Патент USA US2119539код для вставки
June 7, 1938. M. J. HOFFMAN 2,119,539 PRINTING MECHANISM Filed Dec. 5, 1936 mi«N@mnmmw«u J 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 June 7, 1938. 2,119,539 M. J, HOFFMAN PRINTING MECHANISM Filed Dec. 5, 1936 N. w Q Y June 7, 1938. 2,119,539 M. J. HOFFMAN PRINTING MECHANISM Filed DeC. 5, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 @ß 2,119,539 Patented June 7, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ' 2,119, 539 PRINTING MECHANISM Morris J. Hoffman, Chicago, Ill. _ Application December 5, 1936, Serial No. 114,419 12 Claims. (Cl. 101-93) This invention relates to printing mechanism which the type mechanism is contained, and Il and in its present form it has been designed to designates a cover which is hinged to the base by print data of various kinds on coupon tickets, hinges I2 and is arranged to'be locked or other such as are used for keeping record of workmen’s wise secured thereto by pins or other locking 5 5 time on wearing apparel or other articles off,... means I3. manufacture. f "d are a multiplicity of spaced liners I4, which are rows of coupons which are detachable from the spaced apart by washers I5 (see Fig. 2) and tied together by rods I1 extending through the liners remainder of the ticket, and each coupon bears data concerning the Work done by the workmen upon the goods. Sometimes the data consists of the lot orl job number, the price paid to the sev eral workmen for labor performed upon the articles and the names of the particular opera tions performed. One of the objects of the present invention is to provide mechanism, by means of which all of the data may be printed upon a coupon ticket in one operation. Sometimes one and the same identification number is printed upon each of the coupons of the ticket, and other dissimilar data is printed upon the coupons, and one of the ob jects of the present invention is to provide means whereby all of the printing elements which print Iv Within and extending transversely of the base, Ordinarily coupon tickets comprise two spaced the numbers may be set up by a simple operation, and the remainder of the data may be set up or applied to a slide which may be placed in a slightly higher plane than the other type faces, together with means for making an impression of all of the type faces in one operation. With these and other objects and advantages in view, this invention consists in the several novel features hereinafter fully set forth and claimed. One embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a plan of the printing mechanism with certain portions broken away and other parts omitted for the purpose of clarity; Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-section, taken on'the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; ì Fig. 3 is a fragmental, vertical, longitudinal section, taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. l; Fig. 4 is a fragmental, perspective view of cer tain liners used for supporting and guiding the type bars, the guide member and the slide used; Fig. 5 is a plan of one of the type strips used on the slide, seen in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 is a fragmental plan of one of the printed coupon tickets and an adjacent unprinted one; and Fig. '7 is a plan of one of the type bars used in the device. ' , . Referring to said drawings, the reference char acter I0 designates a hollow rectangular base, in 55 and washers and having nuts I6 threaded upon 10 their outer ends for clamping the parts together. The liners are supported by cross bars I8 which are fastened upon the ends of the liners by rods I9 having nuts upon their ends that bear against the bars, and the entire structure described is l5 rigidly fastened in the base. The liners I4 .are arranged in groups, and the liners I4ß, which divide the liners I4 into groups, have upward extensions I4b, the purpose of which will be here inafter explained. ` 20 Slidably resting upon the liners I4 are type bars ^ 20, which have spaced duplicate sets of type faces 2l upon their upper edges adjacent their ends, as seen in Fig. 7, said type faces desirably compris ing the digits 0 and 1 to 9 and other characters, 25 if desired. When the type bars are in neutral position, as seen in Figs. 1 and 2, all of the corre sponding type faces on the type bars are aligned with other, but the type bars may be adjusted from said neutral position to a printing position, 30 in which the type faces that are in printing posi-V ton co-operate with impression making means to print the members or characters set up. It is to be understood that when the type bars are set into printing position, two rows of type 35 faces are set into printing position to print upon two rows of spaced coupons. The printing posi Vtion of the type faces, namely, the lines in which the type faces print, is indicated by the arrows, a, in Figs. 1 and 2. Six type bars are shown in 40 each group so that each group is capable of printing a selected number composed of six digits on two spaced rows of coupons. Suitable means are provided for simultaneous ly setting up the corresponding type bars of the 45 several groups into printing position and the means here shown comprise shafts 22, one for each type bar of a group, said shafts being rota tively mounted in the base and liners and hav ing pinions 23 rigidly mounted thereon and ar- 50 ranged to mesh with rack teeth 24 provided upon the lower edges of the type bars. The several pinions on each shaft mesh with the several correspondingly located type 'bars of all of the groups. Upon the outer ends of the shafts 22 u 2 2,119,539 are knobs 24, by means of which the shafts may be manipulated to set the type bars into print ing position. For indicating the type faces at the printing position, a group of indicating bars 25, similar to the type bars, are provided at one end of the machine and said indicating bars mesh with pinions 25ß upon the shafts 22 in the same manner as the type bars 20. The up I have shown one type strip 30 for each group of type bars, adapted to print data in connec tion with the numbers printed by the type bars. If desired, the type strips may be in the form of two pieces, one disposed adjacent each side edge of the slide. 'I'he type faces 3i are formed upon the type strip in any well known manner, and desirably two rows of type faces are provided per edges of the indicating bars 25 are provided adjacent each end of each type strip, whereby 10 with indicating characters corresponding with to print two kinds of data upon each coupon, as for instance, the prices paid the several. work men for performing the operations upon the arti those on the type bars, and said indicating char acters are visible through a window 26 in the cover Il when the bars are adjusted. By observing the type characters as they appear 15 through the window, the attendant turns the various shafts 22 until the proper characters appear. The type bar setting mechanism above described exemplifies one form of setting mech anism‘, 'but it is to be understood that various ,20 equivalent means may be provided for setting the printing bars into printing position. A fuller description-of type bars and setting mechanism , therefor is more fully shown and described in Letters Patent No. 1,371,893, issued to meMarch 25 15, 1921. Two rows of figures, b, are printed with the type bars upon the two rows of coupons, c, of a. coupon ticket C, a fragment of which is seen Yin Fig. 6. The coupons are separated from the cle which prices are indicated at d, in 6, and the names of the operations performed by the workmen on the article as seen at e. A large assortment of type strips is furnished with each printing device, as this enables the 15Y user of the machine to print a great number of combinations of prices and names of operations along with the numbers that are printed on the 20 coupons. The prices for the several operations may vary in accordance with the character or quality of the articles with which the coupon tickets are used, and with the use of removable and interchangeable type strips any desired com bination may be obtained. Furthermore, several the ticket may be scored or perforated along the adjoining margins of the coupons whereby they may be readily torn from the remainder of the slides may accompany the device, and the usual combinations of prices and operations may be set up in the several slides thereof, and when it be comes necessary to change some particular price 30 or prices for a certain order all that is necessary for the attendant to do is to select type strips for printing the proper data and insert them in place ticket. "However, this is not essential to the of’the 30 middle portion, c1, of the ticket and, if desired, 35 invention as the score lines or perforations may be omitted if so desired and the coupons may be clipped from the ticket. For printingother data upon the several cou pons, such as the prices paid the workmen for 40 performing work on wearing apparel or other articles represented by the coupon ticket, and for printing data such as the names of the sev eral operations on the articles, auxiliary print ing means is provided, which is disposed directly above the type bars in position to print upon the coupon ticket during the operation of print ing the rows of figures, b, thereon, said auxiliary printing means will now be described. Extending longitudinally of the base and se 50 cured to and supported by the raised portions I4b of the liners I4“, is a fiat guide member 2l provided with inturned side flanges 28 which pro vide oppositely disposed grooves for guiding a type carrying slide 29. An upturned flange 21a 55 at the end of the guide member provides «a stop for the slide to position the same in a device. The bottom of the guide member 21 is placed immediately above the type faces on the type bars, whereby the bars may slide freely under 60 neath the guide member in adjusting the type bars into printing position. The slide 29 is provided with means for re movably supporting a number of type strips 30, »that are provided with type faces 3iV at both 65 ends, adapted to print in spaced rows upon the ‘coupons adjacent the ends thereof which are attached to the middle portion, c1, of the'ticket. Conveniently, the slide 29 is provided with trans- versely extending inturned lips 32, 33 that pro 70 vide grooves in which the strips may be inserted in attaching them to the slide. 'I'he lips 32, 33 are disposed above and in line with the liners i4a which support the guide member 21, where by the type strips may be located directly above 75 the groups of type bars, as seen in Figs. 1 and 3. others. f > An inked ribbon 34 overlies the type bars and auxiliary printing means and may be wound upon spools 35 supported by the cover il on the underside at the front and yback thereof. As a preference a roll 36, composed of a wide strip of light cardboard or heavy paper, is used for making the tickets, and the cardboard or paper may be scored transversely as at c2 in Fig. 6 to separate the tickets C from each other. The roll is carried by brackets 3T mounted on the rear of the base and the end of the ticket strip 45 36EL thereof is fed through a slot at the rear of the base and over the inked ribbon to the front of the machine, where its extreme end protrudes through a slot 38 in the cover in position to be taken hold of and drawn out of the device. Any suitable impression making means may be provided in connection with the type bars and auxiliary printing means and, as seen, said irn pression making means is contained in a housing 39 which rises from the plate 40 of the cover Ii. , Two narrow impression rollers 4| co-operate with the type faces 2l, which are in printing position, to make impressions on the coupons, and an irn pression roller 42, located between the rollers 4l,`is provided for making impressions from the type faces 3i on the auxiliary printing means. The rollers are journaled in brackets carried by a slidable roller supporting member 43 which is slidably guided in the side walls 44 of the hous ing, and has a knob 45 extending through a slot in the top wall of the housing that provides means for moving the roller supporting member 43 and therewith the rollers across the coupon ticket to make the impressions thereon. Desirably the impression roller 42 is yieldably supported in its brackets and for this purpose springs 46 are provided in the brackets which bear against the bearings for the roller and per mit the roller to yield upwardly when traveling over the auxiliary printing means. ' 75 _3. 2,119,539 Whenv a roll of cardboard or paper is used, ~ and slidably, mounted in said" base, an of said the tickets are detached after being »printed,~and _ type ~bars having type faces- thereon, in- duplicate, it is desirable to provide means to lfacilitate ' at both ends of the bars. typesetting means for- « tearing a printed ticket» from the ¿remainder of the ticket strip. The means shown comprise a setting similar selected type 'faces ofthe several groups into printing position in- two spaced lines.. strip tearing bar I5 disposed above the plate ‘ß a guide- member> extendingv transversely of. the. of the cover il and directly in front of the hous ing 39, the lower edge of which may be pressed down on the ticket stripat the row of perfora thereto, a slide removably supported by said guide type bars,- supported’thereabove _in close proximity I now been withdrawn, and the next adjacent un-~ member in a plane slightly above the planeof the type faces on the type bars, type faces on said 10. slide, and impression making means co-operat printed ticket. The strip tearing bar l5 is guided ing with the type faces that are in printing posi- ’ 10 tions c2 between the printed ticket, which has ' in posts 41 adjacent the side edges of the plate 40 and said bar is urged upwardly by coiled com 15 pression springs 48 contained in the posts and bearing against the underside of the bar. A knob 49 may be employed on the bar to facilitate pressing it down on the ticket strip. It is to be understood that the printed ticket is withdrawn 20 far enough to bring the row of perforations be tween it and the next adjacent ticket beneath the strip tearing bar, the bar pressed down on the ticket strip and the printed ticket torn off aiong the edge of the strip tearing bar. For guiding the ticket strip over the type bars 25 and auxiliary printing means, rods 50 (see Fig. 2) may be provided above and below the ticket strip, between the middle and end rollers. In use the end of the ticket strip is threaded 30 through the device above the inked ribbon to the strip tearing bar. The slide, with the selected type strips attached thereto, is inserted in the guide member, thereby bringing the several type strips over the groups of type bars. The type 35 bars are then adjusted to bring the selected type characters into printing position to print the selected number on the coupons. The impression making device is then moved across the ticket underneath it. The rollers lll press the ticket 40 against the ribbon over the type faces of the type bars that are in printing position and the roller 42 presses the ticket upon the ribbon over the type faces on the slide, thereby printing all of the data on the ticket in one operation. After the ticket has been printed, it is withdrawn and torn from the remainder of the ticket strip, as has been explained. With the present printing mechanism, the ticket strip need have no data previously printed on it, which is a great saving in the cost of the strip and, inasmuch as all of the data on a ticket may be printed in one operation, time and labor are saved and there is less likelihood for mistakes. More or less variation of the exact details of construction is possible without departing from the spirit of this invention. I desire, therefore, not to limit myself to the exact form of the con struction shown and described, but intend, in the followingclaiins, to point out all of the invention disclosed herein. I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent: l. In printing mechanism, the combination of a base, type bars arranged side by side in groups 65 and slldably mounted in the base, means to actu ate said type bars whereby to '- set selected ones in printing position, auxiliary printing means comprising a guide member supported above the type bars in close proximity thereto, and a slide 70 having type faces thereon and slidably held on said guide member, and impression making means co-operating with said type bars and auxil iary printing means to make impressions thereof. 2. In printing mechanism, the combination of 75 a base, type bars arranged side by side in groups, tion to make impressions thereof. » Y 3. Printing mechanism, comprising in combi nation, a base, type bars arranged side by side in groups and slldably mounted in said base, said `type bars having type faces thereon adjacent each end, setting means whereby to set selected type faces in two spaced rows, and whereby to print on two rows of spaced coupon tickets, auxil iary printing means disposed slightly above the type bars and located between the printing posi tion of the type bars, said auxiliary printing means having interchangeable type faces located thereon adjacent the printing position of the type ; . bars, whereby to print data on said coupons, and impression making means co-operating with the type faces to make impressions thereof. y 4. Printing mechanism, comprising in combi nation, a base, type bars arranged side by side in 30 groups and slidably mounted in said base, said type bars having type faces thereon adjacent each end, setting means whereby to set selected type faces in two spaced rows, and whereby to print on two rows of spaced coupon tickets, auxiliary printing means disposed slightly above the type bars and located between the printing position of the type bars, said auxiliary printing means hav ing a removable slide and interchangeable type strips removably carried thereby, the type strips 40 having type faces located adjacent the type faces of the type bars that are in printing position, whereby to print data on the coupons adjacent the data printed by the type bars, and impres sion making means co-operating with the type 45 faces to make impressions thereof on two rows of coupons at one operation. 5. In printing mechanism, the combination of settable slidably mounted type bars, having type faces that print in one plane, auxiliary printing 50 means located directly thereabove and having type faces that print in a higher plane, and im pression making means co-operating with type faces of the type bars and auxiliary printing äieans to make impressions thereof in one opera 55 on. 6. In printing mechanism, the combination of settable slidably mounted type bars, having type faces that print in one plane, auxiliary printing means located directly thereabove and having 60 type faces that print in a higher plane, and im pression making means having rollers co-operat ing with type faces of the type bars and auxil iary printing means to- make impressions there of in one operation. 7. In printing mechanism, the combination of settable type bars having type faces thereon, auxiliary printing means removably supported in a plane above the type bars in close proximity thereto whereby the type bars may move under neath the auxiliary printing means, the latter having type faces thereon located slightly above the plane of the type faces on the type bars, and impression making means cci-operating with the 75 4 2,119,539 type bars and auxiliary printing means to make impressions in one operation. 8. In printing mechanism, the combination oi’ settable printing means having type faces thereon, auxiliary printing means removably sup ported in a plane above and in close proximity to said first mentioned printing means, whereby the settable printing means may be adjusted un derneath the auxiliary printing means, said aux 10 iliary printing means having removable and re placeable interchangeable type strips provided cooperating with the type bars and slide to make impressions therefrom in one operation. ~ l0. In printing mechanism, the combination of settable slidably mounted type bars, having type faces that print in one plane, removable and replaceable, interchangeable auxiliary printing means located in a plane above the type bars, and impression making means cooperating with 10 the type bars and auxiliaryl printing means to with type faces, and impression making means co-operating with said settable and said auxiliary make impressions thereof in one operation. printing means to make impressions in one opera settable slidably mounted type bars, having type faces that print in one plane, auxiliary printing 15 tion. ~- 9. In printing mechanism, the combination of g slidably mounted type bars, each having two se ries of type characters on its upper face, one se 20 whereby the type bars may be adjusted under neath the same and impression making means ries at each end, selected type characters of each series being capable of printing in two spaced lines, means for adjusting selected type bars to printing position, auxiliary printing means hav ing a removable and replaceable printing slide, having two series of type characters thereon dis posed adjacent .the printing positions of the type "bars, said slide being located in a plane above the type bars but in close proximity thereto, 11. In printing mechanism, the combination oi means located in a plane above the type bars, and impression making means having rollers coop erating with the type bars and the auxiliary print ing means to- make impressions thereof in one operation. 20 '12. In printing mechanism, thecombination of printing elements arranged to print in -two planes, and impression making means having rollers disposed at two ñxed levels whereby to co-v operate with the printing elements to make im 25 pressions therefrom in one operation. MORRIS J. HOFFMAN.