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Патент USA US2119227

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May'31, 1933-
‘
"
ca. A. FLETCHER
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2,119,227
GARMENT
Filed Aug. 20, 1936
M
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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' May 31,1938.
s45. FLETCHER
2,119,227 -
‘GARMENT
Filed Aug. 20',
1936 > ,
_
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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‘ GEORGE
3
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2,119,227’
' Patented May 31, 1938
UNITED STATES.
PATENT‘ OFFICE
2,119,227
GARMENT‘
George. A. Fletcher, Minneapolis, Minn.,, assignor,
by mesne' assignments, to Munsingwear, Inc-.,
Minneapolis, Minn, a corporation. of Delaware
Application August 20, 1936, Serial‘Noi 97,018"
4 Claims.
‘This invention relates'to new and‘ useful‘ im
provements in garments of the character com
monly known to the trade as‘ corsets, girdles, or
foundation garments, usually worn for the pur
pose of supporting and‘ shaping portions of the
body of the wearer, and which may also serve to
provide means for supporting other wearing ap
parel ‘such as the stockings.
An important object of the present invention
10 resides in the provision in such a garment of‘
means for anchoring the garment to the ?gure,
whereby it is not likely to relatively change its
position thereon, regardless of posture and body
movements.
A further object is to provide a garment of the
.15
form ?tting type, made from an elastic yarn, such
as ‘the well-known Lastex, whereby the garment
is capable of stretching both vertically and hor
izontally, and said garment having a panel ?tted
in the front portion thereof adapted to overlie the
2 diaphragm and stomach and maintain said body
portions substantially flat, regardless of the pos
ture of the wearer, and which panel has its upper
portions extending partially around the waist
" line and having stiffening bones suitably support
2
ed therein. and adapted to ?t against the body
rearwardly of and over the hips, thereby to an
chor the garment to the wearer's body to prevent
it from relatively shifting its position thereon.
A further object is to provide a garment of the
character described, having a body portion
adapted to embrace the bodyv of the wearer above
the hips, and extending below and above the
plane of maximum girth, taken through the
3 posterior portions of the wearer’s body, and
which garment is capable of stretching vertically
at substantially all points in its girth excepting
O.
that portion which overlies the diaphragm and
(Cl. 2--36-)
provide a support therefor andprevent the same
from protruding or bulging, and" others of‘ said
bones‘ being relatively shorter‘ and being em
bodied in the construction of the upper rear por
tions of‘ said‘ panel, whereby-they provide‘ anchors
for retaining the'garment in proper‘ position upon‘
the body; ‘regardless of posture or‘ body move
ments;
,
Other objects reside in the unique arrangement
of the bones. at the. front. and side portions- of the‘
garment, and in the simple and‘ inexpensive con
struction thereof, whereby the garment may be
manufactured substantially as cheaply as con
ventional garments of this. generalcharact‘en
Other objects of ‘the invention will appearf‘rom
the following description and‘ accompanying
drawings and“ will be pointed out in the annexed"
claims.
In the accompanying drawings there has. been‘
disclosed. a structure. designed; to carry out the
various objects of‘ the invention, but it is to be
understood that the invention is not con?ned" to
the exact features shown as various. changes may
be made within the scope of'the claims which fol‘
low.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective View showingmy im
proved garment on a ?gure;
Figure 2. is a perspective view showing the rear
portion of the garment in. the position worn on
the ?gure;v
’
’
‘Figure 3 is a front View of the. garment‘ only
showing the outline of the panel. embodied in. the
construction of. the garment;
Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view onthe line
4--4- of Figure 6,. showing thepreferred arrange
mentof. thepanel and the reinforcing. bones sup
ported therein;
Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view on. the line
V (stomach, which latter portion is capable of
“ stretching horizontally only.
. A further object is to provide a garment of- the
class described, made of an elastic material,
5—5v of Figure 4,.showing. the upper side. portions.
of the panel extending rearwardly of the axis. of
whereby the major portion of the body of the
‘garment is capable of stretching both vertically
Figurev 6 is a sectional. plan View substantially
on; the line 6-6- of‘ Figure 4, showing the pre
ferred; arrangement of the reinforcing bonesproz
45 ‘
and horizontally, and the body of said garment
having a triangularly shaped panel secured to
the front portion thereof whose side edges extend
upwardly andloutwardly from a point adjacent
to. the lower central portion of the garment, and
50 having its upper side portions extending par
tially around the Waist line and terminating at
points rearwardly of the sides and above the hip
portions of“ the garment, and said panel having a,
“plurality of- sti?ening bones therein, certain of‘
55 whi‘clr'overlie the diaphragm and‘ stomach, to
the garment body; and
videdl at the upper portion of the garment.
'
V
The novel garment herein disclosed is. shown.
comprising a form ?tting body portion, generally,
indicated by the numeral. 2, preferably knit. of. an
elastic yarn such as Lastex, whereby it is. capable
of stretching both horizontally and vertically. A
suitable panel, generally indicat‘edby the numeral‘
3, is shown ?tted to the interior“ of the front wall‘
of the garment“ and is secured‘ thereto by rows’of'
suitable stitching" Ill-4, which’ preferably" is“ of a'
2
2,119,227
zig-zag character to permit the required stretch
ing of the seams 4-4 longitudinally. It is to be
understood, of course, that any suitable stitching
may be employed, which will permit the garment
:31 to stretch in the region of its seams.
The panel 3 is preferably shaped as shown in
Figures 4 and 5, and has its lowermost portion 5
secured to the lower central portion of the gar
ment by the stitches 4—4, and preferably the
10 stitches securing the usual binding 6 to the lower
edge of the garment. The side edges of the panel
3 curve upwardly, outwardly and rearwardly,
over the hips, as clearly illustrated in the draw
15
ings, whereby the panel is substantially triangu~
larly shaped, Thus by referring to Figure 5, it
the garment, as best illustrated in Figure 6,
and are preferably angularly disposed with re
spect to the vertical, in a manner similar to the
bones I4 and I6. By thus angularly arranging
the bones I4, I6, and I8, as above described, they
cooperate to ?rmly “grip” the wearer’s body over
the hips, as will be clearly understood by refer
ence to Figure 2, whereby the garment is not like
ly to relatively change its position upon the body,
regardless of posture and body movements.
The bones preferably lie lengthwise of the gar
ment and at a slight angle from the vertical, as
hereinbefore stated, and are preferably loosely
supported in the pockets. In place of a single
bone in each pocket, as shown in the drawings, 15
two or more bones may be placed side by side in
a single pocket with a suitable division between
them to retain them in proper position. The
bones may also be varied in length from that
shown in the drawings. The upper ends of the
will be noted that the upper corner portions 1
of the panel extend partially around the sides of
the body and terminate rearwardly of the axis
a-a of the body of the garment, as best shown in
~20 Figure 5. The upper edge of the panel 3 is suit
ably secured to the upper edge of the garment
bones, however, are substantially horizontally
by the usual stitching, not shown, securing the
usual elastic binding 8 to the upper edge of the
binding 8, as clearly illustratedin the drawings.
garment.
The panel 3 is preferably made of woven cloth
having elastic weft and non-elastic warp strands,
whereby the panel is capable of stretching cross
wise or horizontally of the body of the wearer,
but not vertically or up and down. Other types
30 of woven fabric may also be employed, provided
25
‘A it is stretchable in a horizontal ‘direction only.
A central pocket 9 is provided in the medial
plane of the panel at the front of the garment
and supports a bone I0. Oppositely disposed
35 pockets II—II and I2—-I2 are provided in the
panel 3 at the sides of the center bone III, and
are preferably angularly disposed, as best shown
in Figures 4 and 5. Suitable bones I3--I3 and
I4--I4 are received in the pockets II-~II and
40 IZ-IZ, respectively, and these bones cooperate
vwith the center bone III to stiffen the panel por
tion of the garment which, as hereinbefore stated,
overlies the diaphragm and stomach, and thus
provides a support therefor, whereby said body
45 portions are maintained in substantially ?at con
dition. The bones I0, I3, and I4 vary in length, as
best shown in Figure 4.
Additional bones I6 are supported in pockets I'I
secured to the upper rearmost portions of the
50 panel, and are located rearwardly of the center
line a--a of the garment, as best shown in Figure
5, whereby they are located rearwardly of and
above the hip portions of the body, and thereby
cooperate with the adjacent side bones I4 to se
55 curely anchor the garment to the wearer’s body,
and whereby the front bones III and I3 will have
a ?attening action on the body without produc
ing folds or wrinkles. The bones I4 are rela
tively shorter than the bones I3, and are shown
60 disposed at a slightly greater angle. In like man
her, the rear side bones I6 are preferably shorter
than the bones I4, as best shown in Figure 5.
The bones may be incorporated into the garment
65
without fastening devices by merely inserting
them in the pockets illustrated in the drawings.
The pockets may be constructed in any suitable
manner as, for example, by securing suitable
stripping material to the panel in the usual man
ner.
70
alined, or are disposed adjacent to the upper
A garment constructed as herein disclosed, is
capable of stretching up and down at all points
in its girth except in that portion covered by the
panel 3, which, as previously stated, is not adapted
for vertical stretching. It may also stretch hori
zontally at all points but that portion covered
by the panel 3 may be more or less limited to 30
horizontal stretch, depending upon the stretch
ability of the panel in a horizontal direction.
In the drawings, particularly Figures 4, 5, and
6, I have shown the bone pockets 9, II, I2, and
II, as being formed from stripping material _
stitched to the inner surface of the panel 3. How
ever, if desired, these bone pockets may be se
cured directly to the outer material or the fabric
from which the body 2 of the garment is made
without departing from the scope of the inven 40
tion. The arrangement and number of bones
may also be varied and in some cases, certain of
the bones may be omitted, if desired.
In the drawings, I have illustrated the gar
ment as being of the type commonly known as 45
a stepin, having no opening around its girth. It
is to be understood, however, that if desired, an
opening of any suitable length may be provided
in the garment, extending only part way down
from the top thereof, or, if desired, the opening 50
may extend the full length of the garment.
When such an opening is provided in the gar
ment, suitable means must, of course, be pro
vided for closing the opening, when the garment
is worn, as it is to be understood that the gar
ment must snugly ?t the body to serve its pur
55
pose. In the drawings, I have shown the garment
made from what is commonly known as a tube or
circular knit fabric, but it is to be understood
that it may be made from other types of knit 60
fabrics such, for example, as ?at material, in
which case, its edges may be joined together by
zig-zag stitching or some other suitable connect
ing means which is capable of stretching verti
cally. The garment is shown provided with the 65
usual garter devices ZI, secured to the lower edge
or binding 6 thereof and which are adapted to be
attached to the upper portions of the stockings
in the usual manner, as shown in Figure 1.
Additional bones I8 are shown supported in
pockets I9 secured directly to the body of the
garment, rearwardly of the side bones I6 se
cured to the end portions ‘I of the panel 3. The
bones I8 are spaced inwardly from the bones I6
75, in a direction towards the
10
center of the back of
The novel garment, herein disclosed, has been 70
found vvery practical in use, and is very com
fortable to the wearer. By extending the upper
side portions 'I—-'I of the panel 3 around and over
the hip portions of the body, as clearly illus
trated in Figures Z'and 5, and further by the 75
3
2,119,227
provision of the relatively short bones l8, which
shorter bones secured to the upper rearmost por
are disposed in the small of the back, as best
‘illustrated in Figure 2, the garment is ?rmly an
tions of said panel and ?tting against the hips
chored to the intermediate portion of the body
whereby it cannot readily shift its position there
thereby to anchor the garment to the body to
prevent it from relatively shifting thereon.
on, regardless of posture or body movements.
I have found that, for best results, the rear end
section overlying the abdominal region of the
of the side portions 'l of the panel should begin
preferably at points about two inches back of the
centerline of the hips, or the line a--a, shown in
Figure 5, on both sides of the garment. The
lower edges of the side portions 'l---'! of the panel
should be in the form of convex curves, extend
ing over the hips approximately to where the
15 groins begin and at these points the curves
should preferably reverse to concave shape, there
by to provide the narrow front portion 5, which
preferably is about one and one-half inches wide
at the bottom center of the garment. A panel so
20 shaped has been found to exercise the proper
pressure and control of the ?attening action of
the panel on the diaphragm and stomach. Also
by arranging the relatively short bones I6 at the
upper end portions of the panel at a slight angle
to (A to the vertical, as best shown in Figure 5, said
bones form sufficient anchorage to the body‘be
yond the points of the hips, to ?rmly secure the
garment in position upon the body, and at the
same time, effecting the greatest possible control
and ?attening action of the panel upon the stem
ach and diaphragm.
The panel 3 should preferably be made of a
material comprising elastic weft strands and non
clastic warp strands, whereby the panel will
stretch in a horizontal direction only, and not
up and down, or vertically. For best results, the
panel should be so constructed that it will stretch
only approximately ?fty to sixty percent of the
maximum stretch of the material from which the
40 body of the garment is made.
By thus limiting
the stretchability of the panel with respect to
the stretchability of the body of the garment,
a more positive control of the shaping of that
portion of the body covered by the panel, is ob
45 tained.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a garment of the class described, a body
portion of a suitable material capable of yielding
to outward pressure, a panel secured to the front
50 of the garment and overlying the diaphragm and
stomach of the wearer and having its upper side
portions extending partially around the waist
and terminating rearwardly of the centerline of
the hips, said panel being capable of stretching
55 in one direction, stiffening bones ?tted in the
front of the panel and acting to maintain the
stomach substantially ?at, and other relatively
at the front and rear of the median plane thereof,
2. A foundation garment comprising a front
body, said section extending upwardly from the
lower central portion of the garment with its side
edges ?aring outwardly, and the upper side por 10
tions of said section passing around the sides of
the body and terminating rearwardly of the me
dian plane of the garment, and bones secured in
the upper side portions of said front section
rearwardly of the median plane of the garment
and arranged to ?t against the body of the wearer
at opposite sides thereof and rearwardly of the
hips, thereby to anchor the garment to the body
of the wearer to prevent it from relatively shift
ing its position thereon.
3. A foundation garment comprising a front
section overlying the abdominal region of the
body, said section extending upwardly from the
lower central portion of the garment with its side
edges ?aring outwardly, the upper side portions '
of said section passing around the sides of the
body and terminating rearwardly of the median
plane of the garment, bones secured in the upper
side portions of said front section rearwardly of
the median plane of the garment and arranged to
?t against the body of the wearer at opposite
sides thereof and rearwardly of the hips, and
other bones secured in the side portions of said
section forwardly of the hips and cooperating
with said rearwardly disposed bones to anchor
the garment to the body of the wearer over the
hips.
4. A foundation garment comprising a front
section overlying the abdominal region of the
body, said section extending upwardly from the 40
lower central portion of the garment with its side
edges ?aring outwardly, the upper side portions
of said section passing around the sides of the
body at an elevation above the hips and termi
nating rearwardly of the median plane of the
garment, relatively short bones secured in the
upper side portions of the garment rearwardly of
the median plane thereof and ?tting against the
body of the wearer at opposite sides thereof rear
wardly of and adjacent to the hips, and other
bones secured in the side portions of said section
forwardly of the hips and cooperating with said
rearwardly disposed bones to anchor the garment
to the body of the wearer over the hips, said
bones being disposed at an angle to the vertical 55
with their lower ends directed forwardly.
GEORGE A. FLETCHER.
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