Патент USA US2119227код для вставки
May'31, 1933- ‘ " ca. A. FLETCHER > 2,119,227 GARMENT Filed Aug. 20, 1936 M II III 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ll mlwi ' May 31,1938. s45. FLETCHER 2,119,227 - ‘GARMENT Filed Aug. 20', 1936 > , _ 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IA1GV0AW”My1% ‘ GEORGE 3 40v4653nmN. a“we 2,119,227’ ' Patented May 31, 1938 UNITED STATES. PATENT‘ OFFICE 2,119,227 GARMENT‘ George. A. Fletcher, Minneapolis, Minn.,, assignor, by mesne' assignments, to Munsingwear, Inc-., Minneapolis, Minn, a corporation. of Delaware Application August 20, 1936, Serial‘Noi 97,018" 4 Claims. ‘This invention relates'to new and‘ useful‘ im provements in garments of the character com monly known to the trade as‘ corsets, girdles, or foundation garments, usually worn for the pur pose of supporting and‘ shaping portions of the body of the wearer, and which may also serve to provide means for supporting other wearing ap parel ‘such as the stockings. An important object of the present invention 10 resides in the provision in such a garment of‘ means for anchoring the garment to the ?gure, whereby it is not likely to relatively change its position thereon, regardless of posture and body movements. A further object is to provide a garment of the .15 form ?tting type, made from an elastic yarn, such as ‘the well-known Lastex, whereby the garment is capable of stretching both vertically and hor izontally, and said garment having a panel ?tted in the front portion thereof adapted to overlie the 2 diaphragm and stomach and maintain said body portions substantially flat, regardless of the pos ture of the wearer, and which panel has its upper portions extending partially around the waist " line and having stiffening bones suitably support 2 ed therein. and adapted to ?t against the body rearwardly of and over the hips, thereby to an chor the garment to the wearer's body to prevent it from relatively shifting its position thereon. A further object is to provide a garment of the character described, having a body portion adapted to embrace the bodyv of the wearer above the hips, and extending below and above the plane of maximum girth, taken through the 3 posterior portions of the wearer’s body, and which garment is capable of stretching vertically at substantially all points in its girth excepting O. that portion which overlies the diaphragm and (Cl. 2--36-) provide a support therefor andprevent the same from protruding or bulging, and" others of‘ said bones‘ being relatively shorter‘ and being em bodied in the construction of the upper rear por tions of‘ said‘ panel, whereby-they provide‘ anchors for retaining the'garment in proper‘ position upon‘ the body; ‘regardless of posture or‘ body move ments; , Other objects reside in the unique arrangement of the bones. at the. front. and side portions- of the‘ garment, and in the simple and‘ inexpensive con struction thereof, whereby the garment may be manufactured substantially as cheaply as con ventional garments of this. generalcharact‘en Other objects of ‘the invention will appearf‘rom the following description and‘ accompanying drawings and“ will be pointed out in the annexed" claims. In the accompanying drawings there has. been‘ disclosed. a structure. designed; to carry out the various objects of‘ the invention, but it is to be understood that the invention is not con?ned" to the exact features shown as various. changes may be made within the scope of'the claims which fol‘ low. In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective View showingmy im proved garment on a ?gure; Figure 2. is a perspective view showing the rear portion of the garment in. the position worn on the ?gure;v ’ ’ ‘Figure 3 is a front View of the. garment‘ only showing the outline of the panel. embodied in. the construction of. the garment; Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view onthe line 4--4- of Figure 6,. showing thepreferred arrange mentof. thepanel and the reinforcing. bones sup ported therein; Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view on. the line V (stomach, which latter portion is capable of “ stretching horizontally only. . A further object is to provide a garment of- the class described, made of an elastic material, 5—5v of Figure 4,.showing. the upper side. portions. of the panel extending rearwardly of the axis. of whereby the major portion of the body of the ‘garment is capable of stretching both vertically Figurev 6 is a sectional. plan View substantially on; the line 6-6- of‘ Figure 4, showing the pre ferred; arrangement of the reinforcing bonesproz 45 ‘ and horizontally, and the body of said garment having a triangularly shaped panel secured to the front portion thereof whose side edges extend upwardly andloutwardly from a point adjacent to. the lower central portion of the garment, and 50 having its upper side portions extending par tially around the Waist line and terminating at points rearwardly of the sides and above the hip portions of“ the garment, and said panel having a, “plurality of- sti?ening bones therein, certain of‘ 55 whi‘clr'overlie the diaphragm and‘ stomach, to the garment body; and videdl at the upper portion of the garment. ' V The novel garment herein disclosed is. shown. comprising a form ?tting body portion, generally, indicated by the numeral. 2, preferably knit. of. an elastic yarn such as Lastex, whereby it is. capable of stretching both horizontally and vertically. A suitable panel, generally indicat‘edby the numeral‘ 3, is shown ?tted to the interior“ of the front wall‘ of the garment“ and is secured‘ thereto by rows’of' suitable stitching" Ill-4, which’ preferably" is“ of a' 2 2,119,227 zig-zag character to permit the required stretch ing of the seams 4-4 longitudinally. It is to be understood, of course, that any suitable stitching may be employed, which will permit the garment :31 to stretch in the region of its seams. The panel 3 is preferably shaped as shown in Figures 4 and 5, and has its lowermost portion 5 secured to the lower central portion of the gar ment by the stitches 4—4, and preferably the 10 stitches securing the usual binding 6 to the lower edge of the garment. The side edges of the panel 3 curve upwardly, outwardly and rearwardly, over the hips, as clearly illustrated in the draw 15 ings, whereby the panel is substantially triangu~ larly shaped, Thus by referring to Figure 5, it the garment, as best illustrated in Figure 6, and are preferably angularly disposed with re spect to the vertical, in a manner similar to the bones I4 and I6. By thus angularly arranging the bones I4, I6, and I8, as above described, they cooperate to ?rmly “grip” the wearer’s body over the hips, as will be clearly understood by refer ence to Figure 2, whereby the garment is not like ly to relatively change its position upon the body, regardless of posture and body movements. The bones preferably lie lengthwise of the gar ment and at a slight angle from the vertical, as hereinbefore stated, and are preferably loosely supported in the pockets. In place of a single bone in each pocket, as shown in the drawings, 15 two or more bones may be placed side by side in a single pocket with a suitable division between them to retain them in proper position. The bones may also be varied in length from that shown in the drawings. The upper ends of the will be noted that the upper corner portions 1 of the panel extend partially around the sides of the body and terminate rearwardly of the axis a-a of the body of the garment, as best shown in ~20 Figure 5. The upper edge of the panel 3 is suit ably secured to the upper edge of the garment bones, however, are substantially horizontally by the usual stitching, not shown, securing the usual elastic binding 8 to the upper edge of the binding 8, as clearly illustratedin the drawings. garment. The panel 3 is preferably made of woven cloth having elastic weft and non-elastic warp strands, whereby the panel is capable of stretching cross wise or horizontally of the body of the wearer, but not vertically or up and down. Other types 30 of woven fabric may also be employed, provided 25 ‘A it is stretchable in a horizontal ‘direction only. A central pocket 9 is provided in the medial plane of the panel at the front of the garment and supports a bone I0. Oppositely disposed 35 pockets II—II and I2—-I2 are provided in the panel 3 at the sides of the center bone III, and are preferably angularly disposed, as best shown in Figures 4 and 5. Suitable bones I3--I3 and I4--I4 are received in the pockets II-~II and 40 IZ-IZ, respectively, and these bones cooperate vwith the center bone III to stiffen the panel por tion of the garment which, as hereinbefore stated, overlies the diaphragm and stomach, and thus provides a support therefor, whereby said body 45 portions are maintained in substantially ?at con dition. The bones I0, I3, and I4 vary in length, as best shown in Figure 4. Additional bones I6 are supported in pockets I'I secured to the upper rearmost portions of the 50 panel, and are located rearwardly of the center line a--a of the garment, as best shown in Figure 5, whereby they are located rearwardly of and above the hip portions of the body, and thereby cooperate with the adjacent side bones I4 to se 55 curely anchor the garment to the wearer’s body, and whereby the front bones III and I3 will have a ?attening action on the body without produc ing folds or wrinkles. The bones I4 are rela tively shorter than the bones I3, and are shown 60 disposed at a slightly greater angle. In like man her, the rear side bones I6 are preferably shorter than the bones I4, as best shown in Figure 5. The bones may be incorporated into the garment 65 without fastening devices by merely inserting them in the pockets illustrated in the drawings. The pockets may be constructed in any suitable manner as, for example, by securing suitable stripping material to the panel in the usual man ner. 70 alined, or are disposed adjacent to the upper A garment constructed as herein disclosed, is capable of stretching up and down at all points in its girth except in that portion covered by the panel 3, which, as previously stated, is not adapted for vertical stretching. It may also stretch hori zontally at all points but that portion covered by the panel 3 may be more or less limited to 30 horizontal stretch, depending upon the stretch ability of the panel in a horizontal direction. In the drawings, particularly Figures 4, 5, and 6, I have shown the bone pockets 9, II, I2, and II, as being formed from stripping material _ stitched to the inner surface of the panel 3. How ever, if desired, these bone pockets may be se cured directly to the outer material or the fabric from which the body 2 of the garment is made without departing from the scope of the inven 40 tion. The arrangement and number of bones may also be varied and in some cases, certain of the bones may be omitted, if desired. In the drawings, I have illustrated the gar ment as being of the type commonly known as 45 a stepin, having no opening around its girth. It is to be understood, however, that if desired, an opening of any suitable length may be provided in the garment, extending only part way down from the top thereof, or, if desired, the opening 50 may extend the full length of the garment. When such an opening is provided in the gar ment, suitable means must, of course, be pro vided for closing the opening, when the garment is worn, as it is to be understood that the gar ment must snugly ?t the body to serve its pur 55 pose. In the drawings, I have shown the garment made from what is commonly known as a tube or circular knit fabric, but it is to be understood that it may be made from other types of knit 60 fabrics such, for example, as ?at material, in which case, its edges may be joined together by zig-zag stitching or some other suitable connect ing means which is capable of stretching verti cally. The garment is shown provided with the 65 usual garter devices ZI, secured to the lower edge or binding 6 thereof and which are adapted to be attached to the upper portions of the stockings in the usual manner, as shown in Figure 1. Additional bones I8 are shown supported in pockets I9 secured directly to the body of the garment, rearwardly of the side bones I6 se cured to the end portions ‘I of the panel 3. The bones I8 are spaced inwardly from the bones I6 75, in a direction towards the 10 center of the back of The novel garment, herein disclosed, has been 70 found vvery practical in use, and is very com fortable to the wearer. By extending the upper side portions 'I—-'I of the panel 3 around and over the hip portions of the body, as clearly illus trated in Figures Z'and 5, and further by the 75 3 2,119,227 provision of the relatively short bones l8, which shorter bones secured to the upper rearmost por are disposed in the small of the back, as best ‘illustrated in Figure 2, the garment is ?rmly an tions of said panel and ?tting against the hips chored to the intermediate portion of the body whereby it cannot readily shift its position there thereby to anchor the garment to the body to prevent it from relatively shifting thereon. on, regardless of posture or body movements. I have found that, for best results, the rear end section overlying the abdominal region of the of the side portions 'l of the panel should begin preferably at points about two inches back of the centerline of the hips, or the line a--a, shown in Figure 5, on both sides of the garment. The lower edges of the side portions 'l---'! of the panel should be in the form of convex curves, extend ing over the hips approximately to where the 15 groins begin and at these points the curves should preferably reverse to concave shape, there by to provide the narrow front portion 5, which preferably is about one and one-half inches wide at the bottom center of the garment. A panel so 20 shaped has been found to exercise the proper pressure and control of the ?attening action of the panel on the diaphragm and stomach. Also by arranging the relatively short bones I6 at the upper end portions of the panel at a slight angle to (A to the vertical, as best shown in Figure 5, said bones form sufficient anchorage to the body‘be yond the points of the hips, to ?rmly secure the garment in position upon the body, and at the same time, effecting the greatest possible control and ?attening action of the panel upon the stem ach and diaphragm. The panel 3 should preferably be made of a material comprising elastic weft strands and non clastic warp strands, whereby the panel will stretch in a horizontal direction only, and not up and down, or vertically. For best results, the panel should be so constructed that it will stretch only approximately ?fty to sixty percent of the maximum stretch of the material from which the 40 body of the garment is made. By thus limiting the stretchability of the panel with respect to the stretchability of the body of the garment, a more positive control of the shaping of that portion of the body covered by the panel, is ob 45 tained. I claim as my invention: 1. In a garment of the class described, a body portion of a suitable material capable of yielding to outward pressure, a panel secured to the front 50 of the garment and overlying the diaphragm and stomach of the wearer and having its upper side portions extending partially around the waist and terminating rearwardly of the centerline of the hips, said panel being capable of stretching 55 in one direction, stiffening bones ?tted in the front of the panel and acting to maintain the stomach substantially ?at, and other relatively at the front and rear of the median plane thereof, 2. A foundation garment comprising a front body, said section extending upwardly from the lower central portion of the garment with its side edges ?aring outwardly, and the upper side por 10 tions of said section passing around the sides of the body and terminating rearwardly of the me dian plane of the garment, and bones secured in the upper side portions of said front section rearwardly of the median plane of the garment and arranged to ?t against the body of the wearer at opposite sides thereof and rearwardly of the hips, thereby to anchor the garment to the body of the wearer to prevent it from relatively shift ing its position thereon. 3. A foundation garment comprising a front section overlying the abdominal region of the body, said section extending upwardly from the lower central portion of the garment with its side edges ?aring outwardly, the upper side portions ' of said section passing around the sides of the body and terminating rearwardly of the median plane of the garment, bones secured in the upper side portions of said front section rearwardly of the median plane of the garment and arranged to ?t against the body of the wearer at opposite sides thereof and rearwardly of the hips, and other bones secured in the side portions of said section forwardly of the hips and cooperating with said rearwardly disposed bones to anchor the garment to the body of the wearer over the hips. 4. A foundation garment comprising a front section overlying the abdominal region of the body, said section extending upwardly from the 40 lower central portion of the garment with its side edges ?aring outwardly, the upper side portions of said section passing around the sides of the body at an elevation above the hips and termi nating rearwardly of the median plane of the garment, relatively short bones secured in the upper side portions of the garment rearwardly of the median plane thereof and ?tting against the body of the wearer at opposite sides thereof rear wardly of and adjacent to the hips, and other bones secured in the side portions of said section forwardly of the hips and cooperating with said rearwardly disposed bones to anchor the garment to the body of the wearer over the hips, said bones being disposed at an angle to the vertical 55 with their lower ends directed forwardly. GEORGE A. FLETCHER.