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Патент USA US2119056

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May31, 1938.
J. -r. PETERSON
2,119,056
METHOD OF MAKING A SPRAY GUN
Filed Feb. 8, 1935 -
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John) TPetersorv
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2,119,056
Patented May 31, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,119,056
METHOD OF MAKING A‘ SPRAY GUN
'
John '1‘. Peterson, Chicago, —Ill.
.
. Application February '8, r935‘, Serial N's-5,556“
2 Claims.
(Cl. 22-203)
This invention relates to a new and improved spray gun casting so that the machined parts can
spray gun, and method of manufacturing it.
' be prepared on inserts of some metal, preferably
‘ More particularly, this invention relates to the brass or steel, and arranging the machined in-_
manufacture of spray guns to be used for apply-v serts within the mold-in cooperation with the‘
5 ing paints and lacquers to surfaces. >
cores therein. Because the machined portions of 5
An object of this invention is to provide a sim
a spray gun casting generally, ‘and particularly
ple, quickly made, and economical spray gun.
the type or. design shown in the present embodi
Another object of this invention is to provide
a method of manufacturing a spray gun, wherein
10 the amount of machining necessary in the course
of the manufacture is simpli?ed, made more eco
nomical, and substantially reduced in amount.
Another object of this invention is to provide
a method for making the machined casting of
15 a spray gun in a more simple and e?icient man
ner.
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'
Another object of this inventionis to provide
a spray gun in which both by reason of the fewer
number of parts, and the simpler more e?icient
20 method of preparing the' casting, a highly effi
cient spray gun can be made at a lower price.
Another object of this invention is to provide
a. spray gun with a simpli?ed construction, espe
ment are largely in a “straight-line-bore” ar- .
rangement, the method of this invention is pe
culiarly applicable and e?icient. When the cast- 10
ing is poured and cooled, it will be foundthat
the casting is ?nished except ‘for cleaning up and
polishing. Thereby, the di?iculties of machin
ing the casting after it is poured are entirely r
obviated.‘
}
_1"
In the present invention, the spray gun com
prises the casting I, which has transverse holes
2 into which a hollow internally threaded bush
ing 3 is ?tted. The casting also comprises a side
arm portion 4, and a nozzleportion 5, as well as
.a downwardly extending material-intake portion
7, which has been cast around the machined in
sert 6.
The forward portion of the gun is cast
cially with respect to the nozzle thereof, whereby ‘around the machinedv inserts 8, 9' and Ill. The
25 the gun is capable of better fan spray adjustment, ' casting l is further provided with a trigger stop 25
and‘ more constant air ?ow.
-
Another object of this invention is to provide
a spray gun in which there is a less amount of
V I0. ' The handle portion of the gunis integrally
formed in the casting, and comprises the handle
I I, which is ?tted with the ?nger rest extensions
material of the casting brought in contact with -l2- and IS; The handle ll terminates. upwardly -0
30 the material being sprayed whereby when alkaline into the shank portion of the gun, which is cast
paints are used, the chemical action of the alkali around the two machined inserts I5 and I6, sub
in the paint will be rendered less deleterious in stantially as shown. As maybe seen in the-cross
its actions upon/the gun.
'
section of Fig. 2, themachined inserts l5 andJB
Numerous other objects and advantages will are both internally threaded. The insert 8 rwhich
35 be apparent throughout the progress of the fol
lowing speci?cation.
The accompanying drawing illustrates a select
-ed embodiment of the "invention, and the views
thereof as shown in the accompanying drawing,
is placed in the forward portion of the gun is to "-1
previously prepared ‘with ‘anexternal thread I1
and an internally drilled hole l8, which opens into ‘
a forwardly opened chamber Hi. The forward _
termination of this chamber IS in the insert 8
forms a taper-seat 20 which in turn leads into 40
Fig. 1 is an elevation of the ?nished casting be
the passage 2|. The insert 8 in the ?nished gun
fore the working parts have been applied thereto. also is provided with a. hole’ 22 in the side of the
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the casting _ chamber is, and the small hole 23 located at the
40 are as follows:
shown in Fig. l. -
45
forward end of the passage 2|, but it is probably
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the casting in Fig. 1, just as convenient to drill these latter holes
partially cross-sectioned to show the interior con '23, 22fafter the casting is ?nished, although if it
struction at the forward end of the gun.
becomes desirable, such holes may be previously
Fig. 4 is a cross-section of the casting shown drilled and then plugged.- ’
in Fig. 2 about the lines H.
The forward end of the gun is furthermore
50
Fig. 5 is ‘an elevational view of a die casting provided with the insert 9, which is located permold for forming the casting shown in Figs. 1 to _' pendicularly beneath the insert 8. This insert 9
4 and comprising the liners supported in opera
is externally threaded with the thread 24, and is
tive position prior to casting, the mold being drilled with a centrally‘ located‘hole 25, which
shown with the top removed.
.
_
opens into the chamber 26. The. forward end of
55 In general, this invention consists in designing this chamber 26 is internally threaded with the
45
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50
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55
2
- 2,119,056
thread 21. This chamber 26 m the finished cast?
ing is also provided with a downwardly opening
' hole 28, which leads into the material intake pipe
29. This hole 28, however, may be conveniently
drilled after the casting is ?nished,'although it
may be drilled prior to ‘casting, and loosely
plugged.
‘The forward end of the casting is furthermore
provided with a downwardly extending material
10 intake pipe 6, which is previously threaded and
drilled asan insert in similar manner to the in
serts 8 and 9 above described. This insert 6 is
so placed that the material in the casting forms
about it as a sort of retaining sheath ‘I.
15
In connection with the making of these cast
ings it has been discovered that although this
invention is widely adaptable to all kinds and
responding to the handle of the ?nished casting
to provide the hollow interior portion. The ma
chined tubular sleeve or liner 6 has a threaded
portion positioned in a suitable depression 50. It .
will be understood that the mold is provided with
a second block (not shown) which is positioned
adjacent the face of the block 20 to close the in
terlor space 42 of the mold and retain the bars
46 and the member 48 in the machined insert 6
in the position shown. The supporting bars may 10,
be readily withdrawn from the liners when the
casting is removed from the mold.
Changes may be made in‘ the method of prac
ticing this invention, as well as in the form, con
struction and arrangement of _ the parts of the 15
embodiment above discussed without departing
from the spirit of the invention or sacri?cing
sorts of castings and various casting'materials, ~ any of its advantages, and the right is hereby
it is particularly e?lcient where the material
20 being molded is die cast metal. It should be
pointed out that when this method of making
castings is used in connection with the molding
of die cast metal, the molten material is forced
into the mold under pressure; whereas, when it
25 is used with other types of material, such as, for
instance, aluminum, ‘the ‘molten material may
‘be poured into, a sand casting. It should be
so
reserved to make all such changes‘ as fairly fall
within the scope of the following claims.
Having thus described this invention, what is
claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
.
_
1. The method of manufacturing spray‘ gun
castings which comprises providing a plurality
of individual tubular machined liners from a
metal having a relatively high melting point and
corresponding to the passages in the completed ,
pointed out, furthermore, in connection with this
invention, that in selecting the material out of
spray gun, providing a mold for said spray gun,
which the major portion of the casting is to be
made,- that material should have a solidification
said mold having portions for engaging each of‘ so
said tubular liners and rigidly supporting each
material out of which'the inserts are made. By
as to define the lining of the interior passages in
range‘in which the highest temperaturereached of said liners individually and separately in con
is substantially below the melting point of the tinuous abutting relationship-and in such order
35 solidi?cation range is meant the range in tem
perature during which the material passes from,
its fluid or molten state to its solid state.
After the casting is poured with the inserts in
place as above described, it is still necessary to
machine the nozzle portion! by threading the
the spray gun, said inserts being ‘freely separable
from each other and from the mold, and molding
an outer casting about said rigidly supported
liners to the ?nal shape of the gun with a metal
having, a relatively low melting point whereby to
maintain ‘the separate portions of the lining
rigidly in said aligned position and provide a
tion of the inside of the nozzle, which extends up unitary article.
2. The method of manufacturing spray gun
into and through the lower wall of the passage
2| in the ihsert 4, as shown in Fig. 4. The nozzle - castings which comprises providing a plurality of
portion of the gun, of course, is cast to contain individual tubular machined liners from a metal
having a relatively high melting point and cor
46 the chamber 30.
‘
The ?nished casting, as shown more clearly in responding ‘to the passages in the completed‘ spray
40 same and milling out a slot 3| in the upper por
Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4, provides suitable conduits for
the passage of air and liquids to be sprayed, as
well as supporting members for the air valves
50 and solidmaterial valves together with control
ling means therefor. A suitable nozzle may also
gun, providing a mold for said spray gun, said
mold having portions for engaging each of said
tubular liners and rigidly supporting each of
said liners individually and separately in contin
uous abutting relationship and in such order as
to de?ne the lining of the interior passages in the
A suitable mold for forming the aforementioned ‘ spray gun, said inserts being freely ‘separable.
from each other and from the mold, and molding
casting is shown more clearly in Fig. 5 and com
an outer casting about said rigidly supported
55 prises a block of material 40, being hollowed out
centrally at 42 to the general outer form of the liners to the final shape of the gun with a mold
?nal casting. The block is provided'with a sprue able material having a relatively low molding
for introducing the’ molten material into the temperature whereby to maintain the separate
mold. It will be noted that the respective liners portions of the lining rigidly in said aligned posi
tion and provide a unitary article.
60 are supported upon bars 46 and that a core mem
JOHN T. PETERSON.
ber 48 extends into the portion of the mold cor
be provided for the present device.
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