Патент USA US2119512код для вставки
June 7, 1938. ' |_. c. PESKIN ET AL . 2,119,512 RAIL FASTENING. ' -F'iled Oct. 31, 1936 H41. a l ! " [mm/5507's." LEON?ED c‘. PEEK/N M H?El/EY E. E/CE. 2,119,512 Patented June 7, 1938 I . ‘UNITED PATENT OFFICE STATES 2,119,512 mm. FASTENING Leonard C. Peskin and Harvey 8. Rice, Worces-I _ , ter, Mala, assignors to The American ,Steel and ' " . Wire Company of New Jersey, a corporation of New Jersey Application October 31, 1936, Serial No. 108,668 ' 4 Claims. '--(01. 238-349) This invention relates to rail fastenings, and is of spikes. respectively press downwardly on the top of the tie-plate ordinarily carrying this rail. Such a clip usually functions as a cantilever spring whereby the pressure that it can apply to the top of the base of the rail is limited. The present '10 invention is intended to provide for the appli cation of greater pressure to the top of the base ' , Figure 1 is a plan of a rail fastening embodying ‘the features of the present invention. ' 1 Figures 3' through 5 are, respectively, plan. elevation and perspective :views of details. ' Y A tie-plate I of the usual construction, having 25 spike holes 2, carries the rail 3 to be fastened. The holes 2 are, of course, formed, 'at least in some instances, so as to be at least adjacent the edge of the base of the rail 2. _ - The clip 4 is made of spring metal and is of an 30 _ . _ V - ID, a washer H is inserted between this nut and ‘ clip, while retaining the simplicity resulting from the. use of the latter. The fastener constructed‘ 15 according to the principles of the present inven tion possesses other advantages which will be come apparent from the following. An example of the invention is illustrated by - . the clip. This washer is in the form of a ?at 10 rectangle having an opening l2 that ?ts the rec of the rail than is possible in the case of such a . Figure 2-is-a cross-section. _ A nut I0 is provided for the bolt 1, this nut being adapted to be screwed upon the threaded end 9 of the latter. ‘Because of the position of the opening 8, this applies pressure to the mid portion of the arched clip 4. As a safeguard against loosening‘ of the nut 5 base of the rail‘ to be fastened and the top of the the accompanying drawing, in which: . ' be used to fasten the ‘plate to the tie by means particularly concerned with that type utilizing a spring metal rail-clip having its ends arranged to 20 ' elongated ,U'-shaped form. It is particularly characterized by being arched continuously throughout its length. That is/to say, no por tion of the clip is straight or reversely curved so 35 as to function as a cantilever spring, the idea being that the clip should function as an arch tangular shank of the bolt 1 and depending ?anges I! that embrace the edges of the offsets 5 in the legs of the clip 4'. Furthermore, a rib I4 is formed in the top of this washer while a cor 15 respondingly shaped depression I5 is formed in the bottom of the hut 10. The rib l4 and de-' pression II are constructed to provide rounded surfaces whereby forceful turning of the nut It can cause disengagement of this rib and recess 20' upon springing of the clip 4. > ' When a wheel passes over the rail 3‘ in such a manner as to cause upward de?ection of. the lat ter, both ‘ends of the clip 4 exert a springing action. If necessary‘. the bolt 1 can pivot slightly 25 about its hooked end Q to equalize the stresses involved. It is obvious that there is no danger of the nut l0 becoming loose in service. Finally, due to the arched construction of the clip 4 and the central application of the pressure to this 30 ‘clip, more pressure can be applied to the top of the base of the rail 3 than can be done by means of a spring clip functioning as a cantilever spring. It is taken for granted that the reader will un derstand that the hooked end 8 of the bolt ‘I can be accommodated by slightly notching the top of the tie beneath the plate I. whereby both its ends must spring when either We claim: ' _ ~ ~ is stressed. The legs of this clip are outwardly 1. A rail fastening including a tie-plate for car offset, as at 5, to provide) a rectangular opening ‘ rying the rail to be fastened and in which a hole is 40 6. The clip-is shown with its closed end resting 40 formed so as to be at least adjacent the edge of on the top of the tie-plate, but-this isfmerely for ‘the base of said rail, an elongated U-shaped If desired, wedges or bear .spring metal rail clip ‘that is arched throughout ing plates may be inserted between the ends of its length and has its legs offset outwardly at the clip and the elements against which they least- adjacent its middle to provide a rectangular 45 opening, one end of said clip being adapted to Pressure is applied to the top of the clip 4 by a press downwardly on the top of the base of said bolt 1 having a hooked end 8 which may be ‘in rail and its other end being adapted to press serted through one of the ‘spike holes 2 and downwardly on ‘the top of said plate, a bolt hav hooked beneath the bottom of the plate 1. This ing a hooked lower end adapted to be.inserted 50 bolt has a threaded'end 9 and its shank is rec- - .through said hole and hooked into engagement tangular so as to fittheopening 6 provided by ; illustrative purposes. press. so ' __ _ - .the o?sets 5 in the legs of the clip 4. The end with said plate, said bolt having a threaded upper end and a rectangular‘ shank adapted to ?t 8 may be made so that a conventional tie-plate ' ~ through said opening of said clip. a nut for said may be used, it being remembered that four spike 55 holes are ordinarily provided whereby two' may upper end of said bolt and a ?at washer for in 2 2,119,512 - sertion between said clip and said nut and having ?anges adapted to embrace the outside of the legs of said clip, the adjacent surfaces of said nut and said washer providing inter?tting pro jectlons and depressions which can be disengaged _ ‘upon forced rotation of said not and springing of said clip. 2. A rail fastening including an elongated up wardly arched U-shaped spring metal clip for carrying the rail to ‘be fastened and in which a hole is formed so as to be- at least adjacent the edge of the base of said rail, an elongated up wardly arched. U-shaped spring metal rail clip that has its legs offset outwardly to provide a fee tangular opening, one end of said clip being' adapted to press downwardly on the top of the base of said rail and its other end being‘ adapted vide a fastening element passage and a fastening to press downwardly on the top of said plate, a bolt having a lower end adapted to be inserted 10' through said hole in engagement with said plate, _ said bolt having a threaded upper end and a rec element adapted to pass through said passage and apply downward pressure on said clip. 15 3. A rail fastening including an elongated up-I tangular shank adapted‘to ?t through said open ing of said clip, a nut for said upper end of said bolt and a ?at washer for insertion between said 15 10 holding a rail down on suitable support and hav ing its legs offset outwardly at one portion to pro ward'ly arched U-shaped spring metal clip for holding a rail down on suitable support and hav ing its legs offset outwardly at one portion to pro vide a fastening element passage and a fastening 20 element adapted'to pass through ‘said passage and applydownward pressure on said clip, said fastening element havingva non-circular shank portion and said passage provided by. said o?set legs being shaped to fit said shank portion. 4. A rail fastening including a tie-plate for clip and said nut and having, ?anges'adapted to embrace the outside of the legs of said clip, the adjacent surfaces of said nut and-said washer providing interfltting projections and depressions which can be disengaged upon forced rotation of 20 said nut and springing of said clip. LEONARD c. 'PESKIN. ‘ HARVEY R. RICE.