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Патент USA US2119445

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May 31, 1938.
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_
G. w. SCOTT
'
2,139,445
_ WINDING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 13, 1934
8 Sheeis-Sheet 3 I
I
109
_.'146 ‘
Hg- 5
'
I'NVENTOR
'
-
L» . &W
BY
May 31, 1938.
'
G, w 5w"
2,119,445
. W'INDING MACHINE
Filed Dec; 13. 192wv
_
a Sheets-Sheet 4
May 31, 1938-, I
G. w. SCOTT
_
2,119,445
WINDING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 15, 1954
18
s Sheets-Sheet 5
)4
BY
(Ar/W
WNW
m
ORNEY'
May 31, 1938. .
.
a
‘G. w. scoTT
WINDING
2,119,445
MACHINE
I
' ‘Filed Dec. 13,. 1934
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_
8 Sheets-Sheet 6
INVENTOR
‘m?
.
‘2,. L2?’
\ULJZGORNEY
I
.
May 31, 1938;
v
(3, w_ scoT-r
wmnmg MACHINE
2,119,445
_
Filed Dec. 13, 1934'
8 Sheets-Sheet '7
|NVENTOR
I
BY
v
‘
L.
I ‘May 31, 1938.
2,119,445
‘ G. w. scé'rT
wmbms MACHINE
Filed Dec. 15; 1954
>- 8 Sheets-Sheet 8
.whn .
_
BY
,
INVENTQJ,‘ "
RNEY
1
Patentéd May 31, 1938
' _
Y 2,119,445’
‘UNITED STATES2,119,445"PATENT ~ OFFICE
.
‘ WINDING MACHINE
George W. Scott, Providence, 3. 1., assignm- to
a . Tobe Deutsclnnann Corporation, Canton, Masa,
\
a corporation of Delaware
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' Application December 13,.1934,'Serial No. 757,350
- 1s qlaims.’ (01. 242-56)
The present invention relatesto machinery for a' dimcult task because of their thinness‘, the
winding or, roll must be sealed and lastly it must
automatically making wrappings or rolls of cer
tain types, and more particularly'to machinery be ejected from the ‘spindle or mandrel. It
‘should also ‘be noted that in order to provide a
for making electrical condenser windings.
5
In the prior art, most windings of this nature fully automatic device, the exact number of. tur
have been made either wholly by hand operated must be wound and following this, after the wind- .
winding machines in‘which'ali of the operations‘ ing is ejected, the mandrel must come to rest _
except the winding itself. are ‘accomplished by always in relatively the same position to be able
hand, or by machines which in part do, some of ‘to receive the foil'and paper.
In the present invention condenser windings-1o
vthe operations that the hands otherwise perform.
The present invention in particular, deals with may be made in relatively large or small sizes.
The paper and foil is automatically fed fromthe
a machine for making. automatically so called
paper condenser windings. In ‘these windings
> there is usually rolled together a. number- of layers
15 of paper and a number of layers of tin or alumi
num foil in such a manner that the tin or alumi-'
num 1011 forms opposite electrodes of an electrical
individual rolls at, the top of the machine. A
split mandrel automatically opens and closes to
grasp the paperand foil. The foil is‘ rolled with 15
the proper number 01' turns, the roll is then
sealed and ?nally ejected, whereupon the man
condenser. ‘In the ordinary condenser winding drel returns in position to receive the paper and
there may be ?rst a layer of aluminum foil, next foil for the making of a new roll. The exact
manner in which ‘the mechanism operates, the go
20 a layer of paper, third another layer of aluminum
.foil, and on top of this a layer 01' paper. If it is . results obtained, and utility and advantages of
desired a winding can be made ‘with three layers the invention, will be better understood from the
of aluminum separated by three layers of paper. description given below taken in connection with
the drawings showing v an embodiment of the
A number-“of various types of windings of this
25 nature may be made and with the machine of the
o,
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present invention, these windings may be made
as desired, either large or small, and of the de
sired electrical ' capacity
and other - electrical
characteristics.
1 - The present invention is‘ particularly designed -
to overcome the handicap imposed. by the ?imsii
ness of the material used. ,As is well known the
_ paper and foil used in the manufacture of elec
trical condensers are very ?ne, and not only do
they tear easily if the tension on the sheets ‘is
invention.
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.35
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Figure 1 shows .a plan view of the invention as
viewed from the top.
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Figure 2 shows the vertical elevation seen from
the jiront.
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Figured shows a side elevation.
Figure 4 shows a fragmentary view in perspec-f
tive showing in detail the method of feeding the
foil and paper, the split mandrel, and the‘manner
in whichthe toil and paper is‘ received on the a‘
mandrel.
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Figure 5 shows 9; fragmentary viewin perspec
varied, but also it should be noted that because
of its delicate‘ nature, it cannot-be pushed but tive showing in part the ‘cutting mechanism‘for
must always be drawn. This o?ers considerable severing the toil and-paper and the cam element
di?iculty in'designing machinery to handle such forcontrolling the same.
P '
40
.40 material, particularly for the prment purpose,
Figure 6 shows'inperspective a detail of a part
since a number of operations must be ‘performed
on the material besides merely rolling it on a .1 ‘shown in Figure 5’ indicating how the paper and
foil are released and fed in the operation of the ‘
mandrel.
In a‘machine of the present type where there‘
.45 may be six sheets of foil and paper that go to
form the winding, it is necessary to ?t-jindividu
ally each one of these six sheets to the point where
the mandrel will grasp them and begin to wrap
them on a-winding element. In addition, after
50 the winding is made, each sheet must be cut at
relatively different places so that‘ the ‘connecting,
foils will‘ not have an. opportunity of making
electrical contact with'each other and thereby
, create a short circuit between the di?ferent layers.
After thepaper and foil are cut,v which is in itself
mechanism.
'
- Figure '1 shows, in perspective, a front view of 45
the machine indicating the various cams and
controls of the mechanism.
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Figure 8 shows a section taken on the line 8-8' ' .,
of Figure
Figure91.is~ a rear
- view of the
_. invention looking 60
from the upper part of the device as shown in
Figure
. Figures
1. 10, 11- and 12 show the details
,
of Hthe’
spring shuttle- for
and
paper.’
ping and feeding the foil
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aiiefsss ‘
Figures 13 and 41114 show the: rotating position
driven from the sprocket" gear It’.
This shaft
attached to-it, a ring gear 44, whose
Figures 15- and 16 show‘ the mandrel as still. function will be explained later, and a cone clutch
45 which operates the clutching element 46 to
in an open position.
5
Figures 17 and 18 show the mandrel in position which the shaft I1’ is held fast. In the opera;
of the mandrelv on whichthe coil is wound.
tion of the shaft i4, the‘raised element 43 on
the face of the cam 28 forces the lower end of
“riism for ‘rotating and releasing the shaft on the lever 38 to the left as viewed in Figure 'I
which the mandrel is mounted.
'
' *when the part 33 of the cam 2| comes beneath
34 at the lowerend of the lever)‘. 10
_10 Figure 20' shows' a detail of the‘ method of t e sfinger
operation in the view shown in Figure_8
a supporting the shuttles indicated- in Figure 4,
and Figure 21, shows a further detail of the same forces the clutch element 48 to the left and as
_
for ejecting the winding.
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' . Figure 19 shows a detailof the clutch mecha
thing.
,
indicated in further detailin Figure 19 brings
1
InIFigures 1, 2 and.3 there is shown a base
15 element I, upon which is-rnounted a central cast
. ing or'frame 2 and a motor .0.
'
The motor I is
made fast to the frame I by bolts 4 or in any
other suitable manner. At the extremities of
frame l,'-there isla second frame !, which car
“ 2o ries a rigid element 0 upon which the rolls 1
of tin’ foiluand paper are mounted.
0n the
about the disengagement'betweei'i the two clutch
elements 46 and 46.
This ‘would occur very is
sharply were it not for a cylindrical-drag spring
41 which is mountedrin the inner face of the
clutch cone 45' as indicated by the end of the‘
spring 48; This drag spring is toroid in form
and ?ts in-a groove 4'. in the clutch element 46.
As the. finger or roller 34 as shown in Figure 8\
_ frame ‘2 on, which most of the mechanism is I is moved to the right,'_conipel1ing'the clutch ele- .
mounted, are three upwardly extending brackets
H, 'II, and“, through which run the shaft i4.’
25 The shaft I4 is driven indirectly by the motor,
3 by means of the sprocket wheel II. The sprock
et wheel drives ‘the sprocket chain it which in
turn drives the large sprocket wheel ‘ll’, car
ried bythe shaft "to which a gear train is con
30‘ nected. . In this ‘system the gear is on the shaft
‘
i‘l drives the gear 10 through the idler gear 20.‘
A vOn the shaft with the gear ity is a small gear 2i .
,
which drives a l
r gear 22 which in turn drives
through a further reduction system gear 23 and
35 ‘gear 24r The whole gear system including the
gears ll, I9, 20,- 2I, 22,13 and“ being a re
' ment 46 to move to the left, a projecting bar Bil, . -1
carried at the end I! of the fork element, comes
in contact with a roller 5| mounted on the le-,
ver and"; This lever arm 52 is pivoted in a H
forked bracket 53 mounted by machine bolts I4
to a part of the frame 85 formedas an extension
of the upright bracket 0. The lever arm .52 is ,
pivoted to- the forked bracket at 56 and carries‘
at vthe other end an adjustable stud '51 which is
adapted to come in contact with the projecting ;
stud or screw 58 attached ,to a\co1lar I! mounted
on and made fast to) the shaft l‘|'.-' Normally
a-spring ill between the collar 58 and the collar‘ 35
6| formed at the outside of the ‘groove 4| vof
the clutch element forces the clutch element .46
‘ ' shaft l4, ‘driven by the gear ‘24. The gear system’ _ into engagement with the cone 45 projecting,
is such that certain gears, principally, thegeaijs into it. hi this position the shaft i1’ and the
" 40 I9 and-20 may be interchanged with gearsof shaft II are rotated together. As the lever It
through the operation ofthe ,cam 28 ‘causes the
j ~other sizes to vary the operation of the mecha
nism. This makes it possible within a certain clutch element 46 to leave the surface of the cone
limited range to choose the :number of ‘turns {45, the end ‘projecting piece 50 forces the roller
that the windings are to have. If the control . ll of the lever 52 outward causing the adjustable '
4.5, shaft i4 is made to rotate faster as is the case stud 51 to go in the other direction towards the“ 45
in providing a lower-gear reduction ratio, then collar It. liven after. the elements 46 and 45 are
the complete operation of the mechanisingwill disengaged, the element‘ 4} continues to, move
take place in relatively fewer turns of the spindle ‘with weakened force, partly due to the inertia of
l1 and therefore acondenser of a fewer number the system and, partly due to the eifect of the
50 of turns will be-made. The gearing isshown drag spring 41 furnishing some power to the
duction system to obtain
for the‘control
, more in detail in Figure 9; than in Figures 1 and ' shaft H’ which continues to- move until the ‘pro
3. The shaft“ ashas been stated maybe called ' jecting‘stud N on the collar It comes up against
1
the control shaft. This shaft carries two large the adjustable pin I'I, whereupon the shaft l1"
camslland?aswellas'asmallercamilas comes abruptly to rest. ' Inthis position as will
‘ '68 indicated in1i‘lgure'3. ‘Ibis shaft alsoéarriu a be shown later, the mandrel 43 is'opened so that,
cam 2. and external of the support, ll, cams 20, it is ready to receive the sheets of paper and foil
, 3., ii and 82. The cam 2! is shown in perspective
preparatory to the next‘operation.
The shaft ‘
inFigure'iandin sectionlnFigureB. Thiscam
l4 as has been stated above also carries thecams
is' madewith a flat surfaceiexcept for a raised 2|, 2‘ and 21. ‘The cam'? is shown in Figures
Vim-portion is upon which the angel-arises. This ‘ 3, 4, 7 and Figures 13 to 18, inclusive; The cam
finger which is adjustable as indicated by the 2'! is formed with one large projection 62 as in-'- ‘
nut ii, is carried by a lever arm ll pivoted by dicated in Figures 13, to 18.- This cam is nor
the pln'l‘l in a bridge 3! extendingacross'from‘ mally rotated in a clockwise position as shown’
. the supporting frame I to thesupporting frame, .by'the arrow A. Above the cam 21 there rides
65. O. ,‘lhe lever II is forked at its upper end to the pin '03 which is at one end “of a bell-crank
\ form two prongs 3! extending on either side of lever i4 mounted on a bracket 65 which is in
the shaft l‘l. Each pronfcarries a pin 4. which . tegral with. the front bearing vI i ‘of'ithe sllDDOrté
extends into a groove; 4| of a clutch element 42-.‘ . ing bracket II. The lever 54 is‘ pivoted by'means
"Inc-purpose of" the clutch element 4l'is‘v‘to dis
‘ro‘ engage'the drive shaft 11‘ at one
at'the' opposite and carrying the spindle or man
‘ drel,4,l.' This mechanism is shown more clearly
‘in Figures 1a and,19. In Figure 19 it will be
vseen that the mandrel shaft comprises two 'parts
125 I1 and "f, the shaft I‘I being the drive shaft,
of the shaft 80 about which
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is wound a‘
_,spring ‘wire II placed‘ ?'lainst-thegframe II in, '70 f
such/a manner to hold theupper end "of the
lever “to the right as shown in
13.~The
spring 81 in this position holds the pin," against .. .
th cam 21.
The shaft H! as hasbeen stated
ca§ries the mandrel 43.‘
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2,119,445 '
dicated in Figures 13, 15, 16 and 17, comprises a
?xed jaw'89 and a pivoted jaw ‘I8. The pivoted
jaw ‘I8 is pinned to the back end of the ?xture
89 by the pin ‘II. At the back end of the jaw'18
5 there is a curved portion ‘I2’ which projects up
wards from ,the edge ‘of the ?xture ‘as shown
clearly'in Fig. 1'7. The arm>88 of the‘ lever 84
means of the spur gears 99 carried at the ends \
of the rollers 98. These gears are shown in Fig-'
ures 4 and 5 and act to pull down the shuttle
I88 in which the paper and foil is threaded. As
indicatedin Figure 2, the spur gears 99 are op
erated by the sprocket chain I8I driven from v
the sprocket g'ear I82.
This sprocket gear de
is formed at the end in two branches ‘I3 and V rives its power originally from the gear‘ 44 which
‘I4, which are themselves forked as ‘indicated
10 clearly in Figures 13, 15 and 171 The pin ‘I5 ex
tends into this forked element ‘I3 and ‘I4 and car;
ries a ‘collar ‘I8'which ?ts over the mandrel 43.
When therefore the collar ‘I8 is forced over to
the right as indicated in Figure 15, the‘ end_‘|2
the moveable half of the mandrel is forced
15 /of
downward and the movable jaw ‘I8 of the man
drel opens upward in the positionyshown in Fig
ure 15. When therefore the spring 81 forces the
lever arm 88 to swing clockwise as viewed in the
20 position in Figure 15, the mandrel opens to re
ceive the paper and aluminum foil. When, how
ever, the portion 82 of the cam 21 comes beneath
the pin 83, the arm 88 swings counterclockwise
as viewed from the position shown in Figure 13,
25 and not only does the mandrel close and remain
closed, but also the collar moves over the man
drel and in this motion ejects the winding that
may be on it. The extreme ‘position’ indicating
this operation is shown inFlgures 1'7 and 18. The '
30 two other mentioned cams of the system com
prise the cams 25 and 28. The cam 28 controls
the mechanism for releasing the tension upon the
foiland paper when the shuttle element, about
to be explained, is raised, and applying it for
35 drawing the shuttle element downward as viewed
from the position shown in Figure 4. The cam
25 controls the cutting of the paper and foil at
the proper time as will also be explained short
- ly. The cam 28 is‘ substantially circular in shape
40' except for a small indentation ‘II. The roller ‘I8
meshes with the gear I83 driving the shaft I84.
This shaft mounted at the side. of the frame
2 is rotated in side bracket bearings I85 and I88.
~ As indicated in Figure 2, there are provided two
sprocket chains MI and 188. IM as has been
explained drives the spur 99, while the chain
I88 drives the spur gear III, which in turn drives 15
the entire, group of rollers corresponding to the
roller I I8 driven by the spur gear II I. The driv
ing of the spur gears 99, ‘H2, H3, H4, H5 and
H8 operate the pair of rollers to return they
shuttle I88 to its lowest position. - The spur gears 20
III, H8’, H1, H8, H9 and I28 are driven inter
mittently as will be explained later. Actually the
spur gears 99, H2, H3, H4, H5 and H8 are rotated
continuously,hbut only act to drive the shuttle
down when the pair of rollers are forced against 25
one another.
This action occurs when the cam
28 occupies a de?nite position as will be later
described. The shaft I84 mentioned above drives‘
continuously the spur gear I82.
As noted in Figure 1 just beyondthe bearing 30
‘I88, there is provided a spring I2I vwhich keeps
the sprocket gear I22'out of engagement with'the
shaft I84, so that the sprocket gear I22 rotates
intermittently through the clutch drive I23, This
clutch drive is'indicated more clearly in perspec 35.
tive in Figure 'I and is operated through the raised
- (portion I24 on the cam 28 by means of the lever ,
arm I25 which is pivoted toa bracket I28 extend
ing from the frame 9.. The pivot is seen at;I2'I in
Figure 7. When the arm I25 comes above the 40,
' carried by the arm ‘I9 which forms a part of the
raised portion .of the?cam' 28, the clutch I23 is
hub 88 pivoted concentric with the spindle shaft
II’, but not attached to it, controls the ‘movement
moved to the right as shown in Figure 'I and the
of the arm -8I which is also formed as a rigid ele.
45 ment extending from'the hub 88. ‘The arm 8I
gear I22 as well as the sprocket gear I82 which
carries at its end 82 a rigid rod 83 on which are _
mounted .a number of collars 84 ?xed v‘by set
screws 85 in desired positions. The rigid rod 83
alsov passes through the center of the collars 88.
50. These collars 88 are at the ends of the levers 81
and are pivoted as indicated in Figures 5 and 6
to ‘the shaft 88 mounted in abearing bracket 89
attached rigidly to the frame or the base 98. The
v ' I
shaft I84 in this position drives the sprocket
as has been stated is rotated continuously since 45
it is permanently connected to the shaft I84. The
sprocket chain I8I as has been stated, drives
the sprocket gear 99; which as is seen in Figure
2 and Figure ,4‘drives the rubber roller 98. 'Whep
the lever 81 presses the second roller 93 against
the roller 98 through the action of the vspring 91
at that instant the shuttle I88 is drawn down
ward.
shaft 88 carries at its free end an arm9 l , the lower” ~ '
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There are provided six pairs of rollers I28 and
I29, I38 and I3I,j I82 and I33, I34 and I35, I38 55
end ‘of which is provided with ‘a pin 92 which ex
tends‘ to the arm 8L and which carries-the rubber _ and I31. The spur gear II 2 is driven from the ‘
roller 93. As indicated in Figure 5,‘ the bracket spur gear 99v and at a speed lower than the spur .
89 is formed with .a base 94 and a parallel brack
gear 99.
The spur gears H3 and I“ are- driven ' '
at the same speed but faster than the spur gear
“2.? The spur gear _I I5 is driven slower than H3
98 which may butt against the roller 93 ~because ,' and I I4 and the gear -I I8 ‘is driven faster than
of the pressure of the spring 91.’ This spring is either H3, H4, or _I I5. The result is therefore
fastened to the ?xed shaft 89 and presses against that the shuttles between the rollers 98 and 93
7 a piece 98 set between the arm 81 .and the arm and between the rollers I38 and?l3l, I32 and I33,
65 '9I, thus forcing the roller 93 against the roller I I 38 and I3'I, advance more rapidly than those 65
98. When the arm, as shown in the position “of shuttles driven by' the rollers I28 and I29; I34
Figure 5 is moved counter clockwise, the collars‘v and I35. Asthe shuttles come down to their end
84 come against the collars 88 carried‘ at the low-' positions‘all of the shuttles are lined up together,
each shuttle having a Uv shaped" opening I38. "As
,er end of the levers 81 and separate the two roll
70 ers. This occurs “normally at all times. except‘ indicated in Figure 10, this U shaped opening is 70
when the roller at theendof the arm‘ ‘I9 drops made, longer in the shuttles that move faster.
into the recess ‘II in the cam- 28. For this short The shuttles that'move faster are the>paper shut
time the rollers 93 and 98', which may be of rub-_ ,' tles or the shuttles in which the paper is drawn
her or any other suitable friction material, come downward and the adjustment ofthesize of the
75 ‘in contact with one another and are rotated by’ U shaped opening I38 and the length'of'the shut 75
‘ et element. 95. . Between the element 95 ‘and the
60 lower part of 89 there is pivoted a second roller
"4.
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edges of the foil. - The shuttles are drawn down
justed by rotating or moving the cylindrical body
I" in which the bearing edge is formed. The
of ‘the lever arm 19 shown in Figure 5 falls in the '
end of the shuttle.
ties are such that the paper extends beyond the
ward at times when the six, pairs of rollers <mesh . action of the plate I66 is such as to sweep the
together. This occurs when the roller at the end knife edge against‘the bearing just beyond the
low part 11 of the cam 26. At this moment the
arm 9| carrying the curved rod 93 is released'and
the spring 91 forces the freely sustained elements
againstthe ?xed rollers.‘ While the cam 26 re
10 mains in this position, the shuttles are drawn
downward. , Initially the shuttles are‘po'sitioned
just above the cutting knives I99, I46, III, I42,
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~ The knives I99 are set in the plate I59 in
the perforations ISl-and held in place by the lock ,
'bolts I69. These knives may _be removed and
replacedv or sharpened when they becomezdull.
Theejecting mechanism for ejecting the windings 10
when completed has already been explained in .
connection with Figures 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18.
I49 and I“ as indicatedin Figure 2 and Figure 4. After one winding has been ejected, the mandrel
The shuttle Ill comprises two metal strips 145 ‘assumes an open position asthe pin 63 falls into
15 and I46 which may be joined at one long side but the recess I66 in the cam' 21. This happens im
are opened at the top and bottom. ,The material mediately .upon the ejection of the previous wind
of the shuttle is preferably made of spring steel ing. The- mandrel is'in the position in’this.v
and suiiiciently ?exible so that the sides betweenv case as shown in Figure 4. The next operation is
which the ‘normal foil or paper is inserted, may‘ the feeding and the winding of the foil and paper
be pressed together by the pressure of the springs by- the downward motion of their respective 20'
91 forcing the rubber rolls against one ‘another. shuttles IIIII to the place where the slots I38 be
At the top of the shuttle there is provided a - comealigned with the ?ngers I6I and I62 as
indicated in Figure 4. These ?ngers are ‘pivoted .
?exible strip Ill which is made ?xed to the shut
tle atone end and to rollers at the other end. I by the shaft I63 held by the frame arm III. The
This is indicated in Figure 4, where the strip I41 . lower end of the fingers are tensioned by means of 25
is made fast to the cylinder I I9 driven ‘by the spur aspring I64. The ?ngers I6I, I62 are thereforev
gear III. The shuttle is also provided with a formed as clamping jaws and it will be noted
small extending hook I09 which comes in 'con-_ theyare operated from their lower ends. through
tact with a pin I49 extending from the bearing ‘the arms I65 and I66.respectively. Formed 'as
housing I49 through which the roller or cylinder a part of the jaws I6I and I62 from :each arm_I65
III is supported and rotated.. It will be noted . and I66, there projects atlthe end a pin »I6'I
'that the spur‘ gears H6, H1, “9, move at sub-'. and I66.
stantially the same speeds, whereas III moves
faster, “9 slower and I20 faster. This-corre
sponds substantially withlthe manner in :which
the shuttles are driven downward and completes
The movements oflthe arms are con- '
trolled by the cams 29 and 39 moving against
the pins I66 and I6‘! respectively. The cams 29
is exposed. 'Ihe,rollers_returning, the shuttles
I96 as has been stated, are operated intermittent
and 99 as viewed in Figure 4 rotate in a counter 35
clockwise direction. _ In ‘Figure ‘4, the jaws are
shown in an open sition. When the projection
I69 of thecam, 3 .comes to the right of the pin
I61, the projecti
I‘IIlof the cam 29 is also at
the right of the p n I66’,v The slow movement of .40
shown in Figure 4, the knives ‘I99; I40, Ill, I92,
same counterclockwise rotation. These jaws re
the proper cycle for furnishing the paper and
foil to the mandrel in such'a manner that no foil
1y. . This obcurs when‘the lever arm I25, as has the cams '29 and 39 in these positions rapidly force
been stated, comes above the raised surface .I24 ' apart from one-another-gthe pins I61 and I68 and
_' of the cam 20. In‘ this position all of'the' rollers ' therefore bring together the jaws or ‘fingers I6I
III are moved and the shuttles drawn upward to, and I62 in a position-aligned with the U shaped
the position shown in‘ Figure 4. At this time the slot I39 in the shuttles Hill. It will be noted in
‘rollers 96 and 98 are of course parted,'the end this respect that ‘the projection I69 is convex-on
19 ofthe lever arm '19, beingaway from the low top and therefore as the pin I6‘I rides, over it,
portion 11 of the cam 26.‘ After the condenser the pin is actually moved to the right while the
windings have been made as‘ will 'be explained _ ,pin I69 is moved to the left. Both projections,
later, and while the shuttle is in the position' however, continue to move to the right in'the
I" and I“. are simultaneously operated.
The
Too
main closed until the pin or arm 63 of thev bell
operation of the knives ‘occurs simultaneously crank lever 64 rises off the depression I66 in the
through the action of thelplate I69; ' Each knife
is attached and projects into the plate I66. The
plate I69 is supported on the shuttle I'I".about
cam 21 as‘ indicated in a position shown in Fig
ures 13 and 14.‘ When the'pin 63 assumes this 65
position the shuttles I96 have already been raised,
which it is free to move. ' Thelower end of the ' so that the mandrel when it closes; closes only ‘
plate I59 has extending therefrom an arm IBI at
I - the end of which is a roller bearing I62,which
bears against the cam 26. The'cam 26 is.pro-'
vided with a projecting raised portion In which‘
as shown in Figure .5, throws the arm carrying
over the paper and foil held fast by the closed
jaws IN and I62. As the mandrel closes, the
jaws I6I and I62 snap open so that the foil and
paper is not 'held below the'mandrel when it'
begins to turn." During this operation, the vjaws
of the mandrel remain'stationary in a position
'top of the plate III as viewed in Figure 5 to the . with the opening aligned perpendicularly in- the
65
left. The knives, I39, I“, Ill, I42, Ill and I“ ' direction of the shuttle. ,After the mandrel has
are positioned normally as indicated in Figures 2 closed, and the shuttle withdrawn. and also after
and 4 with the plate‘ portion-facing towards the 'the jaws __I9I and I62 have opened,v the clutch"
, right and just beyond the slots in- the frame In ‘mechanism described previously allows the
where the shuttles pass. The knives are formed mandrel to be turned by the shaft I1, and the
of ‘two parts, the cutting plates which, have ‘winding of ‘the condenser element begins. This,
"I62 outward to the right,'therefo_re moving the
already been ‘named. I99, I46, IlI, I42, I49 and
I“, and the bearing edges I" which are held in
.the framell" in a cylindrical perforation in thev
frame by-means of thescrews I66. Theposition
of the
_.
continues until the winding has accumulated the
desired number of turns which is adjusted by the
proper choice of the gears. shown in Figure 9.
The choice of gears may be varied since their
edge lillhmay be properly‘adg _ relative position maybe varied by the arm ‘Ill
.7
,1
.4. ,
5
9,119 445
carrying the gear Nib The gears 2i and I9 may . mediately returned to the depression I00 and. ‘
the-mandrel‘is opened in a horizontal position
ready to receive the paper andthe foil for the
new winding. The shuttles I00. in which the pa
be mounted in any desired position in the slot I12
depending upon the proper'choice of gear size to
produce the desired ratio of turns ofthe mandrel
shaft with that of the control mechanism.
As will be clearly understood from-the descrip
per and foil from the rolls 1 at the top of the
frame 6 are threaded normally in. the position in
dicated in Figure 4. At the time that the man
tion of the mechanism above, one complete rota
tion of the cam shaft I4 corresponds to the com
pletion .of one- windingJ The operation of the
drelis opened the rollers 96 and 93, shown more
.clearly in Figure 6 and the other corresponding
cam shaft I4. The winding of the condenser
foil and paper on the mandrel will continue until
' recess 'I'I v in the cam 26.
rollers are brought together by means of the roll
10 mechanism is repeated with each rotation of the '
er'18, at the end of the arm 19 dropping into the
the protrusion I13 on the cam 28 comes beneath
the ?nger 30 @of the clutch lever 30. When this
" 15
occurs the shaft ‘I'I driving the mandrel 43 is '
freed and the winding comes to a stop. when
the winding has ceased, the projection I53v on the
cam 25 moves the knife plate I50 and the knives
as viewed in Figure 2 move to the right cutting,
20 off the foil and paper. This is quite a rapid
"operation and the ?nger 30 soon passes beyond
the projection I13 allowing the shaft I‘! to drive
again the mandrel shaft'l‘i' and wind up the loose
ends of the condenser winding. The mechanism
of sealing not previously described then comes
into play.
_
.
g
'
This brings downward‘
the shuttles in their proper speeds and to the po
sition where the jaws IGI and I'GT-may grasp all
of the foil and paper by coming together in the 15~
U shaped opening of the shuttle slots. , The rolls
96 and 03 are immediately released when the
shuttles have reached their lower position and
as soon as the jaws I61 and I62 have grasped the.
paper and foil, the rollers I I0 are operated carry‘-v
ing upwards or returning the shuttles I00 to the,
position indicated in Fig. 4. The mandrel is then
closed by the pin 03 rising out of the depression
I60. The jaws IGII, I62, following‘ this are opened
and their the shafts I7 and I 'I' are again con
25
nected so that the mandrel is rotated for wind
ing up the next winding. .The machine is ca
pable of producing condenser windings of a size
Mounted on an extension of the frame I0 is a / depending upon the width vof the paper and foil 30
30 small glue-pot I14, and above this at the left is that the machine normally carries. The number
The mechanism is shown in Figure 2, Figure 7
and Figure 8.
-
>
. mounted a- small pulley I15 which is rotatably
mounted with a shaft‘l'i?carrying the glue brush
1'". That is, the shaft I18 and the brush I'I‘I
turn with the pulley I15. A spring is provided
at one end of the shaft'to keep the brush inv the
position shown in Figure 2., A line I18 is wound
about ‘the pulley ms to which it is also attached
> of turns may be determined solely by the proper
choice of gears as has been explained above and
condenser windings of from‘ 50 to 60 turns have
been made in the present type. of machine'herein
described. These condenser windings may‘ be _
rapidly made and 'the machine of‘the present
invention is capable of turning out‘from. at least
at one end, while the other end is attached to 13,000 to 10,000 such windings per normal day. > ‘ ,
Without further enumerating the variations
the arm I 80. The arm' I80 has a projecting ?nger
I8I , which is held in contact with the .cam 32 by; that the present embodiment might take, and 40
‘means of the spring I82. The arm I00 is piv
otcd at the ‘base bythe pivot I03. The other
end'of the spring mentioned above-is attached
without limitation to the exact embodiment de
scribed above,‘ I new claim "as my invention:
~ 1. Iii a machine for automatically making con- '
to a second arm I84 which also is pivoted with an
denser windings, means for feeding the paper and
on the cam 32 throws over the arm I00 t0$1lh6
mandrel, clamping means positioned below said
upwardly projecting ?nger I05 .which is held in ’ foilv including shuttle means formed of spring 45
position against the cam 3|. The projection I06 metal in which paper and foil are‘ advanced, a
right, thus‘ raising the ‘glue brush I11 against ' mandrel and in line with said shuttle for grasp- _
the condenser winding on the mandrel. Shortly ing vthe paper and foiinin said shuttle, said man
60
50 after-this occurs, the projection I05 comes in , ' drel being split and means for opening and clos
v the depression in the cam 31, thus allowing the ing the sameto hold and turn said paper and
oil.
’
‘ roller I01 carried at the end of the arm~l0l to
2. In a machine for making‘ automatically con
press against the condenser windings. This com
pletes the sealing operation and shortly after this
occurs the finger v34 again comes under therraised
denser windings, 'a drive shaft, a mandrelshaft
including a. mandrel and means for coupling said
portion 33 on the: cam 28 bringing the mandrel shaftstogether, including -means providing a
to'rest with the mandrel in a horizontal position, weaker friction drive as the'shafts become un
that is the split between the mandrel halves is -_coupled and means operated thereafter to bring
" lined perpendicularly upward in the direction of the mandrel ‘shaftwto rest in a- desired position.
3. In a machine for-making automatically con
60 the center shuttle. The mandrel is brought to
a stop in the exact position by means of the denser windings, a mandrel shaft having a man
mechanism shown-more particularly ,in Figure drel formed of two parts, onev pivoted adjacent
‘I9. This is accomplished by means of the stop the other, ‘and having a projecting end, a collar
nut 58‘ which comes in contact with the' head of .positioned over said mandrel, and means includé
the set screw 51 as the clutch releases the shaft ing a cam‘for moving said collar in’ positions at
‘L’ from the shaft II. The shaft I'l' continues the free end of the mandrel, at the end having“
to turn on account, of the action of the drag the projection, and in a position between.
spring until the head of the bolt 50 comes in con ‘ , 4. In a machine for making automatically con
tact with the‘ projection of the set screw 51:‘ This denser windings, means for winmdingautomatlcal
70 stops the mandrel in the position above- described. ly paper andlfoil on a mandrel, ‘means for stop
The next operation isthat-of removing the con
ping said mandrel for cutting the foil’ and paper,
ejected when the pin 63 has risen to the top of the
stopping the mandrel when the sealing is com
‘denser'winding and this occurs as is shown in . mean's\for continuing the windingto wind the cut
. Figures 13 to 18, the winding being completely} ends, means for sealing .the same and means for
.75 ‘projection 62 of the cam 21. The pin 03 is im
pleted.
'
.
6).
feeding the foil and paper comprising a guide‘
5. In a machine for making automatically con
denser windings, means for winding automat
having a shuttle therein comprising two spring
surfaces at eachside of saidpaper and means
providing an opening at the lower part of said
shuttle for grasping the paper and foil within the
ically paper andv foil on‘a mandrel, means for
‘stopping said mandrel for cutting the foil ,and
paper, means for continuing the winding to wind
the cut ends, means for sealing the same, means
for stopping the mandrel when the sealing is
_ shuttle.
10/. In "a machine .for- 'auto_matlcally making
condenserwindings, a frame having spindles for
threading the new winding while said mandrel ‘ holding rolls of foil and paper spaced substan
- complete and means for ejecting the winding and
10 is at rest.
. tially radially from a central assembly point? a .
.~
plurality of ‘guides, means for drawing the ‘foil _
6. In a machine for making automatically con
denser windings, a frame, means for supporting a and paperthrough the guides to thefmandrel
means, means for retracting the drawing means,
' a plurality of paper rolls on said frame, a plu
rality of guides, each of said guide‘s being pro
vided'with _a shuttle, means including said shut
tles for feeding the material from said ‘rolls to a
central point, a mandrel positioned at said central
point and means. positioned below the mandrel
for grasping‘the material in said shuttles and -
means for grasping the ends of the foil and paper, '
and mandrel means for winding the same.
11. In a machine for automatically making I
condenser windings, in combination means for
feeding foil and paper of a plurality ofrolls of.
the same to a central point, a mandrel positioned
means for returning said shuttles to a__'normal ‘ at said central point, said mandrel having one
position.
.
7. In a machine for making automatically con
denser windings, .a frame, means for mounting
rolls of foil and paper at points'near the top of,
25 said- frame, means for threading said foil and
~ paper to a central point including a plurality-of
shuttles substantially enclosing said paper and
stationary part and one pivoted part, the piv
oted part having aportion adapted to fold with
20
the stationary part and an extending arm at the
other end thereof, a collar positioned over ‘said
mandrel substantially at the point of pivot._means 25
for moving said collar longitudinally of said man
drel whereby thewinding is ejected when the '
collar is moved in one direction "and the mandrel
means for suspending said vshuttles normally in -is opened when the collar is moved in the other"
3.0
30 the upper part of said guiding means, a plurality.
of knives positioned at various points below the . ' 12. In a machine 101$ automatically ‘making
condenser windings in combination means for
normal position 'of the-shuttles, means,for oper
ating said’shuttles tobring them together at a feeding a plurality of rolls of foil and paper to a
central point, said means comprising a frame
central point, a mandrel positioned‘at said cen
having
a vplurality ,of guiding members, means 35
tral
point
and
means
for
grasping
the
paper
and
35
foil in said shuttles and means allowing said for moving said. foil in said guiding members
‘ ' and a plurality of cutting edges each positioned in
shuttlesto return to their‘normal position. '
said frame at correspondingly different points ‘in '
8a In a machine for making automatically con
denserwwindingsra frame, means for mounting said guiding means corresponding to di?erent dis
rolls of‘ foil and paper at points near the top tances from said central point and means singly 40
of said frame, means for threading said foil and ' operative for operating said several cutting means
'
paper to a central point including a plurality of for severing said foil and paper.
~ 13. In a machine for automatically making
guides, a spring shuttle provided in each .of said
guides substantially surrounding said foil and condenser windings in combination, a frame hav- ' I.
paper, means for exerting pressure on the outside - ing a plurality of substantial radial guides for 45
of said shuttle to grasp said foil and paper and guiding strips of foil and paper to a central point,
apair of cutting knives positioned across said
to advance simultaneously said shuttles to a cen
»tral position, means provided at the central posi ' guides, means holding one set of saidknives in a
?xed position and means operative to move the
tion for grasping the paper and foil in said shut
tlesand means for'returning- the shuttles to their other set of said knives‘to sever-saidfoil and 50
_ foil, guiding means for guiding said shuttles,
direction.
normal. position.
‘
.
Y
.
9. In a machine for making automatically
condenser ‘windings, a shuttle mechanism for
paper.
-
,
.
-'
'
GEO. W.
~
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~
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