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Патент USA US2119604

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‘June 7, 1938.
2,1 19,604 _
Filed‘ May 22, 1935
f44~ ~
Patented June 7, 1938
Ann P. Shepherd, Boston, Mass.
Application nayzz, 1935, Serial No. 22,853
1 Claim. (01. 223-69)
The present invention relates to collapsible
forms for blocking and stretching articles of sizes attached thereto, but without a garment
wearing apparel, and more particularly to forms thereover; Fig. 2 is a detail illustrating one of the
sleeve stretchers; and Fig. 3 is a detail illustrating
of this character designed for the correct block
a section of the longitudinal member.
5 ing and forming of knitted articles in process of
Referring particularly to the illustrated em
Those skilled in the art will understand that
the correct blocking of knitted articles such as
women’s sweaters, skirts and the like requires
10 both skill and care, as such articles are normally
during the drying process carefully pinned upon
a flat‘ surface in accordance with a previously ’
formed paper pattern or the like. Necessarily
the accurate sizing and formation of the articles
15 depends upon the accuracy with which they are
blocked and the frequency with which the pins
or similar means are inserted.
The object of the present invention is to pro
duce a relatively simple and e?i’cient form of
20 collapsible character which may be shaped into
accurate conformity with any desired pattern,
and which when so adjusted can be employed for
repeated blocking of the same article until a dif
ferent shape or size is desired.
In accordance with this and other objects, I
have produced a form which may be readily col
lapsed when not in use, which permits con
venient insertion within the article to be blocked,
distending it to the exact form and size required.
30 and which in the case of a sweater retains not
only the shoulders and body portions, but in ad
dition the arm sizes. If necessary, an additional
portion of the form may be connected for the
stretching of a skirt in the same operation. The
35 form has capacity for a wide variation in size,
and in addition is articulated throughout oppo~
site edge portions to impart the desired shaping
or curvature to the garment in process of drying.
Essentially the form comprises a collapsible
40 skeleton supported from a centrally disposed and
generally rigid longitudinal.
The longitudinal
member is provided at spaced intervals with cross
members which may be locked thereto in ad
justable relationship, and which engage and sup
45 port at their outer ends sections of articulated
side members which through adjustment of the
cross members may be given any desired contour
through proper location of the joints. When not
in use, the articulated side members may be par
50 tially collapsed through folding in of the cross
members about their connections with the longi
In the accompanying drawing illustrating the
preferred form of the invention, Fig. 1 repre
55 sents a plan of the collapsible form with the arm,
bodiment of the invention, it will be observed that
the form comprises essentially a longitudinal H],
which virtually forms the backbone of the skele
ton, and which may consist of two generally flat
metallic strips H and i2 retained in spaced rela 10
tion by spacer blocks l3. This longitudinal is
provided at intervals with spring detents l6, each
consisting of a ?at leaf spring riveted at I6 and
carrying a. locking pin l8 at its free end, which
is received in openings l9 formed in the strips,
and is designed to engage and retain the diagonal
'cross members 29' through reception in one of the
openings 22 formed therein.
By lifting, the detent the diagonals 20 may be
moved laterally with relation to the longitudinal 20
til until the desired conformation of the form is
obtained, and thereafter locked by the detent in
adjusted position. Each of the diagonals is con
nected at its outer end to a pivot joint ‘24 which
forms the juncture between two sections 26 of a
side member. As indicated in Fig. 1, each side
member consists of four sections of suchra length
as to give the proper articulation to the side
member as a whole, and permit its conformation
to be changed in accordance with the form to be
given the article. By proper adjustment of each
set of diagonal members with respect to each
other set, any desired conformation of the side
members within reason may be obtained. To- ad
just the size of the form as a whole it will be
noted that the lower set of diagonals 2B are con
nected with rods 30 which in turn are both con
nected at their lower ends to a sliding collar 32,
this collar having capacity for sliding movement
on the longitudinal and being retained in any
adjusted position by a pin 34, which engages with
one of a series of openings 36 formed in the
lower end of the longitudinal. Not only does thev
movement of this collar with its connected rods
adjust all of the members in a manner to narrow
or widen the form, but additional movement of
the collar tends to collapseythe form to facilitate
its reception within the garment.
The upper end of the form is provided with an
attaching hook 38 for suspending it during use,
and the lower end of the form may be provided
with a stretcher bar 46‘ consisting of two members
62 sliding upon one another. This extensible bar
is pinned at opposite ends through the members
as to the side rods in a position determined by
2,119,604 7
any one of the openings 46. 7' The bar is provided
with a series of holding pins 48 which engage the
may have connected thereto extensible sides ,60,
indicated in dot and dash lines, which are con- 7 "
nected with the openings 46‘ and are adjustable
71 lower edge of the garment and maintain’ it in '7 lengthwise to properly receive‘ and stretch a con-V
1 proper lengthwise relationship.
' = After reception'of the form w1thin the" garment, nected skirt portion;
is claimed is:
sleeve stretchersindicated generally in Fig.1 and * '~ ' What
A blocking and stretching form'comprising ‘all /
more'particularly in Fig. 2, may be inserted in the ' "longitudinal support, opposite sets of articulated "
sleeves, and.’ engage with the main portion of the frame members each consisting of a pluralitybf
pivotally connected and relatively short sections,
10" i ‘As indicated Fig. eachlstretcher comprises, a series of'cross arms connecting the articulated
two side rods :56 and 5/Ladjustably heldr'in sepa
members with the longitudinal support at
rated'position at the'outer end by a'telescoping frame
each pivoted. connection of, the frame members; a
" spreader 52, and engaged 'with-the'sections at the 1
spring detent for ?xedly pinning, each set of cross
inner ends by ahook member 53 received inone ' arms to the longitudinal’ support, the crossarmsj 15'
15,: 'nection between the end of zone of the sleeve rods: being perforated to provide individual lengthwise V
the contour of the form, '
and an extension 56 formed’ on the outer‘ vend of ‘
adjustment and vary‘
and means for changing the‘ diagonal relation
ship of thepcross arms simultaneously'to' adjust"
articulated frame members toward'and from'
:20’ tion; the‘ sleevestretchers are adjustable both as the
the support without essentially changing the
l the upper'diagonal members 20, as indicated in
Fig. 1. It will be evidentthat with’ this construe-c
to length andrwidth. ~
' Ifgitis desired'ito stretch a skirt .atrthejsarne ' general contour of the frame members.
time,v the ‘lower ' sections 726 of ' the side 'cmembers 7
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