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Патент USA US2119539

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June 7, 1938.
M. J. HOFFMAN
2,119,539
PRINTING MECHANISM
Filed Dec. 5, 1936
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3 Sheets-Sheet 1
June 7, 1938.
2,119,539
M. J, HOFFMAN
PRINTING MECHANISM
Filed Dec. 5, 1936
N.
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June 7, 1938.
2,119,539
M. J. HOFFMAN
PRINTING MECHANISM
Filed DeC. 5, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 5
@ß
2,119,539
Patented June 7, 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENT
OFFICE '
2,119, 539
PRINTING MECHANISM
Morris J. Hoffman, Chicago, Ill.
_
Application December 5, 1936, Serial No. 114,419
12 Claims. (Cl. 101-93)
This invention relates to printing mechanism which the type mechanism is contained, and Il
and in its present form it has been designed to designates a cover which is hinged to the base by
print data of various kinds on coupon tickets, hinges I2 and is arranged to'be locked or other
such as are used for keeping record of workmen’s wise secured thereto by pins or other locking
5
5 time on wearing apparel or other articles off,... means I3.
manufacture.
f "d
are a multiplicity of spaced liners I4, which are
rows of coupons which are detachable from the
spaced apart by washers I5 (see Fig. 2) and tied
together by rods I1 extending through the liners
remainder of the ticket, and each coupon bears
data concerning the Work done by the workmen
upon the goods. Sometimes the data consists of
the lot orl job number, the price paid to the sev
eral workmen for labor performed upon the
articles and the names of the particular opera
tions performed.
One of the objects of the present invention is
to provide mechanism, by means of which all of
the data may be printed upon a coupon ticket in
one operation.
Sometimes one and the same
identification number is printed upon each of the
coupons of the ticket, and other dissimilar data
is printed upon the coupons, and one of the ob
jects of the present invention is to provide means
whereby all of the printing elements which print
Iv
Within and extending transversely of the base,
Ordinarily coupon tickets comprise two spaced
the numbers may be set up by a simple operation,
and the remainder of the data may be set up or
applied to a slide which may be placed in a
slightly higher plane than the other type faces,
together with means for making an impression
of all of the type faces in one operation.
With these and other objects and advantages
in view, this invention consists in the several
novel features hereinafter fully set forth and
claimed.
One embodiment of the invention is illustrated
in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan of the printing mechanism
with certain portions broken away and other
parts omitted for the purpose of clarity;
Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-section, taken on'the
line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
ì
Fig. 3 is a fragmental, vertical, longitudinal
section, taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. l;
Fig. 4 is a fragmental, perspective view of cer
tain liners used for supporting and guiding the
type bars, the guide member and the slide used;
Fig. 5 is a plan of one of the type strips used
on the slide, seen in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a fragmental plan of one of the printed
coupon tickets and an adjacent unprinted one;
and
Fig. '7 is a plan of one of the type bars used in
the device.
'
,
.
Referring to said drawings, the reference char
acter
I0 designates a hollow rectangular base, in
55
and washers and having nuts I6 threaded upon 10
their outer ends for clamping the parts together.
The liners are supported by cross bars I8 which
are fastened upon the ends of the liners by rods
I9 having nuts upon their ends that bear against
the bars, and the entire structure described is l5
rigidly fastened in the base. The liners I4 .are
arranged in groups, and the liners I4ß, which
divide the liners I4 into groups, have upward
extensions I4b, the purpose of which will be here
inafter explained.
`
20
Slidably resting upon the liners I4 are type bars ^
20, which have spaced duplicate sets of type faces
2l upon their upper edges adjacent their ends, as
seen in Fig. 7, said type faces desirably compris
ing the digits 0 and 1 to 9 and other characters, 25
if desired. When the type bars are in neutral
position, as seen in Figs. 1 and 2, all of the corre
sponding type faces on the type bars are aligned
with other, but the type bars may be adjusted
from said neutral position to a printing position, 30
in which the type faces that are in printing posi-V
ton co-operate with impression making means to
print the members or characters set up.
It is to be understood that when the type bars
are set into printing position, two rows of type 35
faces are set into printing position to print upon
two rows of spaced coupons. The printing posi
Vtion of the type faces, namely, the lines in which
the type faces print, is indicated by the arrows,
a, in Figs. 1 and 2. Six type bars are shown in 40
each group so that each group is capable of
printing a selected number composed of six digits
on two spaced rows of coupons.
Suitable means are provided for simultaneous
ly setting up the corresponding type bars of the 45
several groups into printing position and the
means here shown comprise shafts 22, one for
each type bar of a group, said shafts being rota
tively mounted in the base and liners and hav
ing pinions 23 rigidly mounted thereon and ar- 50
ranged to mesh with rack teeth 24 provided upon
the lower edges of the type bars. The several
pinions on each shaft mesh with the several
correspondingly located type 'bars of all of the
groups. Upon the outer ends of the shafts 22 u
2
2,119,539
are knobs 24, by means of which the shafts may
be manipulated to set the type bars into print
ing position.
For indicating the type faces at
the printing position, a group of indicating bars
25, similar to the type bars, are provided at one
end of the machine and said indicating bars
mesh with pinions 25ß upon the shafts 22 in
the same manner as the type bars 20.
The up
I have shown one type strip 30 for each group
of type bars, adapted to print data in connec
tion with the numbers printed by the type bars.
If desired, the type strips may be in the form of
two pieces, one disposed adjacent each side edge
of the slide. 'I'he type faces 3i are formed upon
the type strip in any well known manner, and
desirably two rows of type faces are provided
per edges of the indicating bars 25 are provided
adjacent each end of each type strip, whereby
10 with indicating characters corresponding with
to print two kinds of data upon each coupon,
as for instance, the prices paid the several. work
men for performing the operations upon the arti
those on the type bars, and said indicating char
acters are visible through a window 26 in the
cover Il when the bars are adjusted.
By observing the type characters as they appear
15 through the window, the attendant turns the
various shafts 22 until the proper characters
appear. The type bar setting mechanism above
described exemplifies one form of setting mech
anism‘, 'but it is to be understood that various
,20 equivalent means may be provided for setting
the printing bars into printing position. A fuller
description-of type bars and setting mechanism
, therefor is more fully shown and described in
Letters Patent No. 1,371,893, issued to meMarch
25 15, 1921.
Two rows of figures, b, are printed with the
type bars upon the two rows of coupons, c, of
a. coupon ticket C, a fragment of which is seen
Yin Fig. 6. The coupons are separated from the
cle which prices are indicated at d, in
6, and
the names of the operations performed by the
workmen on the article as seen at e.
A large assortment of type strips is furnished
with each printing device, as this enables the
15Y
user of the machine to print a great number of
combinations of prices and names of operations
along with the numbers that are printed on the 20
coupons. The prices for the several operations
may vary in accordance with the character or
quality of the articles with which the coupon
tickets are used, and with the use of removable
and interchangeable type strips any desired com
bination may be obtained. Furthermore, several
the ticket may be scored or perforated along the
adjoining margins of the coupons whereby they
may be readily torn from the remainder of the
slides may accompany the device, and the usual
combinations of prices and operations may be set
up in the several slides thereof, and when it be
comes necessary to change some particular price 30
or prices for a certain order all that is necessary
for the attendant to do is to select type strips for
printing the proper data and insert them in place
ticket. "However, this is not essential to the
of’the
30 middle portion, c1, of the ticket and, if desired,
35 invention as the score lines or perforations may
be omitted if so desired and the coupons may
be clipped from the ticket.
For printingother data upon the several cou
pons, such as the prices paid the workmen for
40 performing work on wearing apparel or other
articles represented by the coupon ticket, and
for printing data such as the names of the sev
eral operations on the articles, auxiliary print
ing means is provided, which is disposed directly
above the type bars in position to print upon
the coupon ticket during the operation of print
ing the rows of figures, b, thereon, said auxiliary
printing means will now be described.
Extending longitudinally of the base and se
50 cured to and supported by the raised portions
I4b of the liners I4“, is a fiat guide member 2l
provided with inturned side flanges 28 which pro
vide oppositely disposed grooves for guiding a
type carrying slide 29. An upturned flange 21a
55 at the end of the guide member provides «a stop
for the slide to position the same in a device.
The bottom of the guide member 21 is placed
immediately above the type faces on the type
bars, whereby the bars may slide freely under
60 neath the guide member in adjusting the type
bars into printing position.
The slide 29 is provided with means for re
movably supporting a number of type strips 30,
»that are provided with type faces 3iV at both
65 ends, adapted to print in spaced rows upon the
‘coupons adjacent the ends thereof which are
attached to the middle portion, c1, of the'ticket.
Conveniently, the slide 29 is provided with trans-
versely extending inturned lips 32, 33 that pro
70 vide grooves in which the strips may be inserted
in attaching them to the slide. 'I'he lips 32,
33 are disposed above and in line with the liners
i4a which support the guide member 21, where
by the type strips may be located directly above
75 the groups of type bars, as seen in Figs. 1 and 3.
others.
f
>
An inked ribbon 34 overlies the type bars and
auxiliary printing means and may be wound
upon spools 35 supported by the cover il on the
underside at the front and yback thereof.
As a preference a roll 36, composed of a wide
strip of light cardboard or heavy paper, is used
for making the tickets, and the cardboard or
paper may be scored transversely as at c2 in Fig.
6 to separate the tickets C from each other. The
roll is carried by brackets 3T mounted on the
rear of the base and the end of the ticket strip 45
36EL thereof is fed through a slot at the rear of
the base and over the inked ribbon to the front
of the machine, where its extreme end protrudes
through a slot 38 in the cover in position to be
taken hold of and drawn out of the device.
Any suitable impression making means may be
provided in connection with the type bars and
auxiliary printing means and, as seen, said irn
pression making means is contained in a housing
39 which rises from the plate 40 of the cover Ii. ,
Two narrow impression rollers 4| co-operate with
the type faces 2l, which are in printing position,
to make impressions on the coupons, and an irn
pression roller 42, located between the rollers
4l,`is provided for making impressions from the
type faces 3i on the auxiliary printing means.
The rollers are journaled in brackets carried by
a slidable roller supporting member 43 which is
slidably guided in the side walls 44 of the hous
ing, and has a knob 45 extending through a slot
in the top wall of the housing that provides
means for moving the roller supporting member
43 and therewith the rollers across the coupon
ticket to make the impressions thereon.
Desirably the impression roller 42 is yieldably
supported in its brackets and for this purpose
springs 46 are provided in the brackets which
bear against the bearings for the roller and per
mit the roller to yield upwardly when traveling
over the auxiliary printing means.
'
75
_3.
2,119,539
Whenv a roll of cardboard or paper is used, ~ and slidably, mounted in said" base, an of said
the tickets are detached after being »printed,~and _
type ~bars having type faces- thereon, in- duplicate,
it is desirable to provide means to lfacilitate ' at both ends of the bars. typesetting means for- «
tearing a printed ticket» from the ¿remainder of
the ticket strip. The means shown comprise a
setting similar selected type 'faces ofthe several
groups into printing position in- two spaced lines..
strip tearing bar I5 disposed above the plate ‘ß
a guide- member> extendingv transversely of. the.
of the cover il and directly in front of the hous
ing 39, the lower edge of which may be pressed
down on the ticket stripat the row of perfora
thereto, a slide removably supported by said guide
type bars,- supported’thereabove _in close proximity I
now been withdrawn, and the next adjacent un-~
member in a plane slightly above the planeof the
type faces on the type bars, type faces on said 10.
slide, and impression making means co-operat
printed ticket. The strip tearing bar l5 is guided
ing with the type faces that are in printing posi- ’
10 tions c2 between the printed ticket, which has
' in posts 41 adjacent the side edges of the plate
40 and said bar is urged upwardly by coiled com
15 pression springs 48 contained in the posts and
bearing against the underside of the bar. A
knob 49 may be employed on the bar to facilitate
pressing it down on the ticket strip. It is to be
understood that the printed ticket is withdrawn
20 far enough to bring the row of perforations be
tween it and the next adjacent ticket beneath
the strip tearing bar, the bar pressed down on
the ticket strip and the printed ticket torn off
aiong the edge of the strip tearing bar.
For guiding the ticket strip over the type bars
25
and auxiliary printing means, rods 50 (see Fig. 2)
may be provided above and below the ticket strip,
between the middle and end rollers.
In use the end of the ticket strip is threaded
30 through the device above the inked ribbon to the
strip tearing bar. The slide, with the selected
type strips attached thereto, is inserted in the
guide member, thereby bringing the several type
strips over the groups of type bars. The type
35 bars are then adjusted to bring the selected type
characters into printing position to print the
selected number on the coupons. The impression
making device is then moved across the ticket
underneath it. The rollers lll press the ticket
40 against the ribbon over the type faces of the type
bars that are in printing position and the roller
42 presses the ticket upon the ribbon over the
type faces on the slide, thereby printing all of
the data on the ticket in one operation.
After
the ticket has been printed, it is withdrawn and
torn from the remainder of the ticket strip, as
has been explained.
With the present printing mechanism, the
ticket strip need have no data previously printed
on it, which is a great saving in the cost of the
strip and, inasmuch as all of the data on a ticket
may be printed in one operation, time and labor
are saved and there is less likelihood for mistakes.
More or less variation of the exact details of
construction is possible without departing from
the spirit of this invention. I desire, therefore,
not to limit myself to the exact form of the con
struction shown and described, but intend, in the
followingclaiins, to point out all of the invention
disclosed herein.
I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent:
l. In printing mechanism, the combination of
a base, type bars arranged side by side in groups
65 and slldably mounted in the base, means to actu
ate said type bars whereby to '- set selected ones
in printing position, auxiliary printing means
comprising a guide member supported above the
type bars in close proximity thereto, and a slide
70 having type faces thereon and slidably held on
said guide member, and impression making
means co-operating with said type bars and auxil
iary printing means to make impressions thereof.
2. In printing mechanism, the combination of
75 a base, type bars arranged side by side in groups,
tion to make impressions thereof. »
Y
3. Printing mechanism, comprising in combi
nation, a base, type bars arranged side by side in
groups and slldably mounted in said base, said
`type bars having type faces thereon adjacent
each end, setting means whereby to set selected
type faces in two spaced rows, and whereby to
print on two rows of spaced coupon tickets, auxil
iary printing means disposed slightly above the
type bars and located between the printing posi
tion of the type bars, said auxiliary printing
means having interchangeable type faces located
thereon adjacent the printing position of the type ; .
bars, whereby to print data on said coupons, and
impression making means co-operating with the
type faces to make impressions thereof. y
4. Printing mechanism, comprising in combi
nation, a base, type bars arranged side by side in 30
groups and slidably mounted in said base, said
type bars having type faces thereon adjacent each
end, setting means whereby to set selected type
faces in two spaced rows, and whereby to print
on two rows of spaced coupon tickets, auxiliary
printing means disposed slightly above the type
bars and located between the printing position of
the type bars, said auxiliary printing means hav
ing a removable slide and interchangeable type
strips removably carried thereby, the type strips
40
having type faces located adjacent the type faces
of the type bars that are in printing position,
whereby to print data on the coupons adjacent
the data printed by the type bars, and impres
sion making means co-operating with the type 45
faces to make impressions thereof on two rows
of coupons at one operation.
5. In printing mechanism, the combination of
settable slidably mounted type bars, having type
faces that print in one plane, auxiliary printing 50
means located directly thereabove and having
type faces that print in a higher plane, and im
pression making means co-operating with type
faces of the type bars and auxiliary printing
äieans to make impressions thereof in one opera
55
on.
6. In printing mechanism, the combination of
settable slidably mounted type bars, having type
faces that print in one plane, auxiliary printing
means located directly thereabove and having 60
type faces that print in a higher plane, and im
pression making means having rollers co-operat
ing with type faces of the type bars and auxil
iary printing means to- make impressions there
of in one operation.
7. In printing mechanism, the combination of
settable type bars having type faces thereon,
auxiliary printing means removably supported in
a plane above the type bars in close proximity
thereto whereby the type bars may move under
neath the auxiliary printing means, the latter
having type faces thereon located slightly above
the plane of the type faces on the type bars, and
impression making means cci-operating with the 75
4
2,119,539
type bars and auxiliary printing means to make
impressions in one operation.
8. In printing mechanism, the combination
oi’ settable printing means having type faces
thereon, auxiliary printing means removably sup
ported in a plane above and in close proximity
to said first mentioned printing means, whereby
the settable printing means may be adjusted un
derneath the auxiliary printing means, said aux
10 iliary printing means having removable and re
placeable interchangeable type strips provided
cooperating with the type bars and slide to make
impressions therefrom in one operation.
~
l0. In printing mechanism, the combination
of settable slidably mounted type bars, having
type faces that print in one plane, removable and
replaceable, interchangeable auxiliary printing
means located in a plane above the type bars,
and impression making means cooperating with 10
the type bars and auxiliaryl printing means to
with type faces, and impression making means
co-operating with said settable and said auxiliary
make impressions thereof in one operation.
printing means to make impressions in one opera
settable slidably mounted type bars, having type
faces that print in one plane, auxiliary printing 15
tion.
~-
9. In printing mechanism, the combination of g
slidably mounted type bars, each having two se
ries of type characters on its upper face, one se
20
whereby the type bars may be adjusted under
neath the same and impression making means
ries at each end, selected type characters of each
series being capable of printing in two spaced
lines, means for adjusting selected type bars to
printing position, auxiliary printing means hav
ing a removable and replaceable printing slide,
having two series of type characters thereon dis
posed adjacent .the printing positions of the type
"bars, said slide being located in a plane above
the type bars but in close proximity thereto,
11. In printing mechanism, the combination oi
means located in a plane above the type bars, and
impression making means having rollers coop
erating with the type bars and the auxiliary print
ing means to- make impressions thereof in one
operation.
20
'12. In printing mechanism, thecombination of
printing elements arranged to print in -two
planes, and impression making means having
rollers disposed at two ñxed levels whereby to co-v operate with the printing elements to make im 25
pressions therefrom in one operation.
MORRIS J. HOFFMAN.
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