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Патент USA US2119246

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May 31, 1938.
2,119,246
P. SCHULTZE
HAT FLANGING IRON
Filed Oct’. 1, 1957
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May 31, 1933‘
2,119,246
P. SCHULTZE
HAT FL'ANGING IRON
Filed Oct. 1, 1957
_2 Sheets-Sheet 2
mg? 5;.
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N INVENTOR.
,Paué Sc/zulize
BY
A TTORNEY.
Patented May 31, 1938
2,1 19,245
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
2,119,246
HAT FLANGING IRON
Paul S'chultze, Danbury, C‘onn-., assignor to Doran
Bros., Inc., Danbury, C‘onn., a corporation of
Connecticut
Application October 1, 1937, Serial No. 166,759
13 Claims. (01. 223-211)
. This invention belongs to the class of hat brim rent so that the proper air temperature may be
?anging or ironing machines and refers more
particularly to ,an improved form of‘ iron em
ployed to travel over the surface of the hat brim
for the purpose of smoothing and shaping the
same.
provided.
‘_
_
‘
The invention accordingly consists in the fea
tures of construction hereinafter set forth includ
ing combinations ‘of elements and arrangements. 5
of parts as; will be described in the following
The invention. particularly applies to the mem
ber, in this type of ?anging machine, known as
speci?cation and ‘ shown in the accompanying
an iron
tion of
also. an
well as
claims to follow.
and comprises not only a novel construc
iron for operating on the hat brim, but
associated means for heating the iron as
to provide a‘ warm stream of air on the
surface of the hat, ‘being ‘operated upon and
15 whereby the latter‘becomes somewhat dried out
during the operation of ironing and shaping the
brim to the block upon ‘which it is mounted, and
whereby the shape and style of the hat brim is
determined.
The invention is particularly‘ adaptable and, in
fact, has been applied to the type of hat‘b'rim
?angi'ng machine shown and described in my co‘
pcnding patent application ?led December 3, 1936,
Ser. No. 117,310. This prior application has to do
moreparticularly with the general construction
of the machine and as shown‘ employs a‘ com
mercial type of iron for ironing the hat brim. ‘In
this machine the iron issupported' upon an au-‘
drawings forming a part of this speci?cation and
as will be more‘ particularly indicated in the
‘
‘
10
In the accompanying drawings is shown a
practical ‘embodiment of ‘my present invention
such as is adapted‘ for use in various types of hat
hanging machines.
‘
‘Fig, l'i shows‘ a‘ top‘ plan‘ view of my‘ improved
hanging iron including its heating“ element and
the arm forsupp‘orting the‘ iron, said’ iron being
in position‘uf‘o‘r the beginning of a hanging op
eration on the‘ underbrim portion‘ of a hat.
‘
Fig; 2vshows‘ _a detached side elevation of my
improved iron, together ‘with its heating element,
andba portion of‘ the supporting‘ arm shown in
Fig. 1.
‘
'
‘
Fig. 3 shows a bottom plan‘ view of the iron‘
Fig. 4 shows a‘ central vertical longitudinal‘ sec
tidnafview‘taken on line 4-4‘ of Fig‘. 1', better‘ to
tomatically controlled operating arfn that serves illustrate the internal‘ construction of" the iron
to guide the iron across the under brim portion inclllding‘the' heating elem‘ent and associated fe'a
of the hat and to automatically disengage it from‘ . tures' of a hanging‘ machine and its‘ iron sup 30
the hat at the completion of an operation.
porting arm.
I have, therefore, illustrated my present in
Fig. 5 shows a sectional elevation, as seen from
vention, as applied to‘the automatically'controlled
the righti'of‘ Fig‘. 45, of a part of a hat supporting
operating arm as illustrated in the said prior ap
plication, and in this‘ connection will necessarily
bl‘o‘ck, a hat, a. cloth covering ‘the same and‘ my
improved iron, in a starting position, for operat
refer to and describe sov much of the machine and
ing on the" under brim portion of a hat when
its iron. carrying arm as‘ may be necessary to con
vey a clear understanding of the application of
the present invention.
The iron of the present application isvformed‘
mounted upon the block‘.
in part of a pair of co-acting plates'hingedly sup
brim, and
'
Fig. 6 shows a somewhat similar‘view‘, though
illustrating" the' iron in an advanced‘ position, op‘
er‘ating upon the under-curled portion of' the 40+
l
'
Fig. 7 shows‘ another somewhat similar view‘ 11
ported and connected ‘so as vto conform to the
rolled surface of the under side of a hat brim
during the hanging operation, better to prevent
any possible marking of the surface of the brim
lustrating a‘p'ortionj of the lathe, hat block, hat
and cloth covering the latter, together with the
iron‘ in its ?nishing p'ositi'on,‘ preparatory to being
as may occur with a one piece iron.
thrownoii from the hat.
'
‘ ‘
'
In flari‘gi‘n‘g machines of ‘the present type
The electrical’ heating means forminga part of,
wherein
the hat body and the‘ ironing element‘
this invention, as shown in thedrawings, is close
are designed to move‘ with respect to each‘other,
ly associated with the iron and serves to heat
the volume of air that is fed through the heating
element and thence against and past the ironing
members‘ and ?nally disposed against the surface
of the hat. The heating element is‘ provided with
55 automatic‘ means“ for. controlling the electric cur-4..
35'
a lathe“ is“ usually employed, upon which to mount
the hat block and hat as will be seen from my
design of machine shown in the aforesaid co-v
pending application and- in fact other commer
cially known ?anging‘llmachines. While I‘ have
not'dveemed it necessary forthe disclosure of my,
45
2
2,119,246 .
iron, in this application to illustrate a complete
lathe, yet in order to convey a clear understand
ing of the purposes and advantages of my im
which it is mounted and it at the same time
forms a stop to limit the rocking movement of
the iron with respect to the arm Hi and its
proved iron, I have shown a part of a lathe struc
The heating unit 30, see Fig. 4, comprises an. 01
inner tube 4| with which the beforementioned
short pipe 40 is connected. This tube 4| is lined
with insulating material 42 in which the coil of‘
resistance wire 43 is supported. One end of the
ture, in Figs. 5, 6 and 7, which I have designated
as Hi, the same being a holder which, in practice,
is formed of metal and may be supported directly
upon the lathe spindle, not shown. This holder
is provided with one or more screws 20 having
vertically projected pin-like ends that project
above the annular flat top surface of the holder
upon which a hat block 2| is positioned, the hat
block being provided with holes 22 to receive the
pins and whereby the block is properly supported
15 and its rotary movement with the holder and
lathe spindle is assured.
In the drawings, 23 indicates the hat body
which is shown in an inverted position in Fig. l,
the smoothing iron l8 being positioned upon the
20 under side of the brim preparatory to its move
ment, in theqdirection of arrow, across the oval
under surface of the brim. In Figs. 5, 6 and '1
where a cross section of a portion of the hat body
is shown, 24 obviously represents the inner band
portion of the hat body whereas 25 indicates the
curled brim portion lying close to the curling sur
face of the block to which the brim of the hat is
made to conform. In practice, for the purpose of
a flanging operation the under surface of a hat
body is covered with a wet cloth, herein desig
nated as 26, which is snugly stretched over the
hat and secured to the block by means of a cord
which in the drawings is designated as 21 which
insures the holding of the hat brim down upon
35 the block during the flanging operation and al
lows the quick removal of the cloth when the brim
has been ?anged. From this disclosure, it will
be obviously apparent that the heated smoothing
plates of the iron engage the damp cloth, and not
40 the hat brim proper, thereby performing an op
eration similar to that used by tailors and others
in the pressing of garments.
Referring again to the arm l6, see Figs. 1, 2
and 4, it will be seen that it is in part bifurcated
45 having intervening bridge members 28 that form
the supports for the switch mechanisms 29 as
well as the air heater 30, mounted above the
switch. The ironing element l8, which includes
a pair of hingedly mounted steel plates 3| and
50 32, is carried by the arm l6 through the medium
of a hollow shaft 33 rockably mounted in the
before-mentioned bridges 28 of the arm IS.
The iron l8, as will be seen, is made up of an
inner shell 34 having an air intake passage 35
55 leading into an enlarged portion 36, that houses
the ironing plates 3| and 32 and which are
hingedly mounted on shafts 31 secured in the
lower part of the inner shell 34. One end portion
of these plates are provided with segments 38
60 that engage each other to insure rocking of the
one, with the rocking movement of the other,
thereby causing the two plates to rock in unison
with each other, better to conform to the sur
faces of the hat brim, while the iron is being
65 moved over the hat brim in its ?anging operation.
The plate 3| of the iron, as will be seen from
Figs. 3,5, 6 and 'I, is slightly wider than the as
sociated member 32’so that the said wide plate
can better perform a ?nishing ?anging movement
70 across the under ?at face of the brim, see Fig. 5.
The upper portion 39 of the passage 35 where
it receives the end portion of the short pipe 40
securedin the heating unit is relatively wide so
as to.permit of a rocking movement of the iron
together with the hollow rockable shaft 33 uPOn
attached heating unit.
coil, as will be seen, is connected'with a bind- .
ing post 44 while the other end is similarly con
nected to the post 45, said post being mounted
in the outer cylindrical casing 46, and the inter
mediate shell 41, thus providing means for sup
plying electric current from any suitable source.
The heating element is preferably in the form
of a coil 43 which snugly ?ts into the insulative
lining 42 of the tube and forms an elongated
passage through which the air passes to be heat
ed on its travel to the ironing plates, see arrows.
This heating element and its insulation are con
tained within the tube 4| supported within and
in spaced relation to the shell 41 which latter
is likewise contained within and in spaced rela
tion to the casing 46. The inner end of the tube‘ 25
4| is provided with an opening 48 through which
the air enters the heating chamber and the op
posite end of the intermediate shell 41 is also
open, forming an air passage, see arrows, from
the supply pipe 49 as between the members 46 30
and 41 ‘thence between the members 41 and 4|"
through the opening 48 to- the heating chamber
from whence it passes through the short pipe
40 into the'passage of the iron. This construc-v
tion obviously'forms preliminary heating pas 353
sages through which the air is conducted to the
heating unit preparatory to its being heated
and forced on through the heated iron in a way
to ‘heat the plates and dry off the surface of the
hat as the iron is carried across it.
The air sup- l
ply pipe 49 may obviously be connected to any
suitable source of air supply as for instance a
fan, not shown, which in practice would be
mounted upon and form a part of the flanging
machine on which the iron is used.
The iron which has been generally designated
as I8" is made up of three principal metal parts, an
inner member 34, in which the passages 35 and
36 are formed and the two outer metal cover
ing shells 50 and 5|. The space between these i‘
two shells,'see Fig. 4, is ?lled with suitable in
sulating material 52 to retain the heat of the
air passing through the iron and likewise leav
ing the outer surface of the iron relatively cool,
better to permit of handling the same as ocoa- .1.‘
sion may require. These outer shells as will
be seen are secured in position in a way to close
ly.contact the insulation against the inner shell
member and are secured together in position
by screws 53.
I
(ii)
As before stated, I have provided an auto
matic temperature control within the iron with
connection with the switch 29 for cutting in and
out the electric current to the heat element,
which will best be understood from Fig. 4 of the ."
drawings. This, as will be noted, is contained,
in part, within ‘the before-mentioned hollow
rockable, shaft 33 that extends into and supports
the iron. A push rod 54 is slidably mounted in
this hollow-shaft, with its front end projecting slightly within the iron in the path of movement
of a diaphragm 55 mounted within the head and
adapted to be ?exed by the temperature within
the iron in a manner to engage and disengage
said contacting rod with the raising and lower
75
2,119,246
ing of the temperature within the iron.~, The
other end of the tube is in alignment to engage
a ‘contacting member of a switch .56 whereby
the electric current provided for the heating ele-.
ment and through the beforementioned binding
posts are controlled.‘ The current obviously may
be provided from any convenient source and con
nected with the iron as may be required.
Having thus described my invention, what I
10 claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, the
combination with an arm‘ for supporting an
iron, of a rockable support carried thereby, an
iron carried on said rockable support and hav
ing an air duct passing therethrough, ironing
plates mounted in the mouth of the air duct,
an electric heating unit carried on the arm and
connected with the air duct, and an air supply
pipe connected with the heating unit for passing
air thereto and through the iron.
2. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, the
combination with an operatable arm for support
ing an iron, of a rockable support carried there
by, an iron carried ‘on said rockable support and
having an air duct passing through the iron,
hingedly connected ironing plates pivotally
3
with the air duct, the said heating element in
cluding a series of elongated tubular sections, one
within the other, and including an outer fair in
take, an intermediate air ‘warming passage, an
inner section and aheating unit within the inner
section, and an outlet from the heating unit lead- .
ing to the hot'air passage in the’ iron. ,.
»
7. In a hat flanging machine of the class de
scribed, the combination with a vertically rotat
able lathe for supporting a hat block, of a
hingedly supported arm, an iron carried by said
arm, means for operating the arm to move the
iron radially with respect to the axis of the lathe,
the said iron including’ an air passage there
15
through, a heating element associated therewith
to warm the current of air through the iron, an
ironing plate pivotally mounted in the mouth of
the warm air passage to engage and operate upon
n)
the surface of a hat.
8. In an iron of the class described, the com
bination of an operating arm for supporting an
iron, an iron rockably supported with respect to‘
the arm and having an air passage therethrough,
a heating unit carried by the arm formed of cy
lindrical sections including an outer intake sec
mounted in the mouth of the air duct, an elec—
tric heating unit carried by the ironing arm and
connected with the air duct, an air supply pipe ‘ tion, an intermediate warming passage and an inconnected with the heating unit for passing air ner tubular passage, an electric heating unit with
thereto and through the duct of the iron and in in the last mentioned member through which the
air passes to be heated, and a pair of hingedly
a manner to heat the plates.
3. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, the connected ironing plates pivotally mounted in the
iron in the path of travel of the air therethrough.
combination with an operatable arm for support
9. In an iron for hat flanging machines, the
ing an iron, of a rockable support carried there
combination of an arm for supporting an iron,
by, an iron carried on said rockable support and
having an air duct extending through the iron, an iron carried by said arm, a heating unit car
ironing plates mounted in the mouth of the air ried by the arm and having an air passage con
nected with the iron, an air supply connected
duct, an electric heating unit carried by the iron
ing arm and connected with the air duct, an air with the heating unit for supplying air thereto
supply pipe connected with the heating unit for and through the iron, said iron including an inner
passing air thereto and through the iron, hingedly member having an air vpassage therethrough,
connected ironing plates pivotally mounted in the ironing plates mounted in the outlet of the air
mouth of the air duct, and temperature control passage, a ?lling of insulation surrounding the
said inner shell and an outer covering enclosing
means within the air duct for regulating the tem
the said insulating means.
:15 perature of the heated air.
10. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, the
4:. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, the
combination of an arm for supporting an iron, an
combination with an operatable arm for support
ing an iron, of a rockable support carried thereby, iron rockably supported with respect to the arm
an iron secured on said rockable support having and having an air passage therethrough, means
an air duct passing therethrough, ironing plates
pivotally mounted in the mouth of the air duct,
an electric heating unit carried by the ironing
arm and connected with the air duct, an air sup
ply pipe connected with the heating unit for
‘ passing air thereto and through the iron, the said
iron comprising an inner shell in which the warm
air duct is formed, an outer shell and a ?lling of
insulating material between the two shells.
(E i
5. In an iron for ?anging machines, the com
bination with an operatable arm for supporting
an iron, of a rockable support carried thereby, an
iron secured on said rockable support having an’
air duct passing therethrough, an ironing plate
mounted in the mouth of the air duct, an electric
G5
heating unit carried by the ironing arm having
an air duct connected with the duct of the iron,
the said heating element being ?xedly supported
with respect to the rockable ironing arm.
6. In an iron for flanging machines, the com
bination with an operatable arm for supporting
an iron, of a rockable support carried thereby, an
iron secured on said rockable support, an air duct
passing through the iron, ironing plates mounted
in the mouth of the air duct, an electric heating
unit carried by the ironing arm and connected
10
'
>
as
40
‘
for limiting said rocking movement, a heating
unit carried by the arm and having an air pas
.50
sage connected with that of the iron, means for
supplying a ?ow of air to the heating unit and
through the iron, a pair of hingedly connected
ironing plates mounted in the mouth of the air
passage through the iron to permit the same to
better conform to the surface of a hat on which
the iron is operating.
11. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, a
supporting arm and an electric heating unit car
ried thereby, an iron rockably supported on said (ii)
arm, means for providing a current of air through
the heating unit to the iron, a temperature con
trol means within the iron to regulate the tem
perature of the air supplied to the iron.
12. In an iron for hat ?anging machines, a 65
supporting arm, an electric heating unit carried
thereby, an iron rockably supported on said arm
and having an air passage therethrough, means
for providing a current of air to and through the
heating unit and iron, pivotally mounted ironing
plates positioned in the mouth of the air passage
to be heated by the warm air ?owing there
through, a temperature control means within the
arm to regulate the temperature of the air to the
iron.
4
2,119,246
13. In an iron for hat ?anging machines the
combination with a supporting arm, of an iron
larger than the other, an electric heating unit
carried by the support and having an air‘ passage
air duct connecting the iron, the intake end of the
air duct of the iron being larger than the warm
air pipe from the heater.
PAUL SCI-IULTZE.
extending therethrough, ironing plates pivotally
CR
mounted in the mouth of said air intake and
rockably connected to each other better to con
form to the hat brim, one of the said plates being
carried by the ironing arm and having a warm
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