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Патент USA US2119308

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May 31, 1938.-
F_'M„ ASHLEY
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2,119,308
INKsTAND
Filed Sept. 16, 1936
1 .,’ 0
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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INVENTOR.
May 31,' 1938.
2,119,308
F. M. ASHLEY
INKS TAND
Filed Sept. 16, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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1N VENTOR.
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Patented May 31, 1938
2,119,308
UNITED STABS PATENT OFFICE
2,119,308
rNKsTnND
Frank M. ifisllley, Great Kills, N. Y., assigner to
Lewis Gompers, Trustee, New York, N. Y.
Application September 16, 1936, Serial No. 100,966
8 Claims.
lVIy invention relates to inkstands.
The object of my invention is to provide an
inlrstand construction comprising a main reser
voir for ink and an ink-cup which is ñlled by ink
5 supplied from theV main reservoir, and which
embodies means í‘or raising the ink by causing
a partial vacuum to be created above the ink
cup and submitting the normal atmospheric pres
sure to act above the surface of the ink in the
10 main reservoir to force ink therein to a higher
level where it may overflow into said ink-cup,
or be maintained at a higher level by suitable
means.
A further object is to provide an inkstand with
a dip opening formed to support a pen-holder
therein with a pen carried thereby extending in
to the ink, the pen-holder serving to close the
dip when resting therein.
A further object is to provide an inkstand
20 which may be made of glass or plastic materials
that will not deteriorate and so formed that
no air-tight joints are required in its construc
tion and in which the cost of the materials and
time required to assemble the parts are both re
25 duced to a minimum.
Further objects and features of construction
will be hereinafter fully set forth.
`
Referring to the drawings which form a part
of this speciiication:
30
Fig. l is a plan View of an inkstand which dis
closes a preferred form of outline, and
Fig. 2 is an elevational sectional View on line
2-2 of Fig. i, showing the cover and depending
cylindrical portion resting in their normal posi
35 tion thereon.
Fig. 3 is the same view as that of Fig. 2, ex
cept that the cover portion has been removed
and ‘the central cylindrical portion in which the
ink-cup is formed, is shown to be formed sepa
40 rate from the body portion whereas in Fig. 2,
it is shown to be integral with the body portion.
Fig, 4 is a vertical sectional view showing the
central cylindrical portion, hereinafter referred
(Cl. 1Z0-61)
Fig. 7 is a similar View showing the side of the
cup portion as iiattened to provide a passage for
ink, instead of a round hole formed in the said
portion, as shown in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional View of another
form of construction in which an outer cylinder
is used to support the cup portion, and
Fig. 9 is a view of the bottom of said outer cyl
inder showing passages for ink formed therein,
said cylinder and cup portion being formed inte
gral at their lower ends.
Fig. 10 is a vertical sectional view disclosing
another way of securing the cup portion to the
base of the body portion.
Fig, 11 is a vertical sectional View disclosing a
jar in which is located a cup portion and sleeve
portion which cooperate to raise ink in the same
manner as disclosed in Fig. 10 but instead of the
upper end being formed to support a pen-holder,
a cork is used which extends laterally over the 20
entire upper end of the sleeve, said cork being
removed to allow a fountain pen to be filled from
the ink-cup.
Fig. 12 is a plan View oi the jar shown in Fig. Y
11.
25
Fig. 13 is a vertical sectional view in which the
top end of the cup portion is shown to be located
above the inner top side of the reservoir, and its
bottom end secured to the body portion of the
Well by cement or other suitable’means.
30
By referring to Fig. 1l, the principle of oper
ation will be readily understood, and in so far as
I am aware, is new in its application to an ink
stand.
With ink in the jar constituting the reservoir, 35
and the cork fitting in tight relation into the
upper end of the sleeve, by raising the sleeve the
air is rariñed in the ink-cup and space above
the same, causing the atmospheric pressure
above the ink in the jar to force ink upward be 40
tween the sleeve and cup portion and overflow
into the cup, and its return or downward move
ment will force all surplus ink back into the res
to as the cup portion, held in position by a de
45 pending cylinder which rests on the cover and
ervoir, after which the cork may be removed and
is connected to the lower end of the cup portion
in integral relation.
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view of a construc
tion in which the cup portion is made of soft
vulcanized rubber and is provided with a vacuum
cup at its lower end by means of which the cup
i5 indicates the body portion formed with a
reservoir IS in which is supported a cup por
tion l1, the cup I8 of which islocated in the
upper end of said cup portion.
portion is prevented irom’liiting during the cup
connected thereto by cement as illustrated in
Figure 13, or may simply rest upon the bottom of
filling operation.
Fig. 6 is a cross sectional view on line 6--6 of
Fig. 5, and
a pen filled with ease.
.
45
The cup portion may be made integral with `
the body portion as illustrated in Figure 2, or
the reservoir if made heavy enough to prevent
its lifting when the partial vacuum is created 55
2
2,119,308
above the cup in the act of drawing ink there
into, as will be readily understood.
However, when the cup portion is made of light
material which lifts during the ñlling operation
of the sleeve movement, it is necessary to hold
the cup portion in its normal position of rest by
suitable means, and the means required depends
upon the shape of the reservoir of the body por
tion on which the cup portion rests or over which
10 it is supported; the construction being designed
to hold as much ink as possible and to permit
practically all of the ink to be eventually sup
plied to the cup.
Therefore, if the bases containing the main
15 reservoir i ß have already been made and it is de
sired to use them with the other novel parts de
scribed herein, the constructions illustrated in
Figures 4, 5 and 8, may usually be used there
with, but when the entire inkstand is made from
20 new moulds, the constructions illustrated in Fig
ures 2 and 3, is preferred.
Referring now to Fig. 2, it will be seen that the
cover and body portion is made of glass or plastic
material, the cover I9 extending entirely across
25 the open upper end oi' the reservoir and a de
ñlling operation of the cup the upper end of
the cylinder will abut the under side of the cover.
In Figure 5, the cup portion is made of soft
vulcanized rubber and a suction cup 32 is formed
integral therewith which serves to position the
cup portion and to hold it in ñxed relation with
the bottom of the reservoir.
To those skilled in the art to which this in
vention pertains, it will be obvious that many
changes in details of construction may be made 10
without departing from the invention disclosed
herein, such as changes in form and relative di
mensions, and in materials used.
Having thus described my invention I claim as
new:
1. An inkstand comprising a reservoir for ink,
a cup portion the lower end of which is perma
nently closed, and means for reducing the atmos
pheric pressure in the cup portion to cause ink to
ñow from the reservoir into said cup portion.
20
2. An inkstand comprising a reservoir for ink,
a cup portion having an ink-cup formed therein,
a sleeve extending over the cup portion with its
lower end resting near the bottom of the reser
voir in open communication therewith and its
pending sleeve portion Zß extending downward
upper end extending above said ink-cup, and
therefrom, and formed with an inner circular
wall 2| which normally rests in close contact with
the outer wall 22 of the cup portion, the adjacent
30 surfaces being inclined relative to the vertical to
means comprising a closure for the upper end of
permit easy drawing in the moulding operations,
as will be readily understood.
The lower end or bottom of the reservoir is
preferably formed with a deep circular recess 23
35 into which the lower end of the sleeve extends as
shown, the object being to prevent air from flow
ing from the reservoir between the sleeve and
cup portion when the ink is low in the reservoir
and the sleeve is being raised in the act of ñlling
40 the ink-cup.
The upper end of the sleeve or cover, as the
case may be, is formed with a conically formed
dip opening 24 in which is fitted a soft rubber seat
25 to provide a tight joint between the lower end
45 of the pen-holder used with the stand, to insure
proper lifting of the ink to the ink-cup in the
ñlling operation, but a cork, or a flat piece of
paper laid upon the flat surface 86 of the cover
will answer the same purpose.
50
As the cover is raised the space between the
sleeve and cup portion increases and forms a
passage for ink leading to the dip-cup.
In Figures 4, 8, and 11, the ink cup portion is
separated a limited distance from the adjacent
55 sleeve to form an annular passage 2ï Ybetween
its lower end is immersed in a liquid.
3. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav
ing a reservoir for ink and a cup portion sup
holder which serves as a closure for the said open
end; the construction being such that when a
liquid is in the reservoir it serves to seal the lower
end of said sleeve and when said sleeve is raised
the liquid will- flow upward from the reservoir to
said ink-cup.
4. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav
ing a reservoir therein, a cup portion therein
having an ink cup formed in its upper end, a
sleeve extending over said cup portion which is
open at both ends, and means for closing the up
per end of said sleeve to provide an air-tight
chamber when a liquid is in the reservoir and 50
serves to close the lower end of said sleeve.
5. An inkstand consisting of two parts, a body
portion having a reservoir formed therein and a
cup portion having an ink-cup formed therein
and connected to the body portion in integral re 55
lation, and a cover for the reservoir having a
sage 21’ is formed within the outer wall of the
depending sleeve which extends downwardly over
said cup portion to near its lower end.
6. The construction deñned in claim 5, together
ñtted to slide closely to the outer wall of the cup
60 portion instead of between the walls.
In Figures 4 and 8, the outer cylindrical sleeve
28 is formed integral with the cup portion at
their lower ends as shown; in Figure 4, the said
cylinder being suspended from the cover by a
65 flange 29 and its inner diameter is increased to
allow holes 3!) to be formed to permit any over
ñow of ink that may be forced upward between
the outer surface of the sleeve and the inner sur
face of the cylinder.
In Figure 8, the cylinder rests on the bottom
of the reservoir and remains there due to its
weight; therefore the top end of the cylinder may
be spaced from the under side of the cover to
provide an annular space 3i to serve the same
75 purpose, and if the cylinder should lift in the
30
ported therein, an open ended sleeve extending
over said cup` portion with its lower end resting
adjacent to the bottom of the reservoir and its 35
upper end resting adjacent to the upper end oi
said cup portion and. formed to support a pen
them, and in Figures 5, and 10, a vertical pas
cup portion, and the adjacent sleeve portion is
70
said sleeve for reducing the atmospheric pressure
within said sleeve by its upward movement when
with said reservoir being formed with an annu
60
lar depression in which the lower end of said
sleeve normally rests.
’7. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav
ing a reservoir for ink formed therein, a cup por
tion having an ink-cup, a sleeve extending over 65
said cup portion the upper end of which is adapt
ed to be closed to form a closed chamber and the
lower end of which is adapted to be closed by
ink in the reservoir; the construction embodying
a passage leading from the reservoir to the ink 70
cup thru which ink flows from the reservoir to
the ink-cup when the sleeve is raised.
8. An inkstand comprising a body portion hav
ing a reservoir for ink, a cover for said reservoir
having a depending sleeve and formed with a 75
2,119,308
flat upper surface, a cupi portion extending up
wardly within said sleeve and having an ink-cup
formed therein, an outer cylindrical member
connected with the bottom of said cup portion
and extending upwardly therefrom, and means
for closing the upper end of said sleeve to form a
3
closed chamber above the ink-cup; the construc~
tion being such that the upward movement of
said sleeve relative to said ink-cup will increasev
the cubic capacity of said chamber.
FRANK M, ASHLEY.
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