Патент USA US2119387код для вставки
May 31, 1938. 2,119,387 J. w. HARVEY CHILD’S CRIB, ETC ‘Filed April 12, 1955 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 James WHarve , @ ,/ 5 L, i _. r . _INVENTOR BY J .I ' ' ' I ATTO NEY _May 31, 1938. J} w, HARVEY - 2,119,387 CHILD’S CRIB, ETC Filed'ApriL 12, 1933 > 4 sheets-Sheet 2 May 31, 1938. ~ 2,1 19,387 Filed April 12, 1955' 4 Sheets-sheet :5 ' J. w. HARVEY CHILD'S CRIB, ETC Jm e s w Hw vw INVE TOR A ORNEY May 31, 1938. ' ' J. w. HARVEY CHILD’S CRIB, 2,119,337 ETC Filed April 12, 1935 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 _F_'_i5’-_.__15¥ ) 1 [25 nag/26 HHHH ‘ . 11/15 - v17 r/ ‘"58 .p _ __ _ James ‘14!. ‘Ha r veg, INVENTOR ATTO RKE'Y' 55’ , Patented May 31, 1938 2,119,387 PATIENT OFFICE . ‘UNITED STATES ‘ 2,119,387 CHILD'S CRIB, ETC. James Willard Harvey, Winthrop, Maine, assign or to Robert S.‘ Allyn, New York, N. Y. Application April 12, 1933, Serial No. 665,626 12 Claims. My invention relates particularly to folding, take-down or knock-down cribs and chairs. (01. 5-98) Fig. 3 shows the outline of one of the end canvas pieces. ' One object is to construct a crib or chair which Cl has no metal parts. Another object is to provide a construction which can be made at a reasonable cost and yet is strong and attractive in appearance. Another object is to form a crib or chair frame of wooden turnings. 10 1 Another object is to provide a construction which is light in weight and can be folded or knocked down for convenience in shipping, stor age and carrying by hand. . 1 Another object is to provide a crib which can be used either in the house or out of doors or in an automobile or boat. ‘ Another object is to provide a crib which can be carried on the seat of an automobile or sus pended from the roof. 20 Another object is to provide a construction which can be used either with two legs or four legs. Another object is to provide a crib which pro tects the child from drafts. -5 Another object is to provide a crib‘in which there is a minimum possibility of injury to the Child. 1 Another object is to provide a crib which will stand steady on uneven surfaces. ' Another object is to provide a crib which can also be used as a play pen. ‘ Another object is to provide a sunshade or shield which can be readily collapsed or removed. Anotherobiect is to provide a spring construc Another object is to provide a knock-down chair with a fabric cover which can be readily removed and cleaned. ‘Another object is to provide a nursery chair for small children. The article comprises a framework preferably formed of wood burnings and a cover of ?exible fabric, which for convenience will be referred to r as canvas. The framework is adapted to be col lapsed or folded into a compact space without entirely removing the canvas. The canvas is so constructed as to reinforce the framework as well as‘ serve as the side and walls of the article. This cover is adapted to be removed for repair, cleaning, or replacement. ‘ Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of crib embodying my invention. Fig. 5 is an end view showing in dotted lines 5 the side frames folded together- ‘ Fig. 6 is a side view and partial section show ing a sunshade or shield. Fig. '7 is a plan view showing a fragment of a spring. 1o ’ ‘ Fig. 8 is a detail plan view of a sectional spring for the crib preferably formed of wood turnings. Fig. 9 is a fragmentary detail showing a bayonet type connection between parts of the corner post. Fig. ‘10 is a transverse sectional‘view showing 15 a spring for‘supporting a. mattress, etc. ‘ Fig. 11 is a detail view of one form of spreader bar. ' Fig. 12 is an enlarged sectional view showing, the hinge joint between one of. the corner posts 20 and the associated side bar and end bar. Fig. 13 is a perspective view of a modi?ed form of frame partly assembled. Fig. 14 is an end view of the same knocked down. ' r i _ 25 Fig. 15 is a detail sectional view showing an adjusting means for one of the corner posts. Fig. 16 is a detail showing a slatted structure with a tension‘ member. Fig. 1'7 is a vertical section and a side view of 30 a chair embodying my invention. Fig. 18 is a section and front view of the same. Fig. 19 is a horizontal section and plan of the same. In the preferred form there is a main upper ' tion of wood. 50 frame, partially separated. ' ‘ 1 Fig. 4 is an end view and partial section of the ‘ Fig. 2 shows the outline of the main canvas 55 for the bottom and sides of the cover. frame of ?xed dimensions having side bars l5, l5, and end bars l6, Hi. The corner postsvl‘l, I1, and l8, it are hinged to these side bars just inside of the end bars by the simple expedient of passing a side bar through the post and securing it in place by an extension l9 which may be pinned or glued or otherwise secured in place. It will be seen that the element l9 constitutes‘ an extension or part of the side bar beyond the corner post. Movement in the other direction is limited by the shoulder 20 (Fig. 12) which may be formed integral with the bar l5 or formed otherwise. , The two posts l1, l1 are connected not only by the upper side bar l5 but by the lower side bar II and may‘ also be connected by an intermediate bar 22, both of the latter bars being permanently secured in the adjacent comer post so that the corner posts are held at ?xed distances with re spect to each other. I therefore have a main '65 2 2,119,387 upper frame of ?xed dimensions and two swinging side frames of ?xed dimensions, each of the side frames including the upper side bars which are parts of the main upper frame. The corner posts are held apart by lower end bars 23 which for convenience I will refer to as spreaders. These bars are removable or detach that the parts are ?rmly held, although because able and may be jointed so as to facilitate inser - tion and removal. For instance, each of these of the ?exibility of the canvas and the resiliency of the wood there is considerable leeway for 10 spreaders may be formed in two parts connected by an interiorly threaded sleeve 24, the direction of the threads on the opposite ends being re versed so that by rotating the sleeve in one direc tion the length of the spreader can be increased and by rotating the sleeve in the opposite direc tion the length may be decreased. The upper ends of the corner posts at each end of the crib are connected by a brace consisting of an upper end bar or crossbar 25 and extension post members 26. Each of these post extensions is provided with a socket 21 to fit over the end of a stud or projection 28 on the upper end of the corner post. This brace, therefore, serves to hold the upper ends of the corner'posts at ?xed dis 25 tances. I preferably provide extension legs 30 which are detachably connected to the lower ends of the corner posts, for instance, by means of a screw threaded extension 3| on the lower end of the 30 corner post which extends into a threaded socket in the upper end of the leg. By this means the body of the crib framework can be supported at any height desired, depending upon the length of the legs and their adjustment. 35 It should be understood, of course, that the legs might be provided with anti-friction bear ings or casters if desired (not shown). The bottom and sides of the framework are preferably enclosed by afabric cover preferably 40 of canvas, duck, or the like, which for conven ience will be termed canvas. This canvas may be formed of one or ‘more parts, for instance, of three pieces, a main portion 32 and two end por tions 33, which may be formed separately for 45 economical reasons, and sewed or otherwise se cured together. ' The central portion of the main web consti tutes the bottom of the crib and the side exten sions 34, 34 form the closed sides of the crib. 50 The edges 35, 35 are adapted to be secured to the upper side bars |5, |5, preferably in a detachable manner as for instance by means of snap fasten ers, buttons or other attachment devices 36. These fastening devices may be adjustable or a number of them may be provided so that the fabric can be stretched tight around the lower side bars 2|, 2| and around the upper side bars l5, l5 either inside or outside of the intermediate bars 22, 22. endwise from one crossbar 25 to the other be neath the spreaders 23. By this arrangement although the various joints of the frame do not need to be especially tight the canvas cover embraces the upper and lower side and end bars as well as the corner posts so automatic adjustment of the joints so that the frame will stand steadily although on uneven ground. From the foregoing it will be seen that the crib can be used with four legs or without the four legs for convenience in carrying or if it is desired to place the crib on a bed or table in the manner of a basinette. Two of the legs at one end can be removed and the crib set up in an automobile with the remaining two legs resting on the floor and the two corner posts resting on 20 the seat. The crib can also be readily suspended from any overhead support in the manner of a hammock by attaching straps or chains, for instance, to the side bars adjacent the corner posts. The 25 canvas sides may be provided with loops 44 or pockets for convenient storage of various articles. The end bars l6 constitute convenient means for hanging towels, etc. When it is desired to fold up and stow away the 30 crib the spreader bars 23 .are removed so as to re lease the tension on the ends of the canvas cov er, thus permitting the end braces with the post 1 extensions 26 to be lifted enough to disengage the sockets 21 from the studs 28. These braces 85 may then be laid down on the upper side bars IS. The corner posts and side frames can then be swung around the side bars into the position shown in Fig. 5. The parts may, of course, be set up in reverse order. 40 In some cases it may be desirable to use a set of springs such as 46. Such springs will have end bars 41 which may be sprung between the lower side bars 2| adjacent the corner posts and serve as spreaders to hold the side frames from 45 folding inwardly. It will be understood, of course, that pressure upon the bottom web 32 either directly or through the springs tends to increase the drawing-in tension of the canvas cover and thus hold the side frames snugly in 50 place. In Fig. 8 the springs consist of sections con nected by a cord 48. Each section consists of side bars 49 connected by resilient cross bars 49'. The side bars 49 rest on the canvas near 55 the side bars 2| and the cord passes through the side bars 49 so that the spring is ?exible and adapts itself to the body and permits the springs _to be rolled up with the canvas or mattress or folded for shipping. The adjacent edges 31 and 38 of the main web and the end pieces are secured together and the edges 39 and 40 are secured together around the corner posts, leaving an opening or hole 4| for the lower end of each corner post which is thus side bars 49 beyond the center and glued and embraced by the canvas. bars, preventing them from pulling loose from the ‘ ' If it is desired to have the canvas covering re movable the side walls must either ?t outside of thebars 22 or the upper portions of the edges 70 39 and 40 must be left open and provided with a button or fastening device 42'so as to permit the upper part of the side section to be inserted be tween the bars 2| and 22. The upper edge 43 of each end piece is secured to the cross-bar 25 of 76 the brace member so that the cover is stretched 60 The ends of the crossbars 49’ are set into the bored at the same time as the side bars so that the cord may pass through the ends of the cross crossbars in case they become unglued. It will be seen that the canvas side and end walls furnish protection against drafts of air. The sides may, however, be provided with holes for ventilation if desired. In some cases it is desirable to have a sunshade or shield over one end or both ends of the crib. Such a shield may conveniently consist of a U-shaped frame hinged to one of the spreader bars 23 and a suitable shelter top 59. 75 9,119,887 > 3 The frame consists of side bars 5| and a socket to receive the ball-like end of the toggle crossbar 52. The side. bars are hinged, on the member 23". This forms a. hinge-like connec 'spreaders 23 so that the frame can be folded down‘ tion which makes it possible to insert the spread into the bottom of the crib or removed with the er and provide an expanding toggle action which spreader bar. In fact, the side bars 5| may be is locked by simply rotating the’ central part 24' simply slipped onto the ends of the spreader . a half turn. The outer ends of the parts 23' and bar so that the frame can be entirely. removed if 23", of course, ?t in sockets or recesses l1’ and desired. The canvas top 50 is fastened to the I8’ in the corner posts in the same manner as crossbar 52 and extends over the brace bar 25 the form shown in Fig. 4. A knob or projection and is detachably connected to the end bar l6. 68 may be provided to fit in a hole 68' in the 10 Side curtains such as 53 may be provided if de canvas to prevent accidental rotation and release sired. of the spreader. The parts of the spreader may It will be understood, of course, that a mat be additionally held by a slip ring or clip 69. tress of any suitable type may be employed. In place of the screw threaded connection of . In the modi?cation shown in Figs. 13 and 14 the leg 36 and corner post I1, I may provide a 15 the ?xed frame consists of side bars 60, 60, end bayonet type joint with a groove 3|’ and a pin bars 6|, 6| and corner posts 62, 62, all per 30’ as shown in Fig. 9. This greatly expedites the manently connected together. The side frames in this case consist of corner posts 63, 63 with 20 one or more connectingside bars such as 64 and 65. Removable spreader bars 66 are provided be tween the lower ends of the corner posts. The post sections 62 and 63 are provided with‘tele scopic stud and socket connections to hold the 25 respective parts in alignment. It will be under stood that the canvas covering is secured on this framework in a manner similar to the one pre viously described. The upper edges of the can‘vas will be connected preferably to the side bars 60, 60 and the end bars 6|, 6| and ?t around the corner ‘ posts and the lower bars 65, 65, and 66, 66 so as to hold the parts together. If desired extensible means of connection be tween the post sections 62 and 63 may be pro vided so as to make it possible to stretch the canvas. Such an extensible joint maybe ef fected by means of a threaded insert 61 between the members 62 and 63 as shown in Fig. 15. By turning this section one way or the other the upper section of the corner post may be raised or lowered. It should be understood that the canvas may attachment and detachment of the legs. While the invention in its preferred form con templates the combination of the wooden frame 20 work and the canvas covering, it should be under stood that some of the advantages of the inven tion may be attained by the use of the framework together with a spring for forming the bottom of the crib, in which event the upper brace 25 members might be held down by means of straps or other suitable devices. While a crib isnormally of greater length than width, it should be understood that the article may be of the same length was width or even 30 greater width than length, so that the‘ terms ends and sides are interchangeable. Actually the article has four sides, two of which are for con venience in distinction called ends. It should also be understood that while I pre 85 ~fer to provide leg extensions for the corner posts so as to support the crib in an elevated position these leg extensions, might be entirely omitted and the crib used as ‘a play pen. While the crib is intended primarily for babies 40 it may be used in the smaller sizes for dolls and in larger sizes for children. ' The chair shown in Figs. 17, 18., and 19 em bodies some of the features of the crib of Fig. 10 but the frame is inverted. The lower part of ?xed 45 relation consists of corner posts 10, 10, and ‘H, ‘H connected respectively by the rear bar 12, be ornamented in any desired manner and that any suitable fabric either of close or open mesh work may be employed, depending upon whether it is desired to prevent drafts or ventilate the sides. In fact, the cover may be of perforated ' the front bar 13 and side bars ‘l4, 14. The rear material or portions might be made of strips so corner post sections 15, ‘I5 are connected to the long as su?icient strength is provided for tieing the side bars and end bars together and drawing the lower side bars against the Spreaders. Such a construction avoids the possibility of accidental collapse and provides no openings into which a child might thrust its head. ‘ In the construction shown in Fig. 16, the cor ner'posts l1 and I8 are detachably connected at their upper ends as in Fig. 1_ by a bar 25 and post sections 26. The lower ends of the posts l1 and I8 are held apart by the detachable spreader ‘bar 54 and drawn together by a rod 55 which has a knob 55' at one end and is threaded at 55" to screw into the post l8. 1 . In such a construction the canvas body may be omitted and the top bar 25 held down by tie rods 56 through which the spreader 54 and draw rod 55 extend. The end of the crib may be closed 'by upright rods or slats 51 which connect the. top bar 25 and the spreader 54. The sides may be closed by upright rods or. slats 59 which connect the lower side bar 2| and the intermediate bar 22'. In the form of spreader shown in Fig. 11 the part 23' is ?xed in or formed as a part of one end of the body portion 24', the opposite end of which has a semi-cylindrical groove terminating in a front corner post sections '16, 16 by the side bars 50 11, ‘I1, and ‘l8, 18 forming side frames. The sec tions such as 15 and 10 are detachably connected by plug and socket parts ‘I9 and 80. The upper ends of the back posts 15, 15 are connected by a crossbar 8| and corner post extensions 82 which detachably fit the upper ends of the posts 15, ‘I5. Suitable spreaders 83 and 84 are interposed be tween the corner posts for the same purpose as the spreader 23 of Fig. 4 and the spreader 66 60 of Fig. 13. The canvas cover consists of a strip 90 ‘having its ends detachably secured to the bars 12 and ‘I3 by looped fastenings 9| and 92 and a cross cover 93 with its ends,94, 95 secured detachably to the side bars 14, ‘H. These two strips 90 and 93 are preferably se cured together across the top to form the seat of the chair and the edges are united or con nected together at 96 around the corner posts to hold the-posts together. The main web pref erably has a central opening 91 to receive a re ceptacle and straps 98 to support the receptacle with itsusual flange resting around the edge of the opening. A cover ?ap 99 may be provided 75 4 2,119,387 if desired so as to completely conceal the re ceptacle, and fastened at I00 to the seat. The arms 18 are preferably removable to fa cilitate the removal of the canvas cover but it should be understood that the two strips of canvas 90 and 93 might be detachably connected together so that they could be removed without taking out the arms ‘I8. I preferably provide a canvas back llll, also 10 secured at 100 to the seat at or near the rear and passed over the top bar BI and connected, for instance, by straps I02 to the buckles I03 on the flap 9| so that the back and seat can be stretched at the same time. It will be seen that the side bars and frames 15 correspond with the side bars and frames of the crib and that the front and back bars correspond with the end bars of the crib and that the canvas holds the parts together in the same general 20 way as in the crib. As the canvas embraces not only the side and end bars but also the corner posts, the parts are securely held together even when the glue in the joints works loose. A very satisfactory 25 construction can be made in this way without the use of nails, screws or hardware ?ttings of any kind. I claim: 1. A folding crib frame having corner posts, side bars extending through the posts and form ing hinges therefor to permit swinging the cor ner posts on the side bars, end bars connecting the ends of the side bars outside of the corner posts, removable cross members for connecting .35 the upper and lower ends of the corner posts at the ends of the crib and side bars connecting the member having corner pieces connected by a cross bar, said corner pieces and said comer posts having sockets and dowel parts permitting a sliding application of the corner pieces to the corner posts and a canvas member connected to :1 the cross bar and passing around the lower bar and connected to another part of the frame and holding the connecting member in place on the corner posts. 6. A frame for supporting a person, said frame having corner posts at the front and rear, means for connecting the respective posts including bars between the lower ends, a connecting member having a cross bar and post extensions mounted on the ends of the cross bar, said post extensions 15 and the upper ends of the rear corner posts hav ing inter?tting parts and a cover including a por tion for supporting the weight of a person with side members connected to the lower bars and a back member connecting the cross bar to the 20 seat member and holding the connecting member in place. ‘ '7. Furniture framework comprising four cor ner posts, two lower side bars connecting re spective corner posts, upper side bars connect ing respective corner posts; end bars, means for connecting the upper ends of the corner posts at each end of the framework to said end bars, spreaders interposed between respective corner posts adjacent the points where the lower side 30 bars are connected to the corner posts, a con necting member at one end at least of the frame work comprising corner members and a cross bar connecting the corner member, each corner member and a corresponding corner post hav 35 ing cooperating stud and socket portions permit lower ends of the corner posts along the sides of ting them to be readily connected and separated, the crib. and a canvas cover forming a bottom, sides and 2. A crib comprising an upper frame having ends and connected to the upper side bars and 40 upper side bars and upper end bars, corner to the cross bar and to another bar at the oppo 40 posts pivoted on the ends of the side bars, lower 1 site end of the framework and passing beneath side bars connecting the lower ends of the re the lower side bars and the spreaders and hold spective corner posts, removable lower bars at the ends of the crib between 45 corner posts, removable tie members at of the crib connecting the upper ends spreader ing the parts of the framework together. adjacent 8. Furniture framework comprising a perma the ends nently assembled rectangular frame having up 45 of adja -per side bars and end bars and corner members cent corner posts, and a fabric covering stretched at right angles to the planes of the side and end beneath the lower side bars and the spreader bars bars, a corner member extension for veach corner and having sides secured to the upper side bars member and having a stud and socket connection 50 and ends secured to the tie members. therewith, a cross bar connecting adjacent cor 50 3. A knock-down chair comprising a frame having corner posts and side and cross bars, a de tachable back section having post members and a connecting bar, said corner posts and post 55 members having socket connections, and a can vas cover stretched around the comer posts and the side and cross bars of the frame and con nected to the connecting bar of the detachable section to hold the parts together a part of the 60 canvas cover forming a seat for the chair. 4. A piece of furniture for supporting a per son comprising front and back corner posts, side and front and back bars connecting the lower ends of the respective posts, a top bar connecting 65 the upper ends of the back posts, other bars form ing a seat frame, a cover stretched over the seat frame and secured to the said lower bars, said cover having a receptacle opening in the center with means for supporting a receptacle therein, and a back member connected to the seat and stretched over the top bar. 5. A furniture frame including two corner posts with a lower bar connecting the lower ends of the posts, means including a bar connecting 75 other portions of the posts and a connecting ner member ‘extensions, a spreader connecting corner members‘beneath each cross bar, lower side bars connecting corner members, and a can vas cover forming the bottom, sides and ends connected to certain parts and holding other parts together. 9. A frame of the character described compris ing, oppositely disposed upper side bars with con necting end bars, corner posts pivoted to the side bars between the end bars, lower side bars con 60 necting the respective corner posts beneath the upper side bars, and detachable means for con necting the opposite posts above and below the side bars. 10. In a folding crib, side bars having corner posts hinged thereto and adapted to swing in planes perpendicular to the direction of the length of the side bars, end bars holding the ends of said‘side bars at ?xed distances from each other,"means drawing the lower ends of the posts 70 at one side of the crib toward the posts at the other side of the crib, spreaders limiting the in ward movement of the lower ends of the posts, detachable brace members each consisting of corner post sections and a cross bar connecting 2,119,887 the upper ends of opposite posts at the ends of the crib, and detachable means engaging the brace members and the spreaders at each end of the crib. ‘ 11. In a construction of the character de scribed, a rectangular framework including at least two corner posts, detachable means for holding the lower ends apart at a predetermined distance, a brace member detachably connecting 10 the upper ends of the posts, said brace member 5 bar lying in a plane substantially above the plane of the side bars. 12. A framework for child's furniture includ ing two pairs of corner posts, upper and lower side bars connecting a post of each pair with a post of the other pair, upper and lower bars con 6 necting the posts of the respective pairs, the posts of at least one pair having projecting studs on their upper ends, a connecting member compris ing a cross bar with a corner piece mounted on consisting of two extension corner members and each end thereof, each corner piece having a 10 a cross bar connecting said corner members, said socket ?tting one of the aforementioned studs, corner posts and. corner members having socket said cross bar lying in a plane substantially above and dowel‘ means of interconnection andv means I the ‘plane of the upper side bars, and a canvas 15 connecting the cross bar and the means for hold cover connected to said cross bar and stretched ing the lower ends apart and thereby holding beneath the various lower bars and connected to 15 the brace member in position, said framework other bars and holding the parts together. having oppositely disposed side bars, said cross JAMES WILLARD HARVEY.