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Патент USA US2119512

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June 7, 1938.
'
|_. c. PESKIN ET AL
. 2,119,512
RAIL FASTENING.
'
-F'iled Oct. 31, 1936
H41.
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LEON?ED c‘. PEEK/N M
H?El/EY E. E/CE.
2,119,512
Patented June 7, 1938
I . ‘UNITED
PATENT OFFICE
STATES
2,119,512
mm. FASTENING
Leonard C. Peskin and Harvey 8. Rice, Worces-I
_ , ter, Mala, assignors to The American ,Steel and
' "
.
Wire Company of New Jersey, a corporation of
New Jersey
Application October 31, 1936, Serial No. 108,668
'
4 Claims.
'--(01. 238-349)
This invention relates to rail fastenings, and is
of spikes.
respectively press downwardly on the top of the
tie-plate ordinarily carrying this rail. Such a
clip usually functions as a cantilever spring
whereby the pressure that it can apply to the top
of the base of the rail is limited. The present
'10 invention is intended to provide for the appli
cation of greater pressure to the top of the base
' ,
Figure 1 is a plan of a rail fastening embodying
‘the features of the present invention.
'
1
Figures 3' through 5 are, respectively, plan.
elevation and perspective :views of details.
'
Y
A tie-plate I of the usual construction, having
25
spike holes 2, carries the rail 3 to be fastened.
The holes 2 are, of course, formed, 'at least in
some instances, so as to be at least adjacent the
edge of the base of the rail 2.
_
-
The clip 4 is made of spring metal and is of an
30
_
.
_
V
-
ID, a washer H is inserted between this nut and ‘
clip, while retaining the simplicity resulting from
the. use of the latter. The fastener constructed‘
15 according to the principles of the present inven
tion possesses other advantages which will be
come apparent from the following.
An example of the invention is illustrated by
-
.
the clip. This washer is in the form of a ?at 10
rectangle having an opening l2 that ?ts the rec
of the rail than is possible in the case of such a .
Figure 2-is-a cross-section.
_
A nut I0 is provided for the bolt 1, this nut
being adapted to be screwed upon the threaded
end 9 of the latter. ‘Because of the position of
the opening 8, this applies pressure to the mid
portion of the arched clip 4.
As a safeguard against loosening‘ of the nut
5 base of the rail‘ to be fastened and the top of the
the accompanying drawing, in which:
.
'
be used to fasten the ‘plate to the tie by means
particularly concerned with that type utilizing a
spring metal rail-clip having its ends arranged to
20
'
elongated ,U'-shaped form. It is particularly
characterized by being arched continuously
throughout its length. That is/to say, no por
tion of the clip is straight or reversely curved so
35 as to function as a cantilever spring, the idea
being that the clip should function as an arch
tangular shank of the bolt 1 and depending
?anges I! that embrace the edges of the offsets
5 in the legs of the clip 4'. Furthermore, a rib I4
is formed in the top of this washer while a cor 15
respondingly shaped depression I5 is formed in
the bottom of the hut 10. The rib l4 and de-'
pression II are constructed to provide rounded
surfaces whereby forceful turning of the nut It
can cause disengagement of this rib and recess 20'
upon springing of the clip 4.
>
' When a wheel passes over the rail 3‘ in such a
manner as to cause upward de?ection of. the lat
ter, both ‘ends of the clip 4 exert a springing
action. If necessary‘. the bolt 1 can pivot slightly 25
about its hooked end Q to equalize the stresses
involved. It is obvious that there is no danger
of the nut l0 becoming loose in service. Finally,
due to the arched construction of the clip 4 and
the central application of the pressure to this 30
‘clip, more pressure can be applied to the top of
the base of the rail 3 than can be done by means
of a spring clip functioning as a cantilever spring.
It is taken for granted that the reader will un
derstand that the hooked end 8 of the bolt ‘I can
be accommodated by slightly notching the top
of the tie beneath the plate I.
whereby both its ends must spring when either
We claim:
'
_ ~
~
is stressed. The legs of this clip are outwardly 1. A rail fastening including a tie-plate for car
offset, as at 5, to provide) a rectangular opening ‘ rying the rail to be fastened and in which a hole is 40
6.
The
clip-is
shown
with
its
closed
end
resting
40
formed so as to be at least adjacent the edge of
on the top of the tie-plate, but-this isfmerely for ‘the base of said rail, an elongated U-shaped
If desired, wedges or bear
.spring metal rail clip ‘that is arched throughout
ing plates may be inserted between the ends of its length and has its legs offset outwardly at
the clip and the elements against which they least- adjacent its middle to provide a rectangular 45
opening, one end of said clip being adapted to
Pressure is applied to the top of the clip 4 by a press downwardly on the top of the base of said
bolt 1 having a hooked end 8 which may be ‘in
rail and its other end being adapted to press
serted through one of the ‘spike holes 2 and downwardly on ‘the top of said plate, a bolt hav
hooked beneath the bottom of the plate 1. This ing a hooked lower end adapted to be.inserted 50
bolt has a threaded'end 9 and its shank is rec- - .through said hole and hooked into engagement
tangular so as to fittheopening 6 provided by
; illustrative purposes.
press.
so
'
__
_
-
.the o?sets 5 in the legs of the clip 4.
The end
with said plate, said bolt having a threaded upper
end and a rectangular‘ shank adapted to ?t
8 may be made so that a conventional tie-plate ' ~ through said opening of said clip. a nut for said
may be used, it being remembered that four spike
55 holes are ordinarily provided whereby two' may
upper end of said bolt and a ?at washer for in
2
2,119,512
- sertion between said clip and said nut and having
?anges adapted to embrace the outside of the
legs of said clip, the adjacent surfaces of said
nut and said washer providing inter?tting pro
jectlons and depressions which can be disengaged
_ ‘upon forced rotation of said not and springing of
said clip.
2. A rail fastening including an elongated up
wardly arched U-shaped spring metal clip for
carrying the rail to ‘be fastened and in which a
hole is formed so as to be- at least adjacent the
edge of the base of said rail, an elongated up
wardly arched. U-shaped spring metal rail clip
that has its legs offset outwardly to provide a fee
tangular opening, one end of said clip being'
adapted to press downwardly on the top of the
base of said rail and its other end being‘ adapted
vide a fastening element passage and a fastening
to press downwardly on the top of said plate, a
bolt having a lower end adapted to be inserted 10'
through said hole in engagement with said plate, _
said bolt having a threaded upper end and a rec
element adapted to pass through said passage
and apply downward pressure on said clip.
15
3. A rail fastening including an elongated up-I
tangular shank adapted‘to ?t through said open
ing of said clip, a nut for said upper end of said
bolt and a ?at washer for insertion between said 15
10 holding a rail down on suitable support and hav
ing its legs offset outwardly at one portion to pro
ward'ly arched U-shaped spring metal clip for
holding a rail down on suitable support and hav
ing its legs offset outwardly at one portion to pro
vide a fastening element passage and a fastening
20
element adapted'to pass through ‘said passage
and applydownward pressure on said clip, said
fastening element havingva non-circular shank
portion and said passage provided by. said o?set
legs being shaped to fit said shank portion.
4. A rail fastening including a tie-plate for
clip and said nut and having, ?anges'adapted to
embrace the outside of the legs of said clip, the
adjacent surfaces of said nut and-said washer
providing interfltting projections and depressions
which can be disengaged upon forced rotation of 20
said nut and springing of said clip.
LEONARD c. 'PESKIN. ‘
HARVEY R. RICE.
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