Патент USA US2119308код для вставки
May 31, 1938.- F_'M„ ASHLEY I y ' 2,119,308 INKsTAND Filed Sept. 16, 1936 1 .,’ 0 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 lun INVENTOR. May 31,' 1938. 2,119,308 F. M. ASHLEY INKS TAND Filed Sept. 16, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ` `~ ~ `\ ~ \ \~ ~ 1N VENTOR. l Patented May 31, 1938 2,119,308 UNITED STABS PATENT OFFICE 2,119,308 rNKsTnND Frank M. ifisllley, Great Kills, N. Y., assigner to Lewis Gompers, Trustee, New York, N. Y. Application September 16, 1936, Serial No. 100,966 8 Claims. lVIy invention relates to inkstands. The object of my invention is to provide an inlrstand construction comprising a main reser voir for ink and an ink-cup which is ñlled by ink 5 supplied from theV main reservoir, and which embodies means í‘or raising the ink by causing a partial vacuum to be created above the ink cup and submitting the normal atmospheric pres sure to act above the surface of the ink in the 10 main reservoir to force ink therein to a higher level where it may overflow into said ink-cup, or be maintained at a higher level by suitable means. A further object is to provide an inkstand with a dip opening formed to support a pen-holder therein with a pen carried thereby extending in to the ink, the pen-holder serving to close the dip when resting therein. A further object is to provide an inkstand 20 which may be made of glass or plastic materials that will not deteriorate and so formed that no air-tight joints are required in its construc tion and in which the cost of the materials and time required to assemble the parts are both re 25 duced to a minimum. Further objects and features of construction will be hereinafter fully set forth. ` Referring to the drawings which form a part of this speciiication: 30 Fig. l is a plan View of an inkstand which dis closes a preferred form of outline, and Fig. 2 is an elevational sectional View on line 2-2 of Fig. i, showing the cover and depending cylindrical portion resting in their normal posi 35 tion thereon. Fig. 3 is the same view as that of Fig. 2, ex cept that the cover portion has been removed and ‘the central cylindrical portion in which the ink-cup is formed, is shown to be formed sepa 40 rate from the body portion whereas in Fig. 2, it is shown to be integral with the body portion. Fig, 4 is a vertical sectional view showing the central cylindrical portion, hereinafter referred (Cl. 1Z0-61) Fig. 7 is a similar View showing the side of the cup portion as iiattened to provide a passage for ink, instead of a round hole formed in the said portion, as shown in Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional View of another form of construction in which an outer cylinder is used to support the cup portion, and Fig. 9 is a view of the bottom of said outer cyl inder showing passages for ink formed therein, said cylinder and cup portion being formed inte gral at their lower ends. Fig. 10 is a vertical sectional view disclosing another way of securing the cup portion to the base of the body portion. Fig, 11 is a vertical sectional View disclosing a jar in which is located a cup portion and sleeve portion which cooperate to raise ink in the same manner as disclosed in Fig. 10 but instead of the upper end being formed to support a pen-holder, a cork is used which extends laterally over the 20 entire upper end of the sleeve, said cork being removed to allow a fountain pen to be filled from the ink-cup. Fig. 12 is a plan View oi the jar shown in Fig. Y 11. 25 Fig. 13 is a vertical sectional view in which the top end of the cup portion is shown to be located above the inner top side of the reservoir, and its bottom end secured to the body portion of the Well by cement or other suitable’means. 30 By referring to Fig. 1l, the principle of oper ation will be readily understood, and in so far as I am aware, is new in its application to an ink stand. With ink in the jar constituting the reservoir, 35 and the cork fitting in tight relation into the upper end of the sleeve, by raising the sleeve the air is rariñed in the ink-cup and space above the same, causing the atmospheric pressure above the ink in the jar to force ink upward be 40 tween the sleeve and cup portion and overflow into the cup, and its return or downward move ment will force all surplus ink back into the res to as the cup portion, held in position by a de 45 pending cylinder which rests on the cover and ervoir, after which the cork may be removed and is connected to the lower end of the cup portion in integral relation. Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view of a construc tion in which the cup portion is made of soft vulcanized rubber and is provided with a vacuum cup at its lower end by means of which the cup i5 indicates the body portion formed with a reservoir IS in which is supported a cup por tion l1, the cup I8 of which islocated in the upper end of said cup portion. portion is prevented irom’liiting during the cup connected thereto by cement as illustrated in Figure 13, or may simply rest upon the bottom of filling operation. Fig. 6 is a cross sectional view on line 6--6 of Fig. 5, and a pen filled with ease. . 45 The cup portion may be made integral with ` the body portion as illustrated in Figure 2, or the reservoir if made heavy enough to prevent its lifting when the partial vacuum is created 55 2 2,119,308 above the cup in the act of drawing ink there into, as will be readily understood. However, when the cup portion is made of light material which lifts during the ñlling operation of the sleeve movement, it is necessary to hold the cup portion in its normal position of rest by suitable means, and the means required depends upon the shape of the reservoir of the body por tion on which the cup portion rests or over which 10 it is supported; the construction being designed to hold as much ink as possible and to permit practically all of the ink to be eventually sup plied to the cup. Therefore, if the bases containing the main 15 reservoir i ß have already been made and it is de sired to use them with the other novel parts de scribed herein, the constructions illustrated in Figures 4, 5 and 8, may usually be used there with, but when the entire inkstand is made from 20 new moulds, the constructions illustrated in Fig ures 2 and 3, is preferred. Referring now to Fig. 2, it will be seen that the cover and body portion is made of glass or plastic material, the cover I9 extending entirely across 25 the open upper end oi' the reservoir and a de ñlling operation of the cup the upper end of the cylinder will abut the under side of the cover. In Figure 5, the cup portion is made of soft vulcanized rubber and a suction cup 32 is formed integral therewith which serves to position the cup portion and to hold it in ñxed relation with the bottom of the reservoir. To those skilled in the art to which this in vention pertains, it will be obvious that many changes in details of construction may be made 10 without departing from the invention disclosed herein, such as changes in form and relative di mensions, and in materials used. Having thus described my invention I claim as new: 1. An inkstand comprising a reservoir for ink, a cup portion the lower end of which is perma nently closed, and means for reducing the atmos pheric pressure in the cup portion to cause ink to ñow from the reservoir into said cup portion. 20 2. An inkstand comprising a reservoir for ink, a cup portion having an ink-cup formed therein, a sleeve extending over the cup portion with its lower end resting near the bottom of the reser voir in open communication therewith and its pending sleeve portion Zß extending downward upper end extending above said ink-cup, and therefrom, and formed with an inner circular wall 2| which normally rests in close contact with the outer wall 22 of the cup portion, the adjacent 30 surfaces being inclined relative to the vertical to means comprising a closure for the upper end of permit easy drawing in the moulding operations, as will be readily understood. The lower end or bottom of the reservoir is preferably formed with a deep circular recess 23 35 into which the lower end of the sleeve extends as shown, the object being to prevent air from flow ing from the reservoir between the sleeve and cup portion when the ink is low in the reservoir and the sleeve is being raised in the act of ñlling 40 the ink-cup. The upper end of the sleeve or cover, as the case may be, is formed with a conically formed dip opening 24 in which is fitted a soft rubber seat 25 to provide a tight joint between the lower end 45 of the pen-holder used with the stand, to insure proper lifting of the ink to the ink-cup in the ñlling operation, but a cork, or a flat piece of paper laid upon the flat surface 86 of the cover will answer the same purpose. 50 As the cover is raised the space between the sleeve and cup portion increases and forms a passage for ink leading to the dip-cup. In Figures 4, 8, and 11, the ink cup portion is separated a limited distance from the adjacent 55 sleeve to form an annular passage 2ï Ybetween its lower end is immersed in a liquid. 3. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav ing a reservoir for ink and a cup portion sup holder which serves as a closure for the said open end; the construction being such that when a liquid is in the reservoir it serves to seal the lower end of said sleeve and when said sleeve is raised the liquid will- flow upward from the reservoir to said ink-cup. 4. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav ing a reservoir therein, a cup portion therein having an ink cup formed in its upper end, a sleeve extending over said cup portion which is open at both ends, and means for closing the up per end of said sleeve to provide an air-tight chamber when a liquid is in the reservoir and 50 serves to close the lower end of said sleeve. 5. An inkstand consisting of two parts, a body portion having a reservoir formed therein and a cup portion having an ink-cup formed therein and connected to the body portion in integral re 55 lation, and a cover for the reservoir having a sage 21’ is formed within the outer wall of the depending sleeve which extends downwardly over said cup portion to near its lower end. 6. The construction deñned in claim 5, together ñtted to slide closely to the outer wall of the cup 60 portion instead of between the walls. In Figures 4 and 8, the outer cylindrical sleeve 28 is formed integral with the cup portion at their lower ends as shown; in Figure 4, the said cylinder being suspended from the cover by a 65 flange 29 and its inner diameter is increased to allow holes 3!) to be formed to permit any over ñow of ink that may be forced upward between the outer surface of the sleeve and the inner sur face of the cylinder. In Figure 8, the cylinder rests on the bottom of the reservoir and remains there due to its weight; therefore the top end of the cylinder may be spaced from the under side of the cover to provide an annular space 3i to serve the same 75 purpose, and if the cylinder should lift in the 30 ported therein, an open ended sleeve extending over said cup` portion with its lower end resting adjacent to the bottom of the reservoir and its 35 upper end resting adjacent to the upper end oi said cup portion and. formed to support a pen them, and in Figures 5, and 10, a vertical pas cup portion, and the adjacent sleeve portion is 70 said sleeve for reducing the atmospheric pressure within said sleeve by its upward movement when with said reservoir being formed with an annu 60 lar depression in which the lower end of said sleeve normally rests. ’7. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav ing a reservoir for ink formed therein, a cup por tion having an ink-cup, a sleeve extending over 65 said cup portion the upper end of which is adapt ed to be closed to form a closed chamber and the lower end of which is adapted to be closed by ink in the reservoir; the construction embodying a passage leading from the reservoir to the ink 70 cup thru which ink flows from the reservoir to the ink-cup when the sleeve is raised. 8. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav ing a reservoir for ink, a cover for said reservoir having a depending sleeve and formed with a 75 2,119,308 flat upper surface, a cupi portion extending up wardly within said sleeve and having an ink-cup formed therein, an outer cylindrical member connected with the bottom of said cup portion and extending upwardly therefrom, and means for closing the upper end of said sleeve to form a 3 closed chamber above the ink-cup; the construc~ tion being such that the upward movement of said sleeve relative to said ink-cup will increasev the cubic capacity of said chamber. FRANK M, ASHLEY.