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Патент USA US2119178

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May 31, 193s. _
Q_ P_ENNINO
,
2,119,178
COMBINATION CLIP AND BROOCH STRUCTURE
Filed May 7, 1937
/// III/’lll
l
INVENFQR. '
ÚlfesâlDe/mz/no
BVM.
ATTORNEY. 1
2,119,178
Patented May 31, 1938
barren stares rA'rEn'r orricr.2,119,178
CÜIWBINATBQN CLIP ANI) BRÜUCH STRUC
TU RE
@reste Pennino, New York, N. Y.
Application May 7, 1937, Serial No. 141,268
8 Claims.
(Ci. Gli-_20)
‘ `This invention relates to jewelry and more
particularly refers to improvements in demount
able brooches comprising a pair of ornamental
clips held together by a special mounting.
_'I‘he idea of combining a set of two ornamental
clips in order to produce a brooch is not per se
new, but such arrangements as have come to my
notice generally do not provide such a rigid and
secure mounting free from wobbling as required
' in connection with jewelry ci the better grade.
The primary object of this invention is to pro
vide a novel and improved combination of orna
mental clips and brooch mounting whereby a
brooch can be quickly assembled or disassembled
" so as to permit the clips to be used separately or
as part of the brooch assemblage.
Another object is to provide a novel and imn
proved construction oi’ ornamental Vclips and
brooch mounting adapted to cooperate with one
ze another in producing a brooch assemblage, the
brooch mounting having means for insuring cor
rect positioning of the clips with respect to each
other and also having means ‘adapte-d to engage
The base 2S of each pivotal sup»
_
front ornamental member in proximity of its
inner edge and each base plate is provided with
a hook extension 3E) serving as anchorage for a
tension spring 3| adapted to act as a snap-over
spring holding the clasp member either in its
open or closed position.
’
Each clasp member is in its turn formed with
a hooked prong 32 serving as point of attachment
for the outer end of the corresponding spring.
Each ornamental member is furthermore pro
vided at the rear in proximity of its outer end
with a lug 33, 34 having a longitudinal perfora
tion 35, said two lugs preferably being in longi
tudinal alignment with each other when the two
clips are set with their inner edges abutting as
shown in Fig. l.
The clasp members are provided as usual with
a number of prongs such as 36, 3l struck oiï and
improved construction of ornamental clip and
brooch mounting whereby the said elements can
be 'caused to readily interlock and to be just as
length with a rectangular opening 3Q, said open- ‘
other, so as to create the eiîect of absolute `con
tinuity in the brooch structure.
A furthe-r object is to provide a novel and
extending body portion provided midway of its
readily disconnected, said construction requiring
ing having oppositely directed longitudinal ex
but a very small change in the clips themselves
tensions 40, 4I.
and being adapted to be produce-d at relatively
low cost.
v,
Other objects and advantages of the present
invention will more fullyrappear as the descrip~
tion proceeds and will be set forth and claimed
in the appended claims.
Myinvention is illustrated by'way of example
in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. l is a rear View in elevation of a brooch
assemblage embodying my invention;
‘ Fig.`2 is a rear View in elevation of the mount»
ing used in the arrangement of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal‘section of the brooch
through line 3-3 of Fig. l; and
Fig. 4 is a rear view of one of the clips forming
part of the organization shown vin Figs. l and
"Referring to the drawing, it is seen that the
l
sponding clasp.
port is secured by soldering or otherwise to the
inwardly projecting from the body thereof serv
ing as gripping members holding the clips in
position when used without the brooch mounting.
The brooch mounting which is generally desig
nated by numeral 38 comprises a longitudinally
the two clips and hold them firmly against each
D
Each pivotal support comprises a base such as
shown at 28 and two end ears or lugs 29 between
which is hinged the attaching end of the corre
O:î brooch Ais composed of two ornamental or dress
clips 20, 2l each comprising a front ornamental
member 22, 23 having a substantially straight
inner `edge such as shown at 24, 25 and being
provided at the rear in proximity of said edge
CTI with a pivotal support for a spring clasp 26, 2ï.
'
f
The distance between the lower edge 42 and the
upper edge 43 of opening 39, corresponds to the
distance between the outer surfaces of lugs or
ears 29, so that the clasp members when in their
open position can be inserted through the open
ing 39 and the ears or lugs 29 of the base mem
bers will llt snugly within said opening as shown
1n
1.
By the same token, the distance between the
vertical edges 44, 45 of opening
substantially
corresponds to the distance between the outer
edges of the ears or lugs 29 of the two clips when
the inner edges of said clips abut against each
other as shown in Figs. l and 3.
45"
`
It will be observed that the plate mounting 28
is provided in proximity of its upper edge with
a pin member s6 pivotally mounted at one end
at 4l and secured in position at the other end
by a catch 48, said pin member serving as a
means for securing the assembled brooch in posi
tion, as will be understood.
se
-
Said plate isV also formed with two outwardly
projecting prongs 49, 5U, one at each end of the
n
2
2,119,178
plate, said prongs being in longitudinal align
ment with each other. Said prongs are adapted
to register with openings 35 in lugs 33, 34, and
the distance between them is such that they will
penetrate through said openings and act as exact
and dependable positioning means for the two
clips, when the two clip bodies reach the position
shown in the drawing in which their inner edges
abut against each other.
10
In addition, it will be seen that the plate
mounting is formed at each end with a rearward
ly extending spring acting catch or tongue 5|, 52,
each catch having its tip end slightly bent out
wardly and preferably having its main body por
15 tion slightly bent inwardly.
Each clasp member is formed with an opening
53, the inner edge 54 of which is adapted to reg
ister with and to be engaged by the corresponding
catch or tongue 5|, 52, of the plate mounting.
20
When the clasp member has first been inserted
through opening 39, and has then been moved
to the clamping position shown in the drawing,
the corresponding catch or tongue 5| or 52 is
forced slightly outwardly, so that when the clasp
25 is released, the spring action of said tongue or
catch will tend to force the clip inwardly. In
other words, the action of catches cr tongues 5|,
52 is not only to retain the clasp members in posi
tion against the mounting blade, but also to force
30 the two clips inwardly so that they will closely
abut against each other and will not leave any
air space between their adjoining inner edges
24, 25.
In order to assemble the clips and the mount
ing plate and form a brooch assemblage, the open
clasp member of one of the clips is ñrst inserted
through opening 39, and the corresponding prong
49 or 50 is then inserted through opening 35, in
the lug 33 or 34 of the clip.
At the same time, the lugs or ears 29 of the
clip are forced through the opening 39, and then
the clasp member is lowered to its clamping posi
tion and forced into engagement with the corre»
sponding latch or tongue 5| or 52. The same op
45 eration is then repeated for the other clip and
the brooch will then be ready for use.
The extensions 40, 4| from the sides of open
ing 39 provide clearance spaces which accom
modate the hooked prongs 32, projecting down
wardly from the surface of each clasp member.
In view of the fact that lugs 33, 34 are upward
ly spa-ced from the central longitudinal line of
their respective clips in order to form a brooch
assemblage it is necessary to always have prong
55 49 engage lug 33 and prong 5|! engage lug 34,
This makes it necessary to exert a little care in
assembling the various parts because each clip
must always be at the same side.
60
In order to make the parts entirely inter
changeable if desired, another lug 33', 35’ can
be provided at the rear of the clips in symmetri
0,5
cal arrangement with the lugs 33, 34. It becomes
then possible to reverse the relative position of
the two clips by causing prong 49 to engage lug
34’ and prong 5U to engage lug 33'.
It is thus seen that my improved mounting
provides reliable and positive positioning and
retaining means, insuring a firm assembling of
70 the various parts and their perfect matching to
produce the complete brooch design. '
Minor constructional details of my invention
may vary from those shown without departing
from the inventive idea. The drawing should,
,. therefore, be understood as being intended for
illustrative purposes only and not in a limiting
sense.
Accordingly, I reserve the right to carry my
invention into practice in all those Ways and
manners which may enter, fairly, into the scope
of the appended claims.
I claim:
1` In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally mount
10
ed at the rear thereof, and a brooch mounting
comprising a plate having an opening through
which said spring clasps can be inserted to be
folded over said plate, said plate having at each
end a longitudinally extending prong, each clip 15
having a longitudinally perforated lug rearward
ly extending from its body portion, adapted to
register with and receive the prong at the corre
sponding side, whereby said clip members will be
correctly positioned with respect to each other. 20
2. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally mount
ed at the rear thereof, and a brooch mounting
comprising a plate having an opening through 25
which said spring clasps can be inserted to be
folded over said plate, said plate having at each
side a rearwardly extending spring acting tongue
each clasp having an opening the inner edge of
which is spaced from the inner edge of the cor
30
responding clip body a distance substantially
corresponding to the distance of the inner sur
face of the corresponding tongue from the center
of said plate, said tongue being adapted to en
gage the inner edge of said opening and to press 35
against it, tending to force the corresponding
clip member into intimate abutment with the
other clip member, along the inner edge of each
of the bodies thereof.
-
3. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
40
mental body and a spring clasp pivotally mount
ed at the rear thereof, and a brooch mounting
comprising a plate having an opening through
which said spring clasps can be inserted to be 45
folded over said plate, said plate having at each
side a rearwardly extending spring acting tongue
each clasp having an opening the inner edge of
which is spaced from the inner edge of the
corresponding clip body a distance substantially 50
corresponding to the distance of the inner sur
face of the corresponding tongue from the center
of said plate, said tongue being adapted to en
gage the inner edge of said opening and to press
against it, tending to force the corresponding clip
member into intimate abutment with the other
clip member, along the inner edge of the bodies
thereof, said plate having at each end a longi
tudinally extending prong, each clip having a
longitudinally perforated lug rearwardly extend 60
ing from its body portion, adapted to register
with and receive the prong at the corresponding
side, whereby said clip members will be correctly
positioned with respect to each other.
4. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem 65
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body, a clasp base member at the rear
thereof having two spaced ears rearwardly ex
tending therefrom, and a spring clasp pivotally
70
ing comprising a plate having an opening
through which said spring clasps can be inserted
to be folded over said plate, the lateral edges
of said opening being spaced a distance substan 75
mounted between said ears, and a brooch mount
2,119,178
tially corresponding to the distance between the
outer edges of the ears of the two base members
when said clip bodies are arranged end to end
with their inner edges abutting against each
other, the top and bottom edges of said opening
being spaced a distance corresponding to the
distance between the outer surfaces of the ears
of each base member so as to frictionally engage
the same when said ears are inserted through
said opening.
5. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body,V a clasp base member at the rear
thereof having two spaced ears rearwardly ex
tending therefrom, and a spring clasp pivotally
mounted between said ears, and a brooch mount
ing comprising a plate having an opening
through which said spring clasps can be inserted
to be folded over said plate, the lateral edges of
20 said opening being spaced a distance substantial
ly corresponding to the distance between the out
er edges of the ears of the two base members
when said clip bodies are arranged end to end
with their inner edges abutting against each
25 other, the top and bottom edges of said opening
being spaced a distance corresponding to the dis
tance between the outer surfaces of the ears of
each base member so as to frictionally engage the
same when said ears are inserted through said
30 opening, said plate furthermore having at each
side a rearwardly extending spring acting tongue
each clasp having an opening the inner edge
of which is spaced from the inner edge of the
corresponding clip body a distance substantially
35 corresponding to the distance of the inner sur
face of the corresponding tongue from the center
of said plate, said tongue being adapted to en
gage the inner edge of said clasp opening and
to press against it, tending to force the corre
sponding clip member into intimate abutment
with the other clip member, along the inner edge
of each of the bodies thereof.
6. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna
mental body, a clasp base member at the rear
thereof having two spaced ears rearwardly ex
tending therefrom, and a spring clasp pivotally
mounted between said ears, and a brooch mount
ing comprising a plate having an opening through
which said spring clasps can be inserted to be
50
folded over said plate, the lateral edges of said
opening being spaced a, distance substantially
corresponding to the distance between the outer
edges of the ears of the two base members when
said clip bodies are arranged end to end with
their inner edges abutting against each other,
the top and bottom edges of said opening being
spaced‘a distance corresponding to the distance
between the outer surfaces of the ears of each
base member so as to frictionally engage the
same when said ears are inserted through said
3
opening, said plate furthermore having at each
end a longitudinally extending prong, and eachy
clip having a longitudinally perforated lug rear
wardly extending from its body portion, adapted
to register with and receive the prong at the
corresponding side, whereby said clip members
will be correctly positioned with respect to each
other.
» 7. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip mem
bers, each clip member comprising a front orna 10
mental body, a clasp base member at the rear
thereof having two spaced ears rearwardly ex~
tending therefrom, and a spring clasp pivotally
mounted between said ears, and a brooch mount
ing comprising a plate having an opening through 15
which said spring clasps can be inserted to be
folded over said plate, the lateral edges of said
opening being spaced a distance substantially
corresponding to the distance between the ou'ter
edges of the ears of the two base members when 20
said clip bodies are arranged end to end with
their inner edges abutting against each other,
the top and bottom edges of said opening being
spaced a distance corresponding to the distance
between the outer surfaces of the ears of each 25
base member so as to frictionally engage the
same when said ears are inserted through said
opening, said plate furthermore having at each
end a longitudinally extending prong, and each
clip having a longitudinally perforated lug rear 30
wardly extending from its body portion, adapted
to register with and receive the prong at the cor
responding side, whereby said clip members will
be correctly positioned with respect to each other,
said plate also having at each side a rearwardly 35
extending spring acting tongue each clasp having
an opening the inner edge of which is spaced from
the inner edge of the corresponding clip' body a
distance substantially corresponding to the dis
tance of the inner surface of the corresponding 40
tongue from the center of said plate, said tongue
being adapted to engage the inner edge of said
clasp opening and to press against it, tending to
force the corresponding clip member into intimate
abutment with the other clip member, along the 45
inner edge of each of the bodies thereof.
8. In a brooch assembly, a pair of clip members,
each clip member comprising a front ornamental
body and a spring clasp pivotally mounted at the
rear thereof, and a broochmounting comprising
a plate having an opening through which said
spring clasps can be inserted to be folded over said
plate, said plate having at each end a longitudi
nally extending prong, each clip having a longi
tudinally perforated lug rearwardly extending
from its body portion, adapted to register with
and receive the prong at the corresponding side,
whereby said clip members will be correctly posi
tioned with respect to each other, said prongs be
ing in longitudinal alignment with each other.
ORESTE PENNINO.
55
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