN.
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