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Патент USA US2119592

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June 7, 1938.
E. M. MACDONALD-
2,119,592
FAREBox
Filed Aug. 27, I1956
2 sheets-sheet 1
5/
n-`,._„
INVENTOR.
ATTORNE .5;
June 7, 1938.
2,119,592
E. M. MACDONALD
FAREúBoX
Filed Aug. 27, 1936
Z'SheetS-Sheet 2
35
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INVENTOR.
[gé/7e Mara/oci? Nacdonaía/
BY
69% @MQW v ¿Pny
ATTORNEYS
Patented `Iune 7, 1938
2,119,592
UNITED STATES PATENT * OFFICE
2,119,592
FAREBOX
_ Eugene Murdock Macdonald, Shaker Heights,
0 hlo
.
Application August 27, 1936, Serial No. 98,225
5 Claims.
(C‘l. 232-15)
The present invention relatesto a novel and
shown in Fig. 4; Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional
improved farebox construction for the receipt
and deposit of co-ins, fares, and the like, on
view taken substantially along line 'I-l of Fig.
.4 and showing the locking elements of the vault
peripatetic vehicles such as trolleys, trains and door when the latter is in closed position; Fig.
busses. The general object and nature of myy 8 is a View similar to that of Fig. 'l but showing 1x5
invention is to provide a farebox of a construction
the locking elements of the vault door when the
adapted to better protect the contents of the
latter is in open position; Fig. 9 is an enlarged
elevational view of the mechanism positioned on
the interior wall of the farebox housing, which
cooperates with the vault door opening and clos- @l1-b
ing mechanism; Fig. 10 is an enlarged view of
the construction of the tell tale plate; and Fig.
farebox against tampering, theft, pilferage, or
opening by unauthorized persons.
10
More particularly,’the construction embodying
my invention provides `a vault normally adapted
to be contained in the bottom portion of the fare
box and to receive the fares and coins deposited
therein. Such vault possesses a receiving open
»i5 ing and a door for closing such opening, together
with means for automatically closing and lock
ing the door when the vault is removed from
the farebox. The invention also provides means
for holding the 4door in open position when the
20 vault is inserted into the farebox.
A further object of the invention is to pro
vide a “tell tale’_’ or indicating means visible from
the exterior of the farebox which is capable of
immediately informing an inspector, collector, or
25 similar authorized person whether an attempt
has been made to extract the contents of the
farebox by a coin extracting instrument or “fish
ing too ”. Additional objects and advantages of
the invention shall become apparent as the fol
30 lowing description proceeds.
l
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and
related ends, said invention, then, consists of
the means hereinafter fully described and partic
ularly pointed out in the claims.
35
The annexed drawings and the following de
scription set forth in detail >certain mechanism
embodying the invention, such disclosed means
constituting, however, but one of the various
mechanical forms in which the principle of the
40 invention may be used.
In said annexed drawings:
,
Fig. l is an elevational view, partially broken
away, of my improved farebox construction ; Fig.
2 is a view taken upon a plane normal to that
45 of Fig. l; Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional View
of the farebox vault construction, showing the
vault and its associated and cooperating parts
in partially removed position with respect to the
farebox; Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but
50 showing the farebox vault in normal position
when fully inserted in the farebox; Fig. 5 is an
enlarged sectional view, taken substantially along
line 5_5 of Fig. 3; Fig. 6 is a view similar to
Fig. 5 but showing the parts in a different posi
55 tion and -corresponding to that of the parts as
ll is a sectional View taken upon a plane normal
to that of Fig. l0.v
.
Now referring more particularly to the draw- ¿.15
ings, my fareboX consists generally, as shown in
Figs. l and 2, of a housing I,-with a fare or coin
receiving opening 2 at its top end with the re
movable vault 3 positioned in its bottom.- A han
dle 4 is provided on the front end of the vault =1`2`0
3. A door 5 is mounted upon the hinge 6 to the
housing, which lcloses the opening inthe bot
tom of the farebox through which the vault 3
is removed and inserted.
Now directing attention to Figs. 3 to 6 inclu- §25
sive, the Vault 3 is in the form of a rectangular
shaped box and has the casting -I having the
fare receiving opening 8, constituting its top
wall. A slidable door 9 is mounted underneath
the casting 'I and is adapted to close the open- :3o
ing 8 when in closed position, as best shown in
Figs. `3, 5, and 8. The bottom side of the door 9
contacts with and is movable over the bearing
plate I0 which is mounted to the side walls of
the vault 3 by means of rivets or other suitable »Tg5
fasteners through the boss II. The cylinder lock
housing I2 constitutes an integral partv of the
bearing plate Ill and encloses the cylinder lock
I3 and its appurtenant parts.
A longitudinal channel or slot I4 is provided 1.1i)
in the medial portion of the door 9. An elongated
abutment I5 is carried by the top casting l and
extends into the slot I4. 'I'he end of the abut
ment I5 is'wedge-shaped as indicated at I6. A
pair of transversely extending slots I'I.. are pro- 21’5
vided in the door 9 for the reception of the bars
I8 whose inner ends 2l1arebeveled in order to
substantially fit and contact with the wedge
shaped end I B of the abutment I5. The outer
ends 2| of the bars I8 are of curved form in 50
order to produce an Vinward movement of the
bars I8 with respect to the 'door .fl when the
former come in contact against the teeth22 of
the gears 23. Slots I9 are provided inthe walls
of the vault 3 for passage ofthe bars I8.
55
'
2,119,59a
As best indicated Vin Fig. 9, the gears 23 are
in the plates 25 for the passage lof the ends Vof
mounted upon stub shafts 24 in turn carried by
the plates 25. Each one of the plates 25 is
fastened to the inner side walls of the housing
the bars I8.
The under side portion 40 of the door 9 is
spaced from the upper wall thereof and provides
a space 4| in which a pair of latch members 42
I ofthe farebox. A pawl 26, pivotally mounted
upon the pin 26' engages with the teeth 22 of ' are pivotally mounted as at 43. A pair of round
the gear 23 and 'prevents rotation of the latter headed, ‘spring loaded pins 44 bear against the
in a direction opposite to that indicated by the free ends of the latch members 42 and tend to j
The ‘
cylinder lock I3 has a stem 45 connected. to the
rotatable shaft 46. A striker member 41 ismount--V
direction of inward movement of the Vault 3
ed upon `the end of the shaft 46 and is adapted to Y(
when it is inserted into the farebox housing |-`.
Y A round headed pin 21 is spring loaded by the i be engaged by the notches 48 infthe latch mem
curved arrow in Fig. `9.
The curved arrow and
force the latter into aV converging position.
10 the straight arrow in Fig. 9 correspondoto the
compression spring 28 carried in the channel 29
and bears against the intermediate portion of
bers 42 and by the outer ends of the latch mem-v
bers 42, the latter engagement being bestV shown 15
Vthe pawl 26 in order to retain the latter in - in'Fig. 7. An Lèshaped opening 49 is provided in Y
the bottom wall portion 40 of the door 9 in order
operable
position.
v
j
v
*Y
Y
The gear 23 meshes withasecondgear 30 mount
ed upon the stub shaft 3|. Argravity operated
pawl 32, pivoted upon the pin'33 bears against
Athe teeth ofthe gear 30 as'indicatedat 34. The
»secondrgear 39 together with its pawl 32 serves
as a safety device in the event that the pawl 26V
should become'inoperative through sticking, or
l25 »breaking ofthe spring 28. Furthermore, the ac
2O
to permit the passage of the door 9 with respect >to
the striker member“, and also to Apermit rotation
of the striker member 41 to‘inoperative position asV 20
shown in Fig. 4.'
'
'
.
open position as v
As the door 9 is moved from
l
shown in Fig. 8 to’closed position as shown- in
Fig. 7, the latch membersl 42 bear against the
>striker member 41. The notches' 48 inthe latch 25
tion of the spring 28„the pawl 26, the gear 3|).v members 42 contact and engage with the striker
and the weighted pawl 32 operate as means V.for
imparting a slight resistance to the rotation> of
the gear 23 in the' direction of the curved arrow in
3.0
Fig.'9.
Y
Y >The
last
`
described
-
mechanism
I
constitutes
meansV for automatically closing the vault door
` 9 on its withdrawal from the farebox housing I
and for simultaneously and automatically pre
-35 venting the completewithdrawal of the. vault 3
member 41 thus preventing any attempt at again
Ymoving the door 9 towardfopen position, once thek
latter hasrbeen moved topartially closed; po
sition. When the door 9 occupies 'fully closed po
sition as shown in Fig. 7, the ends'oi the latch
`members 42 are forced by the spring loaded pins
44 to abut against the side of the striker mem- 1
ber 41 and thereby prevent any further opening
of the door 9 until an authorized person operates `35'
until the door _9l is completely closed. VThe op
eration VVof this> mechanism -is as follows: Refer
the cylinder lock I3 and thereby rotates thel
striker member 41_to unlocked position whereit
interior of the vault 3. In this position, the` bars
I8 are held in a laterally projecting position be
'yond each side oi the vault 3, withtheir ends 2|
extending out through the slots V|9. As the vault
10 and 11, substantially the upper half `portion of
the >fareboX housing llconstitutes a fare'receiv
ing -passage. whose walls -50 are composed of glass f
so that the interiorr of such passage is visible from '
outside the farebox. Baffie plates 5| and 52` are
" ring ñrst‘to Figs. ‘l and 6, the door 9 will Abe seen clears the ends of the latch members 42 and per
to'be in open position whereby'the openingß in Ymits the doorV 9 to be opened with the ñngers.v
Referring barclrrto-FigsrlA and 2, and also to Figs.
V40. the top casting 1 'is 'in communicationA with the
4.5 3 is moved outwardlyfrom the farebox housing,`
»mounted in angularly.` inclined positions from the
vertical in the interior -of theY fare receiving .pas
sage deñned by the walls §59. A tell tale plate 53
is mounted upon the‘under side of the baf?le>5|
and projects slightly beyond the lower end there-‘
the bars |8 tend to move then on outward move
of. The projecting end of the plate 53'is serrated
ment ofthe vault 3) carry the door 9` to `closed yas indicated at 54. `The -plate 53 1 is 'pivotally
position, and not until the door 9 Yreach-es such i mounted by means ofthe hinge '55, to theV VLJ?
closed position do the innerends 20 of the bars 'shaped rod 56.'V The 1egs'51 of the rod 56 are I Y
55 I8 reach the end I6 of the'abutment I5.v At this Vslidably mounted in the.' guides l58 which inV turn `55
are secured to Ythe under side of the baffle plate
Ypoint the bars I 8V are permitted to retract in
wardly’from the slots I9 in the side walls' of 5|. The outer ends of the legs V5l are'laterally
the vault 3 and their outerjends 2| thereby to bent as indicated at 59 in order to limit >the down
ward movement of the bar 56 with respect to the
clear the gear teeth 22 so that the vault 3 can be
i60
baille plate 5|.
n
«
«
f
60 completely withdrawn from the farebox hous
The tell tale plate 53 has an opening 69 which
ing I.
Y
I, i. e., in a left hand direction with respect to
Figs. 3 to 6 inclusive, the bars I8, bearing against
the'gear teethV 22 of the gears 23 (which latter
are locked against rotation in the direction which
50
Conversely, it `should be readily understood that Y is larger than the head ofthe headed pin 6 | .’ The
when the vault 3 is inserted into the farebox
housing l, the vault `having its'door 9 in open
65 position, 'with-the ends 2| of »the bars I8 pro
headed pin 6| is mounted upon the baifleplate 5I
and extends through theA opening 69 and engages Y
with its edge in order to normally retain the Vtell
Vjecting laterally, that the bars I8 will bear tale plate inthe position shown in full
against the teeth 22 substantially in the manner- Figs. 2 and 11.
shown by the straight arrow in Fig. 9 and that
the slight resistance to rotation of the gear 23
75
65 Y
lines inV .
When pilferage or theft of the contents ofthe »Y Y
farebox might'be attempted by inserting a coin
will hold the ,door 9 in open position as the vault or fare extracting instrument, orf‘i'lshing tool”V 7,0
3 is inserted Yinto the farebox housing |. Thus Vthrough the opening 2, such instrument must
any tendency'of'the door 9 to slightly close upon ' necessarily come in contact with the serrated edge
the inserting movement of the vault 3, would be 54 ofthe tell tale plate 5?».` 'I‘hen as such in»
prevented.
strument is withdrawn, the tell tale plate will be
1t should be noted thatrslots 35 are provided slid upwardly along the under side -of the baiile
3
2,119,592
10
plate 5l until the headed pin 6l clears the edge
of the hole 60. As the plate 53 reaches such
with respect to said fareboX, and to prevent their
position, it will be permitted to hang in a Verti
cal position as shown by the dotted lines in Figs.
passage on outward movement of said vault.
3. In a farebox, the combination of a removable
2 and 11. In this manner, attempted theft or
tampering with the contents of the farebox will
be immediately indicated to authorized persons
upon inspection, and an appropriate investigation
may then be instituted.
vault adapted to be inserted into and then with
drawn from the base of said fareboX, a slidable
Vdoor in the top of said Vault, transversely extend
ing slots in said door, bars longitudinally mov
able in said slots, an abutment carried by said
vault and adapted to be engaged by the ends of
said bars on opening movement of said door
whereby said bars are moved outwardly of said
vault, gears mounted on the interior of said fare
boX having teeth adapted to» be engaged by the
outer ends of said bars, and pawls engaging said 15
gears whereby the latter are rotatable only in a
direction corresponding to the inward movement
of said bars and of said vault with respect to said`
farebox.
Practically any type of coin extracting in
strument will operate the tell tale plate 53. Such
instruments usually consist of a iìeXible metal
strip with a gripping tongue or a piece of chewing
gum on the end, or a string with a magnet or
grasshopper tied to the end.
Such instruments
must necessarily contact with the projected edge
of the tell tale plate 53, and once they are started
on their withdrawing movement from the fare
box (which is necessarily the case in the op
eration of such instruments), the plate 53’will
be tripped to a vertically hanging position.
Other modes of applying the principle of my
invention may be employed instead of the one
explained, change being made as regards the
mechanism herein disclosed, provided the means
stated by _any of the following claims or the
equivalent of such stated means be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and dis
tinctly claim as my invention:
1. In a farebox, the combination of a remov
able vault adapted to be inserted into and then
withdrawn from the base of sai-d farebox, a slid
able door in the top of said vault, transversely
extending slots in said door, bars longitudinally
35 movable in said slots, an abutment carried by said
vault and adapted to be engaged by the ends of
said bars on opening movement of said door
whereby said bars are moved outwardly of said
vault, and means positioned interiorly of said
40 fareboX for engaging with the outer ends of said
bars.
2. In a farebox, the combination of a removable
vault adapted to be inserted into and then With
drawn from the base of said farebox, a slidable
door in the top of said vault, transversely eX
tending slots in said door, bars longitudinally
movable in said slots, an abutment carried by
said vault and adapted to be engaged by the ends
of said bars on opening movement of said door
50 whereby said bars are moved outwardly of said
vault, and pawl and ratchet means positioned in
the interior of said farebox and adapted to be
engaged by the outer ends of said bars to permit l.
their passage on inward movement of said vault
4. In a farebox the combination of a removable 20
vault adapted to be inserted into and withdrawn
from the base of said farebox, a door slidable in
the top of said vault, means for automatically
closing said door when said vault is removed from
said fareboX, a key operated >lock mounted in said
vault, a rotatable striker member connected to
and operable through said lock, and a pair of piv
oted latch members carried by said door and
adapted to engage with said striker member when
said door is moved to closed position, said striker 30
member being rotatable to a position Clear of said
latch members, whereby Said door is movable to
open position.
5. In a farebox the combination of a removable
vault adapted to be inserted into and withdrawn
from the base of said fareboX, a door slidable in
the top of said vault, means forautomatically
closing said door when said vault is removed from
said farebox, a key operated lock mounted in said
vault, a rotatable striker member Connected to 40
and operable through said lock, a pair of pivoted
latch members carried by said door and adapted
to engage with said striker member when said
door is moved to closed position, said striker
member being rotatable to a position clear of said 45
latch members, whereby said door is movable to
open position, and a plurality of notches in said
latch members, said notches being adapted to
engage with said striker member and to lock said
door against opening movement when the latter 50
approaches closed position.
EUGENE MURDOCK MACDONALD.
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